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GSM Power Control

Algorithm and
Parameters
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Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. HW Power Control Algorithm
3. HW Power Control Algorithm
4. Other Algorithms

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page2

Power Control Overview

Power control

Adjust the transmitting power of BTS and MS when needed.

Based on measurement reports of BTS and MS

Purpose

Save the power of BTS and MS

Reduce the interference of the network

Increase the quality of the network

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Page3

Power Control Overview

Power control includes uplink power control and downlink


power control, Which are performed independently

Uplink power control: Adjust TX power of MS to let BTS receive


stable signal, reduce the uplink co-channel and adjacent
channel interference, reduce power consumption of MS

Downlink power control: Adjust BTS TX power to let MS receive


stable signal, reduce the downlink co-channel and adjacent
channel interference, reduce power consumption of BTS

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Page4

Power Control Overview

Up link and Down link power


control can be enabled
independently

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Page5

Power Control Overview

Process of power control commands

It takes 3 measurement report periods(480ms/period) from


command sending to getting the feedback.

BTS sends the command for power


control and TA in SACCH header.

SACCCH report period:


26X4=104 frames (480ms)

BTS receives the


measurement report

SA0 SA1 SA2 SA3 SA0 SA1 SA2 SA3 SA0 SA1 SA2 SA3
MS adopts the new
power level and TA

In the 26 multi-frames,
frame 12 sends
SACCH.

MS obtains SACCH
block

MS begins to send the


measurement report of the
last multi-frame.

MS begins to set up a new SACCH header


to report the new TA and power control
message.

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Page6

Data Configuration of Power Control Period

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Page7

Power Control Overview

Power control judgment

Power control judgment is controlled by BTS measurement


report pre-processing item which can be selected in handover
control data table

MR. Pre-process (measurement report pre-processing): This


switch decide where power control be processed. If
measurement report pre-processing is BSC_Preprocessing,
power control is processed in BSC, and when setting it
BTS_Preprocessing, power control is processed in BTS

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Page8

Data Configuration of MR
Preprocessing(1)

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Page9

Data Configuration of MR
Preprocessing(1)

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Page10

Contents
1. Power Control Overview
2. HW Power Control Algorithm
3. HW Power Control Algorithm
4. Other Algorithms

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page11

HW II Power Control

Power control judgment process


MR. preprocessing

The power control


demand according to
receiving level

The power control


demand according to
receiving quality

General power control


judgment
Send the power control
command

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page12

HW II Power Control

Original data of power control -- Measurement Report(MR)


or Enhanced Measurement Report(EMR)
Uplink MR

BTS

Network

Downlink MR

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Page13

HW II Power Control

Measurement report

Uplink
measurement
report

Downlink
measurement
report

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Page14

HW II Power Control

MR. preprocessing in HW II PC algorithm consists of four


steps

Interpolation

Compensation (optional)

Prediction (optional)

Filter

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Page15

HW II Power Control

MR Interpolation recover the lost measurement report

BTS may fail to receive the MR from MS, and it needs to


recover the lost measurement reports. If the lost MR amount is
within the allowed range (Allowed MR Number Lost), then
recovers the lost MR according to the specific algorithm.

Service cell: linear algorithm

Neighboring cell: the lowest value defined in GSM specification (110dBm)

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page16

HW II Power Control

MR Interpolation recover the lost measurement report

MR
MR
MR

No. n+4
MR
MR

No. n

Missing by
some reasons

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Page17

Data Configuration of MR
Preprocessing

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Page18

HW II Power Control

MR. compensation

Purpose: Ensure the accuracy of selection of the history measurement


report before filter.
Implementation steps:

1. Put the current receiving measurement report into the measurement report
compensation queue.
2. Record the changed information of the transmitting power according to the
MS and BTS power levels in the measurement report.
3. After finish the measurement report interpolation, system will compensate
the receiving level of the history measurement report according to the power
change information. The compensated measurement reports will be the
original data in the filter process.
4. Filter the compensated measurement reports.

