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H. Gromeka, Apercu de la theorie des phenom`enes


capillaires. Theorie de la cohesion superficielle des
liquides, Mat. Sb., 1879, Volume 9, Number 3, 435500
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Teopifl ctei .
(

21- 1878 ).

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^) T h e o r i e de la figure de la t e r r e . 1 7 4 1 .
) D e figuris superficierum fluidorum. Comment, soc sclent. Gott. 175L

28*

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2 ) M e c a n i q u e celeste. T . l Y .
) P r i n c i p i a generalia t h e o r i a e fluidorum in statu aequlibrii. Gauss W e r ke. T . V.

437

, 1

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1 8 3 1 . N o n v e l l e t h e o r i e d e T a c

tion c a p i l l a i r e
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1 . . . . 1851.
^) D e aequilibrio fluidorum. Dissertatio inauguralis. 1859.
-, 6.

438
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Bois-Rey-

1 . , ,1 T o o p i n
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Almeida,

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-, 12, Problema 1.
') Denkschriften der Berl. . 1845, 1846.
Journal d'Almeida. . I.

439
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Van-der-Mensdrugghedi.,

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Sur la capillarite. Duclaux. E x t r a i t d'un travail inedit: T h e o r i e


m e n t a i r e de la capillarite'*. J o u r n a l d'Almeida. 1872.

ele-

') Comptes rendus, . 64, 1867. - A t h . D u p r e .

440
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441

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*) L a p l a c e . Mecanique Celeste. . IV, Supplement, p . 34.


2 ) Poisson. Nouvelle t h e o r i e de Taction capillaire, p . 168.
J b i d . p . 160168.
) D e aequilibrio fluidorum, 12, P r o b l e m a IV.

-
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1. 1,
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ds.
1 1 :
(1) | - b J X ^ c ? s = 0 , J7pc7a-i-j 7 ^ 1 = 0 , j Z p c K l - i - J ^ ^ f e O ,

(2)

^^{XzZx)dCl-^^{X^zZ,^x)ds=0,

,
,
.
.

444

( 1 )

,
X^=X^csnx
(3)

^ = y^csnx--

X^csny-^X/'sm
-- ^80

Z^Z^csnx-i-ZyCsnjj-i-Z.^csm.

jX^ds, ^y^ds^ J^n^^
'1
1 paBHOBicia -:

(4)

f -

' (2)
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445
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dz J

dz

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Z

t ,

(6)

7;-|-=

Sv, Sw

x-i-u^

(6)

otvdxdydz,
^,

y~f-v,

oudxdydz,

z-^w.

SvdxdydZj

446

- ,
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= 5 ; . .

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di

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447

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1
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448
1 paBHOBtcia,

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^ :

2
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449
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29

450

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1
1,
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dl.
jadi=q,
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q '1

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dl ,
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. '1.
q. dl
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1, dl
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, '1 1
paBHOB-bcia :

{Pp)csnxds
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--jqcsmxdl=0

J(Pp)csnydsjqQ>smydl=0

j (Pp)

csnzds^qcsmzdl=0.

29*

452

J(Pp){ycsnzzcsny)ds^^q{ycsmz^zcsmy)dl^
(2)

^{Pp){2Csnxxcsnz)dsjq{0Csmxxcsmz)dl=O
^{Pp){xcsnyycsnx)ds

3.

^q{xcsmy'ycsmx)

dl=0.

1 -

1 ,

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Jcf/.

Eg 1

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'. F

d,

d.

dx

dy

, - - Xj ^ z^
Z
.

.
jdl

.^.r[d(F.csnx)
J

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^.

I
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'd{F.csnx)
dx

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dy

_^

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453
cslxcsnycslycsnx

dxdy=z

=tzcsm^,

dbcsnzds,

,
Z. :
'd{Fxsnx)

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(4)

d{Fcsny)'

csnzds.

dy

dx

Tcopin .

(5)

dcsnx

dcsny\

BM^flCTBie

F.csmzdl

csnzds

==

(6)
dF
dx

csnx-+-~

dF

\
csnyj csnzds.

F
, :

csmzdl

(7)

=
1 (0)

==,

^ycsmzdl

-(^-^^

csnzds

csnycsnzds.

zcsmydl=:J

^(^^-

csnyds

^csnzcsnydSj

, , :

454

(8)

j ^ ~

{ycsmz zcsmy)dl=:

{ycsnzzcsny)ds

4 . 1 (7) (8), a

*).

