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2017

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,


i

u:

bee
[bi]

bark
[bk]

sort
[st]

woo
[wu]

burn
[bn]

gin
[n]

den
[den]

lap
[lp]

gun
[gn]

log
[lg]

wood
[wud]

again
[gen]

may
[me]

dime
[dam]

toy
[t]

au

blouse roast
[blauz] [rust]

near
[n]

bear
[b]

moor
[mu]

pin
[pn]

tin
[tn]

kite
[kat]

fit
[ft]

thorn seat
[n] [sit]

show
[u]

chalk
[k]

bark dove game van


the
zag rouge
jug
[bk] [dv] [gem] [vn] [i] [zg] [ru] [g]
l

list
[lst]

rob
[rb]

year
[j]

win mop nib


[wn] [mp] [nb]


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sing
[s]

ham
[hm]

a. adjective
adv. adverb
attr. attributive
(
)
cj. conjunction
conj. conjunctive
indef. indefinite
int. interjection
interrog. interrogative

. noun
num. numeral
p.p. past participle

pass. passive
pers. personal
pl. plural
poss. possessive
predic. predicative

pref. prefix
prep. preposition
pron. pronoun
refl. reflexive
rel. relative
sg. singular
smb. somebody -.
smth. something -.
v. verb

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. .
.
.
.
. .

. .
.
.
.
.
.
.
. .
. ()
.-.
.
.
.
.
. .


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.

.
.
-. -
. ()
. ()
.
.
.
.
. ()
.
.
.
.
. .
.
.
. ()
.
-, - ,
.
.
.
.
. (
)
.
.
.
-
.
. .

.
.
.
. (
)
.

.
.
.
. ()
.
. ()
.
.
. .

.
.-.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. (
)
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.


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Aa [ ei ] []

Nn [ en ] []

Bb [ bi: ] []

Oo [ ou ] []

Cc [ si: ] []

Pp [ pi: ] []

Dd [ di: ] []

Qq [ kju: ] []

Ee [ i: ] []

Rr [ a: ] [:, ]

Ff [ ef ] []

Ss [ es ] []

Gg [ di: ] []

Tt [ ti: ] []

Hh [ eit ] []

Uu [ ju: ] []

Ii [ ai ] []

Vv [ vi: ] []

Jj [ dei ] []

Ww [ `dbl `ju: ] [-]

Kk [ kei ] []

Xx [ eks ] []

Ll [ el ] []

Yy [ wai ] []

Mm [ em ] []

Zz [ zed ] [ ]


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a/an [e] ( ); []
( )
;

.

: , ,

able [ebl] .
about [baut] prep.
above [bv] adv. ,
; ; ;
, , ;
abroad [brd] adv. ;

abruptly [brptl] adv. ,
, ;

absence [bs()ns] n.
absent [bs()nt] .
, to be absent

absent-minded [bs()nt man


dd] . ,

absent-mindedly [bs()nt man


ddl] adv.
absolute [bs()lut] . ,

absolutely [bs()lutl] adv.


, ,
,
abstract [bstrkt] n.
accent [ks()nt] n. ;
,

accept [ksept] v.
accept an offer [f]

acceptance [kseptns] n.
, , ;
, ; letter [let]
of acceptance

accessory [kses()r] n.
; (-.);

accessories [ksesrz] n.
, ;

accident [ksd()nt] n.
; ;

accompany [kmpn] v.

according to [kd tu]


;


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account

account [kaunt] n. ; ,
; account for v.
; ; ;
on account of ; -
accountant [kauntnt] n.

accumulator [kjumjlet] n.

accuracy [kjrs] n.
, ,
accurate [kjrt] a. ,
,
accuse [kjuz] v.
accustomed [kstmd] a.
, ;
,
ache [ek] v. ; n.
achieve [iv] v.
achievement [ivmnt] n.

acquaint [kwent] v.
() = acquaint with
() (-.)
acquaintance [kwent()ns] n.
; ;
= pal
acquainted [kwentd] a.

across [krs] prep. ; adv.


; ;
; across the street

act [kt] n. ; ;
; v. ;
activate [ktvet] v.
; ,

active [ktv] . ;
, ( ;
)
activity [ktvt] n.
(-ies)
actor [kt] n.
actress [ktrs] n.
adapt [dpt] v. ;

add [d] v. ;
additional [d()n()l] .
,
adjective [ktv] n.

address [dres] n. ; v.
( -.),
( -.)
administrative [dmnstrtv] .

admire [dma] v.
admirer [dmar] n.

adult [dlt], [dlt] n.


