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1.

K1 and K2 are the velocity constants of forward and backward reactions.


(A) K 1 K 2
(B) K1 K2
(D) K 1 K 2
K1
(C)
K2
K1 K2

Sol.

(C).

2.

Which of the following reactions will be favoured at low pressure?


(A) N O
2
2
(C) PCl
5

(B) H 2 I 2

2 NO
2 PCl3 Cl 2

(D) N 2 3 H

The equilibrium constant k of the reaction is

2 HI
2 NH 3

Sol.
3.

(C).
For the reaction, A B

C D , if active mass of A is kept constant and active mass of B is tripled, the rate of

reaction will become


(A) three times

(B) six times

(C) eight times

(D) nine times

Sol.

(D).

4.

The rate of

CO( g )

K p for the reaction:


Kc

1
O2 ( g )
2

CO2 ( g ) is

(A) 1
(C)

RT

(B) RT
1/ 2

1/ 2

(D) RT

Sol.

(D).

5.

Consider the reaction,

CaCO3 ( s )
g)

CaO( s ) CO2 (

in a closed container at equilibrium. What would be the effect of addition of CaCO3 on the equilibrium concentration of CO2?

Sol.
6.

(A) Increases

(B) Unpredictable

(C) Decreases

(D) Remains unaffected

(D).
For the reaction, PCl5 (g)
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

PCl 3 (g) Cl 2 (g), the forward reaction at constant temperature is favoured by

introducing an inert gas at constant volume


introducing PCl3(g) at constant volume
introducing PCl5(g) at constant volume
introducing Cl2(g) at constant volume

Sol.

(C).

7.

A liquid is in equilibrium with its vapour at its boiling point. On an average, the molecules in the two phases have equal
(A) intermolecules forces
(B) potential energy
(C) kinetic energy
(D) both kinetic energy and potential energy

Sol.

(C).

8.

The unit of equilibrium constant for the reversible reaction

H2 I2

2 HI is
1

(A) Lmol
1
(C) molL

(B) L mol
(D) None of the above

Sol.

(D).

9.

If K1 and K2 are the equilibrium constants of the equilibrium (i) and (ii) respectively, what is the relationship between the two
constants?

1
(i) SO2 ( g ) O2 ( g )

SO3 ( g ); K1

(ii) 2 SO ( g )
3
(A) K 1
2

1
K2

2 SO2 ( g ) O2 ( g ); K 2
(B) K K 2
2
1

1
(C) K 1

(D) K1 = K2
2

Sol.

(A).

10.

It is found that equilibrium constant increase by a factor of four when the temperature is increased from 25C to 40C. The
value of H is
(A) 25.46 kJ
(B) 171.67 kJ
(C) 89.43 kJ
(D) 71.67 kJ

Sol.

(D).

11.

An example of reversible reaction is


(A) Pb(NO3)2(aq) + 2NaI (aq)

PbI2(s) + 2NaNO3

(aq) (B) AgNO3(aq) + NaCl (aq)

AgCl (s) +

NaNO3 (aq) (C) 2Na(s) + 2H2O(l)


(D) KNO3 (aq) + NaCl (aq)

2NaOH (aq) + H2(g)


KCl (aq) + NaNO3 (aq)

Sol.
12.

(D).
Solubility of a substance which dissolves with decrease in volume and absorption of
(A) low temperature and low pressure
(B) low temperature and high pressure
(C) high temperature and high pressure
(D) high temperature and low pressure

Sol.

(C).

13.

If pressure is increased on the equilibrium, Ice

Water

Which of the following occurs?


(A) More of the ice melts
(B) More of the ice is formed
(C) There is no change in the amount of ice and water
(D) Some water gets vapourized
Sol.

(A).

14.

For which of the following reaction Kp = Kc?


(A) 2NOCl(g)
2NO(g) + Cl2(g)

Sol.

(B) N2(g) + 3H2(g)

2NH3(g)

(C) H2(g) + Cl2(g)

2HCl(g)

(D) PCl3(g) + Cl2(g)

PCl5(g)

(C).

15.

For the chemical reaction


3X(g) + Y(g)
X3Y(g), the amount of X3Y at equilibrium is affected by

(A) temperature and pressure


(C) pressure only

(B) temperature only


(D) temperature, pressure and catalyst

Sol.

(A).

16.

