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Comem d CRS 24-36-52KV_GB:cat VALV T&Q -GB-

16-04-2009

CRS
COMBINED
INSULATION
BUSHING
24 60kV
2000 3150A

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Comem d CRS 24-36-52KV_GB:cat VALV T&Q -GB-

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CRS COMBINED INSULATION BUSHINGS


24-36-52-60 kV - 3150A / 72.5 kV - 2000A

Comem d CRS 24-36-52KV_GB:cat VALV T&Q -GB-

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Over 40 years have passed since Comem begun to work in the electrical field and it gives great importance to
innovations, researches and developments towards new products.
Comem takes the opportunity to exhibit at Coil & Winding Exhibition in Berlin in order to present to all transformers OEM, Utilities and Engineering Co. the new combined insulation bushing. This project meets the latest
market requirements regarding higher bushing performances and cost reduction.

WHY IS A COMBINED INSULATION BUSHING BETTER THAN A CONVENTIONAL PORCELAIN BUSHING?


A conventional bushing is composed by a conductor bolt (usually brass or copper), a porcelain insulating part and
an oil layer. The fixing system is usually made through a collar flange + some pressure pieces that have necessarily to be used in order to fix a porcelain flange to a metallic cover.
In Comem combined insulation bushing the conductor bolt is moulded inside an organic insulation block;
afterwards the primary insulation layer is protected by a silicone rubber coat.
Both combined and porcelain bushings must have proper mechanical, electrical and thermal characteristics to
withstand for many years any stress related to their transformer application. The combined insulation bushing is
a better choice thanks to its yield for each characteristic; see th efollowing summary table:

Characteristics
Mechanical

Porcelain bushing

Combined insulation bushing

Porcelain + bolt + collar +

Bolt + organic insulator and its

pressure pieces

moulded clamp

Thermal

Porcelain + oil

Organica insulator + silicone rubber

Dielectric

Porcelain + oil

Organica insulator + its moulded


equipotential screen

Leaking

Porcelain + several gaskets

Organica insulator + one gasket

LIST OF THE MAIN ADVANTAGES OF A COMBINED INSULATION BUSHING:


An internal screen protects the electrical field created by the energised bushing; thanks to combined insulating
bushing design, the level of partial discharges complies with IEC 60137 specification. At the moment partial
discharges cannot be neither measured nor reduced in a porcelain bushing.
The combined insulation bushing has a capacitive outlet socket, throught which the tension can be constantly
monitored, like in a voltage transformer.
In case of accident or bushing breaking, the combined insulation bushing guarantees no oil leaking because
there is no oil inside. On the contrary the breaking of a porcelain bushing could cause the leaking of all oil contained in the conservator (unless somebody uses an automatic cut-off valve).
The dimensionale tolerances admitted in a combined insulation bushing are extremely smaller than the ones
admitted in a porcelain bushing.
The handling and transport of a combined insulation bushing is easier than the one of porcelain bushing because the insulation material is not fragile.
The combined insulation bushing, wich is composed by an organica mixture, has a higher temperature dissipation coefficient thanthe porcelain busshing, therefore it has a better cooling.
The combined insulation bushing has a simpler and faster assembling system than porcelain bushing because
there are no loose clamps and loose pressure pieces to be used. Furthermore the combined insulation bushing
is interchangeable to DIN 42538 - type D.
The combined insulation bushing does not need maintenance, as it has no sealing gaskets; except those palced
between tank cover and bushing clamp.
The combined insulation bushing has less number of items to be assembled;
Furthmore the combined insulation bushing has many further advantages by using the silicone rubber as main
outer insulation layer, such as: self-cleaning, flexibility, non fragility,...

Comem d CRS 24-36-52KV_GB:cat VALV T&Q -GB-

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HOW COMEM HAS DEVELOPED AND DESIGNED THE 24-36-52-60 kV - 3150A


72.5 kV - 2000A COMBINED INSULATION BUSHINGS
The chosen technical solution is an optimised merge among the following key features: mechanical and electrical
withstanding, selection of superior raw materials, porcelain bushings interchangeability and improvement of general safety related to bushing application.
In order to reach these targets the following simulations have been analysed and studied during the bushing design.
FEM structure analysis regarding to the max allowed cantilever load;
Analysis of the electrical field.

FEM STRUCTURE ANALYSIS RESULTS

Description

Von Mises stress data from


the simulation (N/mm2)

Material yielding stress by


tensile load (N/mm2)

Copper bolt

92

190

Combined insulation

42

70-80

Fixing clamp

120

210

Picture no. 1
(Load point and fixations)

Picture no. 2
(Results)

ANALYSIS OF THE ELECTRICAL FIELD


The simulation to finite elements analysis of the electrical field has been carried out by applying a 100kV continuos voltage. The maximum electrical field amplitude found is 4.7 kV/mm.

