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Megan Thornton

Mr. Frampton
Period 3B
December 23, 2016
Leonardo da Vinci
In the year 1452 on April 15th, an Italian artist, and inventor was born. Leonardo da Vinci
was mostly known for his art and inventions, though he studied other subjects like math,
architecture, astronomy, anatomy, and so on.
Early on in Da Vincis life, he lived in Anchiano. At age five he moved to his fathers
family estate, where he lived with his uncle and grandparents. He didnt really have a formal
education. He attended studio Andrea del Verrocchio in Florence, where he was the apprentice of
Andrea del Verrocchio, who was one of the most successful artists of his time. At the age of
twenty in 1472 Leonardo da Vinci was qualified as a master in the Guild of St. Luke. He was
able to have his own workshop. Even though Leonardo was a master, he still consulted with his
former master for five years. It was said that he even helped complete the Baptism of Christ
painting. According to Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architects, Verrocchio
saw that his former pupil, Leonardo da Vincis talent far surpassed his own, which lead him to
never pick up a paint brush again. But lots of scholars believe this statement to be fake.
In 1482 Lorenzo de Medici authorized Leonardo da Vinci to create a silver lyre to offer it
up as a peace offering to the regent of Milan, named Ludovico Sforza. Leonardo da Vinci wanted
a job so he sent a letter to Sforza that held sketches of all kinds of weapons. Sforza brought
Leonardo da Vinci to Milan for seventeen years.

Leonardo did military engineering for Cesar Borgia after returning back to Florence,
Italy, in 1502 and 1503. Around this time he started working on his Battle of Anghiari painting
along with the Mona Lisa. He never finished the Battle of Anghiari because it started to
deteriorate before he could complete it, so he gave up.
The Mona Lisa is one of Leonardo da Vincis most famous oil paintings. Francesco Del
Giocondo was said to have hired Leonardo da Vinci to paint his wife, The Mona Lisa. But there
is speculation as of who the Mona Lisa was. His painting today now sits in the Louvre in Paris,
France. Leonardo da Vinci was one of the first Italian artists to use oil paints in his artwork.

Another one of Leonardo da Vincis famous painting is the Last Supper. The Last Supper
was made in 1495 before the Mona Lisa. The Last Supper is a massive painting; its 15 feet by
29 feet. The Last Supper was painted on a wall in Santa Maria delle Grazie church. Since it was
painted on the wall, Leonardo da Vinci had to work quickly, but he found a way that made him
able to work at his own pace. He applied tempera to the plaster on the wall that enabled him to
work slowly. Unfortunately two decades later the painting began to chip and break loose.
Not only did Leonardo da Vinci display great artistic skills, but mathematical skills while
working upon this painting. The bodies were proportioned perfectly. Da Vinci put a nail into the
wall where Jesuss head was, and he tied strings to it so the apostles faces would line up with
Jesuss head. Da Vinci took a lot of time with his paintings, he even said; Art is never finished,
only abandoned.

Leonardo da Vinci used mainly oil in his paintings, and according to web exhibits he used
a technique called chiaroscuro, which gave the painting more highlights than what he actually

saw. I would remind you O Painter! To dress your figures in the lightest colors you can, since, if
you put them in dark colors, they will be in too slight relief and inconspicuous from a distance.
And this is because the shadows of all objects are dark. And if you make a dress dark there is
little variety between the lights and shadows, while in light colors there will be greater variety.
Leonardo da Vinci (webexhibits)
Leonardo da Vinci believed that his paintings and art was connected to nature and
science. He spent a lot of time immersing himself in other subjects that he didnt complete a lot
of his paintings. Da Vinci could write left handed, and usually he would write from right to left.
He was able to mirror what he was writing in both hands, which makes it hard to decipher what
he wrote.
Another interesting painting Leonardo da Vinci did was the Female head it is an oil
painting on wood. It was around 1500 when he has painted it. What is strange about this painting
is the fact that it shows a woman with uncombed hair, which is unusual for that time period.
Critics argue that Leonardo da Vinci was trying to show the natural beauty that women have, and
that the Female Head or Head of a Women painting depicts that.

Leonardo da Vinci had a lot of amazing works of art, but thats not the only thing he created.
According to Leonardo da Vincis inventions, he had spent a lot more time working on his inventions than
his other works. He was known for as the Renaissance Man because of his work in science and art. He
designed an Aerial Screw, but there wasnt enough technology to build it. It is believed that his sketches
of the Aerial Screw led us to the invention of the helicopter in the 1940s. For once you have tasted

flight you will walk the earth with your eyes turned skywards, for there you have been and there
you will long to return. Leonardo da Vinci.
Leonardo da Vinci also sketched out a lot more inventions such as the famous flying
machine, armored car, parachute, giant cross bow, and he even designed scuba gear.
Even though Leonardo da Vinci didnt have a formal education, he was still brilliant.
According to Discover magazine, Leonardo da Vinci was the first to explain why the sky was
blue. Leonardo da Vinci argued that the world is a lot older than what people were thinking, after
studying erosion. Da Vinci was not only a great artist, but a great philosopher as well.
Leonardo da Vinci was one of the most famous painters in history, and only fifteen of his
works are known to exist.
Leonardo da Vinci died in Amboise, France on May 2nd, 1519 at age 67. His last words
were; I have offended God and mankind because my work did not reach the quality it should
have.

Works cited

http://www.biography.com/people/leonardo-da-vinci-40396#humble-beginnings
https://www.walksofitaly.com/blog/milan/facts-about-da-vincis-last-supper
https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/leonardo_da_vinci.html
https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/l/leonardoda125723.html

http://www.da-vinci-inventions.com/
http://discovermagazine.com/2006/may/10-da-vinci
http://www.webexhibits.org/colorart/vinci.html
https://www.livingwaters.com/witnessingtool/lastwords.shtml

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