Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 14

Practical File

Of

COMPUTER NETWORKING AND INTERNET


Submitted to

Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak


Submitted to partial fulfillment of the Requirement for the
Degree of
BACHELOR OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
(BBA)
Under Supervision
of:
Mr. MM Chanda
Faculty of
Management

Submitted By:
Abhishek saini
Reg. No. 1412720008
Roll No. 6024674

Session 2014-2017

WORLD COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY &


MANAGEMENT, Gurugram

Internet
The Internet is

the

global

system

of

interconnected computer networks that

use

the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices


worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists
of

private,

public,

academic,

business,

and

government networks of local to global scope, linked


by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical
networking technologies. The Internet carries an
extensive

range

services,

of

information

such

as

linked hypertext documents


the World
mail, telephony,

Wide

resources
the

and
inter-

and applications of
Web (WWW), electronic

and peer-to-peer networks

for file

sharing.
The origins of the Internet date back to research
commissioned

by

the United

States

federal

government in the 1960s to build robust, faulttolerant communication via computer networks. The
primary precursor network, the ARPANET, initially
served as a backbone for interconnection of regional
academic and military networks in the 1980s. The

funding

of

the National

Science

Foundation

Network as a new backbone in the 1980s, as well as


private funding for other commercial extensions, led
to worldwide participation in the development of new
networking technologies, and the merger of many
networks. The linking of commercial networks and
enterprises by the early 1990s marks the beginning
of

the

transition

generated

to

the

sustained

generations

exponential

of

and mobile computers

modern

Internet, and
growth

as

institutional, personal,
were

connected

to

the

network. Although the Internet was widely used


by academia since

the

1980s,

the commercialization incorporated its services and


technologies into virtually every aspect of modern
life.

Internet Services

World Wide Web

The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the


Web) is an information space where documents and
other web
resources are
identified
by Uniform
Resource
Locators (URLs),
interlinked

by hypertext links,
the Internet.

and

can

be

accessed

via

Communication

Email is an important communications service


available on the Internet. The concept of sending
electronic text messages between parties in a way
analogous to mailing letters or memos predates the
creation of the Internet. Pictures, documents, and
other files are sent as email attachments. Emails can
be cc-ed to multiple email addresses.

Data transfer

File sharing is an example of transferring large


amounts of data across the Internet. A computer
file can be emailed to customers, colleagues and
friends as an attachment.

USES OF INTERNET

Checking emails
It is reported that the first thing that 90 % of Internet
users do when they connected to the net is to check if
they have received any emails. Internet has drastically
changed the mail pattern and has made it incredibly fast.

Download
It is hard to find an Internet user, who has not used it to
download music and movies. Apart from it, there are lots
of other things that can be downloaded using internet as
well.
Search For Relevant Information
If you are not sure about something, then one of the
easiest way to know more about it is by searching it on
internet. Internet has got a huge database of information
on almost every subject and one can easily find out lots
of information on any topic using internet.
Book Tickets
Online booking has made things really easy. Be it a movie
ticket or flight ticket, you can book just about anything
using Internet. The process is very easy, convenient and
super fast.
Shop Online
The use of internet is not limited merely to booking
tickets. With help of net, you can do a full-fledged online
shopping. On popular e-stores like Ebay, Amazon etc.,
one can find almost anything that he needs to buy. These
e-stores are reliable and you can find quality products at
most competitive rates on them; and all this can be done
without even stepping out of your home!

Make Friends
One of the best things about internet is that is has made
communication very easy and convenient. World is a
small place now and one can get connected to just about
any part of the world without any problem. There are
many sites and forums on net, where you can find
likeminded people and make friends with them. All this is
possible only due to internet.
Socialize
Social networks have got really big since last decade.
Facebook and Twitter are the new online hangouts of netizens and who likes to share all the latest happening of
their life on these social networks and keep their profile
duly updated. Now it is possible to be in touch with all of
your friends and relatives, however big they may count in
numbers and all this is possible due to social networks,
which acts as a very convenient and effective platform for
online socialization.
E Banking
Banking was never so easy and convenient before! Right
from opening an account to operating it, E-Banking has
really been a big boon for everyone. Not only can one
view his account activities but he can also execute online
transactions from the comfort of the home.

