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15 16 19 US Navy departs Deep Freeze - Air Force Takes over (see page 2)

US Navy departs Deep Freeze -

Air Force Takes over

(see page 2)

departs Deep Freeze - Air Force Takes over (see page 2) Military/intelligence business goes on. A

Military/intelligence business goes on. A US Air Force pickup carrying "safe hand bags" to a

Starlifter bound for the US spy-base at Pine Gap in Australia. These weekly flights will continue under the cover of Antarctic business with the Air Force entrenched at Harewood.

In this issue:

J1l!.9.g

ABC bids a low-key farewell to the US Navy

2

"Echelon" - The word spread in Europe

3

Waihopai - Questions asked in Parliament

5

Boost to Waihopai's spying capability well underway

7

Kiwi MI6 agent gaoled for threatened whistleblowing

8

SIS comes out of the

closet - Not!

Philippines:

Is Uncle Sam coming in through the back door?

New US/Philippines visiting forces agreement

New US base in Mindanao

Okinawa: The struggle continues

Spooky BITS

Military madness - Hackers make a big hit but Iittle,change for the

- Hackers make a b i g hit but Iittle,change for the new millennium 9 10

new millennium

9

10

11

12

12

13

14

Quest for Peace: Confession, Lies and Heroes (review)

CIA File

Jacqui Barrington

Mike MaDre, the NZ Constitution and Walhopai

Obituary:

18

ABC Bids Low-key Farewell to the US Navy

Three members of the Anti-Bases Campaign in Chnstchurch bid the US Navy adieu on Friday afternoon, 20 February 1 998 out at Christchurch Airport. Our action was quiet and respectful as befitted the occasion. The formal Navy ceremonies that morning were somber. There were tears in the eyes of hardened military men as they handed over the logistics reins to the US Air Force, and remembered those who have died in Antarctic service over the many years of Operation Deep Freeze.

We did not wish to disrupt the events of the day, but we did wish to leave a small memento of our presence there ). We were blunt: US Navy Good

And

we signed it Anti-Bases Campaign (anonymity is not our practice).

Riddance?

US Air Force Better Riddance!

We also had a rather large postcard that we wished to mail to Presiden' Bill Clinton using the convenient US Postal facJities at the Antarctic Centre. But the P.O. was closed for the ceremonies. So we left our calling card on the premises and Bob Leonard , still a US citizen with a few American dollars in his possession, returned the following day to mail th·3 post card. This too failed despite a long wait in 3 queue composed of very loud and excited AI ',erican youths (with outrageous accents) who were shipping their personal goods back hom'.> after their summer tours of duty on the Ice. When he finally got to the desk to buy the necessary US stamps for the post card, the clerk asked for his )DF identification. He had him there. His Forest and Bird membership card did not impress. He was forced to use the NZ Post.

card did not impress. He was forced to use the NZ Post. President Clinton has yet

President Clinton has yet to reply to our request to remove the US Air Force fl)m Harewood along with the Navy. We are not ev m sure he personally received the post card. Of cOlrse we are prepared to meet with the President to present our arguments which we summarise in the following.

The real reason behind the Air Force takeover at Operation De,ep Freeze

The Navy is being phased 01>1 Operation Deep Freeze after 42 years Why did the US Air Force win thiS particular game of endless Inter-service rivalry in the US military? Becau,:e-

endless Inter-service rivalry in the US military? Becau,:e- o In addition to its logistics flights for

o

In addition to its logistics flights for Antarctic research, the Air Force also engages in Channel flights on military/intelligence business.

o

The Navy had but a single role: logistiCS for Operation Deep Freeze. Thus the Navy was expendable and lost the game,

With this move, the US Government retains its Deep Freeze camouflage for the Air Mobility Command flights that serve large US intelligence installations at Pine Gap and Nurrungar in Australia. But because everyone expects to see Starlifters and Galaxys at our airport, few question their military roles. They are not covered by the Antarctic Agreement with the New Zealand government.

The Air Force flights serving Pine Gap and Nurrungar have nothing to do with the Antarctic

and nothing to do with civilian logistics. Divorced from Operation Deep Freeze the so-called Channel Flights would have stood out like a sore thumb. They would have been impossible for the New Zealand Government to explain to the people of Christchurch and the nation. In other words, an all­ Navy logistics operation would have left the Air Force Channel Flights as an isolated, intolerable and indefensible foreign military presence in New Zealand.

ABC sees the transfer of US Navy logistics to the US Air Force at Operation Deep Freeze as a negative development. It is not de-militarisation, as ABC has urged for many years; it is trans­ militarisation - transfer of all logistiCS to one service, the one that serves the widest array of interests of the American government in this part of the world.

of the American government in this part of the world. The Anti-Bases Campaign is happy to

The Anti-Bases Campaign is happy to see the Navy go, But the US military presence in Christchurch will not be significantly diminished as a result. And we have reason to believe the National Science Foundation might feel the sarne, But of course they can't say so because they too are an arm of the US government, albeit a civilian one.

Why did the National Science Foundation (NSF) choose the Air Force instead of the Navy to take

over all Antarctic flight logistiCS? It would have made far greater sense to continue to use the vast Antarctic flight experience of the Navy pilots than to bring in Air Force pilots whose experience has

been

in the Arctic, It seems clear that the NSF

Peace Researcher - Page 2

probably didn't have much say in this matter. The NSF funds and runs the America� Antarctic Program. As a civilian agency, it has n� interest in the military and intelligence roles of the Air Force, but it has nevertheless lost its experienced Navy pilots. The Ski-Hercules said to be owned by the NSF will now be flown by New York I�ir National Guard (NYANG) pilots, who will also contribute several NYANG ski-Hercules to the Antarctic fleet. That of course could have been done without any further Air Force Involvement at all.

Back in 1 996, the reasons for the Navy departure were said to be to save money as the Antarctic program funding was being reduced. But is very hard to see how any money will be saved by one military arm expanding to replace another. And with the US South Pole Station slated for nulti­ million dollar renewal of all facilities, the Ught­ money argument rings a bit hollow.

++++++++++++++++++

"Echelon" - The word spreads in Europe

Recently, one of our Canadian correspondents sent us a clipping from an Ore90n (USA) newspaper with the headline "Listening post hears everything but says nothing about it". It was dated 7 June 1 987 and was all about satellite spying at a station at Sugar Grove, West Virginia Later that year we were to learn of a similar s'ation being planned for construction in the South Island at Waihopai.

planned for construction in the South Island at Waihopai. Ten years later, due mainly to publicat'on

Ten years later, due mainly to publicat'on of Nicky Hager's book "Secret Power", the European Parliament and British media have aired information on ECHELON, the global system for satellite spying. The Daify Telegraph (16 December 1 997) headlined "They are eavesdropping on our every word". The news item describes a European Commission (Ee) report on the "global electronic spy network that can eavesdrop on every telephone, email and telex

communication around the world

" Prominent in

the article is a world map revealing the locations of the ECHELON stations. Waihopai, neclr Blenheim, shows clearly as one of only five "Intelsat monitors" in the world. You know all about this of course if

you've read Nicky's book, or your recent Peace Researchers, or indeed some recent m,,,dia reports in New Zealand. But it seems heartening that the word is getting out in the Northern Hemisphere as well (the EP report has also been covered in the New York Times, 24 February 1 998)

It has been a slow awakening. First accounts of the American National Security Agency's growing signals intelligence capabilities appeared in the 1 970s and early 80s thanks to research by Duncan Campbell, James Bamford and others.

to research by Duncan Campbell, James Bamford and others. Their pioneering efforts are duly citee' in

Their pioneering efforts are duly citee' in the EC report, which was commissioned bV the Civil Liberties Committee of the European P i ,rliament.

