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1 LIFESTYLES

Grammar

Vocabulary

Function

1a What are you


doing here? p4

Present simple and present


continuous
Question tags

Clothes, styles, accessories


and patterns

Shop for clothes

1b Ive loved every


minute. p8

Present perfect simple with for and


since
Present perfect and past simple

Jobs

1c Its much more


rewarding. p10

Intensifiers much, far, a lot, a bit with


comparative adjectives and adverbs
(not) as as

Adjectives to describe work

3 RESPONSIBILITY

2 LIFE STORIES

1d Teenage fashion in Britain ACROSS CULTURES p12

SKILLS FOCUS: WRITING

2a I didnt recognise
you. p14

Past simple
Prepositions: during, for

Show concern and


reassure

2b I wasnt really
listening p16

Past continuous and past simple with


when, while, as

Phrasal verbs with up

2c After getting up at
5 a.m., ... p18

Past simple and past perfect simple


after/before + gerund (-ing form)

Transport and travel

2d Milestones in travel CURRICULUM LINK p20


SKILLS FOCUS: READING

Language Revision 1: Units 1 & 2 p22

3a Youll sleep in
tents. p24

Future tenses: will, going to, present


continuous
to be about to + infinitive

Food and kitchen equipment

3b I dont have to ask


my parents. p26

must, mustnt, should, ought to, have


(got) to, dont have to, neednt, had
better (not)
Gerund (-ing form) as subject and
object

Part-time jobs

3c Please let me go.


p28

make, let, allowed to

Invite, accept and


refuse with excuses

5 NATURAL WORLD

4 ENTERTAINMENT

3d A refugees story REAL LIFE ISSUE p30 SKILLS FOCUS: LISTENING AND SPEAKING

4a Phones which you


can fold up p32

Defining and non-defining relative


clauses

4b The most fun Ive


had for ages! p34

Present perfect simple with just,


already, before, never, ever, yet
Superlatives with the present perfect
simple

4c Ever since I was a


child p36

Present perfect simple and


continuous with for and since
Present perfect simple for numbers
and amounts

Phrasal verbs with on


React to good and bad
news

Words connected with music

4d English literature ACROSS CULTURES p38


SKILLS FOCUS: WRITING

Language Revision 2: Units 3 & 4 p40

5a Unless they do
something, p42

First conditional with if, unless,


provided that, as long as

Landscape and natural


environment

5b We wont know
until we leave. p44

Future time clauses with when, until,


as soon as, by the time, before

Extreme weather and natural


disasters

5c In case it gets
cold p46

in case + present simple

Camping equipment

5d Glaciers CURRICULUM LINK p48 SKILLS FOCUS: READING

Make and respond to


requests

6 IMAGINATION

Grammar

Vocabulary

6a If you were
invisible for a day,
p50

Second conditional with would,


might, could

Transitive phrasal verbs

6b If only I had my
camera! p52

wish/if only + past simple

6c We didnt mind
queuing. p54

Verb with infinitive or gerund

9 IN THE NEWS

8 RIGHT OR NOT?

7 COMMUNICATE

6d The end-of-year party REAL LIFE ISSUE p56


SKILLS FOCUS: LISTENING AND SPEAKING
7a He asked me if I
had a website. p60

Reported statements and questions

7b You suggested
getting a taxi. p62

Reported speech with verbs of


reporting

7c In spite of your
faults, p64

Clauses and linkers of contrast

7d 21st century communication ACROSS CULTURES p66

Function

Ask for and give advice

Noun suffixes -ion, -ment, -ity,


and -y
Language Revision 3: Units 5 & 6 p58

Phone messages

Relationship words and


phrases
SKILLS FOCUS: WRITING

8a He shouldnt have
left it there. p68

should have/ought to have

Apologise for past


mistakes

8b It cant be easy.
p70

must/cant/might/could for
deductions in the present

Phrasal verbs with away

8c He cant have
drowned. p72

must have/cant have/might have/


could have for deductions in the
past

Crime

8d Charity work CURRICULUM LINK p74


SKILLS FOCUS: READING

Language Revision 4: Units 7 & 8 p76

9a The telephone
was invented. p78

The passive: present simple, past


simple, present perfect, past perfect

The media

9b Theyre being
followed. p80

The passive: present continuous, past


continuous and future simple

9c It ought to be
stopped. p82

The passive: modals, gerund (-ing


form) and infinitive

Give opinions, agree


and disagree
Adjective and noun formation

10 MONEY

9d Work experience REAL LIFE ISSUE p84 SKILLS FOCUS: LISTENING AND SPEAKING
10a If he had sold the
ring, p86

Third conditional with would have

Verbs connected with money

10b If only wed had


the money! p88

wish/if only + past perfect

Phrasal verbs with out

10c I might not have


done so well. p90

Third conditional with might have

10d Social customs ACROSS CULTURES p92


SKILLS FOCUS: WRITING

Give and accept


congratulations
Language Revision 5: Units 9 & 10 p94

Extra practice p96 Word bank p108 Pronunciation p110 Writing bank p112 Word list p117 Irregular verbs p120

1a
Grammar

Present simple and present continuous


Question tags

Vocabulary Clothes, styles, accessories and patterns


Function

Shop for clothes

Get started

1 LIFESTYLES

Dialogue

1
01

Lisa:
Ryan:
Josh:
Ryan:
Lisa:
Ryan:
Sophie:
Lisa:
Sophie:
Josh:
Sophie:
Lisa:
Sophie:
Ryan:
Sophie:
Ryan:
Josh:

Listen and read. Where does Sophie make her T-shirts?


Come on, Ryan. The market closes in half an hour. What are
you after?
Im looking for a shirt. Im going to a wedding on July 2nd.
Thats next Saturday.
Thats right. So I want something plain and smart.
Hey, that T-shirts nice. I like baggy T-shirts and
I love the design on it.
But I need a shirt, not a T-shirt. Anyway, the design looks
a bit weird.
Hey, Lisa! Hows it going?
Oh, hi Sophie. What are you doing here?
Im working. I make these clothes at home and then I sell
them here every other Saturday.
Is it your stall?
No, its my aunts.
You dont know Ryan or Josh, do you?
No, I dont. Hi, guys. Nice to meet you.
I like your clothes. Theyre really original.
Thanks. Thats a cool T-shirt, isnt it?
This one? Oh, er ... yes. Its great! Ill take it.
But Ryan, youre looking for a shirt not a T-shirt!

What are you after? r something (plain) r Anyway


r Hows it going? r every other (Saturday)
r

Comprehension

Answer the questions.


1
2
3
4
5

Sophie

Where do you buy your clothes? Do you like shopping


for clothes?

What does Ryan want to buy? a shirt


What does Lisa like about the T-shirt?
What does Ryan think of the T-shirt at first?
What day of the week does Sophie work on the stall?
What does Ryan decide to buy?

1a

Ryan

Josh

Lisa

Vocabulary: Clothes,
styles, accessories and
patterns

4a

Recall How many


words can you remember
for each of these
sections: Clothes,
Styles, Accessories and
Patterns? Write lists, then
check in the Word
bank on page 108.

Clothes: jacket,
Styles: baggy,

1
02

Extension Use the


words below to name
the items in the photo.
Which items are not in the
photo?

Describe what the


people in the photo
are wearing.
Ryans wearing
patterned green
combat trousers.

1 bandana
rCBOEBOBrCBOHMF
rDPNCBUUSPVTFST
rGMFFDFrGMJQGMPQT
rIBJSCBOErIJHIIFFMT
rKVNQFSrMFHHJOHT
rTVJUrUJFrUJHIUT
rUSBDLTVJUUPQ
rUSBDLTVJUCPUUPNT

S ? LVE IT!

Read the dialogue


again. What date
will Sophie next
work at the market?

1a
Grammar

Grammar

Present simple and present


continuous
Present simple
1 I want something plain and smart.
2 I make these clothes at home.
3 I sell them here every other Saturday.
4 The market closes in half an hour.
Present continuous
5 Im looking for a shirt.
6 Im going to a wedding on 2nd July.
Match the sentences (16) to the uses of
the tenses (af).
We use the present simple for:
a) permanent situations, b) routines,
c) timetabled events in the future,
d) stative verbs (e.g. be, believe, need, etc.).
We use the present continuous for:
e) events happening now or around now,
f) future arrangements.

Question tags
A: Thats a cool T-shirt, isnt it?
B: Yes, it is.
A: Youre in Lisas class at school, arent you?
B: Yes, I am.
A: You dont know Ryan or Josh, do you?
B: No, I dont.
A: Your aunts got a market stall, hasnt she?
B: Yes, she has.
Choose the correct options.
1 If the main verb is positive, the question tag
is positive / negative.
2 If the main verb is negative, the question tag
is positive / negative.

Practice

1
2
3
4

Your names Maria, isn't it?


You live near me, ___?
Youve got a brother, ___?
Your favourite band is the Chilli Peppers,
___?
5 You dont like Beyonc, ___?
6 Youre learning to play the piano, ___?
 :PVBSFOUFOKPZJOHUIJTFYFSDJTF @@@
8 Youve got a new MP3 player, ___?
9 My questions arent annoying, ___?

Practice

Complete the statements with the correct


question tag.

Complete the newsletter with the present


simple or continuous form of the verbs
from the box.
rTUVEZrDPODFOUSBUFrNBLFrHP
rTFMMrLOPXrFYUFOE

Pronunciation: Intonation in
question tags

1
03

Go to page 110.

Speak

9
knows

Now ask your partner the questions in


Exercise 7, changing the information
where necessary. Make sure you choose
the correct intonation.
A: Your names Maria, isnt it?
B: Yes, it is./No, it isnt.
A: You live near me, dont you?
B: Yes, I do./No, I dont. I live

1a

Use your English: Shop for clothes


Offer help
Can I help you?
Do you need any help?

Dialogue

10

1
04

Listen and read. Does Ryan buy


the shirt?

Man: Can I help you?


Ryan: Yes, Im looking for a shirt. Have you got this
one in a larger size? This is a Small.
Man: One moment. Ill see. Yes, heres a Medium.
Ryan: Can I try it on?
Man: Sure. Theres a changing room over there.
Ryan: Thanks. What do you think, Josh?
Josh: Well, its not exactly my style, but that dark
colour suits you.
Ryan: Its fine for a wedding. How much is it?
Josh: Lets have a look. Its 39.
Ryan: 39! Forget it!
Man: Is it any good?
Ryan: Er No, sorry. Its not quite right. Ill leave it,
thank you.

Comprehension

11

Say what you want


:FT QMFBTF*NMPPLJOHGPSBTIJSUTPNFKFBOT
Yes, can I try this shirt/it/them on?
Yes, have you got this shirt in a different
colour/a larger size/a smaller size/size 14?
/P UIBOLT*NKVTUMPPLJOH
Comment
Its/Theyre a bit big/small/tight/baggy/
long/short.
I think I need a smaller/larger size.
It suits me./It doesnt suit me.
It looks good. How much is it?
Make a decision
Its perfect/great. Ill take it.
This ones fine. Ill have it, please.
No, sorry. Its not quite right. Ill leave it.

12

1
04

Listen again to the dialogue in Exercise


10. Then make similar conversations. You
want to buy the following:

 BKVNQFSmTNBMMFSTJ[F mb
 TPNFDPNCBUUSPVTFSTmEJGGFSFOUDPMPVS mb
 TPNFTBOEBMTmMBSHFSTJ[F mb
 BUSBDLTVJUmEJGGFSFOUTUZMF mb
 BTIJSUmEJGGFSFOUQBUUFSO mb

Choose the correct option.

The shirt Ryan tries on is:


a) a small size b) white
c) good for a wedding d) quite cheap

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 96.

1b
Grammar

Present perfect simple with for and


since
Present perfect and past simple

Read

Vocabulary Jobs

1
05

Listen and read the article. Who has got


two jobs?

Comprehension
Vocabulary: Jobs

Recall Work in pairs. List as many jobs


as you can think of, then tell the class.
Whose list is the longest? Check the
Word bank on page 108.

When we think of showbiz, most of us


imagine a life of bright lights, ashy cars,
designer clothes and huge mansions. Well,
it isnt always like that! We went in search of
three people whose showbiz jobs are a little
less glamorous.
Angela Smith is a dancer on a Caribbean
cruise ship.
How long have you had this job, Angela? It
sounds amazing!
Ive worked on this ship for about a month now.
Last year I was on one which went round the
Med!
Whats your job like?
Well, the Caribbean is fantastic, but its hard
work and the conditions arent great. My
cabins tiny! But I get lots of
free time and I love
travelling the world.
What about the money?
It isnt bad and its easy
to save because
nearly everything
JTGSFFmGPPE 
accommodation,
even some
clothes. Ive
saved quite a lot
since I KPJOFE this
ship.

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


1 Angela has worked on more than one ship. T
 "OHFMBMPWFTFWFSZUIJOHBCPVUIFSKPC
3 Christine has got nice hands.
4 Christine has met some celebrities.
5 Steve first worked as an extra when he was a child.

Christine James has a very weird job


shes a hand double!
Can you explain what you
do, Christine?
Sometimes a film or an
advert needs a close-up of
hands, but the actress
or model doesnt
have nice enough
hands. Then they
use mine. Its trick
photography!
I bet its fun!
It is. Ive done it for
a couple of years now
and Ive loved every
minute. Since I started, Ive
worked with lots of famous
people. Im not saying who, its top secret!

Steve Morris works as a TV and lm


extra.
How did you get into this, Steve?
A few years ago, a TV company filmed some
scenes in our village. I worked as an extra in
some crowd scenes and after that I signed up
with an agency.
Have you got another job, too?
0IZFT UIJTJTKVTUBIPCCZ*NBDUVBMMZB
teacher!

1b
Grammar

5a

Steve Norton plays bass guitar in the rock


band Tastic. Use the prompts to complete
the questions and answers. Then practise the
dialogue in pairs.

Present perfect simple with for and


since; past simple
Which verbs are in the present perfect simple
tense? Which are in the past simple? Write PPS
or PS.

 )PXMPOHCFQBSUPG5BTUJD  

Interviewer: How long have you been part


of Tastic?
Steve: Ive been part of Tastic since 2010.
2 Where/be/born? (Canada)
3 How long/live/in the UK? (I was six)
4 Who/teach/you to play the guitar? (my uncle)
5 Where/go/to university? (in London)
6 What/study? (Music)
7 How long/know/the other band members? (my
first day at school)
8 When/start/your school of rock? (last year)

1 Ive worked on this ship for a month. PPS


2 Ive saved quite a lot since I joined this ship.
3 Last year I was on one which went round the
Med!
4 A few years ago, a TV company filmed some
scenes in our village.
5 I worked as an extra in some crowd scenes.
6 After that I signed up with an agency.
Choose the correct options.
1 We use the present perfect simple to talk about
events that are finished / events that are
linked to the present.
2 We use the past simple to talk about events
that are finished / events that are linked to the
present.
3 Since is used for a point in time / a period in
time.
4 For is used for a point in time / a period in time.

1 Steve Norton has been part of Tastic since


2010. He ...

Listen

Jack Clark is a TV camera operator. Complete


the dialogue with the past simple or present
perfect simple form of the verb in brackets, or
short answers.
Reporter: How long 1have you been (you/be) a
camera operator, Jack?
Jack:
I 2  IBWF
NZQSFTFOUKPCGPSUXP
years. Before that I 3
(work) for a
small film company.
4
(you/ever/do) a special training
Reporter:
course?
Jack:
No, I 5
(have). I 6
(study)
photography at university and then I 7
HFU
UIFKPCXJUIUIFGJMNDPNQBOZ
I8
(not earn) much, but they 9
(teach) me a lot. And since I
(start)
(learn) lots more!
UIJTKPC *11
Reporter: 8IBUTUIFCFTUUIJOHBCPVUUIFKPC
Jack:
I 12  FOKPZ
FWFSZUIJOHBCPVUJUTJODF
day one. I love it.

1
06

Listen to the interview


and answer the questions
in pairs.
1 Who does Anna Nichols
work for?
a television company
2 What does she do?
3 What is she working
on at the moment?
4 How long has she
IBEUIJTKPC
5 What did she do
before that?
6 How did she get
UIFKPC

Practice

Now write eight sentences about Steve


Norton.

Speak

Discuss the question.


8IJDIQFSTPOJOUIJTMFTTPOIBTHPUUIFCFTUKPC 
8IPIBTHPUUIFXPSTUKPC (JWFSFBTPOT

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 96.

1c
Grammar

Intensifiers much, far, a lot, a bit with


DPNQBSBUJWFBEKFDUJWFTBOEBEWFSCT
(not) as as

Vocabulary "EKFDUJWFTUP
describe work

Read

10

1
07

Listen and read the magazine article. Then match the photos to the teenagers comments.

1c
Comprehension

Practice

Complete the statements and name the


speakers.

1 Today is far hotter than yesterday. (hot/far)


2 This bed is ___ my old one. (comfortable/much)
3 Can you try to write ___ ? (carefully/a bit)
 "OHFMJOBJTKVTU@@@#SBE GBNPVT

5 I feel ___ today than yesterday. (bad/a lot)


6 Please can you drive ___ . (slowly/a bit)
7 Teaching isnt ___ web-designing. (well-paid)
8 I see my grandparents ___ now than before.
(frequently/a lot)

1 A university degree helps you to get a much


better job. Robbie
2 Working in a supermarket is
3 It costs a lot to
4 There are many well-qualified people in
5 You learn a lot when you
6 To get to university, I must

Vocabulary: Adjectives to describe work

1
08

Say which adjectives are positive and


which are negative.

Positive: creative,

Negative: badly-paid,

rCBEMZQBJErCPSJOHrDSFBUJWFrEBOHFSPVT
rEVMMrFEVDBUJPOBMrFYDJUJOHrHMBNPSPVT
rJOUFSFTUJOHrSFXBSEJOHrTBGFrTUSFTTGVM
rUJSJOHrXFMMQBJErXPSUIXIJMF

Grammar

Complete with a comparative form of the


adjective or adverb in brackets, or (not) as as.

Compare the choices below for schoolleavers. Use the comparative form of the
adjectives in Exercise 3 and intensifiers.
Backpacking abroad is much (far/a lot) more
exciting than doing a temporary job.
Doing a temporary job isnt as exciting as
backpacking abroad.

Choices for school-leavers


 %PJOHBUFNQPSBSZKPCCBDLQBDLJOHBCSPBE
 (PJOHUPVOJWFSTJUZHFUUJOHBGVMMUJNFKPC
3 Doing voluntary work/working in a factory

Intensifiers much, far, a lot, a bit with


comparative adjectives and adverbs;
(not) as as
Comparative adjectives
Its much/far/a lot/a bit cheaper to live at home
than travel abroad.
5IJTKPCJT not) as exciting as people think.
Comparative adverbs
*DBOHFUBKPCJOBTIPQmuch/far/a lot/a bit
more easily than in a studio.
It costs much/far/a lot/a bit more/less to live at
home.
They dont pay as badly as you think.

Speak

Make rules
1 To make a comparison stronger, you add
words like ___ , ___ and ___ before the
DPNQBSBUJWFBEKFDUJWF
2 To compare two things which may be the
same, you use ___ .
Look at the examples of comparatives in the
magazine article. Which are adjectives and
which are adverbs?

Talk about you. Which of the activities in


Exercise 5 would you prefer to do when you
leave school and why?

Write

Write your own paragraph for the magazine


article in Exercise 1. Say what things you want
to do when you leave school.
When I leave school, Id like to . I think that
sounds more

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 96.

11

1d
ACROSS CULTURES

SKILLS FOCUS: WRITING

Fraser

Maddy

Jay

NEW WORDS

12

t designer tbeyond someones budget t tend to t mix and match t image t fashionable t developing
t child labour t shoppers t recycled t product t renewable t source t Fairtrade t ensure
t manufacture t proper t wage tethical t realistic t bargain t unusual t look (n) t car boot
t bothered t beanie t stuff t plant (v)

1d
Get started

Listen

What sort of clothes and styles are fashionable in


your country at the moment?

Read

Read the article. Where do British teenagers


usually buy their clothes?

Comprehension
Answer true (T) or false (F).

1 The average British teenager doesnt care


about clothes.
2 All high-street clothes today are very expensive.
3 Some factories use child labour.
4 Ethical fashion has become more popular
in recent years.

Write
WRITING TIP: COLLECT AND
ORGANISE YOUR IDEAS

Tick the correct box.

Who:

Fraser Maddy

Before you start to write, take time to collect


and organise your ideas. First, make a list of all
your ideas in any order. Then organise them into
groups under headings.
Now do Exercise 6.

Jay

1 likes to spend as little as


possible on clothes?
2 is interested in clothes
manufacturing?

6a

You are going to write an article called


The factors which influence my choice of
clothes. First, match the headings with the
ideas (ae).

3 doesnt care about most


high-street fashion?
4 likes to shop ethically?

r "EWFSUJTJOHBOEUIFNFEJB b
r 0QJOJPOTPGGSJFOET
r .POFZ
r 1FSTPOBMFYQSFTTJPO
r (FOFSBMTVJUBCJMJUZ

5 only wears trainers?


6 likes to look different
from other people?

Speak

Talk about you.


1 Which of the three teenagers are you most similar
to? In what way?
2 Apart from clothes, what other things are fashion
items among your friends?
3 How interested are people in your country in ethical
fashion?

Listen to Dan talking about his fashion


style and interests
and complete the
information.
1 Favourite item of
clothing: hoodies
2 Why he likes them:
3 What else he wears:
4 Clothes for special
occasions:
5 Favourite music:
6 Weekend activities:

1
09

3a

1
10

Im influenced by:
a) how much the clothes cost.
b) what magazines say is fashionable.
c) the clothes that my friends like.
d) how comfortable/practical/adaptable the
clothes are.
e) if the clothes reflect my lifestyle and opinions.

Now put the ideas in order of importance


for you.

Write the article. Use your notes from


Exercises 6a and 6b to help you.
The factors which influence my choice of clothes
Why do I choose the clothes that I do? There are
several factors that influence my choice. The first
is

13

2a
Grammar

Past simple
Prepositions: during, for

Function

Show concern and reassure


rNo

Dialogue

2 LIFE STORIES

Listen and read.


How did Sophie get
interested in rollerblading?

Ryan:
Sophie:
Ryan:
Sophie:
Ryan:
Sophie:
Ryan:
Sophie:
Ryan:
Sophie:
Ryan:
Sophie:

Ryan:
Sophie:
Ryan:

14

2
01

problem.
r I bet youre glad
r get the hang of it
r Id better get going.
r I could do with (a coffee).

Are you OK? Did you hurt yourself?


No, Im fine. Dont worry.
Its Sophie, isnt it? We met last weekend at the market.
Yes, I remember. You bought one of my T-shirts.
Thats right. I didnt recognise you in your helmet.
Are you sure youre OK?
Yes, no problem.
What happened?
I swerved to avoid a skateboarder and I lost
my balance.
I bet youre glad you wore kneepads.
Yes, I am. I fell over twice yesterday, but
Im beginning to get the hang of it.
When did you start learning?
Not long ago. A Dutch friend came to stay for a few
days during the holidays and she gave me some
lessons. Well, Id better get going.
Do you fancy going for a coffee first?
Um yes, OK. I didnt have breakfast this morning, so
I could do with a coffee and a cake or something.
(SFBU*NRVJUFIVOHSZNZTFMG

Comprehension

Choose the correct options.

1 Ryan first met Sophie


a) at the market.
b) in a shop.
2 Ryan didnt recognise her at
first because she had
a) a new T-shirt.
b) something on her head.
3 Sophie fell over when she tried
to avoid someone on
a) a bike.
b) a skateboard.
4 Sophie
a) has done lots of rollerblading.
b) is a beginner.
5 Sophie wanted to try
rollerblading after she saw
a) a friend doing it.
b) a TV programme about it.

2a
Grammar
Past simple

Speak

I swerved to avoid a skateboarder.


We met last weekend/a week ago.
I didnt recognise you.
When did you start?
Did you hurt yourself?

You are a reporter who is going to interview


Geoff Rowley. Look at Exercise 3 and write some
questions. Then roleplay an interview in pairs.
A: Where were you born, Geoff?
B: In Liverpool. Thats where I grew up.
A: When did you become ?

Find nine irregular past tense forms in the


dialogue. Then check the list of irregular verbs
on page 120.

Pronunciation: Intonation of
Wh- questions

Prepositions: during and for

A Dutch friend came to stay for a few days during


the holidays.
Which word tells you how long and which
word tells you when?

Practice

Complete the article. Choose during or for and


write the past simple.
rQSBDUJTFrHSPXVQrWPUFrXJOrNPWF
rCFrFOUFSrCFDPNFrHJWF

Professional skateboarder
Geoff Rowley 1was born and
2
___ in Liverpool. He 3___
interested in skateboarding
at the age of twelve.
4
During / For the holidays
I was on my skateboard from
morning to night. I 5___ all
day and every day 6during /
for seven years, said Rowley.
In 1995, he 7___ his rst
competition. Between 1995
and 2000 he 8___ a medal in
almost every competition.
In 2000, the skateboard
magazine Thrasher 9___ him
the Skater of the Year award.
He 10___ to California
11
during / for the summer of
1999. In 2007, Thrasher 12___
him one of the best loved
skaters of all time.

2
02

Go to page 110.

Use your English: Show concern


and reassure
Show concern
Are you OK/all right?
Are you sure?
Did you hurt yourself?
Can I do anything?
Can I give you a hand?

Reassure
Dont worry. Im fine.
Really, Im OK.
No problem.

Question
What happened?
What on earth
happened?

Explanation
I swerved to avoid
a skateboarder.
I lost my balance.

2
03

Listen to parts of the dialogue from


Exercise 1 again. Then read the situations
below and roleplay conversations in pairs.
Student A: Start the conversation.
Student B: Invent your responses.
1 You are walking down the road when you
see your friend, Student B, picking up his
books from the pavement. Show concern
and ask what happened.
2 Your younger brother, Student B, has
spent the afternoon in the park with his
friends. When you go to meet him, his knee
is bleeding. Ask what happened.
3 Your sister, Student B, arrives home from a
party. She looks pale and upset. She had
an argument with somebody. Ask her if
she is all right and what the argument was
about.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 97.

15

2b
Grammar

Past continuous and past simple with


when, while, as

Vocabulary Phrasal verbs with up

Embarrassing
stories

Get started

Which is the most embarrassing situation for


you?
r :PVGPSHFUTPNFPOFTOBNF
r :PVCSFBLTPNFUIJOHJOBGSJFOETIPVTF
r :PVXFBSUIFXSPOHDMPUIFTUPBQBSUZ
r :PVSQIPOFSJOHTJOUIFDJOFNB

Read

2
04

Listen and read the webpage. What


three things embarrassed josie157?

We all have an embarrassing story to tell.


Write and tell us yours! We promise not to laugh!

At our last school prize day I was sitting


in the back row of the hall. While the
head teacher was calling out the winners
names, I wasnt really listening (I never usually
win anything!). Then I thought she said my
name. I stood up and walked to the front.
But when I got on to the stage, the head
teacher was giving the prize to someone else.
Everyone laughed at me and I wanted to
disappear.
billy16

While I was
having dinner at
my best friends
house, I spilt some
tomato sauce on the
tablecloth. That was bad
enough, but then I tried
to clean it with a tissue.
As I was rubbing the
stain, I knocked over a
glass and it broke. My
friends mum tried to
cheer me up with stories
about worse things that
IBWFIBQQFOFEmCVU*
KVTUXBOUFEUPSVOBXBZ
Then, when I got
home, I realised there
was tomato sauce on
my top as well.
josie157

16

Last Saturday my friend and I were


waiting at a supermarket checkout when
a boy outside started waving at me. I
wasnt sure who he was, but I smiled and
waved back anyway. My friend said, Whos
UIBU BOE*TBJEDBTVBMMZ A0I KVTUBGSJFOE
Then a girl behind me suddenly shouted,
Oh, hi! and she ran over to him. They were
obviously good friends. I felt really stupid with
TinaT
a silly smile on my face.

2b
Comprehension

Practice

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


1
2
3
4
5

billy16 won a school prize. F


billy16 went on to the stage.
TinaT was shopping with a friend.
TinaT waved at someone she knew.
josie157 managed to clean the tablecloth.

1 When the waiter gave (give) me the bill,


I
(not have) enough money.
2 I
(break) a glass while I
(wash)
up.
3 As Anna
(introduce) me to her friend,
(forget) my name.
she
4 Toms face
(go) red when the
teacher
(ask) him a question.
5 The chair
(break) when Amy
(sit)
down.
6 While Sam
(walk) to school, he
(realise) he was wearing odd socks.

Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs with up

2
05

Complete the sentences with the correct


phrasal verb.
rDIFFSVQrHJWFVQrNBLFVQrQJDLVQ
rTUBOEVQrUBLFVQrUVSOVQ
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Youve dropped some rubbish. Please pick it up.


Dont be sad.
!
I need some exercise. I think Ill
KPHHJOH
Please be on time. Dont
late.
Dont sit down.
!
Think of a good story.
one
!
This puzzle is impossible. Lets
.

Complete the sentences with the past


simple or past continuous form of the
verb in brackets.

Complete the questions with the past


simple or past continuous form of the
verb.
1 A: What/the students/do/when/the fire
bell/ring?
What were the students doing when
the fire bell rang?
B: They were having their lunch.
A: What/they/do?
B: They left the building and stood
outside.

Grammar
Past continuous and past simple with while,
when, as
Past continuous
I was sitting in the back row of the hall.
Past continuous + past simple with when, while, as
When I got on to the stage, the head teacher was giving
the prize to someone else.
While I was having dinner, I spilt some tomato sauce.
As I was rubbing the stain, I knocked over a glass.
While/As the head teacher was calling out the names, I
wasn't listening.

2 A:
B:
A:
B:

it/rain/when/you/get/off the train?


Yes, it was. It was horrible.
What/you/do?
I ran home fast.

3 A:
B:
A:
B:

Where/you be/when/you/get/my text?


I was at home.
What/you/do?
I was watching TV.

Past simple + past simple with when

Write

When I got home, I realised there was tomato sauce on


my top.

Choose the correct options.


1 Use the past simple / past continuous for actions that
were in progress at a time in the past.
2 Use the past simple / past continuous for completed
actions in the past.

Write an embarrassing story for the


webpage in Exercise 2. It can be true or
you can make it up.
My most embarrassing moment was
when ...

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 97.

17

2c
Grammar

Past simple and past perfect simple


after/before + gerund (-ing form)

Get started

Vocabulary Transport and travel

How long does your journey to


school take? Tell the class. Whose
journey to school is the longest?

The longest journey to school


in the world

another bus before boarding the first of two trains


BU'JOBMMZ IFXBMLFEGPSUFONJOVUFTbefore
arrivingBUTDIPPMKVTUJOUJNFGPSIJTSTUDMBTT
Santiago became a minor celebrity after appearing
in a photographic exhibition called Journeys to
4DIPPM)JTKPVSOFZXBTPOFPGUIFMPOHFTUJO
the world, but it wasnt the hardest or the most
dangerous. A Brazilian boy travelled across a
desert on a donkey to get to his school, and a Thai
girl walked for forty minutes before getting on a
rickshaw.
After becoming famous, Santiago had a lucky
break. A hurricane had affected the area where he
lived, so the local housing authority offered his family
a new apartment nearer the school. The best thing
now is that I can stay in bed a bit longer and spend
NPSFUJNFXJUINZGSJFOET(SFBUSFTVMU

How would you like to spend ve hours a day


travelling to and from school? Thats what a New
York teenager did for the rst year of his high
school life.
At the age of fourteen, Santiago Muoz, who lived in
Queens, New York, was determined to go the High
School of Science in the Bronx in the north of New
York City, twenty-six miles away. He wanted to go
there because he had heard it was the best science
school in the country. To be successful, you have to
sacrifice, he said.
 4BOUJBHPTKPVSOFZUPTDIPPMXBTMPOHBOE
complicated. After getting up at 5 a.m, he set off
GSPNIPNFUPDBUDIBCVTBU)FUIFOHPUPO

Read

Vocabulary: Transport and travel

5a

2
06

Listen and read the article. How


did Santiago become famous?

Recall Write all the forms of transport you can


remember next to the headings. Then check the Word
bank on page 108.

