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IS 196 (B) (1966): Atmospheric Conditions for Testing


(Revised)(BI-LINGUAL) [PGD 20: Engineering Standards]

! $ ' +-
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

Invent a New India Using Knowledge

! > 0 B

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vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966


f}Hkk"kh@Bilingual
iquiZq"V@Reaffirmed 2001

Hkkjrh; ekud

ijh{k.k dh ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ka


iqujhf{kr
Indian Standard
ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS FOR TESTING
( Revised )

;wMhlh@UDC 620.1 : 551.52/.7

Hkk ek C;w j ks 2012

Hkkjrh; ekud C;w j ks


ekud Hkou] 9 cgknq j 'kkg t+ Q j ekxZ
ubZ fnYyh 110002
BIS 2012

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS


MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 110002

ebZ@May 2012

ewY; oxZ@Price Group 2

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966

bathfu;fjax ekud fo"k; lfefr] ihthMh 20

izkDdFku
0-1 bl Hkkjrh; ekud (iqujhf{kr) osQ elkSns dks bathfu;fjax ekud fo"k; lfefr }kjk vafre :i nsus rFkk vfHk;kaf=kd
bathfu;fjax foHkkxh; ifj"kn }kjk vuqeksnu ds ckn 3 ekpZ 1966 dks Hkkjrh; ekud laLFkk }kjk xzg.k fd;k x;kA
0-2 ;g ekud igyh ckj 1950 dks tkjh fd;k x;k Fkk ftlesa ijh{k.k dh ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ka fufnZ"V dh xbZ FkhaA ;g
iqujh{k.k bl ekud dks vkbZ,lvks dh leUo; lfefr }kjk vkbZbZlh ds lg;ksx ls ijh{k.k dh okrkoj.kh; fLFkfr;ksa ij fd,
x, uohure dk;Z ds vuq:i cukus ds fy, fd;k x;k gSA
0-3 ijh{k.k dh tkus okyh lkexzh ds xq.kkeZ vkSj miLdjksa dh f;kRedrk ijh{k.k ds le; ifjos'k fLFkfr;ksa tSls rkieku]
lkis{k vknzZrk] nkc ls izHkkfor gksrh gSaA fofHkUu ijh{k.k iz;skx'kkykvksa@ijh{k.k dsanzksa dks feys ijh{k.k ifj.kkeksa dh rqyuk ds fy,
;g vko';d gks tkrk gS fd mu ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa vkSj vuqdwyu izf;kvksa ds fy, ekud fufnZ"V gks ftuosQ varxZr ijh{k.k
fd;k tkuk gS vFkok ijh{k.k ls iwoZ fdl izfr:i dks vuqdwfyr fd;k tk,A
0-4 izeq[k dkjd ftuds dkj.k dqN fLFkfr;ksa dks Lohdkj dj fy;k x;k gS laf{kIr :i ls fuEufyf[kr :i esa fy, tk ldrs
gSa%

(rhljs doj ij tkjh)

Engineering Standards Sectional Committee, PGD 20

FOREWORD
0.1 This Indian Standard (Revised) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 3 March 1966, after the
draft finalized by the Engineering Standards Sectional Committee had been approved by the Mechanical Engineering
Division Council.
0.2 This standard was first issued in 1950 specifying atmospheric conditions for testing. This revision has been
undertaken to bring this standard in line with the latest work done by the Co-ordinating Committee on Atmospheric Conditions for Testing (ATCO) of ISO in collaboration with IEC.
0.3 The properties of materials and behaviour of equipment under test are influenced by atmospheric conditions,
such as the temperature, the relative humidity and the pressure of the ambient air at the time of the test. For
comparison of test results obtained by different test laboratories/testing centres, it becomes necessary to specify
standard atmospheric conditions and conditioning procedures, under which the test should be carried out or at
which specimen should be conditioned before the test.
0.4 The principal considerations that would justify the adoption of a set of conditions may be enumerated in short
as follows:
(Continued on third cover)
i

