Electropneumatics
Workbook Advanced level
094467
094467
TEACHW.EPNEUM.
D.S202CSIBUGB
05/2002
06.05.2002, OCKER Ingenieurbro
OCKER Ingenieurbro
D. Waller, H. Werner, Th. Ocker
Preface
The Festo Didactic Learning System for Automation and Technology has
been formulated according to various prerequisites and vocational
requirements. It has been divided into the following categories of training
packages:
Profile plate
U = 230V~
Storage tray
Hardware
Teachware
Software
Seminars
Course
Exercises
Part B
Fundamentals
Part C
Solutions
Part D
Appendix
Table of contents
Introduction
11
13
15
18
20
21
Designation of components
22
Part A Course
Basic exercises
Exercise 1:
Bench drill
A3
Exercise 2:
A5
Exercise 3:
Filling device
A7
Exercise 4:
Stamping device
A9
Exercise 5:
Drilling jig
A11
Exercise 6:
A15
Exercise 7:
Forming press
A19
Consolidating exercises
Exercise 8:
Embossing device
A21
Exercise 9:
Handling device
A23
Exercise 10:
A25
Exercise 11:
Loading station
A29
Exercise 12:
A33
Exercise 13:
Assembly unit
A37
Exercise 14:
Moulding press
A41
Exercise 15:
Pickandplace unit
A45
Exercise 16:
Galvanising process
A49
Exercise 17:
Loading station
A53
Exercise 18:
A57
Exercise 19:
Checking station
A63
Exercise 20:
Handling device
A67
Part B Fundamentals
Part C Solutions
Solution 1:
Bench drill
C3
Solution 2:
C9
Solution 3:
Filling device
C17
Solution 4:
Stamping device
C21
Solution 5:
Drilling jig
C27
Solution 6:
C35
Solution 7:
Forming press
C41
Solution 8:
Embossing device
C45
Solution 9:
Handling device
C49
Solution 10:
C55
Solution 11:
Loading station
C59
Solution 12:
C63
Solution 13:
Assembly unit
C69
Solution 14:
Moulding press
C75
Solution 15:
Pickandplace unit
C81
Solution 16:
Galvanising process
C87
Solution 17:
Loading station
C95
Solution 18:
C103
Solution 19:
Checking station
C111
Solution 20:
Handling device
C117
Part D Appendix
Storage tray
D2
Mounting technology
D3
Plastic tubing
D5
Data sheets
...
Introduction
This workbook forms part of Festo Didactics Learning System for Automation and Technology. The system provides a solid basis for practiceorientated vocational and further training. Technology package TP200 is
concerned exclusively with electropneumatic control systems.
The basic level TP201 is suitable for basic training in electropneumatic
control technology. It conveys knowledge concerning the physical fundamentals of electropneumatics as well as the function and use of
electropneumatic components. The equipment set permits the construction of simple electropneumatic control systems.
The advanced level TP202 is intended for further training in electropneumatic control technology. The equipment set permits the construction of a wide range of combinatorial circuits with logic operations of the
input and output signals as well as program controls.
Prerequisites for assembling control circuits are a fixed workstation and
a Festo Didactic profile plate. The profile plate has 14 parallel Tgrooves
arranged at intervals of 50 mm. A shortcircuit proof power supply unit
provides a constant power supply (Input: 230 V, 50 Hz, Output: 24 V,
max. 5 A). A mobile, silenced compressor may be used for compressed
air supply (230 V, maximum 8 bar = 800 kPa).
Working pressure should be a maximum of p = 6 bar (= 600 kPa)
Optimum operational safety is achieved by operating the control system
with unlubricated air at a pressure of p = 5 bar = 500 kPa.
The training hardware of both equipment sets (TP201 and TP202) will
be required for the practical assembly of the controls documented here.
The theoretical fundamentals required to understand this book of exercises can be found in the following textbook:
Learning System for Control Technology
Introduction to Electropneumatics
10
11
Warning!
Cylinders may advance or retract as soon as the compressed air is
switched on.
Limit switches should be placed so that they contact only the side of
the trip cam and never the front at high piston speeds.
In the pneumatic circuits cylinders are shown without magnetic pistons, since these are only required when magnetic endposition
switches are used. Festo Didactic training sets only contain cylinders
with magnetic pistons.
Switch off the pressure and power supply prior to disconnecting the
circuit.
12
13
14
Exercise
Training aim
To familiarise the student with the procedure for skipping program steps
and with the use of a timer.
10
11
12
To familiarise the student with step repetition using the preselect counter.
13
To teach the student how to set up manual activation of the cylinder with
protection against collision.
To familiarise the student with automatic setting conditions.
14
15
16
17
18
19
To familiarise the student with the use of a timer with delayed switchon
as a delayed starting element.
20
15
Order No.
Quantity
Relay, 3off*
162241
162242
162244
151496
Singleacting cylinder
152887
Doubleacting cylinder
152888
152894
Manifold
152896
167060
183322
183345
Pneumaticelectric converter
177459
167073
167074
167076
* These components can be attached to the profile plate by means of 4 adapters (Order
No. 323571).
16
Symbols of the
equipment set
Indicator/distributor, electrical
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
17
Pneumaticelectric converter
Symbols of the
equipment set
18
Designation
Order No.
Quantity
Relay, 3off*
162241
162242
162243
162355
167076
178574
178575
178577
EMERGENCYSTOP button
183347
* These components can be attached to the profile plate by means of 4 adapters (Order
No. 323571).
19
Relay, 3off
EMERGENCYSTOP button
Symbols of the
equipment set
advanced level
20
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Relay, 3off*
6* 6* 6* 6* 6* 6*
1
1
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
3* 3* 3* 3*
Manifold
EMERGENCYSTOP button
Pneumaticelectric converter
2* 2* 2*
1
2
2
1
1
* Components which are not available in full quantity in equipment sets 201 and 202.
21
Subject
Title
Training aim
Exercise
sowie

Problem description
Positional sketch
Displacementstep diagram
The proposed solutions in part C cover a minimum of four pages and are
divided into:

Solution description
Component list
22
Designation of components
The components in the circuit diagrams are designated in accordance
with ISO 12192. All components within a circuit have the same main
code. Letters are assigned dependent on the component. If there are
several components within a circuit, these are numbered consecutively.
Pressure lines are identified with the designation P and are numbered
separately.
Actuators:
Valves:
Signal detecter:
Accessories:
Electrical sensors:
Pressure lines:
A1
Part A Course
Basic exercises
Exercise 1:
Bench drill
A3
Exercise 2:
A5
Exercise 3:
Filling device
A7
Exercise 4:
Stamping device
A9
Exercise 5:
Drilling jig
A11
Exercise 6:
A15
Exercise 7:
Forming press
A19
Consolidating exercises
Exercise 8:
Embossing device
A21
Exercise 9:
Handling device
A23
Exercise 10:
A25
Exercise 11:
Loading station
A29
Exercise 12:
A33
Exercise 13:
Assembly unit
A37
Exercise 14:
Moulding press
A41
Exercise 15:
Pickandplace unit
A45
Exercise 16:
Galvanising process
A49
Exercise 17:
Loading station
A53
Exercise 18:
A57
Exercise 19:
Checking station
A63
Exercise 20:
Handling device
A67
A2
A3
Aufgabe 1
Electropneumatics
Subject
Bench drill
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A4
Aufgabe 1
Problem description
Fig. 1/1:
Positional sketch
2A
3Z
1A
Fig. 1/2:
Displacementstep diagram
5=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
2B1
1A
2A
A5
Aufgabe 2
Electropneumatics
Subject
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A6
Aufgabe 2
Problem description
A sheet metal strip is to be fed from a drum towards the cutting tool. The
feed unit may only start when the punchtool is in the upper position (this
signal must be simulated by a push button S3). Cylinder 1A holds the
sheet metal strip and cylinder 2A retracts. Cylinder 1A releases the strip
and cylinder 2A returns to the forward end position.
Operating condition
The sheet metal strip feed unit must be provided with a main switch S1.
When cylinder 2A has retracted and cylinder 1A has released the strip, a
signal (optical indicator) is to be passed on to the press for the next part
to be punched out.
Fig. 2/1:
Positional sketch
1A
2A
Fig. 2/2:
Displacementstep diagram
6=1
1B2
1B1
2S2
2S1
1A
2A
A7
Exercise 3
Electropneumatics
Subject
Filling device
Title
Training aim
To familiarise the student with the use of a timer with switchon delay.
Exercise
A8
Exercise 3
Problem description
Operating condition
Fig. 3/1:
Positional sketch
1A
3A
2A
A9
Aufgabe 4
Electropneumatics
Subject
Stamping device
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A10
Aufgabe 4
Problem description
Cylinder 1A is to push parts out of the gravity feed magazine and clamp
them. Only then can cylinder 2A stamp the part and retract once again.
Next, clamping cylinder 1A is to unclamp. The part is to be ejected by
cylinder 3A, which then returns to the retracted end position.
Fig. 4/1:
Positional sketch
Fig. 4/2:
Displacementstep diagram
7=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
2B1
3B2
3B1
1A
2A
3A
A11
Exercise 5
Electropneumatics
Subject
Drilling jig
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A12
Exercise 5
Problem description
Rectangular castings are to be drilled in 4 positions. Castings are inserted by hand and clamped by an eccentric cam.
Feed unit 3A with hydraulic cushioning cylinder is aligned vertically (Zaxis). Positioning cylinders 1A and 2A move the table in X and Ydirection so that drilling positions (1), (2), (3) and (4) can be approached
consecutively.
