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VIBRATION TRAINING

ACTIVITY BOOK

CATEGORY III

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This manual is designed as a guide only.


In practical situations there are many variables,
so please use this information with care.

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REPRODUCE IN ANY FORM

TableofContents

SIGNAL PROCESSING ................................................................................................... 4


WINDOWING ............................................................................................................... 6
AVERAGING ................................................................................................................ 7
TIME WAVEFORM ANALYSIS .......................................................................................... 7
PHASE ANALYSIS ......................................................................................................... 9
DIAGNOSING FAULTS WITH PHASE ANALYSIS ............................................................... 10
DYNAMICS and RESONANCES ...................................................................................... 14
OPERATING DEFLECTION SHAPES ................................................................................ 18
MODAL ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................... 20
CORRECTING RESONANCES AND REDUCING VIBRATION ................................................. 22
JOURNAL BEARING ANALYSIS AND ORBITS ................................................................... 25
ROLLING ELEMENT BEARING ANALYSIS ........................................................................ 28
GEARBOX ANALYSIS ................................................................................................... 29
ELECTRIC MOTORS .................................................................................................... 30
BALANCING ............................................................................................................... 31
DIAGNOSING MACHINE FAULTS ................................................................................... 34

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Page 4 of 35

SIGNALPROCESSING
Usefulinformation:

.
T=Timerequiredtocollectthewaveform
Ts=Timebetweeneachsample
Fs=Samplingrate=Samplespersecond
N=Numberofsamples(1024,2048,4096,etc.)

Windowfactor=1(nowindow/uniform/rectangular)or1.5(Hanningwindow)
Separatingfrequency2xBandwidth2xResolution*WindowFactor
Requiredspectrallines2xWindowfactorxFmax/Separatingfrequency
Accuracyoffrequency(atpeak)=xResolution

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[1]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Whycantheintegrationprocesscreateasignaltonoiseproblem?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[2]

Whatisthedifferencebetweenanalogintegrationanddigitalintegration?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[3]

Whatprecautionsshouldbetakenwhentestinglowspeedmachines(below3Hzor180RPM)?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[4]

Namethreeapplicationswhereonemightusetriggering(externalsignaltotriggera
measurementorexternaltachometersignalforsynchronization).

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[5]

Iftherecordlengthis2seconds,andthereare1024samplesinthetimewaveform,whatisthe
Fmax?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[6]

200Hz
400Hz
800Hz
1600Hz

IftheFmaxis10,000Hzanda1600linespectrum,howlongdoesittaketosamplethevibration
signalwithoneaverageonly?
A.
B.
C.
D.

0.16seconds
1.6seconds
16seconds
6.25seconds

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Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III


[7]

IftheFmaxis160Hz,3200linespectrum,howlongdoesittaketosamplethevibrationsignal
with10averages(nooverlap)?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[8]

0.05seconds
0.5seonds
20seconds
200seconds

IftheFmaxis160Hz,3200linespectrum,howlongdoesittaketosamplethevibrationsignal
with10averagesand50%overlap?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[9]

Page 6 of 35

100seconds
115seconds
200seconds
20seconds

Amachinewillgeneratekeyvibrationsignalsof100Hzand100.50Hz,suggestanFmaxsetting
andcorrespondinglinesofresolutionsettingtoresolvethesetwofrequencies(assumethata
Hanningwindowwillbeused):

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_________________________________________________________________________________________
[10]

Whatisthedifferencebetweendynamicrangeandsignaltonoiseratio?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

WINDOWING
[1]

Name5commonwindowsandtheirapplications

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_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[2]

Leakageiscausedby:
A.
B.
C.
D.

Noiseinthetimewaveform
Alowsamplerate
Poorlyshieldedcables
Thesignaldoesnotbeginandendatzerointhetimerecord

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Page 7 of 35

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

AVERAGING
[1] Explainthebenefitsofoverlapaveraging?
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[2]

Whatfactorsshouldyouconsiderwhenselectingthenumberofaverages(fornormaltestingand
linearaveraging)?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[3]

Whatarethreeapplicationsforpeakholdaveraging?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[4]

Whatare3waystodealwithtestingvariablespeedmachines?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

TIMEWAVEFORMANALYSIS
[1]

Namethreefaultconditionsthatcanbediagnosedviatimewaveformanalysis.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
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[2]

Page 8 of 35

Namefourphenomenathatcanbeobservedinthetimewaveform.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[3]

A1500RPMmotorisdrivingapumpviaagearboxwith40teethontheinputgear.WhatFmax
andLORsettingwillallowonetoseethreeharmonicsofthegearmeshfrequencyinthe
spectrumand6rotationsofthegearinthetimewaveform?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[4]

A1500RPMmotorisdrivingapumpviaagearboxwith40teethontheinputgear.WhatFmax
settingisrequiredinordertobeabletoclearlyseeeachtoothmeshinthetimewaveform?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[5]

Whatistheapproximatefrequencyofthedominanteventinthistimewaveform?