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966

d) fufnZ"V rkieku ,oa vknzZrk fLFkfr;ka mu vfkdka'k ijh{k.kksa ds vuqdwy gksa ftuds fy, ekud ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ka
pkfg,a_
[k) ekud fLFkfr;ksa ds j[k&j[kko ds fy, vko';d miLdj laLFkkfir djus esa lLrk rFkk j[k&j[kko esa vklku gks_ vkSj
x) ekud fLFkfr;ka Jfedksa ds fy, lqfokktud gksaA
0-5 ijh{k.k ds fy, varjkZ"Vh; rkSj ij lger ekud ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa dh vko';drk rks vuqHko dh tkrh gS ijarq rkieku
esa vkSj ".kdfVcakh; vFkok mi&".kdfVcakh; {ks=kksa dh ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa esa O;kid fHkUurk gksus ls gks ldrk gS fd ;s
ijh{k.k fLFkfr;ka lHkh {ks=kksa ds fy, mi;qDr u gksaA vkbZ,lvks ,oa vkbZbZlh dh dbZ rduhdh lfefr;ksa vkSj ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa
ij vkbZ,lvks dh leUo; lfefr }kjk vkbZbZlh ds lg;ksx ls bl i{k dh foLr`r iM+rky dh vkSj mlus ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa
ds fuEufyf[kr rhu ekudksa dh vuq'kalk dh gS ftuesa ls gj ,d ns'k vius fy, lokZfkd mi;qDr ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa dk
p;u dj ldrs gSa%
d) 65 izfr'kr lkis{k vknzZrk ds lkFk 20ls[k) 50 izfr'kr lkis{k vknZzrk ds lkFk 23lsax) 65 izfr'kr lkis{k vknzZrk ds lkFk 27lsamijksDr ok;qeaMy (x) ".kdfVcakh; vFkok mi&".kdfVcakh; {ks=kksa ds fy, okafNr gS vkSj Hkkjr ds lrr~ iz;Ru ds
iQyLo:i bls varjkZ"Vh; Lrj ij Lohdkj dj fy;k x;k gSA bu ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa dks vc Hkkjr ds fy, Lohdkj dj fy;k
x;k gSA rkieku vkSj lkis{k vknzZrk (x) ds eku yacs dky esa Hkkjr ds dbZ egoiw.kZ dsanzksa ij NkbZ ekSle dh ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds
fo'ys"k.k ij vkkkfjr gSaA

(pkSFks doj ij tkjh)


(Continued from second cover)

a)

Temperature and humidity conditions specified should be suited to a majority of tests requiring standard
atmospheric conditions;
b) Equipment required to maintain the standard conditions should be economical to install and easy to
maintain; and
c) The standard conditions should be within the comfort zone for workers.
0.5 Although the necessity for having an internationally agreed set of standard atmospheric conditions for test is
realized, the wide divergence of the atmospheric conditions in the temperate and tropical or sub-tropical regions
indicates that the same test conditions may not be suitable for all the zones. This aspect was examined in great
detail by the several technical committees of ISO and IEC, and the Co-ordinating Committee on Atmospheric
Conditions for Testing (ATCO) of ISO, in collaboration with IEC, has recommended the following three sets of
standard atmospheric conditions from which the individual countries could choose whichever is most suitable to
them:
a) 20C with 65 percent relative humidity
b) 23C with 50 percent relative humidity
c) 27C with 65 percent relative humidity
The atmosphere (c) above is intended for tropical and sub-tropical zones and this was accepted at the international
level as a result of continued efforts by India. This atmosphere has now been adopted for India. The values of
temperature and relative humidity in (c) are based on an analysis of the weather conditions of several important
centres of India spread over a long period.
(Continued on fourth cover)
ii

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966

0-6 dbZ ekeyksa esa] ekiu vfu;af=kr ok;qeaMy esa ifjos'kxr fLFkfr;ksa esa djuk iM+rk gS] mnkgj.k ds fy, fo|qr eksVjsa] tujsVj]
ls tkjh)bR;kfn dk ijh{k.k ml le; vkSj LFkku ij O;kIr ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa esa fd;k tkrk gS tgka ekiu gksrk gS
V(frljs
kaliQkeZdoj
j] fLopfx;j
vkSj ,sls ekeyksa esa fu;af=kr okrkoj.k tSlk dksbZ iz'u ugha gksrk gSA
0-7 vfkdka'k vkS|ksfxd ijh{k.k esa ok;qeaMyh; nkc dks ;nk&dnk gh fu;af=kr djus dh vko';drk gksrh gS tSlk fd rkieku
vkSj vknZzrk ds fy, fd;k tkrk gSA lkekU;r% ijh{k.k O;kIr ok;qeaMyh; nkc esa gh fd, tkrs gSaA blfy, nkc dh NwV lhek
dk fofHkUu ekeyksa esa ego Hkh fHkUu gksrk gS tks fd ekis tkus okys vfHky{k.kksa dh nkc laosnu'khykrk ij fuHkZj djrk gSA
vr,o vyx&vyx ekeyksa esa fLFkfr dh vko';drkuqlkj nkc NwV dks fufnZ"V djuk vko';d gSA ,sls ekeyksa esa lqkkj djus
dk rF; Hkh fufnZ"V gksA
0-8 ;g vuqHko fd;k x;k gS fd dbZ iz;kstuksa gsrq varjkZ"Vh; rqyukRedrk ds vkkkj ij izeq[k varjkZ"Vh; rkieku] 20lsa- dks
viukuk vfkd ykHkinz gksxkA mnkgj.k ds fy, Hkkj ,oa ekiu ds vkkkjHkwr ekud dk ekiu] ewy ekudksa dsa lanHkZ esa HkkSfrd
fLFkjkad ,oa 'kq ekiu vkSj ,sls gh ijh{k.kksa esa ekiu] midj.kksa dk va'k'kksku ds ijh{k.k bR;kfnA ,sls vkSj vU; ekeyksa esa
;g okafNr gS fd tgka varjkZ"Vh; rqyukRedrk vfr egoiw.kZ gks ogka O;kIr ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa esa ijh{k.k fd, tkus ij
okLrfod ijh{k.k rFkk ekunaM ifjdyu djus ds fy, izeq[k varjkZ"Vh; rkieku dks viuk;k tk,A
0-9 bl ekud esa fufnZ"V NwVksa ds lkFk ijh{k.k ds fy, ekud ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ka vkS|ksfxd izdkj ds vfkdka'k ijh{k.kksa esa
iz;ksx djus ds fy, vHkh"V gSaA bu fLFkfr;ksa vkSj NwVksa dks lHkh ekeyksa esa f;kfUor u le>k tk,A dqN vioknksa ds mnkgj.k
ftUgas] lfEefyr djuk gS] fuEufyf[kr gSa%