The first hole is drilled by means of feed unit 3A after the START button
has been pressed. Next, doubleacting cylinder 1A retracts and the
second drilling process takes place. After doubleacting cylinder 2A has
retracted, feed unit 3A carries out the third double stroke. When cylinder
1A has once again reached its forward end position, the fourth hole is
drilled. In the 12th step, cylinder 2A extends once again and the initial
position is obtained.
Operating condition
A13
Exercise 5
Fig. 5/1:
Positional sketch
1
4
2
3
Fig. 5/2:
Displacementstep diagram
1
10
11
12
13=1
1B2
1B1
2B2
2B1
3S2
3S1
1A
2A
3A
A14
Exercise 5
A15
Exercise 6
Electropneumatics
Subject
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A16
Exercise 6
Problem description
Operating condition
A17
Exercise 6
Fig. 6/1:
Positional sketch
1A
2A
3A
9=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
2B1
3B2
3B1
1A
2A
3A
Fig. 6/2:
Displacementstep diagram
A18
Exercise 6
A19
Aufgabe 7
Electropneumatics
Subject
Forming press
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A20
Aufgabe 7
Problem description
Operating condition
Fig. 7/1:
Positional sketch
1A
Fig. 7/2:
Displacementstep diagram
5=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
2B1
1A
2A
A21
Exercise 8
Electropneumatics
Subject
Embossing device
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A22
Exercise 8
Problem description
Operating condition
Fig. 8/1:
Positional sketch
Fig. 8/2:
Displacementstep diagram
5=1
1B2
1B1
2S2
2S1
1A
2A
A23
Exercise 9
Electropneumatics
Subject
Handling device
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A24
Exercise 9
Problem description
Round parts are to be fed by a handling device from the outlet channel
of processing station I to the inlet channel of processing station II. As an
additional start condition, the outlet channel is to be interrogated for
round parts.
Operating condition
Separate push buttons for SINGLE/CONTINUOUS CYCLE. EMERGENCYSTOP: Linear drive 2A must be unpressurised. Gripper 1A must
remain closed or open according to status. When EMERGENCYSTOP
is no longer being actuated, pressing a push button is to bring the linear
drive back into the initial position. A second push button is then to release the gripper (if this was closed in the EMERGENCYSTOP status).
This push button must also simultaneously latch the start button (after
the EMERGENCYSTOP), so that it is only possible to restart via the
START button after this button has been pressed.
Fig. 9/1:
Positional sketch
Fig. 9/2:
Displacementstep diagram
5=1
1S2 open
1A
Gripper
0
1S1 closed
2B2
2A
Linear drive
0
2B1
A25
Exercise 10
Electropneumatics
Subject
Title
To teach the student how to realise a control system with an alternative program by means of program switching step jump.
Training aim
Exercise
A26
Exercise 10
Problem description
Program 1:  Drilling
Parts, which only need to be drilled, are clamped by hand. The part is
drilled when the START button is actuated. (Cylinder 1A).
Program 2:  Drilling and reaming
Parts, which also need to be reamed, are also clamped by hand. Then,
upon actuation of a PROGRAM SELECTOR button and the START
button, cylinder 1A starts the drilling process. When the drilling process
is completed, positioning cylinder 2A extends and transfers the drilled
part to the reaming station (cylinder 3A). When reaming of the part has
taken place, positioning cylinder 2A retracts and the part can be removed. The PROGRAM SELECTOR button must be actuated before the
START button in order to start up program 2. If these buttons remain
unactuated, then program 1 is to automatically run.
A27
Exercise 10
Fig. 10/1:
Positional sketch
Fig. 10/2:
Displacementstep diagram
Program 1
1
Program 2
3=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
1A
7=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
1A
2A
2A
0
2B1
2B1
3B2
3B2
3B1
3A
3A
0
3B1
A28
Exercise 10
A29
Exercise 11
Electropneumatics
Subject
Loading station
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A30
Exercise 11
Problem description
Operating condition
A31
Exercise 11
Fig. 11/1:
Positional sketch
Conveyor belt
Plate
Position 2
Position 1
Fig. 11/2:
Displacementstep diagram
1
10
11
12
13=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
2B1
3B2
3B1
1A
2A
3A
Position 1
Position 2
A32
Exercise 11
A33
Exercise 12
Electropneumatics
Subject
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A34
Exercise 12
Problem description
Operating condition
START and STOP at the end of each cycle are each controlled by one
push button.
A35
Exercise 12
Fig. 12/1:
Positional sketch
3A
2A
1A
Fig. 12/2:
Displacementstep diagram
1
22
23
24
25
26=1
1B2
1B1
2S2
2S1
3B3
1A
2A
3A
3B2
0
3B1
A36
Exercise 12
A37
Exercise 13
Electropneumatics
Subject
Assembly unit
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A38
Exercise 13
Problem description
Bushes which are placed ready for assembly in a gravity feed magazine
are pressed into metal blocks which are also introduced in a similar
manner.
Cylinder 1A pushes a metal block from the magazine to a stop and
clamps it. Then, cylinder 2A extends and presses the first bush into
place. Next, cylinder 3A is activated, pressing the second bush into
place. Then cylinders 1A and 3A retract simultaneously, followed by
cylinder 2A retracting. The assembled metal block drops onto a conveyor belt.
Operating condition
A39
Exercise 13
Fig. 13/1
Positional sketch
6=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
2B1
3B2
3B1
1A
2A
3A
Fig. 13/2:
Displacementstep diagram
A40
Exercise 13
A41
Exercise 14
Electropneumatics
Subject
Moulding press
Title
Training aim
To familiarise the student with restart before the end of the cycle.
Exercise
A42
Exercise 14
Problem description
Plastic plates are to be formed from duroplastic pellets. The pellets are
inserted manually into the lower part of the mould.
When the START button is pressed (twohanded safety control), the
upper part of the mould is guided into the lower part of the mould.
When the forward end position is reached, pressure must be sustained
for approximately ten seconds to guarantee hardening of the formed
part. Then, the plates are removed from the mould tool by the extractor
unit and stacked next to the press.
Operating condition
The START signal must continue until cylinder 1A has assumed its
forward end position.
The press cylinder may extend immediately the extractor unit has been
removed from the working area (half return stroke of cylinder 2A).
The twohanded safety control using a relay.
The function of the vacuum generator 4Z is to be represented by a lamp.
A43
Exercise 14
Fig. 14/1:
Positional sketch
7=1
1B2
1B1
2B3
1A
2A
2B2
0
2B1
3S2
3S1
3A
Fig. 14/2:
Displacementstep diagram
A44
Exercise 14
A45
Exercise 15
Electropneumatics
Subject
Pickandplace unit
Title
To teach the student how to develop a latching sequence with marginal conditions.
Training aim
Exercise
A46
Exercise 15
Problem description
A tripleaxis unit is used for insertion of parts from position 2 into positions 3 and 4 of a gear housing. The vacuum gripper 4Z is to be simulated by a lamp (gripper suction = lamp on, no gripper suction = lamp
off). The start position is to be position 1, where the gripper is raised
(Zaxis) and there is no suction. When the START button is pressed,
position 2 is to be approached and a part picked up from the feed hopper and then deposited in position 3. Another part is then picked up from
position 2 and deposited in position 4. The gripper then returns to initial
position 1.
Operating condition
A47
Exercise 15
Fig. 15/1:
Positional sketch
2A
1A
3A
Fig. 15/2:
Displacementstep diagram
down
up
Vaccuum
generator on
Vaccuum
generator off
Vaccuum
generator on
Vaccuum
generator off
A48
Exercise 15
A49
Exercise 16
Electropneumatics
Subject
Galvanising process
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A50
Exercise 16
Problem description
Operating condition
When the main power supply has been switched on, the control is to be
activated via the SET button S1 and the time interval t1 started simultaneously.
During this time period, the cylinder is to be brought into the initial position (as it would have moved into the forward end position by leakage
losses when the installation was stopped).
When the time t1 has expired, the positioning lamp H4 is illuminated.
The installation can only be started once a pneumaticelectrical converter has signalled the supply of compressed air.
A51
Exercise 16
Fig. 16/1:
Positional sketch
Bath 1
Bath 2
Bath 3
Fig. 16/2:
Displacementstep diagram
START
Bath 1
2
Bath 2
7
10
Bath 3
11
t2
12
13
14
15
16
17=1
1B3
1A
1B2
1B1
S1
t1
t1
t1
t1
A52
Exercise 16
A53
Exercise 17
Electropneumatics
Subject
Loading station
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A54
Exercise 17
Problem description
A loading station is used for loading boxes. Empty boxes which are
supplied via a conveyor belt must be placed onto the transfer unit by
hand. Transfer unit 1A moves underneath the swivel device 4M, which
then fills the box with containers row by row. The motion sequence can
be seen in displacementstep diagram 1. Indicate on the diagram the
step which has been reached by the installation shown in the positional
sketch.
Operating condition
Fig. 17/1:
Positional sketch
4M
3A
1A
2A
A55
1B2
1B1
2B2
2B1
3S2
3S1
4B
4S
Fig. 17/2:
Displacementstep
diagram 1
4M
3A
2A
1A
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25=1
1
Exercise 17
1A+ 3A+ 4M+ 4M 3A 2A+ 3A+ 4M+ 4M 2A 3A 2A+
3A+ 4M+ 4M 2A 3A 2A+ 3A+ 4M+ 4M 3A 1A
Abbreviated notation
A56
1B1
2B2
2B1
3S2
3S1
4B
4S
1B2
Abbreviated notation
4M
3A
2A
1A
21
21
22
23
24
25=1
Fig. 17/3:
Displacementstep
diagram 2
Exercise 17
1A+ 3A+
Main program
3 x Subroutine
Main program
A57
Exercise 18
Electropneumatics
Subject
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A58
Exercise 18
Problem description
Operating condition
A59
Exercise 18
EMERGENCYSTOP
The electrical power to the control must be switched off.
