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,

()

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
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- 4 2012


Ovchinnikov Ilya Igorevich

..
/docent
05.23.17
E-Mail: bridgeart@mail.ru

Ovchinnikov Igor Georgievich


/professor
E-Mail: bridgesar@mail.ru

Migunov Victor Nikolaevich


/docent
E-Mail: kisek90@mail.ru


Calculation of prestressed reinforced rod nomenclature based corrosion cracking
:
- , .
The Abstract: This paper deals with the calculation of core reinforced pre-stressed reinforced concrete building structures exposed to aggressive environments
: , -
, - .
Keywords: Aggressive environment, pre-stressed reinforced concrete, pre-stressed state.
***
, [1,2],
[2], [2], [2, 3, 4, 5].

, . ,
, .

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61412

,
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- 4 2012

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

, , .
. ,
.
:
1) : . ,
,
;
2)
, [4].
() , , , ;
3) , [6,7]. -
,

;
4)
, .
, ,
( , , , ,
, ) , : ,
, ,

.

, .
: ,
, , , .

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61412

,
()

- 4 2012

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

, , . . 1.

. 1. .:1
(); 2 ;
3 - ().
: F ; Fa , F .
, ( ) ,

a = Ea

(1)

= E

(2)

a - ; - -

; E a - ; E - ; - .
:

Ap B p 3 , > 0,
=
3
Ac Bc , < 0,

(3)

Ap, Bp, Ac, Bc .


, ,
, :
) [8]:

C
= divD( gradC ) ,
t

(4)

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61412

,
()

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

- 4 2012

; D ; t .
) ,
(3) :

A p ( C ) B p ( C ) 3 , > 0,
=
3
Ac ( C ) Bc ( C ) , < 0,

(5)

) :

d
= V exp( C ) ,
dt

(6)

- , V , - .
.
) [8]:

d

= a( C )
dt
1

b( C )

( 0 ) = 0 ,

(7)

- .

) ,
, ,
, - .

. , .
:
1)

0 ;

2)
, ..
;
3)
( );
4)
.
.

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61412

,
()

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

- 4 2012

1. Po.

0 = P0 / F ,

0 = 0 / . .
2. . , . 1 ,

= E ( 0 1 )

(8)

= 1

(9)

= 1 13

(10)

(. 2),

. 2.

:

= 0 ,

N N N = 0

(11)

N ; N ; N
.
(8) (10) (11) :

E 0 1 F E 1 F 1 13 F = 0

1 :

(12)

J1 1 + I1 13 = 0 F ,

(13)

J 1 = E F E F F ;

I1 = B F

(14)

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61412

,
()

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

- 4 2012

(13), 1 , (8)-(10)
, .
3. .
3.1. P . (. 3)

2 .

. 3.

,
, .
:

= 0 1 2 = 0 1 2 .

(15)

a = E a ( 1 + 2 ),

(16)

= (1 + 2 ) (1 + 2 )3 .

(17)

(15)-(17)

N N N + = 0 ,

(18)

J1 (1 + 2 ) + I1 (1 + 2 )3 = 0 F + P .

(19)

(19), (1 + 2 ) , (15)-(17) .
,
, = 0
, 1 + 2 = ,
0

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61412

,
()

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

- 4 2012

= F 0 + F 0 F ( 0 )3 .

(20)

3.2. . , ,
*
P
= 0 F

(21)

( ) .
*

P , ..
*
P < P

(22)


(. 4)

. 4.

x = 0 :
N N N = 0

(23)

,

:

3 ,

1 , -

= 0 1 + 3 ;

(24)

= 1 3 ;

(25)

(
)
= ( ) B ( ) .

(26)

(24)-(26) (23) :

J 1 ( 1 3 ) + I1 ( 1 3 )3 = 0 F P

(27)

, (1 3 ) , (24)-(26) . , (27)
.

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,
()

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

- 4 2012

P ,
, , P P = P F
*

x =0

(. 5)

P 0 F

. 5.
,
:

N + N + N ( 0 F = 0 .

(28)

, , ,
, :

= ;

(29)

= ;

(30)

= .

(31)

(29)-(31) (28) :

J 2 I 2 3 = P 0 F ,

J 2 = E F + Ea Fa + A p F ;
I 2 = B p F

(32)
(33)

, , ,

d
= A p 3B 2 = 0
d

max =

Ap

(34)

3B p

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,
()

- 4 2012

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

(34) (32) , :

.
P
= 0 F E F + E F + F
3

(35)

4. .
, - (. 6).

. 6.

2 (y,z) (
(4) ):

= ( )( 1 + 2 ) ( )( 1 + 2 )3 ,

(36)

a = E a ( 1 + 2 ) ,

(37)

Fa(t) . K
d0, t Fa(t) :
K

Fa (t ) =

j =1

(
d 0 2 j )2
4

(38)

j - j- ,

(6).

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,
()

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

- 4 2012

= 0 1 2 .

(39)

1 -
, (13), 2 - , (36)-(38):

.
2 , :

N N N + = 0

F F (t ) dF + P = 0 .

(40)

(36)-(39):

J 3 (1 + 2 ) + I 3 (1 + 2 )3 = 0 F + ,

(41)

J 3 = E F E

j =1

I 3=

(
d 0 2 j )2 A ( )dF ,
4
F

(42)

B ( )dF
F

(41), ( 1 + 2 ) , (36)-(39)
. ,
D (4) ,
,
,
(7), , ,
, , , :
0

1. , , , D, V(d), g, (), (), (), b(), F, F, Fa ,


P,

0 , d0, .
2. .

= 1 ;

J1 1 + I1 13 = 0 F ,

= 0 1 ;

0
0
=
1 B
13 .

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61412

,
()

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

- 4 2012

3.
.

J1 (1 + 2 ) + I1 (1 + 2 )3 = 0 F + P

= 0 1 + 2 ; = 1 + 2 ;

3
0
0
=
1 + 2 B
1 + 2 .

4. : t=0,

0 = 0 , =0, C(y,z)=0.

5. t , t=t+ t

6. D ( ) C(y,z)

C
= div[D( )gradC ].
t
7. (), ().
8.

d j
dt

j - -

= V ( a )exp(C ) .

9. :

d

= a( C )
dt
1

b( C )

10. :

Fa (t ) =

j =1

(
d 0 2 j )2 .
4

11.

J 3 (1 + 2 ) + I 3 ( 1 + 2 )3 = 0 F + P ,

= 0 1 + 2 ; = 1 + 2 ;

3
( y , z ) = (C ) 1 + 2 B (C ) 1 + 2 .

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61412

,
()

- 4 2012

- ..., ..
. : +7 (925) 853-04-57 ( 1100 1800)
- http://publ.naukovedenie.ru

12.

<1.

a aT

( y , z )
( ) ; -

13. , , , 5.

/ .. , .. 1.
, .. .. .: , 1983. 208 .

2.
. / . // .
. .. . .: , 1983. 246 .
3.
..
/ .. , .. , .. . .: , 1983. 232 .
4.
.. / .. . .: , 1967. 288 .
5.

.. / ..
, .. . .: , 1968. 56 .

6.

.. / .. , .. , .. . : , 1975. 112
.

7.
..
/ .. // : , 1975. 280 .
8.
.., .. , . . . . . -. . . 2007. 272 .
12-01-31130 _
, .

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