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PAINTING PROCEDURE

FOR

STEEL STRUCTURE

FOR

PL-TCM PROJECT

OF

TERNIUM MEXICO

FOR REFERENCE

December, 2011

DOCUMENT No. 11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

FOR PL-TCM PROJECT OF TERNIUM MEXICO FOR REFERENCE December, 2011 DOCUMENT No. 11117198 - 2002090 -

HIROSHIMA WORKS

11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

CONTENTS

 

Page

1. General

2

1.1 Introduction

2

1.2 Scope

2

1.3 Applicable laws and regulations

2

1.4 Painting plan

2

2. Surface preparation

3

2.1 Degrees and methods

3

2.2 High strength bolts and welds

3

3. Painting specification

3

4. Painting

4

4.1 Unpainted portions

4

4.2 Prime coating painted portion

4

4.3 Checking of paint

4

4.4 Mixing and thinning

5

4.5 Painting work

5

4.6 Limitations

5

4.7 Surface preparation and painting

6

5. Inspection and repairs

7

5.1 Inspection

7

5.2 Repairs

9

Annex 1

Surface preparation standard

10

Annex 2

Painting specification

12

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1.

General

11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

1.1 Introduction This specification describes the painting procedure for structural steel based on Mitsubishi-Hitachi Metals Machinery Inc.’s experience , herein after called as MH, for

the purpose of Ternium’s fabrication work, and called as Owner. If any painting practice deviating from this specification is customarily used, or there is any point to be improved upon, the method which will produce the best results should be agreed upon by all parties concerned. Futheremore, fabricator shall refer general paint specification numbered as “11117198 -2002001-RS001”.

1.2 Scope This specification shall apply to the painting work of structural steel.

1.3 Applicable laws and regulations Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS) ISO 8501-1 (1988) SIS 05 59 00 (1976) SSPC Steel Structures Painting Manual (1989) Local laws and regulations for :

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(a)

Labor safety and sanitation

(b)

Crane safety

(6)

International laws, regulations and standards for painting

1.4 Painting plan

The fabricator shall prepare a painting plan and obtain Owners approval thereof

before he starts the painting work.

shall take into account the geographical, environmental and meteorological conditions of the painting shop, painting intervals, difficulty of painting work, corrosive environment after painting, etc.

In preparing the painting plan, the fabricator

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11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

2. Surface preparation

2.1 Degrees and methods The durability of paint coating depends on the surface preparation.

Therefore,

carefully prepare the surface to be painted according to Annex 1: Surface Preparation Standard.

2.2 High strength bolts, common bolts and welds High strength bolts, common bolts and joints made by these bolts and welds, portions of which are subject to corrosion, shall be carefully pretreated. If alkali content remains in welds made by using low hydrogen electrodes, neutralize the surfaces and wash them with water.

(1)

(2)

3. Painting specification

(1)

See Annex 2: Painting Specification.

(2)

For structural steel to be finish coated at the shop, the fabricator shall certify that the brands of paints to be used are equivalent to or better in quality than those specified in Annex 2, and obtain Owners approval thereof.

(3)

When the finish coating is applied to structural steel at the site, the brands of primer, intermediate and finish paints shall be those specified in Annex 2 to facilitate

overcoating at the site.

inform Owner of the overcoating characteristics of the brand and obtain Owners approval thereon prior to the work.

If another brand is inevitably used, the fabricator shall

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4.

11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

Painting

4.1 Unpainted portions Unless otherwise specified, the following portions shall not be painted at the shop. All vinyl or other tapes used at painting for masking shall be removed after painting. Bottom surfaces of base plates Surfaces of the bed for bearing support Parts to be embedded in concrete Faying surface of high strength bolt joints (Areas within splice plates and their periphery of 50 mm) Parts to be field welded (Areas within a width of 50 mm on either side of each welding groove) Stainless steel and chromium plated parts Inside surface of parts to be tightly closed Smooth machine finished surfaces for bearing joints

4.2 Prime coating painted portion Unless otherwise specified, the following portion shall be painted only prime coating at the shop. All vinyl or other tapes used at painting for masking shall be removed after finish coating painting. *1)Fitting surface of machine equipments, including machine rails

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

Acid resistant touch-up finish painting shall be applied for the above mentioned portion after installation of equipments at site.

4.3 Confirmation of paint

Confirm that the required quantity of paint of the brand, specifications and quality

specified in Annex 2 has been prepared.

stored for more than one (1) year after production or has no JIS certificate shall not be used.

As a rule, any paint which has been

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11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

4.4 Mixing and thinning As a rule, open a paint can just before the paint is used and once a can is opened,

use all of its contents.

Fully mix the paint and use it when the whole amount is homogeneous.

