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P251 FINAL EXAM REVIEW

#1 - SYSTEMS OF MEASUREMENT
 Base SI units :
Length (m), Mass (kg), Time (s), Temperature (K)
Chap.

 Conversion of units.
#2 - MOTION IN 1D
 De nitions:
Position, Displa ement, Speed,
Average/Instantaneous Velo ity, Relative Velo ity,
Average/Instantaneous A eleration.
Chap.

 1-D Equations of motion:


v = v0 + at
x = v0t + 1=2at2
v2 = v02 + 2ax
x = 1=2(v + v0)t
x = vt 1=2at2
 For free-fall: a ! -g, x x0 ! y

y0

#3 - MOTION IN 2 and 3D
 De nitions: s alars, ve tors
 Ve tor operations: ~a  ~b; ve tor magnitude.
 Proje tile motion: paraboli (symmetri traje tory)
 vx= onstant, ax=0, ay=-g
 x = v0xt, y = v0yt 1=2gt2
 Steps to solving proje tile motion problems.
Chap.

#4 - NEWTON'S LAWS
 Newtonian me hani s: Newton's three laws of motion
 Newton's se ond law: F~ = m~a (F measured in N)
 Con ept of weight vs. mass.
 Free-body diagrams. For es: T, mg, N, et .
 Resolving for es into the di erent oordinate dire tions.
 Steps to solving problems with Newton's laws.
Chap.

#5 - APPS OF NEWTON'S LAWS


 Fri tional for es: fs  sN , fK = K N
 Uniform ir ular motion: a=v2/r, Towards enter!!
 Centripetal for e: F = mv2/r, Towards enter!!
Chap.

#6 { WORK AND ENERGY


 De nition of Kineti Energy : K = 1/2 mv2.
 De nition of Work :
W = F~  d~r.
 Work by onstant/variable for es.
 Work-Kineti Energy Theorem.
 De nition of onservative for e ) Path Independen e.
 Grav. for e Fg = -mg; Spring for e Fs = -kx.
 Work by Fg and Fs.
 De nition of Power : P = dW/dt = F~  ~v.
 De nition of potential energy :
W = -U.
 Gravitational U = mgy; Elasti U = 1/2 kx2.
Chap.

Chap.

#7 { CONSERVATION OF ENERGY

 Me hani al energy : E = K + U.
 Conservation of me hani al energy.
 Conservation of total energy: K + U + Eint = 0
Chap.

#8 { SYSTEMS OF PARTICLES

AND CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

 De nition of enter of mass :

~r m = (1=M )imiri.

 Newton's 2nd law for a system of parti les. (vCM , aCM )


 F = dp/dt ) Conservation of linear momentum.
 Elasti ollisions (both kineti energy and momentum
onserved).
 Inelasti ollisions (momentum onserved).
 De nition of ompletely inelasti ollision.
 Center-of-mass motion in ollision.

Chap.

#9 - ROTATION

 Analogs of linear equations of motion in , !, .


 Moment of Inertia;

Parallel-axis Theorem.

 Rotational Kineti Energy:


 De nition of Torque:

K = 1/2 I!2.
~ = ~r  F~

 Newton's se ond law for rotation : ~ = I~ .


 Rotational work and power.
 Kineti energy for rolling system.
Chap.

#10 - ANGULAR MOMENTUM

 De nition of angular momentum. L~ = ~r  p~


~
 F~ = d~p=dt, ~ = dL=dt

 Conservation of angular momentum.

Chap.

#11 - GRAVITY

 Kepler's laws.
 De nition of Newton's gravitational law.
 Es ape speed.
Chap.

#12 - STATIC EQUILIBRIUM AND ...

 Requirements for stati equilibrium. Balan e of for es,


balan e of torques.
 Equilibrium al ulation.

Equation List { P251 Final Exam

g = 9.81 m/s2,

G = 6.6710 11 Nm2/kg2

v = v0 + at,

x = v0t + 21 at2, v2 = v02 + 2ax, x = 21 (v + v0)t


! = !0 + t,  = !0t + 12 t2, !2 = !02 + 2 ,  = 21 (! + !0)t
v = dx=dt, a = dv=dt, a = v2=r, s = r, v = !r, a = r

~
F~ = M~a = d~p=dt ~ = I~ = dL=dt
~ = ~r  p~ = I~!
~ = ~r  F~
L
ext

ext

= F~  d~r,
=-kx,

Fspr

= dW=dr K = 12 MV 2
= 12 kx2, F = GM1M2=r2,

= K = U
U = -GM1M2=r

Uspr

M m~r m = Mi~ri,

p~ m = M~v m

~a  ~b = j~ajj~bj os 

~a  ~b = j~ajj~bj sin 

Ring: I = MR2; Solid disk: I = 21 MR2; Solid sphere: I = 25 MR2


Hollow sphere: I = 32 MR2 Uniform bar: I = 121 ML2
R

Parallel-axis theorem: I = I + MR2


m

Break Down of P251 Final Exam


Part A { 2 Point Questions
1. Understanding free fall.
2. Graphi al interpretation.
3. De nition of enter of mass.
4. Newton's 2nd law.
5. Work al ulation.
6. Work al ulation.
7. Energy onservation.
8. Momentum onservation.
9. Cir ular motion.
10. De nition of a eleration.
11. Moment of inertia al ulation.
12. Rolling motion.
13. Angular momentum onservation.
14. Angular momentum onservation.
15. Newton's law of gravitation.
16. Equilibrium understanding.
17. Equilibrium understanding.
18. De nition of torque

Part B { 12 Point Questions


1. Proje tile motion.
2. Dynami s problem using Newton's 2nd law.
3. Rotational ollision / Angular momentum onservation