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Exploration & Production

GENERAL SPECIFICATION
PIPELINES - RISERS
GS EP PLR 422

Welding of Duplex and Super duplex stainless steel


Pipelines & Risers

01

01/2011

Revised 9-2

00

10/2009

First issue

Rev.

Date

Owner: EP/TDO/TEC

Notes

Managing entity: EP/TDO/TEC/PLR

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

Contents
1. Scope ....................................................................................................................... 5
2. Reference documents ............................................................................................. 5
3. Definitions ................................................................................................................ 8
4. Quality Assurance and Quality Control................................................................. 9
5. Proposal submission file ........................................................................................ 9
6. Production fabrication and welding requirements ............................................. 10
6.1

General ............................................................................................................................10

6.2

Particular precaution ........................................................................................................10

6.3

Welding process ..............................................................................................................11

6.4

Backing gas protection ....................................................................................................12

6.5

Filler metal .......................................................................................................................13

7. Base materials ....................................................................................................... 14


8. Welding documents .............................................................................................. 14
8.1

Welding Book...................................................................................................................14

8.2

Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) .......................................................................14

9. Welding Procedure Qualification ......................................................................... 15


9.1

General ............................................................................................................................15

9.2

Essential variables ...........................................................................................................15

9.3

Testing of welded joints ...................................................................................................17

10. Welder performance qualification........................................................................ 22


11. Production welding ............................................................................................... 22
11.1

General ............................................................................................................................22

11.2

Fit up ................................................................................................................................23

11.3

Preheat ............................................................................................................................23

11.4

Interpass temperature......................................................................................................23

11.5

Heat input ........................................................................................................................23

11.6

Weld monitoring ...............................................................................................................23

11.7

Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT) ................................................................................24

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 422

Date: 01/2011
Rev: 01

12. Barges miscellaneous .......................................................................................... 24


12.1

Barge move-up / Pipe move-up .......................................................................................24

12.2

Working clearance ...........................................................................................................24

12.3

Branches..........................................................................................................................24

12.4

Inter-run cleaning / Grinding of welds ..............................................................................25

12.5

Proximity of welds ............................................................................................................25

12.6

Repair length and position ...............................................................................................25

13. Non-Destructive Examination (NDE) ................................................................... 25


13.1

NDE general requirements ..............................................................................................25

13.2

Personnel qualification.....................................................................................................25

13.3

Weld cut-out.....................................................................................................................26

13.4

Radiographic examination ...............................................................................................26

13.5

Ultrasonic examination ....................................................................................................27

13.6

Dye penetrant examination (DPE) ...................................................................................28

13.7

Ferrite content measurement...........................................................................................28

13.8

Inspection records ...........................................................................................................29

14. Acceptance criteria ............................................................................................... 29


14.1

General requirements ......................................................................................................29

14.2

Pipes ends .......................................................................................................................29

14.3

Weld preparation .............................................................................................................29

14.4

External profile .................................................................................................................29

14.5

Internal profile ..................................................................................................................30

14.6

Radiographic testing ........................................................................................................30

14.7

Ultrasonic Testing ............................................................................................................30

14.8

Flaw type and size ...........................................................................................................30

15. Repair and removal of defects ............................................................................. 31


15.1

General requirements ......................................................................................................31

15.2

Duplex and super duplex specific requirements ..............................................................31

15.3

Qualification of the weld repair procedures .....................................................................32

15.4

Preparation for re-welding ...............................................................................................33

15.5

Re-welding .......................................................................................................................33

15.6

Inspection of weld repairs ................................................................................................33

15.7

Record of repairs .............................................................................................................34

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 422

Date: 01/2011
Rev: 01

16. Pickling and passivation ...................................................................................... 34


17. Documentation ...................................................................................................... 34
17.1

Pipe and weld Log ...........................................................................................................34

17.2

Final dossier ....................................................................................................................35

17.3

Proposal submission file ..................................................................................................35

18. Other references ................................................................................................... 36


Appendix 1

Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests Specimens for main butt


weld - OD 41/2 ...............................................................................................37

Appendix 2

Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests Specimens for main butt


weld - 41/2 < OD 123/4 ................................................................................38

Appendix 3

Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests Specimens for main butt


weld - OD > 123/4.............................................................................................39

Appendix 4

Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests Specimens for 3 mm


ligament and partial repair weld .....................................................................40

Appendix 5

Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests Specimens for cap and


internal repair weld ..........................................................................................41

Appendix 6

Welding procedure qualification - Location of Vickers Hardness and ferrite


survey ................................................................................................................42

Appendix 7

Location of impact test specimen for procedure qualification of butt welds .......44

Appendix 8

Ultrasonic testing - Reference sensitivity block..................................................45

Appendix 9

Requested procedures and documentation for works .......................................46

Appendix 10

Reception site certificate (2 pages)....................................................................47

Appendix 11

Monitoring Check List ........................................................................................49

Appendix 12

Data Sheet .........................................................................................................50

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Exploration & Production


General Specification
GS EP PLR 422

Date: 01/2011
Rev: 01

1. Scope
This specification summarises basic requirements for fabrication, welding, inspection and
control of duplex (typically 22Cr - 05Ni) and super duplex (typically 25Cr - 07Ni) stainless
pipeline.
It applies to butt-welding (including ties-in), fillet welding and welding of lines pipes, bends,
flanges and other fittings.
Branches made of pipes directly welded to main pipeline are not used and shall be subject to
specific agreement of Company).
This specification is to be considered as a supplement to Pipeline standard (API RP 1104) and
respective associated standards.
This specification shall be used in conjunction with a Particular Project Specification (to be
made for purpose) detailing the additional tests and requirements or the possible modifications
to the present specification, based on the particular design conditions of the pipelines project.
This specification applies to all welding activities on pipeline including prefabrication, site and
field installation of lines pipes, fittings, flanges and other equipment installed in the pipeline
systems (valves, etc.).

2. Reference documents
The reference documents listed below form an integral part of this General Specification. Unless
otherwise stipulated, the applicable version of these documents, including relevant appendices
and supplements, is the latest revision published at the EFFECTIVE DATE of the CONTRACT.
The work shall satisfy the requirements of ASME B31.8, where applicable.
Should omissions or ambiguity or incorrect information exist, they shall be notified as soon as
possible by Contractor to Company. Company shall have the right of the final decision.
All codes, specifications, standards and other documents which are referenced in this
specification are listed hereafter.
The order of precedence of the applicable documents shall be:
The Contract
This Specification
The codes and standards in reference.
Unless otherwise specifically indicated in writing by Company, Contractor shall work in
accordance with the requirements specified herein and the applicable requirements of the latest
editions at date of contract award of the referenced Codes and Standards, whenever requested
in the present specification.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

Standards
Reference

Title

ASTM A 370: 2005

Mechanical testing of steel products

ASTM A 578

Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination


of Rolled Steel Plates for Special Applications

ASTM E 384

Standard Test Method for Micro Indentation Hardness of Materials

ASTM E 562: 2002

Standard Test Method for Determining Volume Fraction by


Systematic Manual point Count

ASTM E 709

Standard Guide for Magnetic Particle Testing

ASTM E 747: 1997

Standard practice for design, manufacture, and material grouping


classification of wire image quality indicators (IQI) used for
radiology

ASTM G 48

Test Method for Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Resistance of


Stainless Steel

EN 462-1

Non-destructive testing - Image quality of radiographs - Part 1:


Image quality indicators (wire type) - Determination of image
quality value

EN 462-5

Non-destructive testing - Image quality of radiographs - Part 5:


Image quality indicators (duplex wire type) - Determination of
image unsharpness value

EN 473

Non destructive testing - Qualification and certification of NDT


personnel - General principles

EN 584-1

Non-destructive testing - Industrial radiographic film - Part 1:


Classification of films system for industrial radiography

EN 10204 (2004)

Types of inspection documents

ISO 9001: 2000

Quality systems - Model for quality assurance in design,


development, production, installation and servicing

ISO 9002

Quality systems-Model for quality assurance in production,


installations and servicing

ISO 10005

Quality management - Guidelines for quality plans

ISO 17636

Non-destructive testing of welds - Radiographic testing of fusionwelded joints

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

Professional Documents
Reference

Title

API RP 1104: 19th Ed.


