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General Description of Reservoir Characteristics

This design project is based on data from the Beaver field reservoir, which was
recorded and provided by Texaco. The Beaver field reservoir is an oil and gas reservoir
that consists of many wells. The purpose of this report is to analyze the reservoir data and
summarize the deliverability characteristics of the Beaver field that are key to estimating
its production. This report focuses on applying the production decline analysis method
based on historical data to describe how the reservoir oil and gas production rate declines
occurs over a long period of time.
The basic characteristics of the reservoir rock are permeability and porosity as
deduced from the core analysis data for the reservoir. The reservoir was divided into four
distinct layers, which consisted different wells. Each layer has corresponding average
values for permeability and porosity. These values are shown in the table below.
From the table above, we can tell that the wells within layers 2 and 3 will provide
maximum recovery from the reservoir because they have the highest average values of
permeability and porosity.
The properties of the fluids in the reservoir constitute a great deal of importance
in the description of the reservoir characteristics. All the information about fluids that was
provided are of wells A and B in the Reservoir Fluid Summary and Separator data sheet
but we can assume that the average values of each property reflects the property of the
whole reservoir. We make this assumption because wells A and B are present in all the
different layers of the reservoir. The table below presents the value for each fluid property

in each individual wells and the average of each property which equals the value of the
fluid property of the whole reservoir.

Proposed analysis of Beaver field data

The Beaver Field reservoir data was provided by Texaco. For the Beaver Field
reservoir we used decline curve analysis on all of the well data that was provided. There
are three different models that could be used to analyze the data.

They include

exponential, hyperbolic, and harmonic. In order to determine the correct model to use is
done by plotting the natural log of the production rate versus time, 1/D versus time and
1/q versus time. Whichever plot had the best linear fit and R squared value was the
correct model to use.
Since this is real world data there is parts of these graph that increase instead of
decrease, so in order to get a linear fit we needed to select the section of the graphs that
had a continuous decline in production. After this we performed a fit test to determine
the correct model to use for each of the wells. From this analysis we were able to
determine that all of the wells followed an exponential decline model.
To start our analysis we looked at the production rate for the entire reservoir
during each month period. The graph that was produced did not show a steady decline
rate. There were sections of the graph that actually increase. This could be contributed to
the fact that the wells were drilled at different times, or that some of the wells could have
been drilled through different layers in the reservoir that had different properties.

Discussion of Results:
The Beaver Field formation is a formation that produces both oil and gas. For this
analysis we chose to use the four wells that presented a good picture of the entire
reservoir. Well N did not provide enough significant data in order to perform a decline
curve analysis. Also well H had two data points and then it was taken off of production.
The well that we chose to use were B, D, J, and K.