The equilibrium of the reaction, N2(g) + 3H2(g)


(A) Kp 1
(C) Q = Kp

2NH3(g) will shift to product side when

(B) Q Kp
(D) Q = 2Kp

Sol.

(B).

17.

In a reaction 2A+B
A2B, the reactant (A) will disappear at
(A) half the rate at which B will decrease
(B) the same rate at which B will decrease
(C) the same rate at which A2B will form
(D) twice the rate at which B will decrease

Sol.

(D).

18.

The equilibrium, 2 SO2(g) + O2(g)


2SO3(g) shifts forward if
(A) a catalyst is used
(B) small amount of reactants are used
(C) an adsorbent is used to removed SO3 as soon as it is formed
(D) None of the above

Sol.
19.

(C).
A tenfold increase in pressure on the reaction, N2(g) + 3H2(g)
(A) tenfold increase

(B) tenfold decrease

(C) no change

(D)

2NH3(g) at equilibrium results in in Kp,

4
fold decrease
9

Sol.

(C).

20.

One mole each of A and B and 3 moles each of C and D are placed in 1 litre flask, if equilibrium constant is 2.25 for A + B
C + D, equilibrium constant of A and C will be in the ratio
(A) 2 : 3
(C) 1 : 2

(B) 3 : 2
(D) 2 : 1

Sol.

(A).

21.

For the given equilibrium


L(g)
M(g)
4

The Kf = 5 10 mole/litre/seconds
2
and Kb = 3 10 litre/mole/seconds
the equilibrium concentration of M is
(A) 0.13 M
(C) 0.8 M

(B) 0.3 M
(D) cant be calculated

Sol.

(A).

22.

One mole each of CH 3CO2 H and CH 3CH 2OH are heated in presence of little conc.
following equilibrium,
CH 3CO2 H CH 3CH 2OH

CH 3CO2CH 2CH

The moles of CH 3CO2CH 2CH 3 formed at equilibrium is


(A) 1 mol
(B) 2 mol
(D) 2
1
(C)
mol
mol

Sol.

(D).

23.

24 ml of HI are produced from the reaction of 15 ml of H 2 and 17.1 ml of I 2


for the reaction,

H 2 SO4 so as to establish the

vapour at 4 44 C . The equilibrium constant

H2 I2
at 444 C
is

2 HI

(A) 27.5
(C) 73.647
Sol.

(B) 37.647
(D) 57.25

(B). According to Avogadros law, at constant temperature and pressure, v n.


Thus, 2x = 24 x = 12
Volume of H2 at equilibrium = a x 15 12 3 ml
Volume of I2 at equilibrium = 17.1 12 5.1 ml
24 24
K
36.647
3 5.1

24.

The equilibrium constant for a reaction, A B


to be
(A) exothermic
(C) unpredictable

C D , is 1 10

at 298 K and 2.0 at 373 K. The reaction is expected

(B) endothermic
(D) neither exothermic nor endothermic

Sol.

(B). K is increased on increasing temperature. This shows that forward reaction is favoured by increase in temperature. Thus,
forward reaction should be endothermic.

25.

In what manner will increase of pressure affect the following equation?

C( s ) H 2O( g )

CO( g ) H 2 ( g )

(A) Shift in the forward direction


(C) Increase in the yield of H 2

(B) Shift in the reverse direction


(D) No effect

Sol.

(B).

26.

The Kp value for a reaction is 0.9 atm at 300 K. The Kc value of the reaction is
(A) 0.9
(B) 0.0365
(C) 0.009
(D) cant be calculated

Sol.

(B).

27.

A cylinder fitted with movable piston contains liquid water in equilibrium with water vapour at 25C. Which operation would
result in a decrease in the equilibrium vapour pressure?
(A) Moving the piston downwards by a short distance
(B) Removing a small amount of vapour
(C) Removing a small amount of liquid water
(D) Dissolving salt in the water.

Sol.

(D). Addition of salt lower the vapour pressure.

28.

For 2A + B
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)

C + X, the favourable conditions to obtain maximum yield of B will be

low pressure and low temperature


low pressure and high temperature
high pressure and high temperature
high pressure and high temperature

Sol.

(B).

29.

In the reaction, N2 + 3H2

2NH3 + X kcal, one mole of N2 reacts with three moles of H2. At equilibrium, the value of

(degree of dissociation) is approximately (P= pressure at equilibrium).


