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" "'-A' NORTON CRITICAL-EDITION--'1

THE GREAT FAIRY


TALE TRADITION:
FROM STRAPAROLA AND
BASILE TO THE
BROTHERS GRIMM

, TEXTS,,
CRITICISM

Selected, .Translated, and .Edited by

JACKZIPES',
U N I V E R S I T Y OF M I N N E S O T A
.11 .:

' , C - ! !,i /ii','1 .f

W W NORTON & COMPANY New York London

Contents
A Note on the Illustrations

:,

'.

Introduction

: ' .'

>.,

xi

The Texts of the Great Fairy Tale "Tradition


:

CLEVER THIEVES

1
3

Giovan Francesco Straparola Cassandrino the Thief


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm The Master Thief "
SWINDLED SWINDLERS

i x

4
9

V - .-.-

15

Giovan Francesco Straparola *. The Priest Scarpacifico


Jacob and-Wilhelm Grimm Little Farmer.
' ;

; ' 15
v . 21

INCESTUOUS FATHERS

Giovan Francesco Straparola 'Tebaldo,


i
Giambattista Basile The Bear
'
Charles Perrault Donkey-Skin
. '
' Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm All Fur
:

BEASTLY BORN HEROES

>

<

27
. ^ 3 3
; - . 38
-1, 47

.
-'-.
'

: :

Giovan Francesco Straparola T h e Pig Prince

Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy ' T h e Wild Boar ' ! ; . ' A <.


Henriette Julie de Murat The Pig- King , ; .
. .
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Hans-My Hedgehog
:
THE WISHES OF FOOLS -

. <

Giovan Francesco Straparola Pietro the Fool ' '


Giambattista Basile Peruonto
i
Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy The Dolphin

.
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Simple Hans'
.';
DANGEROUS SIRENS
- '..'
. . .
. Giovan Francesco Straparola Fortunio and the Siren
Jean de Mailly Fortunio
'
'<
:.-'.
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm - The Nixie i n t h e Pond -

i- DISGUISED H E R O E S

'

:'''.-

26

51

51
57
82
-96
100

101
106
113
136

1 3 8
;
138
r
- ; 145
-155
-.'

159

. Giovan Francesco Straparola* Constahza/Constanzoi


;;
159
Giambattista Basile The Three Crowns
.167
Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy Belle-Belle; or, The Chevalier
Fortune
:>i" v i .:. ' . . ' -
' : -.-,;- 174
Henriette Julie de Murat The Savage
.: " 205
ENVIOUS SISTERS
i. .
1' '
.'-\~J 220

Giovan Francesco Straparola Ancilotto, King of Proviiio. . 220


Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy Princess Belle-Etoile and
..-'
;
.:
Prince Cheri
-"
'
.n, ' , V. J
; 229
Eustache Le Noble The Bird of Truth
264

CONTENTS

Antoine Galland The Jealous Sisters and Their Cadette


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm The Three Little Birds
WILD MEN

270
302

""

"306

Giovan Francesco Straparola Guerrino and the Wild Man


Jean de Mailly Prince Guerini- ,
'
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm The Wild Man
Friedmund von Arnim Iron_Hans_
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Iron Hans

307
316
323
J>26
329

COMPETITIVE BROTHERS

335

Girolamo Morlini Three Brothers Who Become Wealthy


:." '
Wandering the World
'< 336
Giovan Francesco Straparola The Three Brothers
337
Giambattista'.Basile Thei?Five"Sons
,.'
. .;--., . .' 339
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm The Four Skillful Brothers , :v .342
TRIUMPHANT APPRENTICES

.-, "\

;..:';;

'

i.';'i.'i,

347

Giovan Francesco*Straparola:* .Maestro!Lattaritio and His;


Apprentice Dionigi
,. . ,v v w 347
Eustache Le Noble'*. The Apprentice Magician .
'. 353
- Jacob and Wilhelm Grimmj.vThe Thief,and His Master <: . 359
BROTHERLY LOVE

: .

f,

. .

361

Giovan Francesco Straparola.* Cesarino,,the Dragon Slayer- ' 361


Giambattista Basile The Merchant
.. i ;.'.: , i ., 366
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm The Two Brothers ,. ,. , '. 374
S H R E W D CATS

<> '

' '

... . .,'

'

. >..

,.;-. '. 3 9 0

Giovan Francesco Straparola Constantino Fortunato- :,


.
y Giambattista Basile ' Cagliuso .-.. , . ;,. /
,' -,..... '
Charles Perrault The Master Cat; or, Puss in Boots ) -"'-i '
' Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Puss in Boots ' .'!..i ; .i:.; ;
' VIRTUOUS Q U E E N S

, .

