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MCQ 2

1. A force F is applied to a freely moving object. At one instant of time, the


object has velocity v and acceleration a. Which quantities must be in the
same direction?
A
C

a and v only
v and F only

B
D

a and F only
v, F and a

2.
Two similar spheres, each of mass m and travelling with speed v, are
moving towards
each other. The spheres have a head- on elastic
collision. Which statement is correct?

3.

The spheres stick together on impact.

The total kinetic energy after impact is mv2.

The total kinetic energy before impact is zero.

The total momentum before impact is 2mv.

To get to his office from the entrance of the building, a man has to walk up
six flights of stairs. The height of each flight is 2.5 m and the man has a
mass of 80 kg. What is the approximate gain in the mans gravitational
potential energy during the climb?
A

4.

5.

2000 J

4800 J

12000 J

A submarine descends vertically at constant velocity. The three forces


acting on the submarine are viscous drag, upthrust and weight. Which
relationship between their magnitudes is correct?
A

weight <

drag

weight = drag

weight <

upthrust

weight > upthrust

To travel at a constant speed, a car engine provides 24 kW of useful power.


The driving force on the car is 600 N. At what speed does it travel?
A

6.

1200J

2.5ms-1

4.0 ms-1

25 ms-1

40 ms-1

A ball falls vertically and bounces on the ground. The following statements
are about the forces acting while the ball is in contact with the ground.
Which statement is correct?
A

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal to the
weight of the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal in
magnitude and opposite in direction to the force the ground exerts
on the ball.

The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always less than the
weight of the ball.

The weight of the ball is always equal in magnitude and opposite in


direction to the force that the ground exerts on the ball.

7.

An object, immersed in a liquid in a tank, experiences an upthrust. What is


the physical reason for this upthrust?
A

8.

The density of the liquid increases with depth.

The pressure in the liquid increases with depth.

The value of g in the liquid increases with depth.

The kinetic energy of a particle is increased by a factor of 4. By what


factor does its speed increase?
A

9.

10.

is zero

is constant but not zero

increases uniformly with respect to time.

is proportional to the displacement from a fixed point.

16

A molecule of mass m travelling horizontally with velocity u hits a vertical


wall at right angles to the wall. It then rebounds horizontally with the same
speed. What is its change in momentum.
zero

mu

- mu

- 2mu

A submarine carries a pressure meter so that the crew can work out how
far they are below the surface of the sea. At the surface, the meter
indicates a pressure of 100 kPa. The density of seawater is 1030 kgm -3.
What is the depth below the surface when the meter reads 450 kPa.
34.6 m
437 m

44.5 m

340 m

A motorist travelling at 10 ms-1 can bring his car to rest in a distance of 10


m. If he had been travelling at 30 ms -1, in what distance could he bring the
car to rest using the same braking force?
A

13.

A
12.

A mass accelerates uniformly when the resultant force acting on it

A
11.

The density of the body differs from that of the liquid.

17 m

30 m

52 m

What is the principle of conservation of momentum?

90 m

Force is equal to the rate of change of momentum.

Momentum is the product of mass and velocity.

C
The total momentum of a system remains constant provided no
external force acts on it.
D
14.

The total momentum of two bodies after collision is equal to their


toatal momentum before collision.

Water is pumped through a hose-pipe at a rate of 90 kg per minute. It


emerges from the hose-pipe horizontally with a speed of 20 ms -1. Which
force is required from a person holding the hose-pipe to prevent it moving
backwards?
A 30 N

15.

10800 N

v/4

v/2

5v/4

MP > M Q

B NP > NQ

C MPNP > MQNQ

MP/NP > MQ/NQ

0.38 s

1.4 s

2.5 s

2.9 s

0.50E

0.71E

0.87E

Two steel wires P and Q have lengths l and 2l respectively, and crosssectional areas A and A/2 respectively. Both wires obey Hookes law. What
is the ratio (tension in P)/(tension in Q) when both wires are stretched to
the same extension?
A

20.

A projectile is launched at 45 0 to the horizontal with initial kinetic energy


E. Assuming air resistance to be negligible, what will be the kinetic energy
of the projectile when it reaches its highest point?
A

19.

1800 N

A stone is dropped from the top of a tower of height 40 m. The stone falls
from rest and air resistance is negligible. What time is taken for the stone
to fall the last 10 m to the ground?
A

18.

Two solid substances P and Q have atoms of mass M P and MQ respectively.


They have NP and NQ atoms per unit volume. It is found by experiment that
the density of P is greater than that of Q. Which of the following
deductions from this experiment must be correct?
A

17.

270 N

Two railway trucks of masses m and 3m move towards each other in


opposite directions with speeds 2v and v respectively. These trucks collide
and stick together. What is the speed of the trucks after the collision?
A

16.

1/4

1/2

2/1

4/1

The Young modulus of steel is determined using a length of steel wire and
is found to have the value E. Another experiment is carried out using a

wire of the same steel, but of twice the length and half the diameter. What
value is obtained for the Young modulus in the second experiment?
A
21.

23.

200 kJ

300 kJ

325 kJ

density = mass volume

atmospheric pressure decreases with height

density increases with depth

2E

450 kJ

potential energy = mgh

A horizontal force of 90 N is used to push a box across a horizontal floor.


The frictional force on the box is 50 N. What is the gain in kinetic energy of
the box when it is moved through a distance of 6.0 m?
240 J

300 J

540 J

840 J

A cyclist is capable of generating an average power of 3.0 kW during a 4.0


km speed trial. His aerodynamic suit and position on the cycle reduce
resistive forces to 180 N. What is the approximate time achieved in the
speed trial?
A

25.

The formula for hydrostatic pressure is p = gh. Which equation , or


principle of physics, is used in the derivation of this formula?

A
24.

A car of mass 1000 kg first travels forwards at 25 ms -1 and then backwards


at 5 ms-1. What is the change in the kinetic energy of the car?
A

22.

140 s
2200 s

240 s

1300 s

What is the internal energy of an object?


A
It is the energy associated with the objects movement through
space.
B
It is the energy associated with the random movement of the
molecules in the object.
C
It is the energy due to the attractions between the molecules within
the object.
D
It is the sum of all the microscopic potential and kinetic energies of
the molecules.