(ikpos doj ij tkjh)

(Continued from third cover)


0.6 In many cases, measurements are necessarily made at ambient conditions in an uncontrolled atmosphere, for
example, electric motors, generators, transformers, switchgear, etc, are tested in the atmospheric conditions existing
at the time and at the place where measurement are made and no question of controlled atmosphere arises in such
cases.
0.7 In most industrial testing, it is seldom necessary to control the atmospheric pressure as is done in the case of
temperature and humidity. Tests are normally carried out at the prevailing atmospheric pressure. Tolerance limits
for pressure, therefore, have different significance in different cases depending on the pressure sensitivity of the
characteristic to be measured. It may, therefore, be necessary to specify the pressure tolerance in accordance with
the needs of the situation in individual cases. In such cases correction factors shall also be specified
0.8 It is realized that for many purposes the adoption of the primary international temperature, namely, 20C
would have great advantages on the grounds of international comparability, for example, measurements of basic
standard of weights and measures, physical constants and precision measurements in terms of the basic standards
as well as in such tests as the calibration of gauges, tools, etc. It is desirable that in such cases as well as in other
cases where international comparability is of prime importance, the primary international temperature shall be
adopted both for actually carrying out the test and for calculating the parameters when the test is carried out at the
prevailing atmospheric conditions.
0.9 The standard atmospheric conditions for testing together with the tolerances specified in this standard are
intended for use in most industrial types of tests, where a controlled atmosphere is necessary. These conditions
and tolerances shall not be considered as applicable in all cases. Typical examples where exceptions shall have to
be made include:
(Continued on fivth cover)
iii

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966

d) ogka ueh vkSj vU; foy;ksa ls jfgr lkexzh dks 'kq"d djus dh fLFkfr;ka fufnZ"V gksuh pkfg,a tgka foy; ds DoFkukad
(pkSFks dojfcanlsq dk
tkjhe
) rkieku vkSj NwVsa lkexzh ij rkieku ds izHkko ij fuHkZj gksaA
[k) fo'ks"k xq:Ro] viorZd lwpd vkSj ok"iu nkc tSls dqN jklk;fud vkSj HkkSfrd fLFkjkadksa dks 27lsa- rkieku ls vyx
rkieku ij dqN dkj.kksa ls fufnZ"V djus dh vko';drk gks ldrh gSA vkadM+s miyCk u gksuk vkSj ekud rkieku
ls vyx rkieku dks iz;qDr djuk (rduhdh n`f"V ls) dqN ,ssls dkj.k gks ldrs gSaA vkadM+s miyCk u gksus dh fLFkfr
esa bu ekud fLFkfr;ksa ds vkkkj ij fLFkjkadksa dk ;FkklaHko mYys[k fd;k tkuk pkfg, vkSj vkadM+s miyCk gksus rd
varfje vofk esa vioknkRed fLFkfr;ka viukbZ tk,aA
x) dqN fukkZj.kksa tSls nzO;ksa dh ';kurk] Bksl dh IykfLVdrk vkSj lkexzh dk ?kuRo Kkr djus ds fy, bl ekud ls
vfkd NwV dh lw{e lhek,a visf{kr gksaA ,sls lHkh ekeyksa esa NwV dh mi;qDr lhek,a fufnZ"V dh tk,a] ijarq ekud
eku ij ;FkklaHko vkkkjHkwr rkieku j[kk tkuk pkfg,A
?k) fo'ks"k vfHky{k.kksa okys oqQN ,sls ijh{k.k tks oLrqvksa] lkexzh] miLdj] bR;knh] dh mi;qDrrk fuf'pr djus] fo|qr
,oa bysDVkWfud midj.kksa vkSj miLdjksa dh okrkoj.kh; ifj{k.kksa tSlh dBksj fLFkfr;ksa esa lsok osQ fy, vHkh"V gksaA
0-10 bl ekud osQ fukkZj.k osQ fy, mkjnk;h lfefr dk xBu vuqcak d esa fn;k x;k gSA
0-11 ;g fuf'pr djus ds fy, fd bl ekud esa nh xbZ fdlh vis{kk fo'ks"k dk ikyu fd;k x;k gS ;k ugha] rks ijh{k.k ;k
fo'ys"k.k osQ ifj.kke dks n'kkZus okys voyksdu ;k x.kuk }kjk izkIr vafre eku dks vkbZ,l 2 % 1960 ds vuqlkj iw.kkZafdr dj
fn;k tk,A iw.kkZafdr eku esa j[ks x, lkFkZd LFkkuksa dh la[;k mruh gh gks ftruh bl ekud esa fufnZ"V eku dh gSA
*

