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2015

3(35)

532.546: 519.63
DOI 10.17223/19988621/35/7

..



. . .
.
: , ,
, .

: , ,
, ,
, .. [13].

, . , [1]. h ,
u v
u=

k h
k h
, v=
,
x
y

x, y ; k ; = g
, , g .

mh uh vh
+
+
=0,
t
x
y

mh
h

h
= ( k h ) + ( k h ) ,
(1)
t
x
x y
y
t ; m .

53

,
- , .

. ,
(1) .
.

.
1.

, , R . rw . ,
. (1)

h 1
h
m
(2)
=
(rkh ) , (r , t ) = {rw < r < R, 0 < t T } .
t r r
r

, H (t ) .

w = (h H ) ,
d
, d .
, (2)

h 1
h
m
=
(rkh ) (h H ) ,
t r r
r d
(r , t ) = {rw < r < R, 0 < t T } .
(3)
, t = 0 , .. (3) :
h(r , 0) = (r ) .
(4)
, q (t ) , (3) r = rw

h
2rkh
(5)
= q (t ) , r = rw , 0 < t T .
r

..

54

,

h
(6)
= 0, r = R, 0 < t T .
r
, H (t ) . , H (t ) h(r , t )
(3)(6). ,
. , (3)
h(r , t ) = f (t ) , r = rw , 0 < t T .
(7)
, h(r , t ), H (t ) , (3) (4)(7). (3)(7)
, [4].
2.

(3) (4) (7) .


,
,
. :

r
t
h
H
k
q
, t= *, h= *, H = *, k = *, q = *,
R
t
h
h
k
q
2
r

f
T
R
f = * , = * , rw = w , T = * , w = * * ,
R
h
h
t
hk d

r=

h* , k * , t * =

mR 2

, q* = 2k * h*2 .
k * h*
, (3) (7)

h 1
h
=
(8)
(rkh ) wh + wH , (r , t ) = {rw < r < 1, 0 < t T } ;
t r r
r

h(r , 0) = (r ) ;

(9)

h
= q (t ) , r = rw , 0 < t T ;
r

(10)

h
= 0, r =1, 0 < t T ;
r

(11)

h(r , t ) = f (t ) , r = rw , 0 < t T .

(12)

rkh

(8) (12) ,
[5, 6].

55


h = {(ri , t j ) : ri = r0 + ir , t j = j t , r0 = rw , i = 0,1, 2,...N , j = 0,1, 2,...M }
r = 1/ N r t = T / M t . - , (8)(12)
h
h j +1 hi j +1
h j +1 hi j+11
hi j +1 hi j
1
=
r 1k 1hj 1 i
r 1 k 1 h j 1 i +1
whi j +1 + wH j +1 ,
i i i
ri r i + 2 i + 2 i +
r
t
r

2
2
2

i = 1, 2, 3, ....N 1, j = 0,1, 2, 3, ...., M 1 ,

hi0 = i , i = 0, N ,
r0 k0 h0j

h1j +1 h0j +1
= q j +1 ,
r

hNj +1 hNj +11


=0,
r
h0j +1 = f
i = (ri ), q j +1 = q (t j +1 ), f

H j +1 H (t j +1 ) , r

1
2

= ri

j +1

j +1

= f (t j +1 ), hi j h(ri , t j ),

h j + hi j1
k (r ) + k (ri 1 )
r
.
, k 1 = i
, hj 1 = i
i
2
2
2
i
2
2

:
ai hi j+11 ci hi j +1 + bi hi j++11 = (

ri r 2 j
hi + wri r 2 H j +1 ) , i = 1, N 1 , j = 0, M 1 ;
t
hi0 = i , i = 0, N ;

(14)

h0j +1 = h1j +1 + v ;

(15)

hNj +1 = hNj +11 ;

(16)

j +1

(17)

h0j +1 = f
j
1k 1h 1;
i i i
2
2
2

ai = r

, j = 0,1, 2,...M 1 ,

j
1k 1h 1;
i+ i+ i+
2
2
2

bi = r

(13)

ci = ai + bi +

ri r 2
q j +1
+ wri r 2 , v =
.
t
r0 k0 h0j

(13)(17)
hi j +1 = i +1hi j++11 + i +1 , i = 0,1, 2,..., N 1 ,

(18)

i +1 , i +1 .
hi j+11 :
hi j+11 = i hi j +1 + i .

..

56

hi j +1 , hi j+11 (13),
i +1 , i +1 :
i +1 =

bi
, i +1 =
ci ai i

ai i +

ri r 2 j
h + wri r 2 H j +1
t i
,
ci ai i

i = 1, 2, ..., N 1 .

i , i (18) i = 0 , .. h0j +1 = 1h1j +1 + 1 , (15):

1 = 1,

1 = v.

i+1
i +1 =

i +1 = si i + yi + zi H j +1 ,

ai
ri r 2
wri r 2
i +
hi j +
H j +1 ,
ci ai i
t (ci ai i )
ci ai i

si =

(19)

ai
ri r 2
wri r 2
hi j , zi =
, yi =
.
t (ci ai i )
ci ai i
ci ai i

i , zi , i = 1, 2,..., N ,

i +1 = si i + yi ,
zi +1 = si zi + zi ,
1 = 1 , z1 = 0 .
, (19)

i +1 = i +1 + zi +1 H j +1 ,

i = 1, 2, ..., N 1 .