Comprehension

Choose the correct option.


1 Santiago travelled for two and a half
hours once / twice a day.
 )FTUBSUFEIJTKPVSOFZBU5.00 / 5.50 a.m.
3 He travelled on one bus / two buses
and one train / two trains.
4 Photographs of him / which he took
appeared in an exhibition.
 )JTKPVSOFZXBTOPUUIFhardest / longest.

S ? LVE IT!

18

What time did Santiagos


first class start?

Land: train, Sea: Air:

2
07

Extension Complete the sentences with verbs and


phrases from the box.
rDIBOHF CVTFTUSBJOTQMBOFT
rDZDMFrESJWFrGMZ
rHFUBMJGUrHFUJOPVUPG BDBS
rHFUPOHFUPGG BCVT
USBJOQMBOF
rHPCZ DBSCVTUSBJOQMBOFCPBUCJLF

rHPPOGPPUrSJEF BCJLFNPUPSCJLF
rTBJMrXBML
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

When you get off the train, go and wait outside the station.
I want to walk, lets go
.
Youre on the wrong bus!
UPBOVNCFS
Its too far to walk. Perhaps we can
from someone.
Could you stop the car, please? I want to
here.
Always wear a helmet when you
a bike.
Christopher Columbus went
to the USA. These days
we usually go
!
 .ZCSPUIFSTKVTUHPUBDBS TPOPXIF
everywhere.

2c
7

School

Complete the text. Write the past


simple, the past perfect or the -ing
form of the verbs in the box.
rBSSJWFrEFDJEFrGBMMrNJTT
rTQFOErTUBSU Y
rXBJU

.ZXPSTUKPVSOFZFWFSXBTMBTU
winter. My dad was driving me
to a basketball match about
twenty miles away. We had been in
the car for about ten minutes when
in a
it 1started to snow. After 2
USBGDKBNGPSBCPVUBOIPVS XF
3
NPWJOHBHBJOmWFSZTMPXMZ8F
4
the match by then, so we 5
to
go home. However, the roads were
closed because so much snow 6 .
After 7
the night in the car, we
8
finally
home the next morning.
What a nightmare!

Home

New York City

Grammar

Listen

Past simple and past perfect simple


He wanted to go there because he had heard it was the
best science school in the country.
A hurricane had affected the area, so the local housing
authority offered his family a new apartment.

after/before + gerund (-ing form)


After getting upBUBN IFTFUPGGUPDBUDIBCVTBU
He walked for ten minutes before arriving at school.

Practice
Complete the sentences. Write the past simple, the past
perfect simple or the -ing form of the verbs.
1 I had to buy a new ticket because Id lost the first one.
(have to/lose)
2 After
a seat on the train, Pete
asleep. (find/fall)
3 The bus
our bus stop because it
. (not reach/break
down)
4 We
the train times before
the house. (check/leave)
5 When I
to the station the train
. (get/already go)
6 Kate
really tired after
five miles home. (be/walk)

In 2012, a Dutch teenager,


Laura Dekker, became the youngest
person to sail around the world.
Listen and complete the missing
information.
1 Laura was fourteen when she set off
around the world.
2 The Dutch authorities had tried to
stop her because she was
.
3 She waited
for permission.
4 She was born on
.
5 It took her
to sail around the
world.
the
6 She stopped a lot to rest, to
boat and to avoid
.
7 She also flew home to the
Netherlands and stayed for
.

Choose the correct option.


The past perfect describes events that happened a very
long time ago / before other events in the past simple.

2
08

Speak

Tell your partner about a journey


youll never forget or a journey youd
like to take. Then tell the class.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 98.

19

2d
CURRICULUM LINK HISTORY

SKILLS FOCUS: READING

NEW WORDS
tair show t circle (v) t vocation t solo t ambitious t tragically t apply t space t expedition t space station
t launch t wealth t non-stop t glider t altitude t wreckage

20

2d
Get started

Which famous people do you


know who are connected with
travel and transport?

5a

Look at the dictionary entry for vocation and answer


the questions.

vocation /vken/ n [c] a job that you do because


you have a very strong feeling that doing this job is
the purpose of your life

Read

1 How do you pronounce the word?


2 What part of speech is it? Is it countable or uncountable?
3 What does it mean?

2
09

Read the article and


complete the Famous
achievement for each person.

b
Comprehension

Say why these years were


important for each person.
1 Amelia Earhart: 1917
It was the year when she took
her first trip in a plane.
2 Amelia Earhart: 1932
3 Helen Sharman: 1991
 4UFWF'PTTFUU
 4UFWF'PTTFUU

Answer the questions.


1 What event made Amelia
Earhart decide to become a
pilot? an air show
 8IFOEJETIFCFHJOIFSKPVSOFZ
around the world?
3 How did Helen Sharman know
BCPVUUIFBTUSPOBVUKPC
4 How many people applied for
UIFKPC
5 How could Steve Fossett afford
his adventures?
6 Where was he when he broke
the record for gliders?

Listen

2
10

Listen to a radio programme where speakers choose


their transport heroes and give reasons why. Complete the
information in the chart.

Transport heroes

Country

Achievement

The Wright Brothers


Orville Wright
m1948)

USA

1 Designed and built the first


real ___ in 19___.
2 ___ a steering system.

Henry Ford
m@@@

___

1 Produced ___
2 By 1918, ___
3 Invented ___

NASA
(created in ___ )

___

1 In 19___, it put ___.


2 It developed the ___
shuttle.
3 It helped to build the ___.

Speak

7a

Which of the famous people do you think is the most


important in the history of transport? Why?

READING TIP: DICTIONARY


SKILLS (1)
If you need to use a dictionary, use
BHPPE&OHMJTIm&OHMJTIEJDUJPOBSZ
When you look up the meaning
of a new word, you will find other
useful information: for example,
how to pronounce the word and
what part of speech it is.
Now do Exercise 5.

Look up: solo, ambitious, expedition and wealth in a


dictionary and note the information. Write an example
sentence for each word.

Think of heroes from the history of your country. Do a class


survey and find out who is the most popular person.

Write

Write a short article about one of the heroes from your


survey in Exercise 7b. Use the article about Helen Sharman
in Exercise 2 and the questions below to help you.
r 8
 IBUEJEUIJTQFSTPOEPCFGPSFIFTIFCFDBNFGBNPVT
r )PXEJEIFTIFTUBSU
r 8
 IBUJNQPSUBOUFWFOUIFMQFEUPNBLFIJNIFSGBNPVT

21

1
4

Grammar (40 marks)

/10

Complete with the past simple, past


continuous or past perfect tense.
/8

Write comparative sentences.


 4QBJOJTmuch hotter (hot) than France. MUCH
1 I dont feel better. In fact, I feel ___ (bad) ___
yesterday. A BIT
2 The final was ___ (exciting) ___ the semi-final.
NOT AS
3 Yesterdays exam was ___ (easy) ___ last
years.
A LOT
4 Delivering newspapers is ___ (rewarding) ___
working in a hospital. NOT AS
 5IFCFBDIFTJO(SFFDFBOE5VSLFZBSF@@@
(good) ___ those in the UK. FAR
/5

Write complete sentences with the present


perfect tense and for or since.
 *OPUTFF3JDIBSEUISFFZFBST
I havent seen Richard for three years.
1 We/not be/to the cinema/last December
2 I/live here/ten years
3 Jeremy/wear glasses/several years
 .ZDPVTJO+PFIBWFIJTESJWJOHMJDFODF
5 She/send ten text messages/she woke up
6 My dog/not eat anything/three days
7 He/know Emma/six months
/7

 8FWFTFFOUIJTGJMN havent we?


1 You know the answer, ___?
2 She doesnt like me, ___?
3 They werent angry, ___?
4 Josh can swim, ___?
5 Helen eats meat, ___?
6 The boys arent coming, ___?
7 I havent met Julian yet, ___?
8 This film is awful, ___?
9 Marianne has got a new laptop, ___?
 :PVEJEOUCVZUIPTFKFBOT @@@ 

Complete with the correct form of the verb.


 )PXPGUFOdo you go (go) to the cinema?
1 My sister ___ (see) her boyfriend twice a
week.
2 Dont disturb me. I ___ (do) my homework.
3 I like Sam. How long ___ (you/know) him?
4 I ___ (run) all the way to school this morning.
5 A: Wheres the ice cream?
B:4PSSZ*@@@ KVTUGJOJTI
JU
6 She (recently/take up) ___ the piano. She loves
it.
7 Alex wasnt there when I called. He ___
(already/leave).
8 Kevin arrived while we ___ (have) lunch.
9 After ___ (see) the film, he bought the DVD.
 *XBTXBUDIJOH57XIFO*@@@ IFBS
BCBOH
/10

Complete with question tags.

Vocabulary (40 marks)

Put the words into the correct category. There


are six words in each category.

Clothes and
accessories

Footwear

Jobs

Transport

fleece

flip-flops

beautician

coach

were driving
rflip-flopsrfleecercoachrbeautician
rMFHHJOHTrIFMJDPQUFSrTIPFTrSFDFQUJPOJTU
rUSBDLTVJUUPQrGFSSZrCBOHMFrNFDIBOJD
rKVNQFSrUSBJOFSTrQPMJUJDJBOrIJHIIFFMT
rMPSSZrUJHIUTrTLJJOTUSVDUPSrNPQFErCPPUT
rWBOrFMFDUSJDJBOrTBOEBMT
/10

22

Write the adjective to describe the job.

Use your English (20 marks)

 :PVEPOUFBSOWFSZNVDINPOFZ*UTCadlypaid.
1 Theres nothing to do all day. Its d__l.
2 Its useful work. Its w__e.
3 You use a lot of energy. Its t__g.
 :PVDBOHFUJOKVSFEJGZPVBSFOUDBSFGVM*UT
d__s.
5 You feel good when you get results. Its r__g.
6 You travel to exciting places. Its g__s.
7 You learn a lot while you do it. Its e__l.
 :PVKVTUTJUBUUIFUJMMBMMEBZ*UTC@@H
9 You get a chance to make things. Its c__e.
 5IFSFTBMXBZTUPPNVDIUPEP*UTT@@M
11 You get a good salary. Its w__-p__.
12 You do something different every day. Its
e__g.
/12

10

Rewrite with the correct phrasal verb.


 Turn up! It's your birthday tomorrow.
Cheer up! It's your birthday tomorrow.
1 This quiz is too difficult. I stand up.
2 Please take up when the teacher comes in.
3 Tell the truth. Don't give up stories.
4 What time should I hurry up?
5 My dad is going to stand up golf.
6 Could you wake up that paper from the floor?
/6

Choose the correct phrase.

A: Do you ___?
a) want to help b) need to help
c) need any help
B: :FT IBWFZPVHPUUIJTKVNQFS1___ different
colour? a) in a b) in c) with
A: Yes, weve got it in light blue.
B: Can I 2___, please?
a) try on b) try c) try it on
A: Sure. Over there Is it any good?
B: Its a bit small. 3___ in a larger size?
a) I want b) Have you got it c) Is it
A: Yes, heres a size 12.
B: Thank you. What 4___, Anna?
a) do you think b) you think c) do you like
C: Im sorry, but that colour 5___ you.
a) isnt right b) doesnt fit c) doesnt suit
B: OK. 6___ it. Its not quite right. Thank you.
a) Im not having b) Ill leave c) I leave /12

11 Complete with the correct word.


rEPOUrIVSU
r*NrTVSF
rhappened
rOPrHJWF
rSJHIUrGJOF

Choose the correct option.


A: What  happened? Are you all 1___?
B: Yes, 2___ OK. I was rollerblading and I fell off
my skates.
A: Did you 3___ yourself?
B: No, 4___ worry. Im 5@@@*UTKVTUNZBSN
A: Really? Are you 6___?
B: Yes, 7___ problem.
A: Can I 8___ you a hand with that bag?
B: OK. Thanks.
/8
2
11

/12

LISTEN AND CHECK YOUR SCORE

(SBNNBS

w

Vocabulary

w

Phrases/Use your English

w

Total

/100

23

3a
Grammar

Future tenses: will, going to, present


continuous

NEW PROGRAMMES FOR THE AUTUMN

to be about to + infinitive
Vocabulary Food and kitchen equipment

3 RESPONSIBILITY

Vocabulary: Food and kitchen


equipment

1a

Recall Make lists of all the food words


you know. Use the categories below.
Then check the Word bank on page 108.
rEBJSZrESJOLTrGJTIrGSVJU
rNFBUrPUIFSrSFTUBVSBOUGPPE
rTOBDLTrWFHFUBCMFT

3
01

Extension Match the pictures to


the words. Which words are not in the
pictures?
1 kettle

Crockery
rCPXMrDVQrQMBUFrTBVDFS

Read

Cutlery
rGPSLrLOJGFrTQPPO

Cooking utensils
rDBO UJO
PQFOFSrDIFFTFHSBUFS
rDIPQQJOHCPBSErGSZJOHQBOrLFUUMF
rQFFMFSrTBVDFQBOrTDBMFTrTJFWF

Listen and read the advertisement. In which


months will the TV show be filmed?

Comprehension

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


The programme offers an unusual experience. T
You have to be eighteen to take part.
There will be ten boys and ten girls on the island.
People live on the island permanently.
Participants have to find all their fresh food.
There is cutlery in the kitchen.
The company are holding auditions two months
before the filming starts.
8 Many people are already talking about the show.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Speak

1
2
3
4
5

3
03

7
8

5
10

11

12

Pronunciation: Intonation in lists

2
24

3
02

Go to page 110.

Would you apply for this reality TV show?


Why?/Why not?

3a
Practice

Complete the sentences using will, going to or


the present continuous and the verb in brackets.
1 A: Wheres your wallet?
B: Oh, no! Ive left it at home. Ill go (go) back and
get it now.
2 A: Are you free tomorrow?
B: No, sorry. Paul and I ___ (play) five-a-side
football. We always play on a Thursday.
3 A: Where are you going?
B: To see Jenny. Im fed up with our relationship.
I ___ (tell) her that its over.
4 A: Look! There isnt a cloud in the sky!
B: Yes, it ___ (be) a lovely day.
5 A: Can I go out with Tanya tonight?
B: Sorry, absolutely not. Your grandmother ___
(arrive) in half an hour.
6 A: Its an amazing story, isnt it? But its a secret.
You cant tell my mum.
B: OK. I ___ (not say) anything.

Grammar
Future tenses: will, going to, present
continuous
Match the sentences (16) to the rules (af).
1 What are you going to do?
2 Dont worry. Well come back and get you.
3 Were holding auditions on 31st January.
4 It will be a tough challenge.
5 Its going to be a hit show.
6 There wont be any running water.
To talk about the future we use:
tXJMM for a) predictions, b) future facts,
c) promises and decisions.
tHPJOHUP for d) plans and intentions,
e) predictions based on present evidence.
rUIFQSFTFOUDPOUJOVPVTGPS
f) fixed arrangements in the future.

to be about to + infinitive
Things are about to get exciting.
Use the verb to be + about to + infinitive for
something that will happen very soon.

Read the email from someone who auditioned for


the TV show. Choose the correct options.

)J(FPSHJOB
1

You ll never guess / re never guessing whats


happened. Last week I auditioned to take part in a
new reality TV show called Teen Island Challenge
and believe it or not they accepted me. 2Im being /
m going to be one of twenty teenagers spending a
month on an uninhabited Scottish island. How cool
is that! 3Were flying / re about to fly to the island
POth July. Ive told my friend Ralph about it and
before I go 4hes going to teach / teaches me how to
make a fire! Hes really good at that sort of thing.
5

It is / ll be an amazing experience. Ive thought


about it a lot and 6Ill take / m going to take a video
camera and keep a diary. Anyway, 7Im going to
give / ll give you a call when its over, I promise!
Wish me luck!
Keira

Speak

You are going to take part in Teen Island


Challenge. You can only take three things from
Exercise 1b. Which are you going to take? Why?

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 98.

25

3b
Grammar

must, mustnt, should, ought to, have (got)


to, dont have to, neednt, had better (not)
(FSVOE(-ingGPSN
BTTVCKFDUBOEPCKFDU

Vocabulary 1BSUUJNFKPCT

26

Read

3
04

Listen and read the article. How many


part-time jobs are mentioned in the text?

3b
Comprehension

Practice

Who thinks these things: Nicola, Helen, Robert


or Simon?
1 Part-time work for children isnt fair. Helen
 *EPOUXBOUBQBSUUJNFKPC ___
 "TNBMMKPCJTGJOF ___
4 I like having my own money. ___
5 School children need some free time. ___

Vocabulary: Part-time jobs

3a

1
2
3
4
5
6

3
05

Divide the jobs into those that involve


a) dealing with people b) physical work.

Physical work: delivering newspapers,


rCBCZTJUUJOHrDVUUJOHHSBTT
rEFMJWFSJOHOFXTQBQFSTrEPHXBMLJOH
rQBJOUJOHBOEEFDPSBUJOHrTFSWJOHJOBTIPQ
rTUBDLJOHTIFMWFTrUFBDIJOHDPNQVUFSTLJMMT
rXBTIJOHDBSTrXBJUJOHBUUBCMFT
Say which jobs you think are easy,
difficult, boring.
I think babysitting is easy.

must
should
have got to
must
neednt
shouldnt

have to
must
should
had better
dont have to
mustnt

should
ought to
have to
ought to
mustnt
ought not to

Choose the correct options.


1 Babysitting: You dont have to / mustnt have
qualifications.
2 Teaching computer skills: You should / must
be good at IT.
3 Serving in a shop: Youd better / neednt be
polite.
4 Delivering newspapers: You should / have to
get up early.
5 Dog-walking: Youd better not / dont have to
wear a uniform.
6 Waiting at tables: You ought to / dont have to
be smart.
7 Painting and decorating: Youd better not /
neednt have any experience.

Dealing with people: babysitting,

Choose the two verbs in each line which have


a similar meaning.

Work in pairs. How many true sentences can


you make?
wear uniforms.
be rude to their
teachers.

Police officers
have (got) to
Students

Grammar
must, mustnt, should, ought to,
have (got) to, dont have to, neednt,
had better (not)
They must leave enough time for that.
I mustn't neglect my homework.
Young people should/ought to learn about work.
They shouldnt/ought not to rely on parents.
I have to get up early on a Saturday.
I dont have to ask my parents for money.
Theyve got to do their homework, too.
Id (had) better go now.
Id (had) better not say which one.

stop at red lights.


must/mustnt

Drivers

watch horror films.


dont have to

Young children
should/shouldnt

eat fresh fruit and


vegetables.

d better (not)

work hard.

We
Teachers

go to school.
be friendly.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 98.

27

3c
Grammar

make, let, allowed to

Function

Invite, accept and refuse


with excuses

Dialogue

3
06

Listen and read. What two things are


happening on Saturday?

Lisa:
Ryan:

Hi, Ryan.
Hi, Lisa. Do you fancy going to the Rock
FM concert in the park on Saturday?
Lisa:
:FT UIBUTPVOETHSFBU*MMKVTUDIFDLXJUI
my mum. Mum, can I go to a rock concert
with Ryan this Saturday?
Mum: Sorry, but I need you to look after Danny.
Your dad and I have got tickets for the
theatre.
Lisa:
Oh, Mum! Thats so unfair! Please let me
go. You cant make me stay at home on a
Saturday evening!
Mum: Sorry, Lisa, but weve had these tickets
for weeks.
Lisa:
Oh, all right. Ryan, are you still there?
Ryan: Yes. Well, can you come on Saturday?
Lisa:
Id like to, but I cant. Im really sorry. Ive
got to look after my little brother.
Woman: Excuse me. Youre not allowed to use
your mobile phone in this compartment.
Lisa:
Oh, sorry. I didnt see the sign. Ive got to
go now, Ryan. Bye!

28

Comprehension

Answer the questions.


1
2
3
4

What does Lisa want to do next Saturday?


What are Lisas parents doing that evening?
Why is this a problem?
What is the woman annoyed about?

Grammar
make, let, allowed to
You cant make me stay at home on a
Saturday evening!
Please let me go to the concert.
Youre (not) allowed to use your mobile phone.

You cant say: Its not allowed to


use your/her mobile phone.
Choose the correct option.
The verbs make and let are followed by an
PCKFDUQSPOPVOBOEBWFSCJOUIFJOGJOJUJWF
with / without to.

3c
Practice
Use your English: Invite, accept and
refuse with excuses

3a

Explain what the signs mean, using allowed


to or not allowed to.
1 Youre not allowed to use your mobile phone.

Invite
Do you fancy going to the Rock FM concert?
Do you want to go into town this afternoon?
Can you come over and watch a DVD
this evening?
Would you like to go to the cinema tomorrow?

Accept
Yes, that sounds great.
Thanks. Id love to.
4

Refuse
Id like to, but I cant. Im really sorry.
Id love, to but Im afraid I cant.
I dont really fancy it. Sorry.

Write the same sentences using they let or


they dont let.
1 They dont let you use your mobile phone.

Make excuses
Ive got to look after my brother.
My grandparents are coming to dinner.

Report the airport instructions with make


and the pronouns in brackets. Change the
possessive adjectives where necessary.

3
08

Listen to parts of the dialogue in


Exercise 1. Then roleplay conversations
in pairs, using the prompts. Roleplay each
conversation twice, first accepting then
refusing.

Invitation
1 come shopping with
me this afternoon
2 have a pizza with us
on Sunday
3 try the new skate
park
4 do our Maths
homework together

1 Could you take off your shoes? (She/him)


She made him take off his shoes.
2 Please wait in the departure lounge. (They/us)
3 Everyone must show their ID. (They/me)
4 Id like you to open your bag. (He/her)
5 Please fasten your seatbelts. (He/them)
6 Everyone must turn off their phones. (She/us)

Excuse
go to the dentist
aunt and uncle coming
over for the day
look after my little
sister
take the dog for a walk

Listen

3
07

Lisa is looking after her younger brother,


Danny. Listen and answer the questions.
1
2
3
4
5
6

What has Danny got for dinner?


What vegetable(s) does he agree to eat?
What time does Batman start?
What time does it finish?
How many stories does Lisa read to Danny?
What does she let him do?

Speak

Tell the class about your rules at home and the


jobs your parents make you do.

Write

Write the rules in your school about


the following:
a) the use of mobile phones
D
NBLFVQBOEKFXFMMFSZ

b) MP3 players
E
TOBDLT

1 Youre allowed to bring your mobile phone to


school, but youre not

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 98.

29

3d
REAL LIFE ISSUE

SKILLS FOCUS: LISTENING AND SPEAKING

30

Koor Deng

3d
Listen
NEW WORDS
trefugee teldest tcivil war tarmed ttrust (v)
tpride trespect (v) tsituation teventually
tborder trefugee camp tvisa tpay back

Read

3
09

Read the story. Where does Koors father


want Koor to go?

LISTENING TIP: LISTEN FOR MOOD


The intonation and tone of voice of a speaker
can help you to understand his or her mood. This
helps you to understand what he or she is saying.
Now do Exercise 5.

3
10

Listen and choose the correct answers.

Comprehension

Answer the questions.


1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Where is Koor from? a country in Africa


What happened when Koor was fifteen?
In what ways was Koors town dangerous?
Where did Koors parents take the family?
What was the refugee camp like?
What did Koors father want Koor to do?
What did Koors mother and uncle want
Koor to do?
1 What did Koor decide to do in the end?
a) stay in his country b) move to the USA
c) move to the UK
2 How does Lauren feel about the new student?
a) excited b) OK c) unhappy
3 How does Ashton feel about the new student?
a) excited b) OK c) unhappy
4 Ashton feels like this because
a) the new student is from another country.
b) the class is full.
c) hes met the new student before.
5 Where are Ashtons grandparents from?
a) Iran and Italy b) Italy and Ireland
c) Ireland and the UK

Speak your mind!


SPEAKING TIP: TAKE TIME TO PREPARE
Before you start speaking, take some time to
prepare what you want to say. Try to use new
language to make your point. This will help to
improve your speaking.
Now do Exercise 3.

3a

Roleplay. Work in groups of three. Choose


one of the roles below and prepare.

Student A: You are Koors father. You want him


to apply for a refugee visa and go to the USA.
You think he will be safe there.

Write

6
Student B: You are Koors mother. You want him
to stay and help the family in the refugee camp.
He is still young and you dont want him to
travel alone.
Student C: You are Koors uncle. You think Koor
should go to the capital of your country. You
have some friends there who can help him.

Act out the roleplay and decide what Koor


should do.

Say what you think Koor should do.

Imagine you are Koor. You have been in the


USA for a month. Write a letter to your parents.
Paragraph 1: Ask how the family are and say that
you miss them.
Paragraph 2: Tell them about your life in the USA.
m64"TUSBOHF CVUOJDF
mQFPQMFWFSZGSJFOEMZ
mIBWFUXPGSJFOETBMSFBEZ"TIUPOBOE-BVSFO
mIBWF4BUVSEBZKPCJOBQJ[[BSFTUBVSBOU
Paragraph 3: Talk about your plans for the future.
mXJMMTFOENPOFZTPPO
mTJTUFSDBODPNFUPUIF64"TPPO
Dear Mother and Father,
How are you? How is Uncle Ngor and how are

31

4a
Grammar

Defining and non-defining relative


clauses

Vocabulary Phrasal verbs with on

Comprehension

1 Where did most people use computers in 1995?


In schools, libraries and offices
2 Where did the children make the video?
3 Why is the childrens video remarkable?
4 What do futurologists do?
5 What might be different about cars in the future?

Get started

4 ENTERTAINMENT

32

Imagine life without the internet. In


pairs, write down five ways in which
life would be different and then tell
the class.
It would be harder to ...
We wouldnt have ...

Answer the questions in pairs.

S ? LVE IT!

How old is the World Wide Web?

Read

4
01

Listen and read the webpage.


Choose the best title.
a) The history of the internet
b) Child inventors
c) Computers: past, present and future

Speak

Look at the predictions at the end of the text.


Are they already coming true? What other
things do you predict?

4a
Grammar

Relative clauses
Defining relative clauses
1 There were plenty of people who/that had never
seen one.
2 Smart glasses which/that have tiny computers in
them.
3 Futurologists are people whose KPCJTUPQSFEJDUUIF
future.
4 They were mostly in places where people worked
or studied.
5 The children (who/that) we see in the video made
accurate predictions.
6 Theyre huge machines (which/that) you only see in
museums these days.

1 The children had computers at school. (the


video shows)
The children who/that we see in the video
had computers at school.
The children we see in the video had
computers at school.
2 Soon well have computers. (we can have
conversations with)
3 Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide
Web. (was born in London in 1955)
4 The internet is especially useful for people.
(cant go out to shops or libraries)
5 You can look online at places. (youre going
to go on holiday)
6 Keyboards wont be necessary in the future.
(are based on old-fashioned typewriters)
7 The founder of Facebook became a
billionaire at the age of twenty-four. (name
is Mark Zuckerberg)
8 Fifty years ago, people didnt have phones.
(they could carry in their pockets)

Non-defining relative clauses


7 Some children, who were lucky enough to have
computers at school, made a video.
8 The childrens ideas, which sounded like science
fiction back then, had come true.
9 Futurologists, whoseKPCJTUPQSFEJDUUIFGVUVSF 
agree there will be changes.
Choose the correct options.
1 Only defining / non-defining relative clauses can
use that.
2 You can omit the relative pronoun in defining
relative clauses (sentences 5 and 6) when it is the
subject / object of the clause.

Sentences 18 are incomplete. Add the


phrases in brackets, and relative pronouns
and commas where necessary. Which
sentences can be written in different ways?

Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs with on

4
02

Complete the sentences with the


correct phrasal verb. Then listen and
check.

Practice

Read the text and complete it with which, that,


who, where, whose or .There is sometimes
more than one answer.
3-D printers
Would you like a machine 1that creates
furniture for you, in your own home? Well,
one day soon, itll be possible! Tom Evans, an
inventor 2
designs have won international
awards, explains:
3-D printers are machines 3
print solid
4
PCKFDUT5IFPCKFDUT 
are made of plastic,
can be small, everyday items like cups and
plates or larger things like chairs and tables.
these things are
I predict that the factories 5
made at the moment will close down and the
people 6
work there will need new skills.
So, will the 3-D printer be something 7
we
will all soon own, or will it never catch on? Only
time will tell.

rDBSSZPOrDBUDIPOrDPVOUPO
rHFUPOrIPMEPOrMPHPO
rTXJUDIPOrUSZPO
1 Its dark in here. Ill switch on the lights.
 %POUTUPQXIBUZPVSFEPJOHmQMFBTF
.
3 Do you think this new fashion will
everywhere?
4 Ive forgotten my password so I cant
.
5 Dont worry, Im youre friend. You can
me.
6 Sam and his sister often argue. They dont
very well, Im afraid.
7 You want to speak to Mr Smith?
, Ill get
him.
8 Excuse me, can I
these shoes, please?

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 99.

33

4b
Grammar

Function

Present perfect simple with just,


already, before, never, ever, yet
Superlatives with the present perfect
simple
React to good and bad news

Dialogue

4
03

Listen and read. Who gets a present?

Sophie: Look! Ive just won this necklace!


Lisa: (PPEGPSZPV*ve never won anything at a
fair.
Sophie: Never mind. The prizes arent that great.
Lisa: What did you do to win it?
Sophie: I knocked three tins down with three balls.
You know, this is the most fun Ive had for
ages!
Josh: Why dont you have a go, too, Lisa?
*UTPOMZQBHP
Lisa: I cant. Ive already spent all my money.
Ryan: Hey, we havent tried this game yet.
Are you up for it, Josh?
Josh: I dont know. I havent done it before.
Man: You get three darts and you have to hit
the cards.
Josh: OK. Ill have a go.
Ryan: Its dead easy. Watch this. Oops! Missed!
Josh: Hard luck. Its my turn now. ... Yes!!
Sophie: Thats brilliant, Josh! Well done!
Man: Here you are, sir.
Josh: Ive won a giant teddy bear!
Sophie: Thats the biggest bear Ive ever seen!
Josh: Here, Lisa. Its a present for you.
Lisa: Oh! Thats er great, Josh. Thanks.

34

Comprehension

Answer the questions. Write S (Sophie),


L (Lisa), J (Josh) or R (Ryan).
Who:
1 won a necklace? S
2 doesnt win prizes at fairs?
3 threw three balls and knocked down three
tins?
4 is very confident about the game?
5 is better at the game?
6 wins a teddy bear?

rthat

great
r dead easy

have a go r up for it
r Hard luck. r Its my turn.

4b
Grammar
Present perfect simple with just, already,
before, never, ever, yet

Use your English: React to good


and bad news

Past continuous
Ive just won this necklace.
Ive never won anything at a fair.
Ive already spent all my money.
Have you tried this game yet?
We havent tried this game yet.
I havent done it before.
Complete the rules.
1 The time adverbs just, already, never and ever come
before the main ___ in a sentence.
2 The time adverbs ___ and ___ come at the end of
the sentence.
3 Yet is only used for questions and ___ sentences.

Superlatives with the present perfect simple


This is the most fun Ive had for ages!
Thats the biggest bear Ive ever seen!

Practice

Complete the computer game review with the present


perfect simple or past simple.

Have
yet

React to good news


Wow! Thats great/brilliant!
Thats really cool/amazing!
How fantastic!
Well done!
(PPEGPSZPV
React to bad news
Oh, no! Thats awful/too bad!
Thats really horrible/miserable!
How terrible!
Poor you!/You poor thing!
Thats a real shame/a pity.
Im really sorry to hear that.
Never mind.
Cheer up!

Pronunciation: Falling intonation


in exclamations

played

5
6

Write sentences using the present perfect simple


with ever and a superlative.
1 That/nice thing/you/say!
Thats the nicest thing
youve ever said!
2 That/bad CD/they/hear.

3
4
5
6

This/good/holiday/we/have.
This/delicious meal/I/eat.
That/difficult game/she/play.
That/fast car/he/ever drive.

4
04

Go to page 110.

4
05

Listen again to part of the


dialogue in Exercise 1. Then make
more conversations in pairs. Use the
prompts below.
 .ZDPNQVUFSKVTUDSBTI
A: My computer has just crashed.
B: Oh, no! Thats awful.
2 These are/good/exam results/
I/ever/have!
3 Im really tired. I/not/sleep/for two days.
 *KVTUHFUUJDLFUTGPSUIF
Beyonc concert.
5 That was/bad pizza/I/ever eat.
6 My cat/die/last week.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 99.

