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Molecular Molecular Biology Biology of of the the Cell Cell

Fifth Fifth Edition Edition

Chapter Chapter 16 16

The The Cytoskeleton Cytoskeleton

Copyright © Garland Science 2008

Figure 16-1 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-1 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-2 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-2 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-3 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-3 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-4 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-4 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-5 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-5 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-6 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-6 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-7 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-7 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-8 (part 1 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-8 (part 1 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-8 (part 2 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-8 (part 2 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-9 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-9 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-10 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-10 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-10a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-10a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-10b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-10b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-11 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-11 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-12 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-12 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-13 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-13 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-14a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-14a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-14b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-14b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-15 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-15 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-16a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-16a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-16b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-16b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-16c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-16c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-17 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-17 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-18 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-18 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-19 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-19 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Table 16-1 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Table 16-1 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-20 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-20 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-21 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-21 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-21a,b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-21a,b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-21c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-21c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-22 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-22 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Table 16-2 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Table 16-2 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-23a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-23a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-23b,c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-23b,c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-23d Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-23d Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-24a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-24a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-24b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-24b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-25a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-25a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-25b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-25b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-26 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-26 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-27a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-27a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-27b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-27b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-28 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-28 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-29 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-29 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-30a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-30a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-30b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-30b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-30c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-30c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-31a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-31a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-31b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-31b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-32a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-32a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-32b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-32b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-33 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-33 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-34a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-34a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-34b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-34b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-34c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-34c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-34d Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-34d Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-35 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-35 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-36 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-36 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-37 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-37 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-38 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-38 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-39 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-39 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-40 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-40 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-41 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-41 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-42 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-42 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-43 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-43 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-44 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-44 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-45a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-45a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-45b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-45b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-46 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-46 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-47 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-47 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-48 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-48 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-49a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-49a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-49b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-49b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-50a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-50a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-50b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-50b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-51 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-51 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-52 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-52 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-53 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-53 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-54a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-54a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-54b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-54b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-55a,b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-55a,b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-55c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-55c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-56 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-56 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-56a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-56a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-56b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-56b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-57 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-57 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-58a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-58a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-58b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-58b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-59 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-59 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-60 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-60 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-61 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-61 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-61 (part 1 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-61 (part 1 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-61 (part 2 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-61 (part 2 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-62 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-62 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-63 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-63 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-64 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-64 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-64a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-64a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-64b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-64b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-64c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-64c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-65 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-65 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-65 (part 1 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-65 (part 1 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-65 (part 2 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-65 (part 2 of 2) Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-66 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-66 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-67 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-67 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-68 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-68 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-69a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-69a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-69b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-69b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-70 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-70 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-70a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-70a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-70b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-70b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-71 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-71 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-72a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-72a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-72b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-72b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-73a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

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Figure 16-74 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-74 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-74a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-74a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-74b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-74b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-74c,d Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-74c,d Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-75 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

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Figure 16-77 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-77 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-77a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-77a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-77b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-77b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-77c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-77c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-78a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-78a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-78b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-78b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-79 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-79 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-80 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-80 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-81a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-81a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-81b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-81b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-82a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-82a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-82b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-82b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-83 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-83 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-83a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-83a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-83b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-83b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-84a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-84a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-84b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-84b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-85a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-85a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-85b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-85b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-85c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

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Figure 16-86 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

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Figure 16-87 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-87a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-87a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-87b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-87b Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-87c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-87c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-88a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-88a Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-88b,c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

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Figure 16-89 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

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Figure 16-92a–c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-92a–c Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-92d Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

Figure 16-92d Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

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Figure Q16-1 Molecular Biology of the Cell (© Garland Science 2008)

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