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Engine Electrical Systems

1. Using a digital multimeter, a fully charged 12 volt battery should indicate how much voltage
on the open circuit voltage (OCV) test?
A. 4 volts per cell
B. 12.6 volts
C. 9.6 volts
D. 1 volt per cell

2. A vehicle equipped with a V-8 engine doesn't crank fast enough to start. Technician A says
the battery could be discharged or defective. Technician B says that the negative cable could be
loose at the battery. Which technician is correct?
A. Both Technician A and Technician B
B. Technician B only
C. Neither Technician A nor Technician B
D. Technician A only

3. Two technicians are discussing a battery's state of charge. Technician A says a specific
gravity of 1.225 at 80F indicates that a battery's state of charge is approximately 75%.
Technician B says you can use a hydrometer to check battery state of charge on a maintenance
free battery. Which technician is correct?
A. Technician B only
B. Both Technician A and Technician B
C. Neither Technician A nor Technician B
D. Technician A only

4. The alternator output current is produced in the


A. rectifier bridge.
B. brushes.
C. rotor.
D. stator.

5. Battery electrolyte is a mixture of water and


A. sulfur dioxide.
B. lead peroxide.
C. lead sulfate.
D. sulfuric acid.

6. Which battery rating is tested at 0F (18C)?


A. Cold-cranking amperes (CCA)
B. Reserve capacity
C. Battery voltage test
D. Cranking amperes (CA)

7. You're using the DMM leads to measure the voltage drop between the battery terminal (red
lead) and the cable end (black lead) as shown in the figure. The voltage drop across the battery
terminal to the battery cable end should be less than _______ volts.

A. 0.2

B. 0.7
C. 2
D. 4

8. How much current flows through the alternator brushes?


A. 510 A
B. 2535 A, depending on the vehicle
C. 25 A
D. 1015 A

9. Permanent magnets are commonly used for what part of the starter?
A. Commutator
B. Solenoid
C. Field coils
D. Armature

10. Why should the lights be turned on when checking for ripple voltage or AC current from the
alternator?
A. To test the battery before conducting other tests
B. To warm the battery
C. To check that the battery is fully charged
D. To create an electrical load for the alternator

11. Most original equipment manufacturers require the _______ tester, shown in the figure, to
be used to test batteries.
A. conductance
B. parasitic load
C. load
D. voltage

12. Which of the following statements is true of recombinant batteries?


A. They're vented to release gassing.
B. They're able to produce a higher voltage.
C. They recombine sulfuric acid.
D. They recombine oxygen.

13. An absorbed glass mat battery differs from a conventional flooded battery in what way?
A. It doesn't use an electrolyte.
B. It doesn't use lead.
C. Electrolyte is absorbed into the glass separator and won't spill.
D. The individual cells contain voltage sensors to prolong battery life.

14. An acceptable charging circuit voltage on a 12-volt system is


A. 12.6 to 15.6 volts.
B. 10 to 12.5 volts.
C. 13.5 to 15 volts.
D. 12 to 14 volts.

15. To check for ripple voltage from the alternator, connect a digital multimeter and select
A. DC volts.
B. AC volts.
C. DC amps.
D. AC amps.

16. Technician A says that dynamic voltage is the voltage (usually of a battery) that exists
without a load being applied. Technician B says that open circuit voltage (OCV) is the voltage of
the power source (battery) with the circuit in operation. Who is correct?
A. Both Technicians A and B
B. Technician B
C. Technician A
D. Neither Technician A nor B

17. What is the maximum allowable AC current in amperes that may be sent to the battery from
the alternator?
A. 3 to 4 A
B. 1 to 3 A
C. 10% of the rated output of the alternator
D. 40% of the rated output of the alternator

18. The brushes in an alternator are used to transfer electrical power between what parts?
A. Armature and solenoid
B. The commutator segments
C. Field coils and armature
D. Solenoid and field coils

19. The most common location for a hybrid vehicle high-voltage battery pack is under
A. the passenger side floorboards.
B. or behind the rear cargo area.
C. the hood.
D. or behind the rear seat.

20. Which of the following makes a battery "low-maintenance" or "maintenance-free"?


A. The hydrochloric solution that makes up the electrolyte
B. The use of porous, nonconducting separators
C. The smaller size of the battery plates
D. The alloy used to construct the grids