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Page19

Data Configuration of MR.


Compensation

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Page20

HW II Power Control

MR. prediction

Purpose: Avoid power control later than needed, the delay is


dangerous in case of poor level or bad quality

Implementation procedure
1. Analyze the tendency of MR by the historical measurement
reports after interpolation.
2. Guide by the tendency, to predict the values of measurement
report to be received. There are 0~3 measurement reports
prediction, which are configured on LMT.
3. Filter the interpolated, compensated and predicted measurement
reports, and implement power control judgment.

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Page21

Data Configuration of MR. Prediction

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Page22

HW II Power Control

MR. filter Smooth the instantaneous fading point

Calculate the average value within the filter window

MR
MR
MR
MR
MR
MR

Filter----Average several
consecutive MRs

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Page23

Data Configuration of MR. filter

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Page24

Refer to the notes

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Page25

HW II Power Control Judgment

Power control demand based on receiving level.

After measurement report pre-processing, the power control


module makes a comparison between the expected signal
level and the current receiving signal level.

Calculate the transmitting power level step size to be adjusted,


making the receiving level value closer to the expected value.

Adopt variable step size when decreasing the transmitting


power according to the receiving level, so as to achieve the
expected level as soon as possible.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page26

HW II Power Control Judgment

Power control demand based on receiving quality

After measurement report pre-processing, the power control


module makes comparison between the expected quality level
and the current receiving quality level.
Calculate the step size of the transmitting power level to be
adjusted: increase the transmitting power in case of poor
receiving quality, and decrease the transmitting power in case
of good receiving quality.
Adopt fixed step size when adjust the transmitting power
according to the receiving quality.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page27

HW II Power Control Judgment

General power control judgment

Power control by receiving


level

Power control by receiving


quality

Power control by signal level and


quality

AdjStep_Lev

AdjStep_Qul

max(AdjStep_Lev,AdjStep_Qul)

AdjStep_Lev

AdjStep_Qul

No action

AdjStep_Lev

No action

AdjStep_Lev

AdjStep_Lev

AdjStep_Qul

AdjStep_Lev

AdjStep_Lev

AdjStep_Qul

AdjStep_Lev

No action

AdjStep_Lev

No action

AdjStep_Qul

AdjStep_A

No action

AdjStep_Qul

AdjStep_B

No action

No action

No action

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

max(AdjStep_Lev,AdjStep_Qul)

Page28

HW II Power Control Feature

Adaptive power control:

Adaptive power control refers to changeable power control


strategy according to the communication environment, it makes
power control more effective and stable.

Automatically change the adjustable maximum step size of power


control according to different communication environment
(different receiving quality).

Adopt different power control strategies according to different


communication environments (different receiving quality and level).

Max. step is different between increase and decrease.

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Page29

HW II Power Control Feature

Power control within the upper/lower thresholds

Power control will not execute if the signal level and quality
is within the threshold bands.

Avoid the signal level fluctuation caused by power control.

The upper threshold can be increased dynamically in case of


bad quality.

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Page30

Data Configuration for UL Rx_Lev


Upper/Lower Threshold

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Page31

Refer to the notes

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Page32

Data Configuration for UL Upper/Lower


Quality Threshold

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Page33

Data Configuration for DL Rx_Lev


Upper/Lower Threshold

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Page34

Refer to the notes

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Page35

Data Configuration for DL Upper/Lower


Quality Threshold

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Page36

Data Configuration of Power Control


(Rx_Lev)

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Page37

See the notes

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Page38

Data Configuration of Power Control


(Rx_Lev)

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Page39

Data Configuration of Power Control


(Rx_Lev)

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Page40

Data Configuration for UL/DL Bad


Quality

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Page41

HW II Power Control Advantages

Measurement report compensation to makes power control


judgment more accurate

Measurement report prediction --to avoid power control later


than needed, the delay is dangerous in case of poor level or
bad quality

Power control expected signal level and quality threshold


falls within a band, this avoids receiving signal level
fluctuate up and down frequently

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page42

Exercise

Exercises for HW II power control

Given conditions:

The uplink receiving level is -55dBm, the quality is level 0. Power control algorithm is
HW II.

