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X \TweTH~

n+srjT deTd

n+<Te\q MTsT = eTTKyTq

$wj\qT \TdT=qe\d +T+~,


b MTsT

#${ysbsT !

X \TweTT yqT CC\T


<XeTT : |\ X \Tw+| |P] ne>Vq *+#T eT]jTT
s> deTd\T, #{\T, jTeT +<q\T eT]jTT
HjT kH\ jTT <X\T $e]+#T.

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X \TweTT n+f @$T{ ?

X \TweTT X+ e\ *> +<T\T n~ X+


e\ eqe J$+ C+T J$\ deT\+
<+T+~. ||+#y|+> Vs+> |<X\ Xu\T
jT+|]s\ e\, syD eed e\, y{sT yVH\
e\, $eH\ e\ eT]jTT fq e\ \T>TsTT. Vs+>
|<X\ Xu d+>V+> ||+# |sesD X
\Tw+> |]>D+#e#T. |D[<yTq |DsD
be&+ e\q X \Tw+ @s&TT+~. b]X$T
eT]jTT yd b+\T ||H +&+e\q
ydj> b+\ X \Tw+ @s&TT+~.
+< *|q |eD\ 10 &dT n~eTT>
+f Xu \Tw+> |]>DksT.
B

>H&
>Hc{ / <y\jTeTT |< >+\T
u]+# XeTT
|< C{ $eq+ ms|&T
su+& XeTT
CVeTsY / <y\jTeTT q >+\T
|< yVqeTT
eT<syTq yVqeTT
bd+sT sT
k<sD d+uwD
|D ys yd b+eTT
*$+> syT XeTT
>MTD yd b+eTT
>Td>Td&T

Xu d++~+ yesD+ HD
|eD\T m +&*?
X \TweTT jTT
(s>TwH eT]jTT jT+D) +<q\T, 2000
w& s3(1) eT]jTT 4(1) |seTT
&._.9(m) m..L |]$TT\T
|<XeTT /
@]j
s |P
& CH jTT eZsD |>{|P
m
_
d
&

b]X$T b+eTT
yD b+eTT
yd j> b+eTT
X b+eTT

75
65
55
50

$$< seTT\ XeTT\T eT]jTT &dT


y{ re m+ ?
$$< |]s\T ` Xu\T
&dT

160
140
130
120
110
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20`10

X \Tc eTq #e\ m+ deTjT+


nqTeT+#e#T ?
u>e+T&T eTq #e\ <s $q& neX+ *+#&T,
< = |]$TT\T +{sTT. eTq #e\T |]$T
$T+q Xu Hq|&T eTq+ = C>\T
rdTy*. +~ |{ <s X \Tc eTq #e\
m+ deTjT+ es nqTeT+#e#T nH~ \TdT+~.

70
55
45
40

X re (&dT)

1. |>{ |P nq> <jT+ 6 >+\ qT+& s 10


>+\ es. s |P nq> s 10 >+\ qT+&
<jT+ 6 >+\ es
2. X b+eTT nq> ns *q n~]#
|{+#&q @<H b+eTT, dT|T\T, $<
d+d\T, sT\T eT]jTT eT d++< |<X\ 100
MTs e +& q b+eTT.
3. $TXeT eZsD b+\qT |q *|q H\T>T
eZsD @< eZsDqT d++~ n~]
|{ksT. X reqT | |{ |s+ =\e&TT+~.
n+<Te\q |uT jTe\ |s+ |q *|q
$<+> X s+>\T |]$T & +&*. |
|{ |]$TT\+f X s+>\T me> +f
< X\Tw+> |\TksT.

85
88
91
94
97
100
103
106
109
112
115
118
121
124
127
130`140
140

24 >+\ n+
me deTjTeTT
8 >+\T
4 >+\T
2 >+\T
1 >+
30 $Tc\T
15 $Tc\T
7.5 $Tc\T
3.7 $Tc\T
112 dqT
56 dqT
28 dqT
14 dqT
7 dqT
3 dqT
1 dH
1 dH q e

m+{ |ueeTT <T

X \Tw+ e\ *> <Tw]De\T @$T{ ?