Entitled "An appraisal of technologies of political control", the report seems hard-hitting ir its recommendations including -

"All surveillance technologies,

operations and

practices should be subject to procedures to ensure democratic accountability

"Use of telephone interception by Member states should be subject to procedures of

Before any telephone

interception takes place a warrant should be

obtained in a manner prescribed by the relevant

"The European Parliament should reject proposals from the United States for making private messages via the global communications network accessible to US Intelligence Agencies

public accountability

accessible to US Intelligence Agencies public accountability " But how likely is the EuroParl to successfully

"

But how likely is the EuroParl to successfully implement such recommendations? Not very, if a report by Statewatch' is read carefully: "A special report by Statewatch published at the end of February [1 997] detailed plans for a joint initiative drawn up by the Council of the European Union and the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

to introduce a global system for the surveillance of telecommunications - phone calls, e-mai/s and faxes. The planning is not new;

it has been going on for over five years with no democratic debate by any member governme,nt of the European Union.

debate by any member governme,nt of the European Union. You might well ask, How does this

You might well ask, How does this plan differ from what is already going on with ECHELON? Perhaps most importantly the system would be under

1 Statewatch Bulletin monitors the state and civil liberties in the UK and Europe. E-mail: statewatch­

off@ge02.poptel.org.uk

Peace Researcher - Page 3

international control, not US control as ECHELON now is (with four junior partners to the UKUSA Agreement, one of which is NZ), There is a draft resolution that makes clear the intent of the system

a draft resolution that makes clear the intent of the system " the legally authorised in

" the legally authorised in terception of telecom mun ications is an important tool for the protection of national interest, in particular national security and the investigation of serious crime,"

security and the investigation of serious crime," At least this statement of the pu rpose of

At least this statement of the pu rpose of massive global interception makes reference to legality, a refreshing departure from the UKUSA-ECHELON system whose purposes are known only to the inner circle of the intelligence community, Because of the total secrecy surrounding ECHELON, global citizens have good reason to challenge the legality of its sweeping powers of interception and Its accountability to no one,

secrets of its 'partners'" by virtue of its membership in the UKUSA-ECHELON system,

,
,

Echelon

the public - With

Labour MP Tim Barnett, researcher-author Nicky Hager and Anti-Bases Campaign members worked

together closely in late 1 997 and In January 1 998

before

to bring the Waihopai issue and the

system

considerable success,

Parliament and

See later article (Questions in Parliament) for details,

- Bob Leonard

TOP SECURITY - MAXWELL SMART STYLE As the Pentagon prepared to attack Iraq in February
TOP SECURITY -
MAXWELL SMART STYLE
As the Pentagon prepared to attack Iraq in
February this year, a man walked into the offices of
the State Department's Executive Secretary and
opened a zippered pouch containing some of the
highest-level intelligence secrets of the U S,
Government. The man apparently placed most of
the contents of the pouch in his own briefcase and
then walked out of the heavily guarded enclave, A
top-priority FBI investigation is underway,
according to Time Magazine [March 1 6, 1 998] who
ran an exclusive story, The report speculates that
the lost documents could have contained the daily
digest of National Security Agency intercepts
gathered from the global network of satellites and
listening devices, These often bear the
classification UMBRA, a category higher then TOP
SECRET, because they relate to the most sensitive
electronic secrets that Washington possesses,
Time notes that the intercepts would have included
material from Iraq and also information from spying
on NSA targets that are ", not only hostile
countries but also U,S, allies", (The spying on
Washington's allies passes without commentl),
Officials have not completely dismissed the idea
that the material may have just been lost in a
departmental cock-up,

It has to be the height of fantasy for the EuroParl and the FBI to propose a global system that would have to incorporate, indeed take over, the NSA's ECHELON system for the "benefit" of all member nations, The alternative is for the EuroParl and the FBI to create their own equivalent of that system from scratch, How likely is that to happen, and who would pay the astronomical costs? And what does the NSA get up to with its global interception system? In addition to the impressive detail in Hager's " Secret Power", we have some recent clues:

The NSA rarely features in the mainstream media, but it did crop up in Time magazine recently, in an article detailing the brazen theft of highly classified documents from the office US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright The pouch from which the documents were taken in full view of dim-witted State Department staff "could have contained the daily digest of National Security Agency intercepts gathered by ultrasecret satellites and listening devices, These often bear the special code-word UMBRA, a category beyond TOP SECRET, reserved for the most sensitive electronic intelligence, Typically, the NSA

targets not only hostile countries

but also US

allies" (Time, 16 March 1 998, p, 26) [em phasis added, Ed ]

On the same theme, Statewatch reported in its January-February 1 998 issue (p, 1 9) that, "The UK's overseas intelligence gathering service, MI6 " spies on other EU [European Union] governments to strengthen their position in negotiation", Among European nations"", the UK alone has access to the most closely guarded

Peace Researcher - Page 4

Waihopai · Questions Asked in Parliament

On 22 December 1997, Tim Barnett, Labour MP from Christchurch, asked a set of questions in Parliament about developments and operations at Waihopai. The questions and the responses, replete with distortion and eVilsion, are reported below. It is hoped that a fUl1her set of follow-up questions will be presented to the Prime Minister soon.

questions will be presented to the Prime Minister soon. [Question] 17613 Tim Barnett (TB) What are

[Question] 17613 Tim Barnett (TB) What are the planned starting and completion dates for the construction of the second antenna at the GCSB's Waihopai Station. and what is the projected cost of the new antenna and its construction?

Shipley: Construction of the second antenna at the GCSB's Waihopai station has already started. As

yea: [1997], the

was annou nced publicly in July this

antenna was planned to be in use withi� a year at an estimated cost of $3.4 million. [Norice that the

cost is attributed to the antenna only and not the full costs of developmentl

1 7614 TB: What are the planned starting and completion dates for the installation of new equipment for monitoring telephone communications at the GCSB's Waihcpai Station, and what is the projected cost of this equipment?

Shipley: Other than providing information relating to the second antenna at the GCSB's Waihopai Station, I am not prepared, for reason:, of national security, to disclose further information concerning the enhancement of the Bureau's operational capabilities. [No denial of installation for monitoring telephone communications!]

1 7615 TB: Why has the requirement for planning approval under the Resource Management Act 1 991 [been] waived for the construction of the second antenna at the GCSB's Waihopai Station?

Shipley: Planning approval for the construction of the second antenna at the Waihopai Station was not waived. Section 4(2) of the Resource Management Act 1 991 provides that th" provisions of the Act do not apply to any work or a�tivity of the Crown which the Minister of Defence certifies is necessary for reasons of national security. The Minister of Defence has issued such a ':ertificate in this case.

of Defence has issued such a ':ertificate in this case. 17616 TB: Will a warrant be

17616 TB: Will a warrant be required befor, GCSB can intercept the communications of New Zealanders, as has been provided for under the Crimes (Exemption of Listening Device).£Jrder 1 997; if so, who will be responsible for issuing the warrants, and what will be the criteria upon which they judge whether to allow the interception to take place; if not, why not?

Shipley: The GCSB does not intentionally intercept the communications of New Zealanders, nor does the Crimes (Exemption of Listening Device) Order 1 997 provide for such interception. The Order-In­ Council permits the Bureau to intercept specified foreign communications for foreign intelligence purposes. No interception warrant is required for such activities. [Note. "The GCSB does not intentionally intercept the communications of New Zealanders: (1) It does do so accidentally? (2) Its mates (who ask the station to intercept communications) can use Waihopai to do it (3) Shipley does not define "foreign" intelligence]

1 7617 TB: Did the I ntelligence and Security Agencies Committee agree to the Crimes (Exemption of Listening Device) Order 1 997?

Shipley The prinCipal function of the ISC in relation to the GCSB is to examine the policy, administration and expenditure of the Bureau The Com mittee has no executive functions. As with any other example of secondary legislation, decisions relating to the Crimes (Exemption of Listening Device) Order 1 997 were taken by the Cabinet The ISC therefore had no role in agreeing to this decision. My predecesser, Mr Bolger, did however choose to ensure that all members of the ISC were fully briefed on this matter before the final deGision was taken.

1 7618 TB: Will New Zealanders be allowed access to information collected about them by the GCSB at its Waihopai Station as has been provided for under the Crimes (Exemption of Listening Device) Order 1 997, under the Privacy Act 1 993?

Shipley: I refer the Honourable Member to my answer to Question Number 1 7616. As no information about New Zealanders will be coll'3cted by the GCSB under the Crimes (Exemption of Listening Device) Order 1 997, the que,;tion of access under the Privacy Act 1 993 does not arise.

Peace Researcher - Page 5

[Note again:

will

"no information about New Zealanders

common

be

col/ected

by

the

GCSB".

It

is

Nicky

evidence,

Hager's

book

"Secret

Power"

is

clearly

shows

Wahopai

and

part

other

of

a

practice amongst overseas intelligence agencies to

listening

network

utilised

by

all

the

UKUSA

get their mates to

collect information

on their own

on their own

agencies.]

nationals

so

they

can deny

doing

so

'hemselves.

See also Question

17621 below]

1

7622

TB

What

was

the total

cost

of the

police

 

operation

during

public

protests

at

the

GCSB

17619 TB:

How much has

been spent

on new

security measures at the GCSB's Waih'Jpai

Station

in the

last 12 months?

Shipley Approximately $300,000

on new security measures at the GCSE's Waihopai

spent

has been

Station

in

the last

12

months.

[This

presumably

includes

none

of

the

new

fencing

and

other

measures that went into place before1997.

new security is in place?}

So what

1

7620

TB:

Will

any

as

intercepted coml1unications

be collected

to

Device)

under

of

under the

Order

intelligence sharing arrangements?