(1999)

Standard for Welding Pipelines and Related Facilities

ASNT SNT-TC-1A: 2001

American Society for Non-destructive Testing - Personnel


qualification and certification in non-destructive testing

AWS A5.01: 1993

Filler metal procurement guidelines

COFREND

Certification Scheme for Personnel

CSWIP

Confdration Franaise pour les essais non destructifs

SNT-TC-1A

American Society for Non-destructive Testing Recommended


Practice

Regulations
Reference

Title

Not applicable

Codes
Reference

Title

ASME B31.4

Liquid Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems

ASME B31.8

Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems

ASME II-C

Specifications for Welding Rods, Electrodes, and Filler MetalsNon-Interfiled

DNV-OS-F101

Submarine pipeline systems

Other documents
Reference

Title

Not applicable

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

Total General Specifications


Reference

Title

GS EP COR 560

Physical and chemical treatment of hydrostatic test water

GS EP PLR 242

Fabrication of duplex & superduplex stainless steel in seamless


pipes for pipelines in Sweet service

GS EP PVV 175

Cleaning of piping and vessels

3. Definitions
Company

Total or agents acting on its be half, shall be referred to herein as


the "Company".

Contractor

Shall be the company appointed by Company to carry out the work


but shall also include his sub-Contractors and Vendors.

Contract Documents

The material requisitions material specifications, etc. issued by the


Company and attached to the contract or the purchase order shall
be referred to herein as the "Contract Documents".

Work

Means all and any part of the obligations to be performed by


Contractor under the Contract Documents or purchase order and
contract amendments.

Site

This term designates the sites, workshops, worksites, barges, ship


or other locations where the prefabrication, welding and installation
of the pipeline is performed complete or in part.

Inspection Agency

An independent inspection body (other than any inspection


department of the Contractor or any Inspection Agency
subcontract by him), or its members, who shall be appointed by
Company and thus notified to Contractor.

Inspector

The Company's representatives or members from the Company's


elected Inspection Agency for the time being or from time to time
duly appointed in writing by the Company to act as its
representatives for the purpose of the contract shall be referred to
herein as the "Inspector".

Approval

Authorisation in writing given by Company to Contractor to


proceed with the performance of a specific part of the work without
releasing in any way Contractor from any of its obligations or
liabilities under the contract or at law; Approve, Approved and

PPS

Used to designate the Project Particular Specification.

Approval shall be constructed accordingly.


May

Used to indicate that a provision is optional.

Shall

Used to indicate that a provision is mandatory.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

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GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

Should

Used to indicate that a provision is not mandatory but is


recommended as good practice.

Duplex

Is the generic name about stainless steel based on 22% of


Chromium.

Super duplex

Is the generic name about stainless steel based on 25% of


Chromium.

4. Quality Assurance and Quality Control


The Contractor shall maintain an effective Quality System that complies with the requirements
of ISO 9002 and associated guides.
Responsibility for quality control shall be rest with the Contractor aided by such staff as may
require.
The Contractor shall work to a Company approved quality plan for the systematic control of the
construction, inspection and testing, as dictated by the overall contract quality programme.
Regarding inspection, the Quality Control Plan shall include:
A flow chart illustrating each inspection point and its relative location in the procedure
cycle, where conformance of characteristics is verified
The characteristics to be inspected at each inspection point, the procedures and
acceptance criteria to be used. The procedures shall be provided to the Company, as
requested
Copies of specific forms used by Contractor to record the results of each inspection.
The Contractor shall maintain quality records as documentary evidence of compliance with
quality requirements. Quality records shall be available to the Company for analysis and review.
All Contractor inspection system shall be subject to evaluation and checks by the Company to
ensure that the system is effectively applied and meets the requirements of this specification
and the Contract Documents.
The Contractor shall employ competent supervisors to ensure that both the standard of
workmanship and the quality of materials used comply with the requirements of this
specification.

5. Proposal submission file


Upon submission of his proposal Contractor shall provide Company with the following
information and documents as a minimum requirement:
The specification data for the equipment used in the production welding line:
- Layout and make up of the production welding line
- Maximum and minimum pipe lengths which are acceptable for welding with the welding
installation
- Welding set technical data for main line, double joints, etc.
- Technical characteristics of preheating and post-weld heat treatment equipment (where
applicable)

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 422

Date: 01/2011
Rev: 01

- Alignment clamp type and technical data


- Bevelling machine for main line, double joints, etc.
The proposed Welding Procedure Specifications for welds, with execution sequence of
the various passes in relation to the welding stations used
The welder qualification scheme
The procedures for non-destructive inspections together with data sheets on the
equipment used
Upon Contractor's judgement of what is pertinent, any other technical information
concerning the work to be carried out, such as previous references from similar work
performed successfully, welding procedure test certificates previously used in production,
etc.

6. Production fabrication and welding requirements


6.1 General
Manufacture shall not commence until the Company has reviewed and approved the
Contractors Quality Plan and the Manufacture and Inspection Procedure Specification. The
Manufacturing and Inspection Procedure Specification shall include all factors, which influence
the quality and reliability of the pipe line.
The Contractor shall transmit all fabrication procedures to the Company for review. A tentative
list of documents is defined in Appendix 9 of this specification.
Materials shall be, also, inspected after delivery on site. All damage shall be reported to the
Company representative.
Correlation between marking on materials and materials certificates shall be checked by the
Contractor, prior to fabrication commences.

6.2 Particular precaution


Contact between stainless steel and carbon steel is prohibited.
Contractor shall issue e specific monitoring procedure or the access of material to the shop floor
/ site dedicated to welding of stainless steel. This procedure shall receive Company approval
prior starting of fabrication.
The site, which shall be clean and free from oil and grease, shall be dedicated for fabrication of
stainless steel only. The site shall be sufficiently draught free to ensure adequate gas shielding.
A reception site certificate shall be filled-in before the start of fabrication and shall be
periodically reviewed to follow the fabrication quality. A form of document is proposed in
Appendix 10 of the present specification.
All the tools, except machining tools, shall not have been used on either carbon steel or any
other grade of stainless steel. The following precautions shall be implemented:
Grinding disks shall be free from iron and carbon
Brush shall be stainless steel

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Lines pipes; tees, fittings shall be cleaned internally and all foreign material shall be
removed by means of special tools
Earth connection of welding and cutting equipment shall be stainless steel
Cutting shall be carried out only by plasma or by mechanical sawing.
In case of condensation on materials, humidity shall be eliminated by using hot air blowers
and/or by controlled induction heating. To prevent any oxidation the use of air/gas torch is
prohibited.
Oil, moisture, rust, scale, paint or other foreign matter shall be removed from the weld surface
and at least 50 mm of adjacent base metal prior welding.
Contamination of surface, weld bevel and surrounding areas with low melting point metals such
as Copper, Zinc, etc., are not acceptable.
Inner and outer surface of weld preparation shall be thoroughly:
Cleaned by wire brushing using a stainless steel wire brush
Followed by de-greasing with solvent free from chloride and in accordance with local
health and safety regulations.
Paint and markers containing zinc or chloride are prohibited.
Stringer beads shall be used. Minor arc oscillation to ensure side-wall fusion is permitted.
Correction of deflexion by flame straightening is prohibited.
Grinding of all start/stop is required.
The bevels shall be prepared by machining, but a preparation by automatic plasma cutting is
acceptable. The heat-affected zone shall then be removed by grinding.

6.3 Welding process


Only the following welding processes are authorised:
Shield Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) for fillet weld only
Manual and automatic Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
Automatic Submerged Arc Welding (SAW).
Any other process that a Contractor would intend to use shall receive Company approval. This
approval would be based on the submission of a complete file detailing past experience and
quality achieved with the process.
Autogenous welding (e.g. welding without the addition of filler metal) is forbidden except tack
welding.
Whichever the welding process used for filling on no back welding sequence, the two first
passes shall be carried out using the GTAW process.
All manual GTAW shall use a high frequency start and a post-purge gas flow for the torch.
Whenever the welder stops welding, the welding current shall be gradually decreased by use of

Chloride content in machining oil shall be limited to 1.0 ppm.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 422

Date: 01/2011
Rev: 01

the remote current control. The torch shall be held in position close to the weld pool until the gas
shielding post-purge flow is completed to prevent oxidation.
Permanent backing material is not allowed.
For automatic welding process, the following shall be specified:
Amplitude of weave
Frequency of weave
Dwell time.