, ,

adult life
advance [dvns] n.
, ; v.
;
advantage [dvnt] n.
; ,
adventure [dven] n.

adverb [dvb] n.
adversary [dvs()r] n. ,


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almost

9
advice [dvas] n. (
)
advise [dvaz] v.
aerobics [rubks] n.
affect [fekt] v. ;
,
affection [fek()n] n. ,

a few [e fju] adv. (


)
afford [fd] v.
( )
-.;
-.
Afghanistan [fgnstn]

afraid [fred] a. ,
; ; be
afraid of
Africa [frk] n.
African [frkn] n. ;
.
after [ft] prep. ; after all
,
afternoon [ftnun] n.
; in the after
noon ,
again [gen], [gen] adv. ;
;
against [ge()nst] prep. ;
age [e] n. ; ; for ages
[ez] ,

agency [e()ns] n.
ago [gu] adv.
agree [gri] v.

agreement [grimnt] n.
;
ahead [hed] a. ,
; adv. ;
;
aim [em] n. ; v. (aim at/for)
(-.),

air [] n. ; v. ;
a. ,
air force [fs]
airline [lan] n.
airport [pt] n. ;
JFK [e] ef kei]

aisle [al] n. ( , , ,
)
alarm [lm] n. ;
; v. ,

alarm clock [lmklk] n.

alarmed [lmd] .

alcohol [lkhl] n. ,

all [l] rn. ; , , ;


; at all ()
all right [lrat] ; ;

allow [lau] v. ,

almond [mnd] n.
almost [lmust] adv.

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106

Aa


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107

I 1. () and;
2. () but
a II . ( , , ) ah! oh!
. abbreviation
.; ~ . univer
sity/college entrant
. season ticket
. aboriginal, aborigine;
native
. apricot
. absolutely
. advance
. adventure
. mergency
( , ); unsafe
( , );
~ alarm signal
. accident; breakdown
()
. August; ~ in August
|| . aircraft;
~a flying school
. aviation;
~ civil aviation
|| .; ~ . Austrian

.
autobiographical
. autobiogra
phy, curriculum vitae
. bus; ~ to
go by bus
. bus station
. autograph
|| . filling;
~ filling station
. author; (. ) writer; (. ) composer
. authority;
~ to have authority
(with)
. authorita
tive, trustworthy
. agent
. agency; ~
recruiting agency
. (political) campaig
ner; canvasser ( )
. aggressive;
() belligerent
. aggression


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108

. 1. ()
. lawyer; (neat, tidy; 2. ()
) barrister; .
attorney
careful, thorough; 3. ()
. manager, ad
punctual
ministrator
. acrobatics
. management,
. 1. () act; 2. .
administration; ~ local
deed, document; 3. ()
authorities
statement, report; 4. . act
. admiral
. actor, player
. address
. actively (
. addressee
); energetically (|| . address; ~
)
directory; ~ address
. actress
bureau, information bureau
. 1. actuality;
|| . infernal; hellish;
2. () urgency; 3. (
ne. awful, intolerable; ~
) topicality
splitting head
. 1. ()
ache
urgent; 2. () ac
. ardour; ~ with zest
tual; 3. () topical
. ardent; pas
. shark
sionate
. 1. () stress;
. alphabet, the ABC; ~
2. ( ) accent
finger alphabet,
. shareholder, stock
manual alphabet
holder
. academic; academi

I . () action
cian ( )
II . . share
. academy;
|| ., ~ . Albanian
the Academy of Sciences
. algebra
. 1. () water-co
. algebraic
lours; 2. () water-colour
. alibi
. aquarium (pl. aquar
. alcohol
ia, aquariums)
|| . alcoholic;
. 1. ()
~ strong drinks
accuracy; 2. () neat
. Allah
ness; 3. () thor
. allergy
oughness, carefulness; 4. ( . avenue; ( ) lane
) punctuality

