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MAGNETIC PARTICLE EXAMINATION PROCEDURE

INDEX

1. SCOPE.
2. PERSONNEL QUALIFICATION.
3. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS.
4. EQUIPMENT.
5. SURFACE PREPARATION.
6. MAGNETIZATION.
7. METHOD OF EXAMINATION.
8. INTERPRETATION.
9. ACCEPTANCE STANDARD.
10.
DE MAGNETIZATION.
11.
POST INSPECTION CLEANING.
12.
REPORT.

Prepared By

JAYESH PRAJAPATI
ASNT LEVEL III (UT RT MT)
CWI-AWS
1. Scope
This Procedure shall be employed for the magnetic particle
examination of the casting of the valves Body. Cover and Door of
Ferromagnetic material and its alloy with visible or dry or wet(nonfluorescent) method.
The describes to the ability to detect imperfections which depends on
the angle of its major axis with respect to the direction of the magnetic
field. To ensure detection of imperfections in all orientations, the area
of interest shall be magnetized in two directions approximately
perpendicular to each other.
2. Personnel Qualification
The personnel employed for the examination shall be certified to NDT
Level-II(Magnetic Particle Testing) in accordance with ASNT SNT TC 1A.

3. Reference Documents
A) ASME Section V article 7 Magnetic Particle Examination Edition
2007.
B) ASME SE -709 of Article 25 of Section VStandard Guide for
Magnetic Particle Examination.
C) ASME B 16.34.
D) API 6D/600/608/609.
E) ASME Sec. VIII Div.-I, App.-6.
4. Equipment
Electromagnetic Yoke shall be used having following characteristics:
A) Lifting Capacity:- 18 kg. in DC/for AC Current lifting
capacity-4.5 kg.at maximum pole spacing.
B) Type of Current:- AC/HWDC.
C) Type of Yoke:- Articulated C Type adjustable-Pole spacing.
D) Light intensity of 1000 Lux shall be used and Light meter,
Pie Gauge as field indicator.
Blower for Dry Visible Method

5. Surface Preparation
The surface to be examined and all adjacent area to the casting
within at least 1 shall be clean and free from Oil, Grease, Sand Lint,
Scale, Paint and Contamination which could interfere with mobility
of Magnetic particle/mask the indications/create false indications.
The test surface shall not be excessively rough. In case of any doubt
light grinding of the surface may be carried out to determine the
actual indication.
6. Magnetization
Magnetizing Technique
Each area of casting shall be examined by magnetizing it in four
Directions 0, 90, 180, 270 Degrees. The direction of Magnetization
shall be at approximately 90 Degrees to the weld axis. Two legs of
Yoke shall be adjusted to provide the maximum coverage of the

surface area but the maximum spacing between two legs shall not
exceed 150 mm.
Effectiveness of the procedure shall be verified by placing Pie Gauge
field indicator in the cast area approximately equidistant from the
yoke poles. With the Exception of the Pie Gauge. Discontinuity
parallel to the field,all other discontinuity shall be clearly seen.
Pie shaped Magnetic Particle field indicator with Yoke technique shall
be positioned on the surface to be examined such that the copper
plated side is always away from the inspected surface. Suitable field
strength is indicated when a clearly defined line(lines) of Magnetic
particles for across the copper face of the indicator when the
magnetic particles are applied simultaneously with the magnetizing
source. Each length tested shall be visually examined carefully for
any indication.

7. Method of Examination
Examination shall be performed by continuous method, that is
magnetizing field shall remain on while magnetic media is applied
and while excess medium is being removed. Wet medium shall be
applied to the surface by flowing, blowing or pouring to provide
abundant source of Magnetic Particle.
8. Interpretation
All observation of indication shall be done when the magnetizing
current is on. Any indication that is believed to be non-relevant or
false shall be regarded as relevant until the indication is reexamined for verification whether or not actual discontinuity is
present.
The indication shall be evaluated for their nature and severity.
Indication interpreted to be lack of fusion or crack or undercuts shall
Not be accepted.
The final acceptance of any type of indication shall be decided by
the Customer or Purchaser specification.
The interpretation and acceptance of indications shall be as per the
Applicable Code of Construction, Specifications & Drawings.

9. Acceptance Standard
Acceptance according to ASME B.16.34
Maximum acceptable indications are as follows:
A. Linear Indications
(1)8 mm (0.3 in.) long for materials up to 13 mm (.05 in.) Thick.
(2)13mm (0.5 in.) long for materials 13 mm to 25 mm(0.5 in. to
1.0 in.) Thick.
(3)18 mm (0.7 in.) long for materials over 25 mm (1.0 in.) Thick.
For linear indications, the indications must be separated by a
distance greater than the length of an acceptable indication. A
linear indication is one with length in excess of 3 times the Width.
B. Rounded Indications
(1)8 mm (0.3 in.) diameter for materials up to 13 mm (0.5 in.)
Thick.
(2)13 mm (0.5 in.) diameter for materials over 13 mm (0.5 in.)
Thick.
Four or more rounded indication in a line separated by 1.5 mm
(0.06 in.) or less edge-to-edge are un-acceptable. Rounded
indications are those that are not defined as linear indications.
Acceptable According to ASME Sec.-VIII Div.-1,App-6
All surfaces to be examined shall be free of:
a. Relevant linear indications.
b. Relevant rounded indications greater than 5 mm.
c. Four or more relevant indications in a line separated by 1.5
mm or less , edge to edge.
10.

De Magnetization

This is generally not required to be done. If required on completion


of testing and interpretation the part shall be demagnetized.
11.

Post Inspection Cleaning

Post test cleaning shall be carried out where magnetic particle metal
could interfere with subsequent processing or with service
requirement.

12.

Report

The indication detected shall be recorded describing their shape,


size and location with sufficient detail so that same can be located
in future from Recorded information.
The examination report shall include the following
Name of Manufacturer.
Name of Purchaser.
Project No., Job No., Weld Seam No.
Date and Place of Inspection.
Reference to the accepted standard and Approved
Procedure.
The Position of Inspection stage in Manufacturing process.
The Surface Finish.
The Equipment used.
The Magnetization used.
The Testing Media and Material Used.
The Reference of Inspection.
The Interpretation of Observations with Sketches.