The feed units are to retract.
The transfer units and the cylinder of the indexing table are to complete
their movements.
When the vacuum generators are active, they must continue to remain
active until, after the RESET and a renewed START, the controller gives
the command to deposit.
RESET
If, after indexing on, processing can no longer take place because the
EMERGENCYSTOP has been actuated, processing must be carried
out in RESET mode via a time control.
All cylinders must be brought into their initial position. In the case of the
transport units, cylinders 1A and 3A must retract before cylinder 2A and
4A.
Note regarding solution
For the purpose of simulation, this exercise can be solved using four
cylinders:
The transer units are to be represented by doubleacting cylinders.
Cylinders 1A and 2A are sufficient for this as the movements of the two
units are synchronised.
Cylinder 5A for indexing of the table is also represented by a doubleacting cylinder.
All feed units are to be represented by a singleacting cylinder.
Only the limit switches of the four cylinders are to be drawn in the electrical circuit diagram.
A60
Exercise 18
Fig. 18/1:
Positional sketch
Discharge
Conveyor 2
9A
Counter 2
8A
1A
Counter 1
Rotary indexing table
Conveyor 1
7A
Drilling 1
A61
Exercise 18
Transfer 1
7=1
1S2 (1B2)
1S1 (1B1)
2S2 (2B2)
2S1 (2B1)
1A
2A
Transfer 2
7=1
3S2
3S1
4S2
4S1
3A
4A
7=1
1
Rotary indexing
table
5A
5S2
5S1
1
Drilling 1
7=1
6S2 (6B)
6S1 (6S)
7S2
7S1
8S2
8S1
9S2
9S1
10S2
10S1
11S2
11S1
6A
Drilling 2
Counterboring 1
Counterboring 2
Deburring 1
Deburring 2
7A
8A
9A
10A
11A
Fig. 18/2:
Displacementstep diagram
A62
Exercise 18
A63
Exercise 19
Electropneumatics
Subject
Checking station
Title
To familiarise the student with the use of a timer with delayed switchon as a delayed starting element.
Training aim
Exercise
A64
Exercise 19
Problem description
Transfer cylinder 1A is to push a container onto the scales. Then, cylinder 2A is to release the scales and cylinder 1A is to return to its initial
position.
After a waiting time of approx. 3 seconds, cylinder 2A is to block the
scales again. If the container is within the weight tolerance (switch S4 is
activated), cylinder 3A is to push it onto the conveyor belt to move it on
and then to retract once again. However, if the tolerance limit is not
maintained (switch S4 not activated), cylinder 4A is to transfer the container to the outlet chute and then to retract again. Then, the container is
to be transferred on by the conveyor belt (simulated by a lamp H1).
Operating conditions
A65
Exercise 19
Fig. 19/1:
Positional sketch
1A
3A
4A
6=1
1B2
1B1
2B2
2B1
3B1
3S1
4S2
4S1
1A
2A
3A
4A
Fig. 19/2:
Displacementstep diagram
A66
Exercise 19
A67
Exercise 20
Electropneumatics
Subject
Handling device
Title
Training aim
Exercise
A68
Exercise 20
Problem description
Operating condition
A69
Exercise 20
Fig. 20/1:
Positional sketch
Fig. 20/2:
Displacementstep diagram
1
10
11
12
13=1
1S2
1S1
2B2
2B1
3B2
3B1
4B
4S
1A
2A
3A
4A
A70
Exercise 20
B1
Part B  Fundamentals
The theoretical fundamentals for the training package Electropneumatics
are summarised in the textbook
Introduction to
Electropneumatics.
Basic Level TP201
B2
C1
Part C Solutions
Solution 1:
Bench drill
C3
Solution 2:
C9
Solution 3:
Filling device
C17
Solution 4:
Stamping device
C21
Solution 5:
Drilling jig
C27
Solution 6:
C35
Solution 7:
Forming press
C41
Solution 8:
Embossing device
C45
Solution 9:
Handling device
C49
Solution 10:
C55
Solution 11:
Loading station
C59
Solution 12:
C63
Solution 13:
Assembly unit
C69
Solution 14:
Moulding press
C75
Solution 15:
Pickandplace unit
C81
Solution 16:
Galvanising process
C87
Solution 17:
Loading station
C95
Solution 18:
C103
Solution 19:
Checking station
C111
Solution 20:
Handling device
C117
C2
C3
Solution 1
Bench drill
Fig. 1/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
**
K1
K4
1S1
24
A1
23
4
5
11
K2
K1
1S2
2
3
10
14
A2
K1
13
A2
42
A1
41
14
1
13
24 V 1
K2
14
13
2B2
BU
BN
K3
A2
24
A1
23
11 7
9
K2
BK
6
K3
14
13
2B1
BU
BN
K4
K3
BK
A2
24
A1
23
1Y
34
1A+
K1
33
10
2Y
42
41
34
2A+
K3
K2
33
11
3Y
K3
3Z
34
33
12
C4
Solution 1
Fig. 1/4
Circuit diagram, electrical
Ausblasen
C5
Solution 1
Since in this case the memory function is via a relay, single solenoid
valves are generally activated using a latching sequence. It should be
remembered that the coil circuit should be interrupted by a second
contact for the return motion, for example, in order to achieve spring
return of the valve to the initial position. (The final step represents an
exception to this since it is possible to dispense with a normally closed
contact as all valves are returned to their initial positions through interruption of all the circuits). This is why a latching sequence is used since
in the case of power failure all cylinders will return to an accurately
defined initial position. This is important for accident prevention, although it is important to watch out for overlapping of movements which
may occur on reaching the initial position.
24 V 1
13
13
K1
14
1
10
33
K1
14
34
1S1
4
41
K4
42
A1
K1
1Y
A2
1A+
Solution description
Fig. 1/5:
Step 1, Cylinder 1A+
C6
Solution 1
Fig. 1/6:
Step 2, Cylinder 2A+
24 V 1
13
13
1S2
K1
14
1
14
13
K2
4
10
11
33
K1
14
33
K2
34
34
1S1
4
41
23
41
K1
K4
42
A1
K1
K3
24
A1
K2
A2
42
1Y
2Y
A2
1A+
2A+
When cylinder 1A has reached its forward end position, it actuates limit
switch 1S2. Then, the circuit for relay K2 is closed via S2 and the setting
condition K1, this then goes into selflatching via a parallel normally
open contact.
A second normally open contact of K2 switches the current to solenoid
coil 2Y via normally closed contact K3; this switches the valve and
cylinder 2A extends.
The principle of the latching sequence is to interrogate the preceding
step and its acknowledgement (limit switch) and then to set a new memory for the next step. Finally, the complete sequence (the selflatching
circuits) is reset by the last step (or cycle) no selflatching is required
for the last step.
C7
Solution 1
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
Components list
C8
Solution 1
C9
Solution 2
1B1
1B2
2S1
1A
Fig. 2/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
2S2
2A
1Y1
1Y2
5
2Y1
2Y2
5
0Z2
0Z1
K1
K4
K8
2S2
S2
S1
A1
22
23
12 5
17
K2
K1
2
3
14
13
A2
K1
A2
42
A1
41
14
4
11
14
1
14
13
13
BU
1B1 BN
K3
K6
K2
BK
6
7
A2
42
A1
41
14
13
5
K3
14
13
K4
K3
8
18
A2
A1
24
23
K5
K8
K4
2S1
9
10
A2
22
A1
21
14
4
13
8
K5
14
13
K6
A2
A1
24
23
5 12
16
19
K5
10
Fig. 2/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C10
Solution 2
1B2
K8
K7
A1
24
21
1
20
14
SET 13
15
13
15
14
11
14
A2
K7
13
A2
42
A1
41
14
13
12
K2
K6
BK
BU
BN
24 V 11
H1
K6
24
23
16
1Y1
24
23
1A
K2
17
2Y1
24
23
2A
K4
18
1Y2
34
33
1A+
K6
19
2Y2
34
31
2A+
K8
20
C11
Solution 2
Fig. 2/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
C12
Solution 2
Solution description
When the SET button is pressed, relay K7 goes into selflatching and
switches relay K8, which represents the start condition.
If appropriate, the SET button should be latched in such a way that it can
only be active at the time when the main current supply is applied, in
order to safeguard the circuit sequence.
Once the feed has been initiated with S1 and S2, K1 goes into selflatching and K2 switches, selflatching at K7 is cancelled via a normally
closed contact of K2.
A further possibility is to replace the SET key by a relay (see exercise 13).
Fig. 2/6:
Step 1, Cylinder 1A
24 V 1
13
S1
13
K1
14
13
17
23
K1
14
23
K2
22
24
S2
14
1
2S2
4
11
K8
14
41
K4
42
A1
A1
K2
K1
A2
1Y1
A2
1A
When START button S1 is actuated, the circuit for relay K1 is closed via
the signal from pressing S2, the limit switch S22, the setting signal for
relay K8 and the normally closed contact K4. The relay goes into selflatching via the parallel normally open K1. At the same time, a further
normally open contact of K1 switches the circuit for the relay K2.
A normally open contact of K2 switches the circuit in the power section
to solenoid coil 1Y1. The valve switches and cylinder 1A travels into the
retracted end position and there actuates limit switch 1B1.
