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2017

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373.161.1:811.111
81.2-922
441
31

31

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/ . . .
. 7-. / : , 2017. 106, [1] c.
(, !).
ISBN 978-5-222-29115-3

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must-have . , .

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ISBN 978-5-222-29115-3

373.161.1:811.111
81.2-922
. ., 2013
: , 2013


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NTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................ 5
2. PRESSING PROBLEMS
OF THE MODERN WORLD ........................................ 13
Sample Essays ................................................................ 13
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 17
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 20

3. YOUTH PROBLEMS .................................................... 23


Sample Essays ................................................................ 23
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 27
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 30

4. TRAVELLING ............................................................................................. 34
Sample Essays ................................................................ 34
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 38
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 40

5. THE INTERNET ........................................................... 43


Sample Essays ................................................................ 43
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 46
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 48

6. EDUCATION ................................................................ 52
Sample Essays ................................................................ 52
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 56
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 58

7. SPORT ......................................................................... 62
Sample Essays ................................................................ 62
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 65
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 67

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8. HEALTH ...................................................................... 70
Sample Essays ................................................................ 70
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 74
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 77

9. LEISURE ACTIVITIES .................................................. 80


Sample Essays ................................................................ 80
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 84
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 86

10. FRIENDSHIP ............................................................. 89


Sample Essays ................................................................ 89
Topical Vocabulary ........................................................ 93
Vocabulary Exercises ...................................................... 96

11. APPENDIX ................................................................... 99

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1. Introduction

INTRODUCTION


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(Opinion Essay).
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1.
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Some people prefer to live in a private house, while others
tend to choose living in a flat.
= Nowadays lots of people face a difficult problem when
they buy their own home. / People always hesitate when
they are faced with the choice of buying their own home.
The issue is whether they should buy a flat or a private
house.
, , , ,
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(1) There is no doubt that... is one of the most pressing
issues in the modern world.
(2) One issue that has caused lots of controversy over the
years is...

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1. Introduction
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, :
Nowadays many people face a difficult decision when they... , ...
There is no doubt that... is one , ...
of the most pressing issues in the modern world

One solution that can be put
forward is...
One issue that has caused lots
of controversy over the years
is...

...
,
, ...

Nowadays people are getting


more and more concerned
about...
Experts say that...


...
...

So is... really important and , could we live without it?


...
()?
One very complex problem in modern world is...
...
I would like to express my
opinion on this problem...
...
But all the same, there are , ,
clear benefits and drawbacks
...
to both opinions...
It is generally accepted that...

, ...

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A common opinion is that...

...

There are those who say that... , ...


It goes without saying that...

, ...

Some people are convinced


that...
, ...
Today it is generally agreed ,
that...
...

2.
, -
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,
, , .. ,
,
. ,
,
. - ,
, : Im,
cant, dont.
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1. Introduction

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However, there are people who consider that stray animals
must be put down. Personally I strongly object to this
statement. In my judgment, it is cruel because nobody has
a right to take life from any living being.
:
My personal view is that...

, ...

In my experience...

...

In my opinion/judgment/
view...

...

Hence...

...

In fact,...

/ / ...

To be more precise...

...

For example/for instance...

...

Id like to support my point of


view with an example...
...
To begin with...

, ....

The first thing that needs to , be said is...


, ...
On the one hand/on the other /
hand...

Moreover...

...

Besides...

...

Furthermore...

...

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Nevertheless...

...

All the same...

, ...
, ...

Experts say that...

Many people attach too much importance to...


...
One reason why this approach , may (not) work is that...
() ...
First of all/secondly/thirdly/ -/ -/-finally...
/ ...
There is a simple reason for this...
...
People should not remain
indifferent to this problem...

...
On the contrary, if all of us ,
join our efforts we can change , the world for the better...
...
Personally, I strongly object to this statement...
...
I completely disagree with this
statement...

A whole number of key issues
arise from this statement. For
instance...
Nevertheless, let us consider
this problem from another
angle...

. ...
...

There would seem to be clear pros and cons to both options... ...
As far as I am concerned...

...

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1. Introduction
But personally, I incline more
to the opinion of...
For every complicated
problem there is a simple
solution...
There is a great deal of truth in
what they say...

...

...
...

3.

. , ,
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, . , .
, , 200250 ( 180,
275 ).
:
In conclusion, I would like to
emphasize that tastes differ... ,
...
So its up to you to decide ,
whether... or not...
... ...
In summary, I believe that... , , ...
To sum up...

...

Taking into consideration all


...
mentioned above...

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All in all, I still strongly believe , that...
, ...
To summarize...
...
In conclusion, it should be
noted that although...
To draw the conclusion, it
should be observed that...

, , ...
, ...

, , .
Good luck with your exams!