la[;kRed ekuksa ds iw.kkZadu laacakh fu;e (iqujhf{kr)A

(Continued from fourth cover)


a)

Conditions for drying a material free from moisture and other solvents where a temperature of the order
of the boiling point of the solvent and tolerances depending on the effect of temperature on the material
shall have to be specified.
b) Certain chemical and physical constants, such as specific gravity, refractive index and vapour pressure,
may need be specified at temperatures other than the temperature of 27C, for reasons such as nonavailability of data and the desirability (from the technical point of view) of using a temperature other
than the standard. In cases of non-availability of data, efforts should be made as far as possible to specify
the constants on the basis of these standard conditions as the data become available, exceptional conditions
being adopted in the interim period.
c) Certain determinations, such as those of viscosity of liquids, plasticity of solids and density of materials,
require much finer limits of tolerance than those required by this standard. In all such cases, suitable
limits of tolerance shall be specified, but as far as possible the basic temperature should be retained at the
standard value.
d) Certain tests of specialized character which are intended to establish suitability of goods, materials,
equipment, etc, for service under severe conditions, such as climatic tests on electrical and electronic
components and equipments.
0.10 The composition of the Committee responsible for the preparation of this standard as given in Annex A.
0.11 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final
value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with
IS 2 : 1960*. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of
the specified value in this standard.

* Rules for rounding off numerical values (revised).

iv

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966

Hkkjrh; ekud

ijh{k.k dh ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ka


iqujhf{kr
Indian Standard
ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS FOR TESTING
( Revised )
1 fo"k; {ks = k

1 SCOPE

1-1 bl ekud esa lkexzh] mRikn] miLdj bR;kfn ds ijh{k.k


dh ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ka fufnZ"V dh xbZ gSa vkSj ;g ,sls
ijh{k.kksa ds fy, gSa tgka rqyukRed ,oa iquZmRikns; ifj.kke
ysus ds fy, ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa dks fu;af=kr djuk gks
vFkok fofHkUu fLFkfr;ksa esa fy, x, ijh{k.k ifj.kkeksa dks
ekud fLFkfr;ksa esa ykus ds fy, ekiu djuk gksA

1.1 This standard specifies the atmospheric conditions


for testing of materials, products, equipment, etc, and
applies to such tests where atmospheric conditions
need to be controlled to obtain comparable and
reproducible results or to conduct measurements where
test results obtained under different conditions have to
be reduced to standard conditions.

1-2 ;g ekud eki ,oa rkSy ds vkkkjHkwr ekudksa] bu ewy


ekudksa ds lanHkZ ls fy, x, ifj'kq eki vkSj ijh{k.k ekiu
dk va'k'kksku] ifj'kqrk midj.k bR;kfn tSls ijh{k.kksa rFkk 0-9
esa fn, x, ekeyksa ij ykxw ugha gksrk gSA

1.2 This standard does not apply to the basic standards


of weights and measures, to the precision measurement
made in terms of these basic standards and to such tests
as calibration of test gauges, precision tools, etc, and
to the cases covered in 0.9.

1-3 ;g ekud mu ekeyksa ij ykxw ugha gksrk gS tgka ekiu


fd, x, le; vkSj LFkku ij fo|eku ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa
esa ijh{k.k fd;k x;k gks (mnkgj.k ds fy,] bysfDVd eksVj]
tujsVj] VkliQkWeZj bR;kfn) vkSj tgka fu;af=kr ok;qeaMy dk
dksbZ iz'u ugha curk gSA

1.3 This standard is not applicable to cases where


testing is done under the atmospheric conditions
existing at the time and place where measurements are
made (for example electric motors, generators,
transformers, etc) and where no question of controlled
atmosphere arises.