New Zealanders

1 997

are allowed

other

Crimes (Exemption of

be

supplied

to

Listening

nations

Wahopai

Station

in

January

1 997,

including

the

police

salaries,

overtime

payments,

transport and

other

extra

costs

beyond

the

average

weekend

polioe costs in Marlborough?

Elder (Minister of Police)

were

the

Police salaries remained

have

only

Following

A total of 23

police staff

of

1997.

they would

and the

meals.

for

were convicted

employed at various times for the duration

police operation

from

17 to

19

January

the same as

been,

extra

regardless of

the operation,

costs

were

abour

$500

the protests,

20 persons

of trespass. [Over the years ABC has been

roundly

criticised a

number

of times for

costs its

protests

have

orderl]

imposed

on

the

pOlice.

Apologies

now

in

Shipley:

I

refer

the Honourable

Member to

my

1

7623

TB

What directions

and requests did

the

answers to Questions Numbers 1 7616 and

1 7618.

1

7621

TB:

Are allied foreign intelligence agencies.

Marlborough

and

strength

or

Police receive from

in

relation

during the

the

GCSB

of policing

the Government

and

protests at

to

the

style

public

such

as the

National

Security Agency and

Defence

the

GCSB Waihopai

Station

in January

1 997 and

signals

Di rectorate ,

perm itted

to

intercept

did

you

issue

any special

directions

to

the police

communications of New

Zealanders

conoerning that operation?

 

Waihopai Station and, if

they are

at the GCSB's not specifically

 
prohibited from doing so, what controls does the Elder: No directions or requests were received
prohibited
from doing so,
what controls does the
Elder:
No directions
or requests
were received
New
Zealand
Government
imposE
on
their
from
the
Government,
the
GCSB,
or
myself
in
interception
of
New Zealanders'
communications,
relation
to the style
and strength
of policing during
will
this
information
always
be
seEn
by
New
the public protests at Waihopai in January 1 997.
Zealand intelligence staff prior to
being
transmitted
to the foreign intelligence agencies?

Shipley:

Governrnent facility,

GCSB.

Its

intelligence, which does not

cornmunications of

Waihopai is "wholly under the control oUhe

does

into its interception systems.

The Waihopai Station is

purpose

preclude

wholly

is

the

a

New Zealand

of

under the control of the

foreign

collection

involve

collecting the

New Zealanders. [The fact that

GCSB"

plugging

not

other spook

agencies

[Editor's Note:

Comments in square brackets have

been added

by

the Editors.

The

questions

and

answers are

printed

in

full apart from

using

GCSB

instead of the complete written title.

References

to

the

Crimes

1997 have

use

questions as reported.]

(Exemption of Listening

been edited

to avoid

Order

the inconsistent

Device)

of

Crime/Crimes

and Device/Devices

in

the

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5rUP/P6 6;10111 "THAT PMPu>YPP6
PP�FoRAlt SprreR WHI
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Peace Researcher - Page 6

Boost to Waihopai's

Spying Capability

Well Underway

Construction

of

the

second

antenna

at Waihopai

began oin May

and

is expected to be

complete

by

the

end

of

June.

The

new

developments

will

double

the

GCS8's

capacity

to

spy

on

communications.

Most

importantly

it will

now give

the

international phone calls

spy

base

the

capability

to

listen

in

on

two photographs below show the construction

The

being lifted onto

its base.

radome.

equipment are working with local contractors on the

the

the first

proceeding

with the new antenna

It

is

sited at

Staff from

the rear

the

(west) of

manufacturers

of

construction.

the new antenna It is sited at Staff from the rear the (west) of manufacturers of

Peace Researcher - Page 7

Kiwi MI6 Agent Gaoled for Threatened Whistleblowing

Richard John Charles Tomlinson, 34, is a New Zealander with dual British citizenship, A Cambridge graduate, he was recruited by MI6, British external intelligence, in 1 992, That was a fateful move, Posted to Moscow under diplomatic cover, his job was to trace nuclear weapons from the fomer Soviet arsenal. In an unnamed Middle Eastern country (probably Iran), his brief was to disable equipment for chemical weapons,

Bosnia was the flashpoint - whilst them, to identify war criminals, he became aware of claims by a dissident Tory MP that Serb politi:ians were making donations to the Conservative Party, Tomlinson decided to investigate - the most likely reason why MI6 decided not to employ him at the end of his three year probation, citing his tendency "to go off on his own frolics' (Usten"r, 24/1/98; "The spy who spooks MI6"; Gordon Carnpbell),

Tomlinson decided not to go quietly, His girlfriend

had just died of cancer;

pissed off at being dismissed, He wrote letters to his superiors, threatening to contact a "hostile Power" (ibid), In February 1 997, MI6 did a deal with him, They paid him money for unfair clismissal, in return for him handing over any secrets in his posseSSion and a promise not to publish, But, in April 1 997, he reneged, flying to Sydney and offering a book synopsis to a publisher. Both MI6 and the police Special Branch came after him - the publisher handed over the synopsis, which has never been made public,

he was depl'essed, and

After his return to Britain, his house was burgled and his computer stolen. In Octobe( 1 997, his house and that of his parents were simultaneously raided, with the seizure of more files and computers. He was arrested, charged under the Official Secrets Act with disclosing information gathered during his MI6 employment, and remanded in custody. His treatment was vindictive - he was held in a high security prison; authorities applied, unsuccessfully, to have him handcuffed during court appearances.

Tomlinson was charged under the sweeping Official Secrets Act passed by th" Thatcher government in 1 989. He described it as so sweeping that "I would have been gu ilty even if I had disclosed the colour of the camets in the office" (ibid) Tomlinson pleaded guil ' !y, to get a lighter sentence,and was duly gao ed for 12 months. He became the first British agent gaoled for secrecy violations since George Blake, 36 years earlier.

Tomlinson may have the last laugh. With good behaviour, he could be out in a few months, and it remains to be seen whether he does exact revenge on his former employers by spilling the beans. The most striking thing is that although he was charged with offences dating from John Major's Conservative government, it was Tony Blair's "New" Labour government that authorised his prosecution. The same Labour that, in Opposition, had been very vocal against the 1 989 legislation. The more things change, the more they stay the same.

David Shayler, a former MI5 (internal intelligence) agent has made similar disclosures (see PR 14. Ed.) and had to flee Britain to avoid prosecution. In a series of revelations in the Mail on Sunday, he said that MI5 still holds files on Home Secretary, Jack Straw and Minister Without Portfolio, Peter Mandelson (among others). The Labour government got a court injunction to stop the paper publishing any more of Shayler's revelations. Media reaction was low key " only the Observer editorialised: "The time has come to abolish MI5

the

and transfer its few legitimate functions to MI6

tracking of spies is the job of the police at home and MI6 abroad" (quoted in Statewatch, January­ February 1 998). MI5 definitely seems to be on light duties" in January 1 998 it was revealed that its counter subversion F Branch has only "half a desk officer who concerns himself with the pensions of former officers" (Times, 1 2/1 /98). Only the fascist Column 88 is now defined as subversive. Not only was it heavily infiltrated by MI5 spooks, it no longer exists. So what subversives are MI5 countering?

To cover its historical tracks, MI5 is destroying old files on "subversives". This should be stopped, because those files contain a multitude of crimes by British Intelligence. Old files placed in the Public Records Office in 1 997, for example, reveal that an MI5 undercover agent was secretary to the leader of the British Communist Party in the 1 930s. And that a militant suffragette gaoled for ten years in 1917 for plotting to assassinate the Prime Minister, Lloyd George, was set up by MI5. Civil liberties organisations in Britain have called for these old MI5 files to be handed over to their subjects, to enable them to sue.

British Intelligence is far from from dead. In January 1 998, Republican News revealed that the IRA had intercepted British Army files disclosing intelligence operations throughout Ireland, not just in Northern Ireland. This data included

Continued on next pageCir

Peace Researcher

Page 8

SIS Comes out of the Closet - Not!

