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12/21/2016

HW#1

HW#1

Due:11:59amonTuesday,December6,2016

Youwillreceivenocreditforitemsyoucompleteaftertheassignmentisdue.GradingPolicy

Problem 20.1

Thewavespeedonastringis145

m /s

N

whenthetensionis75.0 .

PartA

Whattensionwillgiveaspeedof180

m/s

?

Expressyouranswerwiththeappropriateunits.

ANSWER:

116 N

Correct

Standard Expression for a Traveling Wave

LearningGoal:

Tounderstandthestandardformulaforasinusoidaltravelingwave.

Oneformulaforawavewithaydisplacement(e.g.,ofastring)travelinginthexdirectionis

y (x, t) = A sin(kx ωt)

.

Allthequestionsinthisproblemrefertothisformulaandtothewaveitdescribes.

PartA

Whichofthefollowingareindependentvariables?

Hint1.Whatareindependentvariables?

Independentvariablesarethosethatarefreelyvariedtocontrolthevalueofthefunction.Theindependentvariables

typicallyappearonthehorizontalaxisofaplotofthefunction.

ANSWER:

12/21/2016
x
only
t
only
A
only
k
only
ω
only
x
and t
ω
and t
A
and k and ω

HW#1

Correct

PartB

Whichofthefollowingareparametersthatdeterminethecharacteristicsofthewave?

Hint1.Whatareparameters?

Parametersareconstantsthatdeterminethecharacteristicsofaparticularfunction.Forawavetheseincludethe

amplitude,frequency,wavelength,andperiodofthewave.

ANSWER:
x
only
t
only
A
only
k
only
ω
only
x
and t
ω
and t
A
and k and ω

Correct

PartC

Whatisthephase

ϕ( x, t)

ofthewave?

Expressthephaseintermsofoneormoregivenvariables( , , , ,and )andanyneededconstantslike .

x

ω

π

A

k

t

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HW#1

Hint1.Definitionofphase

Thephaseistheargumentofthetrigfunction,whichisexpressedinradians.

ANSWER:

 ϕ( x, t) = kx − ωt Correct

PartD

Whatisthewavelength ofthewave?

Expressthewavelengthintermsofoneormoregivenvariables( , , , ,and )andanyneededconstantslike

λ

A

k

x

t

ω

π

.

Hint1.Findingthewavelength

Considertheformofthewaveattime

wavelengthisthexpositionatwhichthewavenextcrossestheyaxis,slopingupward(i.e.,thelengthofone

completecycleofoscillation).

t = 0

.Thewavecrossestheyaxis,slopingupwardat

x = 0

.The

ANSWER:
λ = 2π
k

Correct

PartE

Whatistheperiod ofthiswave?

Expresstheperiodintermsofoneormoregivenvariables( , , , ,and )andanyneededconstantslike .

ANSWER:

T

A

k

x

t

ω

π

T =

f

Incorrect;TryAgain;2attemptsremaining

PartF

Whatisthespeedofpropagation ofthiswave?

Expressthespeedofpropagationintermsofoneormoregivenvariables( , , , ,and )andanyneeded

constantslike .

v

A

k

x

t

ω

π

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HW#1

Hint1.Howtofind

v

Ifyou'vedonethepreviouspartsofthisproblem,youhavefoundthewavelengthandtheperiodofthiswave.The

speedofpropagationisafunctionofthesetwoquantities:

v = λ/T

.

ANSWER:
ω
v =
k

Correct

Conceptual Question 20.4

Thefigureshowsasnapshotgraphandahistorygraphforawave

pulseonastretchedstring.Theydescribethesamewavefromtwo

perspectives.

PartA

Inwhichdirectionisthewavetraveling?

ANSWER:
totheright
totheleft

Correct

PartB

Whatisthespeedofthiswave?

Expressyouranswerwiththeappropriateunits.

ANSWER:

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v = 200 c m
s

HW#1

Correct

Problem 20.03

PartA

Theverticaldisplacementy(x,t)ofastringstretchedalongthehorizontalx­axisisgivenbyy(x,t)=(6.00mm)cos[(3.25m ­

1 )x­(7.22rad/s)t].

(a)Whatistheminimumtimeforeachcompletecycleofthewave?

ANSWER:
s

PartB

(b)Whatisthedistancebetweenadjacentcrestsofthewave?

ANSWER:

20.42

m

Incorrect;TryAgain;5attemptsremaining

PartC

(c)Howfastdoesthiswavetravel?

ANSWER:
m/s

ScoreSummary:

Yourscoreonthisassignmentis68.2%.

Youreceived2.73outofapossibletotalof4points.