(6), ] ' ,

, ,
,

.
1)

(7) ^^^^
csmzdl=Q^

. , ,

(6) , 2/ ^

F=y.
B^=Bc^~cs:> csny=csnz=Oy

^ijcsmzdl=:0^

(6)
zy F=z.
d^

dz

dx

dy

'csnx

'csny

csnz

TO, Fz^ 1 (6)


{cs\4X-~cs^ny)ds.
, csnx=l^

csny,

jzcsmzdl=^jds^

*) 1 (4) (7) 11
. Laplace
Mecanique Celeste, . IV. Supplement la t h e o r i e de F a c
tion capillaire. p . 1214. Poisson, Nouvelle theorie de Faction capillaire
p . 159, p . 7 3 7 4 . 1 (8) BMiiCj'li (7) Du
Bois-Eaymond'oArb , J ) i s s e r t a t i o inauguralis de aequilibrio fluido
r u m " , 1859, 1) 11 .

455

5) 1:^

' '.

15 ,
4 .
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1.

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4 1. , ,

(6), (7),

( 8 ) . H a e i e - ,
,

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6. 1 (1).
, 1 ( 6 ) ,

J ()

csmds

\dx

q, ^ - -

csnzds=

dy

:
~

P - p~~q
^

/ 1
^

1 \
dq
dq
I 77- ) - I " " csnx-i- -7- csnx
, /
dx
dy

csnzds0.

1
, . ,

z , ,
1 :

456

(9)

P-t^,

(^^i-)

(:0)

csm,=0.

* q
1 q=f
{,
z), Z
.
dq

dq

dqdz

dx

dx

dz dx^ dy

dq _dq
dy

dqdz
dz dy

Ho
csnx: csny: csnz=
^

dz dz
: ^ :
dx dy

1;
'

JT
dq

dq
dq
-r'csnz3^
csnx
dz

dx

csnz

^
dq _
dx

dq

dq
csnz 3 ^ csny
dy
dz
^ ^
csnz

41 :
dq
dq
dq
-:r csnxcsnz
csnz csnx ~ i
dx
dx
dz
dq
dq
dq ,
csny csnz ^ csnzcsny ^^^^-^

0= 3 ^ csnzcsnz -^csnz,
dz
dz

457
,

csnx-i- ^

csny^

csnz=

^ ,

/cfg

^dq

dq

dq

'1 1 (10)
. a p a e i e 1 z
,

1 -

'1 1:

dq
=
dz

<")

dq
csnz
dn

I='I
dq
=
dx

dq
csnx.
dn

t 1
. cs{n,

t)=0.

^ =

dt

^ csxt-i- ~ csyt^

dx

(11)

dy

~ cszL

dz

458

, q

7 .

1,

. ( 1 )
(2) q , , ( 7 ) ( 8 ) ( 9 ) .

1 paBHOBbcia
:

(12)
q =

consl^

,
1


poopioaa

OTHOfflenie

1 ^

8. q
1 .

, ,

1* , p r i o r i

1 ,

, ,
'

*) 1 Hagen'oMb
: p a e i . P o g g .
Annalen. 1846, 67, . 2 0 2 4 . ,,Ueber die Oberflache der Flussigkeiten".
**) Poisson, Nouvelle theorie de Taction c a p i l l a i r e " . p . 102, 103. ' , 1
c1ei ^, Poisson p r i o r i

459
,

-
( 1 2 )
<

; q

.~. ,
, .
,
, 1)1
( 1 2 ) , ; 1
q .
9. 1 ( 1 )
,
( 2 ) . (3).
^

1)

1 1
^ ^ = ^ 1 2 ? 2 ) ( 1 ) , - (3) vj^g 1 ^, 3) -1 (2)
(3), yjgg 1 q^s^
,

,
, 1 ,

1
, ,

1 1
1.

ABEFDC

460

,,,]^

11

mjg^ ^ ,

,
^^133
' ^ CD,
EF.

, ^'
. 1.

ycoi

1, 1
, 1

. : 1) 1
BFXdIiSB

ABEFDC^

dl^^^^

, , 2)

11 HOB-bcie

-, 3)

4 1 - '1
-

1 '1
BE

. * 1

41


(13)

q^^csm^c^X'\-q^^csm^^x-^q^xsm^^X'^r^^,^csnx=Q^

X 1 1.
x^d\^^

(^,

( 1 3 )

X II ^ , ' csm^^x=csi^ csm^^x=\^ csm^.x=. 1, csnx=Q^

csm^^x=

sini,

461

\\

csnx=l,

"

cs^^x=csm^.^x=OJ

(13) :

1 (13)

'1 -

(14)

csi=

(15)

^BIZ^IL,
r,,,=q,,sini.

, i ^^^
jdl^c,^^

,
.

; . , ( 1 4 ) ,
,
.
^, , s m > - 0 ,
? 1 2 < 0 . ,
, 1 , 1 ,

-.

.
( 1 5 ) , <^90^ Qu2<Jlis^ ^
> 9 0 ^ q^^^q^^.
q^.^
( . ),
,

, i < ^ 9 0 ^ > 9 0 ^
( 1 ) ,
(3) ;
' ^ ,
, .
10.
,
,

1 1 - .