2 ikfjHkkf"kd 'kCnkoyh

2 TERMINOLOGY

2-0 bl ekud osQ iz;kstukFkZ fuEufyf[kr ifjHkk"kk,a ykxw gksaxhA

2.0 For the purpose of this standard, the following


definitions shall apply.

2-1 iwoZ&vqudwyu lkexzh] mRikn vFkok miLdj dk bl


y{; ds lkFk mipkj djuk ftlls mlds laidZ esa vkus okys
rkieku ,oa vknzZrk ds lanHkZ esa] lSkafrd :i ls] mlds
foxr izHkko dks gVk;k ;k vkaf'kd rkSj ij izfrdkj fd;k tk
ldsA ;g mipkj lkekU;r% uewus ds vuqdwyu ls iwoZ fd;k
tkrk gSA

2.1 Pre-conditioning The treatment of a sample of


material, product or equipment with the object of
removing or partly counteracting the effect of its previous
history in respect, principally, of the temperature and
humidity to which it has been exposed. This treatment
usually precedes conditioning of the sample.

2-2 vuqdwyu uewus dk fufnZ"V vofk ds fy, fn, x,


rkieku ij fufnZ"V lkis{k vknzZrk ds ok;qnkc vFkok ty ;k
vU; nzO; esa iw.kZ fueTtuA

2.2 Conditioning The subjection of the sample to


an atmosphere of a specified relative humidity, or
complete immersion in water or other liquid, at a
specified temperature for a specified period of time.
NOTES

fVIi.kh;k
1 vuqdwyu vkSj iwoZ&vuqdwyu ds fy, fufnZ"V rkieku vkSj vknZzrk
ds leku gksus ij iwoZ&vuqdwyu vkSj vuqdwyu dks feyk;k tk ldrk
gS vkSj vuqdwyu dk LFkku iwoZ&vuqdwyu ys ldrk gSA

1 When the temperature and humidity for conditioning are


the same as those prescribed for pre-conditioning, the
pre-conditioning and conditioning may be merged and the
pre-conditioning may be said to take the place of conditioning.

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966


2 According to circumstances, the space used for measurement
and conditioning may be a whole laboratory room in which the
specified conditions are maintained within the prescribed
tolerances, or a special test chamber.

2 ifjfLFkfruqlkj ekiu vkSj vuqdwyu gsrq ml iz;ksx'kkyk vFkok


fo'ks"k ijh{k.k pSEcj d{k dk iwjk LFkku iz;qDr fd;k tk ldrk gS
tgka fufnZ"V NwV osQ Hkhrj fufnZ"V fLFkfr;ksa dk j[k&j[kko fd;k
tkuk gksA

2.3 Standard Test Atmosphere The atmosphere in


which tests are conducted or to which the parameters
are calculated.

2-3 ekud ijh{k.k ok;qeaMy og ok;qeaMy ftlesa


ijh{k.k fd;k tkrk gS vFkok ftlds fy, ekunaMksa dk ifjdyu
fd;k tkrk gSA
2-4 ifjos'k rkieku ijh{k.k dh tkus okyh lkexzh vFkok
miLdj ds uewus ds vkl&ikl dk okrkoj.kA

2.4 Ambient Atmosphere The atmosphere


surrounding the sample of material or equipment to be
tested.

3 ekud fLFkfr;ka

3 STANDARD CONDITIONS
3.1 Standard Test Atmosphere

3-1 ekud ijh{k.k okrkoj.k

3.1.1 The standard test atmosphere shall be:

3-1-1 ekud ijh{k.k okrkoj.k gksxk%


rkieku
lkis{k vknZzrk
ok;q nkc

Temperature
: 27C
Relative humidity : 65 percent
Air pressure
: 1 013 mbar (760 mmHg)

% 27lsa% 65 izfr'kr
% 1 013 ,eckj (760 ,e,e,pth)

NOTE Wherever international comparability becomes


necessary, the international accepted atmospheric conditions, for
example, 20C and 65 percent relative humidity in the case of
basic standards of weights and measures, electrical and
electronic industry; and 15C in the case of alcohol and
petroleum products, may be adopted (see also 0.8 and 0.9).

fVIi.kh tgka dgha varjkZ"Vh; rqyukRedrk vko';d gks ogka


varjkZ"Vh; Lohd`r ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ka viukbZ tk,a] mnkgj.k ds
fy, eki ,oa rkSy] fo|qr ,oa bysDVkWfud m|ksx ds ewy ekudksa ds
ekeys esa 20lsa- vkSj 65 izfr'kr lkis{k vknzZrk_ vkSj vYdksgy ,oa
0-8 ,oa 0-9 Hkh ns[ksa)A
isVksfy;e mRiknksa ds ekeys esa 15lsa- (0-8

3.1.2 This atmosphere shall be used either for actually


carrying out the test or for calculating the parameters when
the tests are carried out at any other atmospheric
conditions, the law of dependence of the parameter on
temperature and/or humidity and/or pressure being known.

