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CERTIFICATE

We hereby certify that the work which has been presented as a Project
PURIFICATION OF INDUSTRIAL WASTE WATER USING DIFFERENT
FILTER MEDIAS OF CORN COBS in partial fulfillment of the requirement for
the award of degree of Bachelor of Engineering in Chemical Engineering, Jai Narain
Vyas University, Jodhpur is authentic record of our own work carried out under the
supervision of Dr. Anil Vyas, Assistant Professor and Head Department of Chemical
Engineering, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur.
The matter embodied in the Project report has not been submitted for the award
of any other degree or diploma in any other university.

Date:

(Sachin Sharma)

Place: Jodhpur

(Mayank Agarwal)
(Puneet Sahwal)

This is to certify that the above statement made by candidates is correct to best of my
knowledge and belief.

Date:
Place: Jodhpur

(Dr. Anil Vyas)


Head
Department of Chemical Engineering
M. B. M. Engineering College, Jodhpur

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The completion of any work depends upon the co-operation, co-ordination and
combined efforts of the several resources of knowledge, energy and time. We
approach this important matter of acknowledgment through these lines tying best to
give full credit where it is due.
We are deeply indebted to our guide Prof. Anil Vyas, Head, Department of
Chemical Engineering Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, for his unceasing support,
unparalleled guidance, and critical evaluation.
We are very much indebted to Dr. Dharmendra Patel, Guest faculty,
Department of Chemical Engineering, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur, for his
kindness and encouragement given to us.
We are also thankful to all the members of department of Chemical
Engineering for their support during our research period.

(SACHIN SHARMA)
(MAYANK AGARWAL)
(PUNEET SAHWAL)

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ABSTRACT
Filter media have a porous structure, that is, a structure permeable to liquids and gases. The
filter media used in industry and in laboratory practice should have the following properties:
(1) an appropriate porosity (that is, the pores should be of such a size that the particles of the
filter cake are trapped in the filter medium); (2) chemical resistance to the filtrate; (3)
sufficient mechanical strength; and (4) thermal resistance at the temperature at which the
filtration is carried out.
Here basic idea is to purify water using the least utilised part of the maize plant that is the
corn cob. A very important agricultural waste, corn cob is a suitable adsorbent because of its
high mechanical strength, rigidly and porosity.
The coloured substances present in the water are adsorbed in the charcoal layer of corn cob.
The suspended particles are adsorbed in the chaff layers of both long and small pieces of corn
cobs. And gasoline waste is adsorbed in the powdered corn cob layer.
Hence, contaminants like oxides of salts, detergents, suspended particles, coloured dyes, oil
and grease get adsorbed in the surface of the corn cobs. Some of the heavy metals are also
adsorbed by corn cobs. If the drain pipe of the household is connected to a chamber having
different layers of corn cobs in partition layers or to an S-trap pipe having corn cobs, it will
separate about more than 70-80 % of contaminants including suspended particles from the
waste water.

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LIST OF TABLES

Table No.

Title

Page No.

1.1

Chief

1.2

Equipment .

2.1

Design and Operating

15

2.2

Sizes .

16

3.1

Typical ..

17

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LIST OF FIGURES

Fig. No.

Title

Page No.

1.1

Schematic .

1.2

Stages .

1.3

Deep .

1.4

Classification ..

2.1

Parfue..

10

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INDEX
Acknowledgement
Abstract
List of Tables
List of Figures

CHAPTER

1
1.1
1.2
1.3

CHAPTER

2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

CHAPTER

INTRODUCTION
Filter Media
Adsorption for Filtration.
Corn Cobs as Filter Media

LITERATURE REVIEW
Theory
Theory..
Application .. .
Main process ..

ii
iii
iv
v

1-10
1
2
4

11-19
12
15
16
17

METHODOLOGY

20-35

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

Objectives
Equipment theory
Description
Experiment procedure

21
26
30
31

REFERENCES

36

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