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..

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1 3
-

2014
1
.. : ,

1 3 -

1. 1

4
8

3. 3

9
17

4. .

19
22

4.-

24
30

31

32

2
.. : ,

1 3 -



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( )
. ,
.

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, ,
.
,
,
,
,
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,
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.
:
-
: ( 1 3);
- ;

- ;
- 1, 3
, .
-
.

3
.. : ,

1 3 -

1. 1

sin 2 x cos x sin x 2 sin 3 x 1

4 x

2

.
, 4 2 0 ,
2 2.
( :
1 2 sin 2 cos 2 ; sin cos sin cos sin( ))
sin 2 x cos x sin x(1 2 sin 2 x) 1
4 x2
sin 2 x cos x sin x cos 2 x 1

4 x
sin(2 x x) 1
4 x2

0;

sin 3 x 1
4 x2

0;

0;

0.


2n

sin 3x 1
,n Z
x
. 6 3

2 x 2
2 x 2

(1)

2 2 :
,

; .
2 6

; (1) , ,
2 6
.
sin 2 x cos x sin x 2 sin 3 x 1
f
(
x
)

( )
4 x2
f ( x)

sin 3 x 1
4 x2

. .

, ,
f (x)
.

, ;
:

; .
2 6

4
.. : ,

1 3 -


2 cos 2 x cos3x 2 cos2 2,5 x
0
2 0,5
1

2 2
2
(64 x ) 64

2
. , 64 x 2 0 ,
8 8.
( :
1 cos2
2 cos cos cos( ) cos( );cos2
)
2
1 cos 5 x
cos 5 x cos( x) 2

0;
1
( 64 x 2 64 x 2 ) 0,5
2
cos5 x cos x 1 cos5 x
cos x 1
0;
0.
2 0,5
1
2
2 0,5
(
64

x
)
(64 x 64 x )
2

cos x 1
x 2n, n Z
.

(1)
8 x 8
8 x 8
8 8 : 2 ;0;2
, 2 ;0;2 (1) ,
, .
2 cos 2 x cos 3x 2 cos2 2,5 x
f ( x)
( )
2 0,5
1

2 2
2
(64 x ) 64

f ( x)

cos x 1
64 x 2

. .

2 ; x 0; 2 (. .2).

5
.. : ,

1 3 -

: 2 ;0;2

.2

4 cos4 x 3 cos2 x cos2 2 x


0
log 22 (16 x 2 )
. ,
16 x 2 0, log 2 (16 x 2 ) 0 , 4 4, x 15 .
( :
2
cos 2 2 cos 2 1; b a 2 2ab b 2 )

4 cos4 x 3 cos2 x 2 cos2 x 1


0
log 22 (16 x 2 )
2

4 cos4 x 3 cos2 x 4 cos4 x 4 cos2 x 1


cos2 x 1
0;
0;
log 22 (16 x 2 )
log 22 (16 x 2 )

cos 2 x 1
x n, n Z

(1)
4 x 4, x 15
4 x 4, x 15
4 4, x 15 : ;0; .
, ;0; (1) ,
, .
: ;0; .

6
.. : ,

1 3 -

3 x
16 sin 12 sin cos(0,5 x) 2
6
6

0
25 x 2
. ,
25 x 2 0 ; 5 5 .
( :
sin 3 3 sin 4 sin 3 ; sin 2 2 sin cos )
x
x

4 4 sin 3 3sin cos(0,5 x) 2


6
6

0
2
25 x
x
x

4 4 sin 3 3sin cos(0,5 x) 2


6
6

0
25 x 2

4 sin 3 cos(0,5 x) 2
6
0
2
25 x
2(2 sin(0,5) cos(0,5 x)) 2
0
2
25 x
2 sin x 2
0.
25 x 2

sin x 1

x 2n, n Z
2

5 x 5

(1)

5 5

3
; .
2 2

3
; (1) , ,
2 2
.
,

3 x
16 sin 12 sin cos(0,5 x) 2
6
6

f ( x)
( )
25 x 2

f ( x)

2 sin x 2
25 x 2
7

.. : ,

1 3 -

,
:

;
2
2

3
; .
2 2


( 1 )
2 sin x cos x
0
sin x cos x

51.