X \Tw+ e\ *> <Tw]De\qT eTqeTT
$d]+#eTT. ||+# s> d+d (WHO) ysT
d+q |s+ eqe\| X \Tw+ +~
$<yTq |uy\qT #|dT+~.
1. ke |esq esT\T (<T&Tq+, sdq+
eT]jTT dVjT d).
2. e{&|&T n+sj\T \T>T.
3. s\j\ eT]jTT $<\j\ |q+|
|ue+ #|T+~.
4. H=| eT]jTT $& n\d+.
5. $& |eTT eT]jTT Xu\T $qT n|+#T
(tinnitus).
6. $dbsTTq ue+ \T>T.
7. <u+>eTT eT]jTT < |sekqyTq d\*
eT]jTT Bs* deTd\T.
8. >T+&T deTd\T.
9. Vsq |d+<q (Vsq| &), <
|sekqyTq deTd\T, q{wH eT]jTT s>s<
eed| |ue+ #|T+~.
X \TweTT jTT |ueeTT y{ \|]$T {
eqe\| <TwueeTT\T nH s\T> +{sTT. y{
=+{ +~ $<+> *jTCj
TT#THeTT.
s X re me> q|&T su] #&bjT neX+
+T+~. #$ n+sZ+> +& d D\T
<+{sTT. = Xs+>\ ree\ $& X
>TZT+~ < T+~.
s 1970 e d+es+ sY #|qT Xu\e\ >T+&
=T=H y>+ Z <e\ s H\ & esT\T
#+~, <s sH\ jTT |]eD+ (&jMTsY)
ZbT+~.
s X re me> +&+ e\ k|*j
(m\e+{ \D\T), V|sY>$Tj (s+ w>sY
X+ nk<sDyTq~>qT eT]jTT me>qT
+&+), Vb$Tj (s |dsD b{wjT+
X+ u> e> +& < |sekq+> \Vq
eT]jTT >T+& nk<sDyTq esT\T d+u$ksTT)
eT]jTT Vb>$Tj (s+ w>sY X+ #
e> +&+), e+{ esT\T s+ d+u$ksTT.
s X+ e\ e |DT\T |H deTse++>

|<]+#bsT. eTTK+> || rDyTq <w|{


X< | #jTe\dq ysT #jTbsT.
s n~ X \TweTT e deTjT+ eTq #e\T $q#
*+> $& |+ @s&TT+~. n~ X
\TweTT me deTjT+ eTq #e\T $q# XX
$& |+ @s&TT+~. X s+>\ re me>
q|&T &T| |+& # |e<+ @s& |\\
|esq $|yTq esT\T d+u$ksTT.
E
F

X \Tc d++~+ us<X+


neT\T q #{$ ?

1. us sC+>+, 1949 21e n~sDeTT.


n~sDeTT |seTT bsT\ J$
eT]jTT e> d# sD *+#&TT+~. #+
nqTeT+q $<q+ <s | @ e jTT J$+
eT]jTT e> d#\ u+>+ *+#s<T.
n+<Te\q @ e nsTTH |X++>,
kse++> ed+#<\q|&T X \Tw+
\T>+& C>\T rdT= < u]q |&+&
#dTy*. | e q w+ eq eT
#]+#e#T. &ds <s eT]jTT m\
|]s\ <s X\Tc \T>#jTL&<T.
2. $Tq bdsY &, 1973 133 n~sDeTT.
n~sD+ |seTT nks =\+#
e\dq~> wsT\ L&q \T C#jTe#T.
mesH # $sT<+> Vs+> |<X\
nks+ *+qT |s<T #d < bdt

iv) VsH,

3.

4.

5.

6.