April 1 998 marked a new development in the woeful history of the NZ Security (?) Intelligence (??) Service (???). It published a glossy 29 page booklet entitled "Security in New Zealand Today". with intoductions from PM Jenny Shipley (the Minister In Charge of the SIS) and its Director, Don Mclver I won't go into the details, because I want all PR readers to get their own free copy from the SIS (see ad resses at the end of article)

free copy from the SIS (see ad resses at the end of article) There was a

There was a great deal of media puffery, with very little light shed on the subject. One of the few astute journalists was the Evening Post's Hanks Schouten. When he interviewed Mclver he floored him by asking what had the SIS done about the illegal introduction of rabbit calicivirus into the country in 1 997. Mclver replied 'Nobody has ever asked me that question before. It was not an issue that fell within our definition of security" (8/4/98; "Lifting the SIS veil"). But as Schouten pointed out:

"farming is vital to the New Zealand economy, so presumably the well signalled illegal introduction of the rabbit killing RCD virus by some South Island farmers was a blatant piece of subversion warranting SIS interest?" (ibid). Good point, but don't expect to see SIS agents spying on farmers just yet

"Secret Power" author, Nicky Hager, the man who spies on the spies, said that the booklet is no substitute for real change in the SIS. "In a decade of increasingly secretive government and intolerance of protest, the booklet fails to give reassurance that the growing powers of the SIS won't be m isused by the present or a future government. It makes no mention of the SIS's disreputable past, where numerous New Zealanders' lives were intruded upon for taking part in worthy political causes; causes many of which are part of mainstream opinion today. If the Service genuinely wants to reassure the public that it has changed, then it should allow changes to the parts of the SIS Act which have been misused in the past

0!r from previous page data and maps and aerial photos pinpointing the homes of Sinn
0!r from previous page data and maps and aerial
photos pinpointing the homes of Sinn Fein
councillors and peace talk negotiators. On past
evidence, such material could "fall off a truck" into
the possession of Loyalist death squads. This was
being done during a "ceasefire". It's high time that
Britain ended its war against the Irish and withdrew
its military and its spies from its oldest colony.
Indeed it's high time that Britain's eleborate spy
apparatus was pensioned off.

"Instead the powers of the SIS were broadened In 1 996 while retaining the Cold War role of spying on . subversives', a term that has been used to justify

targeting unionists, Springbok Tour

other

opponents of government policies. If the agency has genuinely changed, the public deserves to see changes in the law". He said that it is worthwhile that the SIS has dropped some of the pointless secrecy of the past "After decades of obsessive secrecy, such as hiding information about staff numbers and structures, they have realised that the agency's long-term survival is better served by being a bit more open." He hopes the publication of the booklet will prompt more public debate about

peace activists, students and

protesters,

.

vanous

the SIS and lead to long-overdue changes to the SIS Act (press release; 8 April, 1 998; "New NZSIS Booklet Should Not Reassure Public').

GAD Watchdog's Aziz Choudry, the victim of the bungled 1 996 SIS break in at his Christchurch home (see previous PRs) issued a stinging statement "At a time of cutbacks to health, education, welfare and other sectors, and with the end of the Cold War, the SIS are clearly struggling to Justify their existence and their budgetary demands to both the government and the New Zealand public. It must be very stressful in the nervous nineties, now that the supposed "commie threat" has receded as fast as the hairlines of some SIS operatives to conjure up new wacko conspiracy theories 'In order to justify snooping on people like me engaged in social justice and development education work, and to explain expenses such as pork pies and Penthouse magazines.

"In reality the public purse is paying for the SIS to potentially surveil or monitor anyone critical of government policy. This could include unions academics who are critics of the free market, Maon working for tino rangatiratanga, and other organisations and individuals that the SIS can argue pose a threat to New Zealand's international or economic wellbeing or are somehow 'subversive'.The existence of the SIS is one symptom of an un healthy climate of intolerance of dissent which has grown in New Zealand ."

:

"The SIS will no doubt be jockeying to play a big role around the 1 999 APEC meetings, slated to be the biggest security operation in New Zealand history. The public should remember it was the SIS, with police complicity, who furtively broke into a GAD Watchdog member's house and played

Peace Researcher - Page 9

cloak and dagger games with a getaway vehicle registered to a fictitious company in Wellington, not

so called

person has far more to fear from the SIS than from so-called radicals and subversives - which often seem to be catch-all labels for anyone with the courage of their convictions to take a stand against the status quo As long as the SIS exists, anyone who clings to the notion that New Zealand is a democratic society in which all are free to express their views and opinions should think again" (press

release, 8 April 1998; "SIS Booklet A Week Late For April Fool's Day - Break In Victim").

'activists'

or 'protesters'

.The

thinking

Hank Schouten did ask Don Mclver about this notorious break in. The Director replied: "It's not something I can talk about because as you're probably aware, it is subject to court proceedings. The only thing I can say about that is again it's an illustation of the fact that the service operates within the law - if they want to take us to court, they can take us to court" (Evening Post, 8 April, 1998)

Aziz Choudry has filed a civil claim in Christchurch, seeking $150,000 damages from the SIS. Things are happening in that case but I'm afraid that PR can't tell you about them because it's all sub judice. But don't worry, you'll be the first to know.

. Murray Horton

To order your free copy of the SIS booklet, write to them at Box 900, Wellington (ph 04 - 4726170) , or Box 5578, Wellesley Street, Auckland (ph 09 - 3032675) or Box 2654, Christchurch (ph 03 - 3662742). Why not collect it in person? National HQ is on the 7th and 8th floors of Defence House, Stout Street, Wellington (the building featured in all exterior shots in the TV series "Market Forces'). Cantabrians can pop up to see them on the 4th floor of 70 Gloucester Street, Christchurch. Ask for a cup of tea and a couple of bikkies - you're paying their wages.

tea and a couple of bikkies - you're paying their wages. Philippines Is Uncle Sam Coming

Philippines Is Uncle Sam Coming in Through the Back Door?

Cleaning Up The Mess

Peace Researcher has documented the toxic legacy of nearly a century of US military bases in the Philippines (the only Asian country to have been an American colony). The bases were closed and the US military left, as a consequence of the historic 1991 Philippines Senate vote not to renew the bases treaty. But the consequences won't go away, and are still hurting people years after the closure.

In late 1997, the Clark Development Corporation, which is now running the gigantic former Clark Air Force Base in central Luzon, released an environmental study by ASia Star Weston Inc. It acknowledged that 12 sites within Clark have toxic contamination, mainly pesticides and inorganic residues of fuels.

Carroll said that the debris and waste from ship repairs during the Vietnam War were "simply flushed into the air, water and soil of Subic" (ibid).

solvents, paints and other toxic substances, "

including

PCBs

(Today, 5 October, 1997) .

Supposedly there have been regular talks between the US and the Philippines to solve the toxic waste problem. But the People's Task Force on Bases Cleanup pOinted out that, by January 1998, there had only been three such official meetings since 1994. Spokesperson Myrla Baldonaldo said: "The Philippine government only brings up the issue only when people have become restive about it" (Philippine Daily Inquirer, January 4, 1998).

Both former major bases have toxic contamination problems. Retired US Admiral Eugene Carroll Jr, deputy director of the US Center for Defense Information, stated that during his Navy service he had personally witnessed the contamination of Subic Bay Naval Base by "immense quantities of waste materials including metallic compounds,

The US Ambassador duly handed over some information to the Philippines government. But Arc Ecology, a Californian environmental group specialising in toxic contamination, questioned the scope of the Asia Star Weston report. And the Canadian based Institute of Concern for Public Health criticised official assurances that the toxic wastes pose no health risk. The Institute's president, Rosalie Bertell, pOinted out that its own study of 13 communities within and outside Clark yielded "startlingly high" levels of kidney diseases and general kidney problems (PDI, 13 October,

1997).

Peace Researcher - Page 10

In December 1 997, drums of unidentified contents from Clark turned up in a nearby village, with resultant health problems for locals. ,� 1 994 US NGO study of the former Camp John Hay, an R &

R

facility in Baguio City, had turned up seven areas

of

possible toxic contamination.

Despite the soothingly reassuring official environmental studies (consultants Woodward Clyde have done one at Subic), the issue of dangerous toxic wastes at the former US bases is

a legacy that is not going to go away anytime soon.

New

Forces Agreement

US/Philippines

Visiting

US bases would be reactivated . For instance, the Crow Valley Range, within the former Clark Air Force Base. The US Air Force previously used it as

a bombing practice area, and other air forces,

including New Zealand's, used it for the multi­ national Cope Thunder exercises. Clark was closed by the 1 991 Mt Pinatubo eruption and Crow Valley turned over to the Philippines Air Force. That will be reopened.

But there was uproar from the mass movement that had succeeded in throwing the US bases out in 1 991/92. "We are outraged by the Ramos government's move of selling off our people's sovereignty by Signing the Status of Forces Agreement and consequently making our women and children vulnerable to abuse and exploitation" said liza Maza, secretary general of GABRIELA, the Philippines National womens organisation.

"There is no denying that the presence of foreign military intervention almost always result to grave abuse and exploitation of women and children as showcased by Angeles and Olongapo" (the "R & R cities that serviced Clark and Subic. Ed. ). "With 22 more ports being opened for US military access and in the face of grave economic criSiS, the number of prostituted women may very well reach

Since 1 992 the US and the PhilippineE' have been negotiating a new Acquisition and Cross Servicing Agreement (ACSA), which could allow US naval access to 22 Filipino ports. ACSA coulj also allow the US to establish bases, with no Senate agreement required, because they would be sanctioned by executive agreements. In December 1 996, the US halted all joint exercises and ship visits because the Philippines had scrapped the legal immu nity of US military personnel in the

Philipp·l a million before the next millennium" Maza added.