A.
B.
C.
D.

0.63Hz
6.7Hz
24.7Hz
Notenoughinformation

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[6]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Whyistimewaveformanalysissoimportantwhenperformingvibrationanalysisongearboxes?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[7]

Whyistimewaveformanalysisusefulwhenperformingvibrationanalysisonrollingelement
bearings?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[8]

Whyistimewaveformanalysisusefulwhenapumpiscavitating?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

PHASEANALYSIS
[1]

Namethreereasonswhythepeakvalueofthevibrationsignaldoesnotcoincideperfectlywith
thepassingofthepointofgreatestmassintherotorbythesensor?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III


[2]

Machinebalancing:Whatwouldhappenifweperformedanoriginalrun,usinganaccelerometer
(mountedinlinewiththetachometer),andmeasuredavibrationreadingof0.5Gsandaphase
angleof0andthenplacedthetrialweightoppositethetachometer(i.e.180)?(Assumearigid
rotorandatrialweightwithenoughmasstosignificantlyaffectthevibrationreading.)
A.
B.
C.
D.

[3]

Thevibrationlevelwoulddecrease
Thevibrationlevelwouldincrease
Thevibrationreadingwouldnotchange
Notenoughinformation

Whathappenstothephaseangleasamachinespeedisincreasedtowardsthefirstcriticalspeed?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[4]

Page 10 of 35

Nothing
Nothinguntilthemachinespeedreachesthecriticalspeed;thenitshiftsby180
Itdecreases
Itincreases

Whatisthedifferencebetweenrelativephaseandabsolutephase?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[5]

Whataretwobenefitsofrelativephase?

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_________________________________________________________________________________________

DIAGNOSINGFAULTSWITHPHASEANALYSIS
Forthefollowingquestionstherelativevibrationlevelscanbeinterpretedasfollows:

Highvibration:

Lowvibration:

NOTE: For your own benefit, try to answer these questions before
referring to the training manual

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Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

[1]

Whichfaultconditionisindicatedbythefollowingbubblediagram?___________________

[2]

Whichfaultconditionisindicatedbythefollowingbubblediagram?___________________

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Page 12 of 35

[3]

Whichfaultconditionisindicatedbythefollowingbubblediagram?___________________

[4]

Whichfaultconditionisindicatedbythefollowingbubblediagram?___________________

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Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

[5]

Whichfaultconditionisindicatedbythefollowingbubblediagram?___________________

[6]

Whichfaultconditionisindicatedbythefollowingbubblediagram?___________________

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[7]

Page 14 of 35

Whichfaultconditionisindicatedbythefollowingbubblediagram?___________________

DYNAMICSandRESONANCES
[1]

Namethreetypesofdamping.

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_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[2]

Provideexamplesofdampinginrotatingmachinery

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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Page 15 of 35
[3]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Inthefollowingequation,whatdoes

f (t ) kx cv x mx

represent?

A. Stiffness
B. Damping
C. Mass
[4]

Inthefollowingequation,whatdoes

f (t ) kx cv x mx

represent?

A. Stiffness
B. Damping
C. Mass.
[5]

Inthefollowingequation,whatdoes

f (t ) kx cv x mx

represent?

A. Stiffness
B. Damping
C. Mass.
[6]

Inthefollowingequation,whatdoes

f (t ) kx cv x mx

represent?

A. Displacement
B. Velocity
C. Acceleration
[7]

Inthefollowingequation,whatdoes

f (t ) kx cv x mx

represent?

A. Displacement
B. Velocity
C. Acceleration
[8]

Inthefollowingequation,whatdoes

f (t ) kx cv x mx

represent?

A. Displacement
B. Velocity
C. Acceleration

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[9]

Page 16 of 35

IfyouperformedaBodeplotandyounoticedthatamplitudewashighinacertainspeedrange
butthephasedidnotchangesubstantially,whatwouldyouconclude?
A. Theredefinitelyisaresonance
B. TheredefinitelyisNOTaresonance
C. Thereprobablyisnotaresonance

[10]

Ifyouperformedarundowntest(asshownbelow)andsawthattheamplitudewashighina
certainspeedrangeandthephasedidchangeby180,whatwouldyouconclude?