X+ *+# sD |eTTT eT]jTT |


eT+<T>T+&T ke, yTT<q y{| +\T.
s X b+eTT ydb+\ s y\,
neds |]d @s& | VsH y+#L&<T.
s X b+\ s y eT+<T>T+&T
ke |\L&<T.
s X b+\ s y\ sD |]s\qT
|j+#s<T eT]jTT y&s<T.
7. X b+\ \qT \+|T+#Te\q *>
|]De\T :
X b+\ +< \T|&q \+|Tq\
b\& #+ +<q\ |s+ y] ]eH
$~+#&+ sT>TT+~.
i) eT < X |]s\qT |j+#T.
ii) &eTT\qT &|qT ysTT+#T
@<H X+
*+# eT |]s\qT |j+#T.
iii) >T+|qT b>T #d eT |]s\ |<
sq\T
#T, eT+<T>T+&T ke |\T.
iv) & dsT |\qT <+ |d
++#
|]s\qT |j+#T.
8. X \Tw+| n~sT\ m|&T |s<T #j
Te#T?
s mesH |>\T > s > 'B' Topic
s+q beD X s+>\ +f 10 &dT
me> @<H |<X+ #d +<q\qT
\+|T+qsTT d++~ n~] |s<T
#jTe#T.
s d++~ n~] |s<TqT d]+ eT]jTT
neT\T q s #{ +<q\qT L&
\+|T+q y]| q #s\T rdT+{sT.

n~]qT+& ]bsT eqf, sw |uT+ sT|q


yTd{ / du &$q yTd{ / |+>
n~s+ *+#&q mL{y yTd{ n{
nks s*+#e\dq~> <+#e#T.
+&jTH |q & 268 n~sDeTT :
Vs+>+> nks+ *+#&+ : @<H |<X+,
mesH e Vs+>+> nks+, qw+ < >jT+
*dTqsTT n{ nks+ e\ ysT eddTq
b+\ |\ V *ZdTqsTT n{ nks+
Hs+ +< edT+~. keTV+> *+#
nks+ =+<] kse++>q eT]jTT
|j>s+>q +T+<H y<q eT+#s~.
+&jTH |q & 290 n~sDeTT :
m& $e]+#& ks+ >T]+ : nqTeT +&
Vs+>+> mTe+{ nksyTH *dTqsTT
n+<T>qT qT n~sDeTT *jTCdT+~.
mesH Vs+>+> nks+ *dTqsTT n{
y] 200 sbjT\ es ]eH $~+#e#T.
+&jTH |q & 291 n~sDeTT :
w<\T q|{ s+sjT+> nks+
*+#&+ : #<+> n~s+ *Zq mesH
|uT~] w<\T $~+q|{ Vs+>
nks eTeT =qk+#T#TqsTT y] sT
H\\ es < ]eH < s+&+{ $~+#e#T.
X \Tw+ (jT+D) +<q\T, 2000.
+<T +<q\T +~ $<+> +{sTT :
i) d++~ n~] qT+& y |Ps+> nqTeT
rdTq sTy eyT & dsqT, Vs+>
du\qT @sT #dTe\d +T+~.
ii) eTd +#&q b+>DeTT nq> &{]jT+,
qsH >~, eT{ V\T, uH{ V\T
|, s y &dsqT |j+#&+
Vs+> du\qT @sT #j
T&+, XeTT e#
|]s\qT |j
+#&+ eT |]s\qT,
k+& +||sY\qT |j+#&+ w<eTT.
iii) Vs+> |<X+ |j+# &dsT,
Vs+> du\ |j+# yT\T, s Xu\T
e# |]s\qT 75 &dT $T+#+& <
b+eTTq beD+> ssTT+#&q Xu
10 &dT $T+#+&, s+&+{ @~ e
nsTT n~ +&eqT.

G
E
A)

X \Tw+ >T]+ sw |uT+ C


#dq G.O.\T @$T{ ?