35

4c
Grammar

Present perfect simple and


continuous with for and since
Present perfect simple for
numbers and amounts

S ? LVE IT!

How old was Lewis when he


passed his driving test?

Vocabulary Words connected with music

Comprehension

Get started

Can you name any Formula One racing


drivers? How do you think they spend their
free time between races?

Read

HOME

4
06

Listen and read the article. When did


Lewis Hamilton buy a plane?

DRIVERS

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


1 Lewis had to pass his driving test before he
could drive for McLaren. F
2 He was captain of his school football team.
3 He only listens to reggae music.
4 He can play the guitar well.
5 He owns a gold guitar.
6 He flies his own plane.

CARS

RACES

free-time formula

Factfile: Lewis Hamilton

36

1985

Born in Stevenage, UK

1998

Became professional racing driver


Started playing the guitar

2007

Drove in his first Formula One race


Won his first Formula One race

2008

Won the Formula One world championship

2011

Bought Princes gold guitar

2013

#PVHIUBQSJWBUFKFU

4c
Grammar

Present perfect simple with for and


since

1 We have been living (live) in the centre of town since


the end of last year.
2 How many cups of coffee ___ (she/drink)?
3 She ___ (have) glasses ___ she was ten years old.
4 My mother ___ (look) for her keys ___ over an hour.
5 How many hours ___ (he/sit) at that computer?
6 Wheres Jason? I ___ (not/see) him ___ weeks.
7 I ___ (play) tennis three times this week.

Hes been an Arsenal fan for most of his life.


Since then, he has become a world-famous
racing driver.

Present perfect continuous with


for and since
Hes been playing the guitar for many years.
Ive been listening to Bob Marley ever since
I was a child.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the


verbs and for or since where necessary.

Vocabulary: Words connected with music

7a

Recall Write all the musical instruments you can


think of next to the headings. Then check the Word
bank on page 109.

You can use the present perfect simple or continuous


with work and live.

Present perfect simple for


numbers and amounts

String: guitar,

Hes stood on the winners podium dozens


of times.

Read the factfile about Lewis Hamilton.


Then ask and answer questions with
How long ? Use the present perfect
simple or continuous and the prompts
below. Answer with for, then with since.
1 be/a professional driver
A: How long has he been a professional
driver?
B: Hes been a professional driver for
years.
Hes been a professional driver since
1998/he was thirteen.
2 drive/in Formula One races
3 play/the guitar
4 own/a gold guitar
 USBWFMCZQSJWBUFKFU

4
07

Extension Look at the words in the box. Which


ones are people?

Now give an example of the following:


1
2
3
4
5
6

Practice

Other: piano,

rBMCVNrCBDLJOHTJOHFSrCBOErCFBU
rDIBSUTrMFBETJOHFSrMZSJDTrQSPEVDFS
rSBQQFSrTJOHMFrTPOHrTPOHXSJUFS
rUSBDLrWPJDF

Make rules.
Which tense do we use:
mXJUITUBUJWFWFSCT  FHbe, have, see,
like)?
mXJUIWFSCTBCPVUBOBDUJPOPWFSBQFSJPE
of time?
mXIFOXFXBOUUPTBZIPXNVDIPSIPX
many things weve done?

Wind: trumpet,

a popular hit single


a lead singer and a band you like
a current album that is high in the charts
a good track on the album
a song with a strong drum beat
a song with good lyrics

Listen

4
08

Stevie Simpson sings in a Bob Marley tribute


band. Listen to the interview and answer the
questions.
How long has Stevie Simpson ...
1
2
3
4
5

lived in the UK? for three years


been a professional musician?
been a fan of Bob Marley?
been part of the Bob Marley tribute band?
been playing the saxophone?

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 99.

37

4d
ACROSS CULTURES

SKILLS FOCUS: WRITING


Get started

Comprehension

3a

What sort of books do you like reading? What


have you read recently that you have really
enjoyed?

Read

4
09

Read the book review and extract. How far


into the future is the book set?

A BOOK IVE ENJOYED

The

Time

Machine
by H.G.Wells

Write the questions to the answers.

1 )(8FMMTWho wrote The Time Machine?


2 1894.
3 A science fiction book.
4 In a time machine.
 *OUIFZFBS 
6 They live underground.

The Time Machine is a science ction book by


H.G.Wells, who was a famous British author. He
wrote the book in 1894. It is about a journey
through time in a time machine. The book
forecasts space travel and nuclear wars as well
as predicting genetically modied foods.
The main character is an inventor who lives in London.
Hes called simply the Time Traveller. He builds a time
machine and sets off on a journey which takes him into
the future. He arrives in the year 802,701. He expects
to nd a better world with more intelligent people and
great inventions. Instead he discovers a world where
people have become happy, child-like creatures. These
people, the Eloi, are not only physically smaller, but
also less intelligent than people in the present day.
Whats more, they have become weak. While he gets to
know the Eloi, the Time Traveller forgets about his time
machine. He suddenly realises that it has mysteriously
disappeared. During his search for it, he meets a second
group of creatures, the Morlocks, who live underground.
They are the workers and they are strong, but they
are also evil and violent. After ghting the Morlocks,
the Time Traveller nds his time machine, which the
Morlocks have stolen and hidden. He returns to the
present time to tell his friends the story of his time travel.
Ive just nished this book and I enjoyed every minute
of it. Its one of the most exciting books Ive read for
a long time.
Terri Edwards (16)

38

4d
b

Answer the questions.

Listen

The review
1 What does the Time Traveller notice about the
size, strength and intelligence of the Eloi?
2 What happens to the time machine?
3 How are the Morlocks different from the Eloi?
4 How does the Time Traveller get his time
machine back?

4
10

Listen to Harry discussing The Time


Machine with his father. Answer true (T), false
(F) or doesnt say (DS).
1 Harry is writing a book review of The Time
Machine. T
2 His father read the book when he was sixteen.
3 Harry thinks the book is exciting.
4 The main character doesnt have a name.
5 The Time Traveller panics when he cant find his
time machine.
 5IFZNBEFBGJMNPGUIFCPPLZFBSTBHP
7 The book shows that people can be gentle as
well as violent, and lazy as well as hard-working.

The extract
5 What does he notice about the natural world?
6 How healthy were people?
7 What social change did he find surprising?
8 In what way can difficulties in life be good?

An extract from The Time Machine

Speak

The Time Traveller has just met the Eloi.

1 Have you read any science fiction books or seen


BOZTDJFODFGJDUJPOGJMNT %JEZPVFOKPZUIFN 
2 Imagine you travel in a time machine to the year
8IBUDIBOHFTEPZPVUIJOLZPVXPVME
see in these areas?

At the top of a hill, I sat down and looked at our world.


Here I could see that these changes had been made. The air
was free of unpleasant insects, the earth was free of weeds.
Everywhere there were fruits and pleasant owers. Beautiful
birds ew here and there. And I saw no diseases during my
stay.
There had been social changes as well. I saw people living in
ne buildings, beautifully dressed, but I hadnt yet found them
doing any work. The shop, the advertisement, buying and
selling all of these things which are so important to us had
all disappeared.
I thought of the small size of the people and their low
intelligence. People had been strong, energetic and intelligent,
and had used this energy to change their living conditions.
Difculties make people strong and clever and help them to
work together. But where were these dangers now?

Talk about you. Answer the questions.

rQFPQMFrGPPErIFBMUIrFEVDBUJPO
rXPSLrUSBOTQPSUrNPOFZ

Write
WRITING TIP: LINKERS AS WELL AS;
WHATS MORE; NOT ONLY , BUT ALSO
8FDBOKPJOUXPJEFBTJOPOFTFOUFODFCZVTJOH
pairs of linkers, e.g. not only , but also and we
can add points with as well as and Whats more.
The book forecasts space travel and nuclear wars
as well as predicting genetically modified foods.
They are not only physically smaller, but also less
intelligent. Whats more, they have become weak.

1 She is intelligent. She is very beautiful.


As well as being intelligent, she is very beautiful.
She is not only intelligent, but also very beautiful.
Shes intelligent. Whats more, shes beautiful.
2 He speaks Spanish. And he speaks French.
 )FTHPUBOFXKPC"OEIFTHPUBOFXMBQUPQ
4 Ive read The Time Machine. Ive seen the film.

NEW WORDS
t forecast (v) t nuclear war t predict
t genetically modied t creature t weak
t mysteriously t evil t violent t

ght (v)
t insects t weeds t disease t low intelligence
t energetic t living conditions t difculty/ies

Join the sentences in three ways.

Write a review of a book which you have read and


enjoyed. For help with writing book reviews, go
to the Writing bank on page 112.

39

2
Grammar (40 marks)

Choose the correct options.

 %JEZPVSQBSFOUTlet you stay out late last


night?
1 Our teacher ___ us do a test yesterday.
2 My brother wont ___ me to use his football.
3 When his car broke down he ___ us push it.
4 Dont ___ him use your laptop. Hell break it.
5 Were you ___ to eat a lot of sweets as a child?
/5

 A: Ive left my keys inside.


B: Dont worry. I ___ and get them for you.
a) m going to go b) ll go c) m going
1 A: Have you booked your summer holiday yet?
B: Yes, we have. We ___ two weeks in Portugal.
a) re spending b) ll spend
c) re about to spend
2 A:)BWFNZCPPLTGSPN(FSNBOZBSSJWFEZFU
B: No. We ___ you when they arrive.
a) are about to call b) ll call c) re calling

4 A: What time is it? The match starts at three.


B: Its five minutes to three. It ___.
a) s about to start b) ll start c) s starting

Combine the sentences to include defining or


non-defining relative clauses.
*WFTFFOUIFNBOCFGPSF )FXBTUBMLJOHUP
you.)
Ive seen the man who was talking to you before.
1 The girl is Pauls sister. (She was at the party.)
2 The British Museum is fantastic. (Its free.)
3 Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452. (His most
famous painting is the Mona Lisa.)
4 I like Rowan Atkinson. (He plays Mr Bean.)
5 Thats the restaurant. (We had our first date.)
6 Thats the caf. (Your brother recommended it.)
/12

3 A: My brother is going to university next year.


B: Really. What ___?
a) does he study b) he studies
c) is he going to study

5 A:5IFZSFMPTJOHm5IFNBOBHFSMPPLT
angry.
B: Im sure he ___ at the team at half-time.
a) ll shout b) s about to shout c) s shouting
/5

Complete the sentences with the correct form


of make, let or allowed.

Complete the sentences with the present


perfect simple or continuous and for or since.

Complete the rules with the verbs from the box.


rmust Y
rTIPVME Y
rIBWFrNVTUOU
rOFFEOUrEPOUIBWFrTIPVMEOU

t Everyone 0must wear a helmet. This is


essential when you ski or snowboard.
tAll beginners 1___ go to ski school. Good skiers
and boarders 2___ go if they dont want to.

Int:

tYou can go into the village after skiing, but you


3
___ be back later than 7 p.m.
tYou ___ to make your bed every morning, but you
5
___ to clean the room. Cleaners will do this.
4

Leo:
Int:
Leo:

tEveryone 6___ wear a high protection sun cream.


Int:
Leo:

tIf youre a beginner, you 7___ stay on the easy


green and blue slopes. You 8___ try any red slopes
unless you are very condent.

Int:
Leo:
/8

40

How long  have you been (be) in the heavy


metal band Headz Up?
I 1___ (be) the drummer 2___ two years.
When did you start to play the drums?
A long time ago. In fact, I 3___ (play) the
drums 4___ I was a teenager.
Have you got a new album?
Yes, we 5___ (work) on a new album 6___
February. Its nearly finished.
7
___ you always 8___ (love) heavy metal?
No, I havent. I 9___ always ___ (prefer)
classical music, but I earn more in this band!
w

Vocabulary (40 marks)

Complete with an item of kitchen equipment.


 :PVHSBUFDIFFTFXJUIBcheese grater.
1 You peel potatoes with a p___.
2 You fry onions in a f___ p___.
3 You open cans with a c___ o___.
4 You boil water in a k___.
5 You eat soup from a b___.
6 You slice onions with a k___.
7 You measure the weight of something on s___.
/7

Circle the odd word out. Match a category


from the box to the other three words.
rESJOLTrSFTUBVSBOUGPPErGSVJUrTOBDLT
rfishrWFHFUBCMFTrEBJSZrNFBU
rNVTJDBMJOTUSVNFOUTrEFTTFSUT
 QSBXOTBSEJOFZPHIVSUTBMNPOfish
1 cucumber crisps sandwich biscuit ___
2 lasagne garlic bread clarinet
spaghetti Bolognese ___
3 chicken beef steak ravioli ___
4 lamb violin cello keyboard ___
5 cream butter onion cheese ___
 DPMBGSVJUKVJDFNJOFSBMXBUFSNFMPO@@@
7 fruit salad sardine cheesecake apple pie
___
8 tea mushroom beans potato ___
9 peach trumpet grape strawberry ___
/18

Complete with a phrasal verb.

Match a word or phrase from column A to one


from column B to make part-time jobs.
0 e) babysitting
A

 CBCZ
1 delivering
2 washing
3 dog4 serving
5 teaching
6 painting
7 cutting
8 waiting

B
a) in a shop
b) cars
c) and decorating
d) at tables
e) sitting
f) grass
g) newspapers
h) walking
i) computer skills

rDBUDIPOrMPHPOrIPMEPOrcount on
rTXJUDIPOrDBSSZPOrHFUPOrUSZPO
 4IFTSFBMMZSFMJBCMF:PVDBOcount on her.
1 Did you ___ this shirt before you bought it?
2 I don't think the new design will ___ on.
3 As soon as they get home they ___ the TV!
4 Im tired. I have to stop working. I cant ___.
5 You need a password to ___ to that website.
6 ___ tight! I dont want you to fall off.
7 Do you ___ well with your brother?
/7

Use your English (20 marks)

10

Complete the sentences. Then put the


conversation in order.
a) Ben: Thats a shame. Are you going out?
b) Ben: That museum is great! 1___ you come
out in the evening?
c) Jo: Fine, 2___. And you?
d) Jo: )JTGBWPVSJUFmTBVTBHFT)FZ 3___ you
fancy going out 4___ Sunday instead?
e) Ben: What are you going to cook?
f) Jo: Yes, were going 5___ the Railway
Museum.
g) Ben: Yes, Sunday 6___ great.
h) Ben: 7___, Jo. How are you?
i) Ben: Not 8___, thanks. Do you 9___ to go
bowling tomorrow afternoon?
 K
 Jo: Id ___ to, but I cant. Its my dads
birthday.
k) Jo: No, I cant. Im going to cook dinner
for Dad in the evening.
w

4
11

/8

LISTEN AND CHECK YOUR SCORE

(SBNNBS

w

Vocabulary

w

Phrases/Use your English

w

Total

/100

41

5a
Grammar

First conditional with if, unless,


provided that, as long as

5 NATURAL WORLD

Vocabulary Landscape and natural environment

42

Read

5
01

Listen and read the newspaper article. How


many emails are in favour of the rock festival?

Get started

Comprehension

Have you ever been to a large pop


festival or music concert? What was it
like? How many people were there?

Complete the information.


1
2
3
4
5

Location of festival: near Hartley


Number of people expected:
Local residents plans:
Arguments against the festival:
Arguments for the festival:

Plans for rock festival


worry locals
by our local correspondent ALAN BLACK

5a
Vocabulary: Landscape and natural environment

Recall Complete the words. List other words that you know
for landscape and environment. Then check the Word bank
on page 109.
1 c _ _ st

3 w _ terf _ ll

5 v _ lle _

7 oc _ _ n

2r_v_r

4d_s__t

6 mo _ nt _ _ n

8 h _ _ b _ ur

1 not rain > we go to the beach


tomorrow (if)
If it doesnt rain, well go to the
beach tomorrow.
2 you/promise to be/careful >
I/let you ride my bike to school
(as long as)
3 he/leave now > he/be late for his
lesson (unless)
4 you/concentrate > you/not have
any problems in the exam (if)
5 the students/take notes >
they/forget most of the lesson
(unless)
6 you/not invite/Mark > I/not come
to your party (if)
7 you/give it back tomorrow > l/lend
you my camera (provided that)

Grammar
First conditional with if, unless, provided that,
as long as
If the council agrees, the river might end up full of rubbish.
Unless I move out of the village, I wont get any sleep!
Provided that people tidy up, there wont be a problem.
As long as the concert is well organised, the village wont suffer.
Choose the correct options.
1 Unless has a similar meaning to if / if + not.
2 Provided that and as long as have a similar meaning
to if / if + not.
3 In first conditional sentences, the main verb in the if clause
is in the present / future tense.

Speak

Practice

Write sentences using the word or


phrase in brackets.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb


in brackets.

Roleplay a discussion about a rock


festival near your town.
Make notes before you speak. Use
the ideas below to help you.
Student A: You are against the
festival.
Student B: You are for the festival.

Write
1

Ryan: Mrs Brown, will it be (be) OK if we ___ (have) a party in


class at the end of term?
Mrs B: Well, I think it 3___ (be) all right, provided that you
4
___ (tidy up) after youve finished.
Ryan: Of course we will. Were going to have music, too,
unless that 5___ (be) a problem.
Mrs B: No, it 6___ (not be) a problem, as long as you
7
___ (not disturb) the other classes.
Ryan: We wont play it too loud, dont worry.
Mrs B: OK. Ill have to check with the head teacher.
If he 8___ (say) no, you 9___ (have to) forget it.

Write an email to the local


newspaper giving your opinion of
the planned festival.
Dear Points of View,
Ive been reading about the plans for a
huge rock festival near our town. I think
its idea because

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 100.

43

5b
Grammar

Future time clauses with when, until,


as soon as, by the time, before

Vocabulary Extreme weather and natural disasters

24
TV
Get started

Comprehension

Imagine you have to leave your home quickly,


in an emergency. What would you take with
you? Choose one thing and tell the class.

Read

44

5
02

Listen and read the news report. Who


must and who must not stay where they are?

Answer the questions in pairs.


1 Where is Rick? in the basement of his house
(in Florida)
2 Why is Rick there?
 8IBUIBWFUIFZKVTUMPTU
4 Where is Fiona?
5 What is going to happen very soon?
6 What have most people already done?

5b
Vocabulary: Extreme weather and
natural disasters

5
03

Work in pairs. Which words can you see


in the photos?
1 tornado
rBWBMBODIFrCMJ[[BSErESPVHIU
rFBSUIRVBLFrGBNJOFrGMPPErHBMF
rIBJM TUPSN
rIFBUXBWF
rIVSSJDBOFDZDMPOFrMBOETMJEFrMJHIUOJOH
rTOPX TUPSN
rUIVOEFS TUPSN
rUPSOBEP
rUTVOBNJrWPMDBOJDFSVQUJPO

Grammar
Future time clauses with when, until, as
soon as, by the time, before
Theyll let us know when its too dangerous to
stay.
We wont really know until we leave the basement.
Well be back on air as soon as we can.
Therell be quite a lot of damage by the time this
is over.
We wont leave here before we get the all clear.
Choose the correct option.
The verb in the time clause is in the
present / future tense.

1
2

Practice

1 When / Until the hurricane reaches (reach)


land, itll cause a lot of damage.
2 We
(stay) upstairs until / as soon as the
floods go down.
3 By the time / Until the blizzard stops, the snow
(be) very deep.
4 Will you get home until / before the
thunderstorm
(start)?
5 They
(tell) everyone before / when its safe
to go out.
6 The rescue workers
(get) here as soon as /
by the time they can.
7 There
(not be) enough food when / until
theres enough water.
8 Well build stronger houses as soon as /
before another earthquake
(happen).

Choose the correct options and write the


correct form of the verb in brackets.

Listen

5
04

Listen to part of a radio programme and


complete the notes.

lie down

2
3
4

Speak

Talk about your country. Answer the


questions.
1 Do you ever have extreme weather or natural
disasters in your country?
2 What sort of extreme weather or natural
disasters do you never get?

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 100.

45

5c
Grammar

in case + present simple

Vocabulary Camping equipment


Function

Make and respond to requests

Dialogue

5
05

Listen and read the dialogue. What does


Josh want to borrow and why?

r(Ill)

The four friends are planning to go camping.


Sophie: I need a warm sleeping bag in case it
gets cold in the tent at night. I think that
one might be good.
Man: Yes, can I help you?
Sophie: Yes, would you mind showing me that
sleeping bag, please?
Man: Sure. Ill open it up for you.
Ryan: What about you, Lisa? What are you after?
Lisa:
A waterproof anorak in case it rains all the
time.
Josh: Ryan, do you think you could lend me 4?
I want to buy this book, but Ive only got a
fiver on me.
Ryan: Sure. Here you are.
Josh: Thanks. Thats brilliant. Ill give it back to
you tomorrow. Excuse me. Id like this book,
please.
Woman: Certainly. Heres your change. Five pence.
Josh: 5IBOLT(SFBU/PXXFXPOUHFUCPSFEJGUIF
weather turns bad.
Ryan: What book is it?
Josh: 101 Things To Do in a Thunderstorm.
Ryan: How sad is that!

46

open it up r What are you after?


r Ive only got (a fiver) on me.
r How sad is that!

Comprehension

Complete the sentences.


1 Sophie wants a warm sleeping bag
because it might get cold.
2 She asks a sales assistant to ___.
3 It might rain so Lisa wants to ___.
4 Josh hasnt got enough money to ___
so he asks Ryan to ___.
5 Josh is worried that they might ___
if it rains.

S ? LVE IT!

Read the dialogue again. How


much did the book cost?

5c
Grammar
in case + present simple
I need a warm sleeping bag in case it gets cold.
I want an anorak in case it rains.
What is the difference?
Ill buy some more bread in case Rory comes.
Ill buy some more bread if Rory comes.

Practice

Josh is going on a bike ride. Match the


objects (16) to the reason hes taking it
(af). Then make sentences with in case.
1 e) Hes taking a bottle of water in case he
needs a drink.

1 a bottle of water
2 a camera
3 a waterproof anorak
4 a packet of chocolate biscuits
5 a pair of swimming trunks and a towel
6 a map
a) maybe hell want to go for a swim
b) perhaps hell get hungry
c) he might get lost
d) he may want to take some photos
e) he will probably need a drink
f) it might rain

Vocabulary: Camping equipment

5a

5
06

In pairs, look at the words from the


box. Decide on the five most important
items to take on a camping trip.

Make a polite request


Do you think I could borrow 4?
Would you mind lending me 4?
Could you go to the shops
for me?
Agree to a request
Sure. Here you are.
Of course not. No problem.
Yes, of course.
Thank and make a promise
Thanks. Ill give it back tomorrow.
Thank you. Thats really kind of you.
Thanks a lot. Ill do the same for you
one day.
Refuse with a reason
Im sorry I cant. I havent got 4.
Id rather not if you dont mind.
Im afraid I cant. Im busy.
Accept the reason
Never mind.
It doesnt matter.
OK. Dont worry.

Pronunciation: Rising intonation


in polite requests

5
07

Go to page 110.

Listen

5
08

Say why the friends need each item. Use in


case or the infinitive of purpose with to.

Listen to part of the dialogue in


Exercise 1 again. Have a similar conversation
using the prompts below.
Student A: You are at Student Bs house.

They need a camping stove in case they want


to cook some food.
They need a camping stove to cook some
food.

A:
B:
A:
B:

1 tent,

Use your English: Make and respond


to requests

rDBNQJOHTUPWFrDPNQBTT
rJOTFDUSFQFMMFOUrNBUDIFTrQBJOLJMMFST
rQFOLOJGFrQMBTUFSTrSVDLTBDL
rTMFFQJOHCBHrTVOUBOMPUJPOrUFOU
rUJOPQFOFSrUPSDIrXBMLJOHCPPUT

Ask to borrow Bs mobile phone. Say why.


Agree.
Promise to give it back in a minute.
Ask if A can return some DVDs to the rental
shop on his/her way home. Say why.
A: Refuse politely with a reason.
B: Accept the reason.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 101.

47

5d
CURRICULUM LINK GEOGRAPHY

SKILLS FOCUS: READING

Frozen rivers
GLACIER FACTFILE

How is a glacier formed?

Where are glaciers found?

Does anything live on a glacier?

What is the connection between


glaciers and global warming?

48

NEW WORDS
t frozen t glacier t global warming t cover (v) t form (v) t compact (adj) t downhill
t chunk t oat (v) t region t continuous t snowfall t constant t soil t seal
t polar bear t worm t rise t worldwide t melt t release (v) t sea level t major

Computer-generated
image of London ooding

5d
Read

Listen

5
09

Read the factfile and the article. What


danger do glaciers face nowadays?

Comprehension

Before you listen, check the meaning of


these words: steel, hole, radio operator. Then
listen to a lecture about the sinking of the Titanic
and answer the questions.
1
2
3
4
5
6

When did the disaster happen? 1912


Where was the iceberg probably from?
What was the weather like on that night?
What was the first explanation for the sinking?
What was the later explanation?
Why didnt the radio operators give the messages
to the captain?
7 Why couldnt the ship stop in time?

Read the the factfile again. Write the


questions to the answers.
1 thousands
How many glaciers are there in Alaska?
 QFSDFOU
3 75 per cent
 NFUSFT

5
10

Read the article again and answer


the questions.
1 How does snow eventually become a
glacier?
2 What can happen when a glacier meets the
sea?
3 Why can this be dangerous for ships?
4 What sort of regions have glaciers?
5 Why is it surprising that animals live on
glaciers?
6 What happens as the glaciers melt?

READING TIP: DICTIONARY SKILLS (2)

Speak

When you look up a word in a dictionary, look


at the example sentences to see the different
meanings of the word in context.

The reporter wants to know:


1 where you were when the iceberg hit the ship
A: Where were you when the iceberg hit the ship?
B: I was in the radio room.
2 if you received any messages about icebergs
3 what you did with the messages
4 why you didnt give the messages to the captain
5 what you did when the ship hit the iceberg

4a

Read the dictionary entry and answer


the questions.

float / flt / v. 1 to stay or move on the surface


of a liquid without sinking: The boat floated
slowly along the river. 2 to move slowly in the
air: I looked at the clouds floating in the sky.
3 Smells or sounds from another place that you
can smell or hear: The sound of her singing floated
down from her bedroom window.
1 Which of the three definitions of float is
the correct one for the word in the first
paragraph in the article?
2 Look at the example sentences. Which
other things can float?

b Now look up compact (adj), cover (v) and


release (v) in a dictionary. Write your own
example sentences for each word.

Imagine you are a radio operator who


survived the sinking of the Titanic. Roleplay a
conversation with a newspaper reporter.

Write

Write a paragraph about icebergs, using the


information below.
Definition

large piece of ice/break off from


glacier/float in the sea

Weight

 UP UPOT

Speed

average/17 kilometres a day

Size

average amount above water = 15%


under water = 85%

Icebergs
An iceberg is a large piece of ice that has broken off
from a glacier and floats in the sea

49

6a
Grammar

Comprehension

Second conditional with would,


might, could

Vocabulary Transitive phrasal verbs

Who wants to:


1
2
3
4
5
6

6 IMAGINATION

Read

6
01

Listen and read the magazine


article. Who do you think has the
most interesting idea? Who has the
worst idea? Why?

S ? LVE IT!

Look at the photos and text carefully. What


month did Sienna and her boyfriend split up?

If you were invisible for a day,


what would you do?
The time:

Saturday
morning
Heather, 17
Im a big fan of Will Smith so
Id go to the set of his latest
lm and watch him. If I felt
really brave, I might try to get
his mobile number and send
him a text.

50

go abroad? Paul
learn more about government secrets?
know if someone has a new girlfriend?
see a royal persons house?
contact a film star?
travel without paying?

The place:

London

Paul, 16
If I were invisible for a day,
Id y to Australia. Ive always
wanted to see the Great Barrier
Reef. Id sit in rst class and y
for free. But if I only had one
day, Id be stuck in Australia!

Bonnie, 15

Sienna, 16

Dean, 17

Id walk into the SIS ofces


in London. SIS is the Secret
Intelligence Service. Id
check out all their top secret
documents. Id love to know
whats really going on in the
world.

My boyfriend and I split up


two months ago. Ive got over
it ... but Id like to know what
hes doing now. Has he asked
another girl out? If he didnt
know I was there, I could follow
him around and nd out what
hes up to.

Id visit the Queen in


Buckingham Palace and, if she
was at home, Id sit next to
her on the sofa and, when she
wasnt looking, Id drink some
of her tea and eat some of
her biscuits. If she was out,
I might check out the palace.

6a
Grammar

Comprehension

Second conditional with would,


might, could

Vocabulary Transitive phrasal verbs

Who wants to:


1
2
3
4
5
6

6 IMAGINATION

Read

6
01

Listen and read the magazine


article. Who do you think has the
most interesting idea? Who has the
worst idea? Why?

S ? LVE IT!

Look at the photos and text carefully. What


month did Sienna and her boyfriend split up?

If you were invisible for a day,


what would you do?
The time:

Saturday
morning
Heather, 17
Im a big fan of Will Smith so
Id go to the set of his latest
lm and watch him. If I felt
really brave, I might try to get
his mobile number and send
him a text.

50

go abroad? Paul
learn more about government secrets?
know if someone has a new girlfriend?
see a royal persons house?
contact a film star?
travel without paying?

The place:

London

Paul, 16
If I were invisible for a day,
Id y to Australia. Ive always
wanted to see the Great Barrier
Reef. Id sit in rst class and y
for free. But if I only had one
day, Id be stuck in Australia!

Bonnie, 15

Sienna, 16

Dean, 17

Id walk into the SIS ofces


in London. SIS is the Secret
Intelligence Service. Id
check out all their top secret
documents. Id love to know
whats really going on in the
world.

My boyfriend and I split up


two months ago. Ive got over
it ... but Id like to know what
hes doing now. Has he asked
another girl out? If he didnt
know I was there, I could follow
him around and nd out what
hes up to.

Id visit the Queen in


Buckingham Palace and, if she
was at home, Id sit next to
her on the sofa and, when she
wasnt looking, Id drink some
of her tea and eat some of
her biscuits. If she was out,
I might check out the palace.

6a
Grammar
Second conditional with would,
might, could

Vocabulary: Transitive phrasal verbs

If he didnt know I was there,


I could follow him around.
If I felt brave, I might get his
mobile number.
What would you do if you were invisible?
If I were invisible, Id fly to Australia.

If I was invisible is also possible,


but more informal.

Practice

t 8JUINPTUUSBOTJUJWFQISBTBMWFSCT UIFPCKFDUDBODPNFCFGPSF
or after the particle.
She picked up the book./She picked the book up.
t )PXFWFS PCKFDUQSPOPVOT FHit, him, her) must come before
the particle.
She picked it up.
1 I need a new shirt. Lets ___. (that new shop)
Lets check out that new shop./Lets check that new
shop out.

1 If you (meet) Brad Pitt at a party, what


(you/say) to him?
If you met Brad Pitt at a party, what
would you say to him?
2 If we (move) to another town, I (may
miss) all my friends.

2 Ricky wants to be Fionas boyfriend. He ___ last week.


(her)
3 Theres nothing good on TV. Can you ___, please? (it)
4 Its freezing outside. Make sure you ___! (your coat)
5 Heres your DVD. Sorry I forgot to ___. (it)
6 Be careful! Please ___ (the vase)! Its very valuable.

3 I (can call) her if I (have) her phone


number.

5 If I (be) a better singer, I (can enter) the


TV competition Pop Idol.
6 Do you think Fiona (say) no if I (ask)
her out?
7 If you (not pass) your English test
tomorrow, (you/tell) your parents?
8 You (may not feel) so tired if you (not
stay) up so late every night.

Make questions for the answers. Start


with What would you do if . Use
your imagination.
1 Id shut the cupboard quickly.
What would you do if you found a rat
in the back of your cupboard?
2 I might take a photo of him.
3 Id ask for my money back.
4 I might try to mend it myself.
 *EKVNQJOBOESFTDVFJU

Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs


from the box below and the objects in brackets. Write
two sentences if possible.
rBTLPVUrDIFDLPVUrGJOEPVUrHJWFCBDL
rQJDLVQQVUEPXOrQVUPOUBLFPGGrTXJUDIPOPGG
rUVSOPOPGGrUVSOVQEPXO

Complete the sentences with the


correct form of the verbs in brackets
and would, might or could.