C13
Solution 2
Fig. 2/7:
Step 2, Cylinder 2A24 V 1
13
S1
13
K1
14
13
23
13
K1
14
K3
22
S2
17
K3
18
23
23
14
1B1 BN
BK
BU
14
1
7
K2
23
K4
24
24
24
13
K2
2S2
4
11
14
K8
14
41
41
K4
K6
42
A1
K2
K1
A2
42
A1
A1
K3
A2
A1
K4
A2
1Y1
2Y1
A2
1A
Now sensor 1B1 emits a signal which closes the circuit for relay K3 via
the normally open contact K2 and the normally closed contact K6. This
goes into selflatching via the parallel normally open contact K3. At the
same time, relay K4 is switched via a further normally open contact K3.
Only now, when selflatching of K3 has been established, is the setting
condition K1 or K2 reset by normally closed contact K4 and in the power
section, the normally open contact K4 switches the circuit to solenoid
coil 2Y1, which in turn switches the valve, cylinder 2A retracts and
activates 2S1 in the end position.
Owing to its additional switching time, relay K4 serves as a delay between the buildup of selflatching of K3 and the reset of setting condition K2. This guarantees that K3 is in selflatching before the setting
signal is set.
Then, the next step is activated (K5, K6) by 2S1 via K4. The principle of
the latching sequence is based on the interrogation of the preceding
step and its acknowledgement (limit switch). The next step is activated
on the basis of these conditions; when this happens, the preceding step
is reset.
The reset sequence is particularly suitable for the control of double
solenoid valves, since here the memory behaviour is assumed by the bistable solenoid valve.
2A
C14
Solution 2
24 V13
S1
13
13
K1
14
13
K2
14
1B1 BN
S2
14
1
23
K1
14
23
K2
24
24
BK
BU
23
K1
2S2
4
11
24
K8
14
41
K2
41
K4
42
A1
K1
42
A1
K3
A2
1Y1
2Y1
A2
1A
2A
C15
Solution 2
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
Components list
C16
Solution 2
C17
Solution 3
Filling device
Fig. 3/2:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1S1
2B1
1S2
1A
2B2
3A
2A
1Y
2Y
1
3Y
1
0Z2
0Z1
1
3
3B1
3B2
3B1
S1 = Single cycle
S2 = Continuous cycle
K1
K7
K1
K2
14
13
K3
K2
1S2
24
A1
23
8
10
19
24
A1
23
14
13
18 6
7
K2
S4
1S1
4
5
18
14
13
A2
K1
A2
14
13
A2
42
A1
36
41
35
14
S3 13
14
BK
S1 13 S2
K6
BU
BN
1
K3
14
13
8
2B2
BU
BN
K4
A2
24
A1
23
19 11
13
17
K3
BK
10
K4
14
13
11
Fig. 3/3:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V
C18
Solution 3
st
S3 = 1 interrogation
S4 = 2nd interrogation
2B1
24 V
BU
BN
12
rd
S5 = 3 interrogation
S6 = Idle cycle without filling
K4
S5
BK
14
16
20
A2
24
A1
23
14
13
13
K5
14
13
14
2B2
A2
24
A1
A2
34
A1
33
14
13
17
K4
K7
S6
23
16
K5
BK
K6
BU
BN
15
1Y
42
41
34
33
1A
K2
K1
18
2Y
42
41
34
33
2A+
K4
K3
19
3Y
34
33
3A+
K5
20
C19
Solution 3
Fig. 3/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
C20
Solution 3
Solution description
Components list
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
C21
Solution 4
Stamping device
2B1
Fig. 4/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
2B2
2A
1A
1S1
1S2
3A
2Y1
4
1Y1
3Y1
0Z2
0Z1
1
3
3B2
2Y2
1Y2
1
3B1
3Y2
1
3B1
K4
K1
K12
A1
24
23
K6
1S2
K2
41
14
13
K3
14
13
K4
K3
A1
24
23
7
2B2
BU
BN
A2
20 5
23
A2
3
4
42
A1
K3
6
7
A2
42
A1
9
24
A2
K5
K8
K4
BK
13
10
11
A2
12
A1
11
K2
K1
41
14
13
14
K1
14
14
13
11
K5
14
13
10
Fig. 4/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C22
Solution 4
K6
21
6
7
14
15
12
A1
K9
9
24
A2
24
A1
21
K12
K8
1S1
11
A1
24
21
24
K8
K7
16
14
13
14
11
15
5 13
25
K7
K10
K6
BK
K7
14
A2
BU
2B1 BN
13
A2
A1
24
23
12
A2
K5
24 V 11
K9
14
11
17
K10
K9
9
24
A2
A1
24
21
18
C23
Solution 4
Fig. 4/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
3B2
K11
K2
K10
K11
16 2
20
A1
24
21
20
22
K12
K11
22
A2
14
SET 13
21
A2
42
A1
41
22
21
14
11
20
1Y1
24
23
1A+
K2
23
2Y1
24
23
2A+
K4
24
2Y2
24
23
2A
K6
25
1Y2
34
31
1A
K8
26
3Y1
34
31
3A+
K10
27
3Y2
34
31
3A
K12
28
Fig. 4/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
24 V 19
C24
Solution 4
C25
Solution 4
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
Solution description
Components list
C26
Solution 4
C27
Solution 5
Drilling jig
Fig. 5/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1B2
1B1
2B1
1A
2B2
3S1
3A
3S2
2A
1Y
2Y
1
3Y
1
0Z2
0Z1
* For the purposes of this exercise, feed unit 3A is replaced by a singleacting cylinder.
A 3/2way solenoid valve may also be used as a final control element.
3A
3Y
3S1
3S2
Fig. 5/4:
Part of circuit diagram,
pneumatic
K1
K14
A1
K1
K2
23
14
11
K3
14
13
K4
3S1
A1
A2
5
13
20
27
A2
3
5
35
12
A1
A2
35 6
8
K3
24
A1
8
15
22
29
A2
K5
K3
K16
K4
11
14
11
9
11
33
A2
24
A1
23
K2
3S2
11
14
13
12
K1
14
13
K5
14
13
Fig. 5/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
2B2
24 V 1
C28
Solution 5
1B1
24 V 10
K5
24
A1
23
24
21
36 14
15
K7
K6
K2
12
13
36
14
13
13
A2
K6
12
A2
24
A1
23
11
K7
14
13
14
K8
K7
K16
K4
16
18
34
A2
24
A1
23
22
21
24
21
15
K8
14
13
16
BU
2B1 BN
17
K9
K8
BK
19
20
37
A2
24
A1
23
18
K9
14
11
19
C29
Solution 5
Fig. 5/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
K10
K11
K10
K16
K4
24
A1
21
32
31
34
31
33 23
25
14
11
37 21
22
K10
A2
24
A1
21
34
31
22
A2
K9
K2
21
K11
14
11
23
1B2
BU
BN
24
K12
K11
BK
26
27
38
A2
24
A1
21
25
K12
14
11
26
K13
A2
24
A1
21
44
41
38 28
29
K12
K2
27
K13
14
11
28
K14
K13
K16
K4
A2
24
A1
21
42
41
44
41
29
K15
31
A2
A1
30
Fig. 5/7:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
24 V 20
C30
Solution 5
8
15
22
29
K15
A2
A1
14
11
24 V 31
32
1Y
32
31
34
33
1A
K11
K5
33
2Y
34
33
2A
K8
34
3Y
42
K7
42
41
41
33
34
K6
36
34
33
3A+
K3
K1
35
K10
K9
32
31
34
31
37
K13
K12
32
31
34
31
38
C31
Solution 5
Fig. 5/8:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(4)
C32
Solution 5
Solution description
The preselect counter receives pulses from 3S2. When the preselect
figure or the end of the drill life has been reached, the sequencer is
stopped. It will not continue running until the drill has been changed
(counter reset).
Signal generators 3S1 and 3S2 must be switched indirectly to ensure
reliable sensing. Otherwise, selflatching would supply a continuous
signal (see example) when a latching sequence is being used.
Example
Fig. 5/9:
24 V3S1
K2
K3
K3
Kn+1
Kn
Kn+1
C33
Solution 5
The signal generators indirectly switched (as in the solution to the exercise).
Fig. 5/10:
Alternative circuit (1)
24 VK1
3S1
K3
K2
K1
K1
Kn+1
Kn
K3
Kn+1
24 V3S1
K3
3S2
K4
Kn+1
K4
K2
K3
K3
K4
Kn
Kn+1
C34
Solution 5
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
C35
Solution 6
Fig. 6/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1A
1S1
1S2
2A
2B1
2B2
3A
3B1
3B2
1B
P1
4
2Y1
2Y2
1Y
3Y1
1
0Z2
0Z1
* For the purposes of this exercise, feed unit 2A is replaced by a doubleacting cylinder.