(B)
P 27 K p
8P
(A)
8
K p 27
P 27
(C) 8 K
p
Sol.

(A).

(D) None of the above

30.

How will the rate of following reaction


2SO2(g) + O2(g)
2SO3(g)
changes if the volume of the reaction vessel is doubled
th
(A) It will be 1/4 of the initial value
th
(B) It will be 1/6 of the original value
(C) It will be 8 times of its initial value
(D) It will be 4 times of its initial value

Sol.

(A).

31.

At a certain temperature, the equilibrium constant for the reaction


CO(g) + H2O(g)

CO2(g) + H2(g) is 4. A mixture initially containing one mole of each of carbon monoxide and steam

is allowed to reach equilibrium. How many moles of carbon monoxide are now present?
(A) 1/4
(B) 1/3
(C) 1/2
(D) 2/3
Sol.

(B).

32.

For 3A + 2B

2C + D, initial mole of A is double of B. At equilibrium moles of A and D are equal. Hence percentage

dissociation of A is
(A) 50%
(C) 75%

(B) 25%
(D) none of the above

Sol.

(C).

33.

For which of the following equilibria, Kc is more than Kp?


(A) A2(g) + B2(g)
2AB(g)
(B) P(g)
(C) 2A(g) + B(g)

C(g)

Sol.

(C).

34.

For a reaction of the type A(s) + 2B(g)

2C(g) + R(g)

(D) None of the above

C(g) an equilibrium mixture consist of 3.0 moles of A, 0.80 moles of B, and 0.40

moles of C, in a 2.00 L flask. What is the value of Kc for this reaction?


1
1
(A) 5.0 10
(B) 8.3 10
1
(C) 1.25
(D) 1.7 10
Sol.

(C).

35.

The vapour density of N2O4 at a certain temperature is 30. The percentage dissociation of N2O4 at this temperature is
(A) 53.3

(B) 26.7

(C) 0.533

(D) 2.67

Sol.

(A).

36.

Kp values for C2H4+H2


the reaction,
2H2+C2H2
C2H6
8
(A) 10
18

(C) 510
Sol.
37.

(B) 2.510
(D) 10

26

C2H4 is 510 atm at 50C. Determine Kp for

45

(C).
In the reaction X
nY, the initial vapour density of X is D and vapour density at equilibrium is d. If degree of dissociation
of X is , then is equal to
Dd
Dd
(B)
(A)
d n 1
n 1 D
(C)

Dd
n d 1

Sol.

18

C2H6 is 510 atm and Kp for C2H2+H2

(A).

(D)

d n 1
Dd

38.

For the reaction A + 2B


C. (A) 5
(C) 8

Sol.

(D).

39.

CO2(g) + H2(g)

C, 5 moles of A and 8 moles of B will produce moles of


(B) 4
(D) 13

CO(g) + H2O(g)

The Kp for the above reaction is 0.11. If the reaction was started with 0.45 moles of CO2 and 0.45 moles of H2 at 700 K, the
concentration of CO2 when 0.34 moles of CO2 and 0.34 moles of H2 are added when the first equilibrium is attained, is
(A) 0.52 M
(B) 0.17 M
(C) 0.34 M
(D) 0.26 M
Sol.

(B).

40.

K c for the reaction


A( g ) B( g )
C( g ) D( g ) , is 20 at 25C. If a container contains 1, 2, 4, 5 moles per litre of
A(g), B(g), C(g) and D(g) respectively at 25C, then the reaction
shall (A) proceed from left to right
(B) proceed from right to
left (C) be at equilibrium
(D) None of the above

Sol.

(A). Q
K c 20

[C][D] 4 5

10 [ A]
[B]
12

Q Kc
Therefore, equilibrium will shift from left to right.
41.

The K p value for certain reaction is 0.5 atm at 300 K. Which of the following is incorrect about the reaction?
(A) K can be calculated.
c
(B) From this data, it is not possible to determine about the H value of the reaction.
(C) K p K c
(D) Neither possible to calculate K c nor the relation between K p and K c .

Sol.

(A).

42.

In the reaction A+2B


2C+D, the initial concentration of B was 1.5 times that of A, but equilibrium concentration of A
and B are found to be equal. The equilibrium constant for the reaction is
(A) 4

(B) 16

(C) 2

(D) 32

Sol.

(A).

43.

