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You are on page 1of 6

6: Vectors

Vectors

1. [STPM ]

Find a vector r that is perpendicular to the vectors p = i + j and q = 2j k. Express vector w = 2j + k in

terms of p, q, and r.

[8 marks]

2

3

1

3

2

3

[Answer : r = i + j + 2k ; w = p + q + r]

2. [STPM ]

Equation of plane is given by r = j + 2k + (i 3j 2k) + (2i + j + k). Find the equation of the plane that

contains the point (0, 3, 3) and parallel to .

[6 marks]

[Answer : x + 5y 7z = 36]

3. [STPM ]

The position vector of points A and B respect to O are a = 2i 2j 9k and b = 2i + 4j + 15k respectively.

Find the vector equation for the line passes through the midpoint of AB and perpendicular to the plane OAB.

[3 marks]

4. [STPM ]

Given that origin, O and position vectors of P , Q, R, and S are 4i + 3j + 4k, 6i + j + 2k, 9j 6k and i + j + k

respectively. Find the equation of the plane OP Q.

[2 marks]

Show that the point S lies on the plane OP Q.

[4 marks]

[4 marks]

Find the acute angle between the line P R and the plane OP Q.

[5 marks]

[Answer : x + 8y 7z = 0 ; 60 ]

5. [STPM ]

Forces (4i + 3j) N, (3i + 7j) N, and (5i 6j) N act at a point. Calculate the magnitude of the resultant force

and the cosine of the angle between the resultant force and the unit vector i.

[5 marks]

[Answer : 2 5 N,

5

]

5

6. [STPM ]

Position vectors of the points P and Q relative to the origin O are 2i and 3i + 4j respectively. Find the angle

[Answer : 53.1 ]

7. [STPM ]

Given that points O, P , and Q non-colinear, R lies on the line P Q. Position vector of P , Q, and R respect to

O are p, q, and r respectively. Show that r = p + (1 )q, where is a real number.

[2 marks]

8. [STPM ]

Prove that the planes ax + by + cz = d and a0 x + b0 y + c0 z = d0 are parallel if and only if a : b : c = a0 : b0 : c0 .

Find the equation of the plane that is parallel to the plane 3x + 2y 5z = 2 and contains the point (-1, 1, 3).

[5 marks]

Find the perpendicular distance between the plane and the plane 3x + 2y 5z = 2.

[2 marks]

[Answer : 3x + 2y 5z = 16 ;

kkleemaths.com

9

38]

19

6: Vectors

9. [STPM ]

Let u = cos i + sin j and v = cos i + sin j, where i and j are perpendicular unit vectors. Show that

1

1

|u v| = sin ( ).

2

2

[5 marks]

10. [STPM ]

The vector equations of two intersecting lines are given by r = 2i+j+(i+j+2k) and r = 2i+2jk+(i+2j+k).

(a) Determine the coordinates of the point of intersection of the two lines.

[3 marks]

[4 marks]

11. [STPM ]

The line l has equation r = 2i + j + (2i + k) and the plane has equation r = i + 3j k + (2i + k) + v(i + 4j).

(a) The points L and M have coordinates (0, 1, 1) and (1, 5, 2) respectively. Show that L lies on l and M

lies on .

[3 marks]

Determine the sine of the acute angle between the line LM and the plane and the shortest distance from L to

.

[6 marks]

[Answer :

2

2

, ]

3 38 3

12. [STPM ]

4

1

If the angle between the vectors a =

and b =

is 135 , find the value of p.

8

p

[6 marks]

[Answer : 3]

13. [STPM ]

The planes 1 and 2 with equations x y + 2z = 1 and 2x + y z = 0 respectively intersect in the line l. The

point A has coordinates (1,0, 1).

(a) Calculate the acute angle between 1 and 2 .

[2 marks]

1

2

(b) Explain why the vector 1 1 is in the direction of l. Hence, show that the equation of l is

2

1

0

1

r = 1 + t 5 .

1

3

where t is a parameter.

[5 marks]

(c) Find the equation of the plane passing through A and containing l.

[3 marks]

(d) Find the equation of the plane passing through A and perpendicular to l.

[2 marks]

[3 marks]

34

]

35

14. [STPM ]

The position vectors of the points A, B, C and D, relative to an origin, are i + 3j, 5i 3j, (x 3)i 6j and

(x + 3)i respectively.

kkleemaths.com

6: Vectors

[3 marks]

[4 marks]

[Answer : (b) x = 1]

15. [STPM ]

The diagram below shows non-collinear points O, A and B, with P on the line OA such that OP : P A = 2 : 1

and Q on the line AB such that AQ : QB = 2 : 3. The lines P Q and OB produced meet at the point R. If

OA = a and OB = b,

R

P

O

2

1

(a) show that P Q = a + b,

15

5

(b) find the position vector of R, relative to O, in terms of b.

[5 marks]

[5 marks]

16. [STPM ]

Two straight lines l1 and l2 have equations 2x + 4 = 2y 4 = z 4 and 2x = y + 1 = z + 3 respectively.