4 What (your mum/say) if she (know)


your secret?

6
02

Speak

7a

Talk about you. If you were invisible for a day, what


would you do?

In pairs, ask and answer the questions below. Then tell


the class.
1 If you were a famous person for a day, who would you
be and why?
2 If you were Superman for a day, what would you do?
3 If you could ask a famous celebrity out to dinner, who
would you choose?
4 If you were an animal
for a day, which
would you be
and why?

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 101.

51

6b
Grammar

wish/if only + past simple

Dialogue

Function

Ask for and give advice

Lisa:
Ryan:
Josh:
Lisa:
Ryan:
Lisa:
Josh:
Ryan:
Lisa:
Ryan:
Lisa:

Lisa:

Ryan:
Lisa:

52

Yum! This is delicious. I wish I didnt like


ice cream so much!
Im bored. I wish I had my MP3 player
with me.
Lets go in. We cant wait for Sophie any
more. Shes already twenty minutes late.
Thats all very well, but Ive got her ticket.
What do you think we should do?
Have you tried phoning her?
Yes, but all I got was her voicemail.
If I were you, Id see if you can get a refund
for her ticket.
I think we should wait another five minutes.
OK. But I wish there was somewhere
else to sit.
Thats your mobile. Its probably Sophie.
Hi, Sophie! Missed the bus? All right. Ill
leave your ticket at the entrance. See you
in fifteen minutes. Bye!
Aah! Look at that monkey with its
mother. Its so cute! If only I had my
camera with me!
Why dont you use your mobile phone?
OK. Come on, monkey, smile! Hey!
Hands off! It tried to grab my phone!

6
03

Listen and read the dialogue. Where will Lisa


leave Sophies ticket?

Comprehension

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Lisa loves ice cream. T


Ryan has got a new MP3 player.
Sophie has got her own ticket.
Josh suggests getting Sophies ticket money back.
Sophie phones to say she cant come.
Lisa leaves a ticket for Sophie to pick up.
Josh is interested in the monkey.
Lisa hasnt got her camera with her.

6b
S ? LVE IT!

Approximately how late will


Sophie be?

Grammar
wish/if only + past simple
I wish I didnt like ice cream so much!
If only I had my camera with me.
Choose the correct option.
We use wish/if only and the past simple to talk
about regrets in the present / past.

In this context, wish and if only mean almost the


same. If only is a little stronger than wish.

Practice

Complete the sentences with the correct


form of the verbs.
1
2
3
4
5
6

I wish I had (have) a sister not a brother.


If only I ___ (can) remember his name!
I wish we ___ (not have) Maths on Monday.
If only they ___ (not make) such a mess.
I wish I ___ (like) coffee, but I dont.
If only she ___ (not be) vegetarian!

Ryans cousin has moved to the country


and started at a new school there. Look at
his list of complaints and write sentences
with I wish or If only.
1 I wish/If only my school wasnt so far from
our house.

Use your English: Ask for and give


advice
Ask for advice
What shall I/should we do?
What do you think I/we should do?
What would you do (if you were me)?
Give advice
Why dont you use your phone?
Have you tried phoning her?
I think we/you should wait
another five minutes.
If I were you, Id see if you
can get a refund.
Accept advice
Thats a good idea.
Maybe youre right.
OK. Cool.
Reject advice
Im not sure (thats very sensible/a good idea).
Thats a bit drastic/over the top/complicated.
I dont think that sounds very sensible/a good idea.

6a

6
04

Listen to part of the dialogue from


Exercise 1. Then make a similar conversation
for the situation below.

Student A: Your
laptop is broken.
Ask for advice.

Student B: Suggest that A


takes it back to the shop
where he/she bought it.

Student C: Youve got a


friend who is brilliant at
computers. Suggest A
asks him/her to look at it.

Student D: You know that


As laptop is old and out of
date. Suggest that A buys
a new one.

Continue the conversation and agree on the best


advice for Student A.

b Think of another problem. Then, in groups of four,


ask for and give advice about it.

Write

7 Write an informal letter to a friend giving him/her


advice. For help with writing informal letters, go
to the Writing bank on page 113.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 102.

53

6c
Grammar

Verb with infinitive or gerund

Vocabulary Noun suffixes -ion, -ment, -ity and -y

Comprehension

Read

Jenny Jones is1not a very good cook. She was


pleased when she discovered the Museum of 2
in Washington.
MartaB posted a picture of some bread that is
about 3
years old.
In Japan, theres a museum that only shows 4 .
Jamie16 visited a museum that was all about 5 .

6
05

Listen and read the blog. How many


museums are mentioned?

Jenny Jones asks

Is this the weirdest


museum ever?
Do you like cooking? I wish I did, but in
reality Im hopeless in the kitchen. I dont
know why, but I usually manage to burn
everything even when I keep watching
the oven! So imagine my excitement
when I heard about a museum just for
people like me: the Museum of Burnt
Food. What a discovery!
The museum, which is in Washington,
USA, was founded by Deborah HensonConant. One day she forgot to turn off

I went to a museum in
London and I saw the
perfect exhibit for the
Museum of Burnt Food
a loaf of bread from
Herculaneum in Italy. It
was burnt after a volcanic
eruption about two
thousand years ago.
MartaB
Great suggestion,
Marta, and great picture.
Wow!

54

Complete the summary. Write one or two


words in each space.

Home

Blog

her cooker when she answered the


telephone. By the time shed QLVKHG
talking, the contents of her saucepan
had turned into a solid black mess. She
decided not to throw it away. Instead, she
put it on display and started collecting
other exhibits, too. There are now
dozens of items in the museum and the
collection is still growing.
If you know about any more unusual
museums, let me know!

Theres an instant
noodle museum in Japan!
Ive never been there, but
my pen friend told me
about it and I hope to get
there one day. He sent me
this picture.
LouisSims

The best museum Ive ever been to is in


Birmingham, England. It isnt weird, but
it is about my favourite food chocolate!
It tells you about the history of chocolate
and how its made. It was very crowded
when we went there, but we didnt mind
queuing it was worth it and we got free
samples, too!
Jamie16

6c
Grammar

Verb with infinitive or gerund

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the


verbs from the box.

Verb with infinitive


rHP Y
rMPPLrGJOErWJTJUrXBML

She forgot to turn off her cooker.


agree, decide, encourage, expect,
forget, help, hope, manage, offer, plan,
promise, refuse, seem, want, would like

I usually avoid 1going to museums, but last week my friend


Jack suggested 2
the Science Museum in London. It was
BNB[JOHm*TQFDJBMMZFOKPZFE3
out about space travel.
After a couple of hours, Jack was tired and refused 4
any
at things! It
further. He went to the caf while I carried on 5
was a great day and I hope 6
back again soon.

Verb with gerund


Even when I keep watching the oven!
admit, avoid, cant stand, carry on, deny,
enjoy, fancy, finish, give up, keep, look
forward to, miss, not mind, practise,
stop, suggest
Verb with infinitive or gerund
She started to collect/collecting other
exhibits, too.
The verbs hate, like, love, prefer and start
can be followed by either an infinitive or
a gerund.

Vocabulary: Noun suffixes -ion, -ment, -ity


and -y

1 coordination 2 correction
3 decision 4 disappointment
5 discovery 6 entertainment
7 excitement 8 explanation
JNBHJOBUJPOJNQSPWFNFOU
11 movement 12 organisation
8SJUFUIFBEKFDUJWFT

Practice

13 able ability

Complete the sentences with the


correct form of the verbs in brackets.
Where are two answers possible?
1 Do you fancy going to the cinema
with me? I promise not to talk during
UIFGJMN HPmUBML

2 Id like
a laptop, so Ive decided
BQBSUUJNFKPC CVZmHFU

3 My phone keeps
a strange noise.
I havent managed
it yet.
NBLFmGJY

4 Sarah doesnt like


to the
swimming pool, but she loves
in
UIFTFB HPmTXJN

5 I dont mind
essays, but I hate
FYBNT XSJUFmEP

6 Jack promised
me with my
homework last night, but then he
forgot
SPVOE IFMQmDPNF

Write the verb or adjective for the following nouns.


Then listen and check.
Write the verbs:
1 coordinate coordination

Negative sentences
She decided not to throw it away.
I hate not seeing my friends.

6
06

13 ability 14 accuracy
15 bravery 16 difficulty
17 possibility 18 reality
19 similarity

Pronunciation: Word stress in three- and foursyllable words.

6
07

Go to page 110.

Listen

6
08

Listen to Paul talking about a school trip. Answer


true (T) or false (F).
1 Paul went to Edinburgh on a school trip. T
2 He thought the museum was boring.
3 He learnt some interesting facts about Scottish history.
4 They had lunch outside.
 )FEJEOUFOKPZWJTJUJOHUIFDBTUMF

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 102.

55

6d
REAL LIFE ISSUE

SKILLS FOCUS: LISTENING AND SPEAKING


Every June, Merton Secondary
School has an end-of-year
party for Years 10 and 11.
The Student President, who
is elected by the students,
organises this party. Nicole and
Toby are getting ready to go.
This party is going to be
amazing, Toby said.
I hope so, said Nicole.
But when they got to the
party, Nicole and Toby were
disappointed. The music wasnt
very good and the school hall
wasnt decorated.
This is rubbish, Toby said.
Theres no atmosphere at all.
I know what you mean,
Nicole replied. If I were
Student President, I wouldnt
hold the party in the school
hall. Id hold it in a more
exciting venue, Id decorate it
and Id hire a good DJ.
Why dont you stand for
election in September? Toby
said. I think youd be a great
Student President and youd
organise a wicked party!
Three months later, Nicole
decided to take Tobys advice.

She put up some posters


around the school asking
students to vote for her. She
promised to organise the best
end-of-year party ever, in a
great venue.
Nicole won the election.
In February, she started to
organise the party. She had a
budget of 250. She phoned
a lot of venues, but they all
charged around 600 for the
evening. Finally, Nicole found
a local youth club which only
charged 100. She booked the
club and a DJ and ordered some
drinks.
But a month before the
party, disaster struck. There

Student President
Election

Vote for

Nicole
Roberts!

was a fire at the youth club


and Nicole had to find a new
venue quickly. She talked to Mr
Bradshaw, the Art teacher at
school.
If I were you, Id use the
school hall again, he said.
But I promised the students
a better venue, Nicole said.
Then she had an idea. She
talked to Toby about it.
There are about sixty
students in Years 10 and 11. If
I sold tickets for 10 each, Id
have enough money to book a
good venue, Nicole said.
Thats not fair, Toby said.
Some people cant afford 10.
I think you should keep looking
for a cheaper venue.
But I havent got time to
look, Nicole said. Our exams
are in three weeks.
Nicoles mum agreed.
If I were you, Id cancel the
end-of-year party. Your exams
are the most important thing
now.
Nicole didnt know what
to do.

NEW WORDS

56

t elect t disappointed t decorate (v) t decorated (adj) t atmosphere


tIPME BQBSUZ
t venue t hire t stand for t election t vote for
t budget t charge t strike (v) t afford tLFFQ DPOUJOVF


6d
Get started

1 Is it ever OK to break a promise? When?


Read

6
09

Read the story. Why does Nicole have to


find a new venue for the school party?

Comprehension

Answer the questions.

Listen
LISTENING TIP: PREDICT KEY WORDS
Before you listen, think about the topic and try to
predict the key words that you will hear. You may
or may not hear them, but it helps to prepare you
for the listening.
Now do Exercise 6. What words do you expect
to hear?

1
2
3
4

When is the end-of-year party? In June.


Why was the party disappointing?
How did Nicole win the election?
How much money did Nicole have for the
party?
5 What venue did she find?
6 What was the disaster?
7 What are her options now?

Other people are more likely to listen to your


opinion if you listen to them and disagree with them
politely. Use phrases such as Yes, thats true, but
... or I see what you mean, but ...
Now do Exercise 4a.

4a

Roleplay. Choose one of the roles below and


prepare what you want to say.

Student A: You are Mr Bradshaw, the Art teacher.


You think Nicole should use the school hall again.
Its free and she can spend more money on music,
decorations, drinks and perhaps food.
Student B: You are Toby. You are sure that there
are other cheap venues. You think Nicole should
contact cafs, restaurants and other youth clubs.

Nicole is talking to Toby at the party.


Listen and answer the questions.
1 Where is the party? The school hall.
2 How is the venue better than last year?
 8IBUEJEUIF:FBS"SUTUVEFOUTEP
4 What food is available?
5 Why did Nicole have enough money for food?
6 What has Nicole learnt?
7 Would Nicole stand for election as Student
President again?

Speak your mind!


SPEAKING TIP: DISAGREE POLITELY

6
10

Write

Write an informal letter from Nicole to her


friend, Ethan, in the USA. Tell him about the
party. Dont forget the address and date.
Paragraph 1
mUIBOL&UIBOGPSMBTUMFUUFS
mBQPMPHJTFGPSEFMBZJOSFQMZJOHmCVTZXJUIQBSUZ
and exams.
Paragraph 2
mUFMMIJNBCPVUUIFQBSUZ
Use your answers from Exercise 6 to help you.
Paragraph 3
mHJWFCFTUXJTIFTUPIJTQBSFOUTBOETBZXIFO
you hope to see him next.
Dear Ethan,
Thank you for your last letter. Im really sorry that

Student C: You are Nicoles mum. You want her to


cancel the party because she needs to focus on
her exams. You think that the other students will
understand and that they wont blame Nicole.

Act out the roleplay. You must decide what


Nicole should do.

Can you think of a different solution to Nicoles


dilemma?

57

3
4

Grammar (40 marks)

Write sentences in the second conditional.


8IBUZPVEPJGXJOUIFMPUUFSZ
What would you do if you won the lottery?
1 If you/not have/a TV,/you miss it?
2 If he/lie to me, I/(may) not trust him again.
3 If I/win/the prize, I/(can) treat you all to a pizza.
4 you/scream if you/see a spider in your room?
/8

Choose the correct options to complete the


advice for a camping trip.

Write sentences using wish/


if only + the past simple.
0 INUPPUBMM XJTI

I wish I wasnt so tall!


 *EPOUMJLFQBSUJFT XJTI

 .ZFBSTTUJDLPVU JGPOMZ

 *DBOUEBODF JGPOMZ

 *WFHPUSFEIBJSBOE*IBUFJU XJTI

 *NOPUWFSZDPOGJEFOU JGPOMZ

 *EPOULOPXIPXUPUBMLUPHJSMT XJTI

/6

Complete with the correct form of the verb in


brackets.

/6

Complete with the gerund or infinitive.

Ben: Hi, Mum. Im on my way home. I ll phone


QIPOF
ZPVKVTUCFGPSFUIFUSBJO1___ (leave).
Mum: OK. When I 2___ (know) what time youre
arriving, I 3___ (meet) you at the station.
Ben: 4___ (there/be) any food when I 5___ (get)
home?
Mum: Yes. We 6___ (not eat) until you 7___ (arrive).
/7

Match sentences 14 to sentences a)e). Then


join them using in case.
0 e) Were putting up a big tent for the party in
case it rains.

8FSFQVUUJOHVQBCJHUFOUGPSUIFQBSUZ
1 Why dont you take a packed lunch?
2 I always use a spell-check.
3 His neighbour has got a spare front door key.
4 Take your gloves and scarf.

/5

Vocabulary (40 marks)

Replace the underlined phrases with a phrasal


verb from the box and replace the orange
words with a pronoun.
rDBMMPOrMPPLBGUFSrDIFDLPVU
rHJWFCBDLrBTLPVUrget over

a) The weather might turn cold.


b) He might lose his own.
c) You might get hungry on the train.
d) I dont want to make a spelling mistake.
e) It might rain.
/8

58

thinking

*XBTMVDLZUPrecover from my cold so quickly.


I was lucky to get over it so quickly.
1 Harry invited Sally to go on a date.
2 Please return my DVD if youve finished with it.
3 Be sure to visit John when you go to Paris.
4 (FUTPNFJOGPSNBUJPOBCPVU the new films.
 *FOKPZtaking care of children.
/10

Complete with the correct word.


rFBSUIRVBLFrSPDLTrIFBUXBWF
rUTVOBNJrEFTFSUrGBNJOFrBWBMBODIF
rTUSFBNrGMPPETrUIVOEFSTUPSNrGPSFTU
rHBMFrmountain
 &WFSFTUJTUIFIJHIFTUmountain in the world.
1 ___ fires are a problem in California.
2 They've bought air-conditioners because of
the ___.
3 A huge ___ covered the small village in snow.
4 A strong ___ blew the roof off our house.
5 The ship sank because it hit some ___.
6 We drank water from the ___ in the valley.
7 The house began to shake. It was an ___.
 UPOTPGGPPEXJMMIFMQXJUIUIF@@@
in Africa.
9 Waves of a ___ can be 15 metres high.
 5IF@@@XBTWFSZMPVEMBTUOJHIU
11 Camels often live in the ___.
12 After heavy rain, there is always a danger
of ___.
/12

Match the phrases (18) to the camping


equipment (ai) from the box.
0 i) a tin opener

11

Match each sentence (07) to the correct


response (ah).
0 g) Do you think you could lend me your
dictionary? Im sorry, I cant. Im using it.

  %PZPVUIJOLZPVDPVMEMFOENFZPVSEJDUJPOBSZ

1 What do you think I should do?
2 Can I see whats inside the packet?
3 I wonder where Jack is.
4 Oh, look! Someones left their ice cream.
5 I think we should forget about the cinema and
go for a pizza.
6 Would you mind closing the window?
7 Oh, dear. I only got three correct answers.
a) Of course not. No problem.
b) Hands off! Thats mine!
c) Sure. Ill open it up for you.
d) Thats all very well, but Ive bought the tickets.
e) Dont worry. Its better than nothing!
f) If I were you, Id apologise to her.
g) Im sorry, I cant. Im using it.
h) Knowing him, Id say hes got lost.
/14

12

a) a sleeping bag b) a compass


c) some plasters d) a rucksack
e) some insect repellent f) some matches
g) a torch h) a camping stove i) a tin opener
 PQFOBDBOPGGPPE
1 cook something
2 there are mosquitoes!
3 time for bed
4 dont get lost

Use your English (20 marks)

5
6
7
8

see in the dark


cut your finger
things to carry
make a fire
/8

10

Match the words from the box to the


sentences. Then complete with a noun form.

Complete with phrases from the box.


rSBUIFSOPUr*MMHJWFJUCBDLr%POUXPSSZ
rXPVMEZPVNJOEr)FSFrCould you
rPONF


Could you lend me your Kanye West CD?


Sure. 1___ you are.
Thanks. Thats brilliant. 2___ on Monday.
No problem.
And 3___ lending me a fiver to buy a magazine?
Id 4___ if you dont mind. Ive only got a fiver
5
___ .
A: OK. 6___ .
/6

A:
B:
A:
B:
A:
B:

rJNBHJOFrBDDVSBUFrEFDJEFrEJGGJDVMU
rFOUFSUBJOrbrave
 "MFYBOEFSUIF(SFBUXBTGBNPVTGPSIJT
bravery.
1 Have you made a ___ about your holiday yet?
2 Im having a lot of ___ with this exercise.
3 Writing exciting stories needs a good ___.
4 You should go and see that show. Its great ___.
5 Im not sure about the ___ of the news reports.
/10

6
11

LISTEN AND CHECK YOUR SCORE

(SBNNBS

w

Vocabulary

w

Phrases/Use your English

w

Total

/100

59

7a
Grammar

Reported statements and questions

Function

Phone messages

Dialogue

7 COMMUNICATE

7
01

Listen and read. Does Sophie have


a website?

Ryans voicemail: Hi, youre through to Ryan. I cant


take your call right now, but leave a
message and Ill get back to you.
Sophie: Hi, Ryan, its Sophie. I need to talk to you
about websites. Can you call me when
you get this message? Thanks!
Half an hour later
Ryan: )J 4PQIJF*KVTUHPUZPVSNFTTBHF
Sophie: Hi, Ryan. Thanks for calling back. Lisa
told me that you were learning how to
design websites. Is that true?
Ryan: Yes, its part of my school IT course. Why
do you ask?
Sophie: Well, a couple of weeks ago a guy called
Mr Scott came to the market stall and
said that hed like to sell my T-shirts in his
shop. He said that he owned a clothes
shop in central London.
Ryan: Cool! If he takes forty T-shirts youll get
RVJE
Sophie: Actually, he wanted sixty T-shirts!
Anyway, he asked me if I had a website
where he could look at more of my stock.
I told him I was building one and that it
would be ready next week.
Ryan: "OEMFUNFHVFTTmUIFXFCTJUFTTUJMMOPU
ready and you want some help?
Sophie: Yes, please.
Ryan: OK. You can give me a free T-shirt!
Sophie: (SFBU5IBOLT 3ZBO*WFHPUUIFQFSGFDU
T-shirt for you right here!

Phrases
r

Comprehension

Thanks for calling back. r Well,


quid r Actually, r let me guess

Answer the questions.


1
2
3
4
5
6

60

Why does Sophie call Ryan? To talk to him about websites.


What is Ryan learning to do in his IT course?
Where does Mr Scott want to sell Sophies T-shirts?
How many does he want to buy?
What small lie did Sophie tell Mr Scott?
What payment does Ryan want for helping Sophie?

S ? LVE IT!

How much does one of


Sophies T-shirts cost?

7a
Grammar
Reported statements and questions
Reported statements
I own a clothes shop.
He said (that) he owned a clothes shop.
Im building one.
I told him (that) I was building one.
I bought a T-shirt yesterday.
He said (that) he had bought a T-shirt the
previous day.
Reported questions

Pronunciation: Sentence stress in


reported speech

7
02

Go to page 111.

Use your English: Phone messages


Outgoing voicemail messages
Say whose phone it is
Hi, youre through to
Hello. This is

Do you have a website?


He asked me if/whether I had a website.
How many T-shirts do you want?
I asked him how many T-shirts he wanted.

Explain that you cant


answer the call
Im afraid I cant take
your call right now,
Sorry Im not around to
answer the phone,

These words often change in reported speech:


that day
tUPEBZ
tUPNPSSPXOFYUXFFL the following day/week
tZFTUFSEBZMBTUXFFL the previous day/week
there
tUIJTUIFTF UIBUUIPTFtIFSF

Ask the caller to leave


a message
but leave a message and Ill get back to you.
so please leave a message after the
tone/beep.
Incoming voicemail messages

Practice

You are Sophie. Report your conversation


with Mr Scott.
Mr Scott asked me if I worked on the stall.
I said I did and that I
Mr Scott:
Sophie:
Mr Scott:
Sophie:
Mr Scott:

Excuse me. Do you work on the stall?


Yes, I do. I work here with my aunt.
Are the T-shirts yours?
Yes, they are. Why?
Im looking for some T-shirts for my
London shop. Will you give me
a discount?
Sophie: I can do that if you order more than
forty T-shirts.
Mr Scott: (PPE)PXNVDIEJTDPVOUDBOZPV
give me for sixty T-shirts?

Speak

Ask other students their questions and


report the answers.
1 What sort of websites do you like?
2 Have you ever bought anything online?
I asked Gregor what sort of websites he liked.
He said ...

Say who it is
Hi, Ryan, its Sophie (here).
Say why you are calling
I need to/wanted to talk to you about
*XBTKVTUDBMMJOHGPSBDIBU
Ask him/her to call you back
Can you call/ring me when you get this message?
Thanks.
(JWFNFBDBMMBSJOHTPPO#ZF

7
03

Listen again to the first part of the


dialogue in Exercise 1. Then make similar
messages using the prompts below.
Student A: Make your own outgoing message.
Student B: Leave messages for your partner:
a) You need some help with your homework.
b) You are feeling bored and want to talk to
someone.
c) Invite your friend to go bowling on Saturday.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 103.

61

7b
Grammar

Reported speech with verbs of


reporting

Read
7
04

Listen and read. Do the quiz and


see how you rate.

2
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

QUIZ

Comprehension

62

Match the quiz questions (14) to the topics (ah).


your taste in films 4
safety in a car
a domestic accident
respecting your parents wishes
a disappointing meal
not wanting to say youre frightened
complaining about food
a friend being unfair

7b
Grammar

Reported speech with verbs of


reporting
He asked them (not) to phone.
She told him (not) to accept a lift.
He invited her to come and stay.
You promised (not) to accept a lift.
He offered to pay half.
He refused to pay anything.
He admitted breakingUIFHMBTTKVH
He denied breakingUIFHMBTTKVH
He suggested phoning his cousin.
He didnt apologise for being late.
She explained that it was too dangerous.
He complained that the pizzas were cold.
He admitted/denied that he had broken it.
He suggested that he phoned his cousin.
Choose the correct options.
1 Ask, tell, invite, persuade and order are
followed by an infinitive / an object
pronoun and an infinitive.
2 Promise, offer, refuse and agree are
followed by an infinitive / a verb in the
gerund (-ing) form.
3 Admit, deny, suggest and apologise for
are followed by an infinitive / a verb in
the gerund (-ing) form.
4 Complain and explain are followed by that
and a clause / an infinitive.
5 Admit, deny and suggest are sometimes /
always followed by that and a clause.

Jeremy, could you


open the door for me?
1 She asked him/Jeremy to
open the door for her.
Thanks for the offer
of a lift. Ill take it.
3 He
Im sorry I broke your
sunglasses.
5 He
Im not going to
answer the phone.
7 She

Sarah, dont feed the


dog any biscuits.
2 He

Emma, would you like


a cup of coffee?
4 She
Why dont we take
a break?
6 He
OK. Ill do the
washing-up.
8 He

7
05

Listen. Lisas parents are grounding her for two


weeks. Choose the correct options.
1 Yesterday, Lisa went out with some friends to
a) a party. b) the cinema. c) a concert.
2 To get home, her father wanted her to
a) phone him. b) get a taxi. c) walk home.
3 At the end of the evening, Lisa and her friends
a) had something to eat and drink.
b) went for a walk. c) went clubbing.
4 When she phoned for a taxi, the company told her
she had to wait a) an hour.
b) thirty minutes. c) a few minutes.
5 In the end, she a) waited for the taxi.
b) walked home with a friend. c) got a lift in a car.
6 The next time she has a problem, Lisas father wants
her to a) wait longer for a taxi.
b) check the times of the buses. c) phone him.

Complete the sentences with the correct


form of the verbs in brackets.
1 He offered to take (take) her to the
station.
2 She apologised for ___ (be) rude.
3 The boys admitted ___ (steal) the
peaches.
4 The students complained that the school
lunches ___ (not be) very healthy.
5 We told ___ (she/not/wait) for the bus.
6 I asked ___ (he/give) me Charlies phone
number.
7 Our Maths teacher agreed ___ (give) us
less homework next week.
8 I refuse ___ (wait) any longer for Sophie.

rBDDFQUrBHSFF
rBQPMPHJTFrBTL
rPGGFSrSFGVTF
rTVHHFTUrUFMM

Listen

Practice

Report what the


people said, using the
verbs from the box.

Speak

Discuss the questions in pairs.


Do you think Lisa was right or wrong not to wait for the
taxi? Have you ever been in a similar situation?

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 103.

63

7c
Grammar

Clauses and linkers of contrast

Have you got


too many friends?

Vocabulary Relationship words and phrases

Get started

Which of these statements do you agree


with?
A real friend is someone who:
- you can talk to about anything.
- likes the same films and clothes as you.
- you can trust.
- you chat with on social networking sites.

Read

7
06

Listen and read the article. Which


reader do you agree with the most?

If we want to be happy, we need friends.


So, the more friends we have, the happier we
are right? Well, yes and no. Of course our
friends make us happy. On the other hand,
having more than a few can be quite stressful.
But, what do we mean when we say
friend? Although we use the word all
the time, it can describe a whole range of
relationships. We recently asked our readers
what it means to them. Here are a few of
their replies:

Comprehension

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


1 You need friends to be happy. T
2 Friend doesnt always mean the same
thing.
3 All of JKroxs friends are on social
networking sites.
4 freddie4 isn't very friendly.
5 me15 and freddie4 say the same thing about
friends.

Vocabulary: Relationship words and


phrases

4a

Recall Choose the correct options. Then


check the Word bank on page 109.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

64

have / get an argument with someone


break out / up with someone
get / fall engaged with / to someone
ask someone up / out
have / get on well with someone
get / fall in love with someone
go out / in with someone
have / get divorced to / from someone
make in / up with someone

7
07

Extension Now use the verbs and


phrases from the box to complete the
sentences. Write one word in each gap.
rNBLFGSJFOET XJUI

rCFDMPTFGSJFOET XJUI
rCFUIFSFGPS
rUSVTUrLFFQJOUPVDI XJUI

rMPTFUPVDI XJUI

1 Ive met Pete a few times, but we arent


close friends.
easily.
2 Sam is shy, so he doesnt
me.
3 Matt is my friend. Hes always
4 Im sorry youre moving away. Lets not
.
him.
5 He isnt my friend. I dont
6 When I go on holiday, I always
with my friends by text!

7c
Practice

Choose the correct options.


1 Although / In spite of he has lots of friends,
Harry doesnt go out much.
2 Marty and his dad sometimes argue. Although /
However, they usually get on well.
3 My parents are annoying sometimes. On the
other hand / Despite, I know they love me!
4 In spite of / However being very tired, Danny
helped me with my homework.
5 Although / Despite the argument, were still
friends.
6 On the other hand / Although we dont
always agree, we get on well.

6
A friend is someone who likes you in spite of your
faults someone you can trust.
me15
Ive got about 350 friends on social networking
sites. However, I only really know about thirty of
them and only about five of them are real, close
friends you know, people who are there for me.
JKrox

Make sentences with although, in spite of/


despite, however or on the other hand. Add
commas where necessary. There are several
correct answers.
1 his age/my grandfather goes running
In spite of/Despite his age, my grandfather
goes running every day.
2 Im only sixteen/I know what I want to do with
my life
3 I dont like Maths/I know its important
4 missing the bus/we werent late
5 there was lots of food/nobody was hungry
6 this band is very popular/I think theyre awful

I get on well with most people and I make friends


easily. However, there are only a few people
I can talk to about anything. Despite knowing
everything about me good and bad theyre
still my friends.
freddie4

Speak
Grammar

r *UTJNQPTTJCMFUPIBWFNPSFUIBOGJWFDMPTF
friends.
r *XPVMEBMXBZTEFGFOEBGSJFOE XIBUFWFSUIF
situation.
r :PVOFWFSLOPXXIPZPVSSFBMGSJFOETBSFVOUJM
you need them.
r 'SJFOETBSFNPSFJNQPSUBOUUIBOGBNJMZ

Clauses and linkers of contrast:


although, in spite of/despite, however,
on the other hand
Although we use the word all the time, it can
describe a whole range of relationships.
In spite of/Despite knowing everything about me,
they're still my friends.
*WFHPUBCPVUGSJFOETPOTPDJBMOFUXPSLJOH
sites. However, I only really know about thirty of
them.
Of course our friends make us happy. On the
other hand, having more than a few can be
stressful.
Choose the correct options.
Although and however are followed by a subject
and a verb / a noun or gerund.
In spite of/Despite must be followed by a subject
and a verb / a noun or gerund.

Work in pairs. Which of the statements do you


agree with? Say why.

Write

Write a paragraph about the differences


between you and someone you know well.
Use linkers of contrast where possible.
Although my friend Tom and I agree about most
things, we dont like the same music. He likes ,
but I prefer On the other hand, we both like

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 103.

65

7d
ACROSS CULTURES

SKILLS FOCUS: WRITING

IT Talk: A Guide to the 21st century

Get started

1 Look at the three messages below. How


are they similar? How are they different?
Home

Find People

Help

Sign out

@Jamie!_09 Do you want to come


to my place this evening at about 7?
Ive got a new game called
Burnout. Its brilliant. Youve got to
try it.
See you.
JadeWallace@JadeX

Cd u cm 2 my
house 2nite.
New game.
CU L8r. Jade.