6.4 Backing gas protection


The back purge shall be made with argon or appropriate mixture approved by the Company
before starting qualification tests.
The oxygen level in the backing gas protection shall be less than 500 ppm.
Backing gas protection during qualification tests as well as during fabrication shall be
maintained until completion of the first three passes or a minimum of 5 mm of deposited weld
metal.
The oxygen level in the backing gas protection shall be checked and recorded during the
qualification tests until the end of weld performance.
Duration of backing gas application before welding shall be recorded during qualification time
and monitored during production.
During the fabrication, the oxygen level shall be checked until completion of the first three
passes or of 5 mm of deposited metal or the weld metal thickness recorded during qualification
test for which a backing gas protection was maintained.
In production, the oxygen level shall not be higher than the level obtained during the
qualification tests. The oxygen level, taken as a reference for the qualification and fabrication,
will be the oxygen level measured at the beginning of the qualification weld.
Internal checking point of oxygen level shall be located in the upper quadrant (12 o'clock
position) of the pipe, unless proved technically impossible.
Before starting production, the Contractor shall send relevant back purging and oxygen level
measurement methods for Company approval. These proposed methods could be continuous
or discontinuous with a minimum frequency to be agreed by Company.
The addition of hydrogen in shielding and backing gas is prohibited.
Gas bottles for duplex and super duplex stainless steel shall be clearly identified, and hoses
shall be checked to ensure that all connections are tight and there are no leaks.
Contractor shall obtain Manufacturer gas analysis certificate for each batch used for the job.
Requirements for gas supplying:
Purity of the single or composed gas > 99.999%
Dew point shall not be higher than 30C
Humidity < 40 ppm

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

Oxygen < 2 ppm


Hydrocarbon < 1 ppm.

6.5 Filler metal


6.5.1 General
1. Welding consumable shall be purchased from recognised well-known Manufacturers
2. All welding consumables shall conform to ASME/AWS, Section II, Part C, DNV or approved
equivalent standard.
3. SAW flux procurement, packing, storage and use shall comply with the requirements of the
relevant appendix attached to the present specification.
4. Each heat, lot (or so called batch herein) of consumables shall be supplied in 3.2
certification according to EN 10204 Std. Mill test certificates from consumables
Manufacturers showing test results actually obtained on the said lot shall be submitted to the
Inspector for approval. Mill certificates shall include the following minimum information:
Chemical composition
Mechanical properties
Granulometry and particle size distribution for flux.
The lot and the level of testing shall conform the following requirement as specified in
AWS A5.01: 1993:
Bare solid electrodes and rods: class S3
Flux for submerged arc welding: class F2.
The level of testing shall be as per AWS A5.01: 1993 - 6.5 - Schedule-I as a minimum.
Note: For SAW, re-cycling of flux is not permitted.
5. All welding consumables shall be supplied in sealed, dirt and moisture proof containers.
6. All welding consumables shall be, as a minimum, stored and handled in accordance with the
written Manufacturers recommendations. Contractor's procedure relative to storing,
handling, drying, recycling and traceability of consumables shall be approved by the
Inspector before starting production welding.
7. Each tin or packet of electrodes, or reel of filler wire and bag of flux shall be clearly marked
with the respective batch no. In the event of consumables being unmarked or showing signs
of deterioration or other damage, they shall be discarded.
8. Each batch of welding consumables shall be tested as for a PQR. Tests shall address the
weld metal only (Lot(s) tested during PQR shall be considered as tested).
No retests shall be permitted unless an explanation for the failure is accepted by the
Company.
9. The weld deposits obtained from these consumables shall satisfy the requirements of this
specification.
10. Super duplex consumables shall not be used for weld filling and capping on duplex base
metal.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
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Rev: 01

6.5.2 Consumables storage


Welding consumables shall be stored with care on a specific separate area, under dry
conditions in their original unopened packing. After opening of containers, storage and handling
of electrodes, fluxes and other welding materials shall be as specified in the Manufacturer's
recommendations.
Electrode, filler wire or fluxes that are damaged, damped, with grease or oxidised must not be
used.
Temperature and humidity shall be controlled and recorded on a daily basis in welding
consumable storage room.
Unopened containers shall be stored in a dry location where a temperature of 20C and
humidity of less than 40% are monitored.
Flux shall be stored in calibrated ovens at the temperature between 120C and 150C after
opening of the packing. Submerged arc flux shall not be recycled.
All welding consumable, which has been in direct contact with water, shall be definitively
rejected.
All in coming and outgoing consumables shall be recorded on specific data log on a daily basis.

7. Base materials
Pipes fittings supplied by Company are defined in Company General Specifications listed in 2
of this specification, and in relevant PPS.
Unless otherwise stated in PPS, pipes and fitting supplied by Company will be finished with
bevelled ends and with internal reinforcement of the longitudinal weld (if any) removed for a
minimum distance of 50 mm from the ends. If the Contractor elects to weld the pipes using a
bevel design different from the one supplied, then any cost in re-bevelling shall be for
Contractor account.

8. Welding documents
8.1 Welding Book
The welding book including repair procedures shall be submitted as soon as possible after the
award of work, prior to any fabrication or any parts of pipelines and sufficiently ahead before
welding activity takes place for Companys approval.
Only the WPS signed by Company shall be used for fabrication.
Welding procedure qualification record shall be a part of the welding book.
The welding book shall be re-issued to Company upon any new revision issuance.

8.2 Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS)


Applicable welding procedure specifications shall make reference to the relevant pipeline
reference and shall indicate the diameter and thickness range as appropriate.
A welding procedure is defined as the method and sequences to be adopted to achieve a
satisfactory welded joint when carried out by a competent workman under the expected
conditions of manufacture. All welding procedures submitted to the Company shall include the

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 422

Date: 01/2011
Rev: 01

actual welding details including all of the essential and non-essential variables and in particular
the weld preparation including dimensional and tolerances and the beads sequence.
In case of automatic or automatised processes, the oscillation width, dew time and frequency
shall be indicated.
The actual welding parameters shall remain within the qualified ranges (PQR).
Weld procedures shall mention the actual consumable or flux trade name and type as well as
the AWS designation and batch number.
The welding procedure shall be issued on API RP 1104 basis or equivalent.

9. Welding Procedure Qualification


9.1 General
All welding procedures shall be qualified in accordance with the requirements of API RP 1104,
the present General Specification and relevant PPS.
Existing welding qualifications shall not be accepted, and all welding procedures shall be
qualified for the present job unless previously agreed by Company.
All welding procedure qualification tests shall be conducted in the presence of the Inspector.
The Contractor shall notify the Company of the date and location of the welding procedure
qualification tests at least seven (7) working days before the start of the tests.
Disregarding the welding process or combination applied, a minimum of 3 consecutive welds
are required. Those tests welds shall be inspected with the same NDT methods as for WPQ
(see 9.3.1.1) without any rejectable indications.

9.2 Essential variables


The following additional changes in the qualified procedure shall also require re-qualification of
the procedure:
Any change in company which performed the qualification test or site where the
qualification test weld was produced.
For on-line barge welding (automatic welding), procedure approval test welds shall be
made on the pipelay barge. Each pass shall be deposited at the welding station intended
to be the normal location for it in production welding.
However, this requirement may be waived and qualification tests may be carried out under
simulated site conditions if the same equipment are used and if the specified welding
procedure is fully reproduced and representative of site work (removal of line-up clamp,
time lapse between passes, pipe movement, etc.) to the satisfaction of Company. This
shall be clarified by Contractor and agreed with Company at the bid stage.
Test welds shall be made between full pipe lengths. The use of less than full pipe lengths
requires the prior agreement of Company. Anyway, the minimum length of each pipe to be
used shall not be less than three (3) metres.

Any internal high-low exceeding 2.0 mm (refer to 8.1).

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Any change in impact test requirements (notch location in weld or test temperature).
However, for a stated energy absorption requirement at impact test, a lower test
temperature qualifies for a higher test temperature.

Any change in electrical source of supply, type of current or polarity.

Any change in welding heat input outside the one qualified is not permitted (Refer to 8.1
and 11.3 of this specification.)

Any change in pass distribution in the weld.

Welding process or any change / combination in welding process for any pass
Any change in polarity
Any change in type of current
The addition or deletion of pulsed current
Any change of welding parameters more than:
- 10% (I, U) in manual processes
- 5% (Heat Input) in automatic processes
- In pulsed current:
. 5% (I peak, I background, Heat input, U)
. 10% pulse Frequency and pulse duration for I peak, I background
Welding direction downhill to uphill and vice versa
Any change in electrode Run Of Length (ROL) or / and travel speed outside the qualified
range 10%
Batch of welding consumable (electrode, wire or flux) see also 6.5
Any change in welding position beyond the position range given below shall be requalified:
Pipe / fitting position
Test weld

Qualified

5G

Horizontal 15

2G

Vertical 15

Any other position (6G)

Qualified position 15

2G + 5G

Do not qualify 6G position

Any change in material source, supply condition or manufacturing route of pipe or fitting
A change from seamless to welded pipe and vice-versa
A change between rolled, forged or cast process

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Any change in wall thickness beyond the qualified ranges given below:
Test weld
thickness - mm

Qualified Thickness
range - mm

Qualified OD range mm

Butt welds

t<5
t>5

t to 1.25 t
0.75 t to 1.25 t

0.5D to 2D

Fillet welds

0.75 a to 1.25 a
& WT support pipe > 5 mm

N.A.