.;

- . ;

,. I

j [ - '.,-

' 406

" ' Giovan Francesco Straparola Biancabella and the Snake


i
Jean de Mailly ' B l a n c h e Belle L.I-V'T;'
> J. . ,
."MAGIC HELPERS

; ) .. ; , > , - > ) i i , ' '

390
. 394
397
402

. i 406
' 415

" ! - .<>. . 4 2 1

Giambattista Basile _ T h e Ogre <


. , . . , - , .;;
,!.. 421
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimrri The Magic Table, the Golden>,'
Donkey, and the Club in the Sack

. r;r . 427
' FOOLISH PEASANTS ' ' . .,

;<"!'.

. ", - . : ij: ,' .- .

', : :,c,i'}

Giambattista Basile Vardiello


-. .T.I- ;'
' ;'..
' . Jacob and Wilhelm.Grimm Freddy and K a t y :
, '
J

'THE REVENGE AND REWARD OF NEGLECTED DAUGHTERS;!

435

: 435
' 439
:v i444

' GiambattistaiBasile > The GabCinderella . -, , n


. ,:

Charles Perrault Cinderella; o r , T h e GlassvSlipper V-, -...' j


Marie-Gatherincd'Aulnoy.. Finette Cendroh. - .iivi'j. J \y.
" Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Cinderella
-,; :. "
!jTHE P O W E R O F LOVE

- ' '

.fi

445
449
454
468

- '-.') ..' )i. ' " :':-.'. r. i . 4 7 4

'">" Giambattista Basile Petrosinella


., :r :/ ' 4 7 5
": Charlotte-Rose d e la Force; Persinette M ; o , , ; ri-f
479
F r i e d r i c h S c h u l z ' R a p u n z e l ." ,--i-.',-. -..< -.. ' ;..,.. 4 8 4
.. Jacob and Wilhelm G r i m m Rapunzel
'''.'.'!.'' '
489

GONTENf S

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TERRIBLE CURSES AND LUCKY PRINCES

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:..

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^492

..'" Giambattista Basile!> T h e D o v e .- ''.'.' ii-v". - ;.. >:-i".i 4 9 2


r
Jacob a n d W i l h e l m G r i m m ' T h e T w o iKings'jChildren
iC 5 0 0
:; T H E F A T H E R ' S B E T R A Y A L ; . )

"' :
'/

'>/!.-' I

..'->

."'

!'...' - j u b d > : i ^ 5 0 6

Giovanni Fiorentino Dionigia and the King of England :.: - 507


Giambattista Basile ,:The,Maiden.Without Hands
r-. '.'': 512
Jacob and Wilhelm G r i m m T h e Maiden Without Hands ' 519
a, ;.-.:! n -

THE ART O F GOOD^ CONDUCT

-j-,.,1

. I,-

,,.... 5 2 4

'-~ Giambattista Basile Sapia Liccarda


-, . < >,: t . . 5 2 4
M a r i e - J e a n n e Lheritier T h e DiscreetePrincess; or, T h e . 1 .
Adventures of Firiette ! .
;-.
' ' .
'- 5 2 8
REWARDS AND. P U N I S H M E N T S . F O R - G O O D AND B A D i G I R L S 1 \.< . " '. ', 5 4 3

'" Giambattista Basileiv,The Three Fairies: . . , I ; ' .' ; >-...; 544


Marie-Jeanne Lheritier T h e Enchantments of Eloquence;
or, T h e Effects of Sweetness ",,.' ; ,f; . . j . ' 550
Charles Perrault - T h e Fairies
. ..' . >, ,,. >'hr ;'.'. 564
Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont Aurore and Aimee > > 567
Jacob a n d ; W i l h e l m ' G r i m m . Mother.HolleT; ; *. . , .-.t 572
MAGICAL TRANSFORMATIONS

'.'..''

.;,

.. .

, . '. . . ' ' : ,

575

Giambattista Basile *,The Three Animal Kings . . -.. ,575


Friedmund von Arnim The Castlesof the: Golden;Sun : ; 580
" Jacob, and Wilhelm Grimm- The Crystal Ball
' :
; , ; 581
THE FATE OF SPINNING
;

,."!.'-..

' G O O D A T , H E A R T A N D UGLY AS S I N

; - ' >

.-

'

Giambattista-Basile The Two Cakes " .


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm The White Bride and
the Black Bride
.' ' .

