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Jiara Laine Montao

21
Experiment no. 3: Preparation and Standardization of NaOH
17 2016
and the analysis of an unknown KHP sample

June

Sample Calculations

1. Weight of KHP
Wt of KHP=( ( Weight paper + KHP )( weight paper before ) )( weight paper afterweight paper befo
=== ( 0.94800.1957 )( 0.19660.1957 )=0.7514 g
2. Volume NaOH dispensed
Volume dispensed=final readinginitial reading
41.270.16

41.11

mL

3. Buret Correction
y=0.0014 x0.0673, 25 mL x 35 mL
y=0.0008 x +0.0087, 35 mL< x 45 mL

0.0008 x +0.0087

Buret CorrectionStandardization Run 1


0.0008 ( 41.11 ) +0.0087

0.024188 mL
4. Corrected Volume
Corrected Volume=Volume dispensed + Buret correction
41.11 mL0.024188

41.085812 mL = 0.041085812 L

5. Molarity of NaOH
The following equation hs to be taken into account before
calculating for the molarity of sodium hydroxide:
K7C7H4O2COOH + NaOH KC7H4O2COONa + H2O
From this equation we can see that there is a 1:1 stoichiometric
ration between NaOH and KHP. Thus, to determine the molarity of
NaOH, the moles of KHP used must first be calculated as the
number of moles of KHP is equivalent to the number of moles of
NaOH:
mass KHP
mol NaOH=mol KHP=
molar mass KHP

0.7514 g
g
204.23
mol

0.003679185 mol
To compute for molarity, we use the formula:

M=

moles
corrected volume

0.003679185 moles
0.41085812 L

0.089548802 M NaOH
6. Mean Molarity of NaOH / Percent KHP
xi
Average = i
n

0.08954 8803 +0.08940 9765 +0.088926499


3
0.089295022

7. Percentage KHP in unknown sample


To determine the percentage KHP the weight of KHP computed from
the molarity and Volume dispensed of NaOH must first be calculated
from a series of equations:
mol NaOH=mol KHP=Molarity NaOH x Volume NaOH
0.089295022 M x

30.184994 mL
1000 mL
0.002694923 mol KHP
g KHP
( 204.23
1 mol KHP )
204.23 g KHP
mol KHP
x(
1mol KHP )

mol KHP x

0.002694 923

0.550475354 g

We can now compute for the percentage KHP in the sample using
the formula:
mass KHP
KHP=
x 100
mass sample

0.550475354 g
x 100
1.0344 g

53.21687491 =53.22
8. Standard Deviation

x iave .

s=

2
2
2
( 0.08954 8803 0.089295022 ) + ( 0.08940 97650.089295022 ) + ( 0.0889264990.089295022 )

2
0.000326633

9. Relative Standard Deviation


s
( average
) 1000

RSD=

0.000326633
1000
0.08929 5022
3.65791 =3.7

Data and Results


Run

Weight of
Paper
Before (g)

1
2
3

Weight of
paper +
KHP (g)

0.1957
0.1823
0.1824

Weight of
Paper After
(g)

0.948
0.9385
0.9363

0.1966
0.1848
0.1825

Initial
Volume
(mL)
0.16
0
0

Final
Volume
(mL)
41.27
41.3
41.53

Table 1 Experimental Data from the Standardization of NaOH

Run

Weight of
KHP (g)

1
2
3

0.7514
0.7537
0.7538

Volume of
NaOH (mL)

Buret
Correction
(mL)

Corrected
Volume
(L)

41.11
41.3
41.53

-0.024188
-0.02434
-0.024524

0.04109
0.04128
0.04151

Molarity
(M)
0.08954
0.08941
0.08893

Table 2 Derived Data from the Standardization of NaOH

Mean Molarity:
0.08930

Run

1
2
3
4

Standard Deviation:
0.00033

Weight of
Paper
Before (g)
0.1956
0.2007
0.2004
0.183

Weight of
paper +
KHP (g)
1.2288
1.2208
1.2325
0.8792

Weight of
Paper After
(g)
0.1944
0.2022
0.2016
0.1888

Relative Standard
Deviation: 3.65 =3.7

Initial
Volume
(mL)
0.1
0
0
0.01

Final
Volume
(mL)
30.31
30.7
32.5
22.63

Table 3 Experimental Data from the Analysis of unknown KHP sample

Correcte
d
Volume
(mL)

Weight
of KHP
(g)

1
1.0344
30.21 -0.025006
0.03018
2
1.0186
30.7
-0.02432
0.03068
3
1.0309
32.5
-0.0218
0.03248
0.6904
22.62
-0.035632
4
Table 4 Experimental Data from the Analysis of unknown KHP0.02258
sample

0.55048
0.5594
0.5923
0.4119

Run

Weight
of
sample
(g)

Mean %KHP: 56.31 %

Volume
of NaOH
(mL)

Buret
Correctio
n (mL)

Standard Deviation:
2.8

% KHP

53.22
54.92
57.45
59.66

Relative Standard
Deviation: 50.229 = 50