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Science III

Name:_______________________
Section:________________

Date:____________
Score:___________

Direction: Encircle the letter of the best answer.


1. A teaspoon of sugar is dissolved in a cup of water. Which is the solute in
the solution?
a. sugar
b. water
c. cup
d.
teaspoon
2. Sterling silver is made out of copper and silver. Which term correctly
describes the silver? a. solute b. solvent c. dispersed phase
d.
dispersion medium
3. PAU liniment is known for being effective in muscle pains, headaches, and
insect bites. What is the solvent used in PAU liniment?
a. water
b. alcohol
c. oil
d. kerosene
4. Which of these solutions is in the solid state?
a. tincture of iodine b. dry air
c. brass
d. rubbing
alcohol
5. Which of the following statements about the types of solution is true?
a. The solvent in the gaseous solution can never be a gas.
b. Solution can be classified according to the state of the solvent.
c. The solute and solvent in a solution can be a gas, liquid or solid.
d. The solution, solute and solvent can be a gas, liquid or solid.
6. Solution equilibrium happens when
a. Dissolution stops and crystallization starts.
b. Dissolution and crystallization stops.
c. Dissolution and crystallization continue at the same speed.
d. Dissolution slows down and crystallization continues at the same speed.
7. Which of the following processes favors the formation of a solution?
I. Breaking of solute-solvent interaction III. Breaking of solute-solute
interaction
II. Forming of solute-solvent interaction
a. I only
B. II and III only
c. I and II only
d. I, II, III
8. Choi added a big crystal of salt in a cold solution. He observed that the
salt crystal increased in size. How can you describe the cold solution?
a. unsaturated b. saturated
c. supersaturated d. polar
9. Which of the following statements describe saturated solution?
a. The additional solute in the solution will readily dissolve.
b. The additional solute in the solution does not dissolve.
c. The additional solute in the solution increase in size.
d. The additional solute bubbles and escape in the solution.
10. A salt crystal when added to unsaturated solution still dissolves. What is
the best explanation for this?
a. The solution has not reached the saturation point.
b. The solution has reached the saturation point already.
c. The interaction of solute-solvent in the solution was strong.
d. The size of the salt crystal is small relative to the amount of solvent.
11.Which of the following describes the supersaturated solution?
a. The solution holds the maximum amount of solute it can dissolve.
b. The solution has strong solute-solute interaction.
c. The solution holds less solute than the normal amount it can hold.
d. The solution holds more than the normal amount of solute that it can
hold.
12. Which of the following does NOT describe a supersaturated solution?
a. Additional crystal in the solution increase in size.
b. The solution holds more than the normal amount of solute it can hold.
c. No solute crystallizes on cooling in the solution.
d. Solute crystals are left at the bottom of the solution.

13. Which of the following statements is NOT true?


a. There is a maximum amount of solute that can dissolve in the solvent at
specific temperature.
b. Supersaturated solution will readily changed back into saturated solution when
stirred.
c. Additional of solute in a saturated solution will not further increase its
concentration.

d. Any amount of solute can dissolve in a given amount of solvent.


14. Sophie made an experiment about solubility. She filled a test tube with
5ml water and added one measured level scoop of salt and shakes the
contents thoroughly. What observation can she make out of her
experiment?
a. The salt dissolved in water.
c. The volume of water in a test
tube increases.
b. The salt does not dissolve in water. d. The physical property of water does not
change.

15. Which of the following statements is correct?


a. Pressure changes have little effect on solubility if the solute is a liquid or
solid.
b. The solubility of a gas in a liquid usually increases as temperature
increases.
c. A supersaturated solution is an example of a dynamic system.
d. All solids are soluble in a liquid as temperature rises.
16. The solubility of CO2 gas in a liquid will decrease if
a. pressure is increased
c. temperature is increased
b. temperature is decreased
d. pressure is decreased
17. What condition will favor the carbonation process during beer
manufacture?
a. low temperature & low pressure
c. high temperature & high
pressure
b. low temperature & high pressure
d. high temperature & low pressure
18. Fishkill regularly take place on hot summer days. Fishkill occur in summer
is due to
a. eutrophication
c. increase in dissolved oxygen
b. decrease in dissolved oxygen
d. increase in biological oxygen
demand
19. What would be the effect of increased temperature in the solubility of O2
gas in water?
a. Solubility of O2 in water increases with temperature increase.
b. Solubility of O2 in water decreases with temperature increase.
c. Solubility of O2 in water does not change with temperature increase.
d. All of the above
20. Why are carbonated drinks stored in sealed containers?
a. To minimize effervescence of CO2 gas.
b. To increase the amount of CO2 dissolved in the solvent.
c. To maintain the atmospheric pressure of the beverage.
d. To maintain the beverages pressure greater than 1 atm.
21. Which of the following situations is possible?
a. Using water to wash oil-based paint left in benches.
b. Using water to remove bubble gum from a linoleum floor.
c. Using water to remove fats & grease on maong pants.
d. Using acetone to remove nail polish.
22. Ink from an ordinary fountain pen spreads if water is spilled on a page
written with it. However, ball pen ink written on paper does not spread when
water spreads on it. What explains this observation?
a. The ordinary pens ink is soluble in water while ball pen ink is not.
b. The ordinary pens ink is non polar while ball pen ink is polar.
c. The ordinary pens ink is insoluble in water while ball pen ink is not.
d. The ordinary pens ink and the ball pen ink are both polar.