Data configuration is as follows: Uplink signal level upper threshold: -60dBm, uplink
signal level lower threshold: - 80dBm. Uplink signal upper quality threshold: level 1.
Uplink signal lower quality threshold: level 2. The downward adjustable step size of
quality band 0 is 16dB, of quality band 1 is 8dB, and of quality 2 is 4 dB. The upward
adjustable step size of receiving level is 16dB. The upward or downward adjustable
step size for power control by quality are both 4dB.

Question: What will be the uplink stable receiving level after power control?

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page43

Exercise

Exercises for HW II power control

Answer.

First, transmitting power to be reduced according to receiving level =


actual receiving level -(uplink signal level upper threshold + uplink signal
level lower threshold)/2 -55- (-60 + (-80))/2(-55)-(-70)15dB. As the
receiving quality is level 0, downward adjustable step size of quality band 0
can be used -- decrease 16dB.
Second, the transmitting power to be decreased according to receiving
quality = as power control adjustment step size by quality is 4dB, thus
decrease 4dB.
Therefore, according to the general judgement on power control, 15dB
should be decreased.

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Page44

Exercise

Exercises for HW II power control

Answer .

After the implementation of step 1 power control, the receiving


level becomes: -55dBm-15dB= -70dBm, Suppose the quality reach
already in level 1 here.

First: the receiving level value is between -80dBm~-60dBm,


neednt adjust.

Second: the receiving quality value is between 0 and 2, neednt


adjust.

Therefore, the uplink stable receiving level =-70dBm.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page45

Content
1. Power Control Overview
2. HW Power Control Algorithm
3. HW Power Control Algorithm
4. Other Algorithms

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page46

Contents
3. HW III Power Control Algorithm
3.1 HW III Power Control Algorithm
3.2 HW III Power Control Optimization Algorithm

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Page47

HW III Power Control Flow


HW III PC
YES

RXLEV and RXQUAL


are both within the
expected window?

Is active PC
allow?
NO

End

NO
Calculate the PC step

The number of
MRs[SdMrCutNum/
TchMrCutNum]?

NO

YES

The new transmit


power is higher than
the current one?

YES
Is PC allowed?
MR.
Preprocessing
YES

YES

New transmit powercurrent one>[MAXUpStep]

NO

NO

Current transmit powernew one>[MAXDownStep]?

YES

YES

New transmit
power=current
one+[MAXUpStep]

Interpolated MRs

NO

New transmit power=current


one-[MAXDownStep]

Exponential filtering
Adjust transmit power

Slide window filtering

PC interval >
[PwrCtrlAdjPeriod]

NO

End

If the active PC is allowd & MRs number


<[SdMrCutNum/TchMrCutNum] & the transmit
power will be decreased?

YES

NO
Implement PC

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

YES

Page48

End

Measurement Report Preprocessing

For the measurement report preprocessing, there are three


differences between HW II and HW III power control

Initial discarded MR. number

Interpolation method

Filter calculation

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Page49

Measurement Report Preprocessing

Initial discarded MR. number

Avoiding the access period measurement report influence power


control accuracy, system discards some initial measurement report.

HW II: discard 4 initial MR. fixedly.

HW III: set it via [SdMrCutNum/TchMrCutNum]

MR. interpolation method

Rx_lev: If Rx_lev(k) is lost, recover it as Rx_lev(k-1).

Rx_qual: If Rx_qual is lost, recover it as quality lever 7.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page50

Data Configuration of Initial Discarded


MR. Number

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Page51

Measurement Report Preprocessing

MR. filter calculation

Quality filter

Quality class value will be converted to BER and set up the


correspondence relationship with CIR as below table.

Calculate the average CIR according to the selected filter method.

