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2.1.

1 Diabetes
Part 1
1. Diabetes is a metabolic disease where your body doesnt produce enough
insulin to function properly.
2. Patient A:
Excessive thirst
Overweight
Mood swings
Sodium filled diet
Patient B:
Frequent urination
Excessive thirst
Carb heavy diet (pasta, desserts)
Diabetic family history
Elevated bp and high cholesterol
Fainting spells
Anna Garcia:
Fatigue
Excessive thirst
Frequent urination
Weight loss
Part 2
1. Glucose tolerance testing is a test that monitors the amount of sugar in the
plasma. It gives doctors info as to how the body utilizes sugar.
2. Patients are asked not to eat or drink for 12 hrs. The patient has their
blood drawn at the beginning as a control. They then drink a sugar solution.
More blood is drawn and monitored.
3. Normally, glucose doesnt rise much from the baseline.

Time of Blood
Collection
(minutes after
drinking solution)

Glucose level in
the Blood
(milligrams
/deciliter)
Anna Garcia

Patient A

Patient B

0 (Baseline)

150

150

150

30

200

200

200

60

250

250

200

90

250

150

250

120

200

150

200

Patient B and Anna Garcia both have diabetes because the glucose level in their
blood stays elevated instead of returning to the baseline.

Part 3
Type one diabetics cannot produce insulin at all, while type two diabetics are able
to produce insulin but their body doesnt let the hormone do its job properly.

Time (minutes)

Anna Garcia

Patient A

Patient B

100

100

100

30

300

300

60

400

400

90

300

400

120

100

300

Anna Garcia most likely has type 1 diabetes because she has no insulin in her
blood for most of the time.
Patient A May have type 2 diabetes because they have a lower insulin level than
normal.
Patient B seems to be healthy.
Risk Factors
Family history of diabetes
Overweight
Unhealthy diet
Physical inactivity
Increasing age

High blood pressure


Ethnicity
Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)*

Type 1
Insulin isnt produced by
the body
Used to be known as
juvenile diabetes
Usually diagnosed earlier
than type 2

Venn Diagram
Both

Diagnosed by GTT
Treated with insulin
injections

Type 2
Found in people of all ages
Body produces an
insufficient amount of
insulin
Can be cured by exercise
and improving diet

Its hereditary
Its incurable

Conclusion:
1. GT Testing can diagnose diabetes by telling the doctor how the patients
blood is affected by the sugar solution over time.
2. Type 2 diabetics can control their diabetes with diet and exercise
3. If you live an unhealthy lifestyle you can be more susceptible to becoming
a diabetic
4. It means the doctor thinks there is a high risk of diabetes
5. Insulin is produced by your pancreas to lower the glucose level in your
blood