FAITHFUL SISTERS

FAITHFUL SERVANTS

.' .
:

. "i ,-'......',

.'.

. '

'637

.^,.

;,,.

'

.--641

.pN , . , 641
.. ^
650

, 1 ' '-,

Giambattista Basile The Raven^,. . , .,. , ,


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm *j Faithful Johannes
THE TAMING OF SHREWS,

', , 6 3 2

.>:.'., 6 3 2

... .,

Giambattista Basile T.he.Seven Doves,, -. . .


Jacob and Wilhelm G r i m m , * T h e Twelve Brothers
,

..584

Giambattista Basile_;.The Seven Pieces of'Bacon Rind . 585


Marie-Jeanne Lheritier : Ricdiri-Ricdon-.; i _' '
, 588
Jacob and Wilhelm G r i m m Rumpelstiltskin' i '< ,
., i625
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm""The Three Spinners :i ;.)
1/ 628
Jacob and Wilhelmi.Grimm T h e Lazy Spinner, i;'
630

,,

6 5 4

.
,

654
662

. _',

668

Giambattista Basile Pride Punished.. ;,,.,/


,.
. 669
,. Jacob and Wilhelm,Grimm King Thrushbeard >, ,. -.
673
LUCKY BUMPKINS

,,,

, , :'

.'

. .

,'; , , : ;., ." 6 7 8

Giambattista Basile T h e G o o s e
, . . . ., ,v
678
Jacob a n d W i l h e l m G r i m m T h e Golden, G o o s e > ,. , . 6 8 1
-T H E FRUITFUL SLEEP.,

,,.,.,

'-'..,

. .... . '. , ( ,' ;

6 8 4

Giambattista.Basile *. ( Sun, M o o n , a n d T a l i a
..
-tv . ,,. 6 8 5
-,; C h a r l e s Perrault Sleeping-.Beauty;, j,.',.! "r . ,,', . . " ' " ' 6 8 8
Jacob a n d W i l h e l m G r i m m Brier Rose
696

viii

CONTENTS

ABANDONED CHILDREN

>

. . .

'

Giambattista Basile Ninnillo and Nennella


Charles Perrault Little Thumbling .
: <"
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Hansel and Gretel
INCONVENIENT MARRIAGES

'

...

>.'

Catherine Bernard Riquet with the.Tuft

'<'

"

1 1 1

.'.111

Charles Perrault Riquet with the Tuft .


,
..
Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont Spirituel and Astre
BLOODTHIRSTY HUSBANDS

6 9 9

700
. . ... 704
.
.711

<

,722
727

' '.

731

Charles Perrault Bluebeard


'
.
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Bluebeard
< '
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. The Robber Bridegroom
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Fitcher's Bird ". ' .'

732
736
738
741

DANGEROUS WOLVES AND NAIVE-GIRLS

744

Charles Perrault Little Red Riding Hood


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Little Red Cap
LOVE CONQUERS ALL >

"

745
747

751

Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy The Orange Tree and the Bee751


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Okerlo <
. 770
COMPASSIONATE SISTERS AND UNGRATEFUL DEMONS

772

Caroline Stahl The Ungrateful Dwarf


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm Snow White and Rose Red"

772
774

THE REDEEMER

779

Albert Ludwig Grimm The Three Princes '


Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm The Queen Bee
T H E BEAST AS B R I D E G R O O M

-."

'

< ':

>
. .

779
785

'

7 8 7

Marie-Catherine d'Aulnoy The Ram


' , 789
Jean-Paul Bignon Princess.Zeineb and King Leopard .
800
Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont-* Beauty and the Beast 805
Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm The Singing, Springing Lark
816
AUTHOR BIOGRAPHIES

Criticism

'

Jack Zipes Cross-Cultural Connections and the


Contamination of the Classical Fairy Tale
W. G. Waters [The Mysterious Giovan Francesco
K
'
Straparola, Founding Father of the Fairy Tale]
' '
Benedetto Croce [The Fantastic Accomplishment of '"
<
Giambattista Basile and His Tale of Tales]
,! Lewis Seifert The Marvelous in Context: The Place' of the1

Contes de Fees in Late- Seventeenth-Century France '


Patricia Hannon Corps cadavres: Heroes and Heroines in
:
the Tales of Perrault
''":''
Harry Velten The Influence of Charles Perrault's
1(:

Contes de ma MereL'oie on German Folklore


Siegfried Neumann The Brothers Grimm as Collectors
;
and Editors of German Folktales \
'
' '
Selected Bibliography

821

845
845
869
:

879
902
933

958
969
981