Data Sharing
Data sharing was never so easy and quick before! It
doesnt matter, if you have to send a file or song, a
picture or a ebook,; with help of internet, you can send
just about anything at anywhere and that too, in no time!
Online Freelancer
Internet has also created great opportunities for people
who are interested in working online as freelancers. Be it
writing
or
web
designing,
e-commerce
or
entrepreneurship, now it is possible for everyone to show
off his talent online and make a living out of it. Millions of
freelancers make their living online and this number is
increasing substantially every year.

SEARCH ENGINE
A program that searches for and identifies items in
a database that correspond to keywords or
characters specified by the user, used especially
for finding particular sites on the World Wide Web.

TYPES OF SEARCH ENGINE


Baidu

Chinese, Japanese

Bing

Multilingual

DuckDuckGo

Multilingual

Ecosia*

Multilingual

Exalead

Multilingual

Gigablast

English

Google

Multilingual

Munax

Multilingual

Qwant

Multilingual

Sogou

Chinese

Soso.com

Chinese

Yahoo!*

Multilingual

HTML
HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the
standard markup
language for
creating web

pages and web applications. With Cascading Style


Sheets (CSS), and JavaScript, it forms a triad of
cornerstone technologies for the World Wide
Web. Web browsers receive HTML documents from
a webserver or from local storage and render them
into multimedia web pages. HTML describes the
structure of a web page semantically and originally
included cues for the appearance of the document.
HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML
pages. With HTML constructs, images and other
objects, such as interactive forms may be embedded
into the rendered page. It provides a means to
create structured
documents by
denoting
structural semantics for text such as headings,
paragraphs, lists, links, quotes and other items.
HTML elements are delineated by tags, written
using angle
brackets.
Tags
such
as <img /> and <input /> introduce content into the
page directly. Others such as <p>...</p> surround
and provide information about document text and
may include other tags as sub-elements. Browsers do
not display the HTML tags, but use them to interpret
the content of the page.

MARKUP

HTML markup consists of several key components,


including
those
called tags (and
their attributes),
character-based data
types, character
references and entity references. HTML tags most
commonly come in pairs like <h1> and </h1> , although
some represent empty elements and so are unpaired, for
example <img> . The first tag in such a pair is the start
tag, and the second is the end tag (they are also
called opening tags and closing tags).
Another important component is the HTML document
type
declaration,
which
triggers standards
mode rendering.
The following is an example of the classic Hello world
program,
a
common
test
employed
for
comparing programming
languages, scripting
languages and markup languages. This example is made
using 9 lines of code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>This is a title</title>
</head>
<body>

<p>Hello world!</p>
</body>
</html>
(The text between <html> and </html> describes the
web
page,
and
the
text
between <body> and </body> is the visible page
content. The markup text "<title>This is a title</title>"
defines the browser page title.)
The Document Type Declaration <!DOCTYPE html> is for
HTML5. If a declaration is not included, various browsers
will revert to "quirks mode" for rendering.

EXAMPLE

Now, type the following paragraph into your notepad


or any suitable text editor, save the file.
INPUT
<html>
<head>
<title> WORLD COLLEGE
MANAGEMENT </title>
</head>
<body>

OF

TECH.

AND

<h1
align=center><u>All
College</u></h1>

About

My

<hr>
<h2 align=right>Date: DECEMBER 6,2016</h2>
<hr width=50% size=10>
<p><strong>My College </strong>is 5 years old,
currently Five Courses
<em>are at my college</em>,My Name is <b>Mr.
ABHISHEK SAINI</b>.There are 60 students in my
class,</p>
<p align=center> Here are some facts about My
College</p>
<pre>
Date Of Establishment

01.01.2006
Courses
Class Rooms
Teachers
Address
Nagar, Gurgaon
</pre>
<hr nonshade>

:5
: 10
: 20
: WCTM, Farukh

<P align=center> If you wish to contact, please


contact
at
the
following
phone
number,<blink>011-253654</blink></p>
<hr>
<body/>
<html>

Output