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# National Centre for Excellence in Mathematics and Science

## Teaching and Learning

UNIVERSITY of LIMERICK
OLLSCOIL LUIMNIGH

## AUTUMN ASSESSMENT PAPER

MODULE CODE : MB5003

## MODULE TITLE: Calculus 03

DURATION: 2 12 hours

Examination: 60%

## EXTERNAL EXAMINER: Mr Michael Foreman

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:
Candidates must attempt ALL questions for full marks.
There are useful formulae at the back of the exam paper.
All questions do not carry equal marks .

## Section A: Attempt ALL questions (Each question is

worth 5 marks)
1. Consider a curve with parametric denition r (t) = (t2 ; t; 0) ; 0

4:

## (a) Sketch the curve r (t) :

[2 marks]
(b) Find a tangent vector at each point to the curve.
[1 mark]
(c) Prove that the curve r (t) is smooth.
[2 marks]
2. Let f (x; y; z) = xy 2 z 3 + 5 and v (x; y; z) = (x cos x; x + yz; x2 yz) be a scalar and vector
eld, respectively. Compute rf; r v;r v:
[1, 2, 2,mark]
3. Use Taylors theorem to nd a rst order approximation for f (2:4; 3:5) based on the
quantities estimated at the point (2; 4) if f (x; y) = x2 y 2 + 4:
[5 marks]
4. Evaluate the repeated integral

R 2 R 1=2
0

x=2

xy dy dx:
[5 marks]

5. Find the directional derivative of f (x; y; z) = xy 2 z at the point (3; 2; 1) in the direction
i + 2j k.
[5 marks]

## Section B: Attempt ALL questions (Each question is

worth 25 marks)
1. Suppose that r (t) = [x (t) ; y (t) ; z (t)] is the parametric denition of a curve in space.
(a) Find a tangent vector to the curve, r (t), at any point.
[3 marks]
(b) Dene the terms arclength, intrinsic equation and curvature.
[3 marks]
(c) Sketch the line in the xy plane ( z = 0) through the points (0; 0; 0) and ( 1; 2; 0) :
[2 marks]
(d) Hence, nd a parametric representation r ( ) = [x ( ) ; y ( ) ; z ( )]
through the points (0; 0; 0) and ( 1; 2; 0) :

[5 marks]

## (e) Find a tangent vector to this curve at any point.

[2 marks]
(f) Find an expression for the arclength along this line measured from (0; 0; 0) :
[4 marks]
(g) Using the expression for arclength, write down the intrinsic equation of this curve.
[2 marks]
(h) Find the curvature of the curve. Justify the result.
[3 marks]
(i) State the radius of curvature of the curve.
[1 mark]

2. (a) If p
(x; y; z) = xz + 6y 2 4xyz + 20xz 2 ; evaluate
z = x; y = 0 from (1; 0; 1) to (4; 0; 2) :

[7 marks]

x; x = 4; y = 1:

## i. Sketch this region.

[2 marks]
ii. Write down a repeated integral representing the area of this region.
[2 marks]
iii. Evaluate the integral.
[4 marks]
(c) Write down a triple integral (using Cartesian coordinates) which represents the volume of the cylinder x2 + y 2 = 25; 0 z 8::
[4 marks]
(d) By transformation to polar coordinates, evaluate the integral from part (c).
[6 marks]
3. Consider a sphere dened as x2 + y 2 + z 2 = 25:
(a) Using Cartesian coordinates, write down a triple integral representing the volume of
the sphere. (Do not evaluate the integral).
[4 marks]
(b) Show that the Jacobian for spherical coordinates is given by jJj = r2 sin :
[7 marks]
(c) Hence, evaluate the triple integral from part (a) using spherical coordinates.
[7 marks]
(d) Using integration, calculate the surface area of the spherical surface.
[7 marks]

Useful formulae
1. Arclength for the curve r (t) = [x (t) ; y (t) ; z (t)] is
s
Z t
2
dy
dx
s (t) =
+
dt
dt
t0

dz
dt

dt:

2. Taylor series:
f (x; y)

f (x0 ; y0 ) + h

@f
@x

+k
(x0 ;y0 )

3. Jacobian:
@ (x; y; z)
jJj =
=
@ (u; v; w)

@f
@y

@x
@u
@y
@u
@z
@u

+ O h2 ; k 2 :
(x0 ;y0 )

@x
@v
@y
@v
@z
@v

@x
@w
@y
@w
@z
@w

## 4. Plane polar coordinates:

x = r cos ; y = r sin :
Jacobian determinant for polars: jJj = r:
5. Cylindrical polar coordinates:
x = r cos ; y = r sin ; z = z:
Jacobian determinant for cylindrical polars: jJj = r:
6. Spherical polar coordinates:
x = r cos sin ; y = r sin sin ; z = r cos ; 0
Jacobian determinant for spherical polars: jJj = r2 sin :
7. Surface element:
dS = jru
if r (u; v) denes the surface parametrically.

rv j du dv;

; 0

2 :