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CHAPTER 4: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF THE PROCESS

ADVANTAGES OF TEMPERED GLASS PROCESS:

1.

More

tough

as

compares to normal glass

as a result of its

resilient characteristic and

proof dynamics.
Tempered glass can be explained to the safety glass since it is made by
controlled thermal or substance treatment option to improve the effectiveness of

the particular glass.


Being 4 to 5 times stronger than any kind of glass

2.

Machine bavelloni straight edger


is to smooth a sharp sides after

Roller clay

This particular safety glass is actually specifically designed in order that it doesnt
emit sharp sides even if that fails.

3.

Heating process

Softening process

Be specific anti indefinite quantity glass thats produced through the method of
extreme heating system and quick cooling that makes it harder than normal
glass.

4.

Tempered glass causes that to burst into oval formed pebbles when broken.

DISADVANTAGES OF TEMPERED GLASS PROCESS:

1.

Tempered glass cannot again for cutting, and machining, only before the
tempered glass for processing to the shape of the steel processing again.
All the reject tempered glass will be sent back to the main factory for recycle it
will causes high due cost.
It will take a longer period of time to order and return back to us for the next
process.

2.

When tempered glass though a cooling process it will explosive (bursts) it mean
the tempered glass is not good and tough enough.

3.

The broken glass must throw away and cant recycle.

4. The tempered glass will be thinning because glass after thermal softening, after a
strong wind make its rapid cooling, make its internal crystal glass gap smaller,
pressure big, so after the tempered glass than in front of the toughened to thin.

ADVANTAGES OF LAMINATED GLASS PROCESS:


1.

Laminated glass is a type of safety glass that holds together when shattered.
In the event of breaking, it is held in place by an interlayer, typically of polyvinyl
butyral (PBV), between its two or more layers of glass.

2.

The interlayer keeps the layers of glass bonded even when broken, and its high

strength prevents the glass from breaking up into large sharp pieces.
This produces a characteristic spider web cracking pattern when the impact is
not enough to completely pierce the glass.

3. Normally use when there is a possibility of human impact or where the glass
could fall if shattered and also for architectural applications.
4. Does not allow as much sound to get through as does regular glass
5. Laminated glass for windows is that a PVB interlayer can block essentially most
ultraviolet radiation.
6. Protection from adverse weather condition.

DISADVANTAGES OF LAMINATED GLASS PROCESS:


1. Laminated windows are quite a bit more expensive than regular windows. This is
because they require a lot more steps during the manufacturing process and they
2.

have several layers of material.


If other side laminated glass cracks, you must remove both of them (cant be

recycle).
3. You might have to wait a few weeks before your windows are made, which can
leave you vulnerable at the time.

ADVANTAGES OF DOUBLE GLASS UNITS (DGU) PROCESS:

1. Double glass units retain much more heat in a room during reduce heat loss and
saving energy.
2. They reduce noise penetration and window to increase conform.
3. For summer, with the use of solar control glass, they can reduce heat gain, glare
and fading and increase air.
4. They are harder to break than single glass and the shards normally stay in place
after breakage, increasing security.

DISADVANTAGES OF DGU:
1. Cant be repaired. The space between the two panes of glass traps air, forming a
layer of insulation.
2. During the summer months, trapping heat inside can lead to stuffy and
uncomfortable room.
3. Not a good match for older homes. Double glazed window are modern looking,
so they can clash with older styles.

CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION

Glass is a combination of sand and other minerals that are melted together at
very high temperatures to form a material that is ideal for a wide range of uses from
packaging and construction to fibre optics. A form of glass occurs naturally within the
mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a
hard black glassy type of stone.. Glass, chemically, is actually more like a liquid, but at
room temperature it is so viscous or sticky it looks and feels like a solid. At higher
temperatures glass gradually becomes softer and more like a liquid. It is this latter
property, which allows glass to be poured, blown, pressed and moulded into such a
variety of shapes.
Based on our previous survey, we think laminated glass is the best designated
and more safety to use for windows and doors compared to tempered glass and DGU.
That is why the cost is higher than others. Customers can make a choice according to
its on atheistic view (ceramic printing). Even though the initial cost is quiet expensive,
the cost of maintenance (15-20 years). Glass also come with transparent on opaque
type. Transparent glasses able to make a small area became larger. However glasses
might have certain weakness such as item of low in fire resistant which cause be
danger to the occupier of the building. Otherwise, the glass that being rejected can be
recycle or throw away. At the end, we think the glass is the best choice of all material in
grand, type and price. Lastly, we can conclude how the glass process which form
tempered glass process to laminated glass process and to the double glass units (GDU)
process. Mr. Chia give us more knowledge about types of glass, the material that
required, machineries and equipment that is used, from where the glass are import, and
the more important is the process of glass to be made as a windows and doors in
construction.