Where:
t = nominal wall thickness
a = theoretical weld throat dimension
D = Outside Diameter
The nominal wall thickness shall have the following meanings:
Butt joint: Thickness of the parent metal or, if different, thickness of the thinner material
Set-in branch connection: Thickness of main (header) pipe.
Any change in flow rate beyond 10%
Any increase of oxygen content in the effluent backing gas
Any decrease of backing gas purging duration before starting the welding
Any decrease of number of passes before backing gas flow is stopped
Any decrease of the preheat temperature
Any increase of maximum interpass temperature
Any inclusion or omission of PWHT, or any change in PWHT parameters
Any change in specification, grade, type, source of supply of pipe and fitting, all the weld
test coupons shall be taken from concerned job bulk
Welding procedure qualification with a duplex stainless steel base metal does not qualify
welding procedure on super duplex stainless steel and vice versa.
Remark: If any essential variable is exceeded its qualified range, during production welding
then, relevant weld shall be cut-out and base metal shall be re-bevelled.

9.3 Testing of welded joints


9.3.1 Butt welds
9.3.1.1 Non destructive tests
Prior to removal of tests specimens, all test welds shall be subject to NDT defined below. If post
weld heat treatment has been agreed, it shall be applied before NDT.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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The NDT shall consist of the following:


Visual examination
Liquid Penetrant Testing
X-ray radiographic testing
Ultrasonic testing
Ferrite content surface checking.
NDT shall be performed when tests welds are at ambient temperature by using same equipment
and procedure as foreseen for production.
The acceptance criteria shall be as stated in the present specification and relevant PPS.
The 3 consecutive welds performed shall all meet the required acceptance criteria.
Any individual failure will lead to restart the qualification session from the beginning.
NDT shall conform requirements indicated into 13.
9.3.1.2 Destructive tests
In addition to the requirements of API RP 1104, each Welding Procedure Qualification shall
include the tests detailed here below.
Location of specimens is defined in Appendix 1, Appendix 2 and Appendix 3.
Should any specimen / set fail then, retest shall be conducted by using twice the quantity of
specimen / set originally required.
If the result is acceptable on all test pieces from retesting, the relevant test weld is accepted.
Conversely if any additional test result fails, the test weld is considered as not acceptable.
Sufficient tests welds shall be made to extract all destructive test specimens required for
qualification testing.
9.3.1.2.1 Tensile tests
If the maximum operating temperature is above 50C, additional tensile tests shall be performed
at a maximum operating temperature and shall conform to the table section 5 Figure 2 of
DNV-OS-F101 and Appendix 12.
9.3.1.2.2 Guide bend test
Transverse bend test shall consist of two face bends and two root bends for wall thickness
< 10 mm, and four side bends for wall thickness > 10 mm. The jig diameter shall be four times
the wall thickness of the test plate. Acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with relevant
chapter of API RP 1104.
9.3.1.2.3 Impact test
Impact tests shall be carried out either at the temperature stated below (20C below the
minimum design and in no case less than -20C).
A set shall be of three Charpy-V specimens. All sets shall be, in the wall thickness, located as
defined in Appendix 7.

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The acceptance criteria for 10 x 10 mm specimens shall be as follow:


Alloy

Minimum individual value

Average value

LC65-22Cr DX

40 J

50 J

LC65-25Cr SDX

40 J

50 J

Subside specimens are only acceptable where full size specimens cannot be extracted. The
largest possible subside specimens shall be taken. Materials with a wall thickness equal or less
than 6 mm may not be impact tested.
Specimen (mm)

Multiplying factor

10 x 10

10 x 7.5

5/6

10 x 6.7

7/9

10 x 5

2/3

9.3.1.2.4 Metallographic examination


Four transverse macrographic examinations (magnification x 10 minimum) and four
micrographic examinations (magnification x 100 minimum) shall be carried out.
The microstructure of the weld shall be free from carbides, nitrides and intermetallic phases,
especially sigma phase (total maximum content of 0.05%).
9.3.1.2.5 Ferrite content
Ferrite content shall be measured on both tests welds and metallographic specimens.
1 - All qualification tests welds shall be measured.
Measurements shall be taken on both, weld metal caps and HAZ. Each measurement shall be
the average of three measurements.
The measurement shall be performed as follows:
12 locations around the pipe at 30 (one at 12 OClock position)
For each location, 3 measurements shall be taken on HAZ area and 3 measurements
shall be taken on weld metal area
For each area (weld metal (area 2) or HAZ (area 1)) on each location, the average of 3
measurements shall be done.
The measurements shall be made using the magnetic induction method. Portable device for
measurement (e.g. FISHER Feritscope MP30E) shall be approved by Company.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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2 - Measurements onto metallographic specimens shall be, in the wall thickness, located as
defined in Appendix 6.
A minimum of two measures shall be carried out on each measurement points.
Measurements shall include the weld metal and the heat affected zone.
Measurement by metallographic method used the point count technique in accordance with
ASTM E 562.
3 - The ferrite range, for both testing method, shall be within 35 to 65% for Duplex and Super
Duplex.
9.3.1.2.6 Hardness test on macrography
Vickers HV10 hardness test shall be carried out on hardness lines as defined in Appendix 6.
In the weld metal, a minimum of six measurement points are taken in the cap pass and a
minimum of three measurement points in the root pass. The measurement points shall be
equally spaced.
In the heat-affected zone, the measurement points are spaced at 0.5 mm intervals, beginning
on the fusion line.
In the base metal, three measurement points are taken at 1 mm intervals.
The maximum acceptable hardness value in the weld metal and in heat affected zone is:
Alloy

Hardness

Duplex

320 HV10

Super duplex

350 HV10

9.3.1.2.7 Pitting corrosion resistance


The corrosion test procedure shall conform to ASTM G 48 method A.
The procedure shall be submitted to the Company for approval.
The test specimen shall be machined perpendicular to the weld axis. The specimen dimensions
shall be full wall thickness by 10 mm along the weld and 50 mm across the weld.
The test shall expose the external and internal surface and a cross-section surface including the
weld zone in full wall thickness.
All surfaces, not subjected to the test, shall be electrolytically polished or be surface finished
with 600-grit abrasive paper.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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All the surfaces shall be degreased in acetone bath, cleaned by ultrasound, pickled (17%
HNO3 + 4% HF, 60C, 5 minutes) and rinsed in ethanol, dried and weighed.
The tests are performed as defined below:
Alloy

Temperature

Exposure time

Duplex

25C 1C

24 Hours

Super duplex

40C 1C

24 Hours

The acceptance criteria are:


No evidence of pitting, under visual examination with a magnification of x20
Weight loss shall be recorded; maximum weight loss is 4 g/m.
9.3.2 Fillet welded joints
Welds junction for anodes shall be carried out by the SMAW or GTAW welding process. A
minimum of two weld passes shall be deposited.
9.3.2.1 Non destructive
All fillet welds shall be fully visually and liquid penetrant tested. If the results shall be assessed
according to the appropriate acceptance criteria. The weld may be offered to destructive testing.
9.3.2.2 Destructive tests
Each test weld shall be subject to a minimum of four nick break tests, two macro examinations,
two ferrite counting and one Vickers micro hardness test as follows:
The Nick Break tests shall be conducted and assessed as per API RP 1104 requirements.
The macro examination shall be carried out using a lens of magnification of 10. The weld
shall show a profile, pass distribution and weld size as stated in WPS. The other
acceptance criteria shall be those of nick-Break tests above.
The Vickers micro hardness survey shall be carried out according to ASTM E 384 as
shown in Appendix 6 using 5 or 10 kg load. The maximum acceptable hardness value in
the weld metal and in heat affected zone is as below:
Alloy

Hardness

Duplex

320 HV10

Super duplex

350 HV10

Ferrite counting conditions and requirement is as per 9.3.1.


9.3.3 Electrical connecting welds
Electrical connecting weld as Thermit welding or pin brazing shall strictly forbid a weld junction
for anodes or other components. The weld profile shall be submitted to Company on the case
by case basis for approval.

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Rev: 01

10. Welder performance qualification


Welders and welding operators shall be qualified in accordance with API RP 1104 by a
recognised Inspection Authority
All welders and welding operators shall be qualified for all welding positions in which they will
undertake production work. Position 6G or 2G and 5G will qualify all positions.
Welders and welding operators shall be qualified on the same P number material as for the
work to be done.
Existing qualifications are not acceptable to the Company. Welders and welding operators shall
be re-qualified for the job.
Welder qualification for welded branch connections or for welds of special configurations shall
include special requirements and testing as directed by the Inspection Agency. Only welders
qualified for groove welds in the 6G (inclined, fixed) position may be submitted to particular
qualification for welded branch connections.
Welders and welding operators shall only be qualified if they successfully pass visual,
radiographic and mechanical examinations.
The Contractor and the Inspection Agency shall jointly sign a record of the results of each test
weld. The record shall indicate the symbol or number given to each welder for identification of
his work.
Welders and welding operators are subject to re-qualification when the quality of their work,
during fabrication, appears to be repeatedly below the requirements of this specification.
Each qualified welder and welding operator shall be assigned an identification number, letter or
symbol as follows:
For each weld, the welder symbol shall be provided, except for filets joints. For this
purpose, on completion of the weld, the welder shall stamp his identification symbol on
two diametrically opposite zones besides the weld with a low stress stamp or by painting.
In any case, these marks shall be used for the traceability of welders
If the welder performs only the filling passes, such zones shall be close to the ones
marked by the welder who performed the root pass.

