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# 3.

PROBLEM SOLVING

## a)Based on different points of reference,there are three

different functions can be written:

1. y

-2 0 2
x

( 0, -0.5)

-1 ( 2, -1)

General Form :
ƒ(x) = -ax² – 0.5
(-1) = -a(2)² – 0.5
a = 0.125
Hence, ƒ(x) = -0.125x² – 0.5
2. y

0 2 4
x

( 2, -0.5)

-1

General Form :

ƒ(x) = -a (x – b)² + C
ƒ(x) = -a (x – 2)² – 0.5
1 = -a (0 – 2)² – 0.5
a = 0.125
Hence, ƒ(x) = - 0.125 (x + 2)² – 0.5
3. y

-4 -2 0
x

( -2,- 0.5)

-1

General Form :
ƒ(x) = -a (x + b)² + C
ƒ(x) = -a (x + 2)² – 0.5
- 1 = -a (0 + 2)² – 0.5
a = 0.125
Hence, ƒ(x) = -0.125 (x + 2)² – 0.5
b) The area to be painted :

-2 0 2
x

( 0, -0.5)

-1 ( 2, -1)
Y = -0.125 x² – 0.5

²
Area = ∫ - 0.25 χ² – 0.5 dx
²‫־‬
²
= - 0.125 χ³ – 0.5 χ
3
²‫־‬
= - 0.125(8) – 0.5 (2) – - 0.125(-8) – 0.5(-2)
3 3
= -1 – 1 – 1 +1
3 3

=-1–1-1 –1
3 3

## = - 8 = - 2.667 = 2.667 meter²

3
4. FUTURE EXPLORATION

Structure 1 :

4m

0.5 m 1m

## Area of surface = 2.667 m²

Volume of concrete

= 2.667 m² Χ 0.4 m
= 1.0668 m³
Cost of the concrete
= 1.0668 m³ Χ RM 840.00
= RM 895.44

Structure 2 :

4m

0.5 m
1m

## Area of the surface

= 2 (0.5 + 1.2) = 3 m²
2
Volume of the concrete
= 3 m² X 0.4 m = 1.2 m²
Cost of the concrete
= 1.2 m³ X RM 840.00
= RM 1008.00

Structure 3 :

4m

0.5 m
1m

## Area of the surface

(0.5 + 1)1.5
=2 + ( 1 x 0.5)
2

= 2.75 m²
Volume of the concrete
= 2.75 m² X 0.4 m = 1.1 m³
Cost of the concrete
= 1.1 m³ X RM 840.00
= RM 924.00

Structure 4 :

4m

0.5 m

2m

## =2 (0.5 + 1.1) + ( 2 x 0.5)

2

= 2.5 m²
Volume of the concrete
= 2.5 m² X 0.4 m = 1.00 m³
Cost of the concrete
= 1.00 m³ X RM 840.00
= RM 840.00
Structure 4 has the minimum cost (RM 840.00)

## As the president of the Arts Club,I would like to choose

the structure 4 because it is simple and plain.I like the
shape and the cost also cheap and affordable then the
others.

b)

4m

0.5 m
k(m) Area to be painted (m²)
(correct to 4 decimal places)
0.00 3.00
0.25 2.94
0.50 2.88
0.75 2.81
2.00 2.50
2.25 2.44
2.50 2.38
2.75 2.31
3.00 2.25
3.25 2.19
3.50 2.13
3.75 2.06
4.00 2.00

## (ii) It is find that whwn k increase, the value area

to be painted decrease.

## But when k approach to 4,the value of area to be

painted approach to 2.
a) (ii) Which structure to be choosen ?

## 2 RM 1008.00 Too common and

geometrical
3 RM 924.00 Artistic but too much
vertices
4 RM 840.00 Simple and plain
b)Expression of the area (A) to be painted in terms of k

4–k
4m 2

0.5 m
1m A = 0.5 k

A2 =
( 0.5+1) . (4– k)
2 2
Area, A = A1 + 2 A2
= 0.5 k + 2(0.5 + 1) . (4 – k)
2 2
= 0.5 k + 1.5 (4 – k)
2
A = 3 – 0.25 k

k 4

## When k 4, the shape of the concrete becomes

a rectangle 4 m X 0.5 m.
2.OBJECTIVES

structure.

aspects.