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1.

c,
x( y + z ) = 20,

y ( x + z ) = 13,
z ( x + y ) = c.

: c < 7 7 < c < 33 .


. xy + xz = 20 , xy + yz = 13 , xz + yz = c , xy + yz + xz = 33 + c ,
2
(c 7)(c + 7)(33 c )
xy = 33 c , yz = c 7 , xz = c + 7 . , x 2 y 2 z 2 =
.
2
2
2
8

, c (
7, 7 , 33), x, y z ,
.
(c 7)(c + 5)(33 c) > 0 , c < 7 7 < c < 33 .
c xyz , ,
.
2. 4n 1 + 7 2n + 48 = n !
: n = 7 .
. n 48, n ! > 48 ,
n 5 . n = 5 5! = 120 . n = 6
210 = 1024 > 720 = 6!. n = 7
46 + 7 27 + 48 = 4096 + 896 + 48 = 5040 = 7!
, n = 7 .
, n 8 ,
27 , 24 .
3. , ,
3, 4, 5 10.
. PABC, P
, .
,
. PABC ,
10, 3:4:5,

, .. cos = 10 = 5 .
3+ 4 + 5

3x, 4x 5x 3 x 4 x = 10 , x =
2

5
.
3

, ,
3 5 , 4 5 5 5 ,

3
3
3
5
arccos , .
6

4. , n,

{( 2 + 3 ) } > 0,999
n

( {a} a).
. x = 2 + 3 . 2 3 = 1 , x + 1 = 4 .
x

, n x n + 1n

x
(. ). n , 1n < 0, 001 .
x
n
n
1
x x + n 1 ,
x
6
1 1n > 0,999 . , 2 + 3 = 2701, 99962 .
x

. 2 + 3

2 3 , ,

, 3 , , ,
3 , . ,

2+ 3

) (
n

2 3

, , ,

.
5. A0 2: 1, 2, 4,...; A1
,
A0 ( , A1 A0 );
A2 ,
A1 ( , A2
A1 ). . k , 1001
Ak .
: k = 3 .
.

A0

k
n
. 2 + 2 = 2k 1 + 2n 1 , A1

,
. : A2 4 ,
A3 8 , Ak 2k
. 100110 = 11111010012 , 7 , ..
A2 , A3 .
6.
.
:
. SABCDE.
10, 30 ,
60 .
.
2

1 10 10 sin 30 = 25 .
2

. ASB

S .
S AOB = S ASB cos 60 = 12,5 , , , 62,5.
: 62,5..
. ,

. ,

. ,
, .
.

(. ):
1) SBK: BK = SK tg15 ;

O
K

(1)

2) SOK: OK = 1 SK ;
2

3) BOK: BK = OK tg 36 = 1 SK tg 36 .
2

(2)

(2) (1),
1 tg 36 > 1 tg 30 = tg15 > tg15 .
2
2
1 tg 2 15

7. (
, ,
).

.
. ,
, A(1;2).
: 4.
y
1. A
L 0; 2t
K (t ; 0) L(0; z ) , , ,
t 1
t > 1 , z > 2 . (. 1). OKL MAL
, z 2 = 1 z = 2t .

t 1

2
OKL s (t ) = t .

t 1

(1; +)

2
1a. s (t ) = t 1+1 = t + 1 + 1 = t 1 + 1

t 1

t 1

t 1

A(1; 2)

)+2 4

s (2) = 4 , 4 s (t ) .

K (t ;0)

Puc.1

. .

2
2t (t 1) t 2
t (t 2)
=
1b. s (t ) = t =
, s (t )
2
2

t 1

(t 1)

(t 1)

(1; 2] [2; +) .
s (2) = 4 .

. .
2. , A,
y
(a; 0) (0; b) . x + = 1 .

a b
2
2
(1; 2), 1 = 1 + 2
, ab 2 2 , ,
a b
ab
s = ab 4 . , 1a = b2 = 12
2

4.
. , .
3. , A KL,
, OKL
.
y

, A ( K1L1 L1
Puc.2
K2L2 2).
K1 O K L
( K1L1), ALL1
AKK1, .. AL = AK , AL1 > AK1 . L2
, OK1L1
A
OKL.
K O K2
( K2L2), , ,
AKK2 ALL2, ,
x
K1 K K 2
OK2L2 O
OKL.
. .
4. , A,
(a; 0) (. 3).

, ,

Puc.3

s = ab , , ,

2
b
2a + b
s=a+ =
. , 2a + b = ab . 2a + b 2 2ab ,
2
2
ab 2 2ab , s = ab 4 .
2

a = 2, b = 4 .

. , .
4