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Para preparar un writing:

Introduccin On the one hand, the article discusses the topic of and
bases its argument on the fact that On the other hand, the professor
discusses articles theory/argument and casts doubts on its validity.
Primer prrafo First, the reading passage states that [x]. In contrast,
the professor provides information that [y]. Hence, he/she casts doubts
on the evidence exhibited by the passage. As a result, .
Segundo prrafo Second, the article pushes forth the idea that [x].
However, the speaker contradicts the idea by .. Consequently, we can
argue that indeed .
Tercer prrafo Finally, and most importantly, the professor
mentions that [x]. However, the lecturer again contradicts the claim as
.
Conclusin In summary, the professor casts doubts on the main
standpoint of the passage. We can safely assume that indeed
Therefore, the passage fails to

La pregunta es del tipo: Do you agree or disagree with the following


statement?
Introduction Some people think that. Others think that [restate]
The issue is a controversial one, but in my opinion a closer examination
reveals that [take position] for several reasons. In this essay I will
explain my position providing examples to support my claims.
First paragraph One reason is For example,. Clearly,.
Second paragraph Another reason is To illustrate this point, lets
take the example of. Therefore.
Third paragraph On the other hand, some people may argue that
[the other side] These individuals may point to examples of
However, . [cast doubts on that opinion].
Conclusion In summary, while there are arguments to be made for
both sides, it is clear that there are greater advantages [of | for X to
provide] because of the above mentioned reasons. Certainly

Una buena redaccin tiene tres partes:


1. Introduccin
Puedes empezar con un prrafo como introduccin en
el cual hables de tu experiencia personal, presentando
el tema que vas a tratar. Para comenzar puedes resumir
algunos de los principales argumentos en contra de tu
punto de vista: Some people argue that..., Many people
think that..., It is said that...
2. Cuerpo
Establece tu opinin personal de forma clara y muestra
datos, cifras y ejemplos que apoyen tu punto de vista:
According to..., Statistics show...

En un nuevo prrafo, discute las ventajas segn las ves.


No olvides utilizar conectores. Para comparar o
contrastar dos cosas utiliza: Both (of them), On the one
hand, On the other hand, In spite of (the fact that), In
comparison with, On the contrary

En otro prrafo puedes hablar de las desventajas o


inconvenientes.

Las siguientes palabras y expresiones te pueden ser


tiles para mostrar tu opinin: Personally, I think...
Fortunately/unfortunately, Obviously, In my opinion, I
believe , I agree/disagree (with/that), It seems to me,
From my point of view, As far as I'm concerned, To be
honest, I am in favour of, I am for, I am against, The
way I see it.

3. Conclusin
Finalmente, escribe una breve conclusin resumiendo
lo que has dicho. Puedes decir si crees que hay ms
ventajas que inconvenientes. Tambin puedes ofrecer
una solucin o advertir de las consecuencias si no se
toman las medidas necesarias para hacer frente al
problema. Para indicar la conclusin puedes utilizar: In
conclusion, Finally, In summary, To sum up, In short,
Therefore, Thus.
Para que las ideas estn conectadas de forma clara y
lgica hay que:
Repetir los nombres clave a lo largo de la redaccin.
Usar pronombres para referirse a los nombres clave.

Escribir las oraciones siguiendo un orden lgico y


utilizando conectores tales como: First, Second, Then,
Later, Next, Since then, Finally.
Los conectores son muy importantes para unir ideas:
Moreover, Whereas, For instance, Furthermore, such
as, Although, However, In contrast.

Es importante que expresemos nuestras ideas y


argumentos correctamente. A continuacin tienes
un recordatorio de algunas reglas bsicas a la hora
de escribir:
Orden de los elementos de la oracin en frases
afirmativas y negativas. En ingls hay un orden
establecido. Cada oracin debe tener un sujeto y un
verbo, aunque puede haber otras partes de la oracin.
El orden bsico es:
Sujeto + verbo + c. indirecto + c. directo + c.c. modo + c.c.
lugar + c.c. Tiempo
I

solved

the
at
proble quickly
home
m
C.C.
C.C.
C.D.
modo lugar

yesterd
ay
C.C.
tiempo

Recuerda:
Las expresiones de tiempo tambin pueden ir al
principio de una oracin.
Los complementos indirecto y directo deben ir detrs
del verbo.
Los adverbios de frecuencia van a menudo delante del
verbo principal (pero detrs del verbo BE)
Cuando tenemos un complemento indirecto y otro

directo, el indirecto se coloca a menudo delante del


directo:
She
S

gave
V

him
C.I.

a book
C.D.

a book
C.D.

to him
C.I.

aunque tambin se puede decir:


She
S

gave
V

Orden de los elementos de la oracin en preguntas: Hay


tres posibles modelos:
- Auxiliar + Sujeto + verbo [+ complementos]
Do you live here?
- Pronombre interrogativo (como complemento) + auxiliar
+ sujeto + verbo [+ complementos]
Who did you invite to the party? = A quin invitaste a la
fiesta?
- Pronombre interrogativo (como sujeto) + verbo [+
complementos]
Who invited you to the party? = Quin te invit a la fiesta?
Orden de los elementos de la oracin en preguntas
indirectas: Las preguntas indirectas siguen el modelo
de las oraciones afirmativas o negativas:
Subjeto + verbo
He asked me who she was.
He wanted to know where she lived.