If two component type paints are used, strictly observe the mixing ratio specified by the paint manufacturer and use the mixed paint within the specified time after mixing. If the atmospheric temperature or the surface to be painted does not allow proper workability of paint, the paint may be thinned with only a thinner of the same brand

as that of the paint.

shorten the drying time or to save paint.

any other low quality thinner.

Leave as little paint remaining in an opened can as possible.

Do not thin the paint too much.

Do not use a thinner to

Never use light oil, benzine, gasoline or

4.5 Painting work Paint shall be applied by either brush, roller or spray, depending on the type of paint, the environment at the shop and the shape of the structural steel to be painted. The coating shall be uniform and have no brush marks, unevenness, bare spots or runs and sags. When spray coating is done, carry out test painting to determine painting conditions. The spray gun shall be kept away from the surface to be painted at a constant distance and moved at a constant speed, and overlapping shall have a uniform layer at the edges of the spray pattern.

4.6 Limitations No painting shall be carried out under any of the following environmental and meteorological conditions:

(1)

The atmospheric temperature at the painting place is 5 o C or lower or the humidity

(2)

is 85% or higher. Indoor ventilation is not sufficient to properly dry the paint.

(3)

During painting or before drying of the coated film, snowfall, strong wind or dewing

(4)

can cause water drops, floating dust or sand dust to stick to the coated film. Steel surfaces under the blazing sun have a high temperature and bubbles can

(5)

occur in the coated film. Any other environmental condition not suitable for painting.

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11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

4.7

Surface preparation and painting

 

(1)

Steel members assembled by welding shall be pretreated promptly and, within four

(2)

(4) hours, coated with rust-preventive paint to prevent rusting. Until the coated film has become hardened, the painted surface shall be covered

 

properly against rain, chemicals, steam, heat, etc.

If any defect is found in the

 

(3)

coat, remove the defective area and repaint. If brush marks, runs and sags, sticking of brush hair, damage, etc. are found in

 

the coated surface, remove them and repaint.

 

(4)

If the coated film is damaged or rust floats up on the painted surface, treat the

(5)

surface and coat it with the same paint as the original by means of the same application method. In case of damage, an area at least 5 to 10 times greater than the damaged area shall be removed and repainted. The areas which cannot be painted after erection shall be painted with

(6)

intermediate and finish coats before erection. The corners of squares and the inside surfaces of holes and shapes shall be

(7)

painted with one or two extra coats to supplement a thin coat due to physical shape. If these surfaces are spray-painted, additionally brush them. If the film thickness is insufficient, additional coats shall be applied.

(8)

Overcoating shall be done after the undercoat has thoroughly dried.

(9)

However, this does not apply to epoxy paints. When overcoats are applied, each coat should have a different color so that the number of coats applied can be known visually.

(10) The coated surface shall be smooth and beautiful.

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5. Inspection and repairs

5.1

Inspection

The inspection items and acceptance criteria at each process of painting are

summarized below.

Classification

Inspection

Inspection

Acceptance

Item

Method

Criteria

Surface

Degree of removal of mill scale and rust

Visual

ISO, SIS or SSPC standard

preparation

Adhesion of oil, moisture and other foreign matter

Visual

No adhesion

Condition of

Appearance

Visual

Smooth and free of brush marks, runs and sags, unevenness, blisters, cracks, pinholes and other defects. Steel surface and undercoat are invisible.

painted surface

Dryness of under-coat before overcoat is applied

Finger touch 48 hours after application of undercoat

Not adhesive.

Film

Dry film thickness

After curing and drying, measure with dry film thickness gauge.

More than film thickness specified in specification

thickness

Wet film thickness

Measure with wet film thickness gauge immediately after painting

 

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Notes (1)

The film thickness shall be the mean value of three thicknesses measured at an adjacent measuring point.

(2)

The film thickness measuring instrument shall be an electromagnetic

film gauge or micro tester or the like.

Whenever necessary,

calibration should be done to improve the accuracy of the instrument.

(3)

ISO :

International Organization for

 

Standardization

ISO 8501-1 (1988)

 

SIS

:

Swedish Standard Institution

SSPC :

SIS 05 59 00 (1967) Steel Structures Painting Council (USA) Steel structures painting manual (1989)

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5.2

(1)

Repairs Surface preparation

11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

(a)

If mill scale and rust have not been removed satisfactorily, apply repreparation to obtain a rust-scale free surface.

(b)

Wipe off oil and water with dry cloth.

Clean off stained oil with a solvent.

(2)

Remove spatters with a wire brush and other suitable means. Coated surface

(a)

If the steel surface or undercoat color is visible, apply additional coating.