3Y2
1
K1
K14
1S1
1B
BU
BN
24
1
23
K9
K7
K5
K2
K13
BK
K2
A1
42
41
14
13
4
5
P2
P1
1S2
K1
2
3
28
14
13
A2
K1
A2
12
A1
11
14
13
K3
K2
7
29
A2
A1
24
23
5
2B2
K4
K7
K3
BK
BU
BN
8
9
A2
12
A1
11
14
13
7
K4
14
13
K5
A2
A1
24
23
4 11
31
K4
BU
2B1 BN
10
K6
K9
K5
BK
12
13
A2
12
A1
11
14
13
11
K6
14
13
12
Fig. 6/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C36
Solution 6
A1
24
21
12
A1
11 18
4 30
A2
K10
K13
K9
21
19
20
A2
12
A1
11
K9
K8
18
11
14
11
17
24
K8
16
24
21
16
17
K8
K11
K7
7 15
4 33
3B2
15
A2
A1
24
23
14
A2
K6
24 V 13
K10
14
11
19
K11
A2
A1
24
21
15 21
32
K10
20
K12
A2
24
A1
21
24
21
27 22
23
K14
K11
21
K12
14
11
22
C37
Solution 6
Fig. 6/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
12
A1
11
24
21
1 26
21
K14
K15
K13
18 25
4 34
3B1
25
A2
A1
24
21
24
A2
K13
K12
24 V 23
K14
34
31
26
K12
25
K15
A2
32
A1
31
24
23
27
1Y
34
33
1A+
K1
28
2Y1
24
23
2A+
K3
29
K9
34
31
30
2Y2
24
23
2A
K5
31
K11
34
31
32
3Y1
34
31
3A+
K7
33
3Y2
44
41
3A
K13
34
C38
Solution 6
Fig. 6/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
C39
Solution 6
Solution description
The pressure switch does not switch over until the clamping pressure
has been reached; consequently the sequencer stops until the required
pressure has built up.
In this exercise, sensor 2B1 and 2B2 can be interrogated directly several
of times without faulty actuation of the control taking place (compare with
exercise 5).
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
Pneumaticelectric converter
Components list
C40
Solution 6
C41
Solution 7
Forming press
1A
1S1
2B1
1S2
2B2
2A
1Y
2Y
5
0Z2
0Z1
1
3
Fig. 7/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
K1
ES
36
A1
35
14
14
13
14
13
12
13
4 14
K2
K3
S2
S1
K4
K5
11
14
A2
K1
13
A2
A1
22
21
24 V 1
K3
K2
A2
42
A1
41
24
23
= 0,5s
24
23
5
2B1
BU
BN
BK
K4
A2
A1
C42
Solution 7
Fig. 7/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
K5
1S1
34
A1
31
11
13
15
24
21
10
3 9
14 10
K5
A2
42
A1
41
A2
K5
K7
1S2
24 V
K6
14
11
11
2B2
BU
BN
12
K7
K6
BK
A2
24
A1
21
13
1Y
42
41
14
13
1A+
K5
K2
14
2Y
34
31
2A+
K6
15
C43
Solution 7
Fig. 7/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
C44
Solution 7
Solution description
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
EMERGENCYSTOP button
C45
Solution 8
Embossing device
1A
1B1
1B2
2A
2S1
1Y
2Y
1
0Z2
0Z1
1
3
2S2
Fig. 8/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
K1'
A1
18 13
16
14
11
4 2
6
10
K1
A2
A1
12
11
14
13
A2
K6
K1
S1
K2
K1
S2
7
11
14
17
A2
22
A1
21
14
13
1B1
K3
K7
K1
8
10
19
A2
22
A1
21
34
31
K2
14
11
7
K3
14
11
1B2
K4
K7
K3
K1
12
13
20
A2
12
A1
24
11
21
44
41
10
K2
24
21
11
K4
14
11
12
Fig. 8/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C46
Solution 8
S1 = STARTbutton
S2 = Manual step mode
24
A1
21
14
11
20 15
16
K5
K1
K1'
2S2
24 V 13
K2
34
31
14
K5
14
11
15
K6
1
6
K5
K1'
2S1
A2
24
A1
21
24
21
16
K2
44
41
17
10
K1'
K7
S3
A2
32
A1
31
14
13
18
1Y
34
31
1A+
K3
19
2Y
32
31
34
31
2A+
K5
K4
20
C47
Solution 8
Fig. 8/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
C48
Solution 8
Solution description
By pressing push button S2, it is possible to carry out one movement per
actuation in accordance with the program or control sequence.
Step repetition
When, after pressing S2, cylinder 1A has advanced via K3 and cylinder
2A via K4, selflatching at K4 can be reset via K7 by means of push
button S3. As a result of this, K4 is deenergised and cylinder 2A retracts. Cylinder 2A is now able to advance again via S2.
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
C49
Solution 9
2B1
1S1
1S2
Fig. 9/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
2B2
2A
1A
1Y
2Y1
1
2Y2
0Z2
0Z1
2B1
2Y1
2Y2
1
Fig. 9/4:
Part of circuit diagram,
pneumatic
2B2
S1 = Single cycle
S2 = Continuous cycle
S3 = STOP
4
6
32
A1
31
24
21
14
13
2
5
K2
S3
K5
S2
A2
14
13
A2
12
A1
11
14
K1
2
K2
14
13
K3
K1
11
25
A2
A1
24
23
5
K2
24
23
A2
A1
22
21
19 8
26
K4
ES
K1
K9
K5
11
14
13
NA
K5
1S2
K4
1
3
18
A2
A1
14
11
1B
2B1
BU
BN
10
K6
K9
K3
BK
12
13
21
A2
24
A1
21
14
13
11
K6
14
11
12
Fig. 9/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
S1
24 V
C50
Solution 9
1B = Sensing of parts
ES = EMERGENCYSTOP
BN
K8
K7
BK
24
A1
21
17
18
23
2B2
16
30 14
15
29
14
11
15
A2
K7
14
A2
K7
24
A1
21
13
K6
1S1
24 V
K8
12
11
17
K9
K8
K5
A2
24
A1
21
34
31
18
A2
32
A1
31
22
29 20
30
K10
S4
K4
21
19
K10
14
11
20
K11
K13
K12
K6
22
28
A2
14
A1
12
13
11
32
31
21
K11
14
11
22
C51
Solution 9
Fig. 9/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
K12
A1
24
21
23
K13
K3
21 24
24
A2
24
A1
K12
23
25
A2
K13
42
23
41
34
21
24
K4
24
23
26
S5
32
31
27
1Y
24
1A+
K11
21
28
2Y1
22
34
21
31
2A+
K10
K7
29
2Y2
32
42
31
41
3A
K10
K7
30
Fig. 9/7:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
K5
K8
31
24 V 23
C52
Solution 9
S5 = RESET gripper
C53
Solution 9
Line 1 is supplied with current via relay K4 (provided the EMERGENCYSTOP button has not been pressed). The cycle is started via S1 or S2. A
latching sequence is then constructed for this motion sequence through
current paths 9 to 18.
When the EMERGENCYSTOP switch (ES) has been actuated, the
gripper is to remain in its current position, whether open or closed. The
signal close gripper is acquired via relay K6. This signal must be stored
after actuation of EMERGENCYSTOP to keep the gripper in a closed
position (see current paths 21 and 22). However, this memory must be
erased if, at the time of the EMERGENCYSTOP actuation, the control
had opened the gripper. In this case, the open signal K8 MUST BE
STORED (SEE CURRENT PATHS 23 AND 24). Relay K13 is required
to ensure that the reset button for gripper S5 is only active when the
EMERGENCYSTOP key has already been switched off and the controller has been stopped. This is only released when no start signal or
EMERGENCYSTOP signal is present and push button S5 has been
actuated.
Coil Y2 is actuated by signal K7 and the linear drive proceeds. Selflatching of relay K10 is required to switch the linear drive to unpressurised on actuation of the EMERGENCYSTOP and to memorise this
status. This is then reset by RESET button S4 and the unit is returned
once again to the initial start position.
A new start signal is not memorised until the gripper has actuated limit
switch 1S2 (K5).
The cycle only starts if parts are present in the outlet channel (sensor 1B) and the initial position of the linear drive (sensor 2B1) is being
signalled.
Owing to multiple sensing, limit switch 1S2 must be switched indirectly
via relay K5.
Solution description
C54
Solution 9
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
EMERGENCYSTOP button
C55
Solution 10
Fig. 10/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1A
1S1
2B1
1S2
2B2
3A
3B1
2A
1Y
2Y
5
3Y
5
0Z2
0Z1
* In order to assemble this control system on the profile plate, feed unit 1A is replaced
by a doubleacting cylinder and feed unit 3A by a singleacting cylinder.