23. Granulated sugar dissolves more rapidly than a cube of sugar. What
factor affects the rate of dissolving?
a. increased in temperature
c. surfaced area exposed
b. stirring
d. decrease in pressure
24. Which situation below is affected by temperature?
a. Sugar crystals dissolve faster in cold water when they are stirred.
b. Small pieces of panocha dissolves faster than whole panocha.
c. Sugar crystals dissolve faster at 800C than at 250C.
d. Biting taste of a softdrink is sustained in tightly closed container.
25. Mothball dissolves in kerosene but not in water. What explains this
observation?
a. Mothball and kerosene are both mixtures.
b. Mothball and kerosene are both polar materials.
c. Mothball and kerosene are both non polar materials.
d. Mothball and kerosene have the same dissolving power.
Analyze the table below and answer question #26.
Solubility of solute per 100g of water
Substance
o
10 C
30oC
50 oC
Carbon dioxide
0.232
0.126
0.076
Sulfur dioxide
16.210
7.800
0.393
Methane
0.003
0.002
0.001
26. How does solubility of gases in water related to temperature?
a. Solubility of gases in water increases with the increase in temperature.
b. Solubility of gases in water decreases with the increase in temperature.
c. Solubility of gases in water remains constant with the increase in
temperature.
d. Solubility of gases in water increases with the decrease in temperature.
27. A ceramic tile cleaner is essentially made of 130g HCL and 750g
water.130g HCl and 750g water. What is the percentage by mass of HCl?
a. 14.8%
b. 12%
c. 5.77%
d. 17.3%
28. A solution is prepared by dissolving 30.0g CH3COOH in water and the
final volume of the solution is 250ml. What is the molarity of the solution?
a.0.2M
b. 2M
c. 4M
d. 5M
29. What is the molarity of the solution prepared by dissolving 30g
urea(CO(NH2)2 in 6000g of water?
a. 0.08m
b. 1.00m
c. 5.00m
d. 8.33m
30. If 25g of CaCl2 makes a 2.5M of solution, what is the volume of the
solution?
a. 0.15L
b. 0.20L
c. 0.10L
d. 0.09L
31. What is the molality of a solution containing 1.5 moles MgCl2 in 950ml
solution?
a. 1.58 M
b. 0.00158 M
c. 3.58 M
d. 0.00358 M
32. What is the mass percentage of a solution made by dissolving 4.0 g NaCl
in 100 g water?
a. 4%
b. 5%
c. 3.85%
d. 5.85%
33. What is the difference between 1 molar & 1 molal solution?
I. A 1 molar solution contains 1 mole of solute in 1 liter of solution.
II. A 1 molal solution has 1 mole of solute in 1 kg of solvent.
III. A 1 molal solution has 1 mole of solute in 1 L of solution.
Iv. A 1 molar solution has 1 mole of solute in 1 kg of solvent.
a. I & IV
b. II & IV
c. II & III
d. I & II
34. A solution is prepared by mixing 90 g of sucrose (C12H22O11) and 18g of
water. What is the molal concentration of the solution?
a. 12.6m
b. 14.6m
c. 16.6m
d. 18.6m
35. A sample of 0.892g of KCl is dissolved in 54.6 g of water. What is the
percent by mass of KCl in this solution?
a. 1.61%
b. 2.61%
c. 3.61%
d. 4.61%
36. What does one(1) molar solution contain?

a. A mole of solute in 1 kg of solvent.


solution.
b. A mole of solute in 1 L of solvent.
solution.
37. A solution is dilute if _____________.
a The solvent is much greater than the solute.
solvent.
b.The solvent is much lesser than the solute.
amount.

c. A mole of solute in 1 L of
d. A mole of solute in 1 kg of
c. The solute is much greater than the
d. The solvent & solute have the same

38. Which of the following is NOT a concentration term?


a. vapor pressure
b. molality
c. molarity
d. percent by
mass
39. What is the correct procedure in preparing 550 ml of 5M NaOH solution?
I. Multiply the mass by the volume expressed in liters.
II. Weigh the mass of solute and add enough water until the desired
volume is reached.
III.Convert the number of moles by multiplying with the molar mass.
a. I, II, III
b. III, II, I
c. III, I, II
d. II, I III
40. What is the number of moles of 5.5M NaCl solution?
a. 5.5 moles
b. .0.095 moles
c. 0.0055 moles d. 6 moles
41. Arrange the following steps in their proper sequence so that at the end
you would have prepared 25 ml of 20% ethanol solution.
1. Measure 5ml of ethanol
3. Find the 20% of 25ml.
2. Add 20 ml of water to make 20% v/v ethanol solution.
a. 3, 2, 1
b. 1, 2, 3
c. 2, 3, 1
d. 3, 1, 2
42. How many moles of sugar are there in 5.0 liters of 2.0M solution?
a. 2 moles
b. 2.5 moles
c. 10 moles
d. 3 moles
43. When 10g salts is dissolved in 90ml water, the concentration of the
solution is
a. 10%
b. 9%
c. 90%
d. 100%
44. What is meant by 2.5M NaCl solution?
a. The solution has 2.5% in 100% solution.
c. The solution has 2.5 moles in 1kg
solvent.
b. The solution has 2.5g of NaCl in 97.5g water. d. The solution has 2.5 moles in 1L of
solution.