Quality Class

CIR (dB)

22

18

16

14

12

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Page52

Measurement Report Preprocessing

MR. filter calculation

Filter algorithm: exponent filter and slide window filter

Exponent filter
ca_filtered1 (1)=ca(1)

k=1

ca_filtered1 (k)=a*ca(k)+(1-a)*ca_filtered1 (k-1)

k>1

~ ca: original receiving level or quality


~ ca_filtered1: receiving level or quality after exponent filter calculation
~ k: serial number of measurement report
~ a: exponent filter coefficient, a=1 / (2^(w/2)), and w is exponent filter length

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page53

Measurement Report Preprocessing

Filter algorithm

Filter algorithm: exponent filter and slide window filter

Slide window filter


ca_filtered (1) = ca_filtered1 (1)

k=1

ca_filtered (k) = [ca_filtered 1(1)++ca_filtered1 (k)] / k

1<k<w

ca_filtered (k) = [ca_filtered1 (k-w+1)+...+ca_filtered1 (k)] / w

k>=w

~ ca_filtered1: receiving level or quality after exponent filter


~ ca_filtered: receiving level or quality after slide window filter
~ k: serial number of measurement report
~ w: slide filter window

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Page54

Data Configuration of Filter (DL)

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Page55

Data Configuration of Filter (UL)

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Page56

Power Control Judgment

During HW III power control judgment, system will calculate


radio channel gain.

Suppose: In SACCH period k, useful signal is c(k), interference


is I(k), radio channel gain is g(k) and transmit power for BTS or
MS is p(k). The below formulas are calculated by logarithm:

10

ca _ filtered( k )
10

Rx_lev

10

c(k )
10

10

Useful signel

I (k )
10

(1)

Interference

C/I qa_filtered(k) = c(k) I(k)

(2)

c(k) = p(k) g(k)

(3)

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Page57

Power Control Judgment

Radio channel gain calculation:

According to (1) and (2), we can get c(k)

c(k ) ca _ filter (k ) qa _ filter (k ) 10 lg(1 10

qa _ filtered ( k )
10

Input c(k) to (3), get g(k) = p(k) c(k). So calculate the g(k)

for BTS and MS

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page58

Power Control Judgment

BTS power control step calculation:


step(k) = - ( sfactor*( BsTxMaxPower - g(k) - SThr)
+ qfactor*( qa_filtered(k) - QThr) )
If step(k) >0, so step(k) =0;
sfactor[HWIII DL RexLev Adjust Factor]
qfactor[HWIII DL Rex Qual. Adjust Factor]
BsTxMaxPowerthe maximum power level of occupied carrier
SThrUp[HwIII DL Rexlev Upper Threshold]
SThrDown: [HwIII DL Rexlev Lower Threshold]
SThr = (SThrUp + SThrDown) / 2; the mean level of expected receiving level window.
QThrUp[HwIII DL FS/HS/AFS/AHS Rex Qual. Upper Threshold(dB)]
QThrDown: [HwIII DL FS/HS/AFS/AHS Rex Qual. Lower Threshold(dB)]
QThr = (QThrUp + QThrDown) / 2; the mean level of expected receiving quality window.

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Page59

Power Control Judgment

MS power control step calculation:


step(k) = - ( sfactor*( MsTxMaxPower - g(k) - SThr)
+ qfactor*( qa_filtered(k) - QThr) );
SThr = (SThrUp + SThrDown) / 2;
QThr = (QThrUp + QThrDown) / 2;
If step(k) >0then step(k) =0;

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Page60

Data Configuration of Power Control


Judgment

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Page61

See notes

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Page62

Data Configuration of Power Control


Judgment

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Page63

See notes

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Page64

Data Configuration of Power Control


Adjust Factor

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Page65

Power Control Judgment

Adjustment protection

For avoiding too rapid adjustment, parameter [DL/UL MAX


DownStep/UpStep] is used to control the maximum power
control step.

If the difference between power control step(k) and previous


one step(k-1) is bigger than maximum power control step
configured above, just take the maximum power control step as
the difference between them, so as to limit the current power
control command step(k).