11. Production welding


11.1 General
Anything which results in the weld metal or HAZ being overheated or heated for prolonged
periods, e.g. the welder pausing or weaving, slow welding speed, welding without continuous
filler addition, excessive slope up/downtime for craters elimination, excessive inter pass
temperature, will affect and reduce corrosion properties and shall be avoid.
Before welding, bevels and adjacent inner and outer surfaces and TIG wires shall be cleaned
with acetone and fluffiness fabric.
The oxidised end of partly used filler wire shall be removed prior to re-use.
Stringer beads with maximum width of three times the core diameter shall be used.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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11.2 Fit up
Company preferred method for fit-up is external or internal clamp.
When used of clamp is not possible, tack welding may be carried out with controlled backing
gas protection. Tack welding procedure shall be submitted to Company for approval prior to any
work commences.
Tack welds shall be done with qualified procedure and by qualified welder.
When filler metal is not used, tack welds shall not be melted in the root pass but shall be
completely eliminated by grinding before root pass is completed.

11.3 Preheat
Preheat is not required, however, the pipe wall temperature shall be such that the pipe is free
from condensation. Ambient temperature shall not be less than 20C.

11.4 Interpass temperature


Maximum interpass temperature as recorded on the PQR shall be considered as an essential
variable. In no case shall the interpass temperature be greater that 150C for Duplex and 100C
for Super Duplex. Temperature measured shall be carried out at each welding restart.
The interpass temperature shall be monitored to confirm compliance with the limit established
by the PQR.

11.5 Heat input


Welding shall be performed at low heat input within the range of 0.5 to 1.8 kj/mm. For the root
pass, the heat input shall be higher than for second pass.
For the 10 first production welds, welding parameters shall be recorded and then, shall be
monitored for the others. Records shall be submitted to Companys Inspector for review.

11.6 Weld monitoring


A Quality Control from Contractor shall monitor the welding of duplex and super duplex
materials in accordance with minimum following items, but not limited to:
Degreasing of the weld preparation and adjacent base metal shall be properly monitored.
For the first production weld of each welder, welding parameters of root, hot and filling
passes shall be monitored and recorded.
Every five prefabrication production weld of each welder shall be 100% monitored and
recorded. Welding parameters of root, hot and filling passes shall be properly monitored
and recorded.
For each installation weld welding parameters of root, hot and filling passes shall be
monitored and recorded off all materials.
Reference shall be made to the relevant weld procedure; typical weld monitoring checklist
is in Appendix 11.
Measuring equipment used for weld monitoring shall have valid calibrated certificate.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

Monitoring checklist shall be used to record the welding parameters; it is mandatory that
actual values be recorded.
Whilst the monitoring of welding is being carried out particular attention must be paid to:
- The cleanliness of weld preparation and consumables
- the content of oxygen back purge, All pass temperatures measured by Digital Contact
Thermometer with close monitoring of root and hot passes
- Actual recorded heat input values
- Run-out-lengths.
All completed weld monitoring check lists (see Appendix 11) shall be issued to the
Contractor welding department for Company review.
Welders found to be working outside of the welding procedure parameters or unable to
maintain the required heat input values shall be immediately replaced. Immediate
corrective action shall be taken and Company shall be informed.

11.7 Post Weld Heat Treatment (PWHT)


PWHT is not required.

12. Barges miscellaneous


12.1 Barge move-up / Pipe move-up
Barge move-up, or pipe move-up in double jointing station, shall not occur until the first three
passes or of 5 mm of deposited metal is complete.
In any case, the pipes on both sides of the joint shall be raised or lowered until one third (1/3) of
the weld filling and with a minimum of 5 mm of deposited metal have been completed all around
the pipe circumference. Unless the Contractor can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the
Company that the smaller weld thickness is adequate to resist to deformation and cracking but
not less of 5 mm of deposited metal.

12.2 Working clearance


The working clearance shall be such as to afford the welder maximum comfort during welding. A
clearance of 400 mm shall be a minimum.

12.3 Branches
Unless otherwise approved by Company, only forged fitting i.e. forged or pressed tees, etc. shall
be used for branches and other containing attachments. To simplify welding into the line, a
pup piece shall be welded to the fitting. Its length shall be sufficient to accommodate the lineup clamp to be used.
Where Company permits branches directly welded to main pipe, the welding procedure
qualification tests and production NDT shall be submitted to Company for approval prior to any
work commences.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

12.4 Inter-run cleaning / Grinding of welds


Grinding or brushing to remove all welding slag and matter shall be carried out on each weld
pass prior to welding successive passes.

12.5 Proximity of welds


Adjacent girth welds shall be separated by a minimum of 2 meters.
Adjacent girth welds with branches, fittings and attachments shall be located away from other
welds on the pipeline seaton. The minimum separation shall be the greater of:
A diameter branch/fitting
Six times wall thickness of thickest component
150 mm.

12.6 Repair length and position


For lay barge welding, the limits on size and location of proposed weld repair excavations at
each proposed repair location past the first tensioner shall be submitted to Company for
approval, supported with calculations and appropriate diagrams (Refer to Barges miscellaneous
paragraph of the present specification).

13. Non-Destructive Examination (NDE)


13.1 NDE general requirements
The frequency of NDE is specified under separate paragraph hereunder of this specification.
Each joint shall be thoroughly cleaned with all slag, spatter, etc removed prior to weld
examination. Any bonding media, or any ink or dyes used for crack detection, shall be removed.
All completed girth welds shall be examined visually prior to, being examined by radiography.
Ultrasonic and liquid penetrant inspection equipment shall be available on site to supplement
radiography on any area nominated by the Company.
All NDT procedures shall be submitted to Company approval and shall be qualified on the
welding procedure qualification tests.
NDE shall be carried out in accordance with methods as described in the applicable Code
(DNV-OS-F101). Written procedures shall be submitted to the Company for review before the
start of fabrication.

13.2 Personnel qualification


Personnel performing non-destructive testing other than visual shall be qualified in accordance
with EN 473. The equivalency must be documented. Only individuals qualified NDE Level II may
perform NDE. All NDT operators / technicians shall have had at least two years experience on
pipeline working in NDT grade qualified, refer to 4.
The qualifications of each member of the NDT team shall be subject to approval of Company.

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13.3 Weld cut-out


If the Company detects a weld being made outside the qualified procedure, the weld metal and
Heat Affected Zone shall be removed and re-welded. The Contractor may attempt to guard
against this eventuality by qualifying welding procedures at the extreme parameters which the
welders / operators or Contractor may consider using.

13.4 Radiographic examination


1. Contractor shall supply all labour and materials necessary to perform 100% radiography on
all girth welds. Each radiograph shall cover the entire weld. All radiographic techniques,
quality of film and standards of acceptance shall comply with the requirements
DNV-OS-F101 - ISO 17636 Class B and this specification. Any weld which in Company
opinion is not satisfactory as indicated by the radiography shall be repaired or cut-out and
re-welded at the Contractors expense.
2. Radiography shall be by means of X-rays only, unless otherwise approved by Company.
Tie-in welds inspection can be by means of Y-rays and ultrasonic inspection subject to
approval of Company.
3. Penetration of X and Y-rays in duplex and super duplex materials is lower than in carbon
steel. Practicability of RT examination shall thus be questioned for thickness above 35 mm.
4. Radiographic procedures shall be qualified using both source and film side penetrameters
as agreed by Company. This applies for all Single Wall - Single Image techniques.
5. The radiographic procedure qualification shall be repeated at the discretion of the Company
whenever any change is made to the operating techniques, or whenever production films
differ appreciably from the detail, contrast, or density of the qualifying radiographs.
6. On lay barge work, no weld shall be moved past the repair station until the radiograph is
complete and the weld is judged satisfactory.
7. Unless otherwise approved by Company coating and wrapping of the joint shall not begin
until the weld is judged satisfactory.
8. Radiographic film shall be fine grain or ultra fine grain high contrast, direct type, e.g. KODAK
INDUSTREX MX or AGFA Grade 7, or Company approved equivalent.
9. Intensifying screens of the lead type shall be used for welder and welding procedure
qualifications. However, Company may consider the use of fluorometallic screens for
pipelaying where the required sensitivity is met and if the Contractor agrees to replace them
as soon as the Company considers they are in need of replacement.
Salt screens shall not be used.
10. Only wire type Image Quality Indicators (IQI), type single or duplex wire according to
EN 462-5 shall be used. The sensitivity across the weld, using a source side penetrameter,
shall be demonstrated as required by the code. IQI.'s shall be placed so that each film has
at least two. When a complete girth is radiographed in a single exposure, four shall be
placed 90 apart.
11. Exposure shall be such that density through the weld is between 2.0 and 3.5.
12. Viewing conditions and facilities shall be such that film densities up to 4.0 can be viewed
and interpreted. A densitometer (with valid calibration) shall be available on site at all times.
13. Final interpretation shall be with the film dry.