X\Tw+| +< |uT+ C #dq +<q\


|s+ sw |uT+ X\Tc y]+#&+d+
G.O.M.S. No. 172, ~. 12`10`2010 q C #d+~.
B |s+ +<+ C #dq +<q\qT neT\T #d
\+|T+q y]| n|s<sTdTeTT ed\T
#jT\|{sT.
X\Tw+ |<X+ qT+& y\Te&, qs\| |ue+
#| s+| e& |+qsTT, n{ \+|Tq
yTT<{k] 2 y\ sbjT\T ]eH $~+#&+
sT>TT+~. sTy \+|Tq\| 4 y\ sbjT\
]eH $~+#&+ sT>TT+~.
B) |sesD |]sD #+
1986 15 e +<q\
|s+, #{ \+|T+q
y]| 5 d+\ es U<T
eT]jTT \
4

sbjT\es ]eH s+&+{ *|


$~+#e#T. \+|Tq + =qk>TTqsTT
sE 5 y\ sbjT\ #=|q ]eH $~+#&+
sT>TT+~.
< +<q\ |s+ +#&, \+|Tq
d+es $T+ =qk, n{ \+|Tq <sT\
7 d+es\ es U<T $~+#&+ sT>TT+~.
H

e\qT / b\qT / eT\qT /


b+\ y] / | $u>\
|\qT
>
<+
e{&s<T.
10.| jTe\qT b{+#e\dq
|P] u< sV\T <
<sUdT<sT\| +T+~. | jTe\qT \+|T+q
jT&\ V<su< d{ bdt ysT dsu<
yT{b*H bdt #+ 2004 eT]jTT .|.d. 188
#+ 1348 b* (H+.lX) 7e +<q |s+ ]q
#s\T rdTe&+ sT>TT+~ eT]jTT nqTeT s<T
#jT&TqT.

yT |T=qT nqTeT rdTe&+ m ?


jTeT +<q\T @$T{ ?
MT <>Zs MT`de d+sY sE s. 100/`
#=|q #*+ yT nqTeT rdTeqT.
V<su< yT{b*H bdt #+ 2004 7e
+<q |s+, V<su< d{ bdt #+ 22(1)
(m) qT+& (m|t) eT]jTT 22(2) (m) eT]jTT (_) |s+
yT < k+& ddyT |Te& bdt MTwqsY,
&|P{ MTwqsY eT]jTT b++ jTT ndd+{ MTwqsY
qT+& nqTeT rdTeqT.
jTeT +<q\T : (yT eT]jTT k+& ddyT eed
jTT $j>+ d+ b{+#e\dq +<q\T)
<sUdT <sT\T s+&T u\T *q dsqT eyT
y&eqT. dT|+sT <X\ |s+ yd b++
s >+ 10.00 qT+& 6.00 es mTe+{ k+&
ddyT yTqT y&L&<T. n<$<+> b+\
y> +&e\dq X re & +&eqT. (X
re d++~+q |{ _ bsTT+{ e&q~).
k+& ddyT jTT y\yT ~. 11`07`2005 q
q G.O. Rt. No. 227, |sesD XK, nMXK
bsdt dH f\J (ENV) |s+ +&eqT.
1. dT|+ sT q <X\ |s+ &.C. y&
Vs+> |<X\ |P]> w~s+~ eq yT
nqTeT q|{ y&s<T.
2. nqTeT rdTq |<X+ | ys @ b++
yT/ k+& ddyT y&s<T.
3. seTeTT jTT sVD<sT\T {| mTe+{
nks+ *+#s<T.
4. |\ |X+yTq JeH mTe+{ +~
*+#s<T.
5. #TT |\ q |\ +~ *+#s<T.
6. mTe+{ de b\T>, d+^+ >
y+#s<T.
7. X \Tc sD+
s<T.
8.nqTeT rdTq
|<X+ mTe+{
uDd+# \s<T.
9. neeq|]#,
neTs<syTq,
s#>=f |<\ @

EI

X \Tw+| $$< HjTkH\T e|]q


n_bjTeTT\T @$T{ ?

mH #{\T, +<q\T q|{ |\T y{


\+|T+ X \Tc b\T|&THsT. X\Tw+
u]q |&q nHeT+~ u~T\T VsT eT]jTT
dT|+sT y[ HjT+ b+<sT.
dT|+sT eT]jTT $$< VsT\ rsT\qT ne>VD
=s e&+ sT>TTq~.
s

#sY |t >& (| >d) H +&j Vs.