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Page66

Data Configuration of Power Control Step

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Page67

HW III Power Control Features

Exponent filter enhance the measurement report process speed.

In HW II PC, receive level and quality be considered independently


and then general power control judgment will be done. While in
HW III PC, the final result will be got from the general formula.

Difference quality threshold be set for the difference service, such


as AMR, FS and HS.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page68

Question

Given condition

The current UL_Re_Level: -75dBm, UL_Re_Quality: 2, Radio channel gain(g(k)):


110dB, Max power output of MS is 2W(33dBm)

HWIII is availabledata configuration is as following:

ULRexLevHighThred30

ULRexLevLowThred20

ULFSRexQualHighThred20

ULFSRexQualLowThred16

ULRexLevAdjustFactor4 ULRexQualAdjustFactor6

ULMAXDownStep8 ULMAXUpStep8
Quality Class

CIR (dB)

22

18

16

14

12

Question What will be the power output of MS after power control

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page69

Question

Answer:
step(k) = - ( sfactor( BsTxMaxPower - g(k) - SThr)
qfactor( qa_filtered(k) - QThr) )
30 20
20 16
{{0.4 [33 110 (
110)]} 0.6 (16
)}
2
2
2dB
After power control
Power output of MS: 33-2=31dBm
Suppose the current g(k)=115dB, current quality:2(CIR=16dB)then
For level-90dBm<31-115<-80dBm
For qualityequal with the [ULFSRexQualLowThred]
So power control stops the power output of MS 33-2=31dBm

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Page70

Contents
3. HW III Power Control Algorithm
3.1 HW III Power Control Algorithm
3.2 HW III Power Control Optimization Algorithm

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page71

HW III PC Optimization Algorithm

The basic process of HW III PC optimization algorithm is almost


the same as the HW III PC algorithm, including MR preprocessing,
PC step calculation, PC implementation, etc.

The improvement for HW III power control optimization algorithm:

MR power control compensation (available for RXLEV and RXQUAL)


Dual-coefficient filter algorithm can achieve fast increasing and slow
decreasing
The power control step calculation adopt dual factors to protect low
RXLEV area.
Update the formula of power control step calculation.

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Page72

HW III PC Optimization Algorithm--Data


Configuration

Command: SET GCELLPWRBASIC (Set Basic Parameters for


Power Control of Cell)

PWRCTRLSW

Parameter name: Power Control Switch

Value range: PWR2, PWR3

Command: SET GCELLPWR3 (Set Parameters for Power Control


III of Cell)

PWRCTRLOPTIMIZEDEN

Parameter name: III Power Control Optimized Enable

Value range: YES, NO

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page73

MR Power Control Compensation

MR power control compensation means compensate the RXLEV


and RXQUAL to the values corresponding to the maximum
transmit power.

ca_comp(k) = ca(k) + PowerComp

qa_comp(k) = qa(k) + PowerComp

PowerComp indicates the decrease on the maximum transmit power


of BTS or MS

For Uplink PCPowerComp = min(MsTxPower, MsPowerMax)


PowerUsedUL(k-1)

For Downlink PCPowerComp = 2*PowerLev(k-1)

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page74

Dual-coefficient Filter

HW PC III optimization algorithm adopts exponent filter, but the calculation of


factor A is different with PC algorithm III. And it adopts dual-coefficient for
MR filtering.

ca_filtered (k) =(1-A)*ca_comp (k) + A*ca_filtered (k-1)

If ca_comp (k) < ca_filtered (k-1), L=B; Otherwise L= FiltAdjustFactor*B

qa_filtered (k) =(1-A)*qa_comp (k) + A*qa_filtered (k-1)

If qa_comp (k) < qa_filtered (k-1), L=B; Otherwise L= FiltAdjustFactor*B

A = (1.012*L-0.7505)/(L+1.848)

