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MEHB323 Heat Transfer

Tutorial Assignment No. 5


1. Consider a cooked hot dog with uniform initial temperature Ti = 180oC, which can be
approximated as 1-cm-radius long cylinder, is cooled in room temperature of T = 25oC.
The properties of the hot dog are k = 15 W/m.K, = 0.1310-6 m2/s, and the convection
heat transfer coefficient between the hot dog and the surrounding air h = 80 W/m2.K. At a
certain time, it is measured that the surface temperature of the hot dog is 50oC. Estimate
the centreline temperature of the hot dog at that time.
Time = 3.65 hours; To = 50oC
2. A plastic coating (k = 0.25 W/mK, = 1390 kg/m3, cp = 1498 J/kgK) is applied to wood
panels by first depositing molten polymer on a panel and then cooling the surface of the
polymer by subjecting it to airflow at 25C. As first approximations, the heat of reaction
associated with solidification of the polymer may be neglected and the polymer/wood
interface may be assumed to be adiabatic. The thickness of the coating is L = 2 mm and it
has an initial uniform temperature of Ti = 200C. The convection coefficient is h = 200
W/m2K.

a. How long will it take for the surface to achieve a safe-to-touch temperature of 42C?
Time = 63.79 seconds
b. What is the corresponding temperature at the plastic/wood interface?
To = 55.98oC
3. Metal ball bearings (k = 22.2 W/m.K, = 7900 kg/m3, cp = 579 J/kg.K), which have
uniformly be heated to 850C, are hardened by quenching them in an oil bath that is
maintained at 40C. The ball diameter is 25 mm, and convection coefficient associated
with the oil bath is 800 W/m2.K.
a. If quenching is to occur until the surface temperature of the balls reaches 100C, how
long must the balls be kept in the oil?
Time = 59.2 seconds
b. What is the centre temperature at the end of the cooling period?
To = 116.1oC
c. If 10,000 balls are to be quenched per hour, what is the rate at which energy must be
removed by the oil bath cooling system in order to maintain its temperature at 40C?
= 77.3 kW
1

MEHB323 Heat Transfer


Tutorial Assignment No. 5
4. A long cylinder ( = 400 kg/m3, c = 1600 J/kgK, and k = 1.7 W/mK) with 30-mm diameter,
initially at a uniform temperature of Ti = 727oC, is suddenly quenched in a large, constant
temperature oil bath at T = 77oC. The convection heat transfer coefficient between the
cylinder and the oil bath is 57 W/m2K. Calculate the time required for the surface of the
cylinder to reach Ts = 227oC.
Time = 130.2 seconds
5. A long cylinder of 30-mm diameter, initially at a uniform temperature of Ti = 1000K, is
suddenly quenched in a large, constant-temperature oil bath at T = 350K. The cylinder
properties are k = 1.7 W/m.K, c = 1600 J/kg.K, and = 400 kg/m3, while the convection
coefficient h = 50 W/m2.K. Determine the time required for the temperature of the cylinder
at the radius of r = 10 mm to reach 500K.
Time = 170.92 seconds
6. An 8 cm thick metal plate (k = 44 W/mK, = 8800 kg/m3, cp = 420 J/kgK) is initially at
a uniform temperature of 20C. Both surfaces of the plate are heated in a gas-fired furnace
at 500C with an average convection coefficient of 220 W/m2K while all the cross sections
of the plate are properly insulated.
a. What is the maximum temperature of the plate 7 minutes after the start of the heating
process?
Ts = 249.8oC
b. Evaluate the mid plane temperature of the plate at that time.
Tmid = 224.37oC
c. Determine the rate of heat absorption by the plate during this heating period if the
surface area of the plate is 0.02 m2.
q = 1498.87 W
7. A plane wall of a furnace as shown in figure below is fabricated from carbon steel
( = 7850 kg/m3, c = 430 J/kgK, and k = 60 W/mK) and is of thickness L = 10 mm. The
outer surface is well insulated from the surroundings. At furnace start-up the wall is initially
at a uniform temperature of Ti = 27oC, and combustion gases at T = 1027oC enter the
furnace, providing a convection coefficient at the furnace wall of h = 20 W/m2K.
a. Calculate the time required for inner surface of the furnace wall to reach Ts = 927oC.
Time = 1.08 hours
b. At the instant when the inner surface of the furnace wall has achieved 927oC, the
combustion gases are being swirled in which causes the convection coefficient at the
MEHB323
Heat
furnace wall
hasTransfer
significantly increased to hnew = 900 W/m2K while maintaining the
Tutorial
Assignment
No. 5of T = 1027oC. Calculate the outer surface temperature of
same gases
temperature
the furnace wall 65 seconds after the swirling of the combustion gases.
Ts = 1008.7oC
Insulation

Outer surface, To

Combustion gases
T, h

Carbon
Steel
, c, k

Inner surface, Ts
x

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