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School of Mechanical and Building sciences / STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING
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Effect of prestressing on the cracking moment of RC flexure members
Rahil Qureshi, Varun Singh Chandel, Dr. Yamini Sreevalli.I
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ABSTRACT
METHODOLOGY
RESULTS
Cracking moment is defined as the moment due to the external
loads, at which the first crack occurs in a flexural member. Considering
the variability in stress at the occurrence of the first crack, the evaluated
cracking moment is just an estimate. In general, various codes specify the
cracking moment for both the reinforced concrete and prestressed
concrete depending on the grade of the concrete. But in prestressed
concrete, apart from the high strength concrete amount of prestressing and
the presence of non prestressing steel affects the cracking behavior.
Design of RC beam and Pre-stressed concrete
beam section is done according to IS 456:2000 and
IS 1343 respectively.
The cracking moment for a simply supported RC beam
with two point loading is calculated theoretically and
compared with the numerical results in Ansys v16.
Cracks in RCC beam at
No cracks in Type- I
PSC beam at service
Hence,
a
need is
felt
to simulate the behavior of prestressed
concrete in the context of cracking. For this purpose, as a first step
Similarly the pre-stressed beam of Type-1 and Type-2 is
modeled in Ansys 16 with the same support and loading
condition as RC beam.
experimental test results of RC beams are verified numerically and
prestressed concrete beams are modeled further and the results were
compared to study the effect of prestressing
Comparison of M cr for both RC beam and prestressed
beam is done.
Cracks observed in
Type-II PSC Beam at
14kN at service
ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES
OBJECTIVES
REFERENCES
1.
The objective is to study the effect of prestressing on the cracking
moment of prestressed beam and to find out the post-peak behaviour
analysis of member with respect to the load-deflection. (we didn’t
write about this in paper)
Finite element analysis using Ansys v16.0
Prestressing force for the Prestressed Member
J. C. M. Ho, A. K. H. Kwan and H. J. Pam. Theoretical analysis of post-peak
flexural behaviour of normal- and high-strength concrete beams. Struct. Design
Tall Spec. Build. 12, 109–125 (2003)
2.
M. A. Rashid, M. A. Mansur. Reinforced High-Strength Concrete Beams in
Flexure. ACI Structural Journal, V. 102, No. 3, May-June 2005.pp 462-472
Type
3.
-
I
P e = 213kN
Type
- II P e = 142kN
WU YI. Post-crack and post-peak behavior of reinforced concrete members by
nonlinear finite element analysis. Ph.D. Thesis The University of Hong Kong
 Major contribution of this project is to provide the behavior of
post peak response of RCC/PSC subjected to flexure.
(2006)
4.
 To know the effect of prestressing steel on cracking moment
with comparison with RC flexure beam
M K Maroliya. Comparative Study of Flexural Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete
Beam and Prestressed Concrete Beam. International Journal of Engineering
Research and Applications Vol. 2, Issue 6, November- December
2012, pp.230-233.
The details of the elements and dimensions used are as follows:
5.
S Unnikrishna Pillai and Devdas Menon “Reinforced Concrete Design”
E= 2.9580E10 N/m 2
Solid 65
µ=0.2
6.
M.Nadim Hassoun and Akthem Al-Manaseer “Structural Concrete”
uniaxial cracking stress=4.141*10 6 N/m 2
Beam 188
E= 2*10 11 N/m 2 , µ=0.3
Yield stress= 415*10 6 N/ m 2
Dimension of the beam: L=5.5m, B=0.25m, H=0.40m
# 4 rebars with 50mm cover.
Mr. varun
Mr. Rhul