3B2
K1
K8
K2
2
5
8
A2
12
A1
11
42
14
41
13
K1
14
13
BU
2B1 BN
K4
K2
K3
BK
5
7
19
A2
A1
12
11
14
14
13
13
K8
K1
K2
22
24
21
23
14
13
K3
1S1
4
9
A2
A1
K4
A2
24
A1
23
4 8
19 9
K2
1S2
K4
K1
24
34
21
33
K5
K4
K3
10
12
20
A2
34
A1
31
24
23
9
K5
14
11
10
Fig. 10/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C56
Solution 10
S = STARTbutton
2B2
BU
BN
24 V 11
K6
K5
BK
K7
K6
24
A1
21
21 16
18
3B2
15
13
15
21
14
11
14
A2
K6
13
A2
24
A1
21
12
K7
14
11
16
3B1
17
K8
1
5
K7
A2
24
A1
21
18
1Y
42
41
34
33
1A+
K4
K2
19
2Y
34
31
2A+
K5
20
3Y
32
31
34
31
3A+
K7
K6
21
C57
Solution 10
Fig. 10/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
C58
Solution 10
Solution description
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
C59
Solution 11
Loading station
Fig. 11/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1A
1S1
1S2
2A
2B1
3B1
2B2
3B2
3A
1Y
2Y
5 1 3
5 1
3Y
5 1 3
0Z2
0Z1
K1
K10
2
4
15
A2
A1
42
41
K1
14
11
2B1
S2
K2
A2
A1
42
41
24
1
14
21
11
5
6
21
22
K7
K1
K9
4
K2
14
11
K3
A2
A1
24
21
12
11
15 7
22 8
K2
K4
1S2
6
K3
14
11
K4
A2
A1
24
21
12
11
6 9
12
24
K3
K5
1S1
8
K4
24
21
K4'
25
A2
A1
10
2B2
11
K5
A2
34
A1
31
24
21
8 12
13
23
K4
K5
12
K6
A2
34
A1
31
12
11
21 13
22 14
K5
K6
13
Fig. 11/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
S1
24 V
C60
Solution 11
S1 = START button
S2 = Sensing of steel parts
A2
25
A2
A1
K8
A1
31
32
K3
34
24
21
K1
31
15
K1
R2
R1
14
13
16
3B1
BU
BN
17
BK
K9
Electromagnet
K7
K6
14
A2
A1
18
3B2
BK
K10
BU
BN
19
1 16
A2
A1
20
32
31
34
42
41
1A+
K6
42
41
44
41
22
K5
K2
1Y
Electromagnet
H1
K6
K2
31
21
K5
44
41
23
44
2A+
2Y
K4
41
24
3Y
14
11
14
3A+
K4'
K8
11
25
C61
Solution 11
Fig. 11/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
C62
Solution 11
Solution description
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
C63
Solution 12
Fig. 12/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
3A
1A
1B1
2A
1B2
2S1
2S2
3B1
3B3
2B
P1
2Y
1Y
1
3Y
5
0Z2
0Z1
3B2
K1
S3
S1
S2
A1
4
29
K2
2S1
2
4
14
13
A2
K1
A2
32
A1
31
14
13
K3
K14
K2
K1
5
7
32
A2
14
A1
11
14
1
24
13
23
4
K3
14
13
5
1B2
K4
K3
8
10
33
A2
24
A1
23
7
K4
p
14 p1
2
13
8
2B
BU
BN
K5
K4
BK
11
14
22
35
A2
A1
24
23
10
K5'
K5
37
A2
A1
14
13
11
3B3
BU
BN
12
K6
BK
20 14
16
A2
A1
13
Fig. 12/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C64
Solution 12
S1 = STARTbutton
S2 = Part of the stop
S3 = STOPbutton
C65
Solution 12
Fig. 12/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
1B1
K13
K12
K2
17
30
31
35
A2
24
A1
21
24
23
29
K13
24
21
30
K14
2S2
A2
A1
31
1Y
32
31
34
33
1A+
K12
K3
32
2Y
42
41
34
33
2A+
K12
K4
33
K13
42
41
34
3Y
42
41
32
31
44
41
3A+
K11
K7
K5
35
K10
34
31
36
H1
K12'
K5'
12
11
14
11
37
Fig. 12/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
24 V 28
C66
Solution 12
Grinding wheel
C67
Solution 12
Solution description
Sensor 3B2 is activated when the cylinder has retracted by a half. This
then reverses the valve via further contacts (K6, K7, K9) and cylinder 3A
extends again. This sequence is carried out until the preselected figure
has been reached. If 3B2 is activated on the return stroke, the valve may
not switch since counter contact K9 interrupts the circuit. The sequence
is switched on via a second counter contact.
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
Pneumaticelectric converter
Components list
C68
Solution 12
C69
Solution 13
Assembly unit
2A
1A
1S1
2B1
Fig. 13/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
2B2
3B1
1S2
3B2
3A
2Y1
4
1Y1
2Y2
1
1Y2
1
3Y1
0Z2
0Z1
3Y2
1
S2
4
32
36
40
K1
A2
2B1
K2
5
6
A2
12
A1
11
14
14
13
13
K5
K11
S1
24
23
K1
12
11
K2
14
11
A2
A1
24
21
19 7
29
K3
K2
K4
K7
K3
1S2
8
9
A2
12
A1
11
14
4
11
7
K4
14
11
K5
A2
A1
24
21
4 11
33
K4
9
2B2
10
K6
K9
K5
12
13
A2
12
A1
11
24
21
11
K6
14
11
12
Fig. 13/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
A1
14
13
24 V 1
C70
Solution 13
S1 = OFF/ON
S2 = MAN/AUT
K11
K7
BK
42
A1
41
24
21
16
17
28
BU
BN
15
7 15
37
3B2
14
A2
A1
24
21
13
A2
K6
24 V
K8
14
11
16
K9
A2
A1
24
21
11 19
31
39
K8
17
BU
3B1 BN
18
K10
K3
K9
1S1
BK
20
22
23
A2
22
A1
21
24
4
21
19
K10
14
13
20
K12
42
41
21
K11
A2
A1
24
23
15 4
35
K10
22
C71
Solution 13
Fig. 13/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
K12
K13
S5
S4
S3
A1
32
32
31
14
31
13
32 30
14
13
21 24
K12
A2
A1
34
33
24
A2
K10
23
25
K14
36 34
A2
A1
42
14
41
32
13
31
26
K15
40 38
A2
A1
14
42
13
42
41
41
27
H1
28
1Y1
34
31
1A+
K3
29
K13
14
13
30
1Y2
34
31
1A
K9
31
K13
K1
42
41
22
21
32
Fig. 13/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
24 V
C72
Solution 13
MAN
2Y1
34
31
33
2A+
K5
24 V
K14
14
13
34
2Y2
24
23
2A
K11
35
K14
K1
42
41
32
31
36
3Y1
34
31
3A+
K7
37
K15
14
13
38
3Y2
42
41
3A
K9
39
K15
K1
42
41
42
41
40
C73
Solution 13
Fig. 13/7:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(4)
C74
Solution 13
Solution description
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
C75
Solution 14
Moulding press
Fig. 14/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1A
1B1
2B1 2B2
1B2
2B3
3A
3S1
2A
1Y
2Y
1
3Y
1
0Z2
0Z1
* For the purposes of this exercise, the doubleacting cylinder is replaced by a singleacting cylinder.
3S2
K3
K1
S1
A2
42
A1
41
14
13
S2
14
13
K2
K1
A2
14
A1
13
K3
K2
K5
K14
7
30
A2
42
A1
42
41
14
41
24
11
24
23
23
4
1B2
K4
24 7
9
A2
A1
K5
K11
K3
K4
8
10
31
A2
12
A1
11
14
14
13
13
7
K5
14
13
K6
K4
10
A2
A1
24
23
K7
A2
24
A1
23
18
17
31 11
13
K5
K6
10
K7
14
13
11
Fig. 14/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C76
Solution 14
S1, S2 = STARTbutton
1B1
24 V 12
15
16
27
33
24 13
15
32
K9
24
A1
A2
24
A1
K10
24
A1
21
7 19
K11
K10
3S1
33 17
18
25
14
11
18
A2
K10
17
A2
24
A1
21
K9
21
K8
3S2
23
11
4
K9
16
14
2B3
15
14
11
14
A2
K7
K8
13
K11
24
21
19
BU
2B1 BN
20
K12
BK
27 26
A2
A1
21
C77
Solution 14
Fig. 14/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
2B2
24 V
BU
BN
22
K13
BK
4
25
24
42
A1
41
32
31
14
11
A2
K14
K4
K8
K13
24
A2
A1
23
K10
K14
34
31
24
21
25
K12
14
11
26
K15
K12
K9
28
29
A2
22
A1
21
34
31
27
K15
14
11
28
H1
K15
24
21
29
1Y
24
23
1A+
K3
30
K7
K5
42
41
34
33
31
2Y
44
41
2A+
K8
32
3Y
42
41
44
41
3A+
K10
K9
33
C78
Solution 14
Fig. 14/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
Vacuum generator
C79
Solution 14
Solution description
If the two push buttons S1 and S2 are activated simultaneously, cylinder 1A extends. These buttons must remain depressed until the cylinder
has reached its forward end position.
The start condition is decided by the connections in current paths 24 26. It has been established that the signal from signal generator B5 only
becomes effective when the extractor unit leaves the working area, i.e.
on the return stroke of cylinder 2A.
Relay K15 starts the operation of the vaccum generator which must be
specially stored as the sequence is set before the retraced end position
of cylinder 2A is reached.
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
Components list
C80
Solution 14
C81
Solution 15
Pickandplace unit
Fig. 15/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1A
1S1
2B1
1S2
2B2
3A
3B1
2A
1Y
2Y
1
3Y
1
0Z2
0Z1
* For the purposes of carrying out this exercise on the profile plate, cylinder 3A is
replaced by a singleacting cylinder.
