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# P251 FINAL EXAM REVIEW

#1 - SYSTEMS OF MEASUREMENT
 Base SI units :
Length (m), Mass (kg), Time (s), Temperature (K)
Chap.

 Conversion of units.
#2 - MOTION IN 1D
 De nitions:
Position, Displa ement, Speed,
Average/Instantaneous Velo ity, Relative Velo ity,
Average/Instantaneous A eleration.
Chap.

##  1-D Equations of motion:

v = v0 + at
x = v0t + 1=2at2
v2 = v02 + 2ax
x = 1=2(v + v0)t
x = vt 1=2at2
 For free-fall: a ! -g, x x0 ! y

y0

#3 - MOTION IN 2 and 3D
 De nitions: s alars, ve tors
 Ve tor operations: ~a  ~b; ve tor magnitude.
 Proje tile motion: paraboli (symmetri traje tory)
 vx= onstant, ax=0, ay=-g
 x = v0xt, y = v0yt 1=2gt2
 Steps to solving proje tile motion problems.
Chap.

#4 - NEWTON'S LAWS
 Newtonian me hani s: Newton's three laws of motion
 Newton's se ond law: F~ = m~a (F measured in N)
 Con ept of weight vs. mass.
 Free-body diagrams. For es: T, mg, N, et .
 Resolving for es into the di erent oordinate dire tions.
 Steps to solving problems with Newton's laws.
Chap.

## #5 - APPS OF NEWTON'S LAWS

 Fri tional for es: fs  sN , fK = K N
 Uniform ir ular motion: a=v2/r, Towards enter!!
 Centripetal for e: F = mv2/r, Towards enter!!
Chap.

## #6 { WORK AND ENERGY

 De nition of Kineti Energy : K = 1/2 mv2.
 De nition of Work :
W = F~  d~r.
 Work by onstant/variable for es.
 Work-Kineti Energy Theorem.
 De nition of onservative for e ) Path Independen e.
 Grav. for e Fg = -mg; Spring for e Fs = -kx.
 Work by Fg and Fs.
 De nition of Power : P = dW/dt = F~  ~v.
 De nition of potential energy :
W = -U.
 Gravitational U = mgy; Elasti U = 1/2 kx2.
Chap.

Chap.

#7 { CONSERVATION OF ENERGY

 Me hani al energy : E = K + U.
 Conservation of me hani al energy.
 Conservation of total energy: K + U + Eint = 0
Chap.

#8 { SYSTEMS OF PARTICLES

##  De nition of enter of mass :

~r m = (1=M )imiri.

##  Newton's 2nd law for a system of parti les. (vCM , aCM )

 F = dp/dt ) Conservation of linear momentum.
 Elasti ollisions (both kineti energy and momentum
onserved).
 Inelasti ollisions (momentum onserved).
 De nition of ompletely inelasti ollision.
 Center-of-mass motion in ollision.

Chap.

#9 - ROTATION

##  Analogs of linear equations of motion in , !, .

 Moment of Inertia;

Parallel-axis Theorem.

##  Rotational Kineti Energy:

 De nition of Torque:

K = 1/2 I!2.
~ = ~r  F~

##  Newton's se ond law for rotation : ~ = I~ .

 Rotational work and power.
 Kineti energy for rolling system.
Chap.

##  De nition of angular momentum. L~ = ~r  p~

~
 F~ = d~p=dt, ~ = dL=dt

##  Conservation of angular momentum.

Chap.

#11 - GRAVITY

 Kepler's laws.
 De nition of Newton's gravitational law.
 Es ape speed.
Chap.

##  Requirements for stati equilibrium. Balan e of for es,

balan e of torques.
 Equilibrium al ulation.

## Equation List { P251 Final Exam

g = 9.81 m/s2,

G = 6.6710 11 Nm2/kg2

v = v0 + at,

## x = v0t + 21 at2, v2 = v02 + 2ax, x = 21 (v + v0)t

! = !0 + t,  = !0t + 12 t2, !2 = !02 + 2 ,  = 21 (! + !0)t
v = dx=dt, a = dv=dt, a = v2=r, s = r, v = !r, a = r

~
F~ = M~a = d~p=dt ~ = I~ = dL=dt
~ = ~r  p~ = I~!
~ = ~r  F~
L
ext

ext

= F~  d~r,
=-kx,

Fspr

= dW=dr K = 12 MV 2
= 12 kx2, F = GM1M2=r2,

= K = U
U = -GM1M2=r

Uspr

M m~r m = Mi~ri,

p~ m = M~v m

~a  ~b = j~ajj~bj os 

~a  ~b = j~ajj~bj sin 

## Ring: I = MR2; Solid disk: I = 21 MR2; Solid sphere: I = 25 MR2

Hollow sphere: I = 32 MR2 Uniform bar: I = 121 ML2
R

m

## Break Down of P251 Final Exam

Part A { 2 Point Questions
1. Understanding free fall.
2. Graphi al interpretation.
3. De nition of enter of mass.
4. Newton's 2nd law.
5. Work al ulation.
6. Work al ulation.
7. Energy onservation.
8. Momentum onservation.
9. Cir ular motion.
10. De nition of a eleration.
11. Moment of inertia al ulation.
12. Rolling motion.
13. Angular momentum onservation.
14. Angular momentum onservation.
15. Newton's law of gravitation.
16. Equilibrium understanding.
17. Equilibrium understanding.
18. De nition of torque

## Part B { 12 Point Questions

1. Proje tile motion.
2. Dynami s problem using Newton's 2nd law.
3. Rotational ollision / Angular momentum onservation