4(tg (0,5 x) tg 3 (0,5 x))


1
(1 tg 2 (0,5 x))2
0
52.
tg 0,5 x
x
x
cos2
4 sin
4
2
2
0
53.
x 2 36
x
3 x
sin 2
6 sin
6
4
4
2
0
54.
2
x 49

(3 sin 2 x 2 sin x cos2 x) 1 x 2


0
55.
log 22 x log 2 (16 x 4 )
x

2 x
2
cos
1,25 sin
100 x
27
27

0
56.
81
2
log 3 x log 3 4
x
1
2

2
cos 2x ctg 2x
0
57.
2
log 2 x log 2 512x 6 1 x 2
x
x
cos 2
6 sin
7
2
2
0
58.
14 6 5 x 2 169

4 sin

2 sin

2
2 2 8
0
59.
16 2 x 1 17 x
9 cosx 2 cosx 1 3cosx 4 cosx
0.
60.
5 4x 4 4 x
2

8
.. : ,

1 3 -

61.

1 sin(0,5)4 x 3 7 x 0
x 3 x 3 7 x 7 x

2
4 5
62. 2 cos
6

x
sin 2 2
4
6

63.
x 2 24 x 146
2 x
sin 1
6
2 x

2 x
64. tg ctg 1 x 6 x 6 36
4
4

65.

x 3
x 1
sin 2 cos2 x 7 x 1 4
6 4
6 4

66.

x 1
x 3
x
x
sin 2 cos2 tg 2 ctg 2
9 4
9 4
12
12

x6

2
2

67. 1 sin
8
x5

2
2
2
68. 2 4 x 1 x 4 x 196 2
cos 2 x 8 cos x 9
0
69.
6 x 1 28 4 x
sin

70.

sin(0,25) 19 x 2 11 x 0
x 2 x 2 11 x 11 x
3. 3

4
1

. ,
2 0; 2 .

9
.. : ,

1 3 -

2 8 16

2 2 2 1 0
1

2
4
4; 1

1
3 5 x 2 3 x 18
0

1
( 3 6 x 2 ) ( 2 3x 18)

0
2

2 2 1
4; 1
2

2 ( 6) ( 6)(x 3)
( 6)( 2 x 3)
0
0

2 2 1
2 2 1
(1)
2
2

2
2
2 , 2 1 0 3 0 , ,
6 0
(1)
2 6

2 6.

x4
.
x 1
, ,
f (x) q(x)
.
x4
f ( x) 2 q( x)

x 1
(. .4). f (x) q(x)
, 2 6 .
f ( x) 2 q( x)

10
.. : ,

1 3 -

.4

: 2;6

1 1

x 2x x
x x

x2

. ,
2 0 2
;

x 0
x 0
, :

1 1

x x 2 2 2 x
x x

1
1

x x x
x
x

x2;

x 2 0;

x x x 2 0
x

11
.. : ,

1 3 -

2
1

x 0

x
x x 2

x 0

x 2

x 1
x 1
2

x x 2 0 x 1; x 2 (1)

x 0

x 0

x 0 , (1)

x 1
x 2

,
1 1 2; .
2

1
1

f ( x) x 2 x q( x) x x 2 .
x
x

,
f (x) q(x)
.
3

1
1

3
f ( x) x 2 x q( x) x
x
x

x2

(. .6). f (x) q(x)


1; 2 .

12
.. : ,

1 3 -

.6

: 1 1 2; .

16
x log 22 x log 2 8
x

4 log 2 x

x6

. ,
6 0
x 0

4 log 2 x 0

log 22 x log 2 16 0

x8
, :
6
x 0
x 0

; x 16
;
log
x

log
16
2
2

log 2 x log 16 8 log 0


2
8
2
2
2

log 2 x log 2 16 log 2 x 0


0 x 16

2
(log 2 x 4) 0

13
.. : ,

1 3 -

4 log x

x (log x 4) 2
2

0 x 16

x6

x log 2 x 4 (4 log 2 x) x 6 0

0 x 16
4 log 2 x 0 , log 2 x 4 (log2 x 4) ,
(4 log 2 x) (4 log 2 x) x 6 0

:
0

16

(4 log 2 x)(x x 6 ) 0

0 x 16
, 4 log 2 x 0 ,

x x 6 0

16

2 3

0 x 16

x 2 6 0

16

, , ,
0 3

16
f ( x) x log 22 x log 2 8
x

q ( x)

4 log 2 x

x6

16
2
2
f ( x) x log 2 x log 2 8 q( x) 4 log 2 x x 6 .
x

(. .7). f (x)
q(x) 0 3 .