462

1 .
(1)
(2),
' ( 3 ) . pi 2
, p^

, .

. ds^2j ^ ^ ^ ? ^^^-23
.

dSi^,

(2) ,
1

^^^

1 z

1 .^, ^^.

cfs^g,

^^g^,

1 ^^, ^^

"^'^^ ~^'^'

ds^^.

dz~^'^

^-^-oZ

(1) ,

(2) ;
(16)

Pi4.\^^2i

^ds^^,

P3p^=qi^A^^

JcfSi3,

p^p4=q^^A^2

^ 5 ^ _ ^ 2

jc^s^,,

?/,,

^
11.

463

q^^, q^^ ^?

(1), -

: q^^

, ^123
.
,

'1.
Xj , Z

Iv^ ow.

1 2 9

[ds^^

'

jc??i23)
?/^2 j^s^s?

'

1 w ^ ^ , Wgg.
,

^^,,

.- :

ouxsn^^x-^-'lv

.csn^xy-\-lw

xsn^^zln^^.

1 ^ ',
1 ^ ? ^ m ^ j ,


^^. 4

2?

Jcfei2; (Sir^g, q^^ Siz^^^


23; ,

0(0,23 Jcfej^ '

^ ^
jcf5^2j ^ ^ . , Baain

(16)
^'^12=?i

2 lJA

ds, 2 - p m , 2 dl^,,\

464

T e o p i f l , ,
q,^^ 11
jds,^, .-.


(17)

Siz,,=.qjjds,,.


* (1) ' (3)
(18)

^^u^qJSds,,.

1 S(b^^^ ' J c ? / ^ 2 3 - nenie


5w,23'*-?12QX2-b3i3^'^13-+-g23^^23-*-^123^4l=0?

, '
, ^.
1 ( 1 3 ) ^
(19)

5co,,3=0.

( 1 7 ) , ( 1 8 ) ( 1 9 ) ,

- ( )
- 1,
41
*).
-, 1 cia , ,
^
.
( 1 ) , ( 3 )
*) 1 1
. Gauss W e r k e , . V.
statu

aequilibri.

Principia

generalia

theoriae

fluidorum

in

465

(2).

'

Uj . - .

1 1


jjjp^.SUdxclydzj
1

. '
jpjn.^ds,,

fpjn.^ds^,.

,
, r^^g,
1
r,,,fSn,,dl,,,.

///^*

^^^dxdydz,


(20) JJJp,5Udxdydz-^jjjp,

8Mxdydz-^^p2on^i

ds^2

2^/^^13^

1, 1

1 1 ( 10).
1 (20) ,
. IX, , , . L

30

466

spiniK,
' .
,

^|^5i2<<0, q,c^= ci^,^

'-

,.^^,

q,^

q^^^ds,^

'

^ds,^
, , 1 , 11 1

. 1

(20)

^dl^^^^ .

ypaBHCHie (20) -

1 paBHOB-bcie , ,
1 2 . ,
1 ,
,

'1


.' ,
^ '1 ,
, 1 . 1 1
, .

' ;
4 .
4, 9 DFydl,^^,,

467

'1,

dl,^^. ,
w ^ 2 3 '1
^ , - ( 1 4 )

(21)

ffi3)

^-

^^

1 ^dl,^.,

(21)

i
, , ,

, . ,

, 1
, )

^ .
^,2? ^

11

, . 5 ,

8 = 1 ,

==^52~?1"%2)

. ~ 0 ; , ( 3 )

(1).

.
, 4
.
1 3 . ^ , ,
1 1 ( 10)
.

z /,

30*

468
,

(1) (2),
(22)

9{p,Pi>^c,-c,=q,,A2,.

,
Z , ,

'.

1.

(22)

1) 1,

(1) 1

(2), .

(22) csn^^zds^.^

Jcfe^g?

,
jzcsn^

zds,

F;

Jc5^21

^ds^ 2 = 0 .

H a (7) JAi^csn^^zds,^^

,
.

(23)

, 1
,
, ,^,

469

(22),

A,^=const,1,

,=2

2) , (1)
/ 1,

1 ( 2 2 ) ^,=^,

zconst;

.
.

. , ,
' , ,
, .
,

( 2 2 ) :
(24)

{9-?^=(1, 21

,
1 0 1 ^,, ,

<^>0 ^ g i ^ t ) , ^ < ; 0

^ 2 1 < 0 . 5 ' ( ? 2 ~ P i ) ^ q,^


. 2 i 2 = ^ 1 2 ^

1,

, ^ ^ > 2 .

1.
3) 1 ,
,

\ds^2

, 1
.
.

.