3-1-2 fdlh vU; ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa esa ijh{k.k fd, tkus


ij ok;qeaMy dk iz;ksx okLro esa ijh{k.k fd, tkus vFkok
ekunaMksa dk ifjdyu fd, tkus ds fy, gks] rkieku vkSj@vFkok
vknzZrk vkSj@vFkok nkc ij ekunaM dh fuHkZjrk dk fu;e Kkr
gksA

3.2 Range of Ambient Atmospheric Conditions for


Testing Wherever the parameters to be measured
are not materially affected within a range of temperature
and relative humidity it may not be necessary to carry
out the measurements at the standard test atmosphere
mentioned in 3.1. In such cases the measurements may
be carried out within the following range:

3-2 ijh{k.k gsrq ifjos'kxr ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ksa dh


fHkUurk tgka dgha rkieku ,oa lkisf{kd vknzZrk dh
fHkUurk ds Hkhrj ekis tkus okys ekinaM HkkSfrd :i ls
izHkkfor u gksa ogka 3-1 esa mfYyf[kr ekud ijh{k.k ok;qeaMy
esa ijh{k.k djuk vko';d ugha gSaA ,sls ekeyksa esa fuEufyf[kr
fHkUurk ds Hkhrj ekiu fd;k tk,%

Temperature
: 15 to 35C
Relative humidity : 45 to 75 percent
Air pressure
: 860 to 1 060 mbar

rkieku
% 15ls- ls 35lsalkis{k vknzZrk % 45 ls 75 izfr'kr
ok;q nkc
% 860 ls 1 060 ,eckj

3.2.1 The above temperature range may, however, be


10 to 40C in special cases.

3-2-1 fo'ks"k ekeyksa esa mijksDr rkieku fHkUurk 10lsa- ls


40lsa- gks ldrh gSA

4 TOLERANCES ON STANDARD TEST


ATMOSPHERE

4 ekud ijh{k.k okrkoj.k ij Nw V s a


4.1 Temperature and Humidity There shall be
two classes of tolerances, normal and close. The normal
tolerance shall be 2C on temperature and 5 percent
on relative humidity and the close tolerance shall be
1C on temperature and 2 percent on relative
humidity at any point in the test room or chamber.

4-1 rkieku ,oa vknzZrk NwV dh nks Jsf.k;ka gksaxh] lkekU;


,oa djhchA ijh{k.k d{k vFkok pSEcj esa fdlh Hkh fcanq ij
lkekU; NwV 2ls- rkieku ij vkSj lkis{k vknZzrk ij 5
izfr'kr rFkk djhch NwV 1ls- rkieku ij vkSj lkis{k vknzZrk
ij 2 izfr'kr gksxhA
2

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966


NOTE Depending upon the sensitiveness of the particular
test to atmospheric variations either of the two tolerances may
be chosen. When the relevant specification requires a period of
conditioning or pre-conditioning, it is important to distinguish
between the overall limits of the temperatures within which it may
be carried out and the limits within which the temperature
should be maintained in order to maintain the specified relative
humidity limits, for example, the close temperature tolerance
of 1C will not in itself ensure the close relative humidity
requirement of 2 percent.

fVIi.kh ok;qeaMy fHkUurk ds ijh{k.k fo'ks"k dh laosnu'khyrk ds


vkkkj ij nksuksa esa ls fdlh Hkh NwV dk p;u fd;k tk ldrk gSA
lac fof'kf"V ds fy, vuqdwy vFkok iwoZ&vuqdwyu dh vko';drk
gksus ij ftl rkieku ds Hkhrj og fd;k tkuk gS mldh ldy
lhek rFkk ml lhek ds chp varj djuk vko';d gS ftlesa
rkieku j[kk tkuk gS rkfd fufnZ"V lkis{k vknzZrk cukbZ j[kh tk lds]
mnkgj.k ds fy,] 1ls- dh djhch rkieku NwV vius vki esa 2
izfr'kr dh djhch lkis{k vknZzrk dh vis{kk dks lqfuf'pr ugha
djrh gSA