..sY. yTd \ d+eT d+|T+ (MANU/SC/
0537/2000) : dT X\Tw+ |+ eT
d++<yTq
#s\ <s \T>TTq|{
y{
jT+D es<Zs\qT C#j
Te#T. < dT +
$<+> *jTCj
T&+~.
y<q\ e +&, $y<\ nr+>, @eT+
L& sT\ X+ u+>+ *> $<+> bsq\T
#jTeT #|<T. +{ bsq\T X |]s\ <s
&eTT\T ysTT+#&+ <s #jTeq @eT+ L&
u~+#<T. e <X+, H>] ||+#+ eT+
|sT e<T\T, \Vq e\ X+ u+>+
*+#&, |\\T eT]jTT $<sT\T yeCeTTq
<bT+&> < |>{|P X \Tw+ *+#
sb\qT nqTeT+#eTT.
d+<s+> eTqeTT >T]+#Te\dq $wjT+ @eT+f
eTq bsT>Tq L& q|\\T |X+ yesD+
~+# V +T+~. n< $<+> e<T\T L& U
deTjT+ X\Tw+ +& |X++> +&&
d * +{sT. e<T\T, T |&q ysT, eqd
s>T\T, 6 d+es\| |\\T s> X\Tc >T]
nesT. y] V\qT L& >s$+#e\d +T+~.
s Case-II : s] ejYT _w+sY <j eT]jTT Vs.
sw+ (MANU/PH/0003/1958): dT +~T
X+ *+q+<T eT]jTT b> e~*q+<T eT]jTT
ydj>yTq b+\ u jT+ |]s\qT
|jd |+|D\qT dw+q+<T +&jTH |q
&, 1860 200 \ n~sD+ |s+ $~+#&
50 sbjT\ ]eH L& $~+#&+~.
5

Case-I :

Case-III : |#T]+#&q
sT\T Vs. _u uwH

uuH syT eT]jTT


_Xdt m..sY. 1919
\ 539: dT _jT+ $T\TqT s|P
&+#T# nks+ *+#T#Tq+<T $T\T
Bq+ q e I.P.C. Section 290 |s+
+#\ ssTT+#sT.
s Case-IV : s_H eTTK Vs. |eT u+> sw+
(MANU/WB/ 0058/1985) : dT X\Tc
y]+#+<T msTTsY VsH\qT w~+#sT. sT
ysT +~ $<+> d+#sT.
$$< s\ s+s Xu\ e\ yesD+ eT]jTT
|sesD+
\Tw+
u]q
|&TT+<,
$eHXj <>Zs ed+# y] $$< sq
y<T\T kTHjT |]X<q\ *+~.
nTe+{ e\T eqd s>T\T> esTsT.
|]XeT\ |#d e\ #e&T edTqT, y]
$& deTd L& @s&TTqT $$< |]X<q
*+~. $<yTq X\Tw+ e\ |\ *
yjTbe&+, nD yjT&qT ueq \>&+,
eqd +<q eT]jTT <$Tq+ @s&jT
L& |]X<q\T *jTCdTHsTT. B n<q+>
|\T eT sbT me> +T+<, >T+&
deTd\ u<|&TTHeT |s<T\T #dTHsT.
s Case-V : TsCsY eT+<T>T+&T ke &\s
deK Vs. MTwqsY |t bdt \ (MANU/WB/
00078/ 1997) dT +~ $<+> rsT e&+
]+~.
sC+>+ 19e n~sD+ |s+ ybs
sVD \Tc y<\T |\ u<,
s> eT]jTT X+ u+>+ *+#+<T m+{
V e<T. eT+<T>T+&T ke |*q|&T e#
Xu\qT |\ \e++> $|+#sT. Xu\T
]<] d+w+> +&e#y> $T*q ysT
\e++> $qsT. sC+>+ 19e n~sD+
|s+ |\ e&q b<$T VqT
\sjTsT, s<T #jTsT eT]jTT n|Vd+
#jTsT. sC+>+ 19e n~sD 21e
n~sD+ nqTd+<q+ #d #<Te> bsT\T #{
|sesD+ * X+jTT+> J$+#& V