3B2
S3
S2
K1
K15
S1
2
4
22
A2
12
A1
11
14
13
14
14
13
13
K1
14
13
H1
24
23
K2
K15
K1
K3
1S2
5
7
40
A2
22
A1
21
24
42
23
41
4
K2
14
13
BU
2B1 BN
K4
K3
K2
BK
8
10
36
A2
24
A1
23
12
11
7
K3
14
13
8
3B2
K4
A2
24
A1
23
12
11
7 11
41 13
K3
K5
10
K4
24
21
11
Fig. 15/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C82
Solution 15
Magazine
S1 = STARTbutton
S2 = Gear housing
S3 = Magazine
3B1
24 V 12
K5
A2
13 16
17
42
10 14
15
38
A1
A1
K6
34
34
K5
31
11
31
K7
1S1
12
24
21
15
12
K5
14
A2
K4
K6
11
13
K6
24
21
16
K7
A2
A1
34
31
12
15 18
36 20
K6
K8
11
17
K7
24
21
18
K7'
42
A2
A1
19
K8
A2
A1
34
31
12
17 21
38 22
K7
K9
11
20
K8
24
21
21
K9
A2
A1
34
31
34
12
33
11
20 23
25
37
K8
K1
K10
22
K9
24
21
23
K9'
43
A2
A1
24
C83
Solution 15
Fig. 15/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
K10
31
A2
25 28
31
39
22 26
43 27
A1
A1
K11
34
34
K10
31
41
42
K12
42
41
24
27
A2
K9
K11
K10
21
26
K11
14
13
28
K11'
40
A2
A1
29
BU
2B2 BN
30
K12
A2
A1
24
23
14
27 31
32
44
K11
BK
K12
13
31
K13
A2
A1
24
23
14
44 32
33
K12
K13
11
32
K14
A2
K15
A2
A1
24
21
32
31
34
1
4
K14
S2
A1
24
21
14
39 33
34
K13
K14
11
33
H2
24
23
35
Fig. 15/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
24 V 25
C84
Solution 15
Gear
housing
K7
K3
42
K13
32
31
41
41
44
K9
37
34
33
24 V 36
1Y
42
41
44
41
1A
K8
K5
38
K14
K11
32
31
34
33
39
2Y
42
41
34
33
2A
K11'
K2
40
3Y
42
3A+
K4
41
41
K7'
K6
12
11
44
41
42
K10
K9'
42
41
14
11
43
K13
K12
32
31
34
33
44
C85
Solution 15
Fig. 15/7:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(4)
Vacuum
generator
C86
Solution 15
Solution description
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
C87
Solution 16
Galvanising process
1B1
1B3
1B2
1A
1Y
5
0B
P1
0Z2
0Z1
1
3
Fig. 16/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1B1
BU
BN
K21
BK
K2
22 3
4
26
A1
42
41
14
14
13
11
14
14
11
11
K1
K21
K15
K13
A2
0B
1.2
A2
A1
1.1
K1
14
13
K2
5
6
42
A2
A1
42
41
24
24
23
21
1A+
K5
K1
K15
4
K2
14
13
Bad 1
H1
K3
K2
A2
A1
24
23
K4
9
10
A2
A1
12
11
14
14
13
11
1A
K7
K3
K18
8
K4
14
13
K5
A2
A1
24
23
4 11
27
K4
10
Fig. 16/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1.0
C88
Solution 16
S = STARTbutton
12
14
44
A2
A1
12
11
14
34
13
1A+
K9
K5
K15
31
24 V 11
K6
14
13
12
H2
13
K7
A2
K8
A1
24
1A
16
17
A2
A1
12
11 18
28
A2
K10
44
21
19
21
43
A2
A1
22
1A+
K13
K9
K15
21
K9
K8
41
18
11
14
21
17
24
K8
11
16
24
36
21
35
15
K11
K7
K19
A1
24
8 15
36
K6
23
14
K10
14
11
19
H3
20
C89
Solution 16
Fig. 16/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
Bath 3
Bath 2
1A
23
25
29
45
A1
42
41
24
24
21
21
15 22
K12
K1
K11
K18
A2
A1
24
21
A2
K11
K10
22
K12
14
11
23
S1
14
13
24
A2
A1
24
21
18 2
37
K13
K12
25
K14
A2
A1
34
33
t1
34 30
45
K1
26
K5
24
23
27
K9
34
31
28
K12
34
K15
K14
31
29
2
4
11
18
A2
A1
18
17
30
1B3
K16
BK
BU
BN
31
33
37
A2
A1
32
Fig. 16/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
24 V 21
C90
Solution 16
S1 = SETbutton
K14
35
A2
A1
14
11
R2
R1
36
35
34
K18
A2
A1
14
11
40 8
22
K17
35
K19
A2
A1
32
t2
15
K7
31
36
K20
A2
A1
12
11
32
31
24
21
42 38
K22
K13
K16
37
K20
14
11
38
1B2 1
39
37
K18
K22
S2
A2
A1
32
31
40
1Y
S2 =
Up/Down
K17
K16
24 V 33
1A+
14
13
41
K20
K2
22
21
34
33
42
K10
34
31
43
K6
K12
H4
K14
34
33
44
28
44
27
41
45
C91
Solution 16
Work surface
oscillate
Fig. 16/7:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(4)
C92
Solution 16
Solution description
C93
Solution 16
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
Pneumaticelectric converter
Components list
C94
Solution 16
C95
Solution 17
Loading station
Fig. 17/4:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
1B 1
1A1
1B2
1A2
2B1
2B2
2A
1V1
1Y1
1V2
1Y2
2V
2Y1
2Y2
1
3A
3S1
3S2
4S
4M
3V
3Y1
4V
3Y2
4Y
4B
0Z2
0Z1
1
3
1B1
24 V 1
3A+
24
A1
21
14
11
1A+
K2
K1
K2
35 5
6
39
1B2
3
5
35
36
14
11
A2
42
A1
41
14
K1
A2
K7
K1
13
K3
K2
K9
7
8
20
A2
24
A1
21
14
13
6
K3
14
11
7
11
K4
A2
24
A1
21
14
11
4M+
20 9
10
44
K3
K18
14
K19
12
K4
14
11
K5
A2
24
A1
21
14
13
4M
44 11
12
34
K4
K11
10
K5
14
11
11
C96
Solution 17
Fig. 17/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
S = STARTbutton
K7
K6
K8
A2
24
A1
23
14
13
1A
14
13
3A
K6
14
A2
24
A1
21
14
13
13
39 13
14
42
K6
K5
K10
24 V 12
K8
3S1
14
28
A2
A1
15
K9
3S2
6
20
A2
A1
16
K10
4S
12
24
A2
A1
17
4B
18
K11
10
22
A2
A1
19
K12
21
22
33
43
A2
34
A1
22
31
32
21
31
24
23
4M+
K3
K18
K4
K9
20
K12
14
11
21
K13
A2
24
A1
21
24
23
4M
33 23
43 24
K12
K11
22
K13
14
11
23
C97
Solution 17
Fig. 17/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
K14
24
A1
21
14
11
3A
K15
K14
K15
2A
2B1
39 27
28
41
14
11
25
27
37
K14
27
A2
24
A1
21
24
23
26
A2
K13
K10
25
A2
24
A1
21
24
23
2A+
37 29
31
38
K16
K15
K8
28
K16
14
11
29
2B2
30
K17
A2
24
A1
21
14
11
3A+
41 31
32
40
K16
K17
31
K18
A2
A1
24
21
20 8
K17
32
K19
K13
K12
A2
32
A1
31
34
31
33
K5
R2
R1
34
31
34
Fig. 17/7:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
24 V 24
C98
Solution 17
1Y1
32
31
34
1A+
K2
K1
31
24 V 35
1Y2
44
1A+
K1
41
36
2Y1
32
31
34
2A
K16
K14
31
37
2Y2
44
2A+
K16
41
38
3Y1
42
41
32
44
31
3A+
K6
K15
K2
41
39
K17
34
31
40
3Y2
42
44
41
3A
K17
K15
41
41
K6
34
33
42
4Y
42
44
41
4M+
K13
K12
41
43
H1
K5
K4
42
44
41
41
44
C99
Solution 17
Suction
cups
Fig. 17/8:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(4)
C100
Solution 17
Solution description
Main program
Subroutine
Movements 4M+, 4M, 2A (with every 2A movement, cylinder 1A which
has been switched unpressurised, is pushed back by a partial stroke),
3A, 2A+, 3A+ are executed in the subroutine and repeated three times
via a counter. When the counter has reached the preselected figure, the
return jump to the main program is carried out.
Comment
C101
Solution 17
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
Components list
C102
Solution 17
C103
Solution 18
3
5
2
4
8Y
8A
3
5
7Y
7A
2
4
7S2
7S1
2Y1
3
1
5
1Y2
1Y1
3
1
8S1
3
5
2
4
2Y2
8S2
9Y
9A
9S1
3
1
5
3Y1
2A
2
4
10Y
10A
9S2
4Y1
3Y2
2
4
2S2
2S1
(2B1) (2B2)
1A
3
5
10S1 10S2
4A
4Y2
2
11Y
11S1 11S2
11A
5Y1
4S2
4S1
3S2
3S1
3A
1S2
1S1
(1B1) (1B2)
12Y
3
5
3
5
5A
5S1
5Y2
5S2
6Y
6A
(6S)
6S1
(6B)
6S2
Fig. 18/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
For the purposes of this exercise, cylinders 3A and 4A are not constructed. Feed units 6A to 11A are represented in the construction by a
singleacting cylinder. The on/off valve with filter regulator and manifold
are not represented.