14
.. : ,

1 3 -

: 0;3 .

28 2 2 10 log 42 x 8 log 22 x
. ,
2 0
2

10 x 0 x 10
x 0
x 0

.7

(1)

(1) 0 x 10 .

12 2 2 10 log 42 x 8 log 22 x 16
, :
12 2 2 10 log 42 x 8 log 22 x 16 ;

12 2 2 10 (log 22 x 4) 2 ;
2 2 2 10 10 x (log 22 x 4) 2 ;
( 2 10 ) 2 (log 22 x 4) 2 0
(2)
(2) ,

15
.. : ,

1 3 -

x 2 10 x
2 10 2 0

log 2 x 2
2
2


(log2 x 4) 0
log
x

2
2
0 x 10
0 x 10

x 4

x 4

1

0 x 10

, , ,
4.
f ( x) 12 2 2 10
q( x) log 42 x 8 log 22 x 16

.
4
2
f ( x) 12 2 2 10 q( x) log 2 x 8 log 2 x 16
(. .8). f (x) q(x)
4 .

.8
:4.

16
.. : ,

1 3 -


( 3 )

2 1
log 2 ( x 2)(2 x 1) 4
2
3
log 3 ( x 3)(3x 9) 2
72. log 3
3 9
4

73.
2
6
74. 3
2
2
2
2 x 18
3x 9 2 x2 272 x 22 x6 2124 x 0
75. 2 3
71. log 2

2 x 4
5 x2 2 x
76. 2 5

77. 5

x 2 3 4

2x

4 5

2x

x
78. 6

22 x 7 22 x 8 24 x 16 0
2

5 4
6 5

79.

( 2) x 2 (10 x) 10 x
1
2
x 2 10 x
2
8 x 2 10 x

80.

2(( 2) x 2 (6 x) 6 x )
4 x2 6 x
8 x2 6 x

81. log 0, 25 6 log 3 7 log 4 4 x 24 1

82. log 0,1 7 log 2 11 lg 100 x 700 2


2
2
83. log 16 1 5 log 16 x

2
4
84. 24 log 0, 25 8 log 0,25 x

7
2
2
2
8 0,5 log 2 x 7
85. 5 log 2 49 log 5 2
7
6
2
2
2
10 0,5 log 2 x 6
86. 6 log 2 36 log 6 2
6

2
87. log 4

log

x 4 2 log 0, 25 x
2

0 , 25

88. log 0,5 log 0,5 x 4 4 0,5


2
14
10 7

89.
14
2 63 7
2
2
4
90. 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 .

17
.. : ,

1 3 -

3.. .
1;2
1.
2. .
3.
4.
3;4
5.
6.

(),

.

, b, a b
.
f (a, b, c,...,k ) g (a, b, c,...,k ) a, b, c,...,k
f (a, b, c,...,k ) g (a, b, c,...,k )
a, b, c,...,k (

( f g, f g, f g )
1
, 0, b 0, c 0, d 0 ,
a 4 b 4 c 4 d 4 4abcd
(1)
4
4
4
4
. a b c d 4abcd
. a 4 b 4 c 4 d 4 4abcd =
4
2 2
4
4
2 2
4
2 2
2 2
= (a 2 b b ) (c 2c d d ) 2a b 4abcd 2c d
2
2 2
2
2 2
2
= (a b ) (c d ) 2(ab cd ) . ,
(a 2 b 2 ) 2 (c 2 d 2 ) 2 2(ab cd ) 2
, b, c, d . ,
a 4 b 4 c 4 d 4 4abcd , ,
(1) . ,
a b c d


,

18
.. : ,

1 3 -

() . ,
, : ) 2 n 0 ; )
)

ab
ab , 0, b 0;
2

b
2
2 , ab 0; ) x dx c 0 , b 2 4ac 0 , a 0 .
b a

2
, 0, b 0, c 0, d 0 ,
1
a

(a b c d )

1 1 1
16
b c d

(2)

. 1- .