The K p of a reaction is 10 atm at 300 K and 4 atm at 400 K. The incorrect statement about the reaction is
(A) the reaction is exothermic.
(B) the E a of forward reaction is more than that of backward reaction.
(C) the rate of backward reaction increases more than that of forward reaction with increase of temperature.
(D) the difference between heat of reaction at constant pressure and that at constant volume is RT.

Sol.

(B). K p decreases with temperature. Hence, H must be ve as evident from the equation.
d nK p

H
2
dT
RT
H Ea (FR) Ea (BR)

Ea (FR) Ea (BR)
44.

The partial pressure of CH3OH, CO and H2 in the equilibrium mixture for the reaction, CO + 2H2
are 2.0, 1.0 and 0.1 atm. respectively. The value of Kp for the decomposition of CH3OH to CO and H2 is
2
2
1
(A) 1 10 atm
(B) 2 10 atm

CH3OH, at 427 C

(C) 50 atm

(D) 5 10 atm

Sol.

(B).

45.

At equilibrium which relation is true?


(A) The sum of free energy of product = sum of free energy of
reactant. (B) The sum of free energy of product sum of free energy of
reactant. (C) The sum of free energy of product sum of free energy of
reactant. (D) Cant be decided like this.

Sol.

(A).

46.

The equilibrium constant for the reaction

2 SO2 ( g ) O2 ( g )
2 SO3 (
g)
is 5. If the equilibrium constant mixture contains equal moles of SO3 and SO2, the equilibrium partial pressure of O2 gas is
(A) 0.2 atm
(B) 2 atm
(C) 0.02 atm
(D) 0.04 atm
[SO ]

Sol.

(A). K p

47.

2SO2 + O2
2SO3. Starting with 2 moles of SO2 and 1 mol of O2 in 1 L flask, mixture required 0.4 moles of MnO4 in
acidic medium. Hence, Kc is
(A) 2
(B) 0.4
(C) 1.6
(D) 2.6

Sol.

(A).

48.

Haemoglobin (Hb) forms bond with oxygen and gives oxyHaemoglobin (HbO2). This process is partially regulated by the

[O2 ][SO2 ]2 5
[O2 ] 0.2

concentration of H3O and dissolved CO2 in blood as


+
+
HbO2 + H3O + CO2
H Hb CO2 + O2 + H2O
If there is production of lactic acid and CO2 in a muscular exercise then
(A) more O2 is released
(B) more HbO2 is formed
(C) both (A) and (B)
(D) CO2 will be formed
Sol.

(A).

49.

PCl5 is 40% dissociated when pressure is 2 atm. It will be 80% dissociated when pressure is approximately
(A) 0.2 atm
(B) 0.5 atm
(C) 0.3 atm
(D) 0.6 atm

Sol.

(A).

50.

The reaction A+B

C+D, is studied in a one litre vessel at 250C. The initial concentration of A was 3n and that of B

was n. When equilibrium was attained, equilibrium concentration of C was found to be equal to the equilibrium concentration
of B. What is the concentration of D at equilibrium?
(A) n/2
(B) (3n 1/2)
(C) (nn/2)
(D) n
Sol.

(A).

51.

The equilibrium constant KC for the reaction


3
SO2(g) + NO2(g)
SO3(g) + NO(g) is 16. If 1 mole each of all four gases is taken in 1 dm vessel then the equilibrium
concentration of NO would be
(A) 0.04 M
(C) 4.4 M

(B) 0.6 M
(D) 1.6 M

Sol.

(D).

52.

When a mixture of N2 and H2 in the volume ratio of 1 : 5 is allowed to react at 100 K and 10 atm. pressure, 0.426 mole
fraction of NH3 is formed at equilibrium. The Kp for the reaction is
4
4
(A) 2.8 10
(B) 6.6 10
4
4
(C) 3.0 10
(D) 6 10

Sol.
53.

(B).
For the given reaction
2A(s) + B(g)
C(g) + 2D(s) + E(s)

the degree of dissociation of B was found to be 20% at 300 K and 24% at 500 K, the rate of backward reaction
(A) increases with increase in pressure and temperature
(B) increases with increase in pressure and decrease in temperature
(C) depends on temperature only and decreases with increase in temperature
(D) increases with increasing the concentration of B and increasing the temperature
Sol.

(C).

54.