Picture no. 3
4

Comem d CRS 24-36-52KV_GB:cat VALV T&Q -GB-

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TYPE 24-36-52-60 kV - 3150A

(1)

View A

(2)

M48x3
60
R1

123

00

5x250
13
60

498
140

10

(4)

View A

250 (3)

996

4x192

M48x3
120
240

(1) Flag type FPM48x3 DIN 43675


(2) Clamp facing type D DIN 42538
(3) The bushing can have extended bolt
in oil for CT space.
(4) Capacitive socket (3 PCS)

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TYPE 72.5 kV - 2000A

(1)

M42x3

View A
45
5

123

2
R1

6x300

6x220

15

683

1202

45

185

295 (2)

10

(3)

View A

M42x3
130
290

(1) Flag type FPM42x3 DIN 43675


(2) The bushing can have extended bolt
in oil for CT space.
(3) Capacitive socket (3 PCS)

Comem d CRS 24-36-52KV_GB:cat VALV T&Q -GB-

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TECHNICAL DATA

CRS 24 kV
3150A

CRS 36 kV
3150A

CRS 52 kV
3150A

CRS 60 kV
3150A

CRS 72.5 kV
2000A

*=

Rated current: 3150A

Frequency range: 1560Hz

Max. voltage: 24 kV

Minumum creepage distance: 1630mm

Power Frequency withstand

Arcing distance: 563mm

voltage test: 55 kV Dry - 50kV Wet

Lee protected line: 662mm

BIL: 125 kV

Temperature range of application:

Partial discharges: <10 pC at 20.8 kV *

from -25C to +120C

Capacitance: 70 pF +/-5

International Standards: IEC 60137

Tang @ 20 kV= 0.004

Design drawing: H-0159

Rated current: 3150A

Frequency range: 1560Hz

Max. voltage: 36 kV

Minumum creepage distance: 1630mm

Power Frequency withstand

Arcing distance: 563mm

voltage test: 77 kV Dry - 70kV Wet

Lee protected line: 662mm

BIL: 170 kV

Temperature range of application:

Partial discharges: <40 pC at 31.2 kV *

from -25C to +120C

Capacitance: 70 pF +/-5

International Standards: IEC 60137

Tang @ 20 kV= 0.004

Design drawing: H-0163

Rated current: 3150A

Frequency range: 1560Hz

Max. voltage: 52 kV

Minumum creepage distance: 1630mm

Power Frequency withstand

Arcing distance: 563mm

voltage test: 105 kV Dry - 95kV Wet

Lee protected line: 662mm

BIL: 250 kV

Temperature range of application:

Partial discharges: <90 pC at 45 kV *

from -25C to +120C

Capacitance: 70 pF +/-5

International Standards: IEC 60137

Tang @ 20 kV= 0.004

Design drawing: H-0143

Rated current: 3150A

Frequency range: 1560Hz

Max. voltage: 60 kV

Minumum creepage distance: 1630mm

Power Frequency withstand

Arcing distance: 563mm

voltage test: 127 kV Dry - 115kV Wet

Lee protected line: 662mm

BIL: 280 kV

Temperature range of application:

Partial discharges: <90 pC at 52 kV *

from -25C to +120C

Capacitance: 70 pF +/-5

International Standards: IEC 60137

Tang @ 20 kV= 0.004

Design drawing: H-0055

Rated current: 2000A

Frequency range: 1560Hz

Max. voltage: 72.5 kV

Minumum creepage distance: 2250mm

Power Frequency withstand

Arcing distance: 775mm

voltage test: 155 kV Dry - 140kV Wet

Lee protected line: 807mm

BIL: 325 kV

Temperature range of application:

Partial discharges: <90 pC at 63 kV *

from -25C to +120C

Capacitance: 100 pF +/-5

International Standards: IEC 60137

Tang @ 20 kV= 0.004

Design drawing: H-0079

PLEASE CONTACT US FOR LOWER VALUES.

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comem

- S.p.A

Strada Statale 11, Signolo 22


36054 MONTEBELLO VIC.NO (VI) ITALY
Tel. 0444 449 311 Fax 0444 449 352 - 440 359
http://www.comem.com e-mail: comem@comem.com

edizione GB 04/2009 - www.studiograficoedigraf.com

Due to technical improvement of our products, the information contained in


this catalogue may be subjected to change without notice.

Comem d CRS 24-36-52KV_GB:cat VALV T&Q -GB-