Throughout 1 997, the two governments negotiated

a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFP, - the very

thing that has caused such bitterness in Japan, especially Okinawa, and South Korea) This could be considerably more far reaching than its previous equivalents, which only applied within Subic and Clark. The US applied pressure to grant diplomatic imm unity to US servicemen taking part in joint military exercises in the Philippines Professor Roland Simbulan, of the Nuclear Free Philippines

Coalition, said: "Status of Forces Agreements are normally granted only to countries hosting US

facilities

unprecedented, and an abuse of tne right of legation, to extend the diplomatic immunities and privileges that we grant to diplomatE' to visiting foreign military personnel" (APe; Focus, NovemberlDecember 1 997). Negotiat,ons stalled over issues such as whether the Philippines' Department of Justice or a joint US/Philippines panel would determine whether a US soldier

be

and

military

bases

lt

would

should be tried in local courts or under US jurisdiction.

In February 1 998, the two government�; signed the Agreement. now called the Visiting Forces Agreement. Philippines Foreign Secretary, Domingo Siazon, was at pains to stress that it is not an imm unity agreement, nor a bases one. However, Siazon also made clear that some former

The group also stressed that the Immunity Clause on the VFA virtually gives US military personnel "diplomatic license to violate our women and children". "Whether the US or the Philippines will prosecute the offending US personnel is no longer

an issue. The fact is, our women and children will be prostituted and abused" they added. From 1 981

to 1 988, fifteen cases of sexual abuse of children

between ages 11 to 16 were filed. All these were against US servicemen and all were dismissed.

"This so called 'new phase' of Philippine-US relations only promotes safeguard to continued US imperialist interests in the country.The group said that they will continue efforts to struggle against

"this invigorated foreign intervention just like we did

in 1 991" ("GABRIELA Says No To VFA", 1 3/2/98).

This battle is far from over. The VFA requires Senate ratification, and this has been held over for the new Senate, after the May 1 998 election It's not only the question of immunity from Filipino jurisdiction which has caused outrage - the 1 987 Constitution declares the country nuclear weapons free. The return of the US military, albeit only "visiting", jeopardises this. Anything to do with US military ties is political dynamite in the Philippines, and the VFA has attracted opposition in the Establishment as well. Its passage cannot be guaranteed.

Peace Researcher - Page 11

New US Base in Mindanao?

The fears of a new US base being established in the Philippines took concrete form in '997, with a major USAID funded project building an international airport, port and roads in General Santos City, southern Mindanao. This caused suspicion and alarm in the region. Dan Vizmanos, retired Philippines Navy captain and Ba/an national president, said that the configuration of the airport, port and roads was that of "a strategic military base" (PDI, 23 October, 1 997). Bishop Dinualdo Gutierrez, Bishop of General Santos City, urged his flock to fight any move to locate a US Navy base there. He pointed out that the port opens out onto the strategic Saranganl Bay (on the CE,lebes Sea), which is sheltered from the typhoons that batter the Philippines. Maybe just as importantly. it's a long way from Metro Manila and the politica' hotbeds of Luzon. South Cotabato Governor, Hilano de Pedro

agreement 1:0 build the

airport allows for its use by "friendly countries" in

time of war (POI, 16 October 1 9 97).

countries" in time of war (POI, 16 October 1 9 97). I l l , said

Ill, said that the bilateral

The US Embassy emphatically denied that it was building a base, saying the project is for infrastructure development in Mindana.o, following on from other USAID projects in Mind·3nao dating back to 1 987.The Embassy went furthe,', denying

any executive agreements and: "We wish to make it absolutely clear that the United States government is not discussing an acquisition and cross-servicing agreement with the government of

the Philippines" (POI, 23 October,

1 997)

of the Philippines" (POI, 23 October, 1 997) The US project has already won it influential

The US project has already won it influential local friends. Sarangani Governor, Priscilla Chiongbian, said she favoured giving landing rights to the US military because "they are friendly forces and they gave us that airport". (POI, 2 November 1 997). But the Pentagon still has to win a lot of hearts and minds - the General Santos City Council pointed out that it had passed three resolutions, in 1 990 and 1991, urging the President and Senate to remove all US bases from the Philippines (which the Senate duly did, against the fervent oppOSition of President Cory Aquino, in 1 991), The Filipino people, whether in Luzon or Mindanao, have made it clear that Uncle Sam will only get back in over their dead bodies,

- Murray Horton

Reprinted from Kapatiran 1 3, May 1 998, the newsletter of the Philippines Solidarity Network of Aotearoa, Box 2450, Christchurch, NZ.

Okinawa: The Struggle Continues

Peace Researcher has covered, for sElVeral years now, the heroic struggle of the Okinawcln people to be rid of the multiplicity of US bases forced upon them by both the US and Japan. The bl"utal rape of a 12 year old schoolgirl by three Gls, in 1 995, brought m atters to a head and provoked huge mass protests which captured the worlc's attention. A new US/Japan agreement on Okillawa made some minor concessions but basically u pheld the status quo, The onus was put on the Japanese government to ram it down Okinawa's throat, preferably by armtwisting anti-bases Okinawan politicians into doing their dirty work.

The latest example of this came in December 1 997. As part of the (April 1 997) agreement, the US will close the Futenma Marine Corps Air Station. But, by way of replacement, Japan has agreed to build it a new offshore helipon, adjacent

to the city of Nago, The population voted overwhelmingly against it, in a non-binding referendum, But the Government twisted the arm of Mayor Tetsuya Higa, dangling the carrot of economic support for Okinawa, Japan's poorest prefecture. The Mayor caved in, and outraged locals held a sit in at his office, One said: "We don't want any more United States bases - of any kind - on Okinawa, It is saturated with United States bases and we haven't been able to develop our agriculture or anything because so much of Okinawa is taken up by the United States military" ( NZ Herald, 27 December, 1 997 "Anger as mayor gives way over US base"). Part of the Japanese pressure was to placate the depressed construction industry, clamouring for a slice of the $US1 billion project, Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto has been severely criticised for trampling on Okinawans' democratic rights, They

Peace Researcher - Page 12

are not taking it lying down. Further mass protest action was held in May 1998, centering on Kadena Air Force Base, and featuring an international conference

Perhaps the most eloquent account of life on Okinawa appeared in the July/August 1997 issue of APe Focus, a US church-based publication. Mariko Matsuda described childhood horrors such as an 11 year old girl killed by a trailer dropped from a helicopter, and a B52 bomber crashing at Kadena.

Since Okinawa is very hot in summer, air conditioners have been instal/ed in every classroom. This expense is covered by the 'Compassion Budget'. that portion of Japan's

defence budget that goes to support the US military

citizens feel very

angry about the Japanese government's , Compassion Budget' which funds the construction of facilities inside the US bases in Japan, pays the

salary of Japanese base employees, and pays all of the base electricity, gas, and water bills. This 'Compassion Budget' covers 70% of the total cost of maintain',ng the US military presence in Japan.

presence in Japan

Okinawa

Today she and her family live only 100 metres from the Futenma base fence. "From early morning until

"We cannot leave our island and move some place

late at night, we can hear the sound of helicopters

else Just because we know the bases are

overhead

it drowns out our TV and we cannot talk

dangerous, Our hope is that the bases will be

on the

telephone

My

daughter's

elementary

reduced and ultimately removed from Okinawa.

school is located 300 metres from Futenma Base. Whenever the helicopters fly over the school, the noise is so great that the classes come to a halt

We wish to live in harmony with the other peoples of Asia, free of military bases, Our hope is that Okinawa may become an island where true peace

since teachers and students are unable to hear each other. The school has been soundproofed so that now the windows in the classrooms cannot open.

will be achieved" That perfectly reasonable wish is one that deserves the fullest support from the peoples of the Asia/Pacific region.

the p e o p l e s o f the Asia/Pacific region. - Murray Horton

- Murray Horton

SPOOKY BITS

Korean

Electoral Politics

Seven top-ranking officials of South Korea's Agency for National Security Planning (formerly known as the Korean Central Intelligence Agency) have been sacked for running operations to prevent current President Kim Dae-Jung from coming to power. Two other spooks have been arrested. The former head of the ANSP and his deputies allegedly ran a task force to smear Kim Dae-Jung with stories that he was a leftist favoured by North Korea. Large sums of money were offered to defectors and people living in the Un ited States to spread this story. Since Kim became President in December ten per cent of the spy agency's 7,000 employees have been sacked.

manipulate

Spooks

Burma's Spies Get Priority

The Asia Defence Journal reported last September that the Burmese Government has opened a high­ tech warfare and spying centre built and supplied by a Singaporean company. The new Cyber

Warfare Centre in Rangoon has been established to tap domestic phones, fax and E-mail lines throughout the country, Despite severe economic problems and plummeting foreign reserves, the military government in Burma spends more than half its yearly budget on defence and security,

History Revisited?

