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Andrew Kang

Kevin Pauls
Uriah Ador Dionisio
Chanel Francisco
Brian King
AP English 12
Period 2
Beowulf: Save the Cat
1) Opening Image: Aboard his glorious ship, Shield Sheafson sails alongside the great
waves and his men.
2) Set-up: Shield Sheafson, the legendary warrior of the Spear-Danes, along with his mighty
tribe, has claimed his ruling house with triumph and honor.
3) Theme Stated: Establishing a concrete identity for oneself. In Beowulfs time, ancestral
heritage and individual reputation were highly regarded and sought after.
4) Catalyst: Heorot is threatened and attacked by Grendel, in which King Hrothgar calls for
help. Beowulf steps up to the task and sails to Heorot.
5) Debate: Hrothgar gets to know Beowulf and his past successes in which the two develop
a sense of trust and dependability onto one another.
6) Break Into Two (Choosing Act Two): Beowulf prepares for the fight with Grendel.
Beowulf and his men readily await for Grendel to appear again.
7) B Story: Beowulf develops a love-interest for the warrior code throughout his story.
He develops a passion for honor, duty and his people during his rule and epic battles.
8) The Promise of the Premise: Grendel attacks Heorot once again but Beowulf is present
for battle. During the fight, Beowulf rips Grendels arm off, causing Grendel to flee into
his swamp.
9) Midpoint: Beowulf honors his promise to the Danes by killing Grendel. Grendels
mommy finds out what happened to her son and is
10) Bad Guys Close In: Grendels mommy comes back to avenge the death of Grendel by
killing Aeschere. Beowulf dives into the lake of monsters to defeat Grendels mommy.
11) All is Lost: While Beowulf was submerged in the swamp and fighting Grendels mommy,
the Danish men stationed to keep watch of the swamp eventually went back to Heorot
in anticipation of Beowulfs death and a future attack by Grendels mommy, but the
Geats remain in wait for Beowulfs return.
12) Dark Night of the Soul: While fighting Grendels mom, Beowulf realizes Hrunting is
ineffective against her. He eventually uses the massive sword dangling on the wall to
behead and kill Grendels mom and Grendel later. He returns a hero.

13) Break Into Three (Opening Act Three): Beowulf decides to fight the dragon to protect
his people and to die an honorable death as opposed to dying of old age.
14) Finale: Beowulf and Wiglaf slay the dragon.
15) Final Image: As a warrior, Beowulf dies from venom and is burned in a funeral pyre
Beowulf: Aristotles Poetics
1. Mythos (Plot):
a. Conflict: Grendel, a monster descendant of Cain, attacks Heorot Hall and
Hrothgars men. Hrothgar calls for help and Beowulf steps up to the task of
slaying Grendel.
b. Problem due to Choice: Hrothgar wants Grendel killed and banished from his
kingdom in which he hires Beowulf to do the job.
c. Beginning: Beowulf discovers that the Danes are being attacked by Grendel and
decides to go to the realm of King Hrothgar to pay off his fathers debt to the
Danes. After explaining his past accomplishments from battle to Hrothgar,
Beowulf is trusted with the task of killing Grendel.
d. Consequence: Beowulf is set on slaying Grendel, and thus he will die or never
return home until he does so.
e. Middle: Beowulf faces Grendel in Hrothgars hall. As Grendel realizes the
Beowulfs strength is much greater than his own, he tries to flee the hall,
resulting in getting his arm torn off by Beowulf and bleeding to death in the
swamp. Avenging her sons death, Grendels mommy attacks the Danes and
Beowulf goes after her. In the purified swamp, Beowulf fights Grendels mommy,
where after being seduced and breaking Hrunting, Beowulf kills Grendels
mommy with her own sword and chops off Grendels head to ensure his death.
As a set of tokens, Beowulf resurfaces above the water with the hilt of Grendels
mommys sword and Grendels head.
f. Pathos (The Scene of Suffering): As a result of Grendels death, Grendels
mommy breaks into Heorot and kills Hrothgars closest friend and advisor,
Aeschere. Hrothgar is deeply affected by the death of his friend and yearns for
the death of Grendels mommy.
g. End: Beowulf returns home with treasures and after a few years is crowned king.
He rules peacefully without conflict and in the end fights a dragon to die a
warriors death. With the help of Wiglaf, Beowulf kills off the dragon but is
poisoned in the process. He dies shortly after, dying a warriors death.

2. Ethos (Character):
a. Growth: Throughout the story, Beowulf develops a sense of maturity that
before, was only arrogance and egocentric. In the beginning
b. Noble: Beowulf represents the ideal noble by his high-born position and
courageous yet bold views as a leader and warrior.
c. Better Man: Throughout the course of the story, Beowulf hones his diplomatic
abilities. At first he lashes out and makes a rude comment to Unferth but later
on when he comes home he is calmer and presents himself better to Hrothgar
when he had to say his sword didnt help.
3. Anagnorisis (Recognition):
a. When slaying Grendel, Beowulf is repaid with the knowledge that he no longer
has a debt towards the Danes. After killing Grendels mommy, Beowulf is
rewarded with a ship full of gold and treasure. Although Beowulf has passed, the
ship is sent back to the land of Geats.
4. Catharsis/Denouement:
a. After having slain the dragon with Wiglaf, Beowulf has been poisoned by venom
and is on his way to dying. As a result, Beowulf is relieved of his obligations as a
warrior to die in battle.
5. Hamartia (Fatal Flaw/Miscalculation):
a. Beowulfs fatal flaw is recklessness, in a way that he will often carry out his
actions without fully thinking what consequences may occur. For example, when
going to battle Grendels mother, he does not realize at first that she can be
seducing and harder to defeat than Grendel.
6. Peripeteia (Reversal of the Situation/Plot Twist):
a. After slaying Grendel, Grendels mommy comes to avenge her son and once
again wreaks havoc on Heorot. Instead of volunteering himself to slay Grendels
mommy, Beowulf demands a ship full of treasure in exchange for killing
Grendels mommy.
7. Lexis (Diction):
a. Logos: The original was written in Old English and a main focus was the
utilization of kennings and boasts.
8. Dianoia (Thought/theme):
a. Establishing a concrete identity for oneself. In Beowulfs time, ancestral heritage
and individual reputation were highly regarded and sought after.
9. Opsis (Spectacle/aesthetics):
a. Setting: The story of Beowulf takes place in the realm of King Hrothgar, located
in Scandinavia. Particularly, numerous events occur in Heorot Hall.
b. Set: The people involved include Geats and Danes. Humanoid Monsters like

10. Melos (Song):

a. The story of Beowulf was first told through bards who shared the stories but was
later written down by a catholic monk.
11. Mimesis (Representation):
a. The story was originally written in Old English and had a specific format however
this has been lost over translations into multiple languages in the modern day.