Tap to compose

Speak

How would you communicate in the


following situations and why? Ask and
answer in pairs then tell the class.
Situations
1 You want to break up with the boy/girl you
have been going out with for six months.

NEW WORDS
t survey tdigital t photographic trecord (n)
tlandline t lifeline tkeep an eye on tscreen-free
t webcam tcontact (n) tregularly tphone bill

2 Its your grandmothers seventieth birthday.


3 Youre away on a school exchange visit to
another country. Your parents would like to
know your news.
4 Last night you took some great photos at a
party you and some friends went to and you
want to share them with your friends.

66

Read

7
08

Read the webpage. Why was Carols


present for her daughter a waste of money?

7d
Listen

7
09

Listen to a radio discussion about


how teenagers communicate. Write D
(Denise) and/or R (Roger) next to each
statement.
1 Teenagers prefer writing to talking as a
way of communicating. D/R
2 Teenagers are losing the skill of talking.
3 Writing text messages and blogs can help
teenagers develop their writing skills.
4 Teenagers like writing online because
their audience is real.
5 Teenagers are careless about spelling
and grammar when they write text
messages.
6 Teachers cant correct homework fast
enough to keep the interest of their
students.
 5PHFUBKPC UFFOBHFSTOFFEUPMFBSOUP
write and spell correctly.

Write
WRITING TIP: LINKERS FIRSTLY,
SECONDLY AND LASTLY
We can list several points using firstly,
secondly, (thirdly) and lastly.
There are several reasons. Firstly, I have
much more contact with my children.
Secondly, my kids keep in touch with their
grandparents regularly via email.
Lastly, the phone bill for the landline is much
lower nowadays!

1 Mobile phones have a number of uses.


Firstly,
2 Teens can communicate with their friends
online in several ways.
3 There are three main reasons why young
people like social networking websites.

Comprehension

List the following:


1
2
3
4

three uses of the mobile phone


two things you can do with a social networking website
the activities Kevin does in his room
three reasons why David thinks modern forms of
communication are a good thing

S ? LVE IT!

Look again at the statistics about the


UK. If there are thirty students in a British
class, how many have a mobile phone?

Complete the sentences using firstly,


secondly and lastly.

Write a tweet, a text message and an IM


conversation to a friend.
Invite the friend to come over to your place
on Sunday afternoon to watch a DVD. The
film is called Hard and Fast and it stars
#SBE1JUUBOE(FPSHF$MPPOFZ:PVWFSFBE
reviews that it is excellent. Use Exercise 1
to help you.

67

8a
should have/ought to have

Function

Apologise for past mistakes

8 RIGHT OR NOT?

Grammar

Josh: (SFBUKVEPDMBTT)BOHPO8IFSFTNZ
bike?
Ryan: Did you lock it?
Josh: No, I didnt. I should have done, but I
was late for the class and I forgot.
Do you think someones stolen it?
Ryan: What? That old wreck?
Josh: Its not an old wreck. Its got character!
Ryan: Well, perhaps youd better report it to
the police.
Josh: What a drag! I knew I ought to have
locked it. OK. See you later.
Man: Hello. Are you looking for a bike?
Ryan: Yes, my friend is. Are you the caretaker?
Man: Thats right. I put your friends bike
round the back of the building. He
shouldnt have left it against the wall.
Ryan: Oh, OK. Thanks. Ill phone him.
Half an hour later
Mum: Josh, youre back very late.
Josh: Im sorry, Mum.
Mum: What happened?
Josh: I couldnt find my bike and I thought
someone had stolen it. I should have
phoned. Im really sorry.
Mum: Never mind. At least youre back safely.
Just look at the state of your bike. Im
not surprised nobody wanted to steal it!

68

Phrases
r
r

Hang on. r That old (wreck)?


What a drag!

Dialogue

8
01

Listen and read. Where is Joshs bike?

Comprehension

Answer the questions.


1 Where have Josh and Ryan been? to a judo
class
2 Why didnt Josh lock his bike?
3 Why does Josh go to the police?
4 Why did the caretaker remove the bike?
5 Why was Joshs mum worried?

S ? LVE IT!

About what time did Josh arrive home?

8a
Grammar
should have/ought to have
I should have locked it.
I ought to have locked it.
He shouldnt have left it there.
He oughtnt to (ought not to) have left it there.

Use your English: Apologise for


past mistakes

Whats the difference?


You should write down his address.
You should have written down his address.

Practice

Complete with the correct form of should or


ought to and the verbs from the box.
rMFBWFrBTLrXFBSrQIPOFrXSJUFrCVZ
should
1 Its freezing. I should have worn a hat.
 5IJTKBDLFUJTUPPTNBMM*@@@BMBSHFSTJ[F
3 I didnt know where you were. You ___ me.
ought to
4 I cant remember his phone number. I ___ it down.
5 That dog looks very hot. They ___ it in the car.
6 You used my laptop. You ___ me first.

Look at the picture below. Make sentences with


should have/shouldnt have and the verbs from
the box.
Max invited his friends round for a pizza. When his
parents saw the kitchen, they werent happy. Why?
1 They should have washed up their dirty plates.

Complain
Ive been waiting ages for you.
Youre back very late.
-PPLBUUIFTUBUFPGUIJTKBDLFU
Ask for an explanation
Why are you so late?
Where have you been?
What happened (to you/it)?
Apologise and explain
Im very sorry. I couldnt find my bike.
Im really sorry. I missed the bus.
Im so sorry. I spilt some coffee on it.
Accept apology
5IBUT0,8FWF*UTPOMZKVTUTUBSUFE
Never mind. At least youre back safely!
Thats all right. It wasnt expensive.

8
02

Listen again to the last part of the dialogue


in Exercise 1. Then make similar conversations
in pairs. Use the situations below.
A: Ive been waiting ages for you. The film

rMFBWFPQFOrESJOLrFBUrMFBWFPVU
rFNQUZrXBTIVQrUVSOPGG

2 Your friend lends you a book to take on


holiday. When you return it, there is suntan oil
on it and the cover is torn.

2
3

3 You have to be at school at 8 a.m. to go on a


school trip. Your mother offers you a lift, but
the car runs out of petrol and you dont arrive
VOUJM5IFUFBDIFSJTBOHSZ

1 You arrange to meet a friend at the cinema, but


you cant find your wallet. You eventually find it,
but you turn up at the cinema 15 minutes late.

5
7
6

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 103.

69

8b
Grammar

must/cant/might/could for
deductions in the present

Vocabulary Phrasal verbs with away

Read

8
03

Listen and read the webpage. Do


londongirl and notmyname know each other?

Comprehension

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


1
2
3
4
5

Burtb would like to be famous. F


Jasie feels sorry for celebrities.
notmyname doesnt want to be famous.
londongirl thinks Reality TV shows are stupid.
notmyname is talented.

https://www.teen-message-boards.co.uk

Researchers recently asked British teenagers about


their ambitions. More than half of them said that they
would like to be famous. What do YOU think? Would
you like to be a celebrity?

I think being a celebrity must


be fantastic. Id love to be rich,
anyway. I know there would be a
downside, too, but mostly itd be
brilliant.

notmyname
OK, notmyname, but how are
you going to become famous in
the first place? I mean, you have to
DO something!

londongirl
Id like to go on a Reality TV
show. Thats the best way to do it.

notmyname
You must be joking! Maybe

No, not really. It cant be much fun. I mean, you have to look good
all the time, in case someone takes your photo. I guess even the most
beautiful super models must look terrible sometimes!

Burtb
Not having any privacy must be awful. Celebrities have to look
happy all the time. They might feel really miserable or they could
have a bad headache, but they have to keep smiling. Theres always a
photographer around every corner. They must hate it. On the other
hand, they need publicity. Thats how they become famous. It cant be
easy.

Jasie

70

youd be famous for a few months,


but you wouldnt get away with it
for long. You need to be good at
something!!!

londongirl
Maybe I am. You dont know me.
I could be a brilliant singer or an
amazing actor, for all you know!

notmyname
True. Are you?

londongirl
Im working on it!

notmyname

8b
Speak

Pronunciation: Eliding consonants

Talk about you. Answer the question at the top of


the webpage. Then tell your partner.

Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs with away

8
04

Choose the correct options. Then listen and


check.

8
05

Go to page 111.

Listen

8
06

Josh and Alice are discussing some


photos at an exhibition. Look at the
pictures and listen. Answer true (T) or
false (F).

rHFUBXBZrHFUBXBZXJUIrHJWFBXBZ
rHPBXBZrMPPLBXBZrQVUBXBZrSVOBXBZ
rUISPXBXBZ
1 Did your uncle really run / look away from home and
KPJOBDJSDVT
2 Were going to run / go away for a short break next
weekend.
3 Id like to get / give away to a sunny beach!
4 You shouldnt get / throw away old clothes.
5 Sometimes magazines throw / give away
free gifts.
6 What a mess! Please put / throw your things away in
the cupboard.
7 I couldnt watch the horror film. I had to give / look
away.
8 My brother never does the washing-up. How does he
always get / give away with it?

Grammar

Picture A
1 They both think its a trick photograph. T
2 Josh can see a glass shelf under the
woman.
3 Alice thinks there could be wires.
4 They think the woman looks relaxed.

must/cant/might/could for deductions


in the present
Even super models must look terrible sometimes!
It cant be much fun.
They might feel really miserable.
They could have a bad headache.

Practice

Complete the sentences with must, cant or might/


could.
1 Johns won first prize. He must be pleased.
speak English (Im not
2 Luc is from France, but he
sure).
be asleep.
3 I can hear the children talking. They
feel tired.
4 Youve worked hard all day. You
know
5 Theyre in the same class. Im sure they
each other.
be wrong.
6 I think this is the right answer, but I
be hungry!
 :PVWFKVTUFBUFO4VSFMZZPV
be
 )BUUJFHPUQFSDFOUJOBMMIFSFYBNT4IF
very clever.

Picture B
5 Alice thinks the man drew the picture.
6 She thinks the man is a tourist.
7 Josh thinks the man and the woman are
both performers.
8 Alice thinks the drawing was probably
quite easy.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 104.

71

8c
Grammar

must have/cant have/might have/


could have for deductions in the past

Vocabulary Crime

Read

Comprehension
2 Number the pictures in the correct order.
A

8
07

Listen and read the story. When was Joe


released from prison?

S ? LVE IT!

In which year did Joe go missing


a) for the first time? b) for the last time?

Vocabulary: Crime

4a

Match the definitions (17) to the types of


criminal.

Criminals:r CBOL
SPCCFSrCVSHMBS
rNVHHFSrQJDLQPDLFUrTIPQMJGUFSrUIJFG
rWBOEBM
Verb + noun:rCSFBLJOUPBCVJMEJOH
rCVSHMFBIPVTFrDBUDIBSSFTUBDSJNJOBM
rDPNNJUBDSJNFrHPUPQSJTPO
rNVHBQFSTPOrQBZBGJOF
rSPCBCBOLQFSTPOrTUFBMTPNFNPOFZ
rWBOEBMJTFQSPQFSUZrXSJUFESBXHSBGGJUJ
Someone who
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

72

steals thief
breaks into peoples homes
steals from shops
robs people in the street
steals from peoples pockets
steals from public places (e.g. banks)
damages property

8c
b

8
08

Complete the text with a verb phrase from


the box in the correct tense.

Speak

Verb phrases connected with crime


rBDDVTFTC TPNFCPEZ
PGrBSSFTUTCGPS
rDIBSHFTCXJUIrDPOWJDUTCPG
rTFOUFODFTCUP BQFSJPEPGUJNF
GPS BDSJNF

rTVTQFDUTCPG

Work in pairs. Read the puzzle below and


discuss a possible explanation. Use the
prompts and must have, cant have, might/
could have.
1 He cant have gone by boat.

Nouns:rCPBUrCSJEHFrQMBOFrDBS
rDMPUIFTrQMBTUJDCBHrTUSJOHrSJWFS
Verbs:rHPrXBMLrGMZrESJWFrKVNQ
rSVOrUJFrQVUrTXJN

The phrases above are followed by


BOPVOPSBHFSVOE ing form).
The police 1arrested a 29-year-old man last night for
breaking into a house. They 2___ him with stealing money
BOEKFXFMMFSZ5IFZ3___ him of carrying out several other
burglaries in the area, but they had no proof. In a police
interview, the officers 4___ him of burgling other houses,
but he denied it. When the case came to court, he was
5
___ of burglary and 6___ to three years in prison.

Crossing the river

Grammar
must have/cant have/might have/could
have for deductions in the past
1 He must have hidden it under his coat.
2 He might have/could have gone on holiday.
3 He cant have drowned.

SOLUTION

Match the sentences (13) to the uses (ac).


a) We are almost sure that this didnt happen.
b) We are almost sure that this happened.
c) We think its possible that this happened

Practice

Use the prompts to make deductions with


must have, cant have, might/could have + past
participle.
= almost sure its true
= almost sure its not true
? = possible, but not sure
1 The burglar/break/window. ()
The burglar must have broken a window.
2 It/rain/during the night. ()
3 The burglar/travel/by bus. ()
4 He/have/a shower or/wash/his hands. (?)
5 He/steal/the TV and DVD. ()
6 He/have/an accomplice to help him. (?)
 )FTFFUIFKFXFMMFSZ )
8 He/make/a phone call. ()

5IFBOTXFSJTPOQBHF

Write

Invent a story about an unusual crime which


you witnessed. For help with writing stories,
go to the Writing bank on page 114.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 105.

73

8d
CURRICULUM LINK CITIZENSHIP

SKILLS FOCUS: READING

Mdecins Sans Frontires

Worldwide Fund for Nature

You can make a difference

Have you ever thought of doing voluntary work or raising money for charity?
Here are three famous charities.
Mdecins Sans Frontires (MSF) is an

Rachel Brown, 16, Birmingham

international organisation which provides emergency


medical help to people in need. It works in more
than sixty countries. For example, it has about 1,000
staff in Sudan. As well as treating sick people, they
give vaccinations and advice on nutrition.

I do voluntary work at the local


Oxfam shop every Saturday. The
shop sells things that people have
donated, like clothes and books.
I really enjoy it because I meet new
people every week and Im getting
some great work experience, too!
It must be great to work for a charity like Oxfam.
Perhaps I will, when I leave school.

The Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF), which


has branches in over ninety countries, is the worlds
leading organisation for protecting the environment
and endangered animals. For example, in Uganda in
central Africa, WWF helps to protect the mountain
gorilla. There are only about 880 mountain gorillas left
in the world.

Oxfam is a charity which has projects in over 100


countries. Its main purpose is to ght poverty and
improve the lives of poor people. In Ghana in West
Africa, for example, Oxfam digs wells to provide
clean water. Like all charities, Oxfam needs
donations and volunteers to do its work.

Neil Brooks, 15, Leeds


I was surng the web for information
about careers in medicine, when I
found the Mdecins Sans Frontires
website. I should have heard of them
before, but I hadnt. Anyway, I read
about the work they do and decided
to help them to raise money. Ive persuaded our
school to organise a concert next summer and all the
money from the tickets will go to MSF.

NEW WORDS
t emergency t medical t vaccinations t nutrition t branch t leading
t protect t project t poverty t dig t well (n) t donations t volunteers

74

Get started

Read

Have you ever raised money for a charity


or given money to a charity? Which charity
was it?

8
09

Read the article. Which charities do


Rachel and Neil support?

8d
READING TIP: DICTIONARY SKILLS (3)
Many words have more than one meaning. Look
at the context of the word in the text and the part
of speech. Then look in the dictionary and find the
meaning that matches the context.

5a

Find the word raise in the text about Neil


and look it up in a dictionary.
1 What part of speech is it?
2 How many meanings are there in the
dictionary?
3 Which meaning is the same as the meaning in
the article?

Now do the same for these words in the


text: nature, branch and fight. Then write an
example sentence for a different meaning of
each word.

Listen

Oxfam

Complete the table.


MSF

Number of
countries

60

Purpose

to provide
medical help
to people in
need

Example
country

Sudan

WWF

Oxfam

Speak

Action in
gave
that country vaccinations
and advice
on nutrition

What does the Oxfam shop do?


Why does Rachel work there?
How did Neil find out about MSF?
What career is Neil thinking about?
What is his latest fundraising idea?

In pairs or groups, look at the charities in the


article and decide which charity you would
like to help. Tell the rest of the class. Give your
reasons and say what you could do.
We would like to do something for Oxfam. We
think that there are too many poor people in the
world, and . We could work in a charity shop or
we could raise money by

Read about Rachel and Neil again and


answer the questions.
1
2
3
4
5

Polly saw an advertisement for voluntary


work with a local environmental charity. Listen
and complete the sentences.
4QSJOH(BSEFOTJTBDPOTFSWBUJPOpark which
protects rare birds and flowers.
2 The work involves looking after birds,
___ and ___.
 /PFYQFSJFODFJTOFDFTTBSZGPSUIFKPC(SFFO
Planet will provide ___.
4 Polly is able to work for ___ every weekend.
5 An NVQ is a ___.
1PMMZXBOUTUIFKPCCFDBVTFTIF@@@BOE
she is sometimes ___.

Comprehension

8
10

Write

Write a letter of application for a voluntary job.


For help with letters of application, go to the
Writing bank on page 115.

75

4
Grammar (40 marks)

Write the sentences in reported speech.


Anna: Im going to study English in London.
Anna said that she was going to study English
in London.
Ruth: Is your English very bad?
Ruth asked her if her English was very bad.
1 Anna: I need to improve my speaking.
2 Ruth: When are you going?
3 Anna: Im leaving next week.
4 Ruth: Are you looking forward to it?
5 Anna: Ive never been abroad before.
6 Ruth: Im sure youll have a great time.
/6

 I had coffee after dinner and I couldnt sleep.


I shouldnt have had coffee after dinner.
1 He ate a whole chicken and now he feels sick.
2 We didnt bring food and now were hungry.
3 You watched the late film. Now youre tired.
4 I didnt go to the dentist yesterday. I forgot.
5 4IFXPSFKFBOT, but the other guests were all
smartly dressed.
/5

rSFGVTFrQSPNJTFrDPNQMBJOrtell
rBQPMPHJTFrTVHHFTUrPGGFS

/6

Write sentences with linkers of contrast.


 )FMPWFTNVTJD)FDBOUQMBZBOZNVTJDBM
instruments. (although)
Although he loves music, he cant play any
musical instruments.
1 I dont like the burgers at that place. The pizzas
are pretty good. (on the other hand)
2 She hates horror films. She watched the whole
of Dark Nights! (in spite of)
3 She had hurt her foot badly. She managed to
cycle into town. (however)
4 Horoscopes are rubbish but I read mine every
day. (although)
5 I went to bed early. I was still tired this morning.
(despite)
/5

76

Complete with must, cant or might.


 :PVcant CF
IVOHSZ:PVWFKVTUIBEBDBLF
1 This suitcase ___ (be) mine, but Im not sure.
 4IF@@@ GFFM
UJSFEBGUFSUIBUMPOHKPVSOFZ
3 Its too hot. I ___ (wear) a coat.
4 He ___ (like) pizzas. Hes ordered two!
5 You never know. The tickets ___ (be) free.
6 She ___ (be) English. Her French is too good!
/6

Write the sentences with He and a


reporting verb from the box.

A%POUMPTFZPVSLFZ 5PN
He told Tom not to lose his key.
1 Shall I help with the shopping?
2 Im sorry I lost your CD.
A*NOPUHPJOHUPQBZbGPSBQJ[[B
4 The bus is late again!
5 I wont make that mistake again.
6 Why dont we meet in town?

Rewrite the underlined sentences with


should(nt) have and the past participle.

Complete with must have, cant have or might


have and the past participle.
Holmes: Well, Watson. Who do you think stole
-BEZ(SBZTKFXFMMFSZ
Watson: It  cant have been (be) her son because
he said he was in Paris last week. But
that 1___ (be) a lie.
Holmes: Im sure it was a lie. The postman saw
him here on Saturday so he 2___ (stay) in
Paris.
Watson: The postman 3___ (make) a mistake. Its
possible.
Holmes: No. He 4___ (recognise) him. Everybody
LOPXTUIF(SBZGBNJMZJOUIJTWJMMBHF
Watson: So wheres the son now?
Holmes: His car isnt here. He 5___ (take) it.
Watson: Well, he 6___ (go) far. Come on!
/12

Vocabulary (40 marks)

Use your English (20 marks)

10

Complete with the words from the box.

Adam

rUSVTUrUPVDIrDMPTF Y
rUIFSF
rMPTFrGSJFOET
Im very  close friends with Angela. Shes always
1
___ for me and I 2___ her with all my secrets! She
is very sociable and makes 3___ very easily, but I
am quite shy. Im not 4___ to many people. Last
year she moved to Scotland. I was worried that
wed 5___ touch, but thanks to the internet and
social networking sites, we keep in 6___ all the
time!
/12

Replace the underlined phrases with the


correct form of the phrasal verbs from the box.
rUISPXJUBXBZrHJWFBXBZrSVOBXBZ
rget awayrQVUJUBXBZrHFUBXBZXJUIJU
rMPPLBXBZrHPBXBZ
 *OFBSMZDBVHIUBGJTICVUJUescaped. got away
1 Paul cheated in the exam and he didnt get
caught.
2 I let someone have my old mobile phone for free.
3 In a horror film, I often take my eyes off the
screen.
4 I put the empty crisp packet in the bin.
5 Can you make that dog go somewhere else?
6 I placed your laptop back in its bag.
7 If I saw a snake, Id go somewhere else quickly.
/14

Complete the phone messages.

Hi. Youre through to Adams phone.


Im afraid I cant 1t___ y___ c___ right
now. Please 2l___ a message 3a ___
the beep and Ill get 4b___ to you.

(JMM
Hi, Adam. 5@@@(JMMIFSF*6w___ to
talk to you about next Saturday. Can
you 7c___ me when you 8g___ this
message? 9T___. B___.

/10

11

Look at the jumbled conversation. Number


the lines in the correct order.
a) B: Im very sorry. I fell over when I was
wearing it yesterday.
b) B: Er, yes. Here it is.
1 c) A:)J (FPSHF%JEZPVSFNFNCFSUPCSJOH
NZKBDLFU
d) A: Oh, no! What happened to it? Its so
dirty.
e) B: Thanks. Let me know how much it costs.
f) A: Thats OK. Ill take it to the cleaners
tomorrow.
/10

Complete with the verbs from the box.


rEFOJFErDIBSHFErSPCCJOH
rsuspectedrTFOUFODFErBDDVTFE
rBENJUUFErBSSFTUFE

Police  suspected Frank Bishop of 1___ a bank.


When they found a suitcase full of money at
his house, they 2___ him and 3___ him of the
robbery. Frank 4___ doing it. He said that hed
been at home at the time. The police collected
more evidence and finally 5___ Frank with the
crime. In the end Frank 6___ everything and he
was 7___ to five years in prison.
/14

8
11

LISTEN AND CHECK YOUR SCORE

(SBNNBS

w

Vocabulary

w

Phrases/Use your English

w

Total

/100

77

9a
Grammar

The passive: present simple, past simple,


present perfect, past perfect

Vocabulary The media

Read

9
01

Listen and read the webpage. Why was


the telegraph machine a breakthrough?

9 IN THE NEWS

KEEPING UP WITH THE NEWS


These days breaking news happens around the clock. Stories are
relayed across the world in seconds. But only fty years ago the
idea of an instant message was found only in science ction.
According to Greek legend, in the year 490bc a messenger
called Pheidippides ran from the town of Marathon to Athens
(a distance of about 42 km) to deliver an urgent and exciting
message the Persian army had been beaten by the Greeks.
Unfortunately, when he arrived he was so exhausted that he
collapsed and died. The Marathon race, as it is called today,
is dedicated to his memory. The rst Marathon was held in
Athens in1896 and has been run every year since then.
Until the early nineteenth century, communication was slow. Messages
were delivered physically by messengers, postmen or even pigeons. However, after
that the speed of communication increased dramatically.
The rst big breakthrough was the telegraph machine. The earliest one
was invented in 1809. Messages were transmitted instantly, through
wires. Soon journalists started using the new technology. Then the
telephone was invented at the beginning of the twentieth century
and it quickly replaced the telegraph machine. After that came
radio and television and with them live news reports and
frequent updates.
Today, communication has been transformed again, this
time by the internet. Now we are constantly exposed to
news from a variety of sources, for example, blogs, email,
social media, as well as online newspapers. People from
around the world have been brought closer together. Its
hard to see how news could get any faster, or how the
world could get any smaller but todays science ction
probably has the answer!

Comprehension

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


1 People started using instant messages fifty
years ago. F
 1IFJEJQQJEFTSBOJOUIFGJSTU0MZNQJD(BNFT
3 In the past, birds delivered messages.
4 The telephone came about a hundred years
after the telegraph machine.
5 The writer thinks the internet is a good thing.

78

9a
Grammar

Vocabulary: The media

The passive: present simple, past


simple, present perfect, past perfect

5a

Match the words from the box to the


definitions (16).

1 Stories are relayed across the world.


2 The Persian army had been beaten by the
(SFFLT
3 The earliest one was inventedJO
4 Communication has been transformed again.

rCSFBLJOHOFXTrBIFBEMJOF
rBMJWFSFQPSUrBOFXTCVMMFUJOBOVQEBUF
rBOPOMJOFOFXTQBQFSrUIFQSFTT
rTPDJBMNFEJB

Match the passive sentences (14) to the


passive tenses (ad).
a) present simple
c) past simple

1 news that is reported as it happens breaking


news, a live report
2 a heading at the top of a news report
3 a short summary of the latest news
4 a publication that you download
5 online communities, such as Facebook and
Twitter
 OFXTQBQFSTBOEKPVSOBMJTUT

b) present perfect
d) past perfect

Complete the rules.


a) We form the passive with the verb
and
the
participle of the main verb.
b) When we want to mention the person or
thing that performed the action, we use the
preposition
.

Complete the text with the correct form of


to be to form the passive.
Everyone has heard of Facebook. It 1was started
JOBOERVJDLMZCFDBNFHMPCBM#VUJU
wasnt the first social networking site. Others 2
invented before, but they were not as successful.
Since Facebook, many other social networking
sites 3
launched, including Twitter. The first
4
tweet
TFOUJO5IFTFEBZTNJMMJPOTPG
people 5
connected every day, thanks to the
internet.

Complete the sentences with the correct


passive form of the verb in brackets.
1 The story was reported last week (report).
2 You dont need to tell people the news. A
message
to everybody (already/send).
3 Telephones
(use) for a long time before the
internet
(invent).
4 When an email
(send), a copy
(keep) on
the computer.
5 My grandparents
(not teach) about
computers at school.
6 My cousin is so lucky. He
 KVTUHJWF
BOFX
laptop by his parents.
7 Our post
(deliver) at about 11 a.m. every
day.
8 Were nervous about our exam results. They
(not announce) yet.

Answer the questions in pairs.


1 What are the headlines in todays newspapers?
2 Do you usually find out the news from the
press or social media?
3 Do you ever read an online newspaper?
4 If you want a news update, do you choose TV,
radio or the internet?

Practice

9
02

Pronunciation: Word stress in


compound nouns

9
03

Go to page 111.

Listen

9
04

Listen to Becky and Jez talking about


newspapers. Then complete the sentences.
1 Jezs parents like getting a newspaper every
day because
.
2 Becky says its better to go online because
3 Jezs dad prefers newspapers because
and
.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 105.

79

9b
Grammar

The passive: present continuous,


past continuous and future simple

Function

(JWFPQJOJPOT BHSFFBOEEJTBHSFF

Dialogue

9
05

Listen and read. Which actor is in


Regent Street today?

Sophie: Hey, whats happening over there?


Ryan: Lets ask this guy. Excuse me. Whats going on?
Man: Theyre filming a scene for the new James Bond
film. Its being shot behind that store. I think
James Bond and his girlfriend are being followed
by an assassin.
Sophie: Im not too keen on Bond films. I thought the
last one was boring.
Lisa: Me, too. There was one good bit where James
Bond was being chased over the roof tops, but
apart from that it was a bit dull.
Ryan: No way! How can you say that?
Lisa: Well, I dont like Daniel Craig that much. He never
smiles in his films and I dont think hes particularly
good-looking.
Ryan: Thats rubbish. Hes cool and hes tough. What
more do you want?
Josh: Stop arguing, guys. Heres one of the film crew.
Sophie: Maybe well be asked to be the new Bond girls!
Josh: Dream on!

80

Comprehension

Answer the questions.


1 What are they filming in Regent Street?
The new James Bond film.
2 Where is the scene taking place?
3 Who is following James Bond?
4 What did Sophie think of the last Bond film?
5 Why isnt Lisa very keen on Daniel Craig?
6 What does Ryan think of him?
7 Which part in a Bond film would Sophie like?

Phrases
Whats going on?
r that much
r What more do you want?
r Dream on!
r

9b
Grammar
The passive: present continuous,
past continuous and future simple
Present continuous passive
Its being shot behind that store.
They are being followed by an assassin.
Past continuous passive
Bond was being chased over the roof tops.
Some scenes were being shot in Oxford Street.
Future simple passive
Maybe well be asked to be the new Bond girls.
Make a rule.
Which word is always used in the continuous
passive forms?

Practice

Read about the day the film was shot in


Regent Street. Change the sentences into the
passive form.

Use your English: Give opinions, agree


and disagree
Give an opinion
In my opinion /I think
I think its right/good/great/brilliant that
I think its a good/great/brilliant idea.
I think its wrong/bad/terrible/unfair that
I think its a bad/terrible idea.
Agree
I agree./I think so, too.
I think youre right.
Me, too.*/Right!*
Disagree
Im not sure I agree.
Im sorry, I dont agree.
Sorry, I think youre wrong.
No way!*/Thats rubbish!*
How can you say that?*
Concede
I take your point.
I see what you mean.
Maybe youre right.
OK. You win!*
* = Informal use

9
06

Listen to part of the dialogue from


Exercise 1. Then discuss the school rules
below in groups of three.
A: I think its right that sports will be made
compulsory. Playing sport is
B: I think so, too. Everyone should
C: Sorry, but I think youre wrong.

What was happening a few hours ago?


1 A man was interviewing Daniel Craig.
Daniel Craig was being interviewed.
2 They were writing a new scene for Daniel Craig.
3 They were closing some of the roads.
What is happening now?
4 They are telling people to be quiet.
5 They are turning on special lights.
6 They are shooting a scene behind the store.

New school rules


1 Sports will be made compulsory.
2 Students will be sent home if they use
a mobile phone.
3 Pizzas will be replaced by salads in the
school canteen.
4 Students will be fined for dropping litter.

What will happen next?


7 They will edit the scenes.
8 They wont release the film until next March.
9 A woman from Hello! magazine will photograph
Daniel Craig.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 105.

81

9c
Grammar

The passive: modals, gerund


(-ing form) and infinitive

Get started

Vocabulary "EKFDUJWFBOEOPVOGPSNBUJPO

If you were ruler of the world for a year,


what would you change?
Id make sure every child in every country got a
free education.

HOME NEWS WATCH CONTACT

THE WEBSITE FOR TEENAGERS WHO WANT TO CHANGE THE WORLD


Have you got what it takes to change the world? Do our quiz and nd out.
Choose A, B, C or D for each question.

= I strongly agree.

= I agree.

2 Using animals in experiments ought to


be stopped. Its cruel and unnecessary.
A

CHECK
YOUR
ANSWERS

KEY

= 3 points,

= 2 points,

= 1 point and

06 points: Changing the world is not your priority.


712 points: You have some strong views.
1318 points: You really want to change the world.

READ ABOUT OUR LATEST CAMPAIGNER

Billy Wilson, 16, from Manchester


AND WATCH HIS VIDEO.

Be nicer to strangers!
I feel we are too greedy and selsh in our
society. But we can change that. We can show
that helping other people is as satisfying as
being helped. For example, we can carry a bag
for a stranger or share a snack. So join my
campaign and start to make a difference!
82

= I dont know.

6 Most of the things you throw away can be recycled.


Dont wait to be told, just recycle!

5 Magazines show too many images of youth and


beauty. They destroy peoples condence.

3 Something must be done to help


victims of online-bullying.
A

= I disagree.

4 Sixteen-year-olds should be paid the same as


everyone else if they do the same job.