The German Government has passed a controversial law which grants police surveillance powers that had been banned since the end of the Nazi era. The Constitution has been changed to allow the police to plant m icrophones and use other devces to listen in on conversations. The draft law excluded priests, members of parliament and defence lawyers from surveillance but amendments enforced by opposition parties added journalists, lawyers, physicians and accountants to the list of occupations exempt from bugging, except in "exceptional circumstances". Whether the exclusions will have any practical result remains to be seen.

Peace Researcher - Page 13

Stasi History Pieced Together

Workers in Germany continue to document the dangers of secret intelligence organisations as papers from thousands of sacks of shredded files from the former East German secret police are pasted together. "I came across very intimate things, transcripts of telephone conversations, love letters," said one of the workers. "It's frightening, unbelievable. They knew everything about everybody." [Bangkok Na tion, 18 October 1 997]

One letter was from a person denouncing their neighbour for failing to hang out the national flag on

a national holiday. Others showed a husband and

wife spied on each other for years without ever suspecting their partner was doing thi�,. A bishop and university professors were a(lents. The documentation so far revealed is only a tiny portion

of the former agency's files.

Palestinian Security Abuses Reported

A report from the Palestinian I ndependent

Commission for Human Rights claims that detainees continue to suffer torture and other human rights abuses at the hands of the Palestinian Authority's security service. "Torture

and abuse are frequently practised by the security

services" . [ Ba ngkok Post, 21 February 1 998] Last

year six Palestinians died in custody. Because of

the

absence of Government supervision the role of

the

security apparatus has become more important

than the government itself according to the commission, which was itself appointed by the Palestinian Authority. The commission calls for a

ban on torture and "effective control on the security

apparatus". A universal theme!

***********************************************************

Mil ita ry Mad ness - Hackers Make a Big H it But Little Change for the New Mille nium!

As the right wing of Congress seeks to wipe out the 1 972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and move ahead with development of a defence system to guard against incoming missiles, an interna'iional group of computer hackers is claiming to have accessed software at the heart of US space warfare. "Masters of Downloading" [MOD] say they have stolen programmes from the American Defence I nformation Systems Network. P, Defence Department spokesperson has confirmed they are "aware of an intrusion" but has dowl1played the importance of the hack. However, an expert on computer systems who has spoken with MOD is "very very confident " that their claims are real. [Sydney Morning Hera ld, 23 April 1 998]

The hackers say that last October they stole software that controls the Global Positioning System - a central element of US space warfare - and programmes involved with pinpointing missile strikes, guiding troops, and assessing ground conditions. As the Pentagon moves closer to the acquisition of a space warfare armoury and increasing dependence on computer-based digital warfare, any possibility of security breaches in the system is likely to send the generals themselves ballistic. "Advanced" forms of modern warfare have spy satellites and sophisticated global positioning systems as essential elements. Current U.S. development of space war weapons is totally dependent on computer programming, and

absolute assurances that there can be no penetration of the system by outsiders. In October 1 997 the US began testing laser weapons that originated from Reagan's Star Wars fantaSies and which threaten to renew an arms race based on the means to attack and defend crucial military satellite systems in space. In one test a laser fired from a military base in New Mexico struck a small obsolete US Air Force satellite 400 kilometres above the surface of the earth. But other tests produced significant failures and some sectors of the military are not happy about draining funds from conventional areas to finance an enormously costly and unproven new defence system. Costs of such a system have been put around $250 billion.

Development of lasers to knock out the satellites of an enemy and destroy incoming missiles has

progress for many years but until three

years ago the military were prohibited from test­ firing by Congress. Republicans have now adopted policy that calls for deployment of multiple-site missile defences by 2003. Critics say (amongst other things) that the US has most to lose from development of these weapons because it is the most dependent on military technology in space. Perhaps the Pentagon has zapped itself in the foot, but everyone will suffer from beginning the new millenium with the birth of another costly apocalypse threatening arms race. Hackers may be our only hope!

been

in

Peace Researcher - Page 14

'New'

US Strategy Revealed

In November

But

last year Cli nton put his

Decision

Directive

that makes

now

with plans

the

it

60

-

to

US

to Cold

of the

be

be

to extinction. Although

reports so far

broaden

state

the face

signature

a new

also

states

-

any

Presidential

strategic plan

War Intentions to

earth.

preoccupied

they nuclear powers or not -

the new directive

suggest that

their list

which

might

few changes

will

blast Russia 0ff

Pent,,, on

to blast other

is highly classified.

military

orders

planners to

to

include

of potential targets

use chemical

or biological weapons.

This

directly

contradicts

a

1 995

UN

UN Secunty

Secunty

Council

pledge where

Washington

promised

nDt to

use.

or threaten

to

use,

nuclear

weapons

against

countries

development

that

have

renounced

Bill

Arkin,

defence

analyst

and

their

use

or

Pentagon

critic,

writes

that

preparing

scenarios

for

a

nuclear

response

to

non-nuclear

weapons

wrongly

assumes that deterrence

plans

nuclear

in

is

and

the

only credible

wrongly

if precise

that

to

are

place,

are

assumes

deterrent

weapons

ultimate

the

"rogue"

March/April

nations. [Bulletin Df

1 998J

He

says

Atomic Scientists,

from

stems

PDD60

Pentagon

fears

that

START

III

disarmament

III disarmament

initiatives

might drop

the

US

nuclear

Inventory

down to around 2,500 warheads.

The

maintaining a nuclear arsenal based on

directive

restates

the

commitment

to

land-based

and

submarine-launched

missiles as

well

as

air

force bombs.

It

continues

to reserve

the

option

of

first use of

nuclear weapons. While the

new policy

does

allDw for further reductions

in the

US nuclear

weapons stockpile it will

probably

mean dispensing

with

antiquated

weapons

and

developing

more

sophisticated

specifically-targetted

warheads

and

bombs.

The

annual

cost

of

retaining

the

US

nuclear

strike

capacity

is

about

fifty

billion

US

countries dollars per year.

Washington's

longer

concentrate

going development of weaponry in that country and

in

with

military

planners

will

on Russia.

no

so myopically

but the on­

China

means the

Pentagon

continue but will
continue
but
will

will

the number

few years

surely

strike scenarios against both these countries.

Russia plans

ground

continue to develop its

forces

to heavily

over

the

reduce

next

of its

will

nuclear weapons capability

Pakistan

Pentagon's

antediluvian

China's

nuclear weapons will become more of a threat, and

its

rapidly developing technology means

in

India

strengthen

the

and

developments

further

struggle to maintain its nuclear strike power

- Warren

Th omson

Quest for Peace: Confession, Lies & Heroes

Greg Jones reviews

a new book

by Will

Foote

Here

is

a

booklet

which

crams

a

life-time

of

involvement

with

the

'peace

movement'

in

Aotearoa/New Zeland

into

sixty-three

pages,

so

expect

statistics and

don't

with

do that

a very

heard

as a thumbnail sketch it succeeds with

a

complete

picture

together

deep analyses - other books

the preface,

those

I've

"this is

met

or

me about ninety

energised

in

still

As

personal

about," and

room to spare

the author says in

history

a very short time

spent much

"Top

Df

of

of

(for

A

In

minutes)

one can be entertained and

who

Strathmore and

the

and

"what

(page

summary

Foote

pacifist

at

in

self-confessed agnostic

the

question

active

by a

WWII

detention

tackles

of

this

very

camps

today

Paiaka

and is

the South".

Will

humanist,

is

the

55)

and

of the

power-house

rounds

peace

off

movement?"

readable

salute

to

his

movement with a

three peace activists.

The author's sense of humour

people

page; and

and

obvious

on

nearly

love of

every

bubbles

to

the

surface

he throws in

some pertinent comments,

as

on

page

34:

"We're

all

fallible,

we're

all

 

.

backsliders, we all get tied up in the minutiae of Ilf

We

time

we all get tied up in the minutiae of Ilf � We time It s all

It s

all

need to

know

we're

nDt alone.

to

Maybe

the

fDr another

PP&P," (referring

Peace,

Power

and

Politics

Conference

at

Wellington

in

1 993).