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Rev: 01

14. Processing: All radiographic film shall be dried thoroughly prior to viewing and shall be
processed to allow storage of the film without deterioration for at least 10 years. All films
shall be refixed onshore to achieve the specified minimum archival life (unless the
Contractor can demonstrate by routine residual thiosulphate testing offshore that the original
fixing and washing was sufficient to guarantee the specified life).
15. As a minimum, the film identification shall include:
Project Identification (as previously agreed with Company)
Line Size
Joint Number
Date (Day, Month, Year)
Radiographic Position.
The zero datum shall be located at the 12 oclock position. The number tape direction shall
be clockwise when looking in the direction of flow. Defect location shall be metric. Each
radiograph shall have reference markers at 100 mm intervals.
16. All films shall be protected in individual plastic bags (with silicagel cristals) and stored in
aluminium boxes closed with tight fit lids before delivery to the Company. All film boxes shall
be individually numbered and indexed (arrangement of films to be stated) on their top.
17. Radiographic practice shall comply with the relevant safety codes and radiation acts and
attention is drawn to the necessity for audible and visual warning arrangements and for
regular monitoring or radiation levels.
18. Prior to any radiographic test is performed on fabrication / installation, specific qualification
shall be carried out for X-ray and Y-ray. These qualification tests shall be includes the whole
process system, but not limited.

13.5 Ultrasonic examination


13.5.1 Pipe ends testing
The Company will require ultrasonic examination of the following areas:
Following field cut back of pipe exceeding 100 mm, a zone extending 100 mm back from
the new field bevel shall be ultrasonically tested for laminations
A zone of 100 mm wide around planned cut-outs for nozzle, branches, etc.
To verify minimum wall thickness after grinding
To verify weld defects not fully defined by radiography.
Ultrasonic procedures where required shall be submitted to Company for approval prior to use.
Automatic ultrasonic examination is not permitted unless approved by the Company.
13.5.2 UT in addition to X-Ray
All butt and all full penetration welds can be UT examined for defect positioning if necessary
and all tie-in.

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The probes shall include normal compression wave and 45 degrees, 60 degrees and 70
degrees shear wave angle probes, single and twin crystals 4-5 MHz.
A specific reference sensitivity block shall be used. This block shall contain a weld
representative of those to be examined (as shown in Figures in Appendix 8 of the present
specification).

13.6 Dye penetrant examination (DPE)


The following welds shall be 100% inspected by DPE (chloride free):
All repair weld excavations
All welds to fittings
All fillet welds and incomplete penetration welds
Pipe re-bevelling
Finished weld bevel following field cut back of pipe.
When DPE is applied, no cracks or crack like defects are permitted. Any indications revealed by
DPE shall be investigated and removed by grinding or pipe re-cutting, as necessary.
Contractor shall supply a DPE procedure for review and approval by Company.
Company reserves the right to test proposed DPE procedure prior to acceptance.
DPE operators will be qualified in accordance with CSWIP or approved Company equivalent.

13.7 Ferrite content measurement


Ferrite content shall be measured on a 20% random sampling of all production weld.
Measurements shall be taken on both, weld metal caps and HAZ. Each measurement shall be
the average of three measurements.
The measurement shall be performed as follows:
3 locations around the pipe at 120 (one at 12 OClock position)
For each location, 3 measurements shall be taken on HAZ area and 3 measurements
shall be taken on weld metal area
For each area (weld metal (area 2) or HAZ (area 1)) on each location, the average of 3
measurements shall be done.
The measurements shall be made using the magnetic induction method. Portable device for
measurement (e.g. FISHER Feritscope MP30E) shall be approved by Company.
The average values obtained shall be within the Ferrite content range of 35 to 65%.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Rev: 01

13.8 Inspection records


All radiographs and ultrasonic examination records shall be suitably stored in fireproof cabinets
by Contractor for a period of 10 years and shall be handed over to Company at their request.

14. Acceptance criteria


14.1 General requirements
The following acceptance criteria shall apply to the visual and non-destructive inspections
(radiography, etc.) for welding procedure qualification tests, welder qualification tests and
production welds, as applicable.
In case of dispute, Company interpretation shall prevail.
Acceptance criteria based on Engineering Critical Assessment (DNV-OS-F101 Appendix A) are
not applicable.

14.2 Pipes ends


Ultrasonic examination within pipe end shall be carried out according to DNV-OS-F101
Appendix D - Table D12. Any discontinuity (e.g. lamination) causing a reflection echo exceeding
50% and accompanied by a 50% loss of back reflection shall be considered as rejected when
the discontinuity area exceeds 100 mm2.
Ultrasonic examination procedure shall be as per DNV-OS-F101 Appendix D - H700, or
equivalent.

14.3 Weld preparation


In areas of weld preparation such as pipe ends, fusion faces and branches, planar defects are
not acceptable whatever their sizes.

14.4 External profile


The standards of acceptance applicable to the type and size of defects detected shall be as
defined in DNV-OS-F101 Appendix D - Table D4 unless otherwise modified by the following:
Weld reinforcement shall be uniform and not less than 0.50 mm no more than 0.2 t, but
max 3 mm in height. It shall merge smoothly with the parent metal and shall extend
beyond the original weld preparation by not more than 2.5 mm.
Welding procedure qualification shall integrate root and cap profiles acceptance criteria for
the complete weld.

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14.5 Internal profile


The standards of acceptance applicable to the type and size of defects detected shall be as
defined in DNV-OS-F101 Appendix D - Table D4 unless otherwise modified by the following:
The weld shall fuse the pipe at the root without protruding excessively into the bore of the
pipe. The maximum permissible penetration of the root bead into the bore of the pipe shall
be 0.2 t, but max 3 mm, although an occasional local slight excess of penetration is
allowable 25 mm max.
Root concavity is not permitted and not less than the specified wall pipe thickness.
The root bead or any concavity shall merge smoothly into the adjacent surfaces.

14.6 Radiographic testing


The standards of acceptance applicable to the type and size of defects detected shall be as
defined in DNV-OS-F101 Appendix D - Table D5 unless otherwise modified by the following:
Acceptance criteria of 14.8 is also satisfied
Porosity, is less than 0.25 t but 2 mm max
Scattered, cluster, wormhole, hollow bead is not permitted
Slag isolated, singles lines or parallel lines is less than 1.5 mm width and 2 t but 25 mm
length max.

14.7 Ultrasonic Testing


The standards of acceptance applicable to the type and size of defects detected shall be as
defined in DNV-OS-F101 Appendix D - Table D6 unless otherwise modified by the following:
Acceptance criteria of 14.8 is also satisfied
Indication above the reference level (DAC) is not permitted
Indication less than reference level (from DAC to 20% DAC), the maximum permitted
length is 12.5 mm.

14.8 Flaw type and size


The standards of acceptance applicable to the type and size (applicable for above 14.6 & 14.7
of defects detected shall be as defined in DNV-OS-F101 Appendix D - Tables D5 & D6 unless
otherwise modified by the following:
Acceptance criteria of 14.3, 14.4 and 14.5 are also satisfied
High/low on root side shall be less than 0,1 t but 1.3 mm max
Length of undercut or shrinkage groove shall not exceed 25 mm in any continuous weld
length of 100 mm depth shall not exceed 0.4 mm
Tungsten inclusions, cracks, arc burns, start/stop craters and/or poor restart, surface
porosity are not permitted
Arc strikes are not permitted outside the weld bead
Lack of penetration / lack of fusion in surfaces (root, hot & cap) areas are not permitted

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Date: 01/2011
Rev: 01

Embedded lack of fusion shall not exceed t, but max 25 mm


Permitted accumulated length in any 300 mm length is t/2 but max 8 mm for surface
indication and 2% in case of embedded indications.

