Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 8

Laiya National High School Senior High School Department

First Periodic Test (Second Semester)


INTRODUCTION TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE HUMAN PERSON
General Directions: Do as each item requires. In multiple choice tests, write
the letter of the correct answer before each number.
Test I. Defining Philosophy
______________1. Based on its etymology, philosophy is the love of _______________.
a. beings
b. wisdom
c. science
d. religion
______________2. Technically, philosophy maybe defined as the science of
___________________ in their ulitimate reasons, causes, and principles
acquired by aid of human reason alone.
a. beings
b. wisdom
c. science
d. religion
______________3. The term is defined as all things which can be reached by the human
mind.
a. beings
b. wisdom
c. science
d. religion
______________4. The means through which philosophy comes to understand beings is
a. intuition
b. faith
c. human reason d. divine
revelation
______________5. Philosophy and theology both deal with the ultimate causes, reasons,
and principles. However, philosophy and theology differ in the way they deal
with these causes. What sets theology apart from philosophy?
a. Intuition
b. faith
c. human reason d. divine revelation
______________6. This division of philosophy deals with principles to be practiced. Often
directive, its goal is the application of knowledge.
a. practical philosophy b. logic
c. speculative philosophy
d.
semantics
______________7. The exact opposite of #6 is:
a. practical philosophy b. logic
c. speculative philosophy
d.
semantics
For 8-17. Match the terms in Column A to their proper definitions in Column B
and their basic questions in Column C. Write only the corresponding Arabic
numeral in Column B and letter in Column C in the space provided for the
answers. Additionally, write P if the term in column A belongs under
Practical Philosophy and S if under Speculative Philosophy. (Ex. 1D-S).
Column A
8. Aesthetics

12. Theodicy

Column B
1. the study of the laws of
thought
2. the study that deals with the
development of a virtuous and
moral character
3. the study of the origin,
nature, functions, types, and
interrelation of values
4. the science of beauty and
art
5. the science of meaning

13. Ethics

6. the science of knowledge

14. Semantics

7. the science of God

15.

8. the science of the universe

9.
Epistemology
10.
Cosmology
11. Logic

Column C
A. What is existence?
What is essence?
B. Is truth knowable?

C. How are values


experienced?
D. Does God exist? Why
does He allow evil?
E. How did the world
begin? Where will it
end?
F. What makes an
action right or wrong?
G. Is the soul immortal,
if indeed it exists?
H. What sorts of

Answers

Psychology
16.
Metaphysics

9. the science of the soul

17. Axiology

10. the science of nature of


beings, its attributes,
constituents, principles and
causes

meaning does human


grammar yield?
I. What are the
standards of creativity,
expression, and
representation?
J. What makes good and
bad arguments?

______________18. This pertains to the set of characteristics that all human beings have in
common; that which may be applied to all regardless of differences among
them.
a. universal essence
c. material essence
b. individual essence
d. spiritual essence
______________19. This pertains to accidental qualities and features which differ among
entities of the same class, i.e., age, color, height, intelligence, etc.
a. universal essence
c. material essence
b. individual essence
d. spiritual essence
______________20. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the rational
nature of man?
a. Mans rational nature means that he is fundamentally equipped for
understanding.
b. His rational nature ensures man the ability to think and will/decide at
any instance.
c. Mans rational nature is more than a knowing nature which means that
his intellect can go beyond sense perceptions.
d. This rational nature still includes babies and madmen whose rational
nature are either suspended or impaired.
______________21. This pertains to knowledge of essences (beyond the senses) and the
relationship between/among those essences; i.e., your knowledge of your
classmates attitude and psychological makeup versus your knowledge of
his physical appearance.
a. sense knowledge
c. carnal knowledge
b. spiritual knowledge
d. intellectual knowledge
______________22. While walking around Lipa, you notice beggars in the street and feel
pity and distress. Mencius described this feeling as __________________, the
beginning of human-heartedness.
a. Commiseration
c. Modesty and Yielding
b. Shame and Dislike
d. Right and Wrong
______________23. You notice that one of your classmates tends to spread gossip about
others. You start to distance yourself away from him/her because you feel
that it is wrong to spread gossip. Mencius described this feeling as
________________, the beginning of righteousness.
a. Commiseration
c. Modesty and Yielding
b. Shame and Dislike
d. Right and Wrong
______________24. Janet Napoles used her connections to steal funds from typhoon
victims. In this instance, Hsun Tzu believes that man in naturally evil
because:
a. s/he is born with love of gain and profit
b. s/he is filled with envy and hatred for others
c. s/he is endowed with the desires of the senses
d. s/he is villainous and licentious to the point of indecency
______________25. Skinner believed that human behavior may be conditioned by a series
of rewards and punishments. This is known as:
a. psychological conditioning
c. operant conditioning
b. psychosomatic conditioning
d. classical conditioning