A. Theredefinitelyisaresonance
B. TheredefinitelyisNOTaresonance
C. Thereprobablyisnotaresonance
[11]

IfyouperformedarundowntestandwitnessedaBodeplotasdescribedinquestion10,andthen
repeatedthetesttwoweekslatertofindthatthenaturalfrequencywashigherthanitwas
previously(buttheamplitudeatthenaturalfrequencyhadnotchangedsubstantially),what
wouldyouconclude?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[12]

Themachinewasrunningatahigherspeed
Bracinghadbeenaddedtoincreasethestiffness
Sandbagsorsomeotherformofweightwasaddedtothemachine
Someonemusthaveaddeddampingtothemachine

Basedonthetestdatainquestion10,wouldyousaythemachinewaslightlydampedorheavily
damped?
A. Lightlydamped
B. Heavilydamped

[13]

Ifyounoticedthatthe1xvibrationinahorizontallyorientedmotorwasmuchhigher(>4Xhigher)
inthehorizontaldirectionthantheverticaldirection,whatwouldyouconclude?
A. Themachine(orthestructuresupportingthemachine)musthavearesonancethat
causesittovibrateinthehorizontaldirection
B. Thestructuresupportingthemachinemustbeweakorlooseinthehorizontaldirection.
C. EitherAorBcouldbecorrect.Additionaltestswouldberequiredtodistinguishbetween
thesetwopossiblefaultconditions.

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[14]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Isthefollowingshapethefirst,second,orthirdbendingmode?

A. Firstbendingmode
B. Secondbendingmode
C. Thirdbendingmode
[15]

Howmanynodesdoesthismodeshapehave?

A.
B.
C.
D.
[16]

1
2
3
4

Howmanyantinodesdoesthismodeshapehave?

A.
B.
C.
D.

1
2
3
4

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[17]

Page 18 of 35

IsthevalueofthetamarkedbyAmorelikelytobe0.05,0.5or1.0?

A. 0.05
B. 0.5
C. 1.0

OPERATINGDEFLECTIONSHAPES(ODS)
[1]

Whatmethodofdatacapturemustyouuseifyouwishtovisualizethemotion(deflectionshape)
atmultiplefrequencies(notjustrunningspeed)?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[2]

WhatisthemaindifferencebetweenODSandmodalanalysis?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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[3]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

WhataretheprimaryreasonstoperformanODStest?

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_________________________________________________________________________________________
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[4]

WhenperforminganODStestwithtwoaccelerometers,whatprecautionsshouldyoutakewhen
selectingthelocationofthereferenceaccelerometer?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[5]

WhenperforminganODStestwithtwoaccelerometers,whatprecautionsshouldyoutakewhen
selectingthelocationoftherovingaccelerometer?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[6]

CanyouperformanODStestonamachinethatisfrequentlychangingspeedandload?Explain
youranswer.
A. Yes
B. No

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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[7]

Page 20 of 35

HowdoestimebasedODSdifferfromfrequencybasedODS?

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MODALANALYSIS
[1]

Whatdoesthecoherencemeasurementtellyou?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[2]

Whenperformingamodaltest,whatprecautionsshouldonetakewhenselectingthelocationof
thereferencelocation?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[3]

Whenperformingamodaltest,whatprecautionsshouldyoutakewhenselectingthelocationof
therovingaccelerometer?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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[4]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

WhatistheFrequencyResponseFunction?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[5]

Nametwodifferentwaystoperformamodalanalysistest.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
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_________________________________________________________________________________________
[6]

Describetheimportantcharacteristicsofthehammerusedintheimpacttest.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
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_________________________________________________________________________________________
[7]

Describeanimportantprecautionthatmustbetakenwhenimpactingastructure(beyondnot
damagingthestructure).

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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[8]

Page 22 of 35

Whenperformingamodaltestwithaforcehammer,whatplotsdoesonetypicallywanttolook
atforeachtestpoint?

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_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

CORRECTINGRESONANCESANDREDUCINGVIBRATION
[1]

Ifitwasdeterminedthatthespeedofamachinecoincidedwithanaturalfrequency,namefour
possiblecoursesofactiontodealwiththesituation.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[2]

Ifitwasdeterminedthatastructurehadanaturalfrequencyclosetotherunningspeedofthe
machine,anditwasnotpossibletochangethespeedofthemachine,whatprecautionswould
youtakewhendesigningyourstructuralmodifications?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[3]

TwodifferentstructuresweretestedandtheirBodeplotsaredisplayedbelow.Whichstructure
hasthehighestQ?