B: [DLRexLevExponentFilterLen], [DLRexQualExponentFilterLen],
[ULRexLevExponentFilterLen], [ULRexQualExponentFilterLen]

FiltAdjustFactor: [III UL Filter Adjust Factor], [III DL Filter Adjust Factor]

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page75

Dual-coefficient Filtering--Data
Configuration

Command: SET GCELLPWR3 (Set Parameters for Power Control III of Cell)

DLREXLEVEXPFLTLEN

Parameter name: DLRexLevExponentFilterLen

Value range: 0~19

DLREXQUALEXPFLTLEN

Parameter name: DLRexQualExponentFilterLen

Value range: 0~19

ULREXLEVEXPFLTLEN

Parameter name: ULRexLevExponentFilterLen

Value range: 0~19

ULREXQUALEXPFLTLEN

Parameter name: ULRexQualExponentFilterLen

Value range: 0~19

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page76

Dual-coefficient Filtering--Data
Configuration

Command: SET GCELLPWR3 (Set Parameters for Power


Control III of Cell)

ULFILTADJFACTOR

Parameter name: III UL Filter Adjust Factor

Value range: 1~10

DLFILTADJFACTOR

Parameter name: III DL Filter Adjust Factor

Value range: 1~10

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page77

Power Control Step Calculation

HW PC III optimization algorithm adopts two sets of factors, and it can help the
system to avoid too low transmit power.

step1(k) = - { RexLev Protect Factor *( ca_filtered(k) - SThr) + RexQual Protect


Factor *( qa_filtered (k) - QThr)}

step2(k) = - { sfactor *( ca_filtered(k) - SThr) + qfactor *( qa_filtered (k) - QThr)}

step (k) = max(step1(k)step2(k))

If step (k) >0, then step (k) =0

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Page78

Power Control Step Calculation--Data


Configuration

Command: SET GCELLPWR3 (Set Parameters for Power Control III of Cell)

DLREXLEVADJFCTR

Parameter name: DLRexLevAdjustFactor

Value range: 0~10

DLREXQUALADJFCTR

Parameter name: DLRexQualAdjustFactor

Value range: 0~10

ULREXLEVADJFCTR

Parameter name: ULRexLevAdjustFactor

Value range: 0~10

ULREXQUALADJFCTR

Parameter name: ULRexQualAdjustFactor

Value range: 0~10

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page79

Power Control Step Calculation--Data


Configuration

Command: SET GCELLPWR3 (Set Parameters for Power Control III of Cell)

ULRXLEVPROTECTFACTOR

Parameter name: III UL RexLev Protect Factor

Value range: 0~100

ULRXQUALPROTECTFACTOR

Parameter name: III UL RexQual Protect Factor

Value range: 0~100

DLRXLEVPROTECTFACTOR

Parameter name: III DL RexLev Protect Factor

Value range: 0~100

DLRXQUALPROTECTFACTOR

Parameter name: III DL RexQual Protect Factor

Value range: 0~100

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page80

Exercise

Given condition

The current UL_Re_Level: -74dBm, UL_Re_Quality: 1, Max power output of MS


is 2W(33dBm),MS current power is 31dBm

HWIII is availabledata configuration is as following:

ULRexLevHighThred30

ULFSRexQualHighThred20 ULFSRexQualLowThred18

ULRexLevAdjustFactor0.3

ULRexQualAdjustFactor0.4

ULMAXDownStep8

ULMAXUpStep8

Quality Class
CIR (dB)

ULRexLevLowThred24

22

18

16

14

12

Question What will be the power output of MS after power control

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page81

Exercise

Given condition

The current UL_Re_Level: -60dBm, UL_Re_Quality: 6, Max power output of MS


is 2W(33dBm),MS current power is 31dBm

HWIII is availabledata configuration is as following:

ULRexLevHighThred30

ULRexLevLowThred24

ULFSRexQualHighThred20

ULFSRexQualLowThred18

ULRexLevAdjustFactor0.3

ULRexQualAdjustFactor0.4

ULMAXDownStep8

ULMAXUpStep8

[III DL RexLev Protect Factor]0.06


Quality Class
CIR (dB)