______________26. John is raised in the city while Mark is raised in the province. While of
the same age, both kids reflect the values of their respective milieus. This
example proves men are:
a. essentially good because it is able to learn from its environment;
b. essentially evil because it does not have a definite standard for
everyone;
c. essentially neutral because it is dependent on the environment wherein
it is fostered;
d. essentially both good and evil because John and Mark are both capable
of good and evil despite their backgrounds.
______________27. The belief that human nature, i.e. intelligence, is a strict function of
inheritance, therefore neither truly good or truly bad is known as:
a. Taoism
b. Biological Determinism
c. Existentialism
______________28. He believed that the man is number in as much as mathematics tends
to elevate mans thoughts from particular things to permanent and
universal laws.
a. Thales
c. Anaximenes
b. Anaximander
d. Pythagoras
______________29. This theologian believed in an interioristic approach towards God as the
center of mans existence; that is, that God may be found within the self.
a. St. Thomas Aquinas
c. St. Gregory, the Great
b. St. Augustine of Hippo
d. St. Joseph, the Patriarch
______________30. He consolidated empiricists and rationalists by stating that human
knowledge may be both a priori (from reasoning) and a posteriori (from
experience), not either of the two.
a. Soren Kierkegaard
c. Martin Heidegger
b. Immanuel Kant
d. Jean Paul Sartre
______________31. For this philosopher, God does not exist. Consequently, man is free to
choose what to make of himself and that there is not objective standard of
values.
a. Soren Kierkegaard
c. Martin Heidegger
b. Immanuel Kant
d. Jean Paul Sartre
______________32. He designed the phenomenological approach wherein the
consciousness is studied by suspending ones natural attitude/biases
towards an experience and seeing that experience in its pure essence
(eidetic reduction).
a. Martin Heidegger
c. Jean-Francois Lyotard
b. Jean Baudrillard
d. Edmund Husserl
______________33. He proposed the idea of simulacrum, an imitation that replaces the
original to the point where the unreal (copy) becomes more real than the
reality it replaced.
a. Martin Heidegger
c. Jean-Francois Lyotard
b. Jean Baudrillard
d. Edmund Husserl
For34-39. Match the terms in Column A to their proper definitions in Column B
and their proponents in Column C. Write only the corresponding Arabic
numeral in Column B and letter in Column C in the space provided for the
answers. (Ex. 1D).
Column A
34. Cosmocentric
Approach

35. Theocentric
Approach
36.
Anthropocentric

Column B
Column C
1. to understand man is to A. Plato
understand first his urstuff
or the basic material
substance that constitutes
him
2. mans search for the
B. Thomas Aquinas
truth should lead to God as
the center of his existence
3. man is self-sufficient
C. Rene Descartes
and should find the truth

Answers

Approach
37. Existential
Approach

38.
Phenomenological
Approach
39. Postmodern
Approach

out of himself and by


himself
4. the search for truth is a
search for (subjective)
meaning of human
existence
5. the center of human
existence is experience
and a meticulous
description of it
6. human existence is
focused on instantaneity,
interactivity and the loss
of meaning in the absence
of a center

