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Math 55 3rd LE Exercises

1. Write out the ﬁrst few terms of each series to show how the series starts. Then ﬁnd the sum of the series.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

n=0

+

+

1 n + (1) n

2

5

n

5

n

n=0 2 n+1

+

tan 1 (n) tan 1 (n + 1)

n=1

+

n=1

(2n 1)(2n + 1)

6

2. Determine

the

convergence/divergence

the following series.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

(k)

(l)

n=1

+

+

n n

2

n=1 ln n

n

n=1

+

+

2n 1

1

n + 1

2

n

n

1

n=1

+

n=1 n tan

n=1

+

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

e

e 2n

n

1 +

1

n 3 + 2

1

ln (ln n)

(ln n) 2

n 3

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

1

(1 + (ln n) 2 )

1 n

n 2 n

sin 1

n

n=1

of

1

(m)

(n)

(o)

(p)

(q)

(r)

(s)

(t)

(u)

(v)

(w)

(x)

(y)

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

10n + 1

n(n + 1)(n + 2)

1

n

n

n

1

1 + 2 + 3 + ··· + n

n

2

2

n

n!e n

n=1

+

n 10

10

n

n=1

+

2 + (1) n

1.25

n

3

n n

n=1

+

n=1 1

+

ln n

n

3

n=1

+

n=1

+

2

1

1

n

n

(n

+ 1)(n + 2)

n!

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

(n

+ 3)!

3! n! 3 n

n! (2n + 1)!

3. Which of the alternating series below con- verge and which diverge?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

+

n=1 (1) n+1

10 n

n

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

(1) n+1

1

ln n

(1) n+1 ln ln n n 2

(1) n+1 n n + + 1 1

4. Which of the following series converge ab-

solutely, which converge conditionally, and

which diverge?

swers.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

(k)

(l)

(m)

(n)

(o)

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

(1) n 1

n

(1) n+1

n n 3 + 1

(1) n

1

n + 3

(1) n+1 5 3 + + n n

(1) n+1 1 + n

n

2

(1) n n 2 (2/3) n

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

(1) n tan 1 n

n 2 + 1

(1) n

n

n + 1

(100) n

n!

(1) n1

n 2 + 2n + 1

cosnπ

n n

(1) n (n + 1) n

(2n) n

(1) n (2n)!

2 n n! n

(1) n n + 1 n

n=1

+

n=1 (1) n n + n n

5. (a) Find the series’ radius and interval of convergence. For what values of x does the series converge (b) absolutely, (c) condition- ally?

+

(a)

n=0

(1) n (4x + 1) n

2

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

(k)

(l)

+

n=0

+

n=0

+

n=1

+

n=0

+

(x 2) n

10

n

nx n n + 2

x

n

n n 3 n

(1) n x n n!

x 2n+1

n!

n=0

+

x

n

n 2 + 3

n(x + 3) n

5

n

n n

1

n=0

+

n=1

+

n=1 1 +

x

n

+

n=1

+

n=1

+

n=1

(1) n+1 (x + 2) n n 2 n

(x + π) n

n

(4x 5) 2n+1

n 3/2

6. Find the Taylor polynomials of orders 1, 2 and 3 generated by f at x = a

(a)

(b)

f (x) = sin x, a = π/4

f (x) = x + 4, a = 0

7. Find the Maclaurin series expansion of the following functions.

 (a) e −5x (b) 1 1 + x (c) 7 cos(−x) (d) cosh x = e x + e −x 2 (e) x 1 − x (f) cos √ x (g) xe x x 2 (h) 2 − 1 + cos x (i) x cos πx (j) x 2 1 − 2x

8. Find the Taylor series expansion of the fol- lowing functions at x = a.

(a)

(b) f (x) = x 4 + x 2 + 1, a = 2

f (x) = x 3 2x + 4, a = 2

(c)

(d)

1

x 2 , a = 1

f (x) =

f (x) = 2 x , a = 1

9. SAMPLE EXAM

(a) Determine whether the sequence/series is convergent/divergent.

i.

tan 1 n

n

1

+

ii. n=1 tan 1 n

iii.

n=1 1

+

3 n/2

+

+

n=1

n

1

n

1

3

iv.

v.

vi.

+

n=1

+

n=0

+

n=2

n 5 + n 4 n 7 + n 3 n + 1

e

n 2

1

n(ln n) 2

(b) Consider

the

telescoping

k=1

2k 1 2k + 1 .

5

5

series

i. Find the nth partial sum s n of the series.

3

ii. Use your answer in the previous item to ﬁnd the sum S of the se- ries.

(c) For the power series

i. determine

gence,

its

+

(x 1) n

3 n n

of

,

n=1

conver-

ii. ﬁnd the interval of convergence,

iii. state clearly whether the series converges absolutely, converges conditionally or diverges at the endpoints of the interval obtained in the previous item.

(d)

(e)

Diﬀerentiate the identity

1

3(1 3x) =

+

n=0

3 n1 x n ,

where |x| < 1 3 , to obtain a power series

representation for

1

(1 3x) 2 .

Find the Maclaurin series expansion of

f(x) = e 2x and then use this to ﬁnd the

sum of

+

n=0

(2 ln 2) n n!

.

(f) Consider the function f (x) = ln(1 + x) with |x| < 1.

i. Find the third degree Taylor poly- nomial of f at 0.