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EAN UNIVERSITY

GEOPOLITICAL CONTEXT
BRAYAN ANDREY GARAVITO MATEUS
ESSAY

WAR, DEATH AND FREEDOM

The trigger causes of the Second World War are varied, but the most important things
worth noting are those that were produced by too repressive measures on Germany's
post World War. And the Treaty of Versailles was much more than the official end of the
First World War, in addition to this was the imposition of harsh repressive and
humiliating for the German people economic and social measures, which served as the
main promoter of fascist ultra-right German (Nazi), led by Adolf Hitler, who along with
the invasion of Nazi Germany to Poland (1939), begin hostilities in Europe (Hobsbawm,
1994).
In addition to this we must add a number of other important factors such as what was
the Italian nonconformity how after World War II divided territory and was not
commensurate with what they wanted to receive. We also have Japanese expansionism
first with Japan's invasion of Manchuria (1931), it served to increase political intentions
between Japan and the United States intentions that ended with the Japanese attack on
Pearl Harbor (1941) and the US share incentive international conflict, which by that time
had been kept for several years (Hobsbawm, 1994).
Scoop is worth mentioning that the Allies did not want to face again in a large-scale war
like World War I, but the growing global economic recession and the lack of interest paid
by the dominant powers of the First World War (France, United Kingdom and United
States) to the German arms race in command of Adolf Hitler (Hobsbawm, 1994), with
the inability to do something about it by the newly created league of Nations, finding
himself greatly weakened by the rejection of the United States to be part of it, hastened
the beginning of the conflict (Elias and Sutch, 2007).

There were several key moments in the development of World War II, as the peace
treaty between Germany and the USSR in 1939, which allowed Nazi Germany to take
control of Poland (1939) through the famous and dreaded Blitzkrieg (lightning war),
sharing borders with the USSR. Also it occurs after the invasion of France (1940)
through Belgium and the Netherlands, an event that strengthens more the Wehrmacht
(German army I was born) and expelled from the mainland to the allied forces to UK. It
happens the invasion of the USSR by Germany, with the capture of major cities such as
Leningrad and Ukraine. Parallel to these events also Japan begins its conquest of the
Pacific Ocean and into official war with the United States through the attack on Pearl
Harbor (1941), also Italy begins to expand its horizons across Africa and Greece (1940)
( Grenville, 2005).
Also we have events that ended the war, among the most important highlight making
Sicily (1943), the Normandy invasion (1944), the Battle of Berlin (1945) by the USSR
and the US involvement in the Pacific war and victory, giving definitive World War II
order with the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945.
In the post war world is divided into two dominant political ideologies; capitalism and
communism. The first represented by the United States and the second by the USSR.
This separation of powers plus begin a frantic arms race was also the precursor of
several wars on land freed after the second world war as the Korean War (1950) and
the Vietnam War (1959) (Elias and Sutch, 2007).
I think that if the Allies had lost the war and the Axis forces whatever they controlled the
world, it is more likely that we would be talking most German people, and life to anyone
other than German or Italian or Japanese would be cool and gloomy, full of slavery and
misery. And of course you cant rule out that at this moment can happen another major
military clash between superpowers, but believe me the fear that everyone loses the
ability to kill a large scale with weapons no day has helped to controlling the tensions, at
least directly between powers.

And in conclusion I think if there is a theory of international relations to explain better


that way World War II, and I think that is the realism theory, because as claimed
Hobsbawm (1994) in his book, it is clear to any historian the member nations of the Axis
forces led by centralist and authoritarian ideologies were the reason for the second
world war.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Elias, J and Sutch, P (2007). The basics of international relations. Recovered from
https://ssandhbooks.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/the-basics-internationalrelations.pdf
Grenville, J (2005). A history of the world, from the 20th to the 21th century. Recovered
from
https://ssandhbooks.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/a-history-of-theworld1.pdf
Hobsbawm, E (1994). HISTORIA DEL SIGLO XX. Recovered from
https://ssandhbooks.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/hobsbawn-historia-del-sigloxx.pdf