A. Machine1
B. Machine2
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[4]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Whatisatunedabsorber?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[5]

Whyarenttunedabsorberswellsuitedtomachinesthatvaryinspeed?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[6]

Whyorwhenisisolationused?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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[7]

Page 24 of 35

Areisolatorsdesignedsothattheirnaturalfrequencyisabove,equalto,orbelowtherunning
speedofthemachine?

A. Belowmachinerunningspeed
B. Equaltotherunningspeed
C. Abovetherunningspeed
[8]

Whenamachineismountedonisolatorsorresilientmounts,whatcanhappenwhenthemachine
startsup(orisrundown)?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[9]

Whatissueshavetobetakenintoaccountwhenspecifyingisolators?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

JOURNALBEARINGANALYSISANDORBITS
[1]

Doesthevoltageoutputofthenoncontacteddycurrent(proximity)probeincreaseordecrease
astheshaftismovedclosertotheprobe?
A. Increase
B. Decrease
C. Willnotchange

[2]

Whatisthepurposeofslowrollsubtraction(glitchremoval)?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[3]

Whichmeasurement,AorB,representsaneccentricityratioof0.8(approximately)?

A. MeasurementA
B. MeasurementB

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[4]

Page 26 of 35

Giventhefollowingcenterlinediagramwherewouldthecenteroftheshaftnormallybelocated
whenthemachineisatrest?

A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
[5]

PositionA
PositionB
PositionC
PositionD
PositionE

Whatisthedifferencebetweenthedirectandfilteredsignal?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
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_________________________________________________________________________________________
[6]

Describethevibrationprecessionofanorbit.

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_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[7]

Whenusingaconventionaldatacollectortoperformorbitanalysis,wouldyounormallysetyour
datacollectortolowresolution(e.g.100lines)orhighresolution(e.g.1600lines)?
A. Lowresolution
B. Highresolution
C. Itisanorbit,itdoesnotmatter

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[8]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Whatdoesacircularorbitindicate?

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_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[9]

Whatdoesitmeanifthefilteredorbitisheavilyelliptical?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[10]

Whatdoesitmeaniftheorbitisdistortedortwisted?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[11]

List5commonfaultconditionsinjournalbearings.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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Page 28 of 35

ROLLINGELEMENTBEARINGANALYSIS
[1]

Withtheinnerracespinning,aninnerracedefectwilltypicallyproduce
A.
B.
C.
D.

[2]

Anonsynchronouspeak
Anonsynchronouspeakwithharmonics
Anonsynchronouspeakwithshaftratesidebands
Asubsynchronouspeak

Namefourrootcausesofrollingelementbearingwear.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[3]

Describetheprogressionofrollingelementbearingwearfromtheearlieststagesuptofailurein
theidealcase

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[4]

Describethefourrecommendationsmadeinthecourseregardinghowtoutilizedemodulated
dataandhowthisrelatestomakingrepairrecommendations.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[5]

Describethegeneralpatternsproducedbytheinnerrace,outerraceandball/rollerfaults.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

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Page 29 of 35

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

GEARBOXANALYSIS
[1]

Whatarethefirst10primenumbers?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[2]

Iftheinputgearhas31teethandtheoutputgearhas19teeth,whatarethecommonfactors?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[3]

Iftheinputgearhas30teethandtheoutputgearhas18teeth,whatarethecommonfactors?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[4]

Allofthem
9onthe18toothgearand15onthe30toothgear
2onthe18toothgearand3onthe30toothgear
3onthe18toothgearand5onthe30toothgear

Iftheinputgearhas30teethandtheoutputgearhas18teeth,whatisthehuntingtooth
frequency(asamultipleofrunningspeed)?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[7]

1X
6X
18X
30X

Theinputgearhas30teethandtheoutputgearhas18teeth.Ifonetoothisdamagedonthe
gearwith18teeth,howmanyteethwilleventuallybedamagedoneachofthegears?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[6]

1
1,2,3
1,2,5
1,2,3,5

Iftheinputgearhas30teethandtheoutputgearhas18teeth,whatisthegearassemblyphase
frequency(asamultipleofrunningspeed)?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[5]

1
1,31and19
1,3,and11
Therearenonetheyareprimenumbers

0.33X
0.11X
0.6X
30X

Iftheinputgearhas28teethandtheoutputgearhas24teeth,whatistheproductofthe
commonprimefactors?
A.
B.
C.
D.