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2. Pressing Problems of the Modern World

PRESSING PROBLEMS

OF THE MODERN WORLD

Sample Essays
a Some people think that smoking should be banned in public
places. What is your opinion? Do you agree with the
statement?
One issue that has caused lots of controversy over the
years is a ban on smoking in public places. Since cigarette
smoke is very harmful to peoples health, it is not humane
to expose non-smokers to second-hand smoke without their
consent. However, there are people who still ignore this rule.
In this essay I intend to show the importance of banning
smoking in public places.
To begin with, every person has a right to safety. That
is why it is not only hazardous but even illegal to make
non-smokers inhale this dangerous second-hand smoke.
Furthermore, it is common knowledge that smoking causes
lots of diseases such as cancer, asthma, emphysema and
many others. Thereby, I believe that the ban on smoking
can make people think about their health.
Nevertheless, some people think that smoking bans
significantly infringe on the legitimate rights of smokers.
The problem is that many public places, such as restaurants,
bars and airplanes become unsuitable for smokers. But on

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the other hand, smokers can always go outside or light up
in a smoking area. Moreover, this inconvenience can in the
long run help people to reduce their cigarettes intake.
All in all, I still strongly believe that smoking should be
banned in all isolated public places such as airports,
workplaces, restaurants and bars. So, it is up to you whether
to smoke or not, but it is unfair to make other people
suffer from second-hand smoke and its negative effects.
(242 words)
a Some people spend too much money on their pets while
lots of stray animals need a shelter. Do you agree with
this statement? What is your opinion?
There is no doubt that the problem of stray animals is
one of the most pressing issues in the modern world. My
personal view is that all people must take care not only of
their pets but do their best to improve the quality of life
and welfare for homeless animals.
The first thing that needs to be said is that people should
not remain indifferent to this problem. On the contrary, if
all of us join our efforts we can change the world for the
better. First of all, people can focus on saving money instead
of spending too much for their pets. Secondly, it is common
knowledge that lots of animals live outdoors, starve and
freeze to death. That is why we must direct our efforts to
creating shelters for them. Furthermore, it is necessary to
mention about the problem of animal overpopulation. In my
opinion, people should create action groups of volunteers
who direct their attention to the spaying and neutering
program.

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2. Pressing Problems of the Modern World


However, there are people who consider that stray animals
must be put down. According to their opinion, stray animals
constitute a real threat to people since they are sick and
contagious. Personally, I think it is cruel because nobody has
a right to take life from any living being. Instead of killing
sick animals it is better to cure them and find a shelter.
In conclusion, the problem of stray animals is still urgent.
All in all, I strongly believe that people should be more
human and show concern about all poor homeless creatures.
(259 words)
a Some people think that euthanasia should be legalized.
Do you agree with this statement? What is your opinion?
There is no doubt that the problem of euthanasia is one of
the most pressing issues in the modern world. It should be
noted that countries with the official legitimation of this
procedure such as Belgium and the Netherlands are rather
the exception, than the rule. The question is should euthanasia
be legalized?
Personally, I think that from a religious point of view,
euthanasia or assisted suicide is a real murder. Nobody has a
right to take life from any human being. Another thing that
should be mentioned is that medicine does not stand still. For
instance, some fatal diseases of the past, such as tuberculosis
or cholera are now treatable. Moreover, euthanasia can indirectly
lead to the increase in numbers of deaths. Experts say that
greedy relatives can enter into conclusion with medical staff
to enter into possession of a fortune as soon as possible.
But there are still those who support the idea of legalizing
euthanasia. According to their point of view, patients with

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no hope of recovering have a right to die. In their opinion, it
is inhuman to torture patients with incurable diseases. My
personal view is that while there is life there is hope and
painkillers.
Taking into consideration all mentioned above, I think
that people should better catch at straws to rescue their
nearest and dearest rather than condemn them to death.
(228 words)
a Some people think that death penalty should be legal. Do
you agree with this statement? What is your opinion?
One issue that has caused lots of controversy over the
years is legalization of capital punishment. Advocates and
opponents of death penalty have not arrived at a common
opinion so far. So, is capital punishment a necessity or not?
To begin with, capital punishment has existed since
ancient times. For our purpose here, it is enough to remember
just some of them: beheading, crucifixion, guillotine and
burning at the stake. It goes without saying that now all
these instruments of torture are survivals of the past but
capital punishment still exists in many countries of the
world. I strongly believe that crime must be punishable. But
from a religious point of view it is a murder. Moreover, experts
say that many people around the world are often condemned
for crimes they never committed. Undoubtedly, to err is
human but not in the case of passing a judgment.
But there are still supporters of capital punishment.
According to their opinion, in the countries where capital
punishment is legal the rate of crime is considerably decreased.
There is a simple reason for this: fear of death, which is

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2. Pressing Problems of the Modern World


peculiar to all human beings. Besides, capital punishment
can save government funding aimed at maintenance of lifeterm prisoners. In my opinion, it is inhuman to throw life
and money into the scales.
Taking into consideration all mentioned above, I think
that life imprisonment is even more harsh punishment than
death penalty because criminals are forced to live with guiltfeeling and pangs of conscience for all their life.
(253 words)

Topical Vocabulary
Smoking
1) cigarette smoke
2) second-hand smoke ,

3) to expose [Ikspquz] (),


4) ban on smoking
5) inhale [InheIl] , (
)
6) smoker/non-smoker /
7) emphysema [ eImfIsi:mq]

8) ashtray [xStreI]
9) to light up (a cigarette) (),
10) to infringe on the legitimate rights of somebody

11) smoking/non-smoking area /

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11. Appendix

11

APPENDIX
Proverbs and sayings

1) Skill and confidence are an unconquered army.


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(George Herbert)
2) A sound mind in a sound body.
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()
3) An apple a day keeps a doctor away.
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()
4) Sports do not build character. They reveal it.
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(Heywood Hale Broun)
5) Education, therefore, is a process of living and not a
preparation for future living.
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(John Dewey)
6) It is only the ignorant who despise education.
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(Cyrus)

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