[III DL RexQual Protect Factor]0.75

22

18

16

14

12

Question What will be the power output of MS after power control


Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page82

Content
1. Power Control Overview
2. HW Power Control Algorithm
3. HW Power Control Algorithm
4. Other Algorithms

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page83

Contents
4. Other Algorithms
4.1 Active Power Control
4.2 0.2dB Power Control
4.3 SAIC Power Control

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page84

Active Power Control Overview

In the initial stage of the channel establishment, both BTS and MS


transmit at full power, thus increasing the power consumption and
the interference.

In the active power control algorithm, the BSC estimates the


uplink/downlink power through the path loss and issues the power
control command through the CHANNEL ACTIVATION message.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page85

Scenarios of Active Power Control


Scenarios of
Active Power Control

Assignment
Procedure

During
Normal Call

Channel
Assignment
Procedure

During the IntraBSC Handover

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Page86

Active Power Control Flow


Yes
For Normal
call

Is [Power Forecast
Allowed] Yes?
No

Yes
For Intra-BSC
handover

Is [UL PC Allowed] Yes?

End

Yes

Estimate PL
of UL channel

Estimate PL
of DL channel

Estimate PL
of DL channel

Estimate PL
of UL channel
Band compensation between
Main BCCH and TCH

BSC delivers UL PC command


via CHAN_ACT message

No

Is [DL PC Allowed] Yes?


Yes
BSC delivers DL PC command
via CHAN_ACT message

UL/DL transmit power=


[Expected receive level] + PL

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

End

Page87

No

Active Power Control in Assignment Procedure

Step1: Estimate PL of UL channel

UL_PATH_LOSS=MS_MX_PWR_BCCH UL_SD_SS

Step2: Estimate PL of DL channel

DL_PATH_LOSS=MS_MX_PWR_BCCH UL_SD_SS+
CMBER_LOSS + DOUBLE_ANT_GAIN

MS_MX_PWR_BCCH: maximum transmit power of the MS in this cell

UL_SD_SS: uplink receive level on the SDCCH

CMBER_LOSS: [Combination Loss]

TWIN_ANT_GAIN: [Double Antenna Gain]

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Page88

Active Power Control in Channel Assignment


Procedure during Intra-BSC Handover

Step1: Estimate PL of DL channel

Inter-cell handover

DL_PATH_LOSS=NCELL_BCCH_MAX_PWR DL_NCELL_BCCH_SS

NCELL_BCCH_MAX_PWR: maximum transmit power of the main BCCH of the


neighboring cell

DL_NCELL_BCCH_SS: downlink receive level of the main BCCH of the neighboring cell

Intra-cell handover

DL_PATH_LOSS=DL_MAX_TX_PWR TCH_DL_SS_CMP

DL_PATH_LOSS: Path loss of the downlink channel of the serving cell

DL_MAX_TX_PWR: maximum downlink transmit power of the seized TCHs

TCH_DL_SS_CMP: downlink receive level of the seized TCHs that is compensated to


full power

Step2: Estimate PL of UL channel

UL_PATH_LOSS=DL_PATH_LOSS

UL_PATH_LOSS: Loss of the uplink channel of the neighboring cell

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page89

Active Power Control Procedure

Step3: Band compensation between Main BCCH and TCH

If fmain BCCH and fTCH belong to different frequency bands, the compensation
between different frequency bands should be made for the path loss.

fmain BCCH :DCS1800 or PCS1900, fTCH :GSM900 or GSM850

UL_PATH_LOSS=UL_PATH_LOSS PATH_LOSS_BAND_DIFF

DL_PATH_LOSS=DL_PATH_LOSS PATH_LOSS_BAND_DIFF

fmain BCCH : GSM900 or GSM850, fTCH : DCS1800 or PCS1900

UL_PATH_LOSS=UL_PATH_LOSS + PATH_LOSS_BAND_DIFF

DL_PATH_LOSS=DL_PATH_LOSS + PATH_LOSS_BAND_DIFF

PATH_LOSS_BAND_DIFF: [Path Loss of Different Frequency Band]