45. Lance is requested by his Chemistry teacher to prepare 150 cm3 of 30%
sodium chloride solution. How much sodium chloride will he prepare?
a. 180 g
b. 50 g
c. 45 g
d. 90 g
46. Which of the following instances involved osmosis?
a. Fish is preserve by adding salt.
b. Dried mushrooms swell when placed in water.
c. Toxic metabolic products in the body go with the urine.
d. Coconut oil color is removed by treatment with activated carbon.
47. A semi permeable surrounds a living cell. The cell contains a solution of
10% sucrose. What will happen to the cell if it is immersed in distilled water?
a. The cell will swell.
c. The cell will remain the
same.
b. The cell will shrink.
d. The water in the cell will flow
out.
48. Adding solute to pure solvent will cause
a. Elevation of freezing point.
c. Elevation of vapor
pressure.
b. Elevation of boiling point.
d. All of the above.
49. One molal sugar solution will have boiling point of
a. 100.520C
b. 101.860C
c. 1000C
d. 1030C
50. What will happen to the blood cell if the injected solution has an osmotic
pressure higher to that of the blood cell fluid?
a. The blood cell will swell since the injected solutions will pass into the cell.
b. The blood cell will shrink because the fluid will go out of the cell.
c. The blood cell will retain their integrity.

d. Both a & b.
51. The substances below are liquid at -500C. What should be the order of
increasing vapor pressure of the liquids?
0
Substance
Boiling Point
C
A
1-butanol
117
B
acetone
56
C
benzene
80
D
diethyl ether
34.5
a. D<B<C<A
b. B<D<C<A
c. C<A<B<D
d.
A<C<B<D
52. Which statement below is NOT true?
a. Lowering of vapor pressure will cause a decrease in boiling point.
b. Addition of a nonvolatile solute to a given solvent raises the boiling point
of the solution.
c. The freezing point of the solution is lower than the freezing point of the
solvent.
d. The boiling point of the solution is higher than that of the solvent.
53. What is the freezing point of a solution containing 4.27g of sugar
(C12H22O11) in 50g of water? a. -0.5120C
b. -0.4650C c. 100.130C d.
0
200.13 C
54. What is the boiling point of a solution containing 4.27g of sugar
(C12H22O11) in 50g of water?
a. -0.5120C
b. -0.4650C
c.
100.130C
d. 200.130C
55. Ice on frozen roads and sidewalks melts when sprinkled with salt. What is
the best explanation in this phenomenon?
a. The salt depresses the freezing point of water.
b. The salt increases the attractive forces that hold the solvent molecules.
c. The salt lowers the vapor pressure thus increases the freezing point of
water.
d. The salt raises the vapor pressure thus decreases the freezing point of
water.
56. Physical & chemical changes are accompanied by heat changes. Which
statement below describes that heat changes take place endothermically?
a. The energy flows from the system to the surrounding.
b. The energy flows from the surrounding to the system.
c. The temperature of the system drops.
d. The temperature of the surrounding rises.
Refer to the figures below to answer questions 57-60.
2Hg(l)
+O2(g)

2H2(g)
+O2(g)

surroundings

2H2O(l)

Heat given off


by the system
to the surroundings

Heat absorbed
by the system
from the

2HgO(s)

a)
b)
57. What processes are described by figures a and b?
a. exothermic and endothermic
c. exothermic and enthalpy
b. enthalpy and entropy
d. endothermic and entropy
58. In the two chemical reactions above, which represents the system?
a. H2O and HgO
c. H2 + O2 and HgO
b. H2 + O2 and HgO
d. Hg + O2 and H2O
59. In the two chemical reactions above, which represents the surrounding?
a. H2O and HgO
c. H2 + O2 and HgO
b. H2 + O2 and HgO
d. Hg + O2 and H2O
60. What process is described in figure (a)?
a. exothermic
c. entropy
b. endothermic
d. enthalpy

SCIENCE III
TABLE OF SPECIFICATION

Topics
1.
Components
of
Solutions
2. Types of Solutions
3.
The
Dissolving
Process
4.
Saturation
of
Solutions
5.
Factors
Affecting
Solubility
6. Colligative Properties
of Solutions
7.
Concentration
of
Solutions
8.
Preparation
of
Solutions

No. of
Days
Taught

4%

No.
of
Item
s
2

1
1

4%
4%

2
2

4-5
6-7

12%

8-14

20%

12

15-26

16%

10

46-55

20%

12

27-38

12%

39-45

Ap

A
n

3
1
1

3
2

Item
Placeme
nt
1-3

9. Heat Changes of the


Solution Process
Total

1
18

4
9

14 14

8%

56-60

25

100
%

60

60