Determine whether l1 and l2 intersect.

[7 marks]

[Answer : No intersecton.]

17. [STPM ]

The position vectors of the points A, B and C, with respect to the origin O, are a, b and c respectively. The

points L, M , P and Q are the midpoints of OA, BC, OB, and AC respectively.

1

1

(a) Show that the position vector of any point on the line LM is a + (b + c a) for some scalar , and

2

2

express the position vector of any point on the line P Q in terms of a, b and c.

[6 marks]

(b) Find the position vector of the point of intersection of the line LM and the line P Q.

[Answer : (a)

[4 marks]

1

1

1

b + (a + c b) ; (b) (a + b + c)]

2

2

4

18. [STPM ]

Find the equation of the plane which is parallel to the plane 3x + 2y 6z 24 = 0 and passes through the point

(1, 0, 0). Hence, determine the distance between these two planes.

[6 marks]

[Answer : 3x + 2y 6z 3 = 0 , 3]

19. [STPM ]

0

1

The points A and B lie on the line r = 3 + 1, and the distance of each point is three units from the

6

4

origin O.

kkleemaths.com

6: Vectors

[6 marks]

[3 marks]

20. [STPM ]

(a) Find the equation of line l1 , passing through points A and B, where the position vectors of points A and B

are a and b respectively.

[1 marks]

(b) R is a point on the line l1 in (a). If point C has position vector c,

ii. prove that CR AB = a b + b c + c a,

[1 marks]

[3 marks]

21. [STPM ]

Find the coordinates of the point P on the line

x

y1

z3

=

=

which is closest to the point Q(9, 4, 3).

5

1

2

[6 marks]

22. [STPM ]

The line l has the equation

x+7

y4

z5

=

=

and the plane has the equation 4x 2y 5z = 8.

1

3

2

[5 marks]

(b) Find the equation of the plane that is perpendicular to the plane and contains the points Q(2, 0, 3) and

R(2, 1, 7).

[6 marks]

[Answer : (a) parallel. (b) x + 12y 4z = 14]

23. [STPM ]

The position vectors of three non-collinear points B, C and D relative to the origin O are b, c and d respectively.

If b (c d) = 0 and c (d b) = 0, show that BC is perpendicular to OD.

[4 marks]

24. [STPM ]

1

0

5

1

3

The line r = 2 + p is perpendicular to the plane r = 0 + s 1 + t 1, where p and q are

3

2

1

q

1

constants.

(a) Determine the values of p and q.

[5 marks]

(b) Using the values of p and q in (a), find the position vector of the point of intersection of the line and the

plane.

[5 marks]

[Answer : (a) p = 2, q = 5 ; (b) 4i + 4k]

25. [STPM ]

Find the equation of the plane which contains the straight line x 3 =

the plane 3x + 2y z = 3.

y4

z+1

=

and is perpendicular to

3

2

[6 marks]

[Answer : x y + z = 2]

kkleemaths.com

6: Vectors

26. [STPM ]

The position vectors a, b and c of three points A, B and C respectively are given by

a = i + j + k,

b = i + 2j + 3k,

c = i 3j + 2k.

(a) Find a unit vector parallel to a + b + c.

[3 marks]

[3 marks]

[2 marks]

(d) Determine the position vector of the point D which is such that ABCD is a parallelogram having BD as a

diagonal.

[3 marks]

(e) Calculate the area of the parallelogram ABCD.

[4 marks]

1

5

27. [STPM ]

Show that the point A(2, 0, 0) lies on both planes 2x y + 4z = 4 and x 3y 2z = 2. Hence, find the vector

equation of the line of intersection of both planes.

[5 marks]

[Answer : r = 2i + (14i + 8j 5k)]

28. [STPM ]

A tetrahedron OABC has a base OAB and a vertex C, with OA = 2i+j+k, OB = 4ij+3k and OC = 2ij3k.

[3 marks]

(b) Calculate, to the nearest 0.1 , the angle between the edge AC and base OAB of the tetrahedron. [5 marks]

(c) Calculate the area of the base OAB and the volume of the tetrahedron.

[7 marks]

14

14,

]

3

29. [STPM ]

Three vectors a = pi + qj, b = 5i + j and c = 4i + 7j are such that a and b are perpendicular and the scalar

product of a and c is 78.

(a) Determine the values of p and q.

[4 marks]

[3 marks]

30. [STPM ]

A parallelepiped for which OABC, DEF G, ABF E and OCGD are rectangles is shown in the diagram below.

kkleemaths.com

6: Vectors

The unit vectors i and j are parallel to OA and OC respectively, and the unit vector k is perpendicular to the

plane OABC, where O is the origin. The vectors OA, OB and OD are 4i, 4i + 3j and i + 5k respectively.

13 35

(a) Show that cos BEG =

.

[6 marks]

175

(b) Calculate the area of the triangle AEG.

[6 marks]

(c) Find the equation of the plane AEG.

[3 marks]

[Answer : (b)

kkleemaths.com

1

634 ; (c) 15x + 20y 3z = 60]

2

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