1 Teenagers shouldnt be asked to do so


many exams. Its too stressful.
A

JOIN
BILLYS
CAMPAIGN

= 0 points.

9c
Read

9
07

Read the webpage. Match the statements


(16) in the quiz with the topics (af).

Vocabulary: Adjective and noun


formation

6a

Complete the table with adjectives or nouns


from the webpage.

1 c) education

a) the environment b) fair wages c) education


d) the media e) scientific research
f) the internet

Work in pairs. Do the quiz and compare your


answers with your partner. Then check your
profile in the quiz key.

Grammar
The passive: modals, gerund
(-ing form) and infinitive

Adjective

Noun

cruel

cruelty

___

stress

young

___

beautiful

___

confident

___

___

greed

different

___

Modals
It ought to be stopped.
Something must be done to help the victims.
They should be paid the same.
Things can be recycled.

Infinitive
Dont wait to be told.

Practice

Complete the sentences with the prompts.


1 Teachers must be paid a fair wage. (must/pay)
2 More parks ___ in our cities. (should/create)
3 Refugees ___ to our country. (ought to/
welcome)
 5IFSBJOGPSFTU@@@KVTUUPNBLFGVSOJUVSF
(shouldnt/cut down)
5 Seventeen-year-olds ___ the vote. (should/give)
6 Animals ___ to make fur coats. (mustnt/kill)
7 The music industry ___ by illegal downloading.
(can/damage)
8 Teenagers ___ children. (hate/call)
9 Cyclists ___ by drivers! (dont like/shout at)

Add these adjectives and nouns


to the table and write the missing forms.
Check in a dictionary if necessary. Then listen
and check.
Adjectives: 1 high height 2 poor 3 proud
4 hopeful 5 brave 6 wise
Nouns: 7 strength 8 truth 9 success
DPVSBHFMVDLBOHFS

Gerund (-ing form)


Helping is as satisfying as being helped.
No one likes being ignored.

9
08

Write

Choose an issue from the webpage opposite or


think of another issue. Write a paragraph giving
your opinion about the issue. Use Billy Wilsons
paragraph on the webpage to help you.
I believe that using animals in experiments ought
to be stopped. I feel that ... . For example ...

Speak

Which statement (16) from the quiz do you


agree or disagree with strongly? Why?
I agree strongly that most of the things we throw
away can be recycled. We shouldnt ...

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 106.

83

9d
REAL LIFE ISSUE

SKILLS FOCUS: LISTENING AND SPEAKING

ITS NASTY STUFF


When Justin got home from school he was in
a good mood. His older sister, Vicky, who was
a local newspaper reporter, asked him why he
was so happy.
Im looking forward to doing my work experience
next week, Justin said. Im going to work for Richard
Ross for two weeks. He owns Ross Construction.
They build houses and ...
I know, Vicky said. Hes a successful businessman.
Maybe youll be offered a job when you finish
university, Justins father said. Make sure you work
hard to impress him.
Justin promised that he would. He picked up
Vickys newspaper and looked at the lead article.
There was a photo of bags containing asbestos. They
had been dumped illegally near their town. Thats a
terrible thing to do, he said. Yes, youre right, said
Vicky. Asbestos is nasty stuff and it can cause lung
cancer if you breathe in the dust.
On Monday morning, Justin arrived at Ross
Construction. Richard Ross himself was waiting for
him at reception.
Im Richard Ross. Nice to meet you, Justin. Now
follow me. We have some work to do.

84

For the next two weeks Mr Ross showed Justin


how the company worked and spent a lot of time
with him. Justin worked hard so that he would make
a good impression on Mr Ross.
On the last day, Justin and Mr Ross visited an
old building. It was being demolished by Ross
Construction in order to build a new hotel. As they
walked around the site, Justin saw workers wearing
protective clothing and face masks. They were
throwing bags into a big skip.
Whats in the bags, Mr Ross? Justin asked.
Asbestos, Mr Ross said.
Oh right. Thats toxic, isnt it? Do you have to do
anything special with it? Justin asked.
No, we get rid of it ourselves. Now come and see
how
Mr Ross clearly wanted to change the subject.
Justin said nothing but he thought the bags looked
similar to the ones in the newspaper photo.
Something should be done about this, he thought.
Is your newspaper still writing articles about
asbestos? Justin asked Vicky that evening.
Yes, Vicky replied. Why?
Justin hesitated. What should he say?

9d
Listen
NEW WORDS
LISTENING TIP: LISTEN FOR LINKERS

t work experience t nasty stuff t in a good mood


t look forward to t impress t dump (v) t asbestos
t lung cancer t breathe t dust t impression
t demolish t face mask t skip (n) t toxic
t get rid of t hesitate

A linking word or phrase will often tell you what


sort of information is coming next. When you hear
linkers such as for example, because of this or as
a result you can predict the kind of information you
will hear.
Now do Exercise 4.

Read

9
09

Read the story. What does Justin know


that Vicky doesnt know?

4a

Listen to a telephone conversation


between Justin and Mr Ross. Does Justin tell
the newspaper who is dumping the asbestos?

Comprehension

9
10

Answer the questions.


1
2
3
4
5
6

Why is Justin happy?


What does Justins father hope will happen?
What is the newspaper article about?
What was in the bags on the building site?
What does Ross Construction usually do with it?
What does Justin notice about the bags?

Speak your mind!

SPEAKING TIP: PRACTISE NEW


LANGUAGE

Listen again. Complete the sentences.


1 Justin phones Mr Ross to talk about the
asbestos problem.
2 Justin knows what the newspaper is going to
do. They are going to ___.
3 Justin didnt want to give the name of the
company that was dumping the asbestos
because ___.
4 Justin has found a company that can ___.
5 Mr Ross asks Justin to ___.

Try to use new language when you speak. Look


back at what you have learnt and try to bring it into
your speech. This will help you become more fluent
and remember new language.
Now do Exercise 3.

3a

Roleplay. Choose one of the roles below and


prepare what you want to say.

Write

Write a letter to Mr Ross. Use the advertisement


and the prompts below to help you.

Paragraph 1
mUIBOL.S3PTTGPSIJTIFMQ
mTBZXIZUIFMBTUUXPXFFLT
were a good experience for you
Paragraph 2
mHJWF.S3PTTUIFEFUBJMTPGUIF
asbestos removal company
mFYQMBJOXIZJUJTBHPPEJEFB
to use the company

b Act out the roleplay. Justin and Vicky must


decide what to do.

S SAFE AND CLEAN


C WASTE REMOVAL
We remove all
your waste safely!

WOOD, METAL,
CONCRETE,
CHEMICALS,
ASBESTOS

Paragraph 3
mUIBOL.S3PTTBHBJO

Reasonable prices.
Reliable service.

Dear Mr Ross,
I am writing to thank you for ...

55 Prince Industrial Estate


info@safeandclean.co.uk

85

10a
Grammar

Third conditional with would have

Vocabulary Verbs connected with money

Get started

10 MONEY

86

If you found a large diamond ring in the


street, would you a) keep it, b) sell it,
c) take it to the police station?

Read

10
01

Listen and read the article. Where was


the ring before it went into Billys cup?

Comprehension

Answer true (T), false (F) or doesnt say (DS).


1 Billy Ray Harris used to live on the
streets. T
2 Sarah Darling gave him the ring by mistake.
3 Billy couldnt sell the ring.
 5IFSJOHXBTXPSUI 
5 Sarah and her husband gave Billy more
UIBO 
6 Billys sister got in touch with him online.
7 Their reunion was shown on TV.
8 Billy now has friends as well as family.

Honesty is the best policy


BILLY RAY HARRIS

is a very happy man.


Just a few months ago he was a homeless
beggar on the streets of Kansas City in
the USA. Now he can afford a home of
his own. Even better, he has found his
long lost family.
This astonishing story wouldnt have
happened if Sarah Darling hadnt stopped in
the street to give Billy some money. She only
realised later that as well as the coins, she
had also dropped a large diamond ring into
his cup! She had put her ring in her purse
because it was a little loose.
When Billy saw the ring, he thought about
selling it to a local jeweller. However, he
decided to return it to the owner if possible.
When Sarah came back the next day, he
handed over the ring with a smile.
If Billy had sold the ring, the
jeweller would have paid him
$4,000. Sarah and her
husband wanted to reward
him for his honesty, so they
set up an online fundraising
page. As the story spread, the
public donated more and more.
After a few months they had
raised more than $190,000.
Meanwhile, Billy was
becoming a national hero.
490 miles away, in Texas, his

sister, who hadnt seen him for sixteen years,


recognised his face while she was reading
the news online. Not long afterwards they
were reunited live on a TV show.
If Sarah hadnt taken her ring off one day
and put it in her purse, Billy Ray wouldnt
have swapped his cardboard box for a
warm bed and he wouldnt have made new
friends or found his family. This
wonderful story certainly
proves the old saying
Honesty is the
best policy!

10a
Speak

Vocabulary: Verbs connected with money

Work in pairs or groups. Discuss the


questions.
Is there a saying like Honesty is the best
policy in your language? Do you think its
always true?

Third conditional with would have


If Billy had sold UIFSJOH UIFKFXFMMFSwould
have paidIJN 
If Sarah hadnt taken her ring off, Billy Ray
wouldnt have found his family.

1 I couldnt afford my bus fare yesterday. Luke ___


me the money. Ill ___ him back tomorrow.
2 When my grandfather died, my parents ___ some
money. They ___ some of it to charity.
 .ZCSPUIFSTHPUBQBSUUJNFKPC)F@@@bBO
hour and they ___ him extra on Sundays.
 .ZVODMF@@@b JOBDPNQBOZ CVUUIF
company went ___ and he ___ all of it.
5 Students often have to get into ___. They ___
money from their parents or from the government.
6 Tom found a wallet and took it to the police
TUBUJPO5IFPXOFS@@@IJNXJUIb
7 We wanted to ___ money for charity, so we made
cakes and sold them at school.
8 I dont want to go shopping. Im ___ my money for
my holiday.

Complete the rule.


We form the third conditional with if + the ___
tense and would have + the ___ participle.

Practice
Complete the sentences with the third
conditional form of the verbs in brackets.
1 If Sarah had put (put) the ring on her finger,
it wouldnt have been (not be) in her purse.
2 If it ___ (not be) in her purse, she ___ (not
pick) it up with the coins.
3 Billy ___ (feel) guilty if he ___ (sell) the ring.
4 If Sarah ___ (not go) back to Billy, what ___
(he/do)?
5 She ___ (be) very upset if she ___ (not get)
the ring back.
6 If Billy ___ (not be) honest, he ___ (not
become) famous.

8a

a) Lily didnt have a car.


b) She went to work by bus.
c) She saw a wallet on the pavement by the
bus stop.
d) She found the owners details in the wallet.
e) Lily returned the wallet.
f) The owner found his lottery ticket.
H
5IFPXOFSXPOb  
h) The owner of the wallet shared the prize
money with Lily.
i) Lily bought a Mercedes.

Work in pairs.

You want to go on a school trip to China. But the trip


DPTUTb FBDIBOEZPVDBOUBGGPSEJU OFJUIFS
can your parents). You have six months to raise the
money. Make a plan! Use the prompts and your own
ideas.

Read Lilys story. Make sentences in the


third conditional.
1 a) + b) If shed had a car, she wouldnt have
gone to work by bus.
2 b) + c) If she hadnt gone to work by bus,

Complete the sentences with the correct


form of the verbs and phrases from the box.
There are four extra verbs.
rCPSSPX GSPN
r DBO
BGGPSErEPOBUF UP

rFBSOrHFUJOUPEFCUrHJWFBXBZ
r HP
CBOLSVQUrJOIFSJUrJOWFTU JO
rMFOE
rMPTFrNBLFrPXF UP
rQBZ
rQBZ TCCBDL
SFQBZrSBJTFrSFXBSE
rTBWFTBWFVQ GPS
rTQFOE PO

Grammar

10
02

r CPSSPXJUmXIPGSPN IPXDPVMEZPVQBZJUCBDL
r FBSOJUmXIBULJOEPGKPCDPVMEZPVHFU
r PSHBOJTFBGVOESBJTJOHFWFOUmXIBULJOEPGFWFOU

Now tell the class.


Were going to

Write

Write an essay arguing for and against the topic


Honesty is always the best policy. For help with
discursive essays, go to the Writing bank on
page 116.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 106.

87

10b
Grammar

wish/if only + past perfect

Vocabulary Phrasal verbs with out

Sweet Success
Adrian Pritchard interviews
seventeen-year-old Evie Cole
about her very protable luxury
chocolate business.
How did you get started?
When I was ten and my brother was thirteen, we made
some chocolates and took them to our local market.
People loved our chocolates because they were
homemade and we sold out in an hour. Sometimes I wish
we hadnt been such a success because that gave us the
idea of going into business and it hasnt always been easy.
We set up a company and a website, but the website took
far too long to design. We didnt really have a clue how to
do it. It turned out all right in the end, but looking back,
I wish wed hired somebody to do it for us.

How did you manage school and your business?


It was a bit dicult. At rst, we got a lot of orders and
I had to work two hours every day after school and three
hours at the weekend. We went through a really bad stage
for about a year. The fridge was always full of chocolates
and it was driving Mum crazy. Then my school work
began to suer and I failed some exams. In the end, we
worked out that we could aord to employ other people
to make the chocolates. If only wed had the money for
that earlier!

Do you have any regrets?


Not really. Even the mistakes we made helped us to
learn. Maybe I have one regret I wish I hadnt given
up languages at school. I sell chocolates to lots of
countries and Id like to be able to talk to some of my
customers in their own language.

Read

10
03

Listen and read the interview. Why did Evies school work suffer?

Comprehension

Answer the questions.


1 How old was Evie when she started selling chocolates?
She was ten.
2 Where did Evie sell her first chocolates?
3 How long did it take to sell the chocolates?
4 Why was it difficult to set up the website?

88

5
6
7
8

How long did the difficult time last?


Where did they put the chocolates at first?
How did they make their lives easier?
What does Evie say about mistakes?

10b
S ? LVE IT!

How many hours a week did


Evie work at first?

rMPPLXIFSF*XBTHPJOHrOPUBOTXFSUIFQIPOF
rHJWFIFSBOJDFSTVSQSJTFrOPUUSZ
rSFBEUIFSFDJQFNPSFDBSFGVMMZ

Vocabulary: Phrasal verbs with out

10
04

Complete the sentences with the correct


form of the phrasal verbs from the box.
rFBUPVUrGJOEPVUrMFBWFPVUrQPJOUPVU
rTFMMPVUrUISPXPVUrUVSOPVUrXPSLPVU
1 I tried to buy the new Harry Potter book, but
the shop had sold out of them.
2 Can you ___ the answer to the Maths problem?
3 Evie had some problems with her business, but
it all ___ well in the end.
4 You wrote a really good essay, but
unfortunately you ___ the introduction.
5 I thought I looked so cool until my friend ___
I had toothpaste on my nose!
6 Dont ___ my old books! I want to keep them!
7 Im hungry. Lets ___ tonight.
8 Have you ___ what time the bus leaves?

Grammar

I decided to make a cake for my mums birthday.


1
I wish I hadnt tried to be so ambitious! Everything
went wrong. While the cake was in the oven, my
phone rang and I forgot about the cake so some
of it was burnt. 2___. Then I
tripped over the cat and
nearly dropped the cake.
3
___. When my mum tried
the cake, it tasted awful
because Id forgotten to put
the sugar in it. 4___.
Anyway, she was quite
pleased, but 5___!

Listen

wish/if only + past perfect


I wish wed hired somebody to do it for us.
If only wed had the money for that earlier!
I wish I hadnt given up languages at school.
Choose the correct option.
We use wish/if only and the past simple / past
perfect tense to talk about regrets in the past.

Practice

Complete the story with wish or if only. Use


the phrases from the box.

Make sentences with wish or if only.


1 Today I kept falling asleep. (go/bed/earlier)
I wish Id gone to bed earlier!/If only Id gone to
bed earlier!
2 I bought some trainers and now Im broke!
(not/spend/all my money)
3 My exam results werent good. (study/harder)
4 Its freezing. (bring/sweater)
5 I didnt realise it was Jacks birthday today.
(buy/birthday card)
6 I did what Carla told me, but it wasnt good
advice. (not/listen to/Carla)

10
05

Listen to some people talking about their


teenage years. Complete the table with the
names Andy, Tony, June, Brian or Cathy.

Who ...
1 stopped studying a language?

Andy

2 didnt like living at home when he


was younger?
3 didnt pass an exam?
 USJFENBOZKPCTCFGPSFIFGPVOE
one he liked?
5 now knows that personality is more
important than beauty?
6 studies after work?

Speak

Talk about things you wish you had or hadnt


done in the past. Use these topics to help you.
rFYBNTrTQPSUrGBNJMZrUSBWFM

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 107.

89

10c
Grammar

Third conditional with might have

Function

(JWFBOEBDDFQUDPOHSBUVMBUJPOT

Dialogue

Comprehension

10
06

Listen and read. Why is Sophie happy?

The friends are by the River Thames near Tower Bridge.


Josh: What are you up to for the rest of the summer, Ryan?
Ryan: *WFHPUUPEPTPNF.BUITSFWJTJPO:PVLOPX*GBJMFENZ.BUIT($4& 
Well, Ive got to retake it.
Josh: Thats such a pain.
Ryan: Tell me about it! If Id done a bit more work last term, I might have passed.
Josh: Yeah. I think I might have got a better grade in History if Id read a few
more books.
Ryan: Heres Sophie. She looks happy!
Sophie: (VFTTXIBU*NJOUIFGJOBMPGUIFA:PVOH#VTJOFTT1FSTPOPGUIF:FBS
They really liked my hand-printed T-shirts.
Lisa: Wow! Congratulations! You must be very pleased.
Josh: Yeah. Well done! Thats fantastic!
Sophie: Thanks. But I might not have done so well if you hadnt helped me
with my application form.
Ryan: Rubbish. You worked really hard. You deserve it.
Sophie: Thank you. Anyway, lets celebrate. They do a wicked
strawberry cheesecake in the caf over there. How about it? Its on me.
Ryan: OK. If youre paying, lead the way!

90

Who thinks the following?


Write J (Josh), R (Ryan), L
(Lisa) or S (Sophie).
1 I cant believe Ive won a
place in the final. S
2 I shouldnt have failed
that exam.
3 Sophies looking
very pleased about
something.
4 Ill pay.
5 I didnt read enough
History books.
6 I expect Sophies very
happy.

Phrases
rWhat

are you up to?


r Thats such a pain.
r Tell me about it! r How about it?
r Its on me. r Lead the way!

10c
Grammar
Third conditional with might have
If Id done more work last term, I might have
passed.
I might not have done so well if you hadnt
helped me.

Use your English: Give and accept


congratulations

Practice

Complete the sentences with the third conditional


with might have.
1 If they had done (do) more training, they might have
won (win).
2 He ___ (hurt) himself if he ___ (not wear) a seat belt.
3 If the weather ___ (be) better, we ___ (go) for a
bike ride.
4 I ___ (not finish) my homework if you ___ (not give)
me some help.
 *G%BO@@@ OPUCF
TPUJSFE IF@@@ FOKPZ
UIFQBSUZ
more.

Read about Sophies success. Make sentences


with the third conditional with might have.

Announce your news


(VFTTXIBU*NJOUIFGJOBM
:PVMMOFWFSHVFTTm*HPUBEJTUJODUJPO
in my exam!
#FMJFWFJUPSOPU *WFKVTUXPOb
Congratulate the person
Congratulations! You must be very pleased!
Well done! Thats fantastic/great!
Accept congratulations
Thanks. I couldnt have done it without you.
Thanks. I never believed it would happen.
Thank you. It must have been my lucky day!

1 she/listen to her parents choose Music not Art as


BTQFDJBMTVCKFDU
If shed listened to her parents, she might have
chosen Music not Art as a special subject.
2 she/not work so hard in her free time not
become so successful.
3 her aunt/not take such an interest in her work
she/not be able to sell her clothes in the market.
4 her friends/not help her miss the application
date.
 UIFKVEHFTOPUMJLFIFSIBOEQSJOUFE5TIJSUT
she/not win a place in the final.

Pronunciation: Weak form: Y might have

10
07

Respond
Dont be silly. I knew youd do it.
Rubbish. You worked really hard.
Not at all. You deserve it.
Lets go and celebrate! Lunch is on me.

10
08

Listen to the second half of the


dialogue in Exercise 1. Practise similar
conversations using the prompts.
A: Guess what! Ive !
 :PVWFKVTUQBTTFEZPVSESJWJOHUFTU
2 Youve got into the finals of The X Factor.
3 You got grade A in English for your last essay.
 :PVWFXPObJOUIFXFFLMZMPUUFSZ
5 Youve been given a grant to study in
the USA for six months.

Go to page 111.

Extra practice
For more practice, go to page 107.

91

10d
ACROSS CULTURES

SKILLS FOCUS: WRITING

International social customs

Greeting AND eating


HOME BLOG ABOUT

If I meet someone of my age for the first time, I just say Hi


and smile. If its somebody older, like one of my parents friends, I
usually shake hands and say How do you do? On the other hand,
if its close family or a good friend, I just give them a hug and a kiss.
Teenage boys kiss family members, but not male friends.
If youre invited to dinner, it will probably be between seven and
eight oclock. Its polite to arrive on time, or up to ten minutes late,
and bring a small gift, like flowers or chocolates. Unlike in some
countries, its quite OK to chat and laugh during the meal.

Greece

UK

When we meet people for the first time, we often shake


hands, but usually only with people of the same sex. If
were in a group, we always greet the oldest person first
and the youngest person last.
You dont have to take a gift when you go to someones
house for dinner. However, if you do, wrap it in yellow,
green or red paper (they are lucky colours). Oh, and dont
take white flowers theyre only for funerals.
Dont be late, and take your shoes off at the door. Its polite
to refuse food or drink the first time (its OK, theyll offer
it again!). While you eat, dont talk too much. Its also
polite to leave a little food on your plate. If you eat it all, it
looks like you are still hungry.

Get started

Paul
16

Greek people are very friendly. Because of this we often hug


our friends when we meet them and we often kiss them on the
cheek, too.
If you go to dinner at a Greek friends home, you should take a
small gift or a bouquet of flowers. You should arrive about half
an hour late. In spite of this, nobody will think youre impolite.
Dont sit down at the dining table until you are told to and
dont start eating before your host or hostess. Expect a lively
conversation meals are an opportunity for big discussions. Its
good manners to eat everything on your plate and they will be
pleased if you accept some more!

Andreas
14

How do you greet the following people?


r BHJSMPSCPZPGZPVSBHFXIPZPVNFFUGPSUIFGJSTUUJNF 
r BOPMEFSGSJFOEPGZPVSQBSFOUT 
r BSFMBUJWFPSBGSJFOEUIBUZPVLOPXXFMM

92

http://www.traveltips.net

Amita
15
India

NEW WORDS
t social t custom t shake hands t close (adj)
t hug (v/n) t kiss (v/n) t on time t gift
t unlike tIPTU FTT
t lively t good manners
t wrap (v) t bouquet t funeral

10d
Read

Write

10
09

Read about social customs across cultures. In which


country are yellow, green and red lucky colours?

Comprehension

3a

Tick the country or countries.

In which country or countries:

UK

Greece

India

1 do they hug?
2 do they often shake hands?
3 should guests take presents?
4 is it fine to be late?
5 should you take off your shoes?
6 is it a little rude to eat
everything?
7 should you be careful when
you sit down?

WRITING TIP: MIXED LINKERS


ON THE OTHER HAND,
CONSEQUENTLY, BECAUSE
OF THIS, IN SPITE OF THIS
t$POUSBTU If its somebody older,
I usually shake hands. On the other
hand, if its a good friend, I give
them a hug.
t$PODFTTJPO You should arrive about
half an hour late. In spite of this,
nobody will think youre impolite
t$BVTF(SFFLQFPQMFBSFWFSZ
friendly. Consequently/Because of
this, we often hug our friends when we
meet them.
Now do Exercise 6.

Answer the questions.


1 Whats the difference between greeting people in India,
(SFFDFBOEUIF6,
2 How important is punctuality in each country?
3 How much conversation is it polite to make during a meal in
each country?

1 I didnt want to be late, but I didnt


want to arrive too early, either.
I didnt want to be late. On the
other hand, I didnt want to arrive
too early.
2 We had an enormous dish of pasta.
I managed to eat all the dessert.

Listen

10
10

Listen to a woman talking about her holiday and


complete the information in the table.

Country of speaker

3 I offered to help to clear up after


the meal. I didnt get home until
after midnight.

The USA

4 I wanted to bring a gift. I didnt


want to bring anything too formal.

Country she was visiting


Occasion

 5IFSFXBTBIVHFUSBGGJDKBNJO
town. I arrived at the cinema late.

Problem
Local custom

Speak

Rewrite the sentences using one of


the linkers from the box above.

Talk about you. Ask and answer in pairs. What social


customs do you think are different between your country
and the UK? Think of these topics:
rNFBMTrNFFUJOHBOEHSFFUJOH
rPUIFSTPDJBMPDDBTJPOTrQVODUVBMJUZ

6 I couldnt speak very much French.


I was able to chat to his parents.

Write about your country for


the website International social
customs. Use your ideas from
Exercise 5 and Pauls text in the
website as a model.
Greeting and eating
In (name of country), people
usually

93

5
4

Grammar (40 marks)

Complete the news report with the correct


form of the passive. Use the present or past
simple and the present or past perfect.

Channel 10 news

A 10,000 diamond necklace


has been stolen (steal) from
the singer Angelicas hotel
room in Las Vegas, USA.
The necklace 1___ (take) this
afternoon while she was
out. Angelica 2___ (give) the
necklace by her husband. The
rapper BeeJay, who is staying
at the same hotel, 3___ also
___ (rob) the same night.
Some computer equipment
4
___ (take) from his room.
The police in Las Vegas 5___
(already/call in), but nobody
6
___ (yet/charge). The hotel,
which 7___ (often/use) by
celebrities, 8___ (vote) Hotel
of the Year last year.

0 I didnt take a jacket. I caught a cold.


If I had taken a jacket, I wouldnt have caught
a cold.
1 I didnt run. I didnt catch the bus.
2 The train was late. I missed the start of the film.
3 He didnt set the alarm. He overslept.
4 Julia got lost. She didnt have a map.
/8

Complete with the correct form of


the passive.
0 Nurses ought ___ (pay) more.
Nurses ought to be paid more.
1 I dont enjoy ___ what to do. (tell)
2 She shouldnt ___ alone at home. (leave)
3 I told my mum that I wanted ___ early. (wake
up)
4 Dictionaries mustnt ___ out of the library. (take)
/4

94

Rewrite what people said about a party with


wish/if only + the past perfect.
0 I wore my high heels.
I wish I hadnt worn high heels.
If only I hadnt worn high heels.
1 Anna didnt hire a DJ.
2 Anna didnt invite Mark.
3 We had the party outdoors.
4 Maria didnt turn up.

Change the active sentences into passive


sentences.
0 They wont make a decision until next week.
A decision wont be made until next week.
1 They will sell the new Harry Potter book online.
2 They were making a video of our show!
3 I hope they wont ask us to show our
passports.
4 Theyre holding a pop concert on Monday.
/8

Rewrite the sentences using the third


conditional with might have.
0 They didnt have the correct address. They
didnt find the house.
If they had had the correct address, they might
have found the house.
1 He ate three burgers. He was sick.
2 She didnt wear boots. She slipped.
3 He had a guitar lesson. He didnt come.
4 I wrote the essay late at night. I made so many
mistakes.
/8

/8

Rewrite the sentences using the third


conditional.

/4

Vocabulary (40 marks)

Complete the media words.


0 24-hour news channels report breaking news.
1 I use s___ m___ all the time. My favourite one is
Twitter.
2 A h___ is the title of a newspaper article.
3 Now over to our reporter in the USA for a l___
r___ on the hurricane.
4 I dont believe everything I read in the p___.
5 My dad doesnt read o___ n___. He still prefers
the paper versions.
6 I watch at least one n___ b___ everyday. I like
to know whats happening in the world.
/6

5
8

Complete with the noun form of the adjectives


from the box.

Use your English (20 marks)

11

FRQILGHQWSRRUFRXUDJHRXVSURXG
GLIIHUHQWVXFFHVVIXOKLJKEHDXWLIXO
cruelVWUHVVIXO
0 Im a vegetarian so I hate cruelty to animals.
1 Theres a big ___ between these cars.
2 Too many people in this city are living in ___.
3 You must always take ___ in your work.
4 He had great ___ at school.
5 ___ isnt as important as personality.
 :KDWVWKHBBBRIWKH(LIIHO7RZHU"
7 You need a lot of ___ to apologise.
8 To get up and make a speech you need ___.
9 Changing school can cause a lot of ___.
/18

Complete with the correct form of the verb.


LQKHULWRZHearnVDYHSD\
VSHQGERUURZOHQGDIIRUG
GRQDWHPDNH

Choose the correct response from the box.


7HOOPHDERXWLW/HDGWKHZD\
:KDWPRUHGR\RXZDQW"'UHDPRQ
7KDWVVXFKDSDLQ,WVRQPH
:HOOGRQH<RXPXVWEHVRSOHDVHG
What are you up to"

A: Hi, John. 0What are you up to"


B: Hi, Kate. Not much. Im watching TV.
A: Lets go for a coffee. 1___
B: OK. Thanks! 2___
A: *XHVVZKDW",SDVVHGWKHH[DP
B: 3___
A: Oh, dear! Youve got a lot of work to do!
B: 4___
A: I hate Johnny Depp!
B: Hes intelligent and good-looking. 5___
A: I lost all my files from a computer virus.
B: Oh, dear. 6___
A: 'R\RXWKLQN,OOJHWDSDUWLQWKHILOP"
B: <RX"7___

I 0 earn about 25 a week. I 1___ about 2 a day on


travel. Last week, I 2___ my friend 10. He
3
___ me nearly 30 now, but I know hell 4___ me
back. I never buy expensive things because I prefer
to 5___ my money. I cant 6___ to go out much, but
I dont like to 7___ money from my parents. Every
month I 8___ 10 to a different charity. Last year, I
9
___ 500 from my uncle. After university, Id like to
10
___ money by designing websites.

/10

10

Replace the underlined words with the


correct form of the phrasal verbs from the box.
ILQGRXWWXUQRXWZHOOwork out
SRLQWRXWHDWRXWWKURZRXWVHOORXW

0 My dad cant understand why his computer


wont work.
My dad cant work out why his computer wont
work.
1 Tell him that he needs to switch it on.
2 Did you get information about WKHWUDLQWLPHV"
3 Im sorry, the tickets have all been bought.
4 My dad is getting rid of his old guitar.
5 The exam was hard, but it was fine in the end.
6 Were having a meal in a restaurant tonight.
/6

/14

12

Look at the jumbled conversation. Number


the lines in the correct order.

a) A:+RZFDQ\RXVD\WKDW",WKLQNLWVUHDOO\
unfair!
b) B: I think thats a very sensible idea.
c) A: Because they will make us pay to take the
test.
d) A: OK. I take your point.
e) B:8QIDLU":K\LVWKDWVXFKDEDGLGHD"
f ) B: Yes, but not very much. Anyway, cyclists will
be much safer on the roads.
1 g) A: Next year everyone will have to take
a cycle test.
/6

10
11

LISTEN AND CHECK YOUR SCORE

Grammar

/40

Vocabulary

/40

Phrases/Use your English

/20

Total

/100

95

Unit 1

Lesson 1b

Lesson 1a

1a

Complete with the present continuous or


present simple form of a verb from the box.

rQMBZrEPrGJOJTIrHP Y
rXPSL
rXBOUrMPWFrMFBSO

Ryan Millett 1loves all


sports, but he 2___ hard
at school, too. At the
moment he 3___ three A
levels at Camden College.
He 4___ to go to university next
year. At the weekend he usually 5___ football
or basketball and this year he 6___ how to
rock climb. He 7___ twice a week to the local
climbing centre. School 8___ in two weeks and
next summer he 9___ climbing in Scotland.

Make questions with question tags to ask Ryan.


 OBNFm3ZBO ) Your names Ryan, isnt it?
 GBUIFSm"NFSJDBO )
5 like football ( )
3 studying at college ( ) 6 like tennis ( )
4 doing four A levels ( )

List the clothes in the correct sections (15).