b

d
b c
b d
c d
2; 2; 2; 2; 2; 2.
b a
a
d a
c b
d b
d c
b d b c b d c d
,
12
b a a d a c b d b d c
bcd bcd bcd bcd

16 .
a
b
c
d

b c d , :

a b c d 1 1 1 1 16 .
a

, a b c d .
1 1 1 1
2- . (a b c d ) 16
a

.
1 1 1 1
a b c d 16 =

a b c d
b
d b c
b d
c d
= 1 1 1 1 16=
b a a
d a c b
d b
d c
b

d
b c
b d
c d
= 2 2 2 2 2 2=
b a
a
d a
c b
d b
d c
2
2
2
2
2
2
b a c a d b c b d c d 0
=
ab
ac
ad
bc
bd
cd

. (2) .
3
, 0, b 0, c 0 , b c 7 ,
2a 3b 4c 1 3a 4b 2c 2 4a 2b 3c 3 36

ab
ab , 0, b 0 , :
2
2 3b 4c 1 1
(2a 3b 4c 1) 1
;
2
3 4b 2c 2 1
(3a 4b 2c 2) 1
;
2

19
.. : ,

1 3 -

(3)

(4a 2b 3c 3) 1

4 2b 3c 3 1
2


2a 3b 4c 1 3a 4b 2c 2 4a 2b 3c 3

9 9b 9c 6 3
2

b c 7 , :
2a 3b 4c 1
2a 3b 4c 1

97 6 3
2
2a 3b 4c 2 4a 2b 3c 3 36
2a 3b 4c 2 4a 2b 3c 3

.

().
, ,
, , ,
.
4
1
6
6
, b , b 1
(3)
32
. , (3).
(), b 1 ,
1
6
6
b .
32
, b 1 , ( b) 6 16 ;
6 6a 5b 15a 4b 4 20a 3b 3 15a 2b 4 6ab5 b 6 1 ;
:
32 6 32b 6 6 6a 5b 15a 4b 4 20a 3b 3 15a 2b 4 6ab5 b 6 ;
31 6 31b 6 6a 5b 15a 4b 4 20a 3b 3 15a 2b 4 6ab5 0 ;
30 6 30b 6 30a 4b 2 30a 2b 4 (a 6 6a 5 b 15 a 4 b 4 20 a 3 b 3 15 a 2 b 4 6ab 5 b 6 ) 0 ;
(30 6 30 a 4 b 2 ) (30b 6 30 a 2 b 4 ) + (a b) 6 0 ;
30 a 4 ( 2 b 2 ) 30b 4 (a 2 b 2 ) + (a b) 6 0 ;
30 ( 2 b 2 )( a 4 b 4 ) + (a b) 6 0 ;
30 ( 2 b 2 ) 2 (a 2 b 2 ) + (a b) 6 0 ; ,
. ,
1
6
6
. , b
,
32
b 1 , .
,
.
20
.. : ,

1 3 -

<C.
, <B,
B<C, <B, B C B, B<C,
.
5

1
1
1
1
2 2 ...
2
2
1
2
3
n 12

(4)

n | n N .
.
n 1 (4) .
n 2 .
1
1
1

, 2 k n 1 .
2
(k 1) (k 1) (k 1)k
(k 1)

An Bn ,
An

1
1
1
1
1 1 1
1
...
2 2 ...
Bn 2
2
2
n 1 n
1 2 3
1 2 1 3 2
n 1

, An Bn
n 2 .
B n ,

1
1
1

.
(k 1)k k 1 k
1 1 1 1 1
1
1 1 1 1
Bn 2 ...

.
2
n 1
1 1 2 2 3
n 1 n n n 1

Bn 2 , ,
n . ,
n 2 , .

.