vuqcak d
([kaM 0-10)
lfefr xBu
bathfu;fjax ekud fo"k; lfefr] ihthMh 20
laxBu
j{kk ea=kky; (vkj ,.M Mh)
n baLVhV~;w'ku vkWiQ bathfu;lZ (bafM;k)] dydkk
,lksfl,'ku vkWiQ bafM;u vkWVkseksckby eSU;wiQSDpjlZ] cacbZ
iwfrZ ,oa fuiVku egkfuns'kky; (m|ksx ,oa vkiwfrZ ea=kky;)
Mk;jsDVksjsV tujy vkWiQ vkWCtosZVksjht (ukxfjd mM~M;u ea=kky;)]
ubZ fnYyh
dsanzh; oSKkfud midj.k laxBu (lh,lvkbZvkj)] paMhx<+
fjlpZ] fMtkbu ,ao LVSaMM~Zl vkWxsZukbts'ku (jsy ea=kky;)
us'kuy VsLV gkml] dydkk
bafM;u bathfu;fjax ,lksfl,'ku] dydkk
us'kuy fiQftdy ysckWjVjh (lh,lvkbZvkj)] ubZ fnYyh
Hkkjrh; foKku laLFkku] caxykSj
ukxfjd mM~M;u egkfuns'kky; (ukxfjd mM~M;u ea=kky;)]
ubZ fnYyh
O;fDrxr rkSj ij (jhtuy bathfu;afjax dkWyst] okjaxy & ih-vks- dkthiV~V)
j{kk ea=kky; (vkj ,.M Mh)
Hkkjrh; izkS|ksfxdh laLFkku] cacbZ
bathfu;fjax ,slksfl,'ku vkWiQ bafM;k] dydkk
lsaVy eSdsfudy bathfu;fjax fjlpZ baLVhV~;wV (lh,lvkbZvkj)] nqxkZiqj
funs'kd] vkbZ,lvkbZ (insu lnL;)

izfrfukku
MkW ,l- Hkxoure~ (v;{k)
duZy ts- ih- ,aFkuh (MkW ,l- Hkxoure~ ds fodYih)
Jh ih- vkj- vkgwtk
Jh ,u- cky".k
Jh ,l- ,u- Ms
fMIVh Mk;jsDVj tujy vkWiQ vkWCtosZVksjht (baLVwesaVl)
MkW ih- ,l- fxy
Jh ts- lh- dkyjk
Jh ,l- ,u- eq[kthZ
Jh ,l- uanh
Jh isze izdk'k
izks ,- jkepanzu
Jh ,l- jkekefjFke
izks oh- oh- ,y- jko
est&tujy ts- vkj- lSelu
Jh Vh- vkj- ljdkjh
Jh ts- ,e- flUgk
Jh ,e- ,e- lwjh
Jh ,e- oh- iVudj]
mi funs'kd (vfHk;kaf=kd foHkkx) (lfpo)

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966

ijh{k.k dh ok;qeaMyh; fLFkfr;ka milfefr] ihthMh 20 % 1


laxBu
us'kuy fiQftdy ysckWjVjh (lh,lvkbZvkj)] ubZ fnYyh

la;kstd
Jh isze izdk'k

izfrfukku
Jh ,- ds- HkV~Vkpk;Z
Jh ds- osadVjekuh (oSdfYid)
fMIVh Mk;jsDVj tujy vkWiQ vkCtosZVksjhT+k (baLVwesaV~l)
Jh ,u- lh- kj (oSdfYid)
Jh ,u- ih- ?kks"k
Jh th- ,l- ekjokg (oSdfYid)
est xq:cD'k flag
Jh lh- ts- psfj;u (oSdfYid)
MkW th- ,l- gV~VaxM+h
MkW vkj- ,y- ,u- v;axj
Jh ,- ds- ykfgjh
foax deka- Mh- ts- ykW;j
LdokMu yhMj ,l- ch- iqjkf.kd (oSdfYid)
izks ,l- vkj- esgjk
Jh ch- ds- eq[kthZ
MkW Vh- jkkk".ku
Jh ds- lqczef.k;e (oSdfYid)
Jh oh- ,u- 'kkg
Jh ds- ,u- frokjh
MkW ts- MCyw- fOgVdj

fjlpZ] fMtkbu ,aM LVSaMMZl vkxsZukbts'ku (jsy ea=kky;)