470

? , ,
1

.
esn^^zds,^

1
. , p C 5 ^ 2 i ' ^ ^ ^ i 2 = ""^ ^^^
^zcsnzds-\-V,
V ,
1
. 1 (7)

jdl,

, , csmzO;
1

. .

. ,

1 4 . ,
, ,
, .

^dl

F ,
, ,

(24) csn^^zds^c^,

^dl ,
1 (7),

471
jzcsn2,zds,c^=

^ = 0 , jzcsn^,zds,^=V
.

dipipiW

12^81

(25)
9{Pi ) ^ = q t ^ j c s m z d l .

.
15. ,

^ ;
,
2 ) ^ =

Qi^smzdl,

(26)

9{?1--2)=--4(^^,
. ^
,

- . ,
csmz

csij

jdl=L,

9{Pi?i)y="-4i2Lcsi,

(27)
2 ) ^

Qi^Lcsi,

, jds,^
. jdl

dL
dl , csmzdl=

csi.dL,

( 2 6 )

472
( 2 7 )
ooei

F , -

, F

(1)

V. ' , = o ^ ^ ^ 2 ?

(27) *:

(28)

g{^,-^,)il.H=^\,Xxsi,

.
, , JR 1 ,
2^

(29)

=~^


16.

csi
.

lurin'a.

(1)

, -

, (1)
^=0.

(24).

F,

,
,

Z -

1, ,

Zsin^;=0.

^Zcs%,Zds,^,

csnZ=Oj

Z = 0 .

9{9i 2 ) V.siny=

g(9?2)S^csn,,Zds,,,

473
, 41

9{piP^) Vsiny=q,^JA2iCsn^,

Zds,^,

, (7),

gipi p2)Vsin^=qi

^smZdl.
dL

,
L

dl

, csmZ:dl=^

csi.dL,

:
(30)

g{pip,)ysm=

-q,,L.csL

V
;

,
.
^,

ViXH.

(31)

i7(p,,).=

-q,,L.csl

, ,
F . 1 (28) (31)
, ,

,

*).
1 7 . ( 2 7 ) , (28) (30)
, . 1 ,
, *) Laplace,
M e c a n i q u e Celeste, . IV., Supplem. p . 32; ^ , N o u
velle t h e o r i e de r a c t i o n capillaire, p . lb.Moutier,
j o u r n a l Almeida,T. 1.
Moutier
1 1 .

^
.

474

^^

(1), (2),
^

, .
Y

, Zsiny=:z.

J(f5,2,

cs%,Z,

jds,^

A V
F =

jZcsn^,Zds,2i

9{9i 92) V.siny^q,

.JA^, ,

,
^(pi2)
dL
,

Zds,,,

(7),

Vsin^=q,^jcsmZdL

dl

L
, csmZdl

csi.dL

/ ^
, jcsmZdlO

(7).

1 8 . ,
-

475

. ,
1, 2, 3
[ . *
-
( [ ) . (1) , F^,
Fg, (2), . .,
F|Li_i, (,1).
([i.),
,
( ( ) ,
. F^^ . .

F ^ = F , - b F 2 - b . . ..-f-F^^,.
, (1) (2),
ds,^, ^ds^^, . .
,

([1) (.).

ds^_,,^^

, (1) ( [ ) , d s , , ^ .


-^21)

.^2

^ 1 X 1 1 X ^ 1

1 ,
, ,
, .

P2''-Pix

,, 2 . . . . .

(10)

P\xPi=qi^\xAixn,

4 7 6

Jcfs^s, ^ds^^ . .,
. . 1 , Jc?5,2, J^^s^g
. .

ypaei

Cj, 2 , . . . . )

. 1 ,
,

(32)

^?(p32)^-+-

=2,

a Jcfe^jiu
(33)

9{9\^-9i

>^c^i

=4i

1 ^^/,

,^,

(32)
csn^^zds,^^ csn^^zds^^y....

cosn^^_,zdSyi^,yy^

1 .
1 . ,

. ., ,

1 ,

477

(34)

q,jA,,csn,,zds,,-^

dl,^, d\^,

. .

Jc?5^j, ^ds^^ . .,

m^g,

^ .

BHiniHia

, ,^, ^^

. .
,

L .
8,^,^=

c s i , ^ , d L , csm^^zdl^^=

csi^^dL

. .,

(7)
1 csn^, zds, 2 = j c s m , 2 zdl, ^ =
JA^^csn^^zds^^=^csm^^zdI^^=

?i2==

^'i2j

^23=

1
^23'

Lcsi^ ^,
Lcsi^^

. .

(34)

. .,

(35)

1
* .
, 1 ^
^ 1, .

1, 2,
[,
^,4, ^O,J....5O5M ' ^ * '
,
9-,
9i2^^?i2^90i?02=0
(36)

923^^^*23-*-?02~?03==0

478
,

qi,('Sh,'+'q,,csh,-^

-^qpi^i,piCsipi_,,^=q,^q,,.