In

the

reaction

A2(g)

4B2

(g)

2AB4(g)

0.

The

decomposition

of

AB4 (g) will be favoured at


(A) low temperature and high pressure
(B) high temperature and low pressure
(C) low temperature and low pressure
(D) high temperature and high pressure
Sol.

(C). 2AB4(g)

A2(g) + 4B2(g)

H = ve

It is an exothermic reaction and hence favoured at low temperature. n for the reaction is +3. Therefore, low pressure will
favour the forward reaction
55.

In 1918, Fritz Haber, a German chemist, received the Nobel Prize in chemistry for his work on developing a direct synthesis
of ammonia on a commercial scale. Ammonia, which is used heavily by farmers as a fertilizer, is produced commercially by
the Habers process:
N2 (g) + 3 H2 (g)

2 NH3 (g)
Commercially, this reaction is performed at high temperature and in the presence of a heterogeneous catalyst (iron oxide) to
increase the rate of the reaction. Which of the following "forms" of iron oxide would be the most effective for increasing the
rate of the reaction?
(A) 1 g of iron oxide pellets (10 small spherical pellets)
(B) 1 g of iron oxide pellets (1 large spherical pellet)
(C) 1 g of iron oxide powder
(D) 1 g of iron oxide kept on a table outside of the reaction vessel

Sol.

(C). Iron oxide powder has large surface area and hence would be most effective for increasing the rate of the reaction.

56.

For this reaction at equilibrium, which changes will increase the quantity of Fe(s)?
Fe3O4(s) + 4 H2(g)
3 Fe(s) + 4 H2O(g) H > 0
1. increasing temperature
2. decreasing temperature
3. adding Fe3O4(s)
(A) 1 only
(C) 2 and 3 only

Sol.
57.

(B) 1 and 2 only


(D) 1, 2, and 3

(A). As H is positive, increasing the temperature will shift the reaction in forward direction.
The thermochemical equation representing the dissociation of AB2 is as follows:
2AB2(g)
2AB(g) + B2(g) H = +40 kcals
Incorrect statement about this reaction is
(A) The Kp of the reaction will decrease with increase of temperature
(B) Carrying out the reaction in a larger vessel (closed) will favour the equilibrium to proceed in forward direction.
(C) H and E are not equal

(D) Adding B2(g) in the reaction mixture will decrease the yield of AB
Sol.

(A).

58.

The Kc of a reaction is 300 mol L at 27C. Hence, the Kp of the reaction will be
1
1
(A) 24.63 atm
(B) 12.18 atm
1
(C) 4.04 atm
(D) None of the above

Sol.

(B).Unit of Kc indicates that n = 1


K c
300

= 12.18 atm
So, Kp =
RT 0.0821
300

59.

For a hypothetical reaction


A(g) + B(g)
C(g) + D(g)
3
1
1
Occurring in a single step, the specific rate constant of forward reaction at 27C is 8.0 10 mol Lmin . When the reaction
in question is carried out at 27C it is found that the concentration of D is twice that of A at equilibrium. The specific rate
constant of the backward reaction is thus
2
1
1
1
1
(A) 3.2 10 mol Lmin
(B) 0.25 mol Lmin
3
1
1
(C) 2.0 10 mol Lmin
(D) None of the above

Sol.

(C). From the given data: Equilibrium constant (K) = 4


and k2 are the rate constants of forward and backward reactions respectively.
k
K = 1 , where k1
k2

8.03
10
k2 =

= 2.0 10 mol Lmin

60.

A vessel at 1000 K contains CO2 with a pressure of 0.5 atm. Some of the CO2 is converted into CO on the addition of graphite.
The value of Kp if the total pressure at equilibrium is 0.8 atm is
(A) 1.8 atm
(B) 3 atm
(B) 0.3 atm
(D) 0.18 atm

Sol.

(A).

CO2(g) + C(s)

At equilibrium (0.5 x)
Initially
pCO = 0.5 atm

2CO(g)
2x

At equilibrium, total pressure = (0.5 + x)


0.8 = (0.5 + x)
x = 0.3
2
= 1.8 atm
(pCO )
(2
Kp =

2
0.3)
(pCO )
2

(0.5 0.3)

61.

The molecular weight of PCl5 is 208.32 but when heated to 230C, it is reduced to 124. The extent of dissociation of PCl5 at
this temperature will be
(A) 6.8%
(B) 68%
(C) 46%
(D) 64%

Sol.

