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Mynotes02DEC2016

(PatriosmbyDiktat)
Patriosmisaninnersenseofrespectthatneednotbedemonstratedpublicly.Judicial
promoonofthesamemaynotbeintunewiththemovesofamaturedemocracy.Already
alawNaonalhonorsactexiststhatmandatesrespectforNaonalanthemandsymbols.
(HIVselftestopon)
WHOhasreleasedguidelinesonHIVselftesng(OraQuickHIV)Ithelpsforearlydiagnosis
ofthediseaseandprompttreatment.Butthechallengesinclude
1. IntegrangcounselingwithtesngInUSAtelephoniccounselingisfollowed.
2. Testisnotconrmatory.ItcangivefalseNegaves.Accuracyofthetestisonly93%.
(Contoursofachallenge)
1. Inademocracy,Instuonsfunconinastrongbeliefofeachothersexperse.
Judicialacvismgoesagainsttothis.
2. Juscerequiresnotonlyanadherencetoproceduralintegrity,wheredemocrac
instuonscollecvelydeterminesocialandeconomicpolicy,but,evenmore
signicantly,italsorequiresthatanypolicytakesintoaccountthepotenalinjusces
thatmightaccrueoutofitsenforcement.
3. Separaonofpowersexistinaconstuontoprotecttherightsofthecizensandto
preventconcentraonofpowerinthehandsoffew.Ifwegobythelogic,anyacon
oftheGovernmentcausinggravehumanitariancostscanbebroughtunderJudicial
review.
4. Intheprocessofmonezaon,secon26(2)ofRBIact,1934isstated.Itexpressly
states:OnrecommendaonoftheCentralBoardtheCentralGovernmentmay,by
nocaonintheGazeeofIndia,declarethatanyseriesofbanknotesofany
denominaonshallceasetobelegaltendersaveatsuchofceoragencyoftheBank
andtosuchextentasmaybespeciedinthenocaon.
(Democracy,directtoHome)
1. InIndianhistory,populiscleadersdirectlyappealedtothepeopleregardingtheir
acons,ratherthangengitdeliberatedandapprovedthroughthedemocrac
instuons.
2. Representavedemocracyinvolvescomplicatedproceduralandinstuonalaspects
todemocracyandpopulistleadersareimpaentwiththesame.Theyhaveaneasy
temptaontobypasstheSamebyappealingdirectlytothepeople.
3. Democracyisaboutprotecngtherightsofallpeople.MajorityandMinority.Italso
involvestheproteconofminorityfromthetyrannyoftheMajority.Directappealto
thepeopleimposesthetyrannyofthemajority.So,incomplexsocieesdirect
democracysimplydonotwork.
4. Directdemocracy,referendumsreducesthedemocracdebatetoBinariesofYesor
no.Theopportunitytondagoldenmeanisreduced.
5. So,collecveresponsibility,parliamentarydemocracyarethechecksagainstthe
populisc,personalitycultoftheleadersinpolics.

(ThemessagefromAmritsar)
HeartofAsiaconferenceisabouttobeheldinAmritsarinIndia.ItwasiniatedatIstanbul
conferencein2011.TheMajorobjecvesofthisistondaregionalsoluonsforapeaceful

Mynotes02DEC2016
andprosperousAfghanistan.Thereare14countriesparcipanginthisincludingPakistan.
TheconferenceiscomingatamewhendialoguebetweenindiaandPakistanisstalledand
tensionsarehigh.Inthisscenario,followingobservaonscanbemade.
1. Afghanistanisalsoavicmofterrorismandfastlosingcontrolovermanyprovinces
totheTaliban.ItisexpecngastrongaconagainstTalibanbyPakistan.
2. ChinamadeitclearthatitwantstohavedeepereswithAfghanistan.Itsees
securityinAfghanistanasakeytostabilityinitsXinjiangprovince.
World
U.S.forcloserdefenceeswithIndia
NaonaldefenceauthorizaonactthatrecognizeIndiaasamajordefencepartnerofthe
USAisexpectedtobepassedinthecongressinthenextweek.IthelpsIndiatogetaccessto
beer,highquality,fastertechnologyondefenceside.
Quesonoftheday
InacomplexsocietysuchasIndia,representavedemocracysuitsbeerthandirect
democracy.Analyzewithreasons.

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