(20)

h0j +1 hNj +1 . (18) i = 0 :

h0j +1 = 1h1j +1 + 1 .
h1j +1 , .. h1j +1 = 2 h2j +1 + 2 ,

h0j +1 = 1 ( 2 h2j +1 + 2 ) + 1 .
, h2j +1 , h3j +1 ,..., hNj +11 ,
, h0j +1 hNj +1 :
N

i 1

i =1

i =2

l =1

h0j +1 = hNj +1 i + i l + 1 .

(21)

57

hNj +11 :

hNj +11 = N hNj +1 + N ,


hNj +1 = hNj +11 ,
, hNj +1 N :

hNj +1 =

N
.
1 N

(22)

(22) (21),
h0j +1 =

N
1 N

i 1

i =1

i=2

l =1

i + i l + 1 .

(20)

h0j +1 =

N
1 N

i + H j +1
i =1

zN
1 N

i 1

i 1

i =1

i=2

l =1

i =2

l =1

i + i l + H j +1 zi l +1 .


H (t ) t = t j +1 :

H j +1 =

j +1

h0j +1

N
1 N

zN
1 N

i =1
N

i=2
N

i 1

i i l 1
l =1
i 1

i + zi l
i =1

i=2

l =1

, (22) hNj +1

(18) hNj +11 , hNj +12 ,..., h1j +1 .


.
,
.
3.

. . H (t ), q (t ), (r ) (8)(11). h(rw , t ) = f (t ) H (t ) .

. f (t ) ,
f (t ) = f (t ) + (t ) ,

..

58

(t ) , , .
- h = 0.0499, = 0.04 . ,

k = 2, w = 40, q = 0.02, H (t ) = 20 5sin t , (r ) = 15 ,


3
;
t , H t H (t ) , H H
H (t ) .
= 0.5 = 1.2 .

T

Ht

0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
2.4
2.8
3.2
3.6
4.0
4.4
4.8
5.2
5.6
6.0

17.966
16.284
15.245
15.027
15.670
17.061
18.960
21.040
22.939
24.330
24.973
24.755
23.716
22.034
20.00

17.978
16.290
15.246
15.027
15.672
17.068
18.974
21.059
22.963
24.358
25.002
24784
23.742
22.057
20.018

= 0.5
18.207
16.314
15.214
14.785
16.006
17.097
18.874
21.577
23.574
24.768
25.165
24.923
24.100
22.369
20.393

= 1.2
18.529
16.348
15.170
14.446
16.475
17.137
18.735
22.303
24.429
25.343
25.395
25.117
24.600
22.805
20.919

, H (t ) 0.1 %. , , H (t ) . ,
5.07 %, 6.01 %.
. , .

59

1. - .. . .: , 1977.
2. .. . - .
.: , 1977.
3. .. . .: , 1973.
4. .., .. . .: , 2009.
5. .. // - . 2012. . 85. 5. . 925930.
6. ..
// . 2012. . 5.
4. . 392396.
16.12.2014 .
Gamzaev Kh.M. ON NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF THE FLUID FLOW IN A DUALCOMPLETION WATER-BEARING SYSTEM
DOI 10.17223/19988621/35/7
The motion of an incompressible fluid in a one-dimensional water-bearing stratum is considered in the presence of a pressure communication with the underlying stratum. The hydraulic
pressure head in the lower stratum is considered to be unknown. The question of modeling the
process is reduced to solving the inverse problem of reconstructing the right-hand side of differential equations of the fluid motion. A finite-difference analog of the inverse problem is constructed and a computational algorithm for solving the resulting system of finite-difference equations is proposed.
Keywords: water-bearing stratum, pressure communication, inverse problem of reconstructing the
right-hand side, finite-difference method.
GAMZAEV KhanlarMekhvaly ogly (Doctor of Technical Sciences,
Azerbaijan State Oil Academy, Baku, Azerbaijan)
E-mail: xan.h@rambler.ru
REFERENCES
1. Polubarinova-Kochina P.Ya. Teoriya dvizheniya gruntovykh vod. Moskow, Nauka Publ., 1977.
(in Russian)
2. Verigin N.N. et al. Gidrodinamicheskie i fiziko-khimicheskie svoystva gornykh porod. Moskow, Nedra Publ., 1977. (in Russian)
3. Bondarenko N.F. Fizika dvizheniya podzemnykh vod. Moskow, Nedra Publ., 1973. (in Russian)
4. Samarskiy A.A., Vabishchevich P.N. Chislennye metody resheniya obratnykh zadach
matematicheskoy fiziki. Moskow, Izdatel'stvo LKI, 2009. (in Russian)
5. Gamzaev Kh.M. Chislennyy metod resheniya obratnoy zadachi porshnevogo vytesneniya nefti
iz plasta vodoy. Inzhenerno-fizicheskiy zhurnal, 2012, vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 925930. (in Russian)
6. Gamzaev Kh.M. Chislennyy metod resheniya obratnoy zadachi uprugovodonapornogo rezhima razrabotki neftyanogo plasta. Vychislitel'naya mekhanika sploshnykh sred, 2012, vol. 5,
no. 4, pp. 392396. (in Russian)