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page90

Active Power Control Procedure

Step4: Calculate the transmit power of UL/DL channel

UL_TX_PWR=UL_EXP_TCH_SS + UL_PATH_LOSS

DL_TX_PWR=DL_EXP_TCH_SS + DL_PATH_LOSS

UL_TX_PWR: transmit power of the uplink channel

DL_TX_PWR: transmit power of the downlink channel

UL_EXP_TCH_SS: [Expected UL RX_LEV]

DL_EXP_TCH_SS: [Expected DL RX_LEV]

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page91

Active Power Control Procedure

Step5: BSC delivers UL/DL PC command via CHAN_ACT message

Parameter

Value Configured

Value Configured

[Power Forecast Allowed]

Yes

Yes

[UL PC Allowed]

Yes

[DL PC Allowed]

Yes

BSC issues PC command


through CHAN_ACT message

UL PC command

DL PC command

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page92

Data Configuration of Active Power Control

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page93

Coordination between Active Power Control


and Common Power Control

The active power control strategy only increasing, no


decreasing is used instead of the original strategy when
discarding MRs.

The active power control strategy is available in Huawei III


power control, while not available in Huawei II power control.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page94

Contents
4. Other Algorithms
4.1 Active Power Control
4.2 0.2dB Power Control
4.3 SAIC Power Control

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page95

0.2dB Power Control

For normal power control command, the adjustment


precision is 2dB.

The system starts to support the 0.2dB downlink power


control precision

This feature is available for HW power control algorithm III


and III optimization.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page96

0.2dB Power Control--Data Configuration

Command: SET GCELLPWR3 (Set Parameters for Power


Control III of Cell)

FINESTEPPCALLOWED

Parameter name: 0.2dB Power Control Enable

Value range: YES, NO

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page97

Contents
4. Other Algorithms
4.1 Active Power Control
4.2 0.2dB Power Control
4.3 SAIC Power Control

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page98

Introduction to SAIC

SAIC: Single Antenna Interference Cancellation

SAIC is a generic name for techniques, which attempt to


cancel or suppress interference by means of signal processing
without the use of multiple antennas. (see 3GPP 45.903)

The MSs can bear more serious radio environment after


supporting SAIC.

The SAIC capability is indicated by Classmark 3 message.

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page99

SAIC Power Control

If the MS support SAIC, the system can decrease the DL


expected receive quality level automatically.
For Normal MS

For SAIC capable MS

DL Quality Upper
Threshold

DL Quality Upper
Threshold

DL Quality Lower
Threshold

DL Quality Lower
Threshold
Power Control
Threshold Adjust for
SAIC

This feature is available for HW PC algorithm II, III and III


optimization.

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Page100

SAIC Power Control-- Data Configuration

Command: SET GCELLPWRBASIC (Set Basic Parameters for Power


Control of Cell)

SAICALLOWED

Parameter name: Saic Allowed

Value range: YES, NO

Command: SET GCELLPWR2 (Set Parameters for Power Control II of


Cell)

SAICTHREDAPDTVALUE

Parameter name: Power Control Threshold Adjust for SAIC

Value range: 0~2

Unit: dB

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page101

SAIC Power Control-- Data Configuration

Command: SET GCELLPWR3 (Set Parameters for Power Control III of


Cell)

SAICTHREDAPDTVALUE

Parameter name: Power Control threshold Adjust for SAIC

Value range: 0~4

Unit: dB

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page102

Summary

In this course, we have learned:

Power control procedure

HW II power control algorithm and its data configuration

HW III power control algorithm and its data configuration

HW III power control optimization algorithm and its data configuration

Active Power Control and its data configuration

0.2dB power control and its data configuration

SAIC power control and its data configuration

Copyright 2010 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page103

Thank you
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