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Pengertian dan Contoh Kalimat

Penggunaan Many and Much


Soal Many vs. Much

Pengertian Many dan Much


Many and much adalah kata yang dapat digunakan
sebagai determiner ataupronoun ketika membicarakan kuantitas.
Sebagai determiner, many diikuti olehcountable noun atau plural
nounsedangkan much oleh uncountable noun atau singular noun.
Sebagai subjek kalimat many dipasangkan dengan plural verb,
sedangkan muchdengan singular verb.

Contoh Kalimat Many/Much:


Fungsi

Contoh Kalimat Many/Much


Many rooms are available.
(Banyak ruangan tersedia.)

Determiner
They dont have much work experience.
(Mereka tidak punya banyak pengalaman kerja.)
Many are available.
(Banyak yang tersedia.)
Pronoun
They dont have much.
(Mereka tidak punya banyak.)

How Many and How Much


How many bersama countable noun atau plural noun, dan how
much bersamauncountable noun atau singular noun dapat
berfungsi untuk membentuk pertanyaan. Many/much dapat pula
diikuti preposition of ketika kata tersebut diikuti articles(a, an,
the), possessive (your, his, her, its), atau pronoun (them, us, you).

Contoh Kalimat How Many/Much:


1

How many children will you have?


(Berapa banyak anak yang akan kamu punya?)

How much sugar should I add to your tea?


(Berapa banyak gula yang harus saya tambahkan ke tehmu?)

How much does it cost to rent a large SUV car?


(Berapa biaya rental mobil SUV besar?)

How much of your income do you save?


(Berapa banyak pendapatan yang kamu tabung?)

How many of the couples are still able to tolerate each other?
(Berapa banyak pasangan yang masih bisa saling bertoleransi?)

How many of them has finished a Bachelors Degree?


(Berapa banyak dari mereka telah menyelesaikan Bachelors Degree?)

Understanding 5W 1H

To be a journalist 5W 1H is very important, especially wrote "lede" (somecall


it "leads") news, that one paragraph (or two paragraphs) opening news.In
approximately 35-40 words, should insert this 5W 1H. It was in writing news.
How 5W 1H in developing the story? Before plunging spaciousness journalists
should know the formula 5W 1H in English as follows:
Who is it about? = About whom?
What happened? = What happened?
Where did it take place? = Where the events occurred?
When did it take place? = When events occur?
Why did it happen? = Why it happened?
How did it happen? = How it happened?
I mean 5W 1H (who, what, where, when, why, how) in developing story ideas, not
the ancient formula Rudyard Kipling cram into the body of the story, whether it's
short story or novel, as well as writing news directly. However, developing 5W 1H
solely to develop story ideas.
There is a contemporary American novelist, I forget his name (but Allah, I tried
tracing back this name). the 5W 1H well exemplifies this developing story ideas. As
for the story idea not exemplified another question: Could a president is a serial
killer?
Simply put 5W 1H like this if you want to use to develop story ideas;
Who: who the president was, the victims of murder?
What: what was the real president
Where: any where murder that happened?
When: when the incident happened, the past or the future?
Why: why the president did serial killer?

How: how the president killed his victims one by one?

WH Question Words
We use question words to ask certain types of questions
(question word questions). We often refer to them as WH
words because they include the letters WH (for
example WHy, HoW).

question
word

function

example
sentence

asking for information


about something

What is your
name?

asking for repetition or


confirmation

What? I can't
hear you.
You did what?

what...for

asking for a reason,


asking why

What did you


do that for?

When

asking about time

When did he

What

leave?

Where

asking in or at what
place or position

Where do they
live?

Which

asking about choice

Which colour
do you want?

Who

asking what or which


person or people
(subject)

Who opened
the door?

Whom

asking what or which


person or people
(object)

Whom did you


see?

Whose

asking about ownership

Whose are
these keys?
Whose turn is
it?

Why

asking for reason,


asking what...for

Why do you
say that?

why don't

making a suggestion

Why don't I
help you?

How

asking about manner

How does this


work?

asking about condition


or quality

How was your


exam?

