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Female Reproductive System Dr. Mubarak Bidmos Assistant Professor (Anatomy) College of Medicine Qatar University

Female Reproductive System

Female Reproductive System Dr. Mubarak Bidmos Assistant Professor (Anatomy) College of Medicine Qatar University

Dr. Mubarak Bidmos

Assistant Professor (Anatomy) College of Medicine Qatar University

mbidmos@qu.edu.qa

22 nd December 2016

Expected Learning Outcomes • Identify the organs of the female reproductive system and describe the

Expected Learning Outcomes

• Identify the organs of the female reproductive system and describe the general function of each

• Describe the functions of the vesicular follicles and corpus luteum of the ovary.

• Describe the layers of the uterine wall

• Indicate the location of the different parts of the uterus and uterine tube

• Describe the basic features of the vulva

Components of the Female Reproductive Tract GA 3.36 3

Components of the Female Reproductive Tract

GA 3.36
GA 3.36
Components of the Female Reproductive Tract GA 3.36 3

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Female Pelvic Viscera: Superior View POSTERIOR Sigmoid colon Rectum Uterine tube Ovary Uterus Urinary bladder

Female Pelvic Viscera:

Superior View

POSTERIOR Sigmoid colon Rectum Uterine tube Ovary Uterus Urinary bladder ANTERIOR
POSTERIOR
Sigmoid
colon
Rectum
Uterine
tube
Ovary
Uterus
Urinary bladder
ANTERIOR

Superior view

Sigmoid colon Rectum Uterine tube Ovary Uterus Urinary bladder ANTERIOR Superior view Uterine tube M&O27.11

Uterine tube

M&O27.11

Midsagittal section Female Pelvic Viscera: Sagittal View Gonads: B A C E D F G

Midsagittal section

Female Pelvic Viscera: Sagittal View

Gonads:

B A C E D F
B
A
C
E
D
F

G

A. Ovaries

Reproductive tract:

B. Uterine (Fallopian) tubes

C. Uterus

D.Vagina

External genitalia (vulva):

E. Vestibule

F. Labia minora

G. Labia majora

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The Ovary B D F E C A M&O28.4 A. Tunica albuginea: Dense connective tissue

The Ovary

B

D F E C
D
F
E
C

A

M&O28.4

A.

Tunica albuginea: Dense connective tissue

 

B.

Cortex: Contains follicles at different stages of development

C.

Corpus luteum: Ruptured follicle after ovulation

D.

Medulla: Highly vascularized

 
 

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E.

Ovarian ligament and F. Suspensory ligament

Ovarian Follicles: Review Primordial follicle P r i m a r y f o l

Ovarian Follicles: Review

Ovarian Follicles: Review Primordial follicle P r i m a r y f o l l

Primordial follicle

Ovarian Follicles: Review Primordial follicle P r i m a r y f o l l

Primary follicle

follicle P r i m a r y f o l l i c l e

Secondary follicle

follicle P r i m a r y f o l l i c l e

Graafian follicle

The Uterine Tubes BB CC AA DD M&O28.6 • Part of the ductal system •

The Uterine Tubes

BB CC AA DD M&O28.6
BB
CC
AA
DD
M&O28.6

• Part of the ductal system

• Functions:

– Reception of oocyte

– Site of fertilization

– Transportation of zygote

• Parts:

– Infundibulum with fimbriae

– Ampulla

– Isthmus

– Intramural

Histology of the Fallopian Tube • Simple columnar epithelium with ciliated (A) and secretory (B)

Histology of the Fallopian Tube

• Simple columnar epithelium with ciliated (A) and secretory (B) cells • Concentric smooth muscle
• Simple columnar epithelium with
ciliated (A) and secretory (B) cells
• Concentric smooth muscle layer
• Visceral peritoneum
B
A
Scanning electron micrograph of the
surface of the uterine tube
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease • Infection of the ovaries and the uterine tubes • Spread of

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease • Infection of the ovaries and the uterine tubes • Spread of infection

• Infection of the ovaries and the uterine tubes

• Spread of infection into the peritoneal cavity due to open ductal system in females

The Uterus B C A • Location: Between the urinary bladder (A) and the rectum

The Uterus

B C A
B
C
A

• Location: Between the urinary bladder (A) and the rectum (B)

• Rectouterine pouch (C) : Site of blood accumulation from ruptured ectopic pregnancy

• Functions: Reception, nourishment and retention of zygote

Gross Anatomy of the Uterus A B D E C • Subdivisions: – Fundus (A)

Gross Anatomy of the Uterus

A B D E C
A
B
D
E
C

• Subdivisions:

– Fundus (A)

– Body (B)

– Cervix (C)

• Cancer of the cervix

• Uterine wall:

– Endometrium (D)

– Myometrium (E)

– Perimetrium

Ligaments of the Uterus B A C A. Broad ligament: Holds the uterus in place

Ligaments of the Uterus

B

A
A
Ligaments of the Uterus B A C A. Broad ligament: Holds the uterus in place in

C

A. Broad ligament: Holds the uterus in place in the pelvis

B. Suspensory ligament of the ovary: Fold of peritoneum covering ovarian blood vessels

C. Round ligament of the uterus: Prevents posterior displacement of the uterus

Think Before You Reveal A 14

Think Before You Reveal

A

Think Before You Reveal A 14

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The Vagina
The Vagina

Vagina

The Vagina Vagina • Extends from the cervix to vestibule • Posterior to urethra and base

• Extends from the cervix to vestibule

• Posterior to urethra and base of bladder and anterior to rectum

• Cervix projects into vaginal canal (birth canal)

• Covered by hymen, fold of mucosa

• Histology:

– Stratified squamous non-keratinized epithelium

– Acidic environment: discourages bacterial growth

M&O28.2

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The Vagina
The Vagina

Vulva

Perineum

The Vagina V u l v a Perineum 16