'1 (35) :
(37)

^(, , - 2

. . . . - ^ ^,

F ^ _ , - ? ^ F ^ ) = ( ( ? o i

-9)-^

. ([),
, ,
( ) , , 11 ,

*).
1 9 . , (37)
( 9 ) ,
1

, 1.

1 ( .
12),

(36),

q,,csi,,-i-q,,~q,,-i-u,,,=0
(38)

qt3CSh,-^q^,q,,-^n,,,0

*) Laplace, . Cel. Supplement au X livre, p . 26. Poisson,


Nou
velle Theorie, p . 76; p. 142. 1 (37), *, 6 9 7 1 , ,
1 Quincke, P o g g . Annal. 1870.
. 4 5 4 6 . 'Kwhsi cooTHomeHiH,
1 (34), , -
- .

479

,

1,

( 1 2 ) ,
1

- ,

'1.

(38) 1 (35), (37) :

(39)



,
1,
.

'

(37).

(35), (37), (39),

1
1 .
20.

(1),

(2)
(3)

.
:

(40)

5^(2.>-,c,=?,24i-

, ^,

, ( 4 0 ) ,
^,
,

4 8 0
]

4 ,

Pi>p2.

^,

,<^^.

,
' ( 3 ) .
,
,

<?i2=

(41)

9i?-?i)^=<2B-a\,.A,,.

^^^,

, i i ,

9[?i - 2 ) F = a ^ 2 {Bil^
BiT>^csmzdL

fcsmzdl)

1
1 ,
1

* . csmz 4
;

2 ^ 1

csmz

csmzdl=2T:r.csm0.

,
,

1^

csmz
^

'

-*

, *) -

*) ^, csmz ' 1 41,


,
csmz
, ,,
.

481

, 1
.

4 < 2

- ,
.
( 4 1 ) ,

, ,
,

1.
(41) cs%,zds,^y

,
9{9i^h)y=

oL\^[Ba-i-fcsmzdiy

, p i < p , ,
(42)

-^8>0,

,
= 7 ^ , =

jcsmzdl=:2Tircsmz.

(42),

. 1 1
, pi<^pj,

. , , Pi^^p,,
, ,

1
,
,

1-

, . IX, 11.. 1.

31

482

. , 1
,
.
,
,
*).
,

. (41), csn^,0ds,^
,

(43)

^ (, ,) =\,

{Ba-Lsini)

, ,

g{p,^?,)V=%\,{Ba'-^Lsini),
i .
2 1 . (1),
(2),
. 1,
paBHOBicie. ,
.
, , ,

z=xtg':f.
^ , :

, '
*) Du Bois-Raymond

P o g g . Ann. 1870, 139 . 263265)
1 .
, 1 c H e n i f l ,

483 ~

, zz'sin(^~\'XCS(!^.

' 1 cs%^z'ds,^

poei . ,

8^^=^

, ,

F , :

, ( 7 ) ,
9[?i )

V.sin(^~q^2\csm^^z'dl.

/ 1 1,

, i
,
csm,^/==csicskz\

(^) V.sin(jj>=q^ ^ csi, ^cskz'dl.


,

(44)

g{p,~p^)r.si^0.

( 7 ) , jcsJcz'dlO,

-^
.
1

81=0,


9 = 0 ; . .

.
1
, , , 1 -

31*

484
(. 9) ']1
1

. ,
q, 2 csm,/-^{q,

,q,,)

( 12)

csb'=0,

q, ^^csm, ^0'dl= {q^ ^q,^


H o

)jcskz'dl=0.

1 ^^, , ,
1

J(?5^2?
q, 2 cs^ 2 ^ '

(?13 ? 2 )

cskZ'^u,^^cskz'=0,

q,^jcsni/dl=

^^u^^^cskzdl.

,
,

. ^u^^^csk/dl^

, ,
, 1

1 . 1 1

485
2 2 . (1),
HOBicin

' (3)

( 2 ) .

1 '

90^.

'

,
z=zsm^'\'Xcs^,
, ,

9 (2 - Pi)(/5 -H^'cscp)-i-c, , =q, 2 , .


' csn^^zds,^

, csnz=()

^ds,^.

F , ,

9(192)^^21(^^2^'^1.
i

,
.

i,

csm,^z'csi

cskz\

Jcsm, 2 zdl=s csi. J c s k z d l ,

, (7),
^csm, 2 zdlcsi^A,

3 csn^^zds^ 3,

cs?^/=0,

^A,^csn,.^z'ds,^'=^^.

(45)

Kpi-p2)^-si^?=0-

486
1 , , 9 = 0 , . .

.
paBHOB-bcin.
1

(3)

| c ? 5 i 2 1
,

cie .