. n 1
( n , n ).
.
.
n k 1
n k ( )
6
, n N ,
1

1 1 1 1
1
n
... n
.
2 3 4 5
3 1 3

(5)

. ,
21
.. : ,

1 3 -

(5),
1 3 n 1 . n 1
1
3

1 .
, (5) n k .
Sk 1

1 1 1 1
1
k
... k
.
2 3 4 5
3 1 3

, (5) n k 1 ..
S k 1 1

1 1 1 1
1
k 1
... k 1

.
2 3 4 5
3
3 1

,
1 1
1
1
1
1 1 1
S k 1 1 ... k
k
... k 1 S k Qk ,
k k
3 1 3
3 1 3 2
3 1
2 3 4
1
1
1
1
Qk k k k
.
... k 1
3
3 1 3 2
3 1
Qk 3 k ,
1
, k 1 . ,
3

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
k
k
... k 1
k 1 k 1 k 1 ... k 1 3k k 1 .
k
3
3
3 1 3 2
3 1 3
3
3
3
3
k
1
, S k Qk .
3
3
k 1 k 1
k 1
, .. S k 1
.
S k 1 S k Qk
3 3
3
3

Qk

,
(5) n N .

1. b ab ba
2. a b c ab ac bc , a 0 , b 0 , c 0
3. 1,5(a 2 b 2 c 2 d 2 ) ab ac ad bc bd cd
4

4. a 2 b 2 c 2 a b c
5. 8 a

3
0
4

6. 1 a 1 b 1 c 8abc , a b c 1 , a 0, b 0, c 0.
7. 4 b 4 32 , a b 2
8. a1 b b1 c c1 a 6 abc , a 0, b 0, c 0.
9.

1
1
1
1
1
25

, x1 0, x2 0,..., x5 0.
x1 x 2 x3 x 4 x5 x1 x 2 x3 x 4 x5

4
4
4
2
2
2
10. a b c a bc b ac c ab .

22
.. : ,

1 3 -

11.

1
2

1
3

...

1
10

2 10 1

12. 2 a 33 b 55 ab , a 0, b 0.
abcd
a2 b2 c2 d 2

13.
4
4
4
4
14. 1 1 1 1 abcd , a 0, b 0, c 0, d 0 ..

a b c d
15. 1 a 1 b a c b c 16 abc , a 0, b 0, c 0.

16.

1
1
1
3

ab bc ac abc

a 0, b 0, c 0 .

1 1
1
1

... 2 1
4 9 16
n
2
2
2
2
18. a b c d 16 , a b c d 8 .
19. 2a 1 2b 1 2c 1 4, a b c 1 .
20. 6a 1 6b 1 6c 1 9, a b c 2 .

17.

21. 1

1 1 1 1
1
n
... n
.
2 3 4 5
6 1 6

2 2

22. 3 1 a a 1 a a
1 1 1 1
23. 1 1 1 1 16 , a b c d 1,
a b c d
2

a 0, b 0, c 0, d 0 .

24. 3 5 3 5 3 5 ... 3 5 2
( n ).
n
2n
25. . a 0 , ( n 1)
4
1
2n
2n
26. b 2 n 1 , a b 1.
2
1 1
1
1
n2
27. ...
x1 0, x2 0,..., xn 0.
x1 x2 x3
xn
x1 x2 x3 ... xn

28.

1
1
1
1

...
2 n 1
1
2
3
n

29.

1 3 5
2n 1
...

2 4 6
2n

1
2n 1

a nb
, a 0, b 0.
n 1
a b n a n b a b 0 , n 2 .

30. ab n
31.

32. 2 a n n b n 2 n 2 ab , a 0, b 0.
23
.. : ,

1 3 -

33. n n!

n 1
2

34. n n 1

2
n

, n 2 .

4n
4n
4n
4n
n
35. 2 n 1 n 2 n 1 , n 2 .
36. a b c d 4(abcd )
1 1 1 1
1
n2

37. 1 ... n2
2 3 4 5
8
1
8
n
n
38. 2 3 2 3 2

1 1
1
1 1 1 ... 1 2 n , x1 0, x2 0,..., xn 0 ,
x1 x2 x3
xn
x1 x2 x3 ... xn 1

39.

2
40. 2na 2n 1 2nb 2n 1 2nc 2n 1 n , a b c n 3 .

41.

1
1
1
1
13

...

n 1 n 2 n 3
2n 24
n
2

42. n ! n , n 2 .
43.

x1 x2 x3 ... xn n
x1 x2 x3 ... xn ,
n

x1 0, x2 0, x3 0,..., xn 0.

44. 1 1 n . 1, n 2 .
n

1
45. 2 1 3 .
n

46. -

2
2
n x1 x22 x32 ... xn2 x1 x2 x3 ... xn , xi R .