D. Soren Kierkegaard

E. Martin Heidegger

F. Jean-Francois Lyotard

______________40. Which of the following statements is NOT true about the union of the
body and the soul?
a. Any action that goes against mans rationality is against human nature.
b. Man is an ensouled body; that is, he has both physical and spiritual
elements.
c. The body may survive without the soul because he is after all a
biological being.
d. Both the body and soul have their own operations/functions in doing
what is good.
______________41. Cardiologists have observed that cases of heart attacks rise after major
catastrophes. For example, this phenomenon was observed after the
terrorist attacks on the Twin Towers in 2011. What does this phenomenon
prove about the union of the body and the soul?
a. Human bodily functions generate emotions and the soul.
b. Mans soul may be transferred from one body to another.
c. Human emotions are separate from mans bodily functions.
d. Human existence relies on the interaction between bodily and spiritual
functions.
______________42. This kind of motion separates a living organism from a non-living thing,
e.g., a motion that starts and ends in one and the same being.
a. Immanent motion b. slow motion
c. fast motion
d. transitive
motion
______________43. Which of the following is NOT true about living organisms such as man?
a. They are composed of cells.
b. There is always the possibility of death for them
c. They metabolize and processes materials from environment to survive.
d. They are always in perfect equilibrium, that is, their bodies are
chemically stable.
______________44. Which of the following operations is not available to vegetative souls?
a. locomotion
b. nutrition
c. growth
d. reproduction
______________45. Which of the following operations is not available to rational souls?
a. motion
b. nutrition
c. growth
d.
reproduction
______________46. It is the knowing power rooted in the spiritual soul.
a. intellection
b. volition
c. growth
d. reproduction
______________47. It is the object of item #46.
a. truth
b. wisdom
c. virtue
d. goodness
______________48. The object of volition is
a. truth
b. wisdom
c. virtue
d. goodness
For 49-52.Enumerate the four reasons for the immortality of the soul. Write
your answers inside the boxes provided below.

49.
50.
51.
52.

______________49. This theory points to God as the only logical source of an indestructible
soul, holding that only an eternal Being can produce another eternal being.
a. Platonism
b. Transmigration c. Evolutionism d. Creationism
______________50. Where is the seat of the soul in the human body?
a. in the heart
c. outside the body
b. in the brain
d. in all parts of the body
______________51. This aspect of the human body is extended to its environment, never
separate from it.
a. Biological
c. Cultural
b. Ecological
d. Phenomenological
______________52. This pertains to the physicalflesh and bloodcomposition of the
human body.
a. Biological
c. Cultural
b. Ecological
d. Phenomenological
______________53. This pertains to the intersubjective relations and coordination of the
human body.
a. Social
c. Ecological
b. Cultural
d. Phenomenological
______________54. We say that the body becomes an ___________________ when taken
separately from the mind, that is when it becomes analyzed and not the
one doing the analysis.
a. Spatio
c. Object
b. Temporal
d. Subject
______________55. We know that the body is not only #54 because it can also be the one
analyzing, not being analyzed; in which case, it is a/n
a. Spatio
c. Object
b. Temporal
d. Subject
______________56. Heidegger proposed that man should be a being-in-the-world, not a
mere observer. He called man as being-in-the-world as:
a. Dasein
b. Simulacrum
c. Bridge
d. Obstacle
______________57. As an intermediary, the body serves as a _______________________ when
it stands in between and blocks relationships between/among individuals.
a. Dasein
b. Simulacrum
c. Bridge
d. Obstacle
______________58. Our size, height, shape, weight, and color all constrain our bodily
existence. These are:
a. accidental limitations
c. identity limitations
b. spiritual limitations
d. biological limitations
______________59. As a material object, the body may be modified to suit the desires of
the individual. In this case, the body is said to be taken as:
a. an object
c. an intermediary
b. a defining subject
d. an identity project
______________60. An imitation or representation of a thing that effectively replaces the
original in the postmodern world, i.e., believing TV personalities to be our
friends is known as:
a. simulacrum b. simulation
c. hyperreality
d. metanarratives
______________61. It is characteristic of postmodern individuals to pretend to have what
they dont have or to be what they are not, i.e., they love to edit their