(b)

Smooth up conspicuous unevenness, runs, and sags, with sand paper, and repaint.

(c)

Peel off blisters and cracks, and repaint.

(3)

Film thickness If film thickness is insufficient, apply additional coating.

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Annex 1

Surface Preparation Standard

11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

 

Degree of Surface Preparation

   

Standard

Class

Method

ISO,

SSPC (2)

JASS 18

 

SIS (1)

Special

Thoroughly remove mill scale and any other foreign matter so that the surface will be white metal.

Shot blast

     

class 1

Grit blast

Sa 3

Sp5-63

-

(Special 1K)

Sand blast

Pickling

-

Sp8-63

-

Class 1

Remove about 95% of mill scale and any other foreign matter.

Shot blast

     

(1K)

Grit blast

Sa 2 1 / 2

Sp10-63

Class 1B

Sand blast

 

Pickling

-

Sp8-63

-

Class 2

Remove two-thirds (about 65%) of mill scale and any other foreign matter.

Shot blast

     

(2K)

Grit blast

Sa 2

Sp6-63

-

Sand blast

 

Power brush

-

Sp3-63

Class 2

Disk sander

Jet chisel

Class 3

Carefully remove loose mill scale, loose rust and other foreign matter. (It is not necessary to remove firmly stuck mill scale.)

Power brush

     

(3K)

Disk sander

St 3

Sp3-63

Class 2

Jet chisel

Class 4

Remove loose mill scale, loose rust and any other foreign matter. (It is not necessary to remove firmly stuck mill scale.)

Power brush

     

(4K)

Disk sander

Middle

Middle

Jet chisel

between

between

-

St3 &

Sp3-63 &

Wire brush

St2

Sp2-63

Scraper

 

Hammer

Class 5

Remove only excessive loose rust and oil stains. (It is not necessary to remove firmly stuck mill scale.)

Wire brush

     

(5K)

Scraper

St 2

Sp2-63

-

Hammer

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11117198 - 2002090 - WP003

Notes

(1)

ISO stands for International Organization for Standardization

 

(ISO 8501-1 1988).

SIS stands for Swedish Standard

Institution (SIS 05 59 00 1976). Sadenotes blasting, and Stdenotes cleaning with a power tool or hand tool.

 

(2)

SSPC stands for the Steel Structures Painting Council.

Sp is

Remarks

1.

a surface preparation symbol defined by SSPC, U.S.A. Classes 1, 2 and 3 are generally recommended. Special class 1 shall not be used unless it is designated by the Owner or inorganic zink-rich paint is applied.

2.

For more detailed information on the surface preparation methods in the table, refer to ISO or SIS standards. ISO or SIS provides the various grades of surface preparation by written descriptions together with photographs that are representative examples within the tolerance for each grade as described in words.

3.

The parenthesized Special 1Kto 5Kare abbreviations of the cleaning classes of MH.

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Q:¥

¥_Spec¥11117198-2002090-WP003

Ternium

Painting

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Annex 2

Painting Specifications

   

Painting

   

Paint

 

Film thickness * ( m)

   

No.

Parts to be painted

place

Surface

     

No. of

Paint color

Remarks

(Shop or

preparation

Coating

Maker

Brand name

coats

(Munsell)

 

site)

         

DAINIPPON

EPONICS #3100H PRIMER

       

4.9.14

Steel Structure

SSPC-SP6 of

Prime

PAINT

Class of paint :

Shop

   

Two (2)

50

- 100

SP3

coating

   

---

 

CHUGOKU

EPICON T-500

   

P-1, C

   

PAINT

PRIMER

(Acid and Alkali Resistance)

               

DAINIPPON

EPONICS #3100

 

Finish

PAINT

ENAMEL

Green

Total DFT 100 - 150 m

Shop

Two (2)

50

- 100

---

Coating

   

(RAL 6011)

 

CHUGOKU

EPICON T-500

   
 

PAINT

FINISH

   
 

Handrails of

     

DAINIPPON

         

4.9.14

Steel Structure

SSPC-SP6 of

Prime

PAINT

Complex #10

Class of paint :

Shop

Two (2)

 

60

J-1

SP3

coating

   

---

 

CHUGOKU

LZI. PRIMER

   

(Weather

   

PAINT

Resistance less

     

DAINIPPON

       

than 100ºC)

Shop

Finish

PAINT

HYMEL

Two (2)

Safety Yellow

Total DFT 100 m

---

Coating

CHUGOKU

Heat & Oil Resistance Elva

 

40

(RAL 1018)

 

PAINT

     

*Paint maker and brand name is only for reference. Fabricator can apply equivalent domestic paint material.

*Film thickness

Dry

Wet

Average

Minimum