(B).

Molecular weight before dissociation 1

Molecular weight after dissociation


1
208.32 = 1.68
1+=
124
= 0.68

62.

NO2 is involved in the formation of smog and acid rain. A reaction that is important in the formation of NO2 is
34
O3(g) + NO(g)
O2(g) + NO2(g) Kc = 6.0 10
6
5
4
3
If the air over a section of New Delhi contained 1.0 10 M of O3, 1.0 10 M of NO, 2.5 10 M of NO2 and 8.2 10 M
of O2, what can we conclude?

(A) There will be a tendency to form more NO and O3.


(B) There will be a tendency to form more NO2 and O2.
(C) There will be a tendency to form more NO2 and O3.

(D) There will be no tendency for change because the reaction is at equilibrium.
Sol.

[O ][NO2 ] (8.2 103 )(2.5 10 4 )


(B). Q = [O23 ][NO]

6
5
(1.0 10 )(1.0 10 )
= 8.2 2.5 10

= 20.5 10
As Q Kc, the reaction will have a tendency to move forward.
63.

Consider the following gas phase reaction at equilibrium


Cl2(g) + 3F2(g)
2ClF3(g)
If the concentration of F2(g) is suddenly doubled, which of the following best describes what will
happen? (A) The concentration of both F2(g) and Cl2(g) will decrease; ClF3(g) will increase
(B) The concentration of ClF3(g) will decrease; Cl2(g) and F2(g) will both increase
(C) The concentration of all three species will be unaffected
(D) It is impossible to tell without the value of the equilibrium constant

Sol.

(A). Increasing the concentration of the reactant makes Q K. So, the reaction moves forward.

64.

A 10 litre box contains O3 and O2 at equilibrium at 2000 K. Kp = 4.17 10 for 2O3

14

3O2. Assume that PO2 >> PO3 and if

total pressure is 7.33 atm, then partial pressure of O3 will be


5
7
(A) 9.71 10 atm
(B) 9.71 10 atm
6

(C) 9.71 10 atm

(D) 9.71 10 atm

Sol.

(B).

65.

The equilibrium constant for the reaction


4
N2(g) + O2(g)
2NO(g) is 4 10 at 200 K. In the presence of a catalyst the equilibrium is attained 10 times faster.
Therefore, the equilibrium constant in presence of the catalyst at 200 K is
(A) 4 10

(B) 4 10

(D) None of the above

(C) 4 10
Sol.

-4

(B). When the reaction is carried out in presence of a catalyst, it will catalyse both the forward and backward reactions
equally. So, the equilibrium constant will remain same.

66.

C2H6(g), H = 32.7 kcal carried out in a vessel, the equilibrium

For the gas phase reaction C2H4(g) + H2(g)


concentration of C2H4 can be increased by

Sol.

(A) increasing temperature

(B) decreasing pressure

(C) removing some H2

(D) adding some C2H6

(A, B, C, D). C2H4(g) + H2(g)

C2H6(g)

H = 32.7 kcal.

Concentration of C2H4 will increase as all the factors are favouring backward reaction. High temperature, low pressure,
decrease in concentration of H2 and increase in concentration of C2H6 will favour backward reaction.
67.

Kp for a reaction at 25C is 10 atm. The activation energy for forward and reverse reactions is 12 and 20 kJ/mol respectively.
The Kc for the reaction at 40C will be
1

(B) 3.33 10 M

(D) 4.33 10 M

(A) 4.33 10 M
(C) 3.33 10 M
Sol.

(C). Enthalpy changed of a reaction is given by


H = (Ea)f (Ea)b
where, (Ea)f and (Ea)b are energies of activation for the forward and backward reactions.
H = 12 20 = 8 kJ/mol
Kp for the reaction at 25C = 10 atm. Since, Kp is expressed in atmosphere,
n
10
Kp = Kc(RT) , Kc = 0.0821
= 0.4 M
298

n = +1

Kc at 40C is given by
K c 40 H 1 1
log

K c 25 2.303R T1 T2
8 1000
15
= 0.06719
=

2.303 8.314
298
313
(Kc)40/(Kc)25 = 0.85
68.

