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10/2/2016

HowdoIreporta1waybetweensubjectsANOVAinAPAstyle?

HowdoIreporta1waybetweensubjectsANOVAinAPAstyle?
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Home>HowdoIreporta1waybetweensubjectsANOVAinAPAstyle?
Background|EnterData|AnalyzeData|InterpretData|ReportData
Threeorfourthingstoreport

Youwillbereportingthreeorfourthings,dependingonwhetheryoufindasignificantresultforyour1WayBetwee
SubjectsANOVA

1.Testtypeanduse

Youwanttotellyourreaderwhattypeofanalysisyouconducted.Thiswillhelpyourreadermakesenseofyour
results.Youalsowanttotellyourreaderwhythisparticularanalysiswasused.Whatdidyouranalysistestfor?

Example

Youcanreportdatafromyourownexperimentsbyusingthetemplatebelow.

AonewaybetweensubjectsANOVAwasconductedtocomparetheeffectof(IV)______________on
(DV)_______________in_________________,
__________________,and__________________conditions.

Ifwewerereportingdataforourexample,wemightwriteasentencelikethis.

AonewaybetweensubjectsANOVAwasconductedtocomparetheeffectofsugaronmemoryforwordsin
sugar,alittlesugarandnosugarconditions.

2.Significantdifferencesbetweenconditions

Youwanttotellyourreaderwhetherornottherewasasignificantdifferencebetweenconditionmeans.Youcan
reportdatafromyourownexperimentsbyusingthetemplatebelow.

Therewasasignificant(notasignificant)effectofIV____________onDV______________atthep<.05level
forthethreeconditions[F(___,___)=___,p=____].

JustfillintheblanksbyusingtheSPSSoutput

Letsfillinthevalues.Youarereportingthedegreesoffreedom(df),theFvalue(F)andtheSig.value(often
referredtoasthepvalue).

Oncetheblanksarefull

Youhaveasentencethatlooksveryscientificbutwasactuallyverysimpletoproduce.

Therewasasignificanteffectofamountofsugaronwordsrememberedatthep<.05levelforthethreeconditions
[F(2,12)=4.94,p=0.027].

3.Onlyifresultoftestwassignificant,reportresultsofposthoctests

Inthepreviouschapteroninterpretation,youlearnedthatthesignificancevaluegeneratedina1WayBetween
SubjectsANOVAdoesnttellyoueverything.Ifyoufindasignificanteffectusingthistypeoftest,youcanconclude
thatthereisasignificantdifferencebetweensomeoftheconditionsinyourexperiment.However,youwillnotknow
wherethiseffectexists.Thesignificantdifferencecouldbebetweenanyoralloftheconditionsinyourexperiment.
Inthepreviouschapter,youlearnedthattodeterminewheresignificanceexistsyouneedtoconductaposthoc
testtocompareeachconditionwithallotherconditions.IfyouhaveanIVwith3levels,liketheoneinthis

http://statisticshelpforstudents.com/How_do_I_report_a_1_way_between_subjects_ANOVA_in_APA_style.htm#.V_EbXfl97IU

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10/2/2016

HowdoIreporta1waybetweensubjectsANOVAinAPAstyle?

example,youwouldneedtoconductandreporttheresultsofaposthoctesttoreportwhichconditionsare
significantlydifferentfromwhichotherconditions.

Example

Becausewehavefoundastatisticallysignificantresultinthisexample,weneededtocomputeaposthoctest.We
selectedtheTukeyposthoctest.Thistestisdesignedtocompareeachofourconditionstoeveryotherconditions.
ThistestwillcomparetheSugarandNoSugarconditions.ItwillalsocomparetheAlittlesugarandNoSugar
conditions.ItwillalsocomparetheALittleSugarandSugarconditions.TheresultsoftheTukeyposthocmustbe
reportedifyoufindasignificanteffectforyouroverallANOVA.

YoucanusethefollowingtemplatetoreporttheresultsofyourTukeyposthoctest.Justfillinthemeansand
standarddeviationvaluesforeachcondition.TheyarelocatedinyourDescriptivesbox.

Ifyouusedthistemplatewithourexample,youwouldendupwithasentencethatlookssomethinglikethis.

PosthoccomparisonsusingtheTukeyHSDtestindicatedthatthemeanscoreforthesugarcondition(M=4.20,
SD=1.30)wassignificantlydifferentthanthenosugarcondition(M=2.20,SD=0.84).However,thealittlesugar
condition(M=3.60,SD=0.89)didnotsignificantlydifferfromthesugarandnosugarconditions.

4.Reportyourresultsinwordsthatpeoplecanunderstand

Sinceitmightbehardforsomeonetofigureoutwhatthatsentencemeansorhowitrelatestoyourexperiment,
youwanttobrieflyrecapinwordsthatpeoplecanunderstand.Trytoimaginetryingtoexplainyourresultsto
someonewhoisnotfamiliarwithscience.Inonesentence,explainyourresultsineasytounderstandlanguage.

Example

Youmightwritesomethinglikethisforourexample.

Takentogether,theseresultssuggestthathighlevelsofsugarreallydohaveaneffectonmemoryforwords.
Specifically,ourresultssuggestthatwhenhumansconsumehighlevelsofsugar,theyremembermorewords.
However,itshouldbenotedthatsugarlevelmustbehighinordertoseeaneffect.Mediumsugarlevelsdonot
appeartosignificantlyincreasewordmemory.

Thissentenceissomucheasiertounderstandthanthescientificonewithallofthenumbersinit.

Letsseehowthislooksalltogether

Whenyouputthethreemaincomponentstogether,resultslooksomethinglikethis.

AonewaybetweensubjectsANOVAwasconductedtocomparetheeffectofsugaronmemoryforwordsin
sugar,alittlesugarandnosugarconditions.Therewasasignificanteffectofamountofsugaronwords
rememberedatthep<.05levelforthethreeconditions[F(2,12)=4.94,p=0.027].Posthoccomparisonsusing
theTukeyHSDtestindicatedthatthemeanscoreforthesugarcondition(M=4.20,SD=1.30)wassignificantly
differentthanthenosugarcondition(M=2.20,SD=0.84).However,thealittlesugarcondition(M=3.60,SD=
0.89)didnotsignificantlydifferfromthesugarandnosugarconditions.Takentogether,theseresultssuggestthat
highlevelsofsugarreallydohaveaneffectonmemoryforwords.Specifically,ourresultssuggestthatwhen
humansconsumehighlevelsofsugar,theyremembermorewords.However,itshouldbenotedthatsugarlevel
mustbehighinordertoseeaneffect.Mediumsugarlevelsdonotappeartosignificantlyincreasewordmemory.

Looksprettycomplicatedbutitissimplewhenyouknowhowtowriteeachpart.

Background|EnterData|AnalyzeData|InterpretData|ReportData

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