2X
4X
12X
28X

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[8]

Page 30 of 35

Whatarethethreecommonconfigurationsofaplanetarygear?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[9]

Whataresomecommonvibrationtests(includedataformats)thatareusedforanalyzing
gearboxes?Whattechnologiesbesidesvibrationanalysisareuseful?

_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
[10]

Ifawormgearhasaninputspeedof30Hzandanoutputspeedof10Hzandthewormwheelhas
40teeth,howmanyflightsarethere?
A.
B.
C.
D.

[11]

7.5
13.3
120
0.75

IftheFmaxwas4000Hz,andtheresolutionwassetto800lines,howmanytimesampleswould
beacquiredpertoothmeshiftheinputspeedofthegearboxwas30Hzandthepinionhad33
teeth?Howmanyrevolutionsoftheinputgearwouldbepresentinthetimewaveform?

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ELECTRICMOTORS
[1]

Aneccentricstator(withanunevenstationaryairgap)willproduce...
A.
B.
C.
D.

[2]

ahigh1Xpeakatthemotorrunningspeed
increasedamplitudeattwicelinefrequency
harmonicsof1Xwithpolepasssidebands
subsynchronousvibration

Aneccentricrotor(withavaryingairgap)willproduce...
A.
B.
C.
D.

ahigh1Xpeakatthemotorrunningspeed
apeakattherotorbarfrequencywithtwicelinefrequencysidebands
increasedamplitudeattwicelinefrequency,withpolepasssidebands
harmonicsof1Xwithpolepasssidebands

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[3]

Acrackedrotorbarwillproduce...
A.
B.
C.
D.

[4]

ahigh1Xpeakatthemotorrunningspeed
apeakattherotorbarfrequencywithtwicelinefrequencysidebands
increasedamplitudeattwicelinefrequency,withpolepasssidebands
harmonicsof1Xwithpolepasssidebands

Looserotorbarswillproduce...
A.
B.
C.
D.

[5]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

ahigh1Xpeakatthemotorrunningspeed
apeakattherotorbarfrequencywithtwicelinefrequencysidebands
increasedamplitudeattwicelinefrequency,withpolepasssidebands
harmonicsof1Xwithpolepasssidebands

Inamotorrunningat1740RPM.Whatisthepolepassfrequency?
A.
B.
C.
D.

60RPM
120RPM
120Hz
240RPM

BALANCING
[1]

Ifvibrationreadingsindicatedahighdisplacementvibrationreadingat30shouldyouplacethe
trialweightat210?
A. Yes,thatwillbalancethemachine
B. Itdependswhetherthemachinehasarigidorflexiblerotor,andwhetherthemachineis
beingoperatedanywherenearthenaturalfrequency.
C. No,itshouldbeplacedat30
D. Noitshouldbeplacedat120

[2]

Ifarotor(supportedbytwobearings,oneateachend)thatnormallyturnsat1800RPMweighed
90kgandwehadtoplacebalanceweightsataradiusof350mm,whichofthefollowingavailable
balanceweightswouldyouuseasatrialweight?(Note:Wisingrams)
A.
B.
C.
D.

4kg
40grams
4grams
24grams

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Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

[3]

Page 32 of 35

ExplainwhattheO,TandO+Tvectorsrepresent.

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Page 33 of 35
[4]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Whatisthemagnitudeofthesumofthefollowingvectors:4milsat60degreesand3milsat150
degrees

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[5]

Theoriginalrunis4milsat60degrees.A1ouncebalanceweightisaddedat60degrees.The
trialrunresultsinavectorof3mils@150degrees.Calculatethefinalbalanceweightandangle.

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[6]

Youneedtoplaceabalanceweightof10gramsat30degreesbutyouonlyhaveholesavailableat
0degreesand45degrees.Howmuchweightmustbeputineachoftheseholes?

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Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Page 34 of 35

DIAGNOSINGMACHINEFAULTS
[1]

Whatiswrongwiththismachine?Pleasebrieflyexplainwhyyouhavecometothisconclusion.
(NotethattheLandRphasereadingsareaxialreadingstakenontheleftandtherightofthe
shaft.Theaxialphasereadingshavebeenadjustedasiftheywerealltakeninthesame
direction.)

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Page 35 of 35
[2]

Vibration Training Activity Booklet CAT III

Whatiswrongwiththismachine?Pleasebrieflyexplainwhyyouhavecometothisconclusion.

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Document ID: ABIII 120108

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