15. Repair and removal of defects


15.1 General requirements
The Contractor shall submit for Company approval and prior to qualification, a details scope of
the weld repair procedures to be used. This shall include:
Repair procedure by means of light grinding
Repair procedure by means of excavating weld and base material, and welding.
Each of these procedures shall give information on:
The method of removing defects
The preparation and inspection of the area to be repaired
The welding procedures for shallow defect, full penetration repair (with restriction to 3 mm
remaining ligament) and for cap repair
This must include the preheat temperature.
Complete removal of a weld involves cutting out a section of pipe containing the weld.
Weld repairs to pipe or fitting body are not permitted. Weld repairs to bevel are subject to
special approval of Inspector.
For lay barge welding, the limits on size and location of proposed weld repair excavations at
each proposed repair location past the first tensionner shall be submitted to Company for
approval, supported with calculations and appropriate diagrams (paragraph 12).

15.2 Duplex and super duplex specific requirements


Open root repairs are forbidden. The minimum remaining ligament (distance between the inner
surface and the bottom of excavation) shall be 3 mm.
Re-repair in the same area is forbidden.
Cap repair could be qualified by partial repair procedure but the converse is not acceptable for
wall thickness less than 12 mm. In case of a WT is greater than 12 mm, a mid thickness repair
qualification is required.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Date: 01/2011

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Rev: 01

In all cases, a full weld penetration repairs shall be qualified with a 3 mm ligament.
WT 12 mm

WT 12 mm

Required

Required

Not required

Required

Required

Required

Through Thickness Repair

Not permitted

Not permitted

All types of re-repair

Not permitted

Not permitted

In process root / hot pass repair


(burn through)

Not permitted

Not permitted

Repair qualification type


Cap repair
Mid Thickness repair
Partial Repair (3 mm ligament)

Repair excavation shall be subject to dye penetrant (chloride free) examination. Further dye
penetration examination acceptance, weld preparation shall be cleaned of ant substance.
The back side gas protection requirements shall be the same as for the main welding procedure
for all thickness ligaments thinner than 5 mm.
The maximum length of a single repair section or a total repair length shall not exceed 30% the
total weld length.

15.3 Qualification of the weld repair procedures


15.3.1 General requirements
Qualification of the weld repair procedures shall be carried out at the same time as the welding
qualification tests procedures. Repair procedure qualification tests shall include the following,
unless Company approves a different repair scheme:
Execution of a full penetration weld rep air, with restriction to the remaining ligament
Execution of a mid-thickness groove centred on the initial weld Fusion Line at partial
thickness and then, re-welding (partial weld repair)
Execution of a simulated repair of an undercut by grinding and depositing a single bead
and a two beads, for cap repair
Execution of a simulated repair at root by internal welding using a single pass (internal
repair), only if so previously agreed.
15.3.2 Required tests
The repair weld rings shall be subject to full visual and non-destructive testing according to 13
of this specification.
The destructive tests are as follows:
For 3 mm ligament and partial weld repair, destructive tests shall adhere to Figures A
to E of Appendix 6 of the present specification:
- One macro-section with hardness survey and ferrite test
- One micro-section

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

- One tensile test


- Four bends tests (2 roots and 2 faces or 4 sides) in full pipe thickness specimens
- One corrosion test
- Charpy test specimens shall be located at 2 mm max. from pipe surface at weld cap
and:
. 1 set with the notch centred on the weld metal axis
. 1 set on both sides of weld repair with the notch located at 2 mm from fusion line.
For cap weld and internal repairs, destructive tests shall adhere to Figures A to E of
Appendix 6 of the present specification:
- One macro-section with hardness survey and ferrite test
- One micro-section
- Four bends tests (2 roots and 2 faces or 4 sides) in full pipe thickness specimens.

15.4 Preparation for re-welding


Defects shall only be removed by chipping, grinding or machining. Arc-air gouging is forbidden.
The removed portions shall be sufficiently deep and long to remove the defect. At the end and
sides of the cavity, there shall be gradual taper from the bottom of the groove to the surface of
the weld metal. The width and profile of the cavity shall be such as adequate access for rewelding is met.
When defect is located close to the weld root, (ligament shall be 3 mm at the minimum) the weld
shall be cut out
The repair excavation shall be checked by DPE to ensure complete removal of the defect.
Weld found with cracks shall be repaired by complete removal of the weld. Base metal of both
components shall be investigated to confirm absence of cracks.

15.5 Re-welding
The weld repair shall be carried out in accordance with the approved repair welding procedure
(see above) and only after qualification have been approved by Company.
The pre-heat and post-heat treatment (if applicable) shall be applied to the whole girth weld.
Reference is made to relevant paragraph of this specification.

15.6 Inspection of weld repairs


The system for reporting the defects shall be such that they can be quickly identified and
accurately located.
All weld repairs shall be re-inspected using the same inspection requirements as for the original
weld.
If defects have not been removed or new defects have been added as a result of a repair
attempt, a further repair is not permitted.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification
GS EP PLR 422

Date: 01/2011
Rev: 01

15.7 Record of repairs


The Contractor shall maintain a full record of all the repairs. The record shall be made as each
defect is discovered, and shall include the following:
The weld number
The type and size of defect
The circumferential location (defined to an approved system)
An estimate of the depth (assessed by ultrasonic test where possible)
Where possible, the name of the welder who produced the defect
Repair welding procedure number
Name of repair welder
Copy of the inspection report for the repair
Date of repair.

16. Pickling and passivation


Any ground surface, external weld surface and adjacent base metal shall be pickled and
passivated after grinding or welding, according to a procedure submitted to Company for
approval.
In case of oxidation of the inner surface (for example: root pass made by SMAW or SAW
process), internal pickling and passivation should be required by Company. GS EP PVV 175
shall be applicable for internal pickling and passivation.

17. Documentation
17.1 Pipe and weld Log
Contractor shall draw up the welding log and shall update it as the work progresses.
The log shall include, but not restricted to, the following information:
The pipe number, origin, steel grade, nominal diameter and nominal thickness of each
pipe, flange or fitting in its order of installation
The actual length of each pipe laid/welded
The date of welding for each weld was made
The number of each weld
The welder/operator(s) code built up each weld
The location of each weld with respect to the pipeline kilometric point or with respect to
one end of the pipeline, as appropriate
The location of obstacles, accessories, anode rings, potential test points, etc. and their
location with respect to neighbouring welds

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

The information pertaining to weld inspections carried out (results, defects found, repairs,
etc.)
The cut off lengths.
The log shall be available to Company representative at any times for verification and be issued
to Company upon pipeline welding completion and prior to any pre-commissioning activity.

17.2 Final dossier


Upon completion of the fabrication and/or installation work Contractor shall provide Company
with a final dossier including as a minimum the following documents, but not limited to:
The laying sheet with Kp, weld number and any appurtenance
Welding log
Requested procedures and documentation (prefabrication, construction, technical
notes)
Reception site certificate
The Welding Procedure Specifications (WPS) for welds and repair welds
The Welding Procedure Qualification Test Records (WPQR) for welds and repair welds
The welder and welding operator qualification certificates
The radiographic, ultrasonic and Dye penetrant inspection procedure specifications
The NDT operator qualification certificates and associated lists
The technical data sheets-type of welding consumables (coated electrodes, wire, fluxes)
and the Mill certificates and Contractor tests per batch; the procedure for use and
conditioning of welding consumables
The non-destructive inspection reports
Recorded checks of welding parameters
Pickling and passivation reports
Non conformance reports (if any) with supported documentation and list
The present specification.
The Particular Project Specification shall state the number of originals and copies of the Final
Dossier, which are to be issued to the Company.

17.3 Proposal submission file


Upon submission of his proposal Contractor shall provide Company with the following
information and documents as a minimum requirement:
The specification data for the equipment used in the production welding line:
- Layout and make up of the production welding line
- Maximum and minimum pipe lengths which are acceptable for welding with the welding
installation

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01

- Welding set technical data for main line, double joints, etc.
- Technical characteristics of preheating and post-weld heat treatment equipment (where
applicable)
- Alignment clamp type and technical data
- Bevelling machine for main line, double joints, etc.
The proposed Welding Procedure Specifications for welds, with execution sequence of
the various passes in relation to the welding stations used
The welder qualification scheme
The procedures for non-destructive inspections together with data sheets on the
equipment used
Upon Contractor's judgement of what is pertinent, any other technical information
concerning the work to be carried out, such as previous references from similar work
performed successfully, welding procedure test certificates previously used in production,
etc.

