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UNIVERSITY of LIMERICK

OLLSCOIL LUIMNIGH

MODULE CODE : MB5003

DURATION: 2 12 hours

GRADING SCHEME:

Examination: 60%

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:

Candidates must attempt ALL questions for full marks.

There are useful formulae at the back of the exam paper.

All questions do not carry equal marks .

worth 5 marks)

1. Consider a curve with parametric denition r (t) = (t2 ; t; 0) ; 0

4:

[2 marks]

(b) Find a tangent vector at each point to the curve.

[1 mark]

(c) Prove that the curve r (t) is smooth.

[2 marks]

2. Let f (x; y; z) = xy 2 z 3 + 5 and v (x; y; z) = (x cos x; x + yz; x2 yz) be a scalar and vector

eld, respectively. Compute rf; r v;r v:

[1, 2, 2,mark]

3. Use Taylors theorem to nd a rst order approximation for f (2:4; 3:5) based on the

quantities estimated at the point (2; 4) if f (x; y) = x2 y 2 + 4:

[5 marks]

4. Evaluate the repeated integral

R 2 R 1=2

0

x=2

xy dy dx:

[5 marks]

5. Find the directional derivative of f (x; y; z) = xy 2 z at the point (3; 2; 1) in the direction

i + 2j k.

[5 marks]

worth 25 marks)

1. Suppose that r (t) = [x (t) ; y (t) ; z (t)] is the parametric denition of a curve in space.

(a) Find a tangent vector to the curve, r (t), at any point.

[3 marks]

(b) Dene the terms arclength, intrinsic equation and curvature.

[3 marks]

(c) Sketch the line in the xy plane ( z = 0) through the points (0; 0; 0) and ( 1; 2; 0) :

[2 marks]

(d) Hence, nd a parametric representation r ( ) = [x ( ) ; y ( ) ; z ( )]

through the points (0; 0; 0) and ( 1; 2; 0) :

[5 marks]

[2 marks]

(f) Find an expression for the arclength along this line measured from (0; 0; 0) :

[4 marks]

(g) Using the expression for arclength, write down the intrinsic equation of this curve.

[2 marks]

(h) Find the curvature of the curve. Justify the result.

[3 marks]

(i) State the radius of curvature of the curve.

[1 mark]

2. (a) If p

(x; y; z) = xz + 6y 2 4xyz + 20xz 2 ; evaluate

z = x; y = 0 from (1; 0; 1) to (4; 0; 2) :

[7 marks]

x; x = 4; y = 1:

[2 marks]

ii. Write down a repeated integral representing the area of this region.

[2 marks]

iii. Evaluate the integral.

[4 marks]

(c) Write down a triple integral (using Cartesian coordinates) which represents the volume of the cylinder x2 + y 2 = 25; 0 z 8::

[4 marks]

(d) By transformation to polar coordinates, evaluate the integral from part (c).

[6 marks]

3. Consider a sphere dened as x2 + y 2 + z 2 = 25:

(a) Using Cartesian coordinates, write down a triple integral representing the volume of

the sphere. (Do not evaluate the integral).

[4 marks]

(b) Show that the Jacobian for spherical coordinates is given by jJj = r2 sin :

[7 marks]

(c) Hence, evaluate the triple integral from part (a) using spherical coordinates.

[7 marks]

(d) Using integration, calculate the surface area of the spherical surface.

[7 marks]

Useful formulae

1. Arclength for the curve r (t) = [x (t) ; y (t) ; z (t)] is

s

Z t

2

dy

dx

s (t) =

+

dt

dt

t0

dz

dt

dt:

2. Taylor series:

f (x; y)

f (x0 ; y0 ) + h

@f

@x

+k

(x0 ;y0 )

3. Jacobian:

@ (x; y; z)

jJj =

=

@ (u; v; w)

@f

@y

@x

@u

@y

@u

@z

@u

+ O h2 ; k 2 :

(x0 ;y0 )

@x

@v

@y

@v

@z

@v

@x

@w

@y

@w

@z

@w

x = r cos ; y = r sin :

Jacobian determinant for polars: jJj = r:

5. Cylindrical polar coordinates:

x = r cos ; y = r sin ; z = z:

Jacobian determinant for cylindrical polars: jJj = r:

6. Spherical polar coordinates:

x = r cos sin ; y = r sin sin ; z = r cos ; 0

Jacobian determinant for spherical polars: jJj = r2 sin :

7. Surface element:

dS = jru

if r (u; v) denes the surface parametrically.

rv j du dv;

; 0

2 :

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