* +{sT. sC+>+ 21e


n~ s D + | s + y] $X+
rd T e& eT]j T T s y
~+#& V * +{sT.
s Case-VI : nbse jT+.mdt. Vs. $TH&T
|uT+ (1995) 1L.W.319 (eT<dt) dT,
sw+ s+s X\Tw+ e\ |\ s>
deTd\T se&+ eT]jTT X+ u+>+
\T>TTq+<Tq sw |uT eT<dT VsT
]{ |t e+&eTdt sT\T C #d
j+||jTsY\T
eT]jTT
&
dsT
|j+#& C #d dH\ ]qyTq
jTeT +<q\T +&eq d++~. n<
$<+> sw &ssY qs |t bdt ( n+& ssY)
qT VsHye +& &dsqT j+||jTsY\qT,
{yTTu msTTsY VsH\qT |P]> w~+#
e\dq~> <+#sT.
Case-VII : |.m. Cu Vs. d|]+f+&+{ |t bdt
(MANU/KE/0001/1993) dT +~ $<+>
*jTCjT&+ ]+~. B |s+ y k+ V
nq> Xu V L& *d +T+<
*jTCXsT. B |s+ |d+>\qT $q&+ ,
\e++> $|+#&+ qT+& |\ d# +T+~.
Vs+> |Hk\ m+{ |<X\ >, m+{
deTjT+ > |\ m+{ uy<yTq
n_bj\T >, VMT\T > eL&<T. nTe+{
y k++ X+u<\ s edT+~. mesH
e @<H n+X #<e&+ eqe#T, s&j
|yjTe#T, f*$H\qT {yjTe#T &
ds <s qqT #s Xu |&T. $<+> q
w+ < \e++> $|+qT neT+~. n
#dqf q V\ C+ #dTe&+ +< edT+~.
eq | eTw $H\qTH~ $q&+, neds+ ~
eyd V +&*.
Case-VIII : HjT d\V d$T l. dTUH#+<
n|s m*jdt u{ Vs. >esyT+{ |t mH.d.{.
& eT]jTT sT\T (MANU/DE/06/2001). dT
\Tw+ |sesD \Tw+ #dT+<, e\ jTT
V\ u+>+ *dTq<, n> X+ L&
\Tc y<\TT+< sT\ s> u+>+
*+#T# nks >T] #dT+<, |]$T
$T+qf, n~ sC+>+ 21e n~sD u+>+
*dT+< rsT *jTCXsT.
Case-IX : #sDYjYT kVQ Vs. jTjTH |t
+&j (MANU/SC/0285/2001). dT
dT|+sT | {TqqT @sT #jTe\dq
eXqT, |sesD deTd\| |uT d\V
e& |DT\ deKqT @sT #jTe\dq
eXqT >TsT #d+~.
Case-X : jT+.d. yTV Vs. jTjTH |t +&j
(MANU/SC/1081/2003). dT sT ysT
$<sT\ |sesD+| ne>VD *+#+<T #s\T
rdTe\dq~> d+#&+ ]+~.

