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1.1. WindowsXP?

OC Microsoft, , , W9x NT.


Whistler, : WindowsXP, W9x W2kPro, Windows.NET,
NT Server . , Windows2000,
WindowsNT. WindowsXP. 32-
. , NT. :
1. (Compatibility). Windows, ,
NTFS5, NTFS4, FAT16 FAT32. , MSDOS, W9x, NT4,
OS/2 POSIX, . NT ,
Unix- Novell-.
2. (Portability). x86 Intel AMD. 64-
WindowsXP Windows.NET, Intel Itanium. ,
.
3. (Scalability). WindowsXP SMP. Windows.NET Advanced Server Datacenter Server
COW (Cluster Of Workstations).
4. (Security). NT .
5. (Distributed processing). WindowsXP ,
- "-".
6. (Reliability and robustness).
. ,
NTFS
.
7. (Localization). ,
ISO Unicode.
8. (Extensibility).
.
1.2. build ? XP? ?
- 2600. winver, , ntoskrnl.exe.
, - Windows, (Windows Product activation), .
, crack, - ,
, . , ( ,

, , , ), ,
. , "" , .
, Microsoft OEM . .
1.3. Windows Product Activation, ?
, Microsoft .
Terminal Service, W2k Server, , , Microsoft.
: , XP,
, Product ID. 20 , ( , )
Activation Code, Windows . Microsoft,
. . , 30 XP
, . . Product ID
, , Activation Code
, . , . ,
XP, System Summary, Programs -> Accessories -> System tools -> System Information.
Activation Status Activation Pending (XX days remaining), XX XP . ,
XP, Programs -> Accessories -> System Tools -> Activate Windows.
, XP , . (
), Activation Pending System Information .
1.4. XP ?
- Windows XP Home Edition Windows XP Professional. , 64- Windows XP
Professional, 64- Intel Itanium. Widows.NET Server, Windows.NET Advanced Server Windows.NET Datacenter
Server (x86 64 bit edition ). XP Home W9x ( ), XP Professional
Windows2000 Professional. SMP XP Home. ,
, XP Home NT, 25 2001 ( XP)
W9x, MS-DOS . Windows.NET XP ,
, . , XP Pro SMP , NET Server 4, NET
Advanced Server 8, NET Datacenter Server 32.
1.5. XP?
Microsoft , XP 233 , 64 1.5
. , - , 500 128
. , , , XP W2k,
"" , . ,
W2k, XP, , . NT, XP
, 512 , . 256 Mb ,
. , XP
, . . ,
, XP , Microsoft, .

1.6. ?
W2k, NT , XP
. , w2k, .
, W2k. Sound Blaster 2 General MIDI,
Worms, Duke Nukem 3D, Warcraft 1 2, Dune 2.
, XP . , (shortcut) ,
Compatibility Properties . , ,
( ).
acompat.exe W2k, XP , - (
MS-DOS setver), Windows, .
, Program Compatibility Wizard, Start - Programs - Accessories. ,
, 100% ,
, , XP.
1.7. DLL-hell?
. , , - . ,
DLL . , W2k SFC, System File
Protection. , - , . , Microsoft
, ,
DLL, . , DLL - , .
, , DLL ,
. DLL WinSxS, Windows Side by Side ( ), .
1.8. Dynamic Disk?
, . W2k XP.
:
1. (simple). , .
2. (spanned). , . .
3. (stripped). , .
. , , . , ,
, . , .
, , ,
, . , Stripped Volume, , .
Stripped Volume. IDE-RAID ,
RAID .
4. (mirrored). . , ,
. , .
5. RAID5. . stripped volume . , , ,
ECC, ,
. ECC , .
, mirrored volumes, .

FAT32, NTFS. Dynamic disk Disk Management Computer Management.