1 bandana, baseball cap,

rCBOEBOBrCBOHMF
rCBTFCBMMDBQrCFMU
rCPPUTrDBSEJHBO
rDPBUrDPNCBUUSPVTFST
rESFTTrGMFFDF
rGMJQGMPQTrIBJSCBOE
rIBUrIJHIIFFMT
rIPPEJFrKBDLFU
rKFBOTrKVNQFS
rMFHHJOHTrTBOEBMT
rTIJSUrTIPFTrTIPSUT
rTLJSUrTPDLTrTVJU
rTXFBUFSrTXFBUTIJSU
rUJFrUPQrUJHIUT
rUSBDLTVJUUPQ
rUSBDLTVJUCPUUPNT
rUSBJOFSTrUSPVTFST
r5TIJSU

96

Read the facts about


Bill, a firefighter, and
write a short
paragraph. Use the
present perfect
simple and past simple.

Job

firefighter

How long?



Where/work?

.BODIFTUFS m

-POEPO mOPX

What/do so far?

rescue hundreds of
people and animals in
accidents, put out fires,
drive the fire truck, give
talks in schools

What/funniest
incident?

SFTDVFDBUJOBUSFF

Why/choose the job? always/want to help


people
Bill has been a firefighter since 2006. He worked in
Manchester from ... to ... . He ... in London ... . So far,
... rescued hundreds of people and . He ... fires and
... the fire truck. He ... also ... in schools. The funniest
incident was when ... . He chose the job because ... .

Lesson 1c

Complete the email with as + adjective/


adverb, or the comparative form. Use an
intensifier (much or far) if you see a
.

as interesting

Lesson 2b
S ? LVE IT!

Sort the following in the order of how


frequently the teenagers watch a DVD.
(1 = hardly ever, 6 = very often)
1 Josie

1 d)
I was searching the internet when my laptop
crashed.

r"EBNXBUDIFTUXJDFBXFFL
r)BSSJFUXBUDIFTFWFSZ'SJEBZ
r#FOXBUDIFTNPSFGSFRVFOUMZUIBO.FSZM
r8JMMJBNEPFTOUXBUDIBTPGUFOBT.FSZM CVU
more often than Adam.
r+PTJFXBUDIFTPODFBZFBS
r.FSZMXBUDIFTUXPNPSFEBZTBXFFLUIBO"EBN

While I was searching the internet, my laptop


crashed.
My laptop crashed while I was searching the
internet.
1 I was searching the internet
2 They were watching a DVD
 4IFXBTUSZJOHPOTPNFKFBOTJOBTIPQ
4 I was running for the bus
5 He was walking down the stairs
6 We were having breakfast
7 I was eating a salad in a restaurant

Unit 2
Lesson 2a

Complete the sentences with the past tense of


the verb in brackets. Then put during or for in
the gaps.
1 They lived (live) in California for ten years
before they moved (move) to New York.
2 The show ___ (be) three hours long, so we
___ (buy) some snacks ___ the interval.
3 I ___ (learn) how to skydive ___ the holidays.
4 He ___ (look) at me and ___ (say) nothing ___
a long time.
5 My father ___ (watch) television every day ___
UIF0MZNQJD(BNFT
6 The baby ___ (wake up) ___ the night and
___ (cry) ___ two hours.
7 He ___ (wait) ___ half an hour. She eventually
@@@ DPNF
BU
8 I ___ (start) to feel ill ___ the morning.

Rearrange the words to make a dialogue.

Jay: right, you Toby? all Are


Are you all right, Toby?

Match the beginnings (17) to their endings


(ag). Then join them in three different ways
using when and while.

a) the heel of my shoe broke.


b) a police officer knocked on our door.
c) he slipped and fell.
d) my laptop crashed.
e) I saw an insect on my lettuce.
f) they heard someone in the kitchen.
g) her mobile phone rang.

Rewrite the underlined parts of the


sentences using a phrasal verb with up.
1 Did you invent this story or is it true?
Did you make up this story or is it true?
2 I've stopped learning the piano because I don't
have enough time to practise.
3 Please rise when the head teacher enters the
room.
4 She started to learn the guitar when she
was twelve.
5 Don't be sad! Its a beautiful day!
6 I invited Jack, but Im sure he wont come.
7 Can you remove your clothes from the floor?

Toby: worry. fine. Yes, Im Dont


Jay: you earth What Are happened? on sure?
Toby: a avoid I car. to swerved
Jay: hurt Did yourself? you
Toby: *CBMBODFKVTUNZ/P MPTU
Jay: you Can a give I hand?
Toby: Im No OK. Really, thanks.

97

Lesson 2c

Lesson 3b

Read the story. Then rewrite it in this order:


E A B F H G C D. Change the past simple to
the past perfect.

1 Id better go. I have to start at eight oclock.


2 Do you think I ___ phone and say well be late?
3 Surely we ___ phone her now. Were going to
see her this evening.
4 You ___ answer all the questions. Thats one of
the rules.
5 If you want my opinion, he ___ borrow your
things without asking. Its rude.
6 Its a surprise so you ___ open your eyes until
I tell you.
7 Its your decision, but really you ___ read in the
dark. Its bad for your eyes.
8 Its only an informal party. You ___ wear
anything smart.

E) Eddys parents had a nasty fright yesterday when


hey realised their son was missing. (A) Five-year-old
ddy had left the house at four oclock to go and buy
n ice cream, but (B) he ...

A Five-year-old Eddy left the house at four oclock


to go and buy an ice cream.
B He didnt return.
C Half way to the ice cream shop, the boy
changed his mind and walked to the station.
D He got on a train and got off at Kendal station,
sixty miles away from his home.
E Eddys parents had a nasty fright yesterday
when they realised their son was missing.
F The parents called the police.
G Two girls saw the boy at Kendal station.
H Ten minutes later, Eddies parents received
a phone call.

Lesson 3c

Unit 3

I go to a youth club with my friends every


Friday night. I 1m allowed to go (allow/
go) as long as Im back by ten oclock.
Last Friday I was late back because I lost
my bus pass and I 2___ (not/allow/get on)
the bus without it. When I got home, my
parents were really angry. They 3___ (not
let/explain) and now I 4___ (not/allow/
go) to the club any more. Now my parents
always 5___ (make/tell them) exactly
where I am going and who I am going
with. Its ridiculous. Whats your advice?
Clare (15)

Complete with words for kitchen equipment.


1 You need a kettle if you want to boil water for
tea.
2 You can serve soup in a ___.
3 You need a ___ to open a can.
4 You use a ___ for cutting your food.
5 You usually put a ___ under a cup of tea.
6 You need ___ if you want to weigh something.
7 You need a ___ to get small pieces of cheese.
8 You use a ___ to take the skin off potatoes.
Choose the correct options.

amie: What 1 are you doing / do you do this


afternoon? Do you fancy a bike ride?
len: I dont know. I 2will have / m having a guitar
lesson at 4 p.m., so I must be back for that.
amie: OK. But lets go out for an hour or two.
It 3will being / will be fun. Dont worry,
we 4are / ll be back before your lesson.
len: All right! Wait a moment. I 5m telling / ll tell
my dad.
amie: Oh, no! It looks as if it 6will rain / s going to
rain!
len: Well, I 7m not going to enjoy / m not

Complete the letter to a magazine with the


correct form of (not) allowed to, make or let.

Dear Problem Page,

Lesson 3a

Complete with have to, not have to, must,


mustnt, should or shouldnt.

Choose the correct options.

A: Hey, do you fancy 1___ to see the new Batman film


this evening?
a) go b) to go c) going
B: I 2___, but Im afraid I cant.
a) like to b) d love to c) love to
A: Really? Why not?
B: I 3___ go and visit my aunt in hospital.
a) got b) have got c) ve got to
A: Thats a 4
.

Unit 4

Lesson 4b

Lesson 4a

Join the two underlined sentences to make a


new sentence with a relative clause. Omit the
relative pronoun if possible.
I recently saw a film I will never forget.

Chuck Williams: A few of my favourite things


1

DVD
I recently saw a film. I will never forget it. It was
called The Pianist.

Singer
At the moment my favourite singer is a woman.
The woman is called Laura Marling.

Restaurant
I often go to a local Mexican caf. They serve
excellent food there.

Ann: Hi, Jack! Where 1have you been (you/be)?


I 2___ (not/see) you for ages.
Jack: I 3@@@ DPNFKVTU
CBDLGSPN1BSJT*4___ (go)
there on a trip with my school.
Ann: Cool! I 5___ (never/be) to Paris. What 6___ (you
do) there?
Jack: I 7___ (take) lots of photos of the Eiffel Tower
and I 8___ (visit) the Louvre.
Ann: The Louvre? Whats that?
Jack: Its a big art museum. In fact, its the biggest
museum I 9___ (be/ever) to.

Complete the conversations with a phrasal


verb from the box in the correct form.
rMPHPOrDBSSZPOrUVSOPOrHFUPO
rtry onrIPMEPOrDPVOUPO

Lesson 4c

1
Conversation 1
A: Excuse me. Can I 1try these sunglasses on?
B: Sure, but be careful. Theyre very expensive.
A: Oh, no, these dont suit me. Ill leave it, thanks.
B: 2___ a minute. I think Ive got a better pair.
Conversation 2
A: What are you doing on your computer?
B: *NEPJOHNZQSPKFDU
A: Oh, sorry. I wont disturb you. 3___ with your work.
Wait a minute. Youre not working. Youve 4___ to
a chat website!
Conversation 3
A: You 5___ with your boyfriend really well, dont you?
Whats the secret?
B: We trust each other. I know I can 6___ him.
A: Is that all?
7

Write sentences with a similar meaning.


1 Ive never read such an amazing book.
(read/ever)
This is the most amazing book Ive ever read.
2 Is this your first time in London? (be/before?)
 )FBSSJWFEBGFXNJOVUFTBHP BSSJWFKVTU

4 I saw that film last year. (see/already)


5 Do you know what octopus tastes like?
(eat/ever?)
6 Ive no idea who that girl is. (meet/never)
7 Ive never played this game. (first time/ever/
play)
8 Ive still got homework to do. (not finish/yet)

Computer game
I dont like computer games. They are for
young people. The young people have quicker
fingers than me.

Complete the dialogue with the present


perfect simple or the past simple forms of th
verbs in brackets.

Read the situations and write two sentences


one with the present perfect simple and one
with the present perfect continuous. Use for
and since where necessary.
1 Ben is writing a novel. He started three days
ago and he is now on page two!
___ (he/write/three days)
___ (he/write/two pages so far)
 (FNNBJTUSBWFMMJOHSPVOE"VTUSBMJB4IF
began her trip two months ago.
___ (she/travel/round Australia/two months)
___ (she/visit/four different cities so far)

 (BSFUI0XFOJTBGPPUCBMMFS)FCFHBOQMBZJO
XIFOIFXBTOJOFZFBSTPME)FIBTKVTUXPO
Footballer of the Year for the third time.
___ (he/play football/the age of nine)
___ (he/win/Footballer of the Year three

Complete with words from the box.

Complete the facts with words for landscape


and the natural environment.

rBMCVNrCBOETrCFBUrDIBSUTrTJOHMF
rMFBETJOHFSrMZSJDTrUSBDLrWPJDF

Geography factfile
1 The deepest place in the Pacic Ocean is the
Mariana Trench.
2 The Angel Falls in Venezuela is the highest ___
in the world.
3 The ___ Nile in Egypt is 6,671 kilometres long.
4 The Atacama ___ in South America is the worlds
driest place.
5 Greenland is the biggest ___ in the world.
6 The huge Taiga ___ near the North Pole contains
one third of all the trees in the world.
7 A ___ is always under 600 metres high. If its
higher, its called a mountain.

One of my favourite rock 1bands is Flyleaf. The


2
___ is a girl called Lacy Mosley. Shes got a great
3
___. Their first 4___ was simply called Flyleaf. It
reached number 18 in the 5@@@JO.ZGBWPVSJUF
6
___ on it is called All Around Me. Its great for
dancing because its got a good 7___ and the 8___
are simple, but very powerful. I know all the words to
it. They later released it as a 9___.

Unit 5

8 ___ Baikal in Russia contains 20 per cent of the


worlds fresh water.

Lesson 5b

Complete the crossword.


Across
1 the earth shakes and moves
4 a snow storm
6 very strong winds and strong rain
8 a very big wave at sea
9 a lot of water on the ground

esson 5a
Match the prompts (16) to the endings (af).
Then write sentences with if, unless, provided
that or as long as.
1 f) Hell come with us to London provided that
his parents say yes.
I
2
3
4
5
6

He/come with us to London


Someone/fall over your bag
I/buy those trainers
I/help you with your homework
She/not be late for school
They/win the football match

a) they/play well (as long as)


b) you help me with mine (if)
c) there/be a lot of traffic (unless)
d) you/leave it by the door (if)
e) I/manage to save enough money (as long as)
f) his parents/say yes (provided that)

Down
2 a lot of snow coming down a mountain
3 not enough food for everyone
5 not enough rain for a long time
7 small pieces of ice from the sky
2
1 e a

t h q u a k e
3

f
5

4 b

d
6 h

h
8 t

Match the beginnings (16) to the endings


(af). Write the sentences in full with the
correct form of the verbs.

1 c) As soon as my computer is fixed, Ill do


some research online.
1 As soon as my computer (be) fixed
2 I think she (be) a millionaire
3 Until this blizzard (stop)
4 There (be) a big party
5 By the time Jake (arrive)
6 Simon (call) us
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

rDPNQBTTrNBUDIFTrQMBTUFST
rQBJOLJMMFSTrQFOLOJGFrSVDLTBDL
rTMFFQJOHCBHrTVOUBOMPUJPOrtentrUPSDI

1 We need to shelter from this rain. a tent


2 I havent a clue which way is north.
3 Have we got something to cut this apple
with?
4 Ouch! Ive cut my finger.
5 Watch out. Youre going to get sunburnt.
6 Lets light the fire.
7 Ive got a really bad headache.
8 We need something to carry all this stuff in.
9 How are we going to see in the dark?
 A*OFFETPNFUIJOHXBSNUPTMFFQJO

I (stay) at home by the fire.


it (be) too late to go out.
I (do) some research online.
when he (get) home.
before she (be) twenty-one.
after our exams (be) over.

Lesson 5c
Complete the sentences with in case or if.
1 Im going to pack some plasters in case I get a
blister from my new trainers.
2 I turn the light on and read ___ I cant sleep.
3 Dan is mad! Hes taking two mobile phones
with him ___ he loses one!
4 Tell me ___ youre bringing Josh to the party.
5 Set the alarm for seven oclock ___ you
oversleep.
6 The ice cream will melt ___ you leave it out on
the kitchen table.
7 Youd better take out insurance ___ you have
an accident while youre skiing.

Read what some people say on a camping


holiday. Choose what they need from the box

Unit 6
Lesson 6a

Replace the underlined phrases in the story


with a phrasal verb from the box in the corre
form. Which two phrasal verbs are not used?
1 ask her out

rask outrDBMMPOrDIFDLPVUrHFUPO
rHFUPWFSrHJWFCBDLrMPPLBGUFSrUVSOPGG

Liam met Catherine at a party. Catherine was


his friend Davids sister. Liam liked Catherine
and he wanted to 1invite her to go on a date,
but he was too nervous. Liam 2recovered from
his nervousness and the next weekend he
3
visited David. Catherine was there. He invited
her to the cinema, but she couldnt go becaus
she was 4taking care of her younger sister. Liam
was disappointed. On Saturday he went to
Davids house to 5return a CD. Catherine was
there again. She was watching television. Liam
suggested going bowling. Catherine 6switched
off the TV and they went to Super Lane
Bowling. Two years later they are still together

2a

Put the words in the correct order to make


questions in the second conditional.

Look at the jumbled conversation. Number the


lines in the correct order.

would live? were If where you rich, you

a) If I were you, Id buy her some flowers.

If you were rich, where would you live?

b) Nothing serious, but I want to apologise. What


do you think I should do?

you which superhero, were be? would

c) Yes, thats a good idea. Thanks.

a If you one

d) Im not sure. Flowers are a bit over the top.

Angelina Jolie, what If met you say?

e) What was the argument about?

would you

f ) Didnt she? Well, in that case I think you


should write an email or a letter.

one be? would had wish, If what it you


ZPVZPVEP XIBU*GXPVMEb  GPVOE

1 g) Hows Samantha?
h) Do you think so? OK, have you texted her?

Ask and answer the questions in pairs.

Lesson 6b

i ) Shes OK. But we had a big argument


yesterday.

K
 :FT *USJFEUIBU CVUTIFEJEOUSFQMZ

Complete the thought bubbles of teenagers at


a party.
I wish I was (be)
a bit taller.

I wish I ___ (not


have) red hair.

Lesson 6c

Complete the dialogue with the correct form


of the verbs in brackets.

If only we ___ (have)


some live music.

I wish he ___ (not


talk) so much.

If only I ___
(can) dance.

If only I ___
(not be) so shy.

Jay: What do you want 1to do (do)? Do you fancy


2
watching (watch) a DVD?
Kim: OK, if you promise 3___ (not choose) a horror
film. I try to avoid 4___ (watch) that sort of thing
before I go to bed.
Rob: I dont want 5___ (sit) in front of the TV. Id like
6
___ (carry on) 7___ (play) this game.
Jay: I think you should stop 8___ (play) now.
Rob: No, I refuse 9___ (give up) now. Im nearly at the
next level.
Kim: You seem ___ (spend) all day in front of your
computer!
Rob: All right. If I manage 11___ (reach) the next level,
Ill stop.
Kim: "OEUIFOZPVDBOFOKPZ12___ (watch) a silly film
with us.

Unit 7

Lesson 7c

Lesson 7a

Jack was interviewed for a job as a summer


camp assistant yesterday. Look at his notes.
Report his questions to the interviewer.

Complete the sentences with the correct for


of the verbs from the box.

rLFFQrNBLFrCF Y
rMPTFrUSVTU

1 He asked how many weeks the course ran.

1 I dont want to share a room with Paul. Im no


close friends with him.
2 I ___ my best friend, Joe. I can tell him anythi
and I know he wont repeat it.
3 Im sorry youre leaving. Please ___ in touch
with us all.
4 Im quite sad because I ___ friends with anyo
here yet.
5 When we moved house last year I ___ touch
with a lot of my old friends.
6 My older sister is great. She ___ always there
for me.

Students required as assistants


on a childrens Summer Camp

Unit 8
Lesson 7b

Lesson 8a

Complete the crossword with reporting verbs.


1 2

A
3

P
4

O
5

L
6

S


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Im really sorry Im late.


Yes, Id love to come.
This steak is terrible. Its raw.
Would you like a lift?
I didnt have my phone on me, you see.
Ill send you a postcard when I get there.
Lets go to the cinema.
Yes, Im afraid I used your phone without
asking.
9 Sorry, but Im not going to study all
weekend!

Change the underlined sentences into


statements with should have or shouldnt
have.

1 Were going to miss our flight. Why didnt we


catch an earlier train?
We should have caught an earlier train.
2 Its cheaper for students. We were silly not to
take our ID cards.
3 I dont understand why you were so rude to
your brother. It wasnt his fault.
4 Why didnt I buy that? It was a good price!
5 I cant believe you didnt bring a sweater.
Youre going to be really cold.
6 He should apologise. He ate all the cake.
7 Its a shame you didnt write his phone numb
more clearly. I cant read it.

Lesson 8b
You were on your way to return a friends
magazine when something happened. Look
at the picture and complete the conversation.
Use the words and phrases in the box below
to help you. Make sure you use the correct
form of the verbs.

Complete the story with the phrasal verbs


from the box.
rUISPXBXBZrQVUBXBZrHPBXBZ
rSVOBXBZrget awayrMPPLBXBZ

Claire was alone in her grandparents house with


the cat. The weather was stormy and the cat was
frightened. Claire picked it up, but it 1got away
from her and 2___. She followed it into the big, dark
library.
Thats strange, she thought. Im sure those
books and newspapers werent on the floor
earlier. She 3___ the books ___ on the shelf and
then 4___ the newspapers ___ in the wastepaper
bin.
Suddenly the door closed with a bang. She
heard a noise in the corridor.
Whos there? she shouted. Whoever you are,
please 5___.
The door started to open. Claire was so
frightened that she couldnt watch and she 6___.

rDSPTTrthe staterCVZrZPVSGBVMU
rTPSSZrNJOErGBMMPVUPGr0,
rSVOPWFS

riend: Look at 1the state of my magazine! Why are


there tyre marks on it?
ou: Im 2___! I 3___ the road when the magazine
4
___ my bag and then a car 5___ it.
riend: Never 6___! It wasnt 7___.
ou: Ill 8___ another one if you like.
riend: No, thats 9___.

I dont believe in ghosts, she said to herself.


When people die, they dont become ghosts.
At that moment, she felt something brush
against her leg. It was the cat!

Write sentences for each picture using must


be, might be, cant be and the prompts.
1

= almost sure it is
= almost sure it isnt
= possibly it is
1 a) (? surfboard/snowboard) b) ( skateboard)
It might be a surfboard or a snowboard. It cant
be a skateboard.
2 a) ( a mobile phone) b) ( MP3 player)

Lesson 8c

Unit 9

Lesson 9a

Write sentences with must have, cant have or


might have and the verb in brackets.
1 Jenny is over an hour late. She must have
missed (miss) her train.
:PVQBJEbGPSUIJTQIPOF *U@@@ DPTU
UIBU
much! They ___ (put) the wrong price on it.
3 No one is answering the door and the lights are
out. They ___ (go) out.
4 Im not sure where Nadia is now. She ___ (go)
shopping or she ___ (take) the dog for a walk.
5 He ___ (be) mad to enter the London Marathon.
He wasnt fit at all!
6 Marias ten minutes late. I dont know, but I
think she ___ (forget) about our date.
7 Harry ___ (watch) that football match. He was
at the cinema all evening!
8 He lost the game very easily. He ___ (practise)
very much.

Look at the photo and read the text about


David Blaine. Answer the questions using must
have, cant have, might have and the prompts.
 = almost sure its true
 = almost sure its not true
? = possible, but not sure

In New York in 2006, David


Blaine survived in a water
bubble for seven days
with the help of breathing
apparatus. After a week,
his aim was to remove
the breathing tube and
hold his breath to break
the world record of nine
minutes. He failed the very
last part and was rescued
after seven minutes.
1 How long did he train for the challenge?
( train/months )
He must have trained for months.
2 What did he eat? ( not eat any food)
3 Why did they rescue him? (? drown)
4 How did he look when he came out of the
bubble? ( not look very healthy)
5 How did the audience react? (some/? be a bit
disappointed)

Rewrite the news broadcast using the passiv


Use the underlined words and phrases as th
subject of each sentence.

Good evening. Here is the news. 1Reports of a


fire in an office building have just been received.

(PPEFWFOJOH)FSFJTUIFOFXT18FIBWFKVTU
received reports of a fire in an office building.
The fire started last night. 2It trapped some office
workers inside the building. 3Someone called the
fire department and soon 4the firefighters carried th
people to safety. 5The fire started because someon
had left an electric heater near a pile of papers.
6
People cause accidents because people dont thi
carefully, said the fire department. 7Luckily, this tim
the fire hurt no one.

Lesson 9b

Rewrite the paragraph using the passive.

A few weeks ago I read in the paper that 1teenag


boys and girls were being auditioned for

A few weeks ago, I read in the paper that 1they


were auditioning teenage boys and girls for
the next High School Musical film. When I
got to the audition which 2they were holding
JO.BODIFTUFS UIFSFXFSFPWFSQFPQMFUIFSF
The director said: Today 3we will give
all of you a chance to sing and dance. Then
4
we will choose six boys and six girls to come for
a final audition in London. I was one of those
lucky six boys. I thought: Im sure 5they wont
choose me for the main part, but I got the part.
"OEHVFTTXIBUmOFYUXFFL6theyre interviewing

Number the sentences in the correct order.

a) Sue: Two hours! Thats awful!


b) Tim: Because it means we wont get so much
homework at the weekend.

Complete the website comments with the


noun form of the adjective in brackets.

http://www.careeradvice.gov.uk

c) Jake: Right. Its really unfair.

1 d) Jake: (
 VFTTXIBU/FYUUFSNXFSFHPJOHUPHFU
two hours of homework every day.
e) Tim: Unfair. How can you say that? I think
its good.
f) Jake: OK. Youve got a point.
g) Sue: (PPE 8IZ

Lesson 9c

Complete each question with the appropriate


active and passive form of the verb.
1 Do you prefer telling people what to do or
being told what to do? (tell people what to do)
2 Is it better to love your friends or to be loved by
your friends? (love your friends)
3 Do you prefer ___ or ___? (give presents)
4 Which do you prefer, ___ or ___? (film with a
video camera)
5 Is it worse ___ or ___? (shout at a friend)
6 Which one is more unusual for you, ___ or ___?
(smile at a stranger)

Unit 10
Lesson 10a

Match a phrase in the first box (16) to a


phrase in the second box (af) and write third
conditional sentences.
1 c) If I had known the film was so bad, I
wouldnt have bought the DVD.

1 If I/know/the film was so bad


2 If I/invite/her to the party without her boyfriend
3 If you/tell/him how much it cost
4 If he/not learn/Spanish
5 If I/go out/last night
6 If/her camera/not be broken

a) he/have/a difficult time in Madrid.


b) he/not believe/you.
c) I/not buy/the DVD.
d) she/take/a photo of them.
e) she/not come.

Choose the correct verb to complete the


newspaper article.

Replace the phrases in brackets with a


phrasal verb from the box in the correct form

rXPSLPVUrQPJOUPVUrUVSOPVU
rUISPXPVUrsell outrGJOEPVU

Kind-hearted neighbour
A family have 1 inherited /invested/
won 20,000 from their eighty-year-old
neighbour, Mrs Trellis, who passed away
last week. The family had thought that Mrs
Trellis was poor as she had no relatives
and sometimes had to 2save/earn/borrow
money from them. It seems, however, that
Mrs Trellis had 3spent/afforded/owed all the
money she had 4invested/lent/saved during
her life on building up a valuable stamp
collection. The family inherited it and sold
it for 20,000. They have decided to 5pay
back/donate/splash out some of the money
to charity and to use the rest to 6repay/
owe/afford the money that they had 7made/
borrowed/lent from the bank last year to
build a new garage on their house.

Lesson 10b

Lesson 10c

Write sentences with wish or if only and the


past perfect using the cues in brackets.

Match 15 with a)e) and write third conditional


sentences with might have.

1 I didnt have my umbrella and it rained. (take)


I wish/If only Id taken my umbrella.

1 b) I might have passed if Id answered all the


questions.

 *XFOUUPUIFQBSUZ CVU*EJEOUFOKPZJU OPUHP

3 When I was on holiday, I put on five kilos! (not/


eat/so many chips)
4 My best friend moved to Australia and I miss
her. (my friend/stay in the UK)
5 Its a pity that only fifty people came to our
concert. (more people/come)

1 I (pass)
2 She (sing) in the concert
3 I (do) some work
4 She (not come)
5 You (not burn) the cake

a) you (not give) her a l


b) I (answer) all the que
c) you (check) the oven
d) she (not catch) a co

Unit 1

Unit 3

Lesson 1a

Lesson 3a

Clothes, styles, accessories and patterns


Clothes rCBTFCBMMDBQrCPPUTrDBSEJHBO
rDPBUrESFTTrIBUrIPPEJFrKBDLFU
rKFBOTrTBOEBMTrTIJSUrTIPFTrTIPSUT
rTLJSUrTPDLTrTXFBUFSrTXFBUTIJSU
r5TIJSUrUJHIUTrUPQrUSBJOFSTrUSPVTFST
Styles rCBHHZrDBTVBMrTMFFWFMFTT
rTNBSUrUJHIU
Accessories rCFMUrHMPWFTrQPDLFU
rTDBSGr[JQ
Patterns rDIFDLFErGMPXFSZrQBUUFSOFE
rQMBJOrTQPUUFErTUSJQFE

Lesson 1b
Jobs
rBDUPSrBSUJTUrCFBVUJDJBOrCVJMEFS
rDBSQFOUFSrDBTIJFSrDIFGrEFOUJTU
rEFUFDUJWFrEJSFDUPSrEPDUPSrFMFDUSJDJBO
rFOHJOFFSrGBSNFSrGJSFGJHIUFSrIBJSESFTTFS
rIPVTFXJGFrKPVSOBMJTUrNBOBHFS
rNFDIBOJDrNPEFMrNVTJDJBOrOVSTF
rQJMPUrQMVNCFSrQPMJDFPGGJDFSrQPMJUJDJBO
rSFDFQUJPOJTUrSFQPSUFSrTFDSFUBSZ
rTIPQBTTJTUBOUrTLJJOTUSVDUPSrUBYJESJWFS
rUFBDIFSr57QSFTFOUFSrWFU
rXBJUFSXBJUSFTT

Unit 2
Lesson 2c
Transport
rCJLFrCPBUrCVTrDBSrDBSBWBO
rDPBDIrGFSSZrIFMJDPQUFSrMPSSZ
rNJOJCVTrNPQFErNPUPSCJLFrQMBOF
rTDPPUFSrTIJQrUBYJrUSBJOrUSBN
rVOEFSHSPVOE UVCF
rWBO

108

Food and drink


FruitrBQQMFrCBOBOBrHSBQFrMFNPO
rNFMPOrPSBOHFrQFBDIrQFBS
rTUSBXCFSSZ
VegetablesrCFBOrDBSSPUrDVDVNCFS
rMFUUVDFrNVTISPPNrPOJPOrQFB
rQFQQFSrQPUBUPrUPNBUP
MeatrCFFGrDIJDLFOrMBNCrTUFBL
FishrQSBXOrTBMNPOrTBSEJOF
DairyrCVUUFSrDIFFTFrDSFBNrFHH
rNJMLrZPHIVSU
Drinks rBQQMFKVJDFrDPGGFFrDPMB
rEFDBGGFJOBUFEDPGGFFrGSVJUKVJDF
rIPUDIPDPMBUFrMFNPOBEFrNJOFSBMXBUFS
rPSBOHFKVJDFrUFB
Snacks rCBLFEQPUBUPrCJTDVJUrCVSHFS
rDBLFrDIJQTrDSJTQTrIPUEPHrQJ[[B
rTBOEXJDIrTPVQ
Restaurant foodrBQQMFQJFrDIFFTFDBLF
rEFTTFSUrGSVJUTBMBErHBSMJDCSFBE
rHSFFOTBMBErJDFDSFBNrMBTBHOF
rNBTIFEQPUBUPrSBWJPMJrTBMBE
rTQBHIFUUJ#PMPHOFTF
OtherrCSFBErIPOFZrOVUrPMJWF
rPMJWFPJMrQBTUBrSJDFrTBMUrTVHBS
rWJOFHBS

Unit 4
Lesson 4c
Musical instruments
rDFMMPrDMBSJOFUrESVNTrGMVUF
rHVJUBS BDPVTUJD MFBE CBTT
rLFZCPBSE
rQJBOPrTBYPQIPOFrUSVNQFUrWJPMJO

Unit 5
Lesson 5a
Landscape and environment
rCVTIrDMJGGrDPBTUrDPBTUMJOF
rEFTFSUrGPSFTUrIBSCPVSrIJMM
rJTMBOErMBLFrNPVOUBJOrPDFBO
rQBUIrSJWFSrSPDLrTFBrTUSFBN
rUSFFrWBMMFZrXBUFSGBMMrXPPE T


Unit 7
Lesson 7c
Relationship phrases
rIBWFBOBSHVNFOUXJUITPNFPOF
rHFUFOHBHFENBSSJFEUPTPNFPOF
rHFUEJWPSDFEGSPNTPNFPOF
rBTLTPNFPOFPVU
rCSFBLVQXJUITPNFPOF
rGBMMJOMPWFXJUITPNFPOF
rHFUPOXFMMXJUITPNFPOF
rHPPVUXJUITPNFPOF
rNBLFVQXJUITPNFPOF

Lesson 8c Exercise 6 Answer to puzzle:


He took off his clothes, put them in the plastic bag and tied it very tightly with the string. Then he tied the
bag to his head. He swam across the river. On the other side, he opened the bag and got dressed again.