k+&T #jT

X \Tc y]+#T rdTe\dq C>\T


1. $Hy] <>Zs n<T| #jTT :
X \Tw+ me> +& b+\
|#d H\ #e\qT s+# jTsY
|>, jTsY eT|t, HsTTdt V{,
V& bH+{ |]s\qT n+~+
X \Tc jT++#e#T.
2. XeTT y\Te&q # jT++#T :
|#d $<H\qT yTsT>T |sT#T e\ ~ k<eTT.
s e XeTT |#jTT
j T + e TT\qT s b+~+
y{ me X+ #d
jT+eTT\qT esT.
s jT+eTT\qT dsq |<
sV+ ds |+#T <s
X \Tc Z+#e#T.
s n> XeTT #d jT+eTT\qT k+& |P|t ><T\
neTseqT eT]jTT Xu s~+ Z+#
|<s\ eTjTeqT.
s ~ eT]jTT n~s jT+eTT\qT+& e# XeTTqT,
jT++ jTT n&T>T u>+ ssT, j|H, sY
yTT<\>T |<seTT\qT + Xu +Z#e#T.
s yVqeTT\, yV\
es \ T be esZ \
d+sY\qT y&T
eed \ d + +~ + q
XeTT e#T e] u>eTT\T
<seTT> +#eqT.
s >E (Wool) < K |
\T\ q yT wTqT jT+eTT\qT s+#T
y&eqT.
s dsq deTjT+ yVqeTT\ dd+> eT]jTT
+> #jT&+ <s X \Tc deTse++>
Z+#e#T.
3. mw CqT\T :
b]X$T y&\qT, dt ]q\ tqT, s dwH\qT
eT]jTT $eHXjTeTT\qT <s b+eTT\
@ssT#T <s X \Tc Z+#e#T.n< $<eTT>
yd, $<\jT, Vd, \j\T q b+\qT
X b+\T> eseqT.
4. sD deTjT+ k+& qTwH :
s >&\ eT]jTT \T|\ eT< q dq
U\qT+& XeTT |jDeTT #jTTqT. dq
U\ XeTTqT Z+#T |<s+ +| \Tc
Z+#e#T.
s esTd> 2 < 3 >dt {\T + y{ eT<
U\qT Xu Z+# |<seTT +|eqT.

s >&\|, d*+>| eT]jTT H\|

mw f, VjTsY |
qTwH, |ssf& |e&qT
_+#&+ <s X \Tc
Z+#e#T.
5. #qT |+#T :
s&|q, Vd <>Zs eT]jTT
$<\j\ #qT |+#T
<s X \Tc # es
Z+#e#T.
6. #|syTq #s\T :
X \Tc *+# y]| #|syTq ]q #s\T
rdT=qT <s \Tc Z+#e#T.
7. \j\ X \Tw+ Z+#T :
eT<\+ \j\qT+& reyTq X \Tw+
y\Te&T#Tq~. n~ jT++#T = |]cs
esZ\T neT\T|s#eqT.
A) >T& >+\T : |P
s
\+ +#T #dq
>+\ y<T>, es&T
< <e<sT s #dq
#qT eT< +#ysT.
B e\q >+ ={q|&T
s + > T eT
+&
HeT~>
$qk+|>
$q& X \Tw +
>TZT+~.
B) \j\ k+& dd+ : e\eTT \jTeTT\
]> seTeTT\ d++~+q |q\T #jTT
=s eyT VsY dsY |j+#eqT. n<
$<eTT> k+d se\T ]>|&T >T&
esD q u\ eyT $q|& $<eTT>
@sT #dT=qeqT.
n+eT+> >T& |uTeTT d+q (X b++)
$<+> X+ jTT |]$T |>\T 50 &du eT]jTT s 40
&du $T+#+& +&eqT.
|q *|q n #s\T rdTe&+ bT n<qeTT> +<
*|q d\V\T b{+#eqT.
s n $<\T> |\ X \Tw+| ne>Vq
|+#eqT.
s X \Tw+| m|{|&T C de#s
n+<] \T|eqT.
s X \Tw ysD| #{\qT eT]jTT |uT+
jTT |jT\qT eT]+ \|s#eqT.

e V<jT|Ps $q|eTT @eTq> <jT#d X \Tw+ *+#s<T eT]jTT X \Tc *+#y] \Te]+#>\sT.