: , simple, .
, Disk Management, (
) . , , ,
, fdisk . ,
, , ,
volume set .
1.9. Task Manager?
Task Manager - NT, . Ctrl+Shift+Esc,
, Taskbar-. Task manager XP - Applications, Processes,
Performance, Networking Users. Performance.
() ( ,
), , / , Swap. , Threads Processes, - , ,
Peak - Swap- , Nonpaged - , . ,
, " ", (
Performance Monitor).
, Processes, , .
, : PID (Process ID), ,
, . , XP,
User Name. , , . /
View -> Select Columns.
, . ,
, ("") (End Process) , ,
"" (End Process Tree). , Real-Time , Low.
, , Set Affinity, ,
Cpu 0, Cpu1, Cpu31.
- Applications "" . Task Manager ""
, . File -> New task (Run..). . ,
, "" ( explorer.exe), . ,
explorer.exe. , , progman.exe, W3.1,
, .
Networking. , Task Manager XP. .

Users. , . ,
, .
, , Task Manager .
1.10. XP Microsoft?
Microsoft . ,
, , . , , .
"" , . -, Microsoft "",
, XP, , PC. W2k,
KDE 1.2, XP (
-) KDE 2.0. " ",
, W2k W98.
1.11. antialiasing XP?
Display Properties, Appearance, Effects... Use following metod to smooth edges if screen font.
Standard, , Microsoft W95, ,
. ClearFont, ,
Microsoft LCD , Windows CE. CRT , AA,
, , , ... , : .
, HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop, FontSmoothingType 1 -
Standard AA, 2 - ClearType, 0, . , .
1.12. Tackbar Start Menu?
Taskbar , Properties.
, Taskbar, . , Taskbar Appearance :
Lock the taskbar / quick launch ,
. , quick launch .
Auto-hide taskbar W98, , ,
.
Keep taskbar on top of other windows , .
Group similar taskbar buttons , . ,
IE, , , .
Show Quick Launch/ Quick launch.
, Notification area.
Show the clock/ .
Hide inactive icons notification area. customize, ,
, , , , ,

.
- Start Menu. , Start menu Classic start menu. , ,
. Customize ,
. Start Menu , ,
Internet E-Mail, ,
(Display as link - , Display as menu - , Don't display item -
).
Classic Start Menu , W2k, , ,
, Start Menu Run.
1.13. , . , .
? ?
View, .
, Thumbs.db.
1.14. , ?
NT, XP , .
XP, , . - ,
. , ,
. Users Accounts Control Panel.
, , XP, Guest, (
, Administrator, ,
). , ,
, , .
Change the way users log on and off. Use the Welcome screen , -
. , NT,
. Welcome Screen .
, Crtl+Alt+Del, . ,
control userapasswords2. .
, Advanced, Require Users To Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete check box,
Secure Logon.
Advanced Advanced User Management,
NT Local Users and Groups ( Control Panel - Administrative Tools - Computer Management - Local Users and
Groups ). NT ,
, , ....
, , , ,
Local Security Setings Administrative Tools.

, , . control
userpasswords2, c users must enter a user name and password to use this computer. Users for
this computer: , , .
1.15. ?
Safe mode. , . ,
Welcome screen. (Administrator), , . Welcome
screen, , Ctrl+Alt+Del, , .
, Administrator', , administrator'
. , User Accounts (control userapasswords2)
.
1.16. autoexec.bat config.sys XP?
. C:\WINDOWS\system32\, autoexec.nt config.nt. ,
NTVDM ( DOS) Win32 .
Sound Blaster 2.0, NTVDM. autoexec.nt (IRQ, I/O ,
DMA). SET BLASTER=A220 I5 D1 P330 " ",
SB, , , . ,
, NTVDM .
, autoexec.nt Win16-.
" " ("My Computer") "" ("Advanced") -> " " ("Environment
Variables").
: W2k autoexec.bat, path, ,
" ". ,
HKCU\Software\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon ParseAutoexec: REG_SZ: 0.
1.17. Windows XP Professional Windows XP Home?
, XP Pro XP Home , NT 5.1. ,
XP Home , XP Pro. XP Home :

Remote Desktop .

Scalable processor support .

Encrypting File System .

Access Control , .

Offline Files and Folders .

Centralized administration .

Group Policy .

Software Installation and Maintenance , , .

Roaming User Profiles , .

Remote Installation Service (RIS) .

Multi-lingual User Interface (MUI) add-on .

, , XP Home Simple File Sharing .


1.18. Up Time ( )?
(cmd) systeminfo. , uptime.
1.19. regedit32.exe? .
NT . ,
, Regedit.
1.20. XP?
. StyleBuilder.