47. 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 ... n n n1 n 1 .
48. 2 3 3 4 4 5 ... n1 n n n 1
1 3 5 ... (2n 1)
1 , n 2
2 4 6 ... 2n
50 H n Gn An Qn ,
n
Hn

1
1
1

...
a1 a 2
an

49. n

1 , 2 ,..., ;
Gn n a1 a2 ... an
1 , 2 ,..., ;

a1 a 2 ... a n

n
1 , 2 ,..., ;
An

24
.. : ,

1 3 -

a12 a 22 ... a n2

n
1 , 2 ,..., .

Qn

4. -
-
2

9( xy xz yz )
k
4k 2
)
1
x ,
2
9
k
3

x y z k , k N ;
2

9k 2 16( xy xz xt yz yt zt )
k
)
1
x ,
2
16
6k
4

x y z t k , k N .

.
1.
, b d ,
x x x1 x3 ... x2 x3 x2 x4 ... xn 1 xn

2
1 1 2
x1 d ,
b

x1 x2 x3 ... xn k , k N .

2. ( )
).
2

4k 2 3( xy xz yz )
k
1
x , (1)
2
9
k
3

x y z k .

x y z k : x k y z,
2

4k 2 4( xy xz yz )
k 4k 2 4(k y z )( y z ) 4 yz 2k

k y z ,

y z ,
9
3
3
9
3
3

2
2
2
2
4k
4ky 4kz 4 y
8 yz 4 z
4 yz 4k
4ky 4kz

y2 z2

2 yz 0 ,
9
3
3
3
3
3
3
9
3
3
y 2 2 yz z 2

0 , y 2 2 yz z 2 0 , ( y z ) 2 0 ,
3
3
3

, (1) .
)
2

9k 2 16( xy xz xt yz yt zt )
k
1
x (2),
2
16
6k
4

x y z t k
25
.. : ,

1 3 -

xy xz xt yz yt zt
k
3k
( x x y z t k
(1
2
4
4
k
6
4

:
x y z t k x k y z t x.

9k 2 3
3
2
(( k y z t ) y ( k y z t ) z ( k y z t )t yz yt zt ) k y z t
16 2
4

9k 2 3
9k 2
2
2
2
(ky y yz yt kz yz z zt kt yt zt t yz yt zt )
y2 z2
16 2
16
3
3
3
t 2 2 yz 2 yt 2 zt ky kz kt
2
2
2
9k 2 3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
9k 2
ky kz kt yz yt zt y 2 z 2 t 2
y 2 z 2 t 2 2 yz 2 yt
16 2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
16
3
3
3
2 zt ky kz kt,
2
2
2
2
2
2
2 y 2 z 2t 2 yz 2 yt 2 zt 0 ,
1 2 1 2 1 2 1
1
1
y z t yz yt zt 0 ,
2
2
2
2
2
2
( y 2 2 yz z 2 ) ( y 2 2 yt t 2 ) ( z 2 2 zt t 2 ) 0 ,
( y z ) 2 ( y t ) 2 ( z t ) 2 0 , ,

(2) .
) ( )
xy xz xt xv yz yt yv zt zv tv

2
16 1
x 1 (3),
10

x y z t v 5

:
x y z t v 5 x 5 y z t v x
5 y z t v .
( 5 y z t v ) y (5 y z t v ) z ( 5 y z t v )t (5 y z t v ) v
16(1
10
yz yt yv zt zv tv
(4 y z t v ) 2
10
(5 y y 2 yz yt yv 5z yz z 2 zt zv 5t yt zt tv t 2 5v yv zv
5
2
tv v yz yt yv zt zv tv
16 8 y 8 z 8t 8v 2 yz 2 yt 2 yv 2 zt 2 zv
5
2tv y 2 z 2 t 2 v 2

16 8

5.
26
.. : ,

1 3 -

80 40 y 40 z 40t 40v 8 y 2 8 z 2 8t 2 8v 2 8 yz 8 yt 8 yv 8 zt 8 zv 8tv


80 40 y 40 z 40t 40v 10 yz 10 yt 10 yv 10 zt 10 zv 10tv 5 y 2 5z 2 5t 2 5v 2

, :
3 y 2 3z 2 3t 2 3v 2 2 yz 2 yt 2 yv 2 zt 2 zv 2tv 0
y 2 2 yz z 2 y 2 2 yt t 2 y 2 2 yv v 2 z 2 2 zt t 2 z 2 2 zv v 2 t 2 2vt v 2 0

:
( y z ) 2 ( y t ) 2 ( y v ) 2 ( z t ) 2 ( z v ) 2 (t v ) 2 0

, , (3) .
3.