24 V
36
35
K1
1 3
6
A2
A1
32
31
24
18
17
4
2B1
H2
S1 = ON
S3 = Sensing of parts
S2 = AUTO/MANUELL
S4 = OFF
H1
K1
S4
23
13
14
32
14
K1
31
K2
K1
A2
28
A1
42
27
41
14
14
11
4
13
36 7
8
34
K6
K16
S3
6S
6
K2
14
13
K3
A2
A1
24
23
28 11
44
57
K2
8
1B2
K4
11
24
34
A2
A1
10
K5
K9
K3
K4
13
14
A2
12
A1
11
14
13
14
13
11
K17
14
11
12
K5
14
13
13
K6
A2
A1
24
23
6 17
46
K5
14
Fig. 18/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
S1
S2
13
C104
Solution 18
START
Pump
1B1
24 V
15
K7
18
19
52
17
28
51
12
A1
11
14
13
14
13
A2
K8
K11
K6
K7
17
A2
A1
16
K8
14
11
18
K9
A2
A1
24
21
11 21
36
49
K8
19
2B2
22
23
A2
12
A1
11
24
4
21
21
K13
K9
5S2
BK
K10
BU
BN
20
K10
14
11
22
K11
A2
A1
24
21
17 24
45
53
K10
23
K12
A2
22
A1
21
24
4
21
24
23
34 25
26
K16
K11
5S1
K4
24
K12
14
11
25
K13
A2
A1
24
21
21 28
47
55
K12
26
6B
27
K14
K3
K13
K7
29
31
33
A2
42
A1
41
24
24
21
23
28
C105
Solution 18
Fig. 18/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
K14
14
11
29
24 V
K15
12
11
30
K15
S5 = EMERGENCYStop
S6 = RESET
K16
K14
A1
34
24 6
50
24
30 32
K15
31
33
A2
A1
24
21
32
A2
K14
21
31
K17
A2
32
A1
31
34
33
34
44 12
35
43
K12
K4
K2
33
K17
24
21
35
K18
K2
K9
37
56
A2
42
A1
41
34
31
36
K18
14
11
37
K19
S6
48
51
54
A2
A1
14
13
38
K20
56
A2
A1
24
23
39
S5
22
21
40
K21
50 42
A2
A1
32
31
14
13
41
K21
14
11
42
Fig. 18/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
34
C106
Solution 18
H3
K17
24 V
34
31
43
1Y1
42
41
24
23
1A+
K17
K3
44
K11
24
23
46
1A
K6
1Y2
34
31
45
K13
34
31
47
K19
44
41
49
2A+
K9
2Y1
14
11
48
2Y2
22
21
34
31
2A
K21
K16
50
K7
K19
34
31
52
5A+
K8
5Y1
34
33
24
21
51
5Y2
44
41
5A
K11
53
K19
34
31
54
6Y
K18
K20
44
41
6A+
K13
55
K3
12Y
18
17
24
21
56
34
33
57
C107
Solution 18
Air blast
Fig. 18/7:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(4)
Vacuum generator
C108
Solution 18
Solution description
Current paths 1 to 3 fulfill the following functions: START and STOP via
push buttons, display of the start signal and simulation of the central
lubrication system.
Power to the installation is switched off with the EMERGENCYSTOP in
order to add a memory and secure the movement 2A. Otherwise,
cylinder 2A would retract as a result of the automatic setting condition if
cylinder 1A is already located in its initial start position.
The status of the vacuum generator is stored by current paths 33 and
34. After EMERGENCYSTOP, the unit is reset and a restart can be
made. If the fact that the vacuum generator is active has now been
stored, steps 1 and 2 (1A+, 1A) are now skipped because a workpiece
has already been collected.
In manual mode, the initial start position of the machining station can be
achieved via the RESET button, cylinder 2A only being able to retract
when cylinder 1A is in its initial position. In addition, processing is started
via the RESET key if memory K18 reports that no processing has yet
been carried out. Memory K21 (EMERGENCYSTOP actuated) is reset.
In order to limit the cost incurred through additional equipment, relay
K21 can be replaced by the counter (preselected figure 1).
C109
Solution 18
40
Fig. 18/8:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
Addition with counter
41
21
13
22
14
S5
38
39
13
23
31
14
24
32
S6
A1
K19
A1
K20
A2
A2
S5 = EMERGENCYSTOP
S6 = RESET
A1
R1
A2
R2
K21
C110
Solution 18
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
EMERGENCYSTOP button
C111
Solution 19
Checking station
Fig. 19/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
2A
1B1
2B1
2B2
1B2
4A
3A
3S
4S1
3B
1A
2Y
4
4Y
1
3Y
1Y1
1Y2
0Z2
0Z1
4S2
S1 = STARTbutton
K1
S2
K3
K2
S1
A1
1
5
K2
3S
2
5
14
A2
K1
13
A2
32
A1
31
14
14
13
14
13
13
K3
4S1
1
5
A2
K3
K2
K1
K4
K19
A1
6
9
37
39
A2
18
A1
17
24
24
23
24
23
23
5
K4
14
11
BU
1B2 BN
K5
BK
A2
A1
A2
24
A1
21
14
37 10
16
38
K6
K4
K5
11
9
K6
14
11
10
BU
1B1 BN
11
K7
BK
15
A2
A1
12
Fig. 19/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
24 V 1
C112
Solution 19
S2 = STOPbutton
2B1
24 V 13
K8
S3 = Tolerance check
15
A1
K9
K6
K10
= 3s
14
14
13
13
A2
K9
K8
K7
15
A2
A1
14
17
21
23
33
A2
A1
24
21
18
17
16
K10
14
11
17
39
K10'
A2
A1
18
2B2
19
K11
23
A2
A2
A1
24
21
14
13
21
41 22
40
K12
K10
S3
A1
20
K12
14
11
22
C113
Solution 19
Fig. 19/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
K13
K10
K11
31
K15
A1
14
13
28
29
K14
A1
4S2
24
29
40
41
3B
27
A2
14
11
26
A2
K13
25
A2
A1
34
31
14
11
24
K16
K14
A2
A1
14
11
28
K17
A2
A1
24
21
24
21
40 32
33
36
K13
K14
29
K17'
41
A2
A1
30
K15
14
11
31
K17
14
11
32
Fig. 19/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
24 V 23
C114
Solution 19
S4
K17
= Interrogate container
K18
A1
22
21
35 34
K19
14
11
35
A2
44
A1
41
K18
34
A2
K18
K10
14
24
13
21
24 V 33
H1
K17
34
31
36
1Y1
32
31
34
31
1A+
K6
K4
37
1Y2
44
41
1A
K6
38
2Y
12
11
44
41
2A
K10'
K4
39
3Y
42
41
24
34
21
31
3A+
K17
K12
K13
40
4Y
12
11
32
44
31
41
4A+
K17'
K12
K13
41
C115
Solution 19
Fig. 19/7:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(4)
Conveyor belt
C116
Solution 19
Solution description
Components list
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
C117
Solution 20
Handling device
1A
1S1
2B1
1S2
2B2
Fig. 20/3:
Circuit diagram, pneumatic
2A
1Y
2Y
1
4M
*
3A
3B1
4S
3B2
4B
3Y
4Y1
4Y2
4Y3
0Z2
0Z1
4Y4
S6
S1 = STARTbutton
S2 = MAN/AUT
S3 = Sensing of parts
S4 = STOP
S5 = RESET
S6 = EMERGENCYSTOP
3
12
46 2
48 45
A2
K2
12
A1
32
11
14
31
14
13
14
11
13
14
14
13
A2
K1
K3
S4
K18
S3
A1
K1
11
K2
14
13
32
31
H1
K3
K15
A2
A1
14
11
K2
R2
R1
42
24
41
23
6
K4
K4
14
S5
13
7
50
A2
A1
14
K5
A2
A1
12
11
18
17
22 10
30
K16
K10
13
K5
14
13
10
3B1
11
K6
1A+
A2
A1
24
23
24
2A+
K7
K6
K15
14
21
14
15
16
41
A2
A1
12
11
24
K6
13
13
13
14
42
K13
K2
23
12
K7
A2
A1
24
23
16
2A
42 17
19
K7
K8
14
1S2
13
15
K8
14
13
17
Fig. 20/4:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(1)
S1
S2
22
21
24 V 1
C118
Solution 20
START
1B1
K9'
A2
45
A2
20
24
30
44
K10
11
14
11
42
K16
41
9
24
A2
A1
A1
K11
K17
K5
22
A1
3A+ 4M+
K9
14
11
21
12
K9
20
24
23
19
BK
K8
BU
BN
18
24 V
24
K11
A2
A1
24
21
28
27
24
1A
22 25
41 26
K9
K11
K10
21
23
K12
A2
A1
34
31
26
30 27
44 29
K11
K12
24
1S1
21
25
K12'
14
11
27
45 47
49
A2
A1
28
12
K12
A2
31
43
A2
A1
32
31
22
24
21
34
23
K14
31
30
K17
K5
K9
K14
A1
24
21
24
21
3A 4M
K13
K12
K18
29
14
11
31
1B2
5
14
A2
A1
33
BK
K15
BU
BN
32
C119
Solution 20
Fig. 20/5:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(2)
3B2
K16
4S
30 22
K18
9 23
K17
A1
37
A2
4B
36
A2
A1
35
2
29
A2
A1
38
H2
39
H3
40
1Y
42
2Y
2A+
42
41
41
K8
34
K6
33
42
34
1A+
K11
K7
33
41
3Y
24
3A+
K14
21
43
42
41
44
4M+
4Y1
K12
K9
41
44
4Y2
12
14
11
24
11
4M+
K12'
K9'
K1
21
45
K1
4Y3
24
21
47
4M
K12'
32
31
46
K1
4Y4
34
31
49
4M
K12'
42
41
48
K4
24
23
50
Fig. 20/6:
Circuit diagram, electrical
(3)
34
24 V
C120
Solution 20
MAN
AUTO
C121
Solution 20
The continuous cycle is introduced via the START button. The handling
device then runs until a STOP is actuated at the end of the cycle or until
the counter has reached the preselected figure or no parts are reported
as being present.
Solution description
At this point, lamp H1 indicates whether the start signal is still stored.
Memories K5 and K14 cause cylinder 3A to move every second cycle.
Lamp H2 indicates that the installation is operating in AUTOMATIC
mode. H3 lights up when MANUAL mode is operating (RESET).
Quantity
Designation
Relay, 3off
Singleacting cylinder
Doubleacting cylinder
Manifold
EMERGENCYSTOP button
Components list
C122
Solution 20