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IM

2013


OSI---------------------------------------4-6 .
TCP/IP-----------------------------------6-7 c.
-----------------------------------------7-9 .
------9-11 .
Packet Tracer---12 c.
Asterisk----------------------------------------------13-14 .
VPN--------------------------------------------------15-16 .
----------------------------------17 .
------------------------------------------------18 .

Planul de practic al studentului xghdf


2

3
4

8
9

Denumirea etapei
Introducerea in transferul de date.

Modelul OSI, TCP/IP.

Protocolul TCP, UDP.


Introducere n telefonie.

Definirea termenilor,

Tipurile de telefonie, analogic.

Telefonia IP.

Comunicaii unificate.
Telefonia VoIP.

Descriere tehnologiei.

Protocoale Utilizate.
Protocoale.

H323

SIP
Studierea Echipamentelor VoIP.

Centrale PBX.

VoIP Gateway, IP Phone.


Software VoIP.

Servere VoIP, Asterisk.

Soft Phone 3CX, eyebeam.


Descrierea reelelor.

Topologii de reea. Reele dedicate. Reele virtuale.

Reele publice VoIP. QoS.


Configurarea Echipamentelor VoIP.

Configurarea serverului PBX.

Configurarea echipamentelor terminale.


Securitatea n comunicaii VoIP.

Autentificarea.

Criptarea datelor.

Tuneluri VPN.

Coordonat

ef DTM

OSI

Termen, zile
2

.1 OSI
OSI
OSI
Application.
, , HTML

.
HTTP, FTP, SMPT, POP3, .
,
FTP (FileZilla FTP
), SMPT, POP3,
IMAP4 .

,
OSI. Presentation.
- .
, (
).
4

OSI

Session.
.

OSI (transport),
,
, .
OSI
,
(Network), ,
.
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
.

.

OSI (Data-Link),

. ,
,
,
, .
OSI
,
(Physical). ,
- , .
.

TCP/ IP

.2 TCP/IP
TCP/IP .
.
,
.
TCP/IP:

- ,
;
- ;
- ;
- -;
- ;


.
OSI.
TCP UDP;

()


.
6

, .
(IP
).
IP ,

;

(-) ,

IP . ,
.

:
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) ( )
,

TCP/IP.
OSI.
TCP , ,
,
,

.
UDP
. TCP, ,
, TCP
.
, TCP
, , -.
TCP

.
TCP. TCP ,
, .
UDP (User Datagram Protocol) - UDP
,
IP.
, ,
7

IP. UDP

. , ,
,
. IP- ,
, "",
, " " - .
SIP(Session Initiation Protocol) - ,

-,
(- , , -).
OSI SIP
. ,
(, ) ,
, , ,
.

,
(, RTP).

,
(
-).
.

( )

( )

( )

RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol)


.
Audio-Video Transport Working Group IETF
1996 RFC 1889, RFC
3550 2003 .
RTP ,
,
(JPEG, MPEG . .).
, ,
.

, .

:

1993 ().
1995 VocalTec
Internet Phone,
PC, Windows.
Internet Phone.
Internet Phone
VocalTec .
. ,
()

( ),
.
( ) ( )
(, )

(),
.
,

: ISDN, VoIP, DECT, GSM .

ISDN Integrated Services


Digital Network - .
,
,
( )
. ISDN
,
(,
, .), .

.
. ,
, , -
, "" .
ISDN
, ,
,

( ) ,

.

IP-
(Private Branch eXchange - PBX). IP PBX
IP-, ,
IP-,
- .

.
IP-
SIP, H.323.

10/100 / Fast Ethernet ( Wi-Fi)


IP-

IP-
SIP,
(, CISCO).
IP- PoE (Power over
Ethernet),
.

( ,
), IP
:
(
, .)

(
IP-
,
)

(
)

( )

/ ( )

10

(
)


VoIP Cisco Packet Tracer

11

.3. IP

Router A, Router B, Router C WAN.

RIP ( RIP

.)

IP Switch.

,
.

IP ,
DHCP .

DHCP A.

, Botanica
IP . Riscani

Asterisk
12

Asterisk -
VoIP. Asterisk Linux
,
.Asterisk
,
. Asterisk
, -, .
Caller ID, ADSI, SIP H.323. Asterisk
TDM
. Asterisk
,
. Asterisk

, . Asterisk
,
.
IAX (Inter-Asterisk eXchange) VoIP ,
.
, ,
URL ,
, . Asterisk
API
, ,
.
,
.
Asterisk GNU/Linux x/86.
OpenBSD, FreeBSD, and Mac OS.

13


Virtual Machine Workstation

CentOS .

FreePBX.

IP
.

IP freepbx

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