( 2k ) 2
32
(3k ) 2
42

k
3
k
4

10

5 12

5
5

n2 n
2

k
n

k
n

n2 n k

2 n

.
k

3k 2
32
2

k
6
4
10 12

x x x x ... x2 x3 x2 x4 ... xn 1 xn
2
1 1 2 1 3
x1 d ,
b

k
n2 n k

k , b
,
n
2 n

n 3,

n N,

k
,
n

x1 x2 x3 ... xn k ,

kN .

4.

2
x1 x2 x1 x3 ... x2 x3 x2 x4 ... n 1 xn
k
k

k 1
x1 n (4)
2
n
n 2 n k

2 n

x1 x2 x3 ... xn k
2

:
.
27
.. : ,

1 3 -

2
x1 x2 x3 x4 ... xn x2 x3 x2 x4 ... xn 1 xn
k
2 n 1

k
2
k x2 x3 ... xn n
1
n2 n k 2

2 n

x2 x3 x4 ... xn y
2

2
2n 2 k y y x2 x3 ... xn xn 1 k 2 n 1
k n 1
2
y y2

2
nn 1k 2
1
n
n

n 12 k 2 n 12

n2

2n 1ky y 2 2n 1x2 x3 x2 x4 ... xn 1 xn


k n 1

2
y y2 0 ,
n
n
2( n 1)ky 2( n 1) y 2 2n 1 x2 x3 x2 x4 ... x n xn 1 2k n 1 y y 2 n 0 ,
n2

y 2 2n 2 n 2n 1 x 2 x3 x 2 x 4 ... x n 1 xn 0 ,

y 2 n 2 2n 1 x2 x3 x2 x 4 ... xn 1 xn 0 .

:
n 3 .
x2 x3 x4 2 4x2 x3 x2 x4 x3 x4 0 ,
2

x2 x3 x4 2 x2 x3 2 x2 x4 2 x3 x4 4 x2 x3 4 x2 x4 4 x3 x4 0 ,

- .
, n m ,
( x2 x3 ) 2 ( x3 x4 ) 2 ( x2 x 4 ) 2 0

m 2x2 x3 x4 ... xm 2 2m 2x2 x3 x2 x4 ...... xm xm1 .

, n m 1

m 1x2 x3 x4 ...... xm xm1 2 2mx2 x3 x2 x4 ....... xm xm1 .

m 1 x2 x3 x4 ... xm xm 1

2 m 1 x2 x3 x2 x4 ... xm xm 1 2 x2 x3 2 x2 x4 ...

2 xm xm 1 ,

m 1 x2 x3 x4 ... xm xm 1

2 m 2 x2 x3 x4 ... xm 2 m 1 ( x2 x3 x2 x4 ...
2

xm xm 1 ) 2 x2 x3 2 x2 x4 ..... 2 xm xm 1 ,

m 2 x2 x3 x4 ... xm1 x2 x3 x4 ... xm1 m 2 x2 x3 x4 ... xm


2
m 2 x2 x3 x4 ... xm 1 .
2

x2 x3 x4 ... xm z , ,
, :
2m 4 2m 2zxm1 m 2xm12 x22 x32 ... xm12 0 ,
2
2
2
2
2zxm1 m 2xm1 x2 x3 ... xm1 0 ,

28
.. : ,

1 3 -

( xm 1

( xm 1

( xm 1

( m -1) ...
...

...

(x

m 1

x2 ) 2 ,
x3 ) 2 ,
x4 ) 2 ,

xm ) 2

xm1 x2 2 xm1 x3 2 xm1 x4 2 ... xm1 xm 2 0 ,


, (4) .
5.

x x x1 x3 ... x2 x3 x2 x4 ... xn 1 xn

2
1 1 2
x1 d ,
b

k
n2 n k
c k , b
,

n 3,

n N,

k
,
n

x1 x2 x3 ... xn k

kN .

, b d : c k d
b

91.