pictures heavily, making their skin look better than it really is. Baudrillard
called this as:
a. simulacrum
b. simulation
c. hyperreality
d.
metanarratives
______________62. Baudrillard warns that in the postmodern world, simulation and
simulacrum may fully take center stage making them more real without
truly being real, i.e., when fiction becomes more real than reality itself. He
calls this situation as:
a. simulacrum b. simulation
c. hyperreality
d. metanarratives
______________63. For Lyotard, this is the controlling factor of the contemporary
postmodern society is
a. knowledge b. metanarrativesc. little narratives
d. ideology
______________64. For Lyotard, the society can counter the effects of commodifying
knowledge by forming their own _______________________, with which they
can counter the hegemonic narrative.
a. knowledge b. metanarrativesc. little narratives
d. ideology
______________65. For the postmodern man, the center of his existence is
a. nature
b. God
c. his choices
d. the here
and now
______________66. Which of the following does not make man a moral being?
a. Man is a being of action for which he is solely responsible.
b. Man has intellect which makes him a conscious agent of his choices.
c. Man has a will which always him to choose between good and evil, light
and dark.
d. Man has a body he has to preserve from being objectified through
licentiousness.
______________67. For Heidegger, mans existence can only be eigen or authentic if he:
a. has discovered his urstuff, his most basic physical component
b. makes God the center of his life, seeking him inside and outside of
himself
c. is aware of his own existence, knowing it has meaning, essence or
purpose
d. believes that he has to live away from the shadow of the past, learning
from the now
______________68. Case 1: A mother tells her kid not to touch kettle since it might burn
him so he does not.
Case 2: A kid touches a hot kettle and burns his palm. He never touches hot
things since.
Question: Based on Kierkegaards philosophy, the kid in Case1 is a/n:
a. spectator
b. actor
c. subject
d. object
______________69. For Kierkegaard, which of the cases exemplifies a more authentic
existence?
a. Case 1. The kid didnt have to experience to learn.
b. Case 2. The kids experience makes the concept of being burned more
real.
c. Both. Both kids learned not to touch a kettle when it is hot.
d. Neither. Kids should not be made to do things they cannot yet handle.
______________70. Which of the following describes Kierkegaards aesthetic stage of
existence?
a. John always spends his day with friends gambling and drinking.
b. John has a good sense of the societys general principles and lives by
them.
c. John volunteers as a missionary to Africa because he felt God is calling
him there.
d. John loves his wife and avoids all temptations because he wants to be
responsible.
______________71. Which of the following describes Kierkegaards moral stage of
existence?
a. John always spends his day with friends gambling and drinking.
b. John has a good sense of the societys general principles and lives by
them.

c. John volunteers as a missionary to Africa because he felt God is calling


him there.
d. John loves his wife and avoids all temptations because he wants to be
responsible.
______________72. Which of the following describes Kierkegaards religious stage of
existence?
a. John always spends his day with friends gambling and drinking.
b. John has a good sense of the societys general principles and lives by
them.
c. John volunteers as a missionary to Africa because he felt God is calling
him there.
d. John loves his wife and avoids all temptations because he wants to be
responsible.
______________73. The greatest concern of man as a social being is:
a. his personal existence and those of his love ones
b. the common good or the good of all men in the society
c. the adherence to laws and their implementation that assures order
d. the promulgation of justice and equality in a society that prefers
selfishness
______________74. Throughout the ages, man has always recognized and expressed that
there is a greater power present somewhere that somehow affects his life. This pertains
to what dimension of his life?
a. physical
b. mental
c. personal
d. spiritual
______________75. Which of the following does not reflect an existentialist line of thought?
a. Man makes himself.
b. Man is condemned to be free.
c. Man is responsible for himself.
d. Man is shaped by his milieu, i.e., Tarzan.
______________76. For existentialists, existence precedes essence.
a. True
b. False
c. Irrelevant, thats naturalist.
______________77. Which statement is true about Kierkegaards concepts of obedience
and duty?
a. Obedience is a higher than duty because of rules.
b. Duty is higher than obedience because of commitment to God.
c. There is no difference because both lead man to live a life with purpose.
______________78. This dimension of human nature operates through self-reflection and
self-determination and includes our capacity to feel emotions.
a. physical
b. mental
c. personal
d. spiritual
______________79. Death is a function of what human limitation?
a. accidental
b. space
c. time
d. sickness
______________80. For Descartes, nothing is certain in the world but that he thinks, the
only proof of his existence. He calls this as:
a. spiritus animals
b. cogito
c. will
d. love
Prepared by:
MELVIN L. VIANA
Teacher III

Noted by:
CRIZA JEAN L.SULIT
Master Teacher I
Approved by:

JOSEPHINE D. ROSALES
Principal II

When you know a thing, maintain that you know it;


and when you do not, acknowledge your ignorance.
This is a characteristic of knowledge.
From The Analects of Confucius

Оценить