(Kc)40 = 0.85 0.4 = 0.34 M


For the decomposition reaction
5
3
NH2COONH4 (s)
2NH3(g) + CO2(g) The Kp = 2.9 10 atm . The total pressure of gases at equilibrium when 1
mole of NH2COONH4 (s) was taken to start with would be
(A) 0.0194 atm
(B) 0.0388 atm
(C) 0.0582 atm
(D) 0.0766 atm

Sol.

(C). NH2COONH4(s)

2NH3(g) + CO2(g)

1
2
1
5
3
Kp = 2.9 10 atm
If the P is the total pressure at equilibrium
2
2P P
Kp =
3 3
27 2.9
5
10
4

P =

P=

= 1.9575

1.9575 = 0.058

69.

In an equilibrium reaction for which G = 0 the equilibrium constant K should be equal to


(A) zero
(B) 10
(C) 1
(D) 2

Sol.

(C).

70.

The decomposition of ammonium carbonate at 30C is represented as


6

NH2COONH4(s)
2NH3(g) + CO2(g) The equilibrium constant Kp is 3210 atm . What is the total pressure of gases
in equilibrium with NH2COONH4(s) at 30C?
6

(B) 210 atm

(D) 910 atm

(A) 810 atm

(C) 610 atm


Sol.

(C).

71.

When sulphur in the form of S 8 is heated at 900 K, the initial pressure of one atom falls by 29% at equilibrium. The Kp is
3

(A) 1.16 atm


3
(C) 2.55 atm
Sol.

(C).

(B) 0.71 atm


3
(D) 5.1 atm
S8 (g)

Initially
At equilibrium

1
0
1 0.29 0.29 4
= 0.71

K p

[PS ]
2

[PS ]
8

72.

4S2 (g)

= 1.16

(1.16)
3
2.55 atm
0.71

Two moles of an equimolar mixture of two alcohols R1OH and R2OH are esterified with one mole of acetic acid. If 80% of
the acid is consumed and the quantities of ester formed under equilibrium are in the ratio of 3:2, what is the value of
equilibrium constant for the esterification of R1OH?

(A) ~ 3.7
(C) ~ 3.2

(B) ~ 2.9
(D) ~ 3.0

Sol.

(A).
LIST I

73.

(a)

Kp = 20 atm

(b)
(c)
(d)

H2(g) + I2(g)
N2 + 3H2
GP , T 0

Codes
a
(A) 2
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 2

b
1
3
2
4

(1)
2HI(g)
2NH3, H = ve

c
4
1
1
1

(2)
(3)
(4)

LIST II
No effect of pressure on the yield of
the product
H = E RT
Nonspontaneous process
Kp decreases with temperature

d
3
4
4
3

Sol.

(C).

74.

The equilibrium constant of the reaction 3C2H2


C6H6 is 4.0 at temperature T K. If the equilibrium concentration of C2H2
is 0.5 moles/ litre, the concentration of C6H6 is
(A) 0.5 M
(B) 1.5 M
2

(C) 510 M
Sol.

(A).

75.

The equilibrium SO2Cl2(g)

(D) 0.25 M

SO2(g) + Cl2(g) is attained at 25C in a closed vessel and He is introduced, which of the

following statement is correct


(A) Concentrations of SO2, Cl2 and SO2Cl2 will change
(B) More Cl2 is formed
(C) Concentration of SO2 is reduced
(D) None of the above
Sol.

(D).

76.

In the system LaCl3(s) + H2O(g) + heat LaClO(s) + 2HCl(g), more water vapour is added to reestablish the
equilibrium. The Pressure of water vapour is doubled. The factor by which pressure of HCl will change is
(A) 2
(B) 2
(C) 3
(D) 5

Sol.
77.

(B).
Liquid NH 3 ionizes to a slight extent. At 60C, its ionic product,

K NH 3 [ NH 4 ][ NH 2 ] 1036

The number of NH 2 ions present per ml of pure liquid NH3 are


23

(assuming that NA = 6 10 )
(A) 300 ions
(C) 600 ions

(B) 400 ions


(D) 500 ions

Sol.

(C).

78.
is

The standard state Gibbs free energy change for the isomerization reaction, cis 2 pentene
1

3.67 kJ mol at 400 K, if more trans 2pentene is added to the reaction vessel
(A) more cis 2pentene is formed
(B) equilibrium shifts in the forward direction
(C) equilibrium remains unaltered
(D) more trans 2pentene is produced

trans 2 pentene

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