Wh questions (Question Words)

Question words
Question words are also called wh questions because they include the letters 'W'
and 'H'.
x
who

Meaning
Person

where Place

Examples
Who's that? That's Nancy.
Where do you live? In Boston

Reason

Why do you sleep early? Because I've got to


get up early

Time

When do you go to work? At 7:00

how

Manner

How do you go? By car

what

object, idea or action

What do you do? I am an engineer

which

Choice

Which one do you prefer? The red one.

why
when

whose Possession

Whose is this book? It's Alan's.

whom

Whom did you meet? I met the manager.

object of the verb

Description

What kind of music do you like? I like quiet


songs

what
time

Time

What time did you come home?

how
many

quantity (countable)

How many students are there? There are


twenty.

how
much

amount, price
(uncountable)

How much time have we got? Ten minutes

duration, length

How long did you stay in that hotel? For two


weeks.

frequency

How often do you go to the gym? Twice a


week.

what kind

how long
how
often

how far Distance

How far is your school? It's one mile far.

how old Age

How old are you? I'm 16.

how
come

Reason

How come I didn't see you at the party?

Asking questions
1.If you ask about the subject of the sentence, simply add the question word at
the beginning:
Example:
James writes good poems. Who writes good poems?
2.If you ask about the predicate of the sentence (the part of a sentence which
contains the verb and gives information about the subject), there are three
options:
If there is a helping (auxiliary) verb that precedes the main verb ( for
example: can, is, are, was, were, will, would...), add the question
word and invert the subject and the helping (auxiliary) verb.
Examples:
He can speak Chinese. What can he speak?
They are leaving tonight. When are they leaving?

If you ask about the predicate and there is no helping (auxiliary) verb
and the verb is "to be", simply add the question verb and invert the
subject and the verb.
Example:
The play was interesting. How was the play?
If there is no helping (auxiliary) verb in the the predicate and the
main verb is not "to be", add the auxiliary "do" in the appropriate
form.
Examples:
They go to the movies every Saturday. Where do they go every
Saturday?
He wakes up early. When does he wake up?
They sent a letter. What did they send?

Adverbs of Frequency
English Grammar Rules
We use some adverbs to describe how frequently we do an activity.
These are called adverbs of frequency and include:
Frequency

Adverb of Frequency

Example Sentence

100%

always

I always go to bed before 11pm.

90%

usually

I usually have cereal for breakfast.

80%

normally / generally

I normally go to the gym.

70%

often* / frequently

I often surf the internet.

50%

sometimes

I sometimes forget my wife's birthday.

30%

occasionally

I occasionally eat junk food.

10%

seldom

I seldom read the newspaper.

5%

hardly ever / rarely

I hardly ever drink alcohol.

0%

never

I never swim in the sea.

* Some people pronounce the 'T' in often but many others do not.

The Position of the Adverb in a Sentence


An adverb of frequency goes before a main verb (except with To Be).
Subject + adverb + main verb

I always remember to do my homework.


He normally gets good marks in exams.

An adverb of frequency goes after the verb To Be.


Subject + to be + adverb
They are never pleased to see me.
She isn't usually bad tempered.

When we use an auxiliary verb (have, will, must, might, could, would, can, etc.), the
adverb is placed between the auxiliary and the main verb. This is also true for to be.
Subject + auxiliary + adverb + main verb
She can sometimes beat me in a race.
I would hardly ever be unkind to someone.
They might never see each other again.
They could occasionally be heard laughing.

We can also use the following adverbs at the start of a sentence:


Usually, normally, often, frequently, sometimes, occasionally
Occasionally, I like to eat Thai food.
BUT we cannot use the following at the beginning of a sentence:
Always, seldom, rarely, hardly, ever, never.

We use hardly ever and never with positive, not negative verbs:
She hardly ever comes to my parties.
They never say 'thank you'.
We use ever in questions and negative statements:
Have you ever been to New Zealand?
I haven't ever been to Switzerland. (The same as 'I have never been
Switzerland').
We can also use the following expressions when we want to be more specific about
the frequency:
- every day - once a month - twice a year - four times a day - every other week