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# M U V MATLAB

I.

MT S LNH C BN
1. clc : Xa ca s lnh
2. clear : Xa cc mc trong b nh
3. demo : Chy chng trnh c sn mt s hng dn ca Matlab
4. disp : Hin ni dung ra mn hnh
5. format : nh dng kiu hin th cc s trong matlab
6. length : Hin th chiu di vecto
7. size : Hin th cp ca ma trn

II. MT S TON T

Ton t

Cng dng

<

So snh nh hn.

>

So snh ln hn.

>=

<=

==

-=

&

III. HM TON HC
Hm trong matlab
exp(x)
sqrt(x)
acos(x)
abs(x)
imag(z)
conj(z)
round(x)

Hm thc t
ex
x1/2
arccosx
|x|
Imz

Hm trong matlab
log(x)
sin(x)
sinh(x)
real(z)
angle(z)
rem(x,y)

Lm trn x

sign(x)

Hm thc t
lnx
sinx
sinhx
Rez
argz
Phn d ca php
chia x:y
Du ca x (1 nu
x>0)

## IV. LNH TRONG GII TCH

LNH
subs(f,x,x0)
eval(f)
solve()
dsolve()
limit(f,x,a,left)

KT QU
Gi tr hm f ti x0
Cp nht hm f sau khi i bin
Gii pt hoc hpt
Gii pt hoc hpt vi phn

lim f

xa
n

diff(f,x,n)

int(f), int(f,a,b)

( x)
b

f x dx, f x)dx
a

taylor(f,x,n)

n1

k
f (a)

k 0

k!

factorial(n)
factor(f)
expand()
residue(a,b)

x a k

n!
Phn tch a thc f thnh nhn t
Khai trin thnh a thc
Phn tch hm hu t thnh tng cc phn
thc n gan
V ng cong trong mp Oxy
T mu trong mp Oxy
Gn tn string cho hnh v
Gn tn cho 2 trc ta
Gn tn cho tng ng cong

ezplot()
fill()
title(string)
xlabel, ylabel
legend

## V. LNH TRONG I S TUYN TNH

LNH
sym2poly

KT QU

x3 x 2 3 3 0 1 3

poly2sym

conv(a,b)c
[q,r]=deconv(a,b)

## Nhn 2 a thc vit dng ma trn

Chia 2 a thc vit dng ma trn, thng l q, phn
d l r
Tm nghim a thc vit dng ma trn
To ma trn 0 cp mxn
To ma trn bc thang rt gn cp mxn
AT

roots( a)
zeros(m,n)
eye(m,n)
A
rank(A)

0 1 3 x3 x 2 3

Hng mt A
-1

inv(A) hoc A

A-1

A\B

## Chia ngc ma trn (A\B = inv (A)*B).

A(: , j)

Ch ct th j ca ma trn A

A(i , :)

Ch hng th i ca ma trn

A(: , :)

Ch ton b ma trn A

A(j , k)

A(: , j , k)

A(:)

## [m,i]=max(A) hoc min(A)

m:phn t ln nht mi ct ca mt A, i: V tr ca m

[kq,i]=sort(A)

## Sp xp theo th t tng dn tng ct ca mt A; i l

v tr cc phn t trc khi sp xp

det(A)

det(A)

trace(A)

inv(A)

A-1

AT

[s d]=jordan(A)

[s,d]=eig(A)

B=rref(A)

dot(a,b)

## VI. NHM LNH KHI V HNH

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
VII.

axes: t v tr cc trc ta
axis: t li trc ta
xlabel, ylabel, zlabel: t tn trc ta
grid on (off): m (tt) li trn trc
hold on (off): gi (b) cc ng cong trn cng hnh v
set: t tnh cht cho 1 i tng no
MT S LNH KHI VIT CODE
1. input: Nhp gi tr t bn phm
2. eval : Cp nht li hm sau khi i bin
VD:
Cho f=x+2y,
i bin: x=r*cos(phi);y=r*sin(phi);
Cp nht li hm f: f=eval(f)=r*cos(phi)+2*r*sin(phi)
3. for . endfor : To vng lp khi bit s ln lp
4. while end :To vng lp khi cha bit s ln lp nhng bit iu kin dng vng
lp
5. if elseif else end: thc hin lnh khi bit iu kin
6. pause: Dng chng trnh ang chy
7. fprintf: Xut d liu ra mn hnh