2
n2 n
d 2 ; b n n k c 2
2
2


-
2
2
1
1
25
2
2
cos x

) , sin x
,
2
2
sin x
cos x
2

(sin x 0; cos x 0) .
)
1
2
sin x
sin 2

92.

93.

2n

cos2 x
cos2

2n

a ( n N ) ?
x
1
8
8
) , sin x cos x
;
128
1
2n
2n
) , sin x cos x 2 n1 (n N ) .
2
) sin 2 n x cos2 x
( n, m N ) ?
3
4
2
2
4
) , sin x sin x cos x cos x
4
29

.. : ,

1 3 -

94.

)
sin 4 n x sin 2 n x cos2 n x cos4 n x a ( n N ) ?
)
sin 4 x sin 2 m x cos2 n x cos4n x a ( n, m N ) ?
) ,
(sin x cos x 1) 2 (sin x cos x 2) 2 (sin x cos x 3) 2 20 12 2
)
(sin x cos x 1) 2 (sin x cos x 2) 2 (sin x cos x 3) 2 ... (sin x cos x n) 2 a

( n N ) ?
)
(sin x cos x 1) 2 k (sin x cos x 2) 2 k (sin x cos x 3) 2k ... (sin x cos x n) 2 k a

( n, k N ) ?
95.

4
4
) , sin x cos x sin x cos x

7
0
16

)
sin 2 n x cos2n x sin x cos x 1 a
( n N ) ?
)
sin x cos x sin x cos x 1 a
( n N ) ?
) , (tgx ctgx) 2 (tg 2 x ctg 2 x) 2 (tg 3 x ctg 3 x) 2 12
)
(tgx ctgx) 2 n (tg 2 x ctg 2 x) 2 n (tg 3 x ctg 3 x) 2 n a
( n N ) ?
)
2n

96.

2n

(tgx ctgx) 2 n (tg 2 x ctg 2 x) 2 n (tg 3 x ctg 3 x) 2 n ... (tg k x ctg k x) 2 n a

( n, k N ) ?
97.

) ,

x1 1

x2 2

x3 3

x1 x2 x3 sin cos cos 2

35
,
8

)
x1 1 x2 2 x3 3 ... xn n a ,
x1 x2 x3 ... xn sin cos cos 2 ... cos 2 n2 ( n N ) ?

30
.. : ,

1 3 -

51.

2n, n Z . 52.

2n, n Z . 53. 3;1;5 .54. 4;4 .

5
. 58. 12;8;4 . 59. 5;13;17 .
8
0,5;0,5;2,5;3,5 .61. 5 .62. 3 .
63. 12 . 64. 1;3;5 .
1;5;7 .66. 3 6n, n Z , n 3k 1, k Z .67. 4 . 68. 2;14 .
2;6 70. 2;10 .71. 1,5;2 2;2,5 .72. 2;3 3;4 .73. 2;5
2;5 . 75. 3. 76. 2 .77. log 2,5 10;4 78. ; log 3 12 5; .

55. 0,75;1 .56. 10 . 57.


60.
65.
69.
74.

20
1

6
;
10
,
5

16
;

2
79. 6. 80. 2;6 .81. 5;
.82.
.
83.
.84.
2
4
3

1
1
1
1
;7 .86. ;6 6;6 6 ; 87. 0; .
85. 7
2
12 2
16

2
88. 0; (0,5) 3 89. 8.90.
.
2

31
.. : ,

1 3 -



1. .. .1: /
; - 66. , 1998. 64.
2. .. :
11 -. - , 2010. 84.
3. ..
. . .
: - , 1995.
4. .., .., .., .., .. 2008. . -
/ .:
, 2007.
5. -2011. : : 30 /
. .. , .. . .: , 2010.
6. -2011. : : 10 /
. .. , .. . .: , 2010.
7. 2011. . / . .. , .. .
.: , 2011.
8. 2011. . / .: -, 2011.
9. .. . 1. . .
-, 2010. 203
10. 2011:
/.-. .. , .. , .. .; . .. , ..
. .: : , 2011. ( ).
11. ..
:5770 : : - , 2005. 336.
12. .., .. 2011. . 1 / .
.. , .. . .: , 2011.

32
.. : ,

1 3 -

: ,
1 3
/ 10-11 /

33
.. : ,

1 3 -