There

three

pages than a lot of full-length books - which is good

like myself who steer clear of large

makes

excellent

tomes

this

news for people

is

more

information

in

these

sixty

like

booklet

the plague.

very

The style of

and

writing

an

accessible

introduction

together with an overview of the insanity of war.

into the local peace

movement

scene,

Co pies

of the book are

available

fro m

the

author,

WJ. Foote,

17 Enner

Glynn

Rd,

Nelson,

for

$10

plus postage.

Peace

Researcher - Page

15

4 p�
4
p�

Former Officer Reveals; CIA Communications Intercepts

Douglas

some of the

details

governments' secret

fired

Science and

of

operations

of

Groat

has

been

arrested

for disclosing

CIA's most

American

closely

guarded secrets -

other

Groat was

of

of

interception

communications.

the

Now

CIA's

keep

last

CIA

two years ago

demanding

from

Technology.

to

Directorate

he stands

his

year

accused

money

knowledge of

two

had cracked their

quiet,

how

then

the

telling

governments

cryptographic systems.

The Agency's code-breaking capabilities are one of

popular

its

most

jealously

guarded

secrets.

The

myth

that most

governments' communications are

nowadays

unbreakable

is

widespread

 

but

the

spooks

spend

an

enormous

amount

of

money

breaking into

buildings

to plant

bugs

and listening

to

phone

calls

with

technically

advanced

interception

systems.

Groat's

activit;'3S

are

the

strongest recent

confirmation

that

the scrambled

messages

thus

collected

are

accessed

by

CIA

code-breakers. No government or organisation can

not successfully spying

on

be sure that Washington is

its communications.

U.S. Attorney Wilma

says,

unauthorised disclosure of [Groat's] activities could

alleged

one of the prosecutors,

lewis,

of

without

a

touch

irony.

".The

have a significant impact on

the

1 998]

governments

spied on is immaterial.

the nationcll security of

6 April,

the

being

United

States." [Christchurch Press,

the

national

security

communications

are

Apparently

whose

of

Groat's

information

U.S.

motives, the

the coded

an exceptionally that should focus

power

political

information covertly obtained by its spooks.

motives

are

not

clear because

matter

the CIA

only

come from the

these

listening to

the

at present public has

But

no

that

Government.

what

is

disclosure

communications of other governments is

important

attention

piece

of whistle-blowing

on

the

ever-increasing

to control and

subvert global

through

activities

of Washington

and

economic

CIA and the Drug Trade

Since

1 996

when

journalist

Gary

We,bb

wrote

a

series

of

newspaper

articles

detailin�l

the

CIA's

close relationship with the criminals distributing

F i

l

close relationship with the criminals distributing F i l crack cocaine proceeding into the and drug

crack cocaine

proceeding into the

and drug

CIA

in the

traffickers

Justice

and

US, investigations

Agency's

use

of

have been

drug money

to further

its own

objectives.

Department

reports

say

accusations

that

Contra-connected

drug

dealers

were

protected

are

groundless,

but

the

reports

admit

that some of

Webb's accusations were

true

and

even

under-stated.

[Meanwhile

Webb

has

been

forced

out

by

establishment

pressure following

of journalism his articles ]

The

reports

do

acknowledge

that

cocaine

traffickers played a significant early role

in the

CIA­

backed Nicaraguan Contra movement and that the

federal inquiry

Former

M. Deutch says the CIA report is

Agency intervened

the links,

into

CIA Director John

to block

yet exonerate the

a

1 984

Agency.

"convincing"

(in absolving langley from

blame)

but

former

operatives

say

the

investigation

was

a

bunch

(Some of these,

figures from

Contra era were never questioned.

drugs links.)

motions.

of nonsense

Major

and simply

went through the

CIA­

the Nigaraguan

however,

deny any

The

CIA's report

admitted

that

the Agency knew

that a

U.S.

religious group

was

collaborating in a

guns-for-drugs operation

but turned

a

blind

eye,

saying

they

had

no

responsibility

because

American

citizens

were

involved.

The

Moonies

were active

in supporting

the Contras in

the early

1 980s,.

According

to

Bob

Woodward

["Veil"]

several

staff

writers

at

the

Moonie

paper

Washington Times

Security Council.

collaborated with the anti-Sandinista opposition.

had

been

National

Right groups also

on

the

Other Religious

Since

US Department

But in a

DEA team

chief

year history in the

and

investigations

working

covert support of political associates who are drug­

30

enforcement administration

my

be

The

long-running

of Defense and

counternarctics operations

has become the coordinator of

1 991 the CIA

by the

law enforcement agencies.

former

as saying "

paper written

Dennis

related

for

by William

Dayle

Blum,

is quoted

drug

the

in

a

of

agencies,

almost

the

CIA."

major

targets

invariably

turned out to

agency's

runners continues.

Quillen Davilla

was indicted for smuggling up to 22 tons of cocaine

Venezuelan

into

Two years ago Venezuelan General

the U.S.

Davila

was head

of the

National Guard for four years. Once the CIA's

most

trusted

man

in

that country,

he worked closely

with

Peace

Researcher - Page

16

the CIA and DEA On at least one occasion a large quantity of cocaine was stored 'In a CIA truck at a CIA-funded counternarcotics centre. Several large shipments went to the US. Accord ing to Ti me Magazine [November 29. 1 993J a DEA investigation showed the CIA helped Venezuelan officers run a profitable coke operation. The reason given was to try and gather information on Colombia's drug barons. Lang ley adm itted it was guilty of bad judgement Two officers involved left the Agency.

writes that

Vladimiro Montesinos, the mastermind behind Alberto Fujimori's seizure of power in Peru, is the country's de facto drug czar. Peru's key anti-drug agency, trained and equipped by the CIA, has been used not for countering the narcotics trade but for

repression and the entrenchment of FUJimori's power. In 1 997 the US Congress reversed restrictions on aid to Colombia's armed forces and

voted $50 million for counterinsurgency and to stop

[December

27, 1 997J notes that leaders of army-backed paramilitary groups have been implicated in the drug trade and these groups have been responsible for civilian massacres, disappearances and torture. It is highly likely that the CIA, or whoever controls the use of Washington's money, will again be closely allied with thugs and drug pedlars while claiming to "save" Colombia from the commies, and Californina kids from cocaine.

drug trafficking. The Washington Post

Cover t Action Quar terly [Summer 1 994J

In Mexico the U .S. is providing the military with extensive covert intelligence support and training hundreds of its officers to set up anti-drug operations. Officials say the assistance includes training, equipment and advice from the CIA [New York Times, 29 December, 1 997J The same NYT article refers to recent news reports on the jailing of army generals on charges of protecting drug traffickers, allegations linking military officers to torture and disappearance of criminal suspects, and abuses of procedure. It also reminds readers of the "disastrous CIA program in the late 1 980s to deploy a Mexican army strike force against the traffickers". Expect more of the same!

Campaign Against Phillip Agee Continues

In October last year officials alleged that Philip Agee went undercover as a spy for Cuba in 1 989 and tried to get secret information out of a female staff member in the CIA's Mexican station. They claim Agee posed as a member of langley's inspector-general department, but an agent the staff member took with her to a meeting with Agee recognised him. Two officers, "considered among the best case officers in the Mexican City Station" [ lII J were later disciplined for failing to notify

[ l I I J were later disciplined for failing to notify Photo right column: Phillip

Photo right column: Phillip Agee

superiors sufficiently quickly about the incident for Agee to be apprehended. [LA Times, 14 October 1 997J Such a thin story reinforces claims of CIA harrassment against Agee, a former CIA officer, who wrote the seminal "Inside the Company: A CIA Diary" and has been a vigorous critic of the CIA

Bay of Pigs - CIA Debacle

After 37 years the truth about the CIA's attempt to oust Castro by an invasion of Cuba has finally emerged. In 1 961 the agency trained and equipped 1400 Cuban exiles and landed them on the Bay of Pigs expecting them to incite a popular uprising against Castro. Now the internal investigation made shortly after the fiasco has finally been made public. It says that the CIA's ignorance, incompetence and arrogance towards the Cuban exiles brought on the disaster. A report in the New Zealand Herald [24 February 1 998] says the document criticised almost every aspect of the CIA's handling of the invasion: misinforming Kennedy administration officials, planning poorly, using faulty intelligence, and conducting an overt military operation beyond agency responsibility and agency capability. "The choice was between retreat without honour and gamble between ignominious defeat and dubious victory. The Agency chose to gamble, at rapidly decreasing odds."