. 1 i ,
1

, *),

1 ^.
2 3 . (1), (2) (3), 1 , ,

, -

1 , jdl^^^.
,

,
^ ^ 2 3 , ds^^.


jds,2,

J^^23j fds^i

,
ycoix 1 .

|cf?i23

*) ' 1
, 41
. '
. , ,
1 (45). . Poisson, Nonvelle theorie, p . 250.


BBEQF

487

, -

. ^

FG

1 ,

. 2.

1 BBEQF,

, dl,^^.
1,
BEXdh,2^
?2? 91

dl,^^
Jtfegs, \ds^,.

CBXdl,^,

GFXdl,^3^

^^, ^^ ^, ,

q,^,

^ds,^,

, 1) ,

1 1 2)
1

EG,

1 1 ,
,
(46)

^ 1 2 CSm, 2 ^ -*-g'2 3

FG.

1:
S^-^^Sl

<^^^3 1 ^ = J

X 1

1.

1 , B b c i e q,^, 5^23? ' ' 1


. (J,
i,,
:

{^^, mgg), (^-23 ^ 3 1 )

^, 1

488

4^- =

(46)
\ ^

4 ^

sim^
Q^nn/i

Sim,

H-i

sim^

//

0 4 / M

'

i,-^-h^uo\
^

, ,
5,2,

5> 9 1 )

1 3 , ^, ^, 180^ * ) .
paBHOBbcie
,
q^,

i,,

q,^, ^ g , ,

q,^, q^^^ q^^

i j , (46). ,


. q
,

1 .

1 . ,

, ,
.
2 4 . (1),
,

.
1
.

(2) (3).

10-,
Pi=9Pi^-^o,,

,=2^-*-,,

,=,^-^,

*) Neumann'^
1 1) Bois
16, P r o b l e m a I I I ) .

Raymond'>

(De aequilibrio

fluidorum",

1859,

489


jds,^

Jc?S2,.

jds,^,

(47)

^CPI-PS)^-^^!=?1,,
2 > - * - ^ 3 ^2

= ? 2 3

csn^^zds,^,
csn^^zds,^, csn^^zds^^,

^ds^^,

,
. , :
//(2Pl)p^S^2l^^5,2+^7(p,-P)/Ml^t?5,3-
' * " ^ / ( p | 2 )pCSW'32^^523-H(C2

)|cS/?.2,^dS,

(48)

1 (7)

1:

j{q,^csm,^z-^q,,csm,,z~h'q,,csm,,z)dl,,,,
1 (46) .

(48).
,

,
^ 2 = ^ 3 .


( ^ 2 ^ 1 ) / ^ ^ ^ ' 2 1 ^ds, 2 - {, c^)jcsn,

3 zds,

(^2Ci)jcsn^,zds,c^-i-{c^^ Ci)^cs%,zds,^

3 =

(^2 ^ ^ ) [/C5^21 ^ds, 2 H - jcsn^ 1 Zds, 3 ] .

,
,

490
, .

(48) '1

{^^8 2 zdsc^
(49)

fzc8n., Ms,

9?-2

ij^csn,

)-^1

(fzcsfi, ^ zds,^4~(zcsn,

zds, -i-jzcsn^
2

^d^^2 3 ) = 0

zds,

3 )

(1) V,^
( 3 ) , , ,
(2),
, V^=V,-^V^. ,
jzcsn,,zds,,'^fzc8n,,zd:s,,=

^ZCSn, 2 Zds^ 2 -4-JSCSn, 3 zds, 3 =


jzcsn, ^ z d s , 2 -^-jzcsn^c^zds^^

^1,
.

1 ( 4 9 ) .
(50)

5'p2'^2=i7Pi^i-b-.9P3l^3,

, ^ ,
,
, .
, (1)
^ds^^,

,
nie

491

4 , 1 .

1
25.

Edb{xcsn,^z'ZCsn,.^x)ds,s,TipeThe

m%'^ipm{4:7)ESi,ixcsn^,z~zGn^,x)ds,^,

{xcsn^2Zzcs.^.2x)ds^^,

.
9{?2 ^ 1 )J [^'.snc,,zz^csn^iX)ds,
~ ^ 9 { ? i ) j

( * 2 )j

(51)

4-{c,

i^oocsn, ,z-z^csn,

2 -
ds,,

(, z zcs , x) ds\ ^

c^)j(xcsn,^zzcsn,.^x)ds,,^'-t

(C^

2) ({8 2 ZZCSn^

= ^ 2 1 / ^ 21 (^C'5>^21 zzcsn^,

2^)

x) ds,,

^^A, 3 (^^^^ 3 <^zcsn^ 3 ^r) (is^ 3 -- + ^3

24 2

(.^r;s;^ 3 2 0

Ha
1

j[x(q2, csm^ ,z~\-q,,


z{q,,

zcsn, ^ x) ds, ^.