Mk;jsDVksjsV tujy vkWiQ vkCtosZVksjhT+k (ukxfjd mM~M;u ea=kky;)]
ubZ fnYyh
vkWfiQl vkWiQ n phiQ baLisDVj vkWiQ ekbUl (Je ,oa jksT+kxkj ea=kky;)]
kuckn
j{kk ea=kky; (lhlhvkj ,aM Mh)
fganqLrku yhoj fyfeVsM] cacbZ
bafM;u lsaVy dkWVu desVh] cacbZ
us'kuy esVkyftZdy ysckWjVjh (lh,lvkbZvkj)] te'ksniqj
rduhdh fodkl ,oa mRiknu egkfuns'kky; (ok;q)] j{kk ea=kky;]
ubZ fnYyh
dsanzh; lM+d vuqlakku laLFkku (lh,lvkbZvkj)] ubZ fnYyh
us'kuy VSLV gkml] dydkk
vgenkckn VsDlVkby baMLVh fjlpZ ,lksfl,'ku] vgenkckn
bVySCk izkbosV fyfeVsM] cacbZ
okrkoj.kh; ijh{k.k ifr fo"k; lfefr] bZVhMhlh 26
Hkkjrh; isVksfy;e laLFkku (lh,lvkbZvkj)] ubZ fnYyh

ANNEX A
(Clause 0.10)
COMMITTEE COMPOSITION
Engineering Standards Sectional Committee , PGD 20
Organization

Members

Ministry of Defence (R & D)

DR S. BHAGAVANTAM (Chairman)
COL J. P. ANTHONY (Alternate to Dr S. Bhagavantam)

The Institution of Engineers (India), Calcutta

SHRI P. R. AHUJA

Association of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, Bombay

SHRI N. BALKRISHNA

Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals (Ministry of Industry &


Supply)

SHRI S. N. DE

Directorate General of Observatories (Ministry of Civil Aviation),


New Delhi

DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL OF OBSERVATORIES (INSTRUMENTS)

Central Scientific Instruments Organization (CSIR), Chandigarh

DR P. S. GILL

Research, Designs & Standards Organization (Ministry of Railways)

SHRI J. C. KALRA

National Test House, Calcutta

SHRI S. N. MUKHERJI

Indian Engineering Association, Calcutta

SHRI S. NANDI

National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), New Delhi

SHRI PREM PRAKASH

Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

PROF A. RAMACHANDRAN

Directorate General of Civil Aviation (Ministry of Civil Aviation),


New Delhi

SHRI S. RAMAMRITHAM

In personal capacity (Regional Engineering College,


Warangal Kazipet P.O.)

PROF V. V. L. RAO

Ministry of Defence (R & D)

MAJ-GEN J. R. SAMSON

vkbZ,l@IS 196 : 1966


Organization

Members

Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay

SHRI T. R. SARKARI

Engineering Association of India, Calcutta

SHRI J. M. SINHA

Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CSIR), Durgapur

SHRI M. M. SURI

Director, ISI (Ex-officio Member)

SHRI M. V. PATANKAR,
Deputy Director (Mech Engg) (Secretary)

Atmospheric Conditions for Testing Subcommittee, PCD 20 : 1


Convener
National Physical Laboratory (CSIR), New Delhi

SHRI PREM PRAKASH


Members

Research, Designs & Standards Organization (Ministry of Railways)

SHRI A. K. BHATTACHARYYA
SHRI K.VENKATARAMANI (Alternate)

Directorate General of Observatories (Ministry of Civil Aviation),


New Delhi

DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL OF OBSERVATORIES (INSTRUMENTS)


SHRI N. C. DHAR (Alternate)

Office of the Chief Inspector of Mines (Ministry of Labour & Employment),


Dhanbad

SHRI N. P. GHOSH
SHRI G . S. MARWAHA (Alternate)

Ministry of Defence (CCR & D)

MAJ GURBUX SINGH


SHRI C. J. CHERIYAN (Alternate)

Hindustan Lever Ltd, Bombay

DR G. S. HATTIANGDI

Indian Central Cotton Committee, Bombay

DR R. L. N. IYENGAR

National Metallurgical Laboratory (CSIR), Jamshedpur

SHRI A. K. LAHIRI

Directorate of Technical Development & Production (Air), Ministry of


Defence, New Delhi

WG CDR D. J. LAWYER
SQN LDR S. B. PURANIK (Alternate)

Central Road Research Institute (CSIR), New Delhi

PROF S. R. MEHRA

National Test House, Calcutta

SHRI B. K. MUKHERJEE

Ahmedabad Textile Industrys Research Association, Ahmedabad

DR T. RADHAKRISHNAN
SHRI K. SUBRAHMANYAM (Alternate)

Italab Private Ltd, Bombay

SHRI V. N. SHAH

Environmental Testing Procedures Sectional Committee, ETDC 26

SHRI K. N. TIWARI

Indian Institute of Petroleum (CSIR), New Delhi

DR J. W. WHITAKER

fuoZpu esa fookn dh fLFkfr esa bl ekud dk vaxzsT+kh ikB gh ekU; gksxkA
In case of dispute in interpretation, English version of this standard shall be authentic.
5

Bureau of Indian Standards


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harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods
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This Indian Standard has been developed from Doc No.: PGD 20.

Amendments Issued Since Publication


Amend No.

Date of Issue

Text Affected

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