18. Other references


Following documents are applicable:
Standards: ASTM A 370: 2005, ASTM A 578, ASTM E 709,
EN 462-1, EN 584-1, ISO 9001: 2000 and ISO 10005

ASTM E 747:

1997,

Professional Documents: ASNT SNT-TC-1A: 2001, COFREND and SNT-TC-1A


Codes: ASME B31.4
Total General Specifications: GS EP COR 560 and GS EP PLR 242.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 1

Appendix 1 Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests


Specimens for main butt weld - OD 41/2

TOP OF PIPE
Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test
Tensile
Root bend test

Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test

Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test
Charpy tets Weld Metal
Charpy test Fusion Line
Charpy test Fusion Line +2mm
Charpy test Fusion Line +5mm

Tensile
Root bend test
Corrosion test

OD < 4 1/2

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 2

Appendix 2 Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests


Specimens for main butt weld - 41/2 < OD 123/4

TOP OF PIPE

AWM Tensile
OD > 200mm

Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test
Charpy test Weld Metal
Charpy test Fusion Line +2mm
Charpy test Fusion Line +5mm
Tensile

Face bend
Root bend test

Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test

Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test
Charpy tests (Root)
Charpy tets Weld Metal
Charpy test Fusion Line
Charpy test Fusion Line +2mm
Charpy test Fusion Line +5mm

Tensile

Face bend
Root bend test
Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test
Corrosion test

AWM Tensile
OD > 200mm

4 < OD < 12 3/4

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 3

Appendix 3 Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests


Specimens for main butt weld - OD > 123/4

TOP OF PIPE
Tensile
Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test
Charpy test Weld Metal
Charpy test Fusion Line
Charpy test Fusion Line +2mm
Charpy test Fusion Line +5mm
AWM Tensile
Two Side Bends

Two Side Bends

Tensile
Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test

45

Tensile
Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test
Charpy test Weld Metal
Charpy tests (Root)
Charpy test Weld Metal
Charpy test Fusion Line
Charpy test Fusion Line +2mm
Charpy test Fusion Line +5mm

45

Two Side Bends

Two Side Bends


AWM Tensile
Tensile
Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test
Corrosion test

OD > 12 3/4

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 4

Appendix 4 Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests


Specimens for 3 mm ligament and partial repair weld

Tensile tests

45

Charpy tests Weld Metal


Charpy test Fusion Line
Charpy test Fusion line +2mm at
both sides of weld
Charpy test Fusion line +5mm at
both sides of weld
Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test

45

2 Side bends tests


2 Side bends tests
AWM tensile
OD > 200mm
Corrosion test

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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Exploration & Production


General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 5

Appendix 5 Welding procedure qualification - Location of Tests


Specimens for cap and internal repair weld

2 Side bend tests

1 Side bend test

45

45

Macrography
Micrography
Hardness test
Ferrite test

1 Side bend test

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 6

Appendix 6 Welding procedure qualification - Location of Vickers


Hardness and ferrite survey
Applicable to butt weld, fillet weld and weld repairs
A - Original weld and 3 mm ligament butt weld repair

B - Partial penetration butt weld repair

Indents shall be carried out according to the same as for Butt weld.
C - Cap butt weld repair

Indents shall be carried out according to the same as for Butt weld.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 6

D - Original weld fillet weld

E - Enlargement of area A (typical) and applicable at other area

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 7

Appendix 7 Location of impact test specimen for procedure


qualification of butt welds

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 8

Appendix 8 Ultrasonic testing - Reference sensitivity block


Reference block - Location of drilled holes for manual UT

A specific reference sensitivity block shall be used.


This block shall contain a weld representative of those to be examined.
The reference standards shall consist of cylindrical holes ( 1.5 mm 0.1 mm) drilled in the

fusion lines and in the base material.


Holes in base material shall be in the same relative position as the fusion lines holes.
Holes shall be through the entire thickness of the block and parallel to the surface of
examination.
Side drilled holes shall be drilled in each T/4 but max 12 mm and then drilled holes shall be
equally spaced along the fusion lines.

This document is the property of Total. It must not be stored, reproduced or disclosed to others without written authorisation from the Company.

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 9

Appendix 9 Requested procedures and documentation for works


Requested procedures and documentation for duplex and super duplex stainless steel works
Rev:

Date:

Fabrication procedure No. & Rev.


1

Material Quality Inspection and Test Plan

Fabrication and Construction Quality Control Plan

Reception Site Certificate

Colour Identification Tools

General Fabrication and construction Procedure

Storage and Handling Procedure for Material

General Procedure for Welding

Weld Preparation and Control

Calibration of Welding Set, Gas Shielding Flow Rate, Thermometer,


Ferrite Control Set

10

Receipt, Storage, Handling and Drying-up of Welding Consumables

11

Piping Welding Book (WPS and PQR)

12

Welders Qualification List and Certificates

13

Welders and qualification monitoring

14

O2 Control and Purge Chamber Calibration

15

Tack Welding

16

Controlling and Repairing Arc-strikes

17

Repair for Defective Weld

18

Iron Detection and Decontamination

19

Pickling and Passivation of Weld Surface and Base Metal Surface

Non Destructive procedure for welds No. & Rev.


20

Spools Storage and Manutention during NDE

21

NDE Organisation Chart and NDE Operators List

22

Extent of NDE

23

Visual Examination

24

Dye Penetrant Examination

25

Radiographic Examination (X-Ray / Y-Ray)

26

Demonstration of Pentameter Resolution and Radiographic


Qualification after Root and Hot Passes

27

Ultrasonic Examination
In-progress Control System for Each Isometric

Documentation
28

Dye Penetrant Product (Cl-free)

29

Marker and Paint Documentation (Cl and metal ions-free)

30

Machining Oil (Cl-free)

31

Analysis Device of Chloride and Iron for Hydro testing and Analysis
Certificate

32

Ferrite Calibration Probes

33

Analysis of Argon Certificate for Each Bottle Delivery

34

O2 Analyser

Other necessary procedures


35

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Date: 01/2011

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Rev: 01
Appendix 10

Appendix 10 Reception site certificate (2 pages)


Duplex and super duplex pipeline - (*) project
Site (*)

Contract N
Designation

Item
1

Warehouse

Check (X) Reserve N Fabricator

(*)

Total

Storage
Cleanliness
Preparation Hall

Environment
Bridge Crane
Hoist
Tools
Plasma Cutting Set
Disk Cutting Set
Bevelling Set
Cleanliness
Contamination Protection
Welding Hall

Environment
Tack Welding
Arc Welding Set
Purge Gas Chamber
Drying Oven
Tools
Thermometer
Ferrite Content Measuring Set
O2 Analyser and Probe
Welding Procedures
Instructions
Cleanliness
Contamination Protection
NDE

Signalling
Dark Room
NDE Device
Spool Storage
Cleanliness

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 10

Duplex and super duplex pipeline - (*) project


Site (*)

Contract N
Designation

Item

Warehouse

Check (X) Reserve N Fabricator

(*)

Total

Contamination Protection
Hydrostatic Test
5

Test Pump
Pressure Recorder
Contamination Protection
Finish Parts Storage/Handling

Contamination Protection
Miscellaneous

Reserves:

Visas: (*) Fabricator

Contractor

Total

Rev.:

Date:

Rev.:

Date:

Rev.:

Date:

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General Specification

Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 11

Appendix 11 Monitoring Check List


Monitor Equipment:

Ampere Meter No.

Project:

Contract No.

Weld N

Welder No.

Volt Meter No.

Welding Procedure

Item/Spool No.
WPS Ref:

Check for the following


1

or Arc Monitor

Remarks

Material Type/Grade Correct?


Thickness Correct?
WPS Correct?

Degrease prep's and filler wire

Weld prep's dressed and degreased

Argon hoses general condition

Joint fit up in accordance with WPS

Bullets/Bridge tacks where appropriate/Tack Welding

Monitoring check at 20.9% and 0% O2

Back-purging O2 content

Actual recorded

Purge flow rate

State:

State measured gap:

10 Filler wire snipped where applicable


11 Gas lens where applicable
12 Inter-pass temperature and mid-pass temperatures measured
using a Digital Contact Thermometer

Actual recorded

13 TIG/SMAW run length

Actual recorded

14 Tempilsticks are available and in use


15 Heat quivers are operating
16 Weld consumables used are in accordance with WPS
17 Welding sequence and welding parameters are in
accordance with WPS
1) Current 2) Volts 3) Welding speed

Measure and record heat input


A x V x T/ ROL =

18 Preheat is applied correctly and in accordance with WPS


19 Welder is qualified to weld to WPS
Approvals

Inspection

Welding dept

Name:
Sign:
Date:

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Date: 01/2011

GS EP PLR 422

Rev: 01
Appendix 12

Appendix 12 Data Sheet


Nominal OD
Onshore / Offshore
Applicable Standard
Grade
WT
Routine impact tests temperature

Minimum design temperature -20C


In no case will be above -20C

Mechanical properties and test


Design Pressure
Minimum Design Temperature
Maximum Design Temperature
Laying technique

S-Lay / Jay / Reeling

PPS reference for Line pipes


PPS reference for flanges
PPS reference for bends
PPS reference for tee
Number of originals and copies

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