(8) 1

csm,, z^q,

csm^, x-\- q^ 3 csm, 3 x-i~q,

(51)

^ csm, ,z)

2 csm, 2 ^ ) ]

2 '

, 1 ( 4 6 ) , .
* 6 ^ 3 = ^ 2 ,
^ (51)
. , csn.^z^ csn^^z . .,

(C2Ci)[jxcsn,2,zds,,

'V^^xcs^,zds,^

{o2o,)[jzcsn.2,xds^,

-^'^zcsn^,xds.^J,

492

,
.
(51),

, -

^9

Pa [^^ i^ds^,-^^zxcsn^

2 ^ds^ 2 ]

5'p2 ^ ^zds, 2 -4- ^zxcsn^^zds^^l


(52)
9?i {^^^csn,^xds, c^-b-jz^cs^^xds, 3 ]
9 Pi

^^^ i ^ds^ 1

p ^<^ 2 ^ds^

2]-^

-*~9p2 [ p ^csn, 2 xds, 2 -^jz^csn^ 2 ^ ^ ^ 3 2 ] = 0 .


, ,, z,, Xc^, y^, z^, x^ y^,z^

F^, F g , F 3 , ,
^zxcsn, 2 zds, 2 -4-^zxcsn,, ^cfs^

^=V,x,,

jzxcsn^,zds^,4-jzxcsn^,2^ds^^=V^x^,
jzXCSn,

2 -2^(75^ 2 " ^^8

p Vs^i 2 ^^^12

^, xds^,
pf

2 -S^^^Sg 3 =

F2 iTg)

p ^^^^i ^ ^ ^ 1 3 0
3

-^jz^csn^ 2

^ ^ ^ 3

2=0,

2^^^^! 2 -*-^8> gO^cfSj 2 = 0 *

41 1 ( 5 2 )
'. :
(53)

2 F2^2 = Pl

^2

(47)
{ycsn,^zzcsn,^y)ds,^,T'pe'j:he

,

(54)

2^2^2 =

1^1-*-'^'^

{ycsn^^z^csn2,y)ds,^,
iycsn^c^z^zcsn^^y)ds^^,
,

493

(47)

. . , -

{8,8,)8,^

0=0,

. (53) (54)
, (2),
,
, ^
, .
,

(1)

.
1

, ,

2 6 . 1
(3), (1),
e c i e

- .
N^, iV^,

, 2/, z


My, 5
(.

1, ^ ,

10):
N^=

f{p^p^)csn,,xds,,,

Ny=

f(p,Pt)csn,,yds,,,

Nz=

-l{pPi)csn,,zds,,,

(55)
^x=^
My
M^=
,

-S<J>,-PiXycsn,,z-zcsn,,y)ds,,
j{p,p,){zcsn,^xxcsn,^z)ds,,
~f{p,pt){xcsn,,yycsn,^x)ds,,.
(16),

494

q,

, {zcsn,, xxcsn,,

M^ q^ 3 Jj^g J {xcsn^ 1 8

^ x) ds^ 3.

, '1
.

z)ds,,,

(7) (8)

. .

', '

'1

2 7 . . 1 (1) ( 2 )
-, ( 1 ) , ( 2 ) .
, ' ,
,

1 ,
(1) (3)

^ds^^

,
(3)

'.

'1 _

ds
(3),
. {
, * ;

z '^

^,

N^=

(56) Ny=
=

iV^,

Ny,

495

N^^ 1

[( 1 \ )csnxds|(^
j{p,

"^, ^^
9 1 0 ,

^ )csmdsr^

^ ^jcsnxdl^ 2 3,

,)csnyds-f{p,-p,)csnyds-r^csnydl,,,,

J(i?3 Pi )csnzdsj{p^

p^ysnzdsr^^^jcsnzdl^
1

fds^^^ '1

* EGF,

237

. ( 5 6 )

~-\{p,~p,)csn,,xds,,~\{p,p,)csn,^xd^
) csmds)\

J(?>2

Ny=

2 31 csnxdl^

f(j>3ft )csn,,yds,

^ 3,

,\[p,~p,)csn,,yds,,

(57)

\{PPi
N^=

)csnyds~r,,,IJcsnydl,,,,

fip, p, )cs%, zds, 3 |( i?2) csn.^zds,,

^(jPa Pi )CSnzds^^ 2 ^^CSnzdl^ 2 3 J


*
, 1
* 1
* , Pi^^gpi^-^c^^

2~92^'^^2

BF.