CIA Versus Iran in Central Asia

Time Magazine [30 March, 1 998J reports "Recent incidents in the former Soviet Republics of Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan and their less endowed neighbour Tajikistan demonstrate a clear pattern of Iranian intelligence activity directed against U. S. installations and interests." Iran is attempting to counter the growing influence of Washington in the region and Iranian agents are "challenging their U.S.counterparts in a murky game of cloak and dagger " U .S. officials claim the Iranians are collecting information that could be useful in terrorist strikes, and providing training in arms for some groups in the region. Presumably Washington's covert activities in a region so far away are much more innocent and more justified than Iran's interest in its neighbours.

activities in a region so far away are much more innocent and more justified than Iran's
activities in a region so far away are much more innocent and more justified than Iran's

Obitua ry: Jacq ui Barri ngton

Stephanie Mills

Jacqui Barrington died, of canc er, in Dec ember 1997, at the tragically young age of 52, We are indebted to her G reenpeace colleague, Stephanie

Mills, for allowing us to print her funeral eulogy as

a tribute to J ac qui Ed

Jacqueline Barrington was an explorer and adventurer, a charmer and a flier - an air hostess who came down to earth, here in Aotearoa, because she loved it so much, We are all the better for her time here,

Jacqui was one of a bunch of wonderfully feisty, formidable women- Elaine Shaw, Carol Stewart, Faith Doherty, Sebia Hawkins and Bunny McDiarmid - in Greenpeace's nuclear campaign in the late 1 980s and early 1 990s, When I got stuck last week trying to identify why such an eclectic bunch of women got on, Jacqui assured me it was because we were all hedonists, But I think it was more than that - it was the mixture of smart strateg ic thinking and the confidence and ability to feel and connect with people spiritually, personally, non-rationally - a mixture that Jacqui herself embodied - and that moulded her campaigning work,

Jacqui described herself as a "nuclear refugee" from Thatcher's Britain and the cruise missile threat of the early 1 980s, Like many of us, she was inspired by the women's peace camp of Greenham Common, and when she arrived in Napier in 1 982 she joined the local peace group, In 1 987, she joined Greenpeace as our Nuclear Free Seas Campaigner, Charged with spreading the "Kiwi Disease" - New Zealand's nuclear free allergy - Jacqui set out to ensure the mild hayfever of the Labour Government became a full scale epidemic infecting everyone in New Zealand,

If being nuclear free has become entrenched in the psyche of New Zealanders, as Richard Prebble now bemoans, then a large part of it is down to Jacqui. Her special contribution was her role in converting the National Party and Federated Farmers into supporters of the nuclear free policy, She did this through some inspired pieces of campaigning - combining the full force of her formidable intelligence with a charm and W'lt that disarmed her opponents, The Nuclear Free Sheep tour is a textbook example: absolutely to the point in terms of targeting and winning over a key National Party audience of farmers; bringing

the words of a real

person - �"""";�e Steele, whose farm was still suffering the consequences of Chernobyl years later; but with sufficient silliness in the title of the tour to raise a smirk on even a Southland farmer's face, The month long tour, through the rural heartland of New Zealand, resulted in Federated

something <lion I' ,.lrough

resulted in Federated something <lion I' ,.lrough Farmers voting against nuclear reactors in New Zealand The

Farmers voting against nuclear reactors in New Zealand

The Nuclear Free Cup was another great idea - a yacht race on Auckland Harbour to celebrate the achievements of the peace movement, while creating an annual reminder to our leaders that the issue was not going away, Her creativity, her harnessing of the energy of a wide range of people, and her fa stidious attention to detail were all hallmarks of a great campaigner She went on to use her skills and experience to work for the forests and birds,

Jacqui would not wish to be sanitised or sanctified, Her vision was strong, uncompromising and at times, uncomfortable, She was a great lover but also a great feuder, She could use her unique brand of withering intimidation on the undeserv'lng, and tolerance was not a word you would easily associate with her But she lived with a vigour, a certitude of what was right, a passion for "showing truth to power", and a talent for beauty that enriched all of us, Her work was as colourful, creative, serious and powerful as she herself was, We'll miss her - as our friend, colleague, DJ at all the best Greenpeace parties and all around lover of life, Perhaps we'll remember Jacqui Barrington best when we see her beloved kukupa - the swoop and dance of courting, the exhilirating free-fall of flight, the indulgence of a good feed, the cheek and grace of a bird that is truly rare, Ben Okri's 'African Elegy' [see back page] captures for me the sweet rhythm and fire of Jacqui:

"We are the miracles that God made To taste the bitter fruit of Time, We are precious And one day our suffering Will turn into the wonders of the Earth,

There are things that burn me now Which turn golden when I am happy, Do you see the mystery of our pain? That we bear poverty And are able to sing and dream sweet things

Peace Researcher - Page 18

And that we never curse the air when it is warm Or the fruit when it tastes so good Or the lights that bounce gently on the waters We bless things even in our pain. We bless them in silence.

That is why our music is so sweet It makes the air remember There are secret miracles at work That only Time will bring forth. I too have heard the dead singing.

And they tell me that This life is good They tell me to live it gently With fire. and always with hope. There is wonder here

And there is surprise

In everything the unseen moves.

The ocean is full of songs.

The sky is not an enemy. Destiny is our friend" .

Mi�e Moorel tne New Zealana Constitutionl ana Waino�ai

. Mi�e Moorel tne New Zealana Constitutionl ana Waino�ai Bob Leonard raises the issue of whether

Bob Leonard raises the issue of whether it would have been more difficult under a written constitution for the government to manipu late

the law making Waihopai 'legal'. democracies in the world whose

Democracy operating without the overall guidance

and protections of a written constitution is open to gross abuse. New Zealand is one of the few

only "constitution"

is its ever-changing body of law - laws which can

be altered in several strange and wonderful ways without so much as a polite memo to inform parliamentarians outside the all-powerful executive of the government. And once a law is in place there is little recourse for ordinary citizens and their representatives to challenge, change or repeal it.

Does NZ need a constitution? Mike Moore thinks so: "Power to make decisions that will shape our nation has been passed to courts and tribunals without Parliament's or the people's mandate" (The Press, 6 May 1 998, p. 5).

I would not find many issues on which I would agree with Mike Moore. But I do think he's got some good arguments for tightening the way governrnent decisions are made that have profound implications for "the people". The example of recent changes in the Crimes Act is of great concern to the ABC as it relates to the Waihopai satellite spy station. In fact, the creation of the Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB) which runs Waihopai was by executive fiat under the royal prerogative. Parliament as a whole had nothing to say in the matter

Waihopai is currently being expanded with a new antenna and dome and its capabilities will soon include bulk interception of oral phone communications (see PR- 14 for details on the expansion).

What happened to the Crimes Act? The Governor­ General at the behest of the executive, and using the simple device of Order in Council, simply exempted Waihopai from provisions of the Crimes Act (1961) that prohibit the interception of private oral commu nications. Thus, with the stroke of pen, and no parliamentary debate whatsoever, Waihopai was empowered to intercept record and otherwise process your private international phone calls in any way it wishes and without warrants or any other legal restraints.

A written constitution just might bring such blatant

abuses of power under control. It might mean that Parliament must have the opportunity to debate whether or not the people should have their private communications intercepted and under what circumstances and for whose benefit, if any. If Mike Moore were to think deeply on his proposal for a written constitution, he might just begin to see our

point about Waihopai and its outlaw agency, the GCSB.

ABC will look at raising these issues with Mike Moore, who in his two-month reign as prime minister in 1 990 failed to abolish the GCSB and demilitarise Operation Deep Freeze. We were very disappointed at the time, but perhaps things are looking up for democracy.

BACK TO THE FUTURE

Despite severe cutbacks in Paris's defence spending the French army continues to maintain its flock (squadron?) of carrier pigeons The birds are said to outperform stealth bombers in their ability to penetrate enemy lines. They reach speeds of 1 00 kph, are invisible on radar, and are almost impossible to intercept They have a success record going back at least to the ninth century.

on radar, and are almost impossible to intercept They have a success record going back at

Peace Researcher - Page 19

Wai hopai Speaking Tour Christchurch ABC want to organise a speaking tour to publ icise
Wai hopai Speaking Tour
Christchurch ABC want to organise a speaking tour to publ icise the latest
Waihopai developments. Warren Thomson will be available to speak to
groups around the cou ntry in late July and Aug ust If you would like to host
a public meeting or a small cottage group, contact ABC, Box 2258
Christchurch, or E-mail Warren@chch . planet.co. nz. Offers to
assist with
accommodation, with funding, or with local media liaison, would be helpful.
Warren is Co-Editor of Peace Researcher and has been active in Anti
Bases issues, particularly at Waihopai, for many years.
Waihopai Petition
The Anti Bases Campaign is currently circulating a petition ai med at
closing Waihopai and shutting down the secret operations of the
Government Communications Security Bureau. The petition is to be
presented to Parliament in September. We would appreciate any help that
can be given to collect signatures. Contact ABC if you would like to assist.
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