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109

|| . April; ~ (
. diamond
) All Fools Day
. alphabet
. chemists (shop); phar
. alphabetical
macy; . drugstore
. album
.; ~ . Arab
. mountaineering
. watermelon
. mountaineer, moun
. argument
tain climber
. arena
. alternative
|| . 1. lease; ~
|| .; ~ . Ameri
to lease; 2. () rent
can
. 1. () arrest;
. American
2. () sequestration
. analysis; ~ blood
. prisoner
analysis
. aristocrat
. . to
. army, armed forces
analyse
. artery (. .)
. angel
. . article
. English
. actor, performer
. Englishman (pl.
. artistic
Englishmen)
. actress
. Englishwoman
. archaeology
(pl. Englishwomen)
. 1. (, )
. anecdote, funny story
archive; 2. ( . .)
|| . questionnaire; form;
archives pl.
~ to fill in a form
. architect
. aerial; . antenna
. architecture
(pl. -ae)
.; ~ . postgradu
. interval; ( )
ate student
interlude
. postgraduate
. orange
course
. . to
. . to attack
applaud, to clap hands
. 1. (, . applause sg.
) studio; 2. () tailors
. 1. apparatus; 2. shop; 3. ~ tele
. system; ~
vision service and repair shop
respiratory system; 3. ()
. athlete
staff
. athletics
. appetite
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232


Infinitive
( ?)

The Past Simple



( ?)
Participle II

(
( ?)
) (?)

arise [raz]
,
,

arose [ruz]
, ,
;
, ,

risen [rz()n]
,

be [bi] ,

was [wz]/were
[w] , ,
/

been [bin]

bear [b] ,
, ,

bore [b]
, ();
, ()

borne/born [bn]
,

beat [bit] ,
,

beat [bit]
, ;
,

beaten/beat
[bitn]/[bit]
, ,
()

become [bkm]
, ,

became [bkem]
;

become [bkm]

begin [bgn]
()

began [bgn]
;

begun [bign]
,

bend [bend]
(),
()

bent [bent]
();
()

bent [bent]
(),


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233

bet [bet]
,

bet [bet]
;

bet [bet]

bid [bd]

(bid for)

bid [bd]
;

bid [bd]

bind [band]
, ,
()
(bind to)

bound [baund]
;

bound [baund]
(),
()

bite [bat]

bit [bt]
;

bit/bitten
[bt]/[btn]
()

bleed [blid]
,

bled [bled]

bled [bled]

blow [blu]
,

blew [blu]
;

blown [blun]
( ),
( )

break [brek]
,
( )

broke [bruk]
, ;
,

broken [bruk()n]
(),

breed [brid]
,
()

bred [bred]
;
,

bred [bred]

( )

bring [br]
,

brought [brt]
, ;
,

brought [brt]
(),
()

broadcast
[brdkst]

/

broadcast
[brdkst]
()
/

broadcast
[brdkst]


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247

Stable combinations
of words and prepositions
WORD + PREPOSITION
smb = somebody (-)
smth = something (-)
1. Break smth by accident / -
2. According to (our previous agreement) (
)
3. An advertisement for (selling a computer) (
)
4. Be afraid of (ghosts) ()
5. At the age of (nineteen) 19
6. (I dont) agree with you. ( ) .
7. Apply for (a job)
8. Argue with smb about smth - -
9. Arrive at (the station) = at a place ()
10. Arrive in (the US/Chicago) = a country/city /

11. Ask smb for smth (help) - - (,


)
12. Be aware of (a problem)
13. Believe in (God) ()
14. Be at the market /
15. Be in the square
16. Belong to smb -
17. Be bored with smb/smth ( .
Am I boring you?)
18. Go by bus/train/car/airplane/on foot , ,
, /
19. In the (20th) century (20-)
20. (Have you got) change for (a dollar)? ,
()?

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251

Prepositions of time
( )
IN
In the morning/afternoon/evening //
In January
In summer/winter /
In 2013 2013
In the 1920s 20-
In two weeks/two weeks time 2
In your free/spare time

AT
At six a.m./p.m. 6 /
At midnight/noon /
At dawn/dusk /
At Christmas/Easter /
At the weekend/on the weekend (./.)
At the moment

ON
On Sunday, etc. ..
On Monday morning, etc. ..
On 18 January, etc. 18 ..

FOR
For six minutes etc. 6 ..
For a long time ( ).
For ages 100 . 100 .

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, .,

. : 10.2016
:
344019, , ., . --,
. , 57


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