(16),
N^=

q,,JA,,csn,^xds,,q2,JA,,csn,,xds,,-v~
'^g{p2?^

iVy=

)j^csnxdsr^

^^snxdl^^^j

?,3/4l^S^3l2/^S,3g33j^32CS)*322/^S23
-i~gf(p2pi )jzcsnxds123
q,

fcsnydl^^r^,

,fA,,csn,,zds,,q,,fA,,csn,,zds,

-b g (p2pi)jzcsnzds^^jcsnzdl^

33,

~ 496

* jds^^,
* 1 , DF.
, *1 (7)
N^

J ( g ^ 3 csm^ 3 x-i-q^ 3 csm^ 3 x -\-r^^^csnx)dl^ 33 -f-

. ., a , (13),

^giPi^Pi)j^csnxds
(58)

Ny=q,

2 fcsm,,ydl,-{^,

)fzcsnyds,

^zii

2 \csm^^zdl^ 2 3 - * - 5 ' ( p 2 p i ) l ^ c s n z d s .

^ds^^
9{pPi)^(li2Ai^

* *
^^ xdSi 2, csn^ ^ yds^ ^, ^ zds^,

1 ,
,
q,s^^xdl^^^=q^JA^^CS^xds^z^g{p^p^^^^

..

(58) * * :
N^='g{p2Pi)l^csn,^xds^,4'g{p,p^)jz^^
(59)

Ny=g{p,p^)fzcsn,,yds,,'b-g{p,p,)fzcsnyd^
N,=g(p,p,)fzcsn,,zds^,-^g{p,p,)jzcs^^

* * *. V (1),
*1
(*
* , BBF),

(59):
, = 0 , iV^=0,

N,=g{p-p,)V.

497
^ , ^,
, (56), ( 5 7 ) ,

^ 2 / 2
-4-^(2~

(ycs7i,,zzcsn,,y)ds,,

-I-

p^)j{zycsnzz^csny)dsr^^{ycsnzzcsny)dl^^^

.,

, ocnoBanin (8),
f[i/(g^ 3

csm^^z~^q^,sm.,^z-^rcsnz)

3 8) 3 y-^q^

z{q,

(2

'^^8)-

<^5^>^ 2/

1)/i^ycsnzZ^csny)ds, . .

(13),

^x=9.i

2 / 0 / ^ 5 ^ 1 ,^~^csm,

) dl,

23

(61)
'*^5'(2pi)^{zycsnzZ4cny)ds,

. ,

^ds,^
:

M^g{p,p,)j{zycsnZ'~z^csny)ds,
(62)

MyZ=g{p^'p,)j{z^csnxzxcsr(z)ds,
M^=g{p^

p^)^{zxcsnyzycsnx)ds,


, 1 , DF,
(61),
, F . , , z
. , 1

(63)

(62),

,={,-,),

~g(p^^p^)Vx,

(60) (63) ,

=0.

1
. IX, . III. . I.

32

498
{,)*^,
.

' ,

(1)

(2), ,

, z

, ,
^ , = 0 , ,=
(64)

^9(^_^:

N=0^
^ . =

^^g(p^^p,)V.y

-9(Pi-pjF, ,=0,

' '1 1, .
2 8 . 1 (3),
,

(1) ( 2 )
1 ,
^ , ,

,1

(3), Q^, Qy,

. V.,

(3),

, ,
(3), 1

1:
(65)

,-^,-0,

(66)

, (7 F J / 3 = 0 ,

P^~f^iV^=0,

^--^,9?

(),^ . - , - ~ . ^ > ,

(),-,=0,

,,

y,,Z,,

^. 7/2,

'',, ,, Z,

, = 0 , ^ = 0 , , = r/p,F,-^p2F2,

F^, Fo?

499

1 ( 6 5 )

/ / ( ? 1 ~ - 2 ) y-fm
,

F,-Hr/p, F -
| & \ .

,
9(?i-?2)V--9?i

V9P,.-'^,^3=0

.
Honia,

-,

(67)

F , = p , ^ , V\^p,

,
, F-4^P3 F , = p , F^-^p, F , ^ p , F , ,

(68)

BO . , ,

, ,

, ,

*).
29. ,
^.=0,

Qy-==9piV,x^4~gp.,V2X,,

(66)
-9^119?2^2'

1 ( 6 6 )

*) Laplace,
. Cel. . I Y . Supplement, . 3 4 . ,
L a p l a c e , 1 (63) ( 6 4 ) ,
^^ .
(Nouvelee theorie, p . 168) 1)
, ypaeix 1
.
,
1, '] (Nouvelle the
orie, p . 161168).Z)ii -^?>? 1( aequili
brio fluidorum, 1859), ,
, ( . 1 7 , T h e o r e m a I Y ) .
32*

500

(69)

Pi

,==,

F^yi-bp, V^f^ h p, T^,

, Jcfe^^

. :

(70)

.^ Vx-h-p^ ,.,=,
^
^

Fi^*4--Hp,

F^^v^-pi Fa;,
^

1 ( 6 1 ) ,

1 ( 6 9 ) ( 7 0 ) ,
,

, 1
,