109

Unit 4
4
04

Unit 1
1
03

Falling intonation in exclamations

Lesson 1a Exercise 8

a Listen and repeat.

Intonation in question tags

1 Wow! Thats amazing! 4 Thats a real shame.


2 Oh, no! Thats too bad. 5 You poor thing!
3 How brilliant!

a Listen and repeat.


A: Youre English, arent you? B: Yes, I am.
(The falling intonation means that you are sure of
the answer.)
A: You arent English, are you? B: No, Im not.
(The rising intonation means that you are not sure
of the answer.)

b Use the cues and react to the news. Then


listen and check.
1 Ive got a new TV in my bedroom. (lucky)
2 My grandmother has won a million pounds on
the lottery. (Wow!/fantastic)
3 The weather was really bad. (Oh, no./terrible)
4 Im sorry, I cant come to the party. (real
shame)

b Listen and say if the speaker is sure or not sure


of the answer.
1 Youre over sixteen, arent you?
2 Your mother isnt Italian, is she?
3 He goes to the same school as you, doesnt
he?
 4IFTHPUBOJDFKBDLFU IBTOUTIF 
5 They dont like skateboarding, do they?

c Now listen and repeat the sentences.

Unit 5
5
07

a Listen and repeat.


1 a pound, please lend me a pound, please
Could you lend me a pound, please?
2 phone me ask him to phone me Can you
ask him to phone me?
3 your bike could borrow your bike Do you
think I could borrow your bike?
 ZPVSKBDLFUwNPWJOHZPVSKBDLFUw8PVMEZPV
NJOENPWJOHZPVSKBDLFU

Lesson 2a Exercise 5

Intonation of Wh- questions

a Listen and repeat.


1 Where were you born?
2 When did you start?
3 What happened?

4 How long did you


stay?
5 Why did you stop?

b Read aloud, then listen and check if your

b Use the cues to ask questions in the past


tense. Then listen and check.
1 Where/you/go to school?
2 What time/it/start?
3 When/you/do your homework?
4 Who/he/have lunch with?
5 Why/they/leave so early?

Unit 3
3
02

Lesson 3a Exercise 2

intonation is the same as the speakers.


1 Do you think I could use your phone?
 %PZPVUIJOLZPVDPVMEIFMQNFXJUIUIJTKPC
3 Could I borrow your dictionary, please?
4 Would you mind turning the music down a bit?

Unit 6
6
07

Lesson 6c Exercise 6

Word stress in three- and four-syllable words

a Listen and repeat. Underline the stressed

Intonation in lists

syllable in each word.

a Listen and repeat. Try to copy the intonation.

1 solution 2 decision 3 explanation


4 development 5 disappointment
6 arrangement 7 difficulty

1
2
3
4

Weve got apples, oranges and pears.


Theres a kettle, a saucepan and a frying pan.
Sorry, no fast food, electricity or running water.
Im going to buy a CD, a book and a DVD.

b Answer the questions with the correct intonation.


1 What did you eat for breakfast today?
2 What are your three favourite sports?
3 Who are your three favourite film stars?

110

Lesson 5c Exercise 6

Rising intonation in polite requests

Unit 2
2
02

Lesson 4b Exercise 5

b Read aloud with the correct word stress in the


underlined words. Then listen and check.
1 Please write your corrections on your
homework.
2 The discovery of America was an important
event.
3 This exam tests your mathematical ability.
4 Computer games are great entertainment.
5 Playing tennis involves very good coordination.

Unit 9
9
03

Word stress in compound nouns


Listen to the compound nouns and repeat. Stress
the underlined syllables.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Unit 7
7
02

Lesson 9a Exercise 6

Lesson 7a Exercise 6

Sentence stress in reported speech

breakthrough
news reports
postman
newspaper
science fiction
gossip magazine
television programme
radio station

a Listen and repeat. Underline the stressed


syllables.
1 He asked me what I was doing.
2 She told him where shed been.
3 I said that wed leave soon.

b Read these sentences and underline the


stressed syllables. Then listen and check.
1 She said that shed seen it before.
2 I told him that we were going to play football.
3 David said that he couldnt help me.

Unit 8
8
05

Lesson 8b Exercise 6

Unit 10
10
07

Lesson 10c Exercise 5

Weak form: /v/ might have

a Listen and repeat.


might have would have should have may have
must have cant have

b Underline the weak forms in these sentences.


Then listen and repeat.
1 I wouldnt have recognised him.
2 He might have been ill.
3 She must have liked the film.
4 You might have hurt yourself.

Eliding consonants

a Listen and repeat.


1
2
3
4
5

That cant be a monster.


She wants a hot dog and a cold drink.
Its a great photo.
I dont know why.
She told Pete.

b Underline the sounds that will disappear


in these sentences. Then listen, check and
repeat.
1 I cant believe it.
2 Jade bought a meat pizza!
3 She could be the girl we saw last week.

111

Lesson 4d
Book reviews
WRITING TIPS
1 Divide your review into three paragraphs.
 8
 IFSFQPTTJCMF KPJOZPVSTFOUFODFTVTJOHSFMBUJWFQSPOPVOT
3 Use other linkers, too. See the list below.

Write a review of a book you have read


recently. Use relative pronouns, linkers
and the questions below to help you.

Paragraph 1: Introduce the book


r8IBUUZQFPGCPPLJTJU
r8IPXSPUFJU 8IFO
r8IFSFJTJUTFU 
r8IBUJTUIFCPPLBCPVU

Linkers of contrast and time


Contrast

r although r however

Paragraph 2: Describe the main


characters and events

Time

r at first r a few days/weeks/months/years later


r one day/morning/afternoon/evening

r8IPBSFUIFNBJODIBSBDUFST
r8IBUIBQQFOFE

Example review

Paragraph 3: Give your opinion

r8IBUEJEZPVUIJOLPGUIFCPPL

Read the example book review and rewrite it using relative


pronouns to join the parts in italics.

The Turn of the Screw is a ghost story by 1Henry James,


who was a famous American author.

THE

The Turn of the Screw is a


ghost story by 1Henry James.
Henry James was a famous
American author. He wrote
2the book in 1898. The book is
OF THE
set in England. It is about
3a young governess * . The
governess arrives at a big
house to teach two orphaned children and starts to see
ghosts in the house.
The main character is 4the governess. Her job is to
look after the children, Miles and Flora. At first she feels
comfortable with the children and 5the house. The house is
very old and beautiful. However, one night she hears the
sound of 6a footstep outside her door. This scares her. A short
while later, she thinks she sees an intruder **. When she
comes around 7the corner the intruder was standing at this
corner he has vanished. One evening, the ghosts of the old
valet *** and 8the old governess this governess once had her
job come to haunt her. She almost goes mad as she tries
to protect the children from 9the evil spirits. These spirits are
everywhere in the house.
I enjoyed the book very much, but its quite frightening.
10
Its that sort of book. It keeps you awake at night. I thought
about it for days afterwards.

TURN

SCREW

* governess: a female teacher in the past, who lived


with a rich family and taught their children at home

** intruder: someone who illegally enters a building


***valet: a male servant who looks after mens clothes

112

Lesson 4d
Book reviews
WRITING TIPS
1 Divide your review into three paragraphs.
 8
 IFSFQPTTJCMF KPJOZPVSTFOUFODFTVTJOHSFMBUJWFQSPOPVOT
3 Use other linkers, too. See the list below.

Write a review of a book you have read


recently. Use relative pronouns, linkers
and the questions below to help you.

Paragraph 1: Introduce the book


r 8IBUUZQFPGCPPLJTJU
r 8IPXSPUFJU 8IFO
r 8IFSFJTJUTFU
r 8IBUJTUIFCPPLBCPVU

Linkers of contrast and time


Contrast

r although r however

Paragraph 2: Describe the main


characters and events

Time

r at first r a few days/weeks/months/years later


r one day/morning/afternoon/evening

r 8IPBSFUIFNBJODIBSBDUFST
r 8IBUIBQQFOFE

Example review

Paragraph 3: Give your opinion

r 8IBUEJEZPVUIJOLPGUIFCPPL

Read the example book review and rewrite it using relative


pronouns to join the parts in italics.

The Turn of the Screw is a ghost story by 1Henry James,


who was a famous American author.

THE

The Turn of the Screw is a


ghost story by 1Henry James.
Henry James was a famous
American author. He wrote
2the book in 1898. The book is
OF THE
set in England. It is about
3a young governess * . The
governess arrives at a big
house to teach two orphaned children and starts to see
ghosts in the house.
The main character is 4the governess. Her job is to
look after the children, Miles and Flora. At first she feels
comfortable with the children and 5the house. The house is
very old and beautiful. However, one night she hears the
sound of 6a footstep outside her door. This scares her. A short
while later, she thinks she sees an intruder **. When she
comes around 7the corner the intruder was standing at this
corner he has vanished. One evening, the ghosts of the old
valet *** and 8the old governess this governess once had her
job come to haunt her. She almost goes mad as she tries
to protect the children from 9the evil spirits. These spirits are
everywhere in the house.
I enjoyed the book very much, but its quite frightening.
10
Its that sort of book. It keeps you awake at night. I thought
about it for days afterwards.

TURN

SCREW

* governess: a female teacher in the past, who lived


with a rich family and taught their children at home

** intruder: someone who illegally enters a building


***valet: a male servant who looks after mens clothes

112

Lesson 6b

Informal letters

1
2
3
4
5

WRITING TIPS (see the letter below)


1 Write your address [but not your name] in the top right-hand
corner.
2 Write the date beneath it.
3 Start your letter: Dear (Emma) using the first name of the
person you are writing to.
4 Divide your letter into three paragraphs.
5 Finish your letter: With best wishes, With love from

Now use the rest of the words from


the box to complete the expressions
below.

It was great to ___ from you.


Well, thats ___ for now.
Sorry I havent ___ sooner.
I hope to ___ you soon.
I must ___ now. Ive got to do some
homework.

Write the expressions from parts


a) and b) under the correct heading.
Starting a letter Finishing a letter
(Five expressions) (Six expressions)

Example letter

Thank you very


much for your letter.

1a

Complete the expressions in the letter with the words from


the box.

r TPPOrCFTUXJTIFTrTUPQrmuchrBSSJWFErBMM
r BHFTrIFBSrSFQMJFErTFFrMPWF

Write an informal letter to an


English-speaking friend who you
havent seen for some time. Your
friend is coming to visit you. Use the
letter guide below.
Greeting
Dear

Opening
g paragraph

r5IBOLZPVSGSJFOEGPSIJTIFSMFUUFS
LZPVSGSJFOEGPSIJTIF
r 4BZXIFOJUBSSJWFE
XIFOJUBSSJWFE

Middle pa
paragraph

much

r "EWJTFZP
EWJTFZPVSGSJFOEPOUIFCFTUXBZUP
get to your
yo house.
r 3FDPNNFOEUIBUIFTIFCSJOHTTPNF
outdoor
clothes and something smart.
ou
Explain why.
r .FOUJPOZPVSGBNJMZBOEBOZGSJFOET
you both know.

Closing paragraph
r 4BZZPVNVTUFOEUIFMFUUFS
Explain why.
r "TLIJNIFSUPHJWFZPVSCFTUXJTIFT
to his/her parents.
r 4BZXIFOZPVIPQFUPTFFIJNIFS

Ending
With

113

Lesson 8c
Stories (narratives)

WRITING TIPS
1
2
3
4

Divide your story into paragraphs.


Use the past simple and past continuous tenses.
Use time linkers to show the sequence of events.
For dramatic effect, use interesting linking adverbs and phrases of
manner and mood. See the lists below.

Invent a story about an unusual


crime which you witnessed.
Give the story a title. Use
linking adverbs and phrases like
the ones in Exercise 1. Use the
questions below to help you.

Paragraph 1: Set the scene

Time linkers, adverbs and adverb phrases


Time

r at first r then r later (on) r afterwards r after that


r not long after r soon r the next day r in the end r finally
r a few years/months/weeks/days/minutes/seconds later

Manner

r suddenly r immediately r quickly r quietly


r as quickly/quietly as possible r shaking with fear
r slowly r carefully r with (masks on their faces)
r without (stopping to think)

Mood

r to her horror r to her amazement

Comment

r luckily r unluckily r not surprisingly r strangely

r 8IBUIBQQFOFE
r )PXEJEZPVSFBDU
r 8IBUEJEZPVEP

Paragraph 3: Give the ending

Complete the example story with a word or phrase from the box above.

It was Saturday afternoon and eighteen-yearold Jennifer was in a good mood. She had
just passed her driving test that morning
and some friends were coming round in the
evening to watch some DVDs. Her parents were
out shopping and her only job was to do the
washing before they came back.
She was putting some clothes in the washing
machine in the basement when 1suddenly she
heard voices in the living room upstairs. 2___
she thought her parents must have left the TV
on. Then, a few seconds 3___ , she heard some
footsteps. Shaking 4___ Jennifer tiptoed back
upstairs and 5___ opened the living room door.
6___ horror, two men with masks on their faces
were trying to unscrew the TV from the wall.
7___ for her, they didnt see her and she left
the house 8___ possible. On her way out she
saw the burglars get-away car outside the
house.
9___ amazement, the car door was open and

114

Paragraph 2: Describe the event

r 8IBUXBTUIFSFTVMU
r )PXEJEZPVGFFM

Example story

r 8IFOEJEUIFJODJEFOUIBQQFO
r 8IFSFXFSFZPV
r 8IBUXFSFZPVEPJOHBUUIFUJNF
r )PXXFSFZPVGFFMJOH 8IZ

the engine was running. 10___ stopping to


think, she jumped in the car and drove off to
a friends house round the corner.
Not 11___, when the burglars saw that their
car had disappeared, they panicked and ran
off.
12___ for them, the TV was too heavy to carry,
so 13___ end they left it on the doorstep.
Jennifer was very relieved when her parents
14___ arrived home! The police caught the
burglars a few weeks 15___ when they were
trying to steal another car!

Lesson 8d

Formal letters of application

1 I look forward to meeting you.


2 I am very ___ in this kind of work.
3 Please let me ___ if you would like
some more information.
4 I am quite used to ___ with young
people.
5 I would be very ___ if you could
contact me on this number.

WRITING TIPS (see the letter below)


1 Write your address [but not your name] in the top right hand corner
and the date beneath it.
2 Write the name or position (e.g. Club Secretary) and address of the
person you are writing to above the greeting Dear
3 If you know the name of the person you are writing to, start with:
Dear Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms (Hudson) and end with Yours sincerely. If you
dont know the name, start with: Dear Sir/Madam and end with
Yours faithfully.
4 Start a new paragraph for each topic.
4 Sign the letter with your full name.

Now use the rest of the words


from the box to complete the
expressions below.

Write a letter of application for a


job. Use the advertisement and the
guide below.

Example letter

1a

Complete the expressions in the letter with the words from the box.

r BQQMJDBUJPOrJOUFSFTUFErapply forrmeetingrBEWFSUJTFE
r HSBUFGVMrXPSLFYQFSJFODFrLOPXrHPPEBUrXPSLJOH
r GPSXBSErJOUFSWJFX

Sundale Youth Centre are


looking for a voluntary Sports
Assistant aged 16+ to help run
our busy Youth Centre during
the summer holidays.
Write to Mr David Wilkins at
PO Box 251, Wiltshire SP4 2UQ

1
Greeting
g
Dear
2
Opening pa
paragraph
r4BZXIZZP
r4BZXIZZPVBSFXSJUJOH
r 4BZXIFSF
4BZXIFSFZPVIFBSEBCPVU
UIFKPC
UIF
3

apply for
4

Middle paragraph
r (JWFZPVSBHFBOETBZXIFSFZPV
come from.
r 4BZIPXHPPEZPVS&OHMJTIJT
r .FOUJPOBOZIPCCJFTPSTLJMMT
r .FOUJPOBOZQSFWJPVTFYQFSJFODF
r 4BZXIZZPVXPVMEMJLFUIFKPC

Closing paragraph
r 4BZXIFOZPVDPVMEDPNF
for interview.

Ending
Yours

115

Lesson 10a
Discursive essays

WRITING TIPS
1 Divide your essay into paragraphs.
2 To make your arguments clear, use linkers to make your points.
See the lists below.

1
2
3
4

Mixed linkers
Lists

r firstly r secondly

Addition

r in addition r whats more r furthermore


r not only ... (but also)

Contrast

r although r however r on the one/other hand

Example

r for example r such as

Opinion

r in my opinion r as far as Im concerned r I think/feel

Conclusion

r on balance r on the whole r to sum up r in conclusion

Example essay

Read the example essay and choose the correct linking word
or phrase.

Should older teenagers


be paid to go to school?
In the USA and the UK, people are discussing the idea that older
teenagers should be paid to go to school. 1 Although / However
this shocks many people, others think that it is a good idea.
There are several reasons why people are in favour of paying
teenagers to go to school. 2In conclusion / Firstly / Whats
more, it encourages teenagers to stay in education and get better
qualifications. 3Furthermore / On the whole / However, the extra
money that teenagers earn can be very useful to pay for necessities
4 in addition / in my opinion / such as travel, books and food.
5On

the other hand / On balance / To sum up many people feel


that paying older teenagers to learn is a bad idea. They say it is
expensive and the government cant afford the money.
6 I think / On the whole / In addition they argue that
it may encourage some students to stay at school
for the wrong reason, 7however / for example /
whats more because they want to earn the
money and not because they want to study.
8To

sum up / Furthermore / Firstly, there are


strong arguments for and against paying older
teenagers to study. 9On the other hand /
Such as / In my opinion it is a bad idea
because it encourages the wrong kind of
attitude to learning.

116

You are going to write an essay


arguing for and against the topic
Honesty is always the best policy.
First, match the paragraphs (14) to
the opening sentences (AD).
Introduction
For paragraph
Against paragraph
Conclusion

A If you always behave well, you will


always feel good about yourself.
B On balance I feel that honesty is
(not) always the best policy
because ...
C On the other hand, sometimes its
kind to tell a few little lies.
D It seems obvious at first that
honesty is always the best policy.

Look at the notes below and


list your main points for each
paragraph. Then write your essay.
Try to include linkers in your essay.
Paragraph 1: Introduction
r4
 UBSUXJUIBTUBUFNFOUBCPVUUIF
essay title.
r 4BZUIBUUIFSFBSFUXPTJEFTUP
the argument.

Paragraph 2: For paragraph


r 8SJUFBUPQJDTFOUFODFUPJOUSPEVDF
the points for the statement.
r (JWFUXPPSUISFFNBJOQPJOUT
r .BLFTVSFUIBUZPVJODMVEF
examples or explanations.

Paragraph 3: Against paragraph


r 8SJUFBUPQJDTFOUFODFUPJOUSPEVDF
the points against the statement.
r (JWFUXPPSUISFFNBJOQPJOUT
r .BLFTVSFUIBUZPVJODMVEF
examples or explanations.

Paragraph 4: Conclusion
r 8SJUFBTIPSUTVNNBSZ
r (JWFZPVSPQJOJPOBOEBSFBTPO

Unit 1
Lesson 1a
Clothes, styles,
accessories
and patterns
bandana
bangle
combat trousers
fleece
flip-flops
hairband
high heels
KVNQFS
leggings
suit
tie
tights
tracksuit bottoms
tracksuit top
changing room
concentrate
design
enterprising
extend
market
original
smart
stall
suit (v)
try on
wedding
weird
What are you
after?
something (plain)
Anyway
Hows it going?
every other
(Saturday)

Lesson 1b
accommodation
agency
bright
camera operator
the Caribbean
close-up
conditions
extra (n)
film (v)
flashy
mansion
the Med
present (adj)
showbiz
trick
photography

Lesson 1c
Adjectives to
describe work
badly-paid
boring
creative
dangerous

dull
educational
exciting
glamorous
interesting
rewarding
safe
stressful
tiring
well-paid
worthwhile
ambition
backpacking
better-qualified
choice
conduct
degree
freedom
frequently
full-time
graduate
recording studio
school-leaver
sound technician
straightaway
trouble
voluntary work
web-designing

Lesson 1d
adaptable
bargain
beanie
beyond sbs
budget
bothered
car boot
child labour
designer
developing
ensure
ethical
factor
Fairtrade
fashion item
fashionable
image
influence
look (n)
manufacture
media
mix and match
plant (v)
product
proper
realistic
recycled
reflect
renewable
shopper
source
stuff
suitability
tend to
unusual
wage

Unit 2
Lesson 2a
avoid
balance
bleeding
concern
enter
fancy
kneepad
pale
swerved
No problem
I bet youre
glad
get the hang of it
Id better get
going.
I could do with (a
coffee).

Lesson 2b
Phrasal verbs
with up
cheer up
give up
make up
pick up
stand up
take up
turn up
casually
checkout
head teacher
ring (v)
row
rub
sauce
stage
stain
tablecloth
tissue

Lesson 2c
Transport and
travel
change (buses/
trains/planes)
cycle
drive
fly
get a lift
get in/out of
(a car)
get on/off (a bus/
train/plane)
go by (car/bus/
train/plane/
boat/bike)
go on foot
ride (a bike/
motorbike)
sail
walk
apartment
board

celebrity
determined
donkey
Dutch
exhibition
high school
housing authority
lucky break
minor
the Netherlands
sacrifice
set off
support
Thai
USBGGJDKBN

Lesson 2d
achievement
advertisement
air show
altitude
ambitious
apply
circle (v)
expedition
glider
hero/es
launch
non-stop
solo
space
space station
tragically
vocation
wealth
wreckage

Unit 3
Lesson 3a
Food and
kitchen
equipment
bowl
can (tin) opener
cheese grater
chopping board
crockery
cup
cutlery
fork
frying pan
kettle
knife
peeler
plate
saucepan
saucer
scales
sieve
spoon
utensils
accepted
basic
book (v)
consist

experience
five-a-side
flour
hit show
open fire
participant
permanently
screening
tinned
tough
uninhabited

Lesson 3b
Part-time jobs
babysitting
cutting grass
delivering
newspapers
dog-walking
painting and
decorating
serving in a shop
stacking shelves
teaching
computer skills
waiting at tables
washing cars
broke (adj)
chill out
CV
deal with
earn
hand-out
neglect
pressure
qualifications
rely
sixth former
value

Lesson 3c
allowed to
come over
compartment
departure lounge
fasten
let
make (sb do sth)
seatbelt
sound

Lesson 3d
apply
armed
border
civil war
eldest
eventually
pay back
peaceful
pride
refugee
refugee camp
respect (v)
situation
trust (v)
visa

Unit 4
Lesson 4a
Phrasal verbs
with on
carry on
catch on
count on
get on
hold on
log on
switch on
try on
award
fold up
futurologist
inventor
Jupiter
plenty
predict
remarkable
tiny
workplace

Lesson 4b
amazing
cards
crash
darts
fair
fantastic
for ages
(PPEGPSZPV
graphics
install
instrument
lyrics
miserable
pity
shame (a real )
Well done!
that great
have a go
(be) up for it
dead easy
Hard luck.
Its my turn.

Lesson 4c
Words
connected
with music
album
backing singer
band
beat
charts
lead singer
lyrics
producer
rapper
single
song
songwriter
track
voice

117

dozen
driving test
fast lane
multi-millionaire
passion
podium
QSJWBUFKFU
professional
racing driver
solid

Lesson 4d
author
book review
child-like
creature
difficulty/ies
disease
energetic
evil
extract
fight (v)
forecast (v)
genetically
modified
gentle
insect
living conditions
low intelligence
machine
main character
mysteriously
notice
nuclear war
physically
predict
social
underground
violent
weak
weed

Unit 5
Lesson 5a
appalled
argument
as long as
benefit
community
disturb
expected
fuss over nothing
keen on
legal action
local council
prevent
provided that
reassure
resident
suffer

Lesson 5b
Extreme
weather
and natural
disasters
avalanche
blizzard
drought

118

earthquake
famine
flood
gale
hail (storm)
heatwave
hurricane/
cyclone
landslide
lightning
snow (storm)
storm
thunder (storm)
tornado
tsunami
volcanic eruption
alarm
cow
damage
early warning
system
elephant
emergency
get going
panic
power
reach
rescue worker
sound (v)

Lesson 5c
Camping
equipment
camping stove
compass
insect repellent
matches
painkillers
penknife
plasters
rucksack
sleeping bag
suntan lotion
tent
tin opener
torch
walking boots
anorak
refuse
rental shop
sales assistant
swimming trunks
towel
waterproof
(Ill) open it up
What are you
after?
Ive only got (a
fiver) on me.
How sad is that!

Lesson 5d
chunk
compact (adj)
connection
constant
continuous
cover (v)

downhill
float (v)
form (v)
fresh water
frozen
glacier
global warming
iceberg
land
NBKPS
melt
ocean liner
polar bear
radio operator
region
release (v)
rise
sea level
seal
snowfall
soil
worldwide
worm

Unit 6
Lesson 6a
Transitive
phrasal verbs
ask out
check out
find out
give back
pick up
put down
put on
switch on
switch off
take off
turn on
turn off
turn up
turn down
document
for free
government
intelligence
service
invisible
mend
rat
secret
split up
stay up

Lesson 6b
complicated
cute
drastic
grab
out of date
over the top
refund
sensible
voicemail
Thats all very
well.
See you in
Hands off!

Lesson 6c
Noun suffixes
-ion, -ment,
-ity and -y
able/ability
accurate/
accuracy
brave/bravery
coordinate/
coordination
correct/correction
decide/decision
difficult/difficulty
disappoint/
disappointment
discover/
discovery
entertain/
entertainment
excite/excitement
explain/
explanation
imagine/
imagination
improve/
improvement
move/movement
organise/
organisation
possible/
possibility
real/reality
similar/similarity
Verb with
infinitive
agree
decide
encourage
expect
forget
help
hope
manage
offer
plan
promise
refuse
seem
want
would like
Verb with
gerund
admit
avoid
cant stand
carry on
deny
FOKPZ
fancy
finish
give up
keep
look forward to
miss
not mind
practise
stop
suggest

collection
display
exhibit
instant
loaf
oven
pen friend

Lesson 6d
afford
atmosphere
available
blame
budget
charge
decorate
decorated (adj)
disappointed
elect
election
hire
hold (a party)
keep (= continue)
rubbish!
school hall
stand for
strike (v)
Student
President
venue
vote for
wicked (= great)

Unit 7
Lesson 7a
design (v)
get back
incoming
IT course
outgoing
right now
stock
take a call
through to
Thanks for
calling back.
Well,
quid
Actually,
let me guess

Lesson 7b
accept
aggressive
assertive
come round
communicate
complain
diplomatic
feed
HMBTTKVH
go clubbing
hope for the best
offend
stand up for
switch channels
takeaway

Lesson 7c
Relationship
words and
phrases
make friends
(with)
be close friends
(with)
be close to
be there for
trust
keep in touch
(with)
lose touch (with
although
despite
however
in spite of
on the other
hand
reader
recently
stressful

Lesson 7d
all in favour of
contact (n)
digital
exchange visit
keep an eye on
landline
lifeline
phone bill
photographic
record (n)
regularly
screen-free
survey
via
waste
webcam

Unit 8
Lesson 8a
ages
caretaker
character
cover
run out of
safely
spill
state
suntan oil
torn

Hang on.
That old (wreck)?
What a drag!

Lesson 8b
Phrasal verbs
with away
get away
get away with
give sth away
go away
look away
put sth away

run away
throw sth away
awful
downside
privacy
publicity
researcher

Lesson 8c
Crime
accuse sb of
arrest a criminal
arrest sb for
(bank) robber
break into a
building
burglar
burgle a house
catch a criminal
charge sb with
commit a crime
convict sb of
draw graffiti
go to prison
mug a person
mugger
pay a fine
pickpocket
rob a bank/
person
sentence sb to (a
period of time)
for (a crime)
shoplifter
steal some
money
suspect sb of
thief
vandal
vandalise
property
write graffiti
accomplice
case
conclude
death
fraud
go missing
hop off
life insurance
oxygen cylinder
proof
raft
release
reliable
rescuer
string

QSPKFDU
protect
staff
vaccination
volunteer
well (n)

Unit 9
Lesson 9a
The media
breaking news
headline
live report
news bulletin
news update
online
newspaper
the press
social media
breakthrough
collapse
constantly
dedicate
dramatically
expose
frequent
legend
messenger
physically
pigeon
relay
replace
source
telegraph
machine
transform
transmit
urgent
wire

Lesson 9b
apart from
bit (n)
compulsory
edit
film crew
fine (v)
litter
particularly
replace
roof tops
Whats going on?
that much
What more do
you want?
Dream on!

Lesson 8d

Lesson 9c

branch
dig
donation
emergency
in need
leading
medical
nutrition
persuade
poverty

Adjective
and noun
formation
angry/anger
beautiful/beauty
brave/bravery
confident/
confidence
courageous/
courage

cruel/cruelty
different/
difference
greedy/greed
high/height
hopeful/hope
lucky/luck
poor/poverty
proud/pride
stressful/stress
strong/strength
successful/
success
true/truth
wise/wisdom
young/youth
campaign
destroy
experiment
fur coat
online-bullying
priority
satisfying
selfish
victim

Lesson 9d
asbestos
breathe
demolish
dump
dust
face mask
get rid of
hesitate
impress
impression
in a good mood
look forward to
lung cancer
nasty stuff
skip (n)
toxic
work experience

Unit 10
Lesson 10a
Verbs
connected
with money
borrow (from)
(can) afford
donate (to)
earn
get into debt
give (away)
(go) bankrupt
inherit
invest (in)
lend
lose
make
owe (to)
pay
pay (sb) back
raise
repay

reward
save (up for)
spend (on)
astonishing
details
diamond
homeless beggar
honesty
KFXFMMFS
loose
online
fundraising
page
pavement
policy
reunite
spread
swap

host(ess)
How do you do?
hug (v/n)
kiss (v/n)
lively
on time
punctuality
shake hands
social
unlike
wrap (v)

Lesson 10b
Phrasal verbs
with out
eat out
find out
leave out
point out
sell out
throw out
turn out
work out
catastrophe
drive (sb) crazy
employ
essay
have a clue
homemade
order
profitable
recipe
regret (n)
toothpaste

Lesson 10c
application form
cheesecake
deserve
fail
grade
grant
hand-printed
retake

What are you up


to?
Thats such a
pain.
Tell me about it!
How about it?
Its on me.
Lead the way!

Lesson 10d
bouquet
cheek
clear up
close (adj)
consequently
custom
gift
greet

119

120

Infinitive

Past

Past participle

Infinitive

Past

Past participle

be
beat
become
begin
bend
break
bring
build
burn
buy
can
catch
choose
come
cost
cut
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
eat
fall
feel
fight
find
fly
forget
get
give
go
grow
hang
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
know
learn
leave
lend

was/were
beat
became
began
bent
broke
brought
built
burnt
bought
could
caught
chose
came
cost
cut
did
drew
dreamt
drank
drove
ate
fell
felt
fought
found
flew
forgot
got
gave
went
grew
hung/hanged
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knew
learnt
left
lent

been
beaten
become
begun
bent
broken
brought
built
burnt
bought
(been able)
caught
chosen
come
cost
cut
done
drawn
dreamt
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
felt
fought
found
flown
forgotten
got
given
gone/been
grown
hung/hanged
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
hurt
kept
known
learnt
left
lent

light
lose
make
mean
meet
must
oversleep
pay
put
read
ride
ring
run
say
see
sell
send
set off
shake
shine
show
shut
sing
sink
sit
sleep
smell
speak
spend
spread
stand
steal
sting
swim
take
teach
tear
tell
think
throw
understand
wake
wear
win
write

lit
lost
made
meant
met
had to
overslept
paid
put
read /red/
rode
rang
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set off
shook
shone
showed
shut
sang
sank
sat
slept
smelt
spoke
spent
spread
stood
stole
stung
swam
took
taught
tore
told
thought
threw
understood
woke
wore
won
wrote

lit
lost
made
meant
met
(had to)
overslept
paid
put
read /red/
ridden
rung
run
said
seen
sold
sent
set off
shaken
shone
shown
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slept
smelt
spoken
spent
spread
stood
stolen
stung